keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231527/rapid-discrimination-and-determination-of-antibiotics-drugs-in-plastic-syringes-using-near-infrared-spectroscopy-with-chemometric-analysis-application-to-amoxicillin-and-penicillin
#1
Laetitia Minh Mai Lê, Luc Eveleigh, Ikram Hasnaoui, Patrice Prognon, Arlette Baillet-Guffroy, Eric Caudron
The aim of this study was to investigate near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) combined to chemometric analysis to discriminate and quantify three antibiotics by direct measurement in plastic syringes.Solutions of benzylpenicillin (PENI), amoxicillin (AMOX) and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (AMOX/CLAV) were analyzed at therapeutic concentrations in glass vials and plastic syringes with NIR spectrometer by direct measurement. Chemometric analysis using partial least squares regression and discriminative analysis was conducted to develop qualitative and quantitative calibration models...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225904/invasive-haemophilus-influenzae-disease-in-the-vaccine-era-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#2
Mari Tuyama, Jessica Corrêa-Antônio, Jessica Schlackman, Jane W Marsh, Maria C Rebelo, Elaine O Cerqueira, Márcio Nehab, Fabíola Kegele, Getúlio F Carmo, Dominique Ca Thielmann, Paulo F Barroso, Lee H Harrison, David E Barroso
BACKGROUND: Haemophilus influenzae (Hi) serotype b (Hib) conjugate vaccine was incorporated into the infant immunisation schedule in Brazil in 1999, where Hib was one of the major etiologic sources of community-acquired bacterial meningitis. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to describe the molecular epidemiology of invasive Hi disease in Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil, before and after vaccine introduction. METHODS: Surveillance data from 1986 to 2014 were analysed...
March 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225898/invasive-haemophilus-influenzae-disease-in-the-vaccine-era-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#3
Mari Tuyama, Jessica Corrêa-Antônio, Jessica Schlackman, Jane W Marsh, Maria C Rebelo, Elaine O Cerqueira, Márcio Nehab, Fabíola Kegele, Getúlio F Carmo, Dominique Ca Thielmann, Paulo F Barroso, Lee H Harrison, David E Barroso
BACKGROUND: Haemophilus influenzae (Hi) serotype b (Hib) conjugate vaccine was incorporated into the infant immunisation schedule in Brazil in 1999, where Hib was one of the major etiologic sources of community-acquired bacterial meningitis. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to describe the molecular epidemiology of invasive Hi disease in Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil, before and after vaccine introduction. METHODS: Surveillance data from 1986 to 2014 were analysed...
February 16, 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217544/assessment-of-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-on-fixed-dose-combinations-among-postgraduate-dental-students
#4
Narayana R Vinnakota, V Krishna, V Viswanath, Zaheer Ahmed, Kamal S Shaik, Naveen K Boppana
AIM: To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices of fixed dose combination drugs among postgraduate dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among postgraduate dental students of dental colleges in coastal Andhra Pradesh. Three colleges were randomly selected and students of all the three years were included. Data was collected from the specialities of oral medicine and radiology, oral surgery, endodontics, pedodontics, periodontics, and public health dentistry...
December 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215892/feeding-of-waste-milk-to-holstein-calves-affects-antimicrobial-resistance-of-escherichia-coli-and-pasteurella-multocida-isolated-from-fecal-and-nasal-swabs
#5
G Maynou, A Bach, M Terré
The use of milk containing antimicrobial residues in calf feeding programs has been shown to select for resistant fecal Escherichia coli in dairy calves. However, information is scarce about the effects of feeding calves waste milk (WM) on the prevalence of multidrug-resistant bacteria. The objective of this study was to determine the antimicrobial resistance patterns of fecal E. coli and nasal Pasteurella multocida isolates from calves fed either milk replacer (MR) or WM in 8 commercial dairy farms (4 farms per feeding program)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209132/urinary-tract-infection-among-fistula-patients-admitted-at-hamlin-fistula-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#6
Matifan Dereje, Yimtubezinesh Woldeamanuel, Daneil Asrat, Fekade Ayenachew
BACKGROUND: Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) causes a serious health problem and affects millions of people worldwide. Patients with obstetric fistula usually suffer from incontinence of urine and stool, which can predispose them to frequent infections of the urinary tract. Therefore the aim of this study was to determine the etiologic agents, drug resistance pattern of the isolates and associated risk factor for urinary tract infection among fistula patients in Addis Ababa fistula hospital, Ethiopia...
February 16, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207509/relationship-between-drug-resistance-and-the-clustered-regularly-interspaced-short-palindromic-repeat-associated-protein-genes-cas1-and-cas2-in-shigella-from-giant-panda-dung
#7
Lu Ren, Lin-Hua Deng, Ri-Peng Zhang, Cheng-Dong Wang, De-Sheng Li, Li-Xin Xi, Zhen-Rong Chen, Rui Yang, Jie Huang, Yang-Ru Zeng, Hong-Lin Wu, San-Jie Cao, Rui Wu, Yong Huang, Qi-Gui Yan
BACKGROUND: To detect drug resistance in Shigella obtained from the dung of the giant panda, explore the factors leading to drug resistance in Shigella, understand the characteristics of clustered, regularly interspaced, short, palindromic repeats (CRISPR), and assess the relationship between CRISPR and drug resistance. METHODS: We collected fresh feces from 27 healthy giant pandas in the Giant Panda Conservation base (Wolong, China). We identified the strains of Shigella in the samples by using nucleotide sequence analysis...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199151/antimicrobial-resistance-percentages-of-salmonella-and-shigella-in-seafood-imported-to-jordan-higher-percentages-and-more-diverse-profiles-in-shigella
#8
Mohammad M Obaidat, Alaa E Bani Salman
This study determined the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of human-specific ( Shigella spp.) and zoonotic ( Salmonella enterica ) foodborne pathogens in internationally traded seafood. Sixty-four Salmonella and 61 Shigella isolates were obtained from 330 imported fresh fish samples from Egypt, Yemen, and India. The pathogens were isolated on selective media, confirmed by PCR, and tested for antimicrobial resistance. Approximately 79 and 98% of the Salmonella and Shigella isolates, respectively, exhibited resistance to at least one antimicrobial, and 8 and 49% exhibited multidrug resistance (resistance to three or more antimicrobial classes)...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161910/associations-of-gender-and-a-proxy-of-female-menopausal-status-with-histological-features-of-drug-induced-liver-injury
#9
Ayako Suzuki, Huiman Barnhart, Jiezhun Gu, Herbert L Bonkovsky, Hans L Tillmann, Robert J Fontana, David E Kleiner
Gender and menopause may contribute to type and severity of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) by influencing host responses to injury. The aim of this study was to assess the associations of gender and female age 50 [a proxy of menopause] with histologic features of liver injury in 212 adults enrolled in the Drug-Induced Liver Injury Network (DILIN) registry METHODS: All participants had a causality score of at least 'probable', a liver biopsy within 30 days of DILI onset, and no prior chronic liver disease...
February 5, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145856/class-i-integron-and-%C3%AE-lactamase-encoding-genes-of-multidrug-resistance-salmonella-isolated-from-pigeons-and-their-environments
#10
S Yousef, R Mamdouh
Seroprevalence of Salmonella spp. was investigated in pigeon and its surrounding environment of Sharkia province, Egypt. Samples were randomly collected from fifty freshly dead squabs, forty freshly dead adults pigeons, sixty diseased adult pigeons and 100 apparently healthy adult pigeons. Bacterial isolates were tested for their susceptibility to 17 different antimicrobial discs, by using the disc diffusion method. The bacterial isolates were tested for Class I and β-lactamase encoding genes by using PCR...
December 30, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144190/antibiotic-resistance-in-urinary-isolates-of-escherichia-coli
#11
Amila Abduzaimovic, Mufida Aljicevic, Velma Rebic, Sabina Mahmutovic Vranic, Kadrija Abduzaimovic, Sabina Sestic
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the presence of antimicrobial resistance / susceptibility strains of Escherichia coli in inpatients and outpatients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It is a retrospective study carried out at the Department of Microbiology, Parasitology and Virology Faculty of Medicine, University of Sarajevo. In cooperation with the Microbiological laboratory of the Cantonal Hospital Zenica and the Microbiological laboratory of the General Hospital Tesanj, 3863 urine samples were processed in the period from March 1(st) to March 31(st) 2016...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137797/a-whole-genome-sequencing-approach-to-study-cefoxitin-resistant-salmonella-enterica-serovar-heidelberg-from-various-sources
#12
Romaine Edirmanasinghe, Rita Finley, E Jane Parmley, Brent P Avery, Carolee Carson, Sadjia Bekal, George Golding, Michael R Mulvey
This study characterized cefoxitin-resistant and susceptible Salmonella enterica serovar Heidelberg from human, abattoir poultry, and retail poultry to assess the molecular relationships of isolates from these sources in Québec in 2012. Isolates were collected as part of the Canadian Integrated Program for Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance (CIPARS). All isolates were subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for CMY-2, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and whole genome sequencing (WGS)...
January 30, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137277/antimicrobial-resistance-in-coagulase-negative-staphylococci-from-nigerian-traditional-fermented-foods
#13
P T Fowoyo, S T Ogunbanwo
BACKGROUND: Coagulase-negative staphylococci have become increasingly recognized as the etiological agent of some infections. A significant characteristic of coagulase-negative staphylococci especially strains isolated from animals and clinical samples is their resistance to routinely used antibiotics although, resistant strains isolated from fermented foods have not been fully reported. METHODS: A total of two hundred and fifty-five CoNS isolates were subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility test using the disc diffusion technique...
January 31, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134402/-severe-neutropenia-during-treatment-with-amoxicillin-clavulanic-acid-in-a-patient-on-regular-hemodialysis-treatment
#14
Nicola Spetrino, Marta Arazzi, Giorgia Di Fulvio, Federica Giunta, Xhensila Grabocka, Maria Olimpia Longo, Gabriella Micioni, Alessandro Pezzutto, Simona Silvestri, Marco Tondo, Giacinta Vigilante, Mario Bonomini
Beta-lactams are one of the most widely used antibiotics in respiratory diseases, both in adults and in the pediatric population. Their widespread use is also linked to the elevated tolerability and low risk of side effects that are generally not severe. We present here the case of a patient on regular haemodialysis pertaining to our Center who, after a seven-day treatment period with amoxicillin/clavulanic acid antibiotic therapy (medication originator), developed a framework of severe neutropenia (neutrophils till 10/mmc) resulting in hospitalization and the beginning of a specific diagnostic and therapeutic work-up...
November 2016: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124956/-investigation-of-the-frequency-and-distribution-of-beta-lactamase-genes-in-the-clinical-isolates-of-acinetobacter-baumannii-collected-from-different-regions-of-turkey-a-multicenter-study
#15
Fatih Şaban Beriş, Emine Esra Budak, Duygu Gülek, Aytül Uzun, Zeynep Çizmeci, Fırat Zafer Mengeloğlu, Şahin Direkel, Yeliz Çetinkol, Yasemin Ay Altıntop, Meryem Iraz, Tuba Dal, Safiye Umut Say Coşkun, Pervin Özlem Balcı, Tuba Kayman, Ahmet Çalışkan, Yelda Yazıcı, İsmail Tosun, Ayşe Ertürk, Ayşegül Çopur Çiçek
The diversity and distribution of TEM, SHV and CTX-M type of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) are important for the treatment and control of infections. Determination of ESBL genes in clinical isolates by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and DNA sequencing can obtain useful data for their molecular epidemiology and risk. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of beta-lactamase genes in Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated from different regions of Turkey. A total of 519 A.baumannii strains collected from hospitals located at 12 different provinces of Turkey (Bolu (n= 67), Tokat (n= 47), Trabzon (n= 25), Ordu (n= 27), Diyarbakır (n= 47), Niğde (n=31), Kayseri (n= 36), Ankara (n= 41), Kirikkale (n= 26), Kahramanmaraş (n= 25), Mersin (n= 40), Istanbul (n= 107)] between 2011-2012 period were included in the study...
October 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122629/bacteremia-caused-by-multidrug-resistant-bacteria-among-hospitalized-malnourished-children-in-mwanza-tanzania-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Maimuna Ahmed, Mariam M Mirambo, Martha F Mushi, Adolfine Hokororo, Stephen E Mshana
BACKGROUND: Severe malnutrition has been known to increase susceptibility and severity of infections. Bacteremia in malnourished children has been found to increase morbidity and mortality especially if is due to multidrug resistant bacteria. Here, we report the prevalence of bacteremia among children under 5 years of age and the antibiotic susceptibility pattern of the isolates; the information that can be used by clinicians to guide on the empirical antibiotic treatment. FINDINGS: A total of 402 malnourished children were investigated for bacteremia...
January 25, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122105/acetylcysteine-in-the-treatment-of-subacute-sinusitis-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
Mehrzad Bahtouee, Gholamhosein Monavarsadegh, Mohammadjavad Ahmadipour, Mazyar Motieilangroodi, Niloofar Motamed, Jamshid Saberifard, Seyyedsajjad Eghbali, Hooman Adibi, Hesam Maneshi, Hasan Malekizadeh
Sinusitis is a common disease with harmful effects on the health and finances of patients and the economy of the community. It is easily treated in most of its acute stages but is associated with some management difficulties as it goes toward chronicity. Therefore, we tried to improve the treatment of subacute sinusitis by using acetylcysteine, which is a safe mucolytic and antioxidant agent. Thirty-nine adult patients with subacute sinusitis proved by computed tomography (CT) were enrolled in a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial...
January 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110904/-a-case-report-nursing-interventions-on-a-patient-with-anaphylactic-shock-in-icu
#18
G Zariquiey-Esteva, P Santa-Candela
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The care plan of a 42-year-old woman with anaphylactic shock, secondary to ingestion of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, with upper airway involvement due to laryngeal angioedema, is presented. Previously she had had two episodes of angioedema of unknown origin. The incidence of this phenomenon is between 3.2 and 10 cases/100,000 people/year. CLINICAL OBSERVATION: An evaluation was made and three altered necessities stood out: breathing and circulation (she needed mechanical ventilation and noradrenalin perfusion), elimination (she required furosemide to keep an acceptable diuresis time), and hygiene and skin protection (she presented generalised hyperaemia, lip, lingual and oropharyngeal oedema)...
January 16, 2017: Enfermería Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101016/cellulitis-in-a-liver-transplant-patient-as-an-initial-manifestation-of-disseminated-cryptococcal-disease
#19
Marcos Davi Gomes de Sousa, Fred Bernardes Filho, Luís Eduardo Barros Costa Fernandes, Cássia Regina Guedes Leal, Cristiane Rocha Magalhães, Marcos Antonio Custódio Neto da Silva, Halime Silva Barcaui
A 50-year-old male underwent liver transplantation due to cryptogenic cirrhosis and was admitted with severe pain in the left leg as well as phlogosis. Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid was prescribed, assuming bullous erysipelas. Among the tests performed, the latex agglutination test for the Cryptococcus sp. antigen was positive, and in both the blood culture and blister culture Cryptococcus sp. was isolated. Daily fluconazole was started. Even though liposomal amphotericin B has been started on the fifth day of hospitalization, the patient progressed to death...
September 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088889/-spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis
#20
Bálint Velkey, Eszter Vitális, Zsuzsanna Vitális
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis occurs most commonly in cirrhotic patients with ascites. Pathogens get into the circulation by intestinal translocation and colonize in peritoneal fluid. Diagnosis of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis is based on elevated polymorphonuclear leukocyte count in the ascites (>0,25 G/L). Ascites culture is often negative but aids to get information about antibiotic sensitivity in positive cases. Treatment in stable patient can be intravenous then orally administrated ciprofloxacin or amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, while in severe cases intravenous III...
January 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
keyword
keyword
102294
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"