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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477319/transition-of-care-in-congenital-heart-disease-ensuring-the-proper-handoff
#1
REVIEW
Angela Lee, Barbara Bailey, Geraldine Cullen-Dean, Sandra Aiello, Joanne Morin, Erwin Oechslin
BACKGROUND: With great advances in medical and surgical care, most congenital heart disease patients are living in to adulthood and require lifelong surveillance and expert care for adult onset complications. Care lapse and lack of successful transfer from pediatric to adult care put young adults at risk for increased morbidity and premature death. Hence, transition and transfer from pediatric to adult care is a crucial and critical process to provide access to specialized care and lifelong surveillance...
June 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398997/scale-up-of-early-infant-hiv-diagnosis-and-improving-access-to-pediatric-hiv-care-in-global-plan-countries-past-and-future-perspectives
#2
Shaffiq Essajee, Ravikiran Bhairavabhotla, Martina Penazzato, Karusa Kiragu, Ilesh Jani, Sergio Carmona, Bharat Rewari, Charles Kiyaga, John Nkengasong, Trevor Peter
Investment to scale-up early infant diagnosis (EID) of HIV has increased substantially in the last decade. This investment includes physical infrastructure, equipment, human resources, and specimen transportation systems as well as specialized mechanisms to deliver laboratory results to clinics. The Global Plan Towards the Elimination of New HIV Infections Among Children by 2015 and Keeping Their Mothers Alive, as well as related international initiatives to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV and treat children living with HIV have been important drivers of this scale-up by mobilizing resources, creating advocacy, developing normative recommendations, and providing direct technical support to countries through the global community of international stakeholders...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348199/needs-of-kinship-care-families-and-pediatric-practice
#3
David Rubin, Sarah H Springer, Sarah Zlotnik, Christina D Kang-Yi
As many as 3% of children in the United States live in kinship care arrangements with caregivers who are relatives but not the biological parents of the child. A growing body of evidence suggests that children who cannot live with their biological parents fare better, overall, when living with extended family than with nonrelated foster parents. Acknowledging this, federal laws and public policies increasingly favor kinship care over nonrelative foster care when children are unable to live with their biological parents...
March 27, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347316/trends-of-testis-sparing-surgery-for-pediatric-testicular-tumors-in-south-china
#4
Yun-Lin Ye, Qiu-Ming He, Fu-Fug Zheng, Sheng-Jie Guo, Fang-Jian Zhou, Zi-Ke Qin
BACKGROUND: Testis-sparing surgery is not popular in South China. This study aimed to investigate this procedure for pediatric testicular tumors. METHODS: Children with testicular benign tumors were retrospectively analyzed from January 2001 to June 2015 in the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center (SYSUCC) and the First Affiliated Hospital (SYSU-1st). Follow-up was performed until June 2016, and the proportions of TSS in the two hospitals during the different periods were compared...
March 27, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337087/medication-dosage-in-overweight-and-obese-children
#5
Kelly L Matson, Evan R Horton, Amanda C Capino
Approximately 31.8% of U.S. children ages 2 to 19 years are considered overweight or obese. This creates significant challenges to dosing medications that are primarily weight based (mg/kg) and in predicting pharmacokinetics parameters in pediatric patients. Obese individuals generally have a larger volume of distribution for lipophilic medications. Conversely, the Vd of hydrophilic medications may be increased or decreased due to increased lean body mass, blood volume, and decrease percentage of total body water...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337086/pediatric-antimicrobial-stewardship-programs
#6
Kristen Nichols, Sylvia Stoffella, Rachel Meyers, Jennifer Girotto
The frequent use of antimicrobials in pediatric patients has led to a significant increase in multidrug-resistant bacterial infections among children. Antimicrobial stewardship programs have been created in many hospitals in an effort to curtail and optimize the use of antibiotics. Pediatric-focused programs are necessary because of the differences in antimicrobial need and use among this patient population, unique considerations and dosing, vulnerability for resistance due to a lifetime of antibiotic exposure, and the increased risk of adverse events...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337085/duty-to-advocate-human-papillomavirus-vaccination
#7
Kristen Nichols, Jennifer Girotto, Amy Mitchell-Van Steele, Sylvia Stoffella
Despite the excellent benefit-to-risk ratio for human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination and recommendations for its routine use from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), significant controversy surrounding HPV vaccination continues to exist. In light of this controversy and continued low rates of vaccination among U.S. adolescents, the Pediatric Pharmacy Advocacy Group (PPAG) endorses the safety and efficacy of HPV vaccination and agrees with ACIP recommendations for protection of the U.S...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332249/fifty-years-of-the-american-academy-of-pediatrics-section-on-anesthesiology-a-history-of-our-specialty
#8
Rita Agarwal, Jennifer Riefe, Constance S Houck
The American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine celebrated its 50th Anniversary in 2015. The Section was one of the first and only subspecialty organizations in anesthesiology at the time. This special article will focus on the contributions of the Section to the practice of pediatric anesthesiology in the areas of advocacy, education and member contributions. In 1986, the Section created the Robert M. Smith Award to honor those members who had made significant advances in the practice of pediatric anesthesiology...
June 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331102/clinical-features-of-women-with-turner-syndrome-experiencing-transition-period-in-japan
#9
Satsuki Nishigaki, Takashi Hamazaki, Akitoshi Tsuruhara, Toshiko Yoshida, Takuji Imamura, Hiroshi Inada, Keinosuke Fujita, Haruo Shintaku
Turner syndrome results from the entire or partial loss of the second X chromosome, and is associated with a number of medical problems. Affected women require long-term medical follow-up. This study investigated the status of medical follow-up focusing on the transition for young adult women with Turner syndrome (TS). The clinical profiles of 63 women with TS over the age of 16 were retrospectively examined. Thirty-three women are continuously followed by pediatric endocrinologists at our pediatric division...
March 22, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303273/practice-patterns-of-speech-language-pathologists-in-pediatric-vocal-health
#10
Naomi A Hartley, Maia Braden, Susan L Thibeault
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate current practices of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in the management of pediatric vocal health, with specific analysis of the influence of clinical specialty and workplace setting on management approaches. Method: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association-certified clinicians providing services within the United States (1%-100% voice caseload) completed an anonymous online survey detailing clinician demographics; employment location and service delivery models; approaches to continuing professional development; and specifics of case management, including assessment, treatment, and discharge procedures...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254496/how-do-us-pediatric-residency-programs-teach-and-evaluate-community-pediatrics-and-advocacy-training
#11
Cara Lichtenstein, Benjamin D Hoffman, Rachel Y Moon
OBJECTIVE: In 2013, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education updated requirements for training in community pediatrics and advocacy in pediatric residency programs. In light of this update, the aim of this study was to better understand how community pediatrics is being taught and evaluated in pediatric residency programs in the United States. METHODS: Cross-sectional exploratory study using a Web-based survey of pediatric residency program directors in September 2014...
February 28, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178913/training-us-health-care-professionals-on-human-trafficking-where-do-we-go-from-here
#12
Clydette Powell, Kirsten Dickins, Hanni Stoklosa
Some 21 million adults and children are labor-trafficked or sex-trafficked through force, fraud, or coercion. In recognition of the interface between trafficking victims and the healthcare setting, over the last 10 years there has been a notable increase in training of health care professionals (HCPs) on human trafficking (HT) and its health implications. Many organizations have developed curricula and offered training in various clinical settings. However, methods and content of this education on trafficking vary widely, and there is little evaluation of the impact of the training...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144123/state-of-simulation-in-healthcare-education-an-initial-survey-in-beijing
#13
Zichen Zhao, Pengfei Niu, Xiang Ji, Robert M Sweet
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In 2013, medical error was the third leading cause of death in the United States.(1) In China, as in the case with the United States, training and assessment are developing as a strategy to reduce the occurrence of such errors. The objective of this study was to assess the current state of the use of simulation-based training in Beijing and to explore the barriers to further development. METHODS: This study included hospitals in Beijing accredited by the Standardized Residency Training (SRT) program...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125277/the-african-pediatric-fellowship-training-program-in-pediatric-pulmonology-a-model-for-growing-african-capacity-in-child-lung-health
#14
Heather J Zar, Aneesa Vanker, Diane Gray, Marco Zampoli
Childhood respiratory diseases are the major cause of mortality and morbidity in African children. However, there is limited expertise in pediatric pulmonology in Africa. The African Pediatric Fellowship Program (APFP) was developed in the Department of Paediatrics and Child Health at the University of Cape Town in partnership with African academic institutions beyond South Africa to promote training of African child health professionals and to build capacity. From 2008 to 2016, 11 fellows have completed APFP training in pediatric pulmonology...
April 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089294/the-american-academy-of-pediatrics-workforce-survey-for-the-section-on-urology-2015
#15
E Shapiro, Christopher S Cooper, S Greenfield
INTRODUCTION: In 2013, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Division of Workforce and Medical Education Policy assumed the task of organizing the updated AAP Workforce Survey, which was modeled after the Future of Pediatric Education II study. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to evaluate changes in practice patterns of all pediatric medical and surgical specialists over time, to facilitate advocacy work by the Academy at federal and state levels...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068134/psychologists-in-patient-centered-medical-homes-pcmhs-roles-evidence-opportunities-and-challenges
#16
Anne E Kazak, Justin M Nash, Kimberly Hiroto, Nadine J Kaslow
The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) is an increasingly common model of health care delivery with many exciting opportunities for psychologists. The PCMH reflects a philosophy and model of care that is highly consistent with psychological science and practice. It strives to provide patient-centered, comprehensive, team-based, coordinated, accessible, and quality and safety-oriented health care delivery to individuals and families. Moreoever, in keeping with changes in the health care system more broadly, the PCMH model prioritizes the integration of behavioral and physical health care, and this emphasis lays the foundation for active and full engagement of psychologists in this context...
January 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033485/acculturation-needs-of-pediatric-international-medical-graduates-a-qualitative-study
#17
Amanda D Osta, Michelle M Barnes, Regina Pessagno, Alan Schwartz, Laura E Hirshfield
Phenomenon: International medical graduates (IMGs) play a key role in host countries' health systems but face unique challenges, which makes effective, tailored support for IMGs essential. Prior literature describing the acculturation needs of IMGs focused primarily on communication content and style. We conducted a qualitative study to explore acculturation that might be specific to IMG residents who care for children. APPROACH: In a study conducted from November 2011 to April 2012, we performed four 90-minute semistructured focus groups with 26 pediatric IMG residents from 12 countries...
December 29, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018157/position-statement-on-heparin-safety-concerns
#18
Margaret Riley, Rachel Meyers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009699/a-6-year-case-control-study-of-the-presentation-and-clinical-sequelae-for-noninflicted-negligent-and-inflicted-pediatric-burns
#19
Zachary J Collier, Veena Ramaiah, Jill C Glick, Lawrence J Gottlieb
Inflicted burns are one of the leading causes of abuse-related fatalities in children. Between 30 and 60% of children accidentally returned to abusive homes suffer reabuse. Given the high chance for abuse recurrence and the associated morbidity/mortality, it is critical that inflicted burns are promptly identified to guide appropriate medical and child welfare management. Although previous studies proposed historical and mechanistic features using noncomparative or poorly powered data, this study utilized comparative data from a 6-year period (2009-2014) at a certified burn center along with expert analysis from Child Advocacy and Protective Services (CAPS) to provide higher level evidence supporting classical findings while elucidating new features with respect to burn severity and required interventions...
January 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994112/safe-sleep-guideline-adherence-in-nationwide-marketing-of-infant-cribs-and-products
#20
Matthew Kreth, Tammy Shikany, Claire Lenker, R Bradley Troxler
BACKGROUND: Sudden infant death syndrome and sleep-related sudden unexpected infant death remain leading causes of infant mortality in the United States despite 4 safe sleep guideline restatements over the previous 24 years. Advertising and retail crib displays often promote infant sleep environments that are counter to the most recent American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) guidelines. METHODS: Magazine advertisements featuring sleep in parenting magazines from 1992, 2010, and 2015 were reviewed for adherence...
January 2017: Pediatrics
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