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Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623550/antibiotic-susceptibility-profiles-among-campylobacter-isolates-obtained-from-international-travelers-between-2007-and-2014
#1
A Post, D Martiny, N van Waterschoot, M Hallin, U Maniewski, E Bottieau, M Van Esbroeck, E Vlieghe, S Ombelet, O Vandenberg, J Jacobs
Campylobacter infection is a common cause of diarrhea among international travelers. We studied antibiotic resistance patterns among Campylobacter isolates obtained from international travelers according to travel destination. Three collections of isolates obtained from international travelers between 2007 and 2014 (Institute of Tropical Medicine, the "Laboratoire Hospitalier Universitaire de Bruxelles "and the Belgian National Reference Centre for Campylobacter) were used. Isolates were tested for minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) values (E-test macromethod) for fluoroquinolones, macrolides, tetracyclines, amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, and meropenem...
June 17, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622864/isolation-and-characterization-of-avibacterium-paragallinarum-with-different-nicotinamide-adenine-dinucleotide-requirements
#2
Ok-Mi Jeong, Min-Su Kang, Byung-Woo Jeon, Byung-Kook Choi, Yong-Kuk Kwon, So-Youn Yoon, Patrick J Blackall, Hee-Soo Lee, Suk-Chan Jung, Jae-Hong Kim
Twenty field isolates of Avibacterium paragallinarum were obtained from chickens in South Korea during 2011-2015. The isolates were identified by a HPG-2 PCR assay specific for A. paragallinarum and by biochemical tests. Growth requirements, Page serovars, carbohydrate fermentation patterns, and antimicrobial susceptibility were also examined. Most isolates (16/20) showed the typical requirement for nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and an enriched CO2 atmosphere for growth. One isolate needed increased levels of NAD and serum for good growth...
June 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619975/antibiotic-associated-haemorrhagic-colitis-not-always-clostridium-difficile
#3
Olalekan Akanbi, Nasir Saleem, Mohanad Soliman, Bibek Singh Pannu
Antibiotic-associated colitis is a gastrointestinal complication of antibiotic use commonly seen in hospitalised patients, with Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) colitis being the most common type. We present a case of haemorrhagic colitis secondary to Klebsiella oxytoca following self-initiated amoxicillin-clavulanic acid use. An 85-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain and mucobloody diarrhoea. History was notable for an ongoing 5-day course of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid use...
June 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608133/frequency-associated-factors-and-outcome-of-multi-drug-resistant-intensive-care-unit-acquired-pneumonia-among-patients-colonized-with-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae
#4
Keyvan Razazi, Armand Mekontso Dessap, Guillaume Carteaux, Chloé Jansen, Jean-Winoc Decousser, Nicolas de Prost, Christian Brun-Buisson
BACKGROUND: We assessed prevalence, associated factors and prognosis of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae pneumonia acquired in intensive care unit (ESBL-PE pneumonia) among carriers. Variables associated with nosocomial pneumonia caused by carbapenem-resistant bacteria (CRB) were also assessed. METHODS: A 6-year prospective study (May 2009-March 2015) in the medical ICU of an 850-bed university-affiliated hospital was conducted. RESULTS: Of the 6303 patients admitted, 843 (13...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589415/noma-in-an-hiv-infected-patient-in-guinea-bissau-a-case-report
#5
Tina Madsen, Candida Medina, Sanne Jespersen, Christian Wejse, Bo Langhoff Hønge
BACKGROUND: Noma is a multifactorial and multibacterial opportunistic infection that initially causes necrotic gingivitis but rapidly spreads to the nearby orofacial tissue resulting in sloughing and severe deformation of the facial structures. The majority of cases are seen in young children under the age of 6 years. Noma is strongly associated with poverty, malnutrition and immunosuppression, and is often preceded by severe systemic infections such as measles and malaria. Only few cases of noma infection in adults have been described...
June 6, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577933/impact-of-selective-reporting-of-antibiotic-susceptibility-test-results-on-the-appropriateness-of-antibiotics-chosen-by-french-general-practitioners-in-urinary-tract-infections-a-randomised-controlled-case-vignette-study
#6
Loic Bourdellon, Nathalie Thilly, Sébastien Fougnot, Céline Pulcini, Sandrine Henard
Selective reporting of antibiotic susceptibility test (AST) results is a potential intervention for laboratory-based antibiotic stewardship. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of AST reporting on the appropriateness of antibiotics selected by French general practitioners for urinary tract infections (UTIs). A randomised controlled case-vignette study in a region of northeast France surveyed general practitioners between July and October 2015 on treatment of four clinical cases of community-acquired Escherichia coli UTIs (two cases of complicated cystitis, one of acute pyelonephritis and one male UTI)...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570834/in-vitro-antistaphylococcal-synergistic-effect-of-isoflavone-metabolite-demethyltexasin-with-amoxicillin-and-oxacillin
#7
Johana Rondevaldova, Jana Hummelova, Jan Tauchen, Ladislav Kokoska
Staphylococcal infections are often hard to treat due to increasing resistance, especially to β-lactams. Previous studies described the synergy between common antibiotics and isoflavonoids; however, little is yet known about the combinatory effects of antibiotics with products of human isoflavone metabolism. In this study, demethyltexasin (DT), a human body metabolite of soybean isoflavones, was evaluated for its possible antistaphylococcal combinatory effect with amoxicillin and oxacillin. For comparison, common therapeutically used combination of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid was tested...
June 1, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569454/antibiotic-treatment-to-prevent-post-extraction-complications-a-monocentric-randomized-clinical-trial-preliminary-outcomes
#8
Antonio Barone, Francesco S Marchionni, Chiara Cinquini, Andrea Cipolli Panattoni, Paolo Toti, Simone Marconcini, Ugo Covani, Mario Gabriele
BACKGROUND: Tooth extraction is a very common procedure in oral surgery. Despite this, very little information is available in the literature as to the antibiotic management of the patient. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether the antibiotic prophylaxis could be beneficial in preventing post- extraction local complications and whether the use of a probiotic could help reduce the antibiotic gastro-intestinal side effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 111 patients meeting the inclusion criteria were initially included in this randomized clinical trial and randomly allocated to one of the three experimental groups according to a computer-generated randomization list...
May 31, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561169/-adequate-antibiotic-prophylaxis-and-therapy-of-periprosthetic-infections-of-the-breast-review-of-468-consecutive-implant-removals
#9
Jörn Andreas Lohmeyer, Mai Alawadi, Philipp Alexander Bergmann, Daniel Schmauss, Klaus Stephan Wittig
Background Periprosthetic infections are feared complications in aesthetic as well as in reconstructive breast surgery. The purpose of our study was to evaluate our institution's specific culture data and to identify most common organisms and suitable antibiotics for prophylaxis and first line treatment in implant-based breast surgery. Patients and Methods We analyzed all patients with a change or removal of breast implants in the period from 01.01.2012 to 31.12.2015 retrospectively. Based on the medical records, the surgical indications were identified and specifically analyzed for signs of infection and capsular fibrosis...
April 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559812/rapid-involution-of-pustules-during-topical-steroid-treatment-of-acute-generalized-exanthematous-pustulosis
#10
Christiane Kley, Carla Murer, Julia-Tatjana Maul, Barbara Meier, Florian Anzengruber, Alexander A Navarini
Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) is a dramatic generalized pustular rash of severe onset, which is considered a serious cutaneous adverse reaction to drugs. However, even though the clinical features are impressive and are often accompanied by systemic inflammation, it can be controlled quickly and safely by topical steroids subsequent to interruption of the offending drug. Here, we describe the management of a case and the evolution of the pustular rash. An elderly woman consulted with a generalized crop of 2-3 mm, nonfollicular pustules on erythematous background...
January 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559001/characterizing-non-linear-effects-of-hospitalization-duration-on-antimicrobial-resistance-in-respiratory-isolates-a-retrospective-analysis-of-a-prospective-nationwide-surveillance-system
#11
Rami Sommerstein, Andrew Atkinson, Elia F Lo Priore, Andreas O Kronenberg, Jonas Marschall
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to systematically study the influence of length of hospital stay on bacterial resistance in relevant respiratory tract isolates. METHODS: Using prospective epidemiological data from the National Swiss Antibiotic Resistance Surveillance System, susceptibility testing results of respiratory isolates retrospectively retrieved from patients hospitalized between 2008-2014 were compiled. Generalized additive models were used to illustrate resistance rates relative to hospitalization duration and to adjust for co-variables...
May 27, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526836/characterisation-of-antibiotic-prescriptions-for-acute-respiratory-tract-infections-in-danish-general-practice-a-retrospective-registry-based-cohort-study
#12
Rune Aabenhus, Malene Plejdrup Hansen, Laura Trolle Saust, Lars Bjerrum
Inappropriate use of antibiotics is contributing to the increasing rates of antimicrobial resistance. Several Danish guidelines on antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory tract infections in general practice have been issued to promote rational prescribing of antibiotics, however it is unclear if these recommendations are followed. We aimed to characterise the pattern of antibiotic prescriptions for patients diagnosed with acute respiratory tract infections, by means of electronic prescriptions, labeled with clinical indications, from Danish general practice...
May 19, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526094/patients-with-community-acquired-bacteremia-of-unknown-origin-clinical-characteristics-and-usefulness-of-microbiological-results-for-therapeutic-issues-a-single-center-cohort-study
#13
Johan Courjon, Elisa Demonchy, Nicolas Degand, Karine Risso, Raymond Ruimy, Pierre-Marie Roger
Bacteremia of unknown origin (BUO) are associated with increased mortality compared to those with identified sources. Microbiological data of those patients could help to characterize an appropriate empirical antibiotic treatment before bloodcultures results are available during sepsis of unknown origin. Based on the dashboard of our ward that prospectively records several parameters from each hospitalization, we report 101 community-acquired BUO selected among 1989 bacteremic patients from July 2005 to April 2016, BUO being defined by the absence of clinical and paraclinical infectious focus and no other microbiological samples retrieving the bacteria isolated from blood cultures...
May 19, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526020/salmonella-serotypes-and-their-antimicrobial-susceptibility-in-apparently-healthy-dogs-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#14
Bitsu Kiflu, Haile Alemayehu, Mukarim Abdurahaman, Yohannes Negash, Tadesse Eguale
BACKGROUND: The close bond between pet animals and family members poses risk of infection with zoonotic bacterial pathogens such as Salmonella. No data is available on occurrence of Salmonella in dogs in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was therefore to determine the prevalence, serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella from feces of apparently healthy dogs in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. RESULTS: Of the total 360 dogs examined, 42 (11.7%; 95% Confidence limit of 8...
May 19, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525325/epidemiology-of-intramammary-infections-with-staphylococcus-aureus-and-mastitis-streptococci-in-a-dairy-cattle-herd-with-a-history-of-recurrent-clinical-mastitis
#15
H Vlkova, V Babak, I Vrtkova, D Cervinkova, D Marosevic, M Moravkova, Z Jaglic
The aim of the present work was to examine a dairy herd with an anamnesis of recurrent clinical mastitis and decreased milk production. A total of 239 individual cow milk samples originating from asymptomatic cows were collected at four-month intervals and examined mainly for the presence of Staphylococcus aureus and mastitis streptococci using standard cultivation methods. In total, 29.7% and 9.2% samples were positive for S. aureus and mastitis streptococci, respectively. Unlike for mastitis streptococci, the prevalence of animals positive for S...
March 28, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506272/prevalence-and-clonal-relationship-of-esbl-producing-salmonella-strains-from-humans-and-poultry-in-northeastern-algeria
#16
Samia Djeffal, Sofiane Bakour, Bakir Mamache, Rachid Elgroud, Amir Agabou, Selma Chabou, Sana Hireche, Omar Bouaziz, Kheira Rahal, Jean-Marc Rolain
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to investigate Salmonella contamination in broiler chicken farms and slaughterhouses, to assess the antibiotic resistance profile in avian and human Salmonella isolates, and to evaluate the relationship between avian and human Extended Spectrum β-Lactamase (ESBL)-producing isolates. Salmonella was screened in different sample matrices collected at thirty-two chicken farms and five slaughterhouses. The human isolates were recovered from clinical specimens at the University Teaching Hospital of Constantine (UTH)...
May 15, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502697/impact-of-high-flux-haemodialysis-on-the-probability-of-target-attainment-for-oral-amoxicillin-clavulanic-acid-combination-therapy
#17
Katrina Hui, Kashyap Patel, David C M Kong, Carl M J Kirkpatrick
Clearance of small molecules such as amoxicillin and clavulanic acid is expected to increase during high-flux haemodialysis, which may result in lower concentrations and thus reduced efficacy. To date, clearance of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (AMC) during high-flux haemodialysis remains largely unexplored. Using published pharmacokinetic parameters, a two-compartment model with first-order input was simulated to investigate the impact of high-flux haemodialysis on the probability of target attainment (PTA) of orally administered AMC combination therapy...
July 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499446/genome-sequence-of-shigella-flexneri-strain-sp1-a-diarrheal-isolate-that-encodes-an-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-esbl
#18
Ping Shen, Jianzhong Fan, Lihua Guo, Jiahua Li, Ang Li, Jing Zhang, Chaoqun Ying, Jinru Ji, Hao Xu, Beiwen Zheng, Yonghong Xiao
BACKGROUND: Shigellosis is the most common cause of gastrointestinal infections in developing countries. In China, the species most frequently responsible for shigellosis is Shigella flexneri. S. flexneri remains largely unexplored from a genomic standpoint and is still described using a vocabulary based on biochemical and serological properties. Moreover, increasing numbers of ESBL-producing Shigella strains have been isolated from clinical samples. Despite this, only a few cases of ESBL-producing Shigella have been described in China...
May 12, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497448/healing-of-spongiosus-cutaneous-fistula-with-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-hbot-a-case-report
#19
Pier A Della Camera, Gianmartin Cito, Simone Morselli, Francesco Sessa, Davide Facchiano, Andrea Cocci, Mauro Gacci, Sergio Serni, Marco Carini, Alessandro Natali
INTRODUCTION: We present a case of a spongiosus-cutaneous fistula in a 39-year-old man with recurrent episodes of cutaneous abscess in dorsal middle third penis (5 × 3 cm) treated with Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT). CASE REPORT: After emptying nodular abscess, the patient was noncompliant for further surgery. Therefore, it was suggested the association between HBOT and antibiotic therapy. HBOT is carried out in a hyperbaric room, where the internal pressure is increased (compression phase) by entering compressed air up to 283...
May 10, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497052/etiological-and-resistance-profile-of-bacteria-involved-in-urinary-tract-infections-in-young-children
#20
Antonio Sorlózano-Puerto, José María Gómez-Luque, Juan de Dios Luna-Del-Castillo, José María Navarro-Marí, José Gutiérrez-Fernández
Background. The objective of this study was to identify the bacteria most frequently responsible for urinary tract infection (UTI) in the population of under-2-year-olds in our geographic area and to evaluate the activity of antibiotics widely used for UTI treatment during a 4-year study period. Materials and Methods. A retrospective analysis was conducted of data on the identification and susceptibility of microorganisms isolated in urine samples from children under 2 years of age. Results. A total of 1,045 uropathogens were isolated...
2017: BioMed Research International
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