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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813018/biophysical-and-computational-studies-of-the-vcci-vmip-ii-complex
#1
Anna F Nguyen, Nai-Wei Kuo, Laura J Showalter, Ricardo Ramos, Cynthia M Dupureur, Michael E Colvin, Patricia J LiWang
Certain viruses have the ability to subvert the mammalian immune response, including interference in the chemokine system. Poxviruses produce the chemokine binding protein vCCI (viral CC chemokine inhibitor; also called 35K), which tightly binds to CC chemokines. To facilitate the study of vCCI, we first provide a protocol to produce folded vCCI from Escherichia coli (E. coli.) It is shown here that vCCI binds with unusually high affinity to viral Macrophage Inflammatory Protein-II (vMIP-II), a chemokine analog produced by the virus, human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8)...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813005/identification-and-functional-divergence-analysis-of-wox-gene-family-in-paper-mulberry
#2
Feng Tang, Naizhi Chen, Meiling Zhao, Yucheng Wang, Ruiping He, Xianjun Peng, Shihua Shen
The WOX (WUSCHEL-related homeobox) is a plant-specific transcription factor involved in plant development and stress response. However, few studies have been reported on the WOX gene in woody plants. In this study, 10 BpWOX genes were isolated from paper mulberry by RACE-PCR and categorized into three clades through phylogenetic analysis, ancient, intermediate and WUS clade. Among them, five members had the transcriptional activity detected by yeast one-hybrid and seven were uniquely localized to the nucleus through green fluorescent protein (GFP) observation...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813004/lactose-binding-induces-opposing-dynamics-changes-in-human-galectins-revealed-by-nmr-based-hydrogen-deuterium-exchange
#3
Chih-Ta Henry Chien, Meng-Ru Ho, Chung-Hung Lin, Shang-Te Danny Hsu
Galectins are β-galactoside-binding proteins implicated in a myriad of biological functions. Despite their highly conserved carbohydrate binding motifs with essentially identical structures, their affinities for lactose, a common galectin inhibitor, vary significantly. Here, we aimed to examine the molecular basis of differential lactose affinities amongst galectins using solution-based techniques. Consistent dissociation constants of lactose binding were derived from nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence, isothermal titration calorimetry and bio-layer interferometry for human galectin-1 (hGal1), galectin-7 (hGal7), and the N-terminal and C-terminal domains of galectin-8 (hGal8(NTD) and hGal8(CTD), respectively)...
August 16, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812944/binding-forces-between-a-novel-schiff-base-palladium-ii-complex-and-two-carrier-proteins-human-serum-albumi-and%C3%AE-lactoglobulin
#4
Somaye Shahraki, Ali Heydari
Ligand binding studies on carrier proteins are crucial in determining the pharmacological properties of drug candidates. Here, a new palladium(II) complex was synthesized and characterized. The in vitro binding studies of this complexwith two carrier proteins, human serum albumin (HSA) and β-lactoglobulin (βLG) was investigated by employing biophysical techniques as well as computational modeling. The experimental results showed thatthe Pd(II) complex interacted with two carrier proteins with moderate binding affinity (Kb ~̴ 0...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812332/live-cell-imaging-using-photoswitchable-diarylethene-doped-fluorescent-polymer-dots
#5
Yasuko Osakada, Tuyoshi Fukaminato, Yuma Ichinose, Mamoru Fujitsuka, Yoshie Harada, Tetsuro Majima
Fluorescence photoswitching using nanomaterials has recently emerged as a promising approach for the imaging of biological targets. However, despite intensive research efforts during the last decade, practical microscopy of biological targets using photoswitchable nanoparticles in real time remains challenging. To address this problem, we have developed live macrophage cell imaging and single particle imaging methods, using photoswitchable fluorescent diarylethene-doped polymer nanoparticles (P-dots) under Xe lamp irradiation...
August 15, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811760/the-use-of-a-tobacco-mosaic-virus-based-expression-vector-system-in-chrysanthemum
#6
Minju Park, Eseul Baek, Ju-Yeon Yoon, Peter Palukaitis
Chrysanthemums (Chrysanthemum morifolium) are susceptible to tobacco mosaic virus (TMV). TMV-based expression vectors have been used in high-throughput experiments for production of foreign protein in plants and also expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP) to allow visualization of TMV movement. Here, we used TMV expressing the GFP to examine the infection of chrysanthemum by a TMV-based expression vector. Viral replication, movement and GFP expression by TMV-GFP were verified in upper leaves of chrysanthemums up to 73 days post inoculation (dpi) by RT-PCR...
August 2017: Plant Pathology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811710/single-amino-acid-mutation-of-sr-bi-decreases-infectivity-of-hepatitis-c-virus-derived-from-cell-culture-in-a-cell-culture-model
#7
Rong Gao, Wei Gao, Gang Xu, Jie Xu, Hao Ren
AIM: To investigate the effect of a single amino acid mutation in human class B scavenger receptor I (SR-BI) on the infectivity of cell culture-derived hepatitis C virus (HCVcc) in SR-BI knock-down Huh7-siSR-BI cells. METHODS: Site-directed mutagenesis was used to construct the SR-BI S112F mutation, and the mutation was confirmed by nucleotide sequencing. SR-BI knock-down Huh7-siSR-BI cells were transfected with SR-BI S112F, SR-BI wild type (WT) and control plasmids, and then infected with HCVpp (HCV pseudoparticles) and hepatitis C virus derived from cell culture (HCVcc)...
July 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811708/involvement-of-crf2-signaling-in-enterocyte-differentiation
#8
Benjamin Ducarouge, Marjolaine Pelissier-Rota, Rebecca Powell, Alain Buisson, Bruno Bonaz, Muriel Jacquier-Sarlin
AIM: To determine the role of corticotropin releasing factor receptor (CRF2) in epithelial permeability and enterocyte cell differentiation. METHODS: For this purpose, we used rat Sprague Dawley and various colon carcinoma cell lines (SW620, HCT8R, HT-29 and Caco-2 cell lines). Expression of CRF2 protein was analyzed by fluorescent immunolabeling in normal rat colon and then by western blot in dissociated colonic epithelial cells and in the lysates of colon carcinoma cell lines or during the early differentiation of HT-29 cells (ten first days)...
July 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811673/improving-a-genetically-encoded-voltage-indicator-by-modifying-the-cytoplasmic-charge-composition
#9
Sungmoo Lee, Tristan Geiller, Arong Jung, Ryuichi Nakajima, Yoon-Kyu Song, Bradley J Baker
An improved genetically encoded voltage indicator (GEVI) was achieved by altering the charge composition of the region linking the voltage-sensing domain of the GEVI to a pH-sensitive fluorescent protein. Negatively charged linker segments reduced the voltage-dependent optical signal while positively charged linkers increased the signal size. Arginine scanning mutagenesis of the linker region improved the signal size of the GEVI, Bongwoori, yielding fluorescent signals as high as 20% ΔF/F during the firing of action potentials...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811554/a-new-method-to-investigate-the-catalytic-mechanism-of-yhde-pyrophosphatase-by-using-a-pyrophosphate-fluorescence-probe
#10
Qingya Shen, Hongwei Tan, Guo-Wen Xing, Jimin Zheng, Zongchao Jia
YhdE is a Maf (multicopy associated filamentation) proteins from Escherichia coli which exhibits pyrophosphatase activity towards selected nucleotides, although its catalytic mechanism remains unclear. Herein we used a novel fluorescence probe (4-isoACBA-Zn(II) complex) to characterize the enzymatic properties of YhdE and its mutant, establishing a new method for assaying pyrophosphatase catalytic function. Our results reveal for the first time that the new fluorescence sensor confers high sensitivity and specificity and pyrophosphate (PPi) is the direct catalytic product of YhdE...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811220/euphorbia-lunulata-extract-acts-on-multidrug-resistant-gastric-cancer-cells-to-inhibit-cell-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-arrest-cell-cycle-progression-and-induce-apoptosis
#11
Zhaoying Fu, Xiaodong Han, Juan Du, Xiaoxiao Han, Weipeng Liu, Shumei Shao, Xiaobin Liu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The milky sap or the aboveground part of the plant Euphorbia lunulata has long been used by Chinese people to treat noncancerous growths and cancerous ailments but the specific mode of action and the action mechanism remain to be elucidated. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the effects of Euphorbia lunulata extract on cell proliferation, migration, invasion, cell cycle progression, and apoptosis of multidrug resistant human gastric cancer cells; To study the mechanism of apoptosis induction by Euphorbia lunulata extract in multidrug resistant human gastric cancer cells...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810923/the-chemokine-fractalkine-cx3cl1-attenuates-h2o2-induced-demyelination-in-cerebellar-slices
#12
Sinead A O'Sullivan, Kumlesh K Dev
BACKGROUND: Fractalkine/CX3CR1 signalling has been implicated in many neurodegenerative and neurological diseases of the central nervous system (CNS). This signalling pathway plays an important role in regulating reactive oxygen species (ROS), as well as itself being altered in conditions of oxidative stress. Here, we investigated the effects of recombinant fractalkine (rCX3CL1) in models of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced demyelination and astrocyte toxicity, within organotypic cerebellar slice cultures...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810530/caspase-dependent-and-caspase-independent-induction-of-apoptosis-in-breast-cancer-by-fucoidan-via-the-pi3k-akt-gsk3%C3%AE-pathway-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#13
Meilan Xue, Xinqiang Ji, Chuanxing Xue, Hui Liang, Yinlin Ge, Xinjia He, Li Zhang, Kang Bian, Lichen Zhang
Purpose Fucoidan, a complex, sulfated polysaccharide obtained from brown seaweed, exerted anticancer activity through the down-regulation of β-catenin signaling in mouse breast cancer cells in our previous study. This study examines the anti-cancer effects of fucoidan as well as its underlying molecular mechanisms in the human triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) cell line and in 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-induced experimental mammary carcinogenesis in rats. Methods in vitro studies, fluorescent staining, flow cytometry and Western blotting were performed to analyze apoptosis and protein expression in human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells...
August 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810523/reactive-oxygen-species-mediated-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-p38-feedback-loop-implicated-in-proliferation-inhibition-of-hfls-ra-cells-induced-by-1-7-dihydroxy-3-4-dimethoxyxanthone
#14
Jian Zuo, De-Yu Dou, Hui-Fang Wang, Yan-Hong Zhu, Yan Li, Jia-Jie Luan
1,7-Dihydroxy-3,4-dimethoxyxanthone (XAN) is a bioactive compound isolated from Securidaca inappendiculata Hassk. and exerts the inhibitory effects on fibroblast-like synoviocytes by targeting NF-κB and p38. This study was designed to elucidate mechanisms underlying the divergent regulation on the two pathways in HFLS-RA cells by XAN. Expressions of hallmark proteins and transcription of GADD45α mRNA were determined by Western-blot and RT-qPCR methods, respectively. Fluorescence staining was employed to evaluate intracellular oxidative stress...
August 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810228/evolution-of-molecular-weight-and-fluorescence-of-effluent-organic-matter-efom-during-oxidation-processes-revealed-by-advanced-spectrographic-and-chromatographic-tools
#15
Zhiqiang Chen, Mo Li, Qinxue Wen, Nanqi Ren
Effluent organic matter (EfOM) is an emerging concern to receiving aquatic environment due to its refractory property. The degradation of EfOM in ozonation and other two advanced oxidation processes (AOPs), UV/H2O2 and UV/persulfate (PS), was investigated in this study. Fluorescence spectra coupled with parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC) and two-dimensional correlation gel permeation chromatography (2D-GPC) were used to track the evolution of EfOM during each oxidation process. Results showed that the degradation of EfOM indicated by dissolved organic carbon (DOC), UV254 and fluorescence components, fitted well with pseudo-first-order kinetic model during the oxidation processes...
August 4, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809839/a-novel-mammary-fat-pad-transplantation-technique-to-visualize-the-vessel-generation-of-vascular-endothelial-stem-cells
#16
Qing Cissy Yu, Wenqian Song, Dengwen Lai, Yi Arial Zeng
Endothelial cells (ECs) are the fundamental building blocks of the vascular architecture and mediate vascular growth and remodeling to ensure proper vessel development and homeostasis. However, studies on endothelial lineage hierarchy remain elusive due to the lack of tools to gain access as well as to directly evaluate their behavior in vivo. To address this shortcoming, a new tissue model to study angiogenesis using the mammary fat pad has been developed. The mammary gland develops mostly in the postnatal stages, including puberty and pregnancy, during which robust epithelium proliferation is accompanied by extensive vascular remodeling...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809827/a-method-for-characterizing-embryogenesis-in-arabidopsis
#17
Jinlin Feng, Ligeng Ma
Given the highly predictable nature of their development, Arabidopsis embryos have been used as a model for studies of morphogenesis in plants. However, early stage plant embryos are small and contain few cells, making them difficult to observe and analyze. A method is described here for characterizing pattern formation in plant embryos under a microscope using the model organism Arabidopsis. Following the clearance of fresh ovules using Hoyer's solution, the cell number in and morphology of embryos could be observed, and their developmental stage could be determined by differential interference contrast microscopy using a 100X oil immersion lens...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809711/distinct-motion-of-gfp-tagged-histone-expressing-cells-under-ac-electrokinetics-in-electrode-multilayered-microfluidic-device
#18
Jiafeng Yao, Michiko Sugawara, Hiromichi Obara, Takeomi Mizutani, Masahiro Takei
The distinct motion of GFP-tagged histone expressing cells (Histone-GFP type cells) has been investigated under ac electrokinetics in an electrode-multilayered microfluidic device as compared with Wild type cells and GFP type cells in terms of different intracellular components. The Histone-GFP type cells were modified by the transfection of green fluorescent protein-fused histone from the human lung fibroblast cell line. The velocity of the Histone-GFP type cells obtained by particle tracking velocimetry technique is faster than Wild type cells by 24...
August 14, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809472/real-time-tracking-the-synthesis-and-degradation-of-albumin-in-complex-biological-systems-with-a-near-infrared-fluorescent-probe
#19
Qiang Jin, Lei Feng, Shui-Jun Zhang, Dan-Dan Wang, Fangjun Wang, Yi Zhang, Jing-Nan Cui, Wen-Zhi Guo, Guang-Bo Ge, Ling Yang
In this study, a novel fluorescent detection system for biological sensing of human albumin (HA) was developed on the basis of the pseudo-esterase activity and substrate preference of HA. The designed near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent probe (DDAP) could be effectively hydrolyzed by HA, accompanied with significant changes in both colour and fluorescence spectrum. The sensing mechanism was fully investigated by fluorescence spectroscopy, NMR and mass spectra. DDAP exhibited excellent selectivity and sensitivity toward HA over a variety of human plasma proteins, hydrolases, and abundant biomolecules found in human body...
August 15, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809018/fluorescent-quail-a-transgenic-model-system-for-the-dynamic-study-of-avian-development
#20
David Huss, Rusty Lansford
Real-time four-dimensional (4D, xyzt) imaging of cultured avian embryos is an ideal method for investigating the complex movements of cells and tissues during early morphogenesis. While methods that transiently label cells, such as electroporation, are highly useful for dynamic imaging, they can also be limiting due to the number and type of cells that can be effectively targeted. In contrast, the heritable, stable, and long-term expression of a fluorescent protein driven by the exogenous promoter of a transgene overcomes these challenges...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
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