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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335583/is-accessibility-to-dental-care-facilities-in-rural-areas-associated-with-number-of-teeth-in-elderly-residents
#1
Tsuyoshi Hamano, Miwako Takeda, Kazumichi Tominaga, Kristina Sundquist, Toru Nabika
Given that public transportation networks are less developed in rural than in urban areas, a lack of accessibility to dental care facilities could be a barrier to routine dental checkups. Thus, we hypothesized that the distance to the dental care facilities is a risk factor for tooth loss. The aim of this study was to test whether there is an association between the distance to dental care facilities, estimated by geographic information systems, and number of teeth, assessed by an oral examination, among elderly residents of a rural area in Japan...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335441/dietary-intake-of-individual-free-and-intrinsic-sugars-and-food-sources-in-the-spanish-population-findings-from-the-anibes-study
#2
Emma Ruiz, Paula Rodriguez, Teresa Valero, José M Ávila, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Marcela González-Gross, Rosa M Ortega, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras
The consumption of total and individual sugars is controversial and little is known about consumption and dietary sources in Spain. The purpose was to examine free and intrinsic sugar intake and food and beverage sources. The ANIBES Study (Anthropometry, Intake and Energy Balance in Spain), a cross-sectional study of a representative sample of the Spanish population (9-75 years old; n = 2009) carried out in 2013, was used. Food and beverage records were obtained by a three-day dietary record by using a tablet device...
March 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334979/the-effectiveness-of-optimised-clinical-medication-reviews-for-geriatric-patients-opti-med-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Floor Willeboordse, François G Schellevis, Sek Hung Chau, Jacqueline G Hugtenburg, Petra J M Elders
Background.: Inappropriate drug use is a frequent problem in older patients and associated with adverse clinical outcomes and an important determinant of geriatric problems. Clinical medication reviews (CMR) may reduce inappropriate drug use. Objective.: The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of CMR on quality of life (QoL) and geriatric problems in comparison with usual care in older patients with geriatric problems in the general practice. Methods...
February 23, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334939/association-between-tau-deposition-and-antecedent-amyloid-%C3%AE-accumulation-rates-in-normal-and-early-symptomatic-individuals
#4
Duygu Tosun, Susan Landau, Paul S Aisen, Ronald C Petersen, Mark Mintun, William Jagust, Michael W Weiner
A long-term goal of our field is to determine the sequence of pathological events, which ultimately lead to cognitive decline and dementia. In this study, we first assessed the patterns of brain tau tangle accumulation (measured with the positron emission tomography tracer 18F-AV-1451) associated with well-established Alzheimer's disease factors in a cohort including cognitively healthy elderly individuals and individuals at early symptomatic stages of Alzheimer's disease. We then explored highly associated patterns of greater 18F-AV-1451 binding and increased annualized change in cortical amyloid-β plaques measured as florbetapir positron emission tomography binding antecedent to 18F-AV-1451 positron emission tomography scans, and to what extent these multimodal pattern associations explained the variance in cognitive performance and clinical outcome measures, independently and jointly...
March 17, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334908/adherence-and-persistence-of-patients-using-oral-bone-sparing-drugs-in-primary-care
#5
Babette C van der Zwaard, Wesley van Hout, Jacqueline G Hugtenburg, Henriëtte E van der Horst, Petra J M Elders
Aim.: Studies based on pharmacy medication records have shown suboptimal adherence and persistence of osteoporosis treatment with oral bone sparing drugs (OBSD). Little is known about adherence and persistence of OBSD treatment in primary care. We assessed adherence and persistence of OBSD use of patients in general practices and identified associated factors. Methods.: Using electronic medical records, adherence and persistence of newly prescribed treatment with OBSD in patients from 16 general practices was retrospectively assessed...
March 8, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334837/clinical-outcome-of-definitive-radiation-therapy-for-superficial-esophageal-cancer
#6
Yutaro Koide, Takeshi Kodaira, Hiroyuki Tachibana, Natsuo Tomita, Chiyoko Makita, Makoto Itoh, Tetsuya Abe, Kei Muro, Masahiro Tajika, Yasumasa Niwa, Yoshiyuki Itoh, Shinji Naganawa
Objective: To analyze the clinical outcome of concurrent chemoradiotherapy in superficial esophageal cancer patients. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data for 123 patients with superficial esophageal cancer who received external beam radiotherapy without intracavitary brachytherapy plus systemic chemotherapy during 1998-2015. Elective nodal irradiation was not performed. The dosage to planning treatment volume was 60 Gy in 30 fractions. The main outcome measure was overall survival...
February 23, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334657/investigating-the-poverty-obesity-paradox-in-europe
#7
Luca Salmasi, Martina Celidoni
This paper investigates the effect of income- and wealth-based poverty on the probability of being obese for the elderly in Europe by analysing data drawn from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement (SHARE) and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA). We use early-life economic conditions and regional circumstances as instruments for poverty later in life to account for endogeneity issues. After controlling for a large set of covariates at the individual, household, regional and country level, the results show that poverty significantly increases the probability of being obese and the Body Mass Index (BMI), for men and women...
March 9, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334644/low-level-inorganic-arsenic-exposure-and-neuropsychological-functioning-in-american-indian-elders
#8
Clint R Carroll, Carolyn Noonan, Eva M Garroutte, Ana Navas-Acien, Steven P Verney, Dedra Buchwald
BACKGROUND: Inorganic arsenic at high and prolonged doses is highly neurotoxic. Few studies have evaluated whether long-term, low-level arsenic exposure is associated with neuropsychological functioning in adults. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between long-term, low-level inorganic arsenic exposure and neuropsychological functioning among American Indians aged 64-95. METHODS: We assessed 928 participants in the Strong Heart Study by using data on arsenic species in urine samples collected at baseline (1989-1991) and results of standardized tests of global cognition, executive functioning, verbal learning and memory, fine motor functioning, and speed of mental processing administered during comprehensive follow-up evaluations in 2009-2013...
March 18, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334540/-acute-kidney-injury-a%C3%A2-current-comprehensive-overview
#9
Štefan Sotak
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a syndrome characterized by the rapid loss of the glomerular filtration (GF) with consecutive retention of nitrogen-containing substances. It includes conditions from mild injury with slight metabolic derangements to oligoanuric failure with life-threatening metabolic disruption. 130 subjects with this renal injury were hospitalized at the Ist Department of Internal Medicine of the University Hospital of Louis Pasteur and the Medical Faculty of the University of Pavol Jozef Šafárik in Košice in the Slovak Republic in the years 2013, 2014 and 2015...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334147/variations-in-acetylcholinesterase-activity-within-human-cortical-pyramidal-neurons-across-age-and-cognitive-trajectories
#10
Monica Janeczek, Tamar Gefen, Mehrnoosh Samimi, Garam Kim, Sandra Weintraub, Eileen Bigio, Emily Rogalski, M-Marsel Mesulam, Changiz Geula
We described an extensive network of cortical pyramidal neurons in the human brain with abundant acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity. Emergence of these neurons during childhood/adolescence, attainment of highest density in early adulthood, and virtual absence in other species led us to hypothesize involvement of AChE within these neurons in higher cortical functions. The current study quantified the density and staining intensity of these neurons using histochemical procedures. Few faintly stained AChE-positive cortical pyramidal neurons were observed in children/adolescents...
March 1, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334042/whole-body-counter-wbc-and-food-radiocesium-contamination-surveys-in-namie-fukushima-prefecture
#11
Yoichiro Hosokawa, Kazuki Nomura, Eiki Tsushima, Kohsei Kudo, Yuka Noto, Yoshiko Nishizawa
PURPOSE: This study examined the internal Cs exposure of residents and the Cs present in food products produced in Namie. Whole-body counter (WBC) was used for the measurement of internal exposure per each whole body of examinees. METHODS: The food products which appeared to be used for consumption, were brought by residents and commercially available food items were excluded. Most of them were wild plants or food items produced by residents. Four years of data from April 2012 to March 2013 (fiscal 2012) and April 2015 to March 2016 (Fiscal 2015) were analyzed and studied...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333717/effect-of-resistance-exercise-on-muscle-metabolism-and-autophagy-in-sibm
#12
Jae-Hoon Jeong, Dae-Seung Yang, Dong-Ju Hwang, Joon-Yong Cho, Eun-Bum Kang
PURPOSE: Sporadic inclusion body myositis (sIBM), a muscular degenerative disease in the elderly, is an inflammatory myopathy characterized by muscle weakness in the wrist flexor, quadriceps, and tibialis anterior muscles. We aimed to identify the therapeutic effect of resistance exercise (RE) in improving sIBM symptoms in an sIBM animal model. METHODS: Six-week-old male Wistar rats were divided into a sham group (sham, n = 12), chloroquine-control group (CQ-con, n = 12), and chloroquine-RE group (CQ-RE, n = 12)...
March 23, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333650/validation-of-static-and-dynamic-balance-assessment-using-microsoft-kinect-for-young-and-elderly-populations
#13
Moataz Eltoukhy, Christopher Kuenze, Jeonghoon Oh, Joseph Signorile
Reduction in balance is an indicator of fall risk, and therefore, an accurate and cost effective balance assessment tool is essential for prescribing effective postural control strategies. This study established the validity of the Kinect v2 sensor in assessing center of mass (CoM) excursion and velocity during single leg balance and voluntary ankle sway tasks among young and elderly subjects. We compared balance outcome measures (anteroposterior (AP) and mediolateral (ML) CoM excursion and velocity and average sway length) to a traditional three-dimensional motion analysis system...
March 22, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333612/practicing-healing-cleaning-the-back-of-an-elderly-tibetan-woman
#14
James Lake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333225/aminosalicylates-and-elderly-onset-colonic-crohn-s-disease-more-than-meets-the-eye
#15
Jimmy K Limdi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 24, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333178/age-as-a-risk-factor-in-abdominoplasty
#16
Rafael A Couto, Gregory A Lamaris, Todd A Baker, Ahmed M Hashem, Kashyap Tadisina, Paul Durand, Steven Rueda, Susan Orra, James E Zins
Background: Recent studies reviewing large patient databases suggested that age may be an independent risk factor for abdominoplasty. However, these investigations by design considered only short-term major complications. Objectives: The purpose of this investigation was: (1) to compare the safety of abdominoplasty in an elderly and younger patient population; (2) to determine the complication rates across all spectrums: major, minor, local, and systemic; and (3) to evaluate complications occurring both short and long term...
January 20, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332895/comorbidities-as-predictors-of-incidental-prostate-cancer-after-holmium-laser-enucleation-of-the-prostate-diabetes-and-high-risk-cancer
#17
Kazuhiro Ohwaki, Fumiyasu Endo, Masaki Shimbo, Akiko Fujisaki, Kazunori Hattori
Prostate cancer can be diagnosed as an incidental finding during the pathological examination of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) specimens by Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP). BPH and comorbidities such as hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia often coexist in elderly people. We identified which comorbidities can be used to predict the presence of incidental prostate cancer, particularly high-risk cancer, in men who had undergone HoLEP. On the basis of pathological findings of HoLEP specimens, patients with incidental cancer were categorized as low-risk (Gleason ≤6 and T1a) or high-risk (all others)...
March 23, 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332867/age-related-changes-in-thoracic-skeletal-geometry-of-elderly-females
#18
Sven A Holcombe, Stewart C Wang, James B Grotberg
OBJECTIVE: Both females and the elderly have been identified as vulnerable populations with increased injury and mortality risk in multiple crash scenarios. Particularly in frontal impacts, older females show higher risk to the chest and thorax than their younger or male counterparts. Thoracic geometry plays a role in this increase, and this study aims to quantify key parts of that geometry in a way that can directly inform human body models that incorporate the concept of person age...
March 23, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332856/association-between-serum-gamma-glutamyl-transferase-and-serum-uric-acid-levels-in-chinese-females-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Zhao Ya, Liu Fei, Zeng Yue, Liu Dan, Lin Neng-Bo, Luo Yi, Miao Ying, Wan Qin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between serum gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) levels and serum uric acid levels in middle-aged and elderly Chinese females. METHODS: A cross-sectional population survey was performed in Luzhou, China (2014). Questionnaires, physical examinations and biochemical tests were conducted. Finally, we included 2486 females who were > 40 years old as participants. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to estimate the association of serum acid levels and other variables...
March 23, 2017: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332626/decreased-16-0-20-4-phosphatidylinositol-level-in-the-post-mortem-prefrontal-cortex-of-elderly-patients-with-schizophrenia
#20
Junya Matsumoto, Hiroki Nakanishi, Yasuto Kunii, Yuki Sugiura, Dai Yuki, Akira Wada, Mizuki Hino, Shin-Ichi Niwa, Takeshi Kondo, Michihiko Waki, Takahiro Hayasaka, Noritaka Masaki, Hiroyasu Akatsu, Yoshio Hashizume, Sakon Yamamoto, Shinji Sato, Takehiko Sasaki, Mitsutoshi Setou, Hirooki Yabe
The etiology of schizophrenia includes phospholipid abnormalities. Phospholipids are bioactive substances essential for brain function. To analyze differences in the quantity and types of phospholipids present in the brain tissue of patients with schizophrenia, we performed a global analysis of phospholipids in multiple brain samples using liquid chromatography electrospray ionization mass/mass spectrometry (LC-ESI/MS/MS) and imaging mass spectrometry (IMS). We found significantly decreased 16:0/20:4-phosphatidylinositol (PI) levels in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) in the brains from patients with schizophrenia in the LC-ESI/MS/MS, and that the 16:0/20:4-PI in grey matter was most prominently diminished according to the IMS experiments...
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
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