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Drug reaction eosinophilia and systemic symptoms

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756718/-drug-reaction-with-eosinophilia-and-systemic-symptoms-due-to-carbamazepine-pediatric-case
#1
Rocío Del P Pereira-Ospina, Ana M Bejarano-Quintero, José M Suescún-Vargas, Javier Y Pinzón-Salamanca
Severe skin reactions include Stevens-Johnson Syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis and Drug reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS) syndrome, which are uncommon in the pediatric population (incidence 1/1000- 10 000 children), but they have bad prognosis. Drug-sensitive Syndrome with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms consists in rash, hematological abnormalities, lymphadenopathy and organ involvement. We report the case of a 12-year-old male patient who developed this pathology after initiating anticonvulsant therapy with carbamazepine...
June 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755712/lymphoproliferative-syndromes-associated-with-human-herpesvirus-6a-and-human-herpesvirus-6b
#2
REVIEW
Eva Eliassen, Gerhard Krueger, Mario Luppi, Dharam Ablashi
Human herpesvirus 6A and 6B (HHV-6A and HHV-6B) have been noted since their discovery for their T-lymphotropism. Although it has proven difficult to determine the extent to which HHV-6A and HHV-6B are involved in the pathogenesis of many diseases, evidence suggests that primary infection and reactivation of both viruses may induce or contribute to the progression of several lymphoproliferative disorders, ranging from benign to malignant and including infectious mononucleosis-like illness, drug induced hypersensitivity syndrome/drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DIHS/DRESS), and nodular sclerosis Hodgkin's lymphoma...
2018: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744372/recent-advances-in-drug-induced-hypersensitivity-syndrome-drug-reaction-with-eosinophilia-and-systemic-symptoms
#3
REVIEW
Hideaki Watanabe
Drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DIHS), also termed as drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS), is a multiorgan systemic reaction characterized by a close relationship with the reactivation of herpes virus. Published data has demonstrated that among patients with DIHS/DRESS, 75-95% have leukocytosis, 18.2-90% show atypical lymphocytes, 52-95% have eosinophilia, and 75-100% have hepatic abnormalities. Histologically, eosinophils were observed less frequently than we expected (20%)...
2018: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703869/a-10-years-retrospective-study-on-severe-cutaneous-adverse-reactions-scars-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-penang-malaysia
#4
C H Loo, W C Tan, Y H Khor, L C Chan
INTRODUCTION: Severe cutaneous adverse drug reactions (SCARs) are not uncommon and potentially lifethreatening. Our objective is to study the patient characteristics, the pattern of implicated drugs and treatment outcome among patients with SCARs. METHODS: A 10-year retrospective analysis of SCARs cases in Penang General Hospital was carried out from January 2006 to December 2015. Data collection is based on the Malaysian Adverse Drug Reactions Advisory Committee registry and dermatology clinic records...
April 2018: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693052/classic-autoimmune-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-after-a-case-of-drug-reaction-with-eosinophilia-and-systemic-symptoms-dress
#5
Audris Chiang, Jessica Shiu, Ashley N Elsensohn, Lance W Chapman, Sebastien de Feraudy, Janellen Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: JAAD Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656292/c-reactive-protein-and-procalcitonin-in-case-reports-of-drug-reaction-with-eosinophilia-and-systemic-symptoms-dress-syndrome
#6
Simona T Hübner, Raffaela Bertoli, Alexandra E Rätz Bravo, Martina Schaueblin, Manuel Haschke, Kathrin Scherer, Alessandro Ceschi, Anne B Leuppi-Taegtmeyer
BACKGROUND: The spectrum of inflammatory marker response in DRESS (drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms) syndrome has not been systematically characterized. METHODS: An epidemiological biomarker study of C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) values in patients with DRESS syndrome reported at 2 regional pharmacovigilance centers in Switzerland or published in the medical literature 2008-2016 was performed. RESULTS: Ninety-four DRESS cases were studied...
April 13, 2018: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651444/an-updated-review-of-the-molecular-mechanisms-in-drug-hypersensitivity
#7
REVIEW
Chun-Bing Chen, Riichiro Abe, Ren-You Pan, Chuang-Wei Wang, Shuen-Iu Hung, Yi-Giien Tsai, Wen-Hung Chung
Drug hypersensitivity may manifest ranging from milder skin reactions (e.g., maculopapular exanthema and urticaria) to severe systemic reactions, such as anaphylaxis, drug reactions with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS)/drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DIHS), or Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS)/toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). Current pharmacogenomic studies have made important strides in the prevention of some drug hypersensitivity through the identification of relevant genetic variants, particularly for genes encoding drug-metabolizing enzymes and human leukocyte antigens (HLAs)...
2018: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644252/strategies-for-successful-treatment-of-active-tuberculosis-in-the-setting-of-dress-on-ripe
#8
Quratulain Kizilbash, Adriana Vasquez, Barbara Seaworth
We describe 2 young, female patients who developed drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome while on treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). Active TB was treated successfully with second-line TB medications, including moxifloxacin, ethambutol, linezolid, and amikacin for 18 months.
April 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621952/dolutegravir-as-a-trigger-for-dress-syndrome
#9
Charlotte Martin, Marie-Christine Payen, Stephane De Wit
Dolutegravir is an increasingly-used second-generation human immunodeficiency virus integrase strand transfer inhibitor. Drug Reaction with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS) syndrome has been described in several patients treated with raltegravir but to our knowledge, there is no previous report of DRESS syndrome associated with dolutegravir.
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610167/-hla-a-31-01-and-oxcarbazepine-induced-dress-in-a-patient-with-seizures-and-complete-dcx-deletion
#10
Hyun Kim, Laura Chadwick, Yasir Alzaidi, Jonathan Picker, Annapurna Poduri, Shannon Manzi
Oxcarbazepine is an antiepileptic drug (AED) commonly used as a first-line treatment option for focal epilepsy. Several AEDs, including carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine, and phenytoin are associated with various delayed-hypersensitivity reactions such as drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, or toxic epidermal necrolysis. The Food and Drug Administration-approved label for oxcarbazepine currently presents information regarding a pharmacogenomic association with the HLA antigen allele HLA-B*15:02 and hypersensitivity reactions in certain ancestry groups with a high incidence of this allele...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588957/dress-syndrome-a-case-of-cross-reactivity-with-lacosamide
#11
Man Kei Fong, Bun Sheng
A 42-year-old patient with epilepsy was admitted to the hospital for fever and generalized skin rash. He has known allergy to phenytoin. Valproate was started in 2012, but failed to control his seizure despite gradual increase in dosage. Phenobarbitone was added 16 days before admission and was stopped on admission. He was treated with beta-lactam antibiotics. The rash subsided gradually after the cessation of phenobarbitone. Lacosamide was subsequently added for seizure control. Unfortunately, he developed drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome soon after introduction of lacosamide that required the use of systemic steroid for acute hepatitis...
June 2017: Epilepsia Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574562/severe-cutaneous-adverse-drug-reactions-presentation-risk-factors-and-management
#12
REVIEW
S Shahzad Mustafa, David Ostrov, Daniel Yerly
PURPOSE OF STUDY: Immune-mediated adverse drug reactions occur commonly in clinical practice and include mild, self-limited cutaneous eruptions, IgE-mediated hypersensitivity, and severe cutaneous adverse drug reactions (SCAR). SCARs represent an uncommon but potentially life-threatening form of delayed T cell-mediated reaction. The spectrum of illness ranges from acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) to drug reaction with eosinophilia with systemic symptoms (DRESS), to the most severe form of illness, Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN)...
March 24, 2018: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569759/a-breath-taking-dress-due-to-amoxicillin-clavulanate-presenting-as-polymorphic-eruption-of-the-pregnancy
#13
M S van Kester, T J C Langeveld, H Bouwsma, J B van Rees, E R Holman, Y K O Teng, E J van Zuuren
Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) is a delayed-type drug hypersensitivity reaction with potential life-threatening complications. To our knowledge, DRESS has never been described in pregnancy. Here, we report on a pregnant woman presenting with erythematous plaques on the abdomen, developing cardiac tamponade due to eosinophilic perimyocarditis and an interstitial pneumonitis five weeks after exposure to amoxicillin-clavulanate. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved...
March 23, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568997/-severe-skin-reactions-due-to-new-medications
#14
REVIEW
M Mockenhaupt, M Paulmann
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) and a specific form of hypersensitivity syndrome which is nowadays called "drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms" (DRESS) are severe, mainly drug-induced skin reactions. Whereas SJS/TEN is considered one reaction entity of different severity, DRESS has to be distinguished from SJS/TEN but also from other severe exanthems due to multiorgan involvement. Although SJS/TEN is generally referred to as drug reaction, in total only about three quarters of the cases are actually caused by drugs...
April 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568844/cytomegalovirus-cmv-hepatitis-an-uncommon-complication-of-cmv-reactivation-in-drug-reaction-with-eosinophilia-and-systemic-symptoms
#15
Yu Jun Wong, Karen Jui Lin Choo, Jade Xiao Jue Soh, Chee Kiat Tan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554696/clozapine-induced-dress-syndrome-a-case-series-from-the-amsp-multicenter-drug-safety-surveillance-project
#16
B Sanader, R Grohmann, P Grötsch, T Schumann, S Toto, P Fernando, S Stübner
Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) is an infrequent, but severe, adverse drug-induced reaction which occurs due to massive T-cell stimulation resulting in cytotoxicity and eosinophil activation and recruitment. The incidence is 0.4 cases per 100, 0000 in the general population; the mortality rate is up to 10%. Therefore, we believe that recognizing this syndrome is of particular importance. The problem we notice is that DRESS is often seen and described in patients receiving rheumatologic or anticonvulsant drugs, but very rarely in psychiatric hospitals, where Clozapine is frequently used, and that is the importance of this paper...
March 19, 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546073/association-between-hla-b-alleles-and-carbamazepine-induced-maculopapular-exanthema-and-severe-cutaneous-reactions-in-thai-patients
#17
Chonlaphat Sukasem, Chonlawat Chaichan, Thapanat Nakkrut, Patompong Satapornpong, Kanoot Jaruthamsophon, Thawinee Jantararoungtong, Napatrupron Koomdee, Suthida Sririttha, Sadeep Medhasi, Sarawut Oo-Puthinan, Ticha Rerkpattanapipat, Jettanong Klaewsongkram, Pawinee Rerknimitr, Papapit Tuchinda, Leena Chularojanamontri, Napatra Tovanabutra, Apichaya Puangpetch, Wichai Aekplakorn
The HLA-B ∗ 15:02 allele has been reported to have a strong association with carbamazepine-induced Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis (SJS/TEN) in Thai patients. The HLA-B alleles associated with carbamazepine-induced maculopapular exanthema (MPE) and the drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) among the Thai population have never been reported. The aim of the present study was to carry out an analysis of the involvement of HLA-B alleles in carbamazepine-induced cutaneous adverse drug reactions (cADRs) in the Thai population...
2018: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542806/up-regulation-of-human-herpesvirus-6b-derived-micrornas-in-the-serum-of-patients-with-drug-induced-hypersensitivity-syndrome-drug-reaction-with-eosinophilia-and-systemic-symptoms
#18
Kazuya Miyashita, Fumi Miyagawa, Yuki Nakamura, Rie Ommori, Hiroaki Azukizawa, Hideo Asada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541744/association-between-hla-b-1301-and-dapsone-induced-cutaneous-adverse-drug-reactions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Wimonchat Tangamornsuksan, Manupat Lohitnavy
Importance: Dapsone-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DHS) is a life-threatening adverse drug reaction. Based on available epidemiologic studies, HLA genotypes may play an important role in DHS. Objective: To assess the association between HLA-B*1301 and dapsone-induced cutaneous adverse drug reactions (cADRs). Data Sources: Human studies investigating associations between HLA-B*1301 and dapsone-induced cADRs were systematically searched without language restriction from the inception of each database until September 12, 2017, in PubMed, the Human Genome Epidemiology Network), and the Cochrane Library...
April 1, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527023/drug-reaction-with-eosinophilia-and-systemic-symptoms-an-update-and-review-of-recent-literature
#20
Abhishek De, Murlidhar Rajagopalan, Aarti Sarda, Sudip Das, Projna Biswas
Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome, is also known as drug induced hypersensitivity syndrome and by various other names. It is now recognised as one of the severe cutaneous adverse reaction (SCAR) and can be potentially life-threatening. Historically, it was most frequently linked with phenytoin and was initially described as phenytoin hypersensitivity syndrome. However, it was later found to be caused by various other medications. Anticonvulsants and sulfonamides are the most common offender...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
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