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Eric Ganz, Ariel B Ganz, Li-Ming Yang, Matthew Dornfeld
Graphene and its analogues have some of the highest predicted melting points of any materials. Previous work estimated the melting temperature for freestanding graphene to be a remarkable 4510 K. However, this work relied on theoretical methods that do not accurately account for the role of bond breaking or complex bonding configurations in the melting process. Furthermore, experiments to verify these high melting points have been challenging. Practical applications of graphene and carbon nanotubes at high temperatures will require a detailed understanding of the behavior of these materials under these conditions...
January 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Jackson Wong, Michael S D Agus, Dionne A Graham, Elliot Melendez
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Reduction of critical asthma management time can reduce intensive care utilization. The goal of this study was to determine whether a Critical Asthma Standardized Clinical Assessment and Management Plan (SCAMP) can decrease length of critical asthma management time. METHODS: This retrospective study compared critical asthma management times in children managed before and after implementation of a Critical Asthma SCAMP. The SCAMP used an asthma severity score management scheme to guide stepwise escalation and weaning of therapies...
January 17, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
Jean-Nicolas Longchamp, Stephan Rauschenbach, Sabine Abb, Conrad Escher, Tatiana Latychevskaia, Klaus Kern, Hans-Werner Fink
Imaging single proteins has been a long-standing ambition for advancing various fields in natural science, as for instance structural biology, biophysics, and molecular nanotechnology. In particular, revealing the distinct conformations of an individual protein is of utmost importance. Here, we show the imaging of individual proteins and protein complexes by low-energy electron holography. Samples of individual proteins and protein complexes on ultraclean freestanding graphene were prepared by soft-landing electrospray ion beam deposition, which allows chemical- and conformational-specific selection and gentle deposition...
January 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Chengqun Qin, Yiyu Feng, Haoran An, Junkai Han, Chen Cao, Wei Feng
Multistimuli-responsive polymers are materials of emerging interest, but synthetically challenging. In this work, supramolecular assembly was employed as a facile and effective approach for constructing 3,3',5,5'-azobenzenetetracarboxylic acid (H4abtc)/poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDAC) supramolecules. Structural transformations of H4abtc can be induced by light, mechanical force, and heat, and influenced by free volume. Thus, the fabricated freestanding H4abtc/PDAC film underwent bending/unbending movements upon treatment with light, humidity, or temperature, as asymmetric structural transformations on either side of the film generated asymmetric contraction/stretching forces...
January 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Hongqin Li, Haijun Ye, Zheng Xu, Chuanyi Wang, Jiao Yin, Hui Zhu
Flexible and freestanding MoO2/Mo2C imbedded carbon fibers (MoO2/Mo2C ICFs) have been successfully synthesized via an integrated procedure including electrospinning, thermo-plastication in air and reduction/carbonization at high temperature. A series of techniques such as SEM, TEM, N2 adsorption-desorption analysis, XRD, TGA, IR and XPS have been employed to systemically characterize the MoO2/Mo2C ICFs. In particular, it is observed that the MoO2/Mo2C ICFs derived from phosphomolybdic acid have more highly porous structures than those derived from molybdic acid...
January 12, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Ankita Hazarika, Biplab K Deka, DoYoung Kim, Kyungil Kong, Young-Bin Park, Hyung Wook Park
We synthesized Ag nanoparticle-decorated multilayered graphene nanosheets (Ag-graphene) from graphite nanoplatelets and silver nitrate through 90-100 s of microwave exposure, without the use of any mineral acids or harsh reducing agents. Fe nanoparticle-decorated carbon nanotubes (Fe-CNTs) were grown on polypyrrole (PPy) deposited on woven Kevlar fibre (WKF), using ferrocene as a catalyst, under microwave irradiation. Fe-CNTs grown on WKF and Ag-graphene dispersed in polyester resin (PES) were combined to fabricate Ag-graphene/Fe-CNT/PPy-coated WKF/PES composites by vacuum-assisted resin transfer moulding...
January 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
K Casey Lion, Davene R Wright, Arti D Desai, Rita Mangione-Smith
OBJECTIVE: The study goal was to determine whether preferred language for care and insurance type are associated with cost among hospitalized children. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted of inpatients at a freestanding children's hospital from January 2011 to December 2012. Patient information and hospital costs were obtained from administrative data. Cost differences according to language and insurance were calculated using multivariate generalized linear model estimates, allowing for language/insurance interaction effects...
January 10, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
Louise Fischer Christensen, Charlotte Overgaard
BACKGROUND: Intrapartum complications and the use of obstetric interventions are more common in primiparous childbirth than in multiparous childbirth, leading to concern about out of hospital birth for primiparous women. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the effect of birthplace on perinatal and maternal morbidity and the use of obstetric interventions differed by parity among low-risk women intending to give birth in a freestanding midwifery unit or in an obstetric unit in the North Denmark Region...
January 9, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Gang Liu, Haifeng Wang, Yan Gao, Jian Zhou, Hui Wang
Borophene (boron sheet) as a new type of two-dimensional (2D) material was grown successfully recently. Unfortunately, the structural stability of freestanding borophene is still an open issue. Theoretical research has found that full hydrogenation can remove such instability, and the product is called borophane. In this paper, using first-principles calculations we investigate the lattice dynamics and thermal transport properties of borophane. The intrinsic lattice thermal conductivity and the relaxation time of borophane are investigated by solving the phonon Boltzmann transport equation (BTE) based on first-principles calculations...
January 9, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Rupali Drewek, Lucia Mirea, P David Adelson
High rates of no-shows in outpatient clinics are problematic for revenue and for quality of patient care. Longer lead time to appointment has variably been implicated as a risk factor for no-shows, but the evidence within pediatric clinics is inconclusive. The goal of this study was to estimate no-show rates and test for association between appointment lead time and no-show rates for new and follow-up patients. Analyses included 534 new and 1920 follow-up patients from pulmonology and gastroenterology clinics at a freestanding children's hospital...
January 6, 2017: Health Care Manager
Yikai Xu, Magdalena P Konrad, Johann L Trotter, Colin P McCoy, Steven E J Bell
2D arrays of metal nanoparticles formed at liquid-liquid interfaces have been fixed in situ to a thin polymer support to create freestanding large (cm(2) ) composite films where the particles remain exposed rather than being trapped within the polymer. Applications of these flexible robust 2D nanoparticle arrays as sensors, thin film conductors, antimicrobial coatings, and dip-in catalysts are shown.
January 2017: Small
Linna Pang, LIxiang Ba, Wei Pan, Wenzhong Shen
Carbon nanodots (C-dots) have attracted great attention for their biocompatibility and strong tunable photoluminescence (PL). However, aggregation-induced PL quenching blocks their practical application in solid-state optoelectronics. Here, we report a luminescent C-dots freestanding film with a substantially enhanced high quantum yield (QY) of 72.3%. A facile template method, rather than complicate lithography and etching technique is proposed to fabricate the C-dots composite films with large-area (8 inch  8 inch) ordered micro-scale inverted-pyramid patterns on the surface...
January 5, 2017: Nanotechnology
Hong Wang, Shixiong Min, Chun Ma, Zhixiong Liu, Weiyi Zhang, Qiang Wang, Debao Li, Yangyang Li, Stuart Turner, Yu Han, Haibo Zhu, Edy Abou-Hamad, Mohamed Nejib Hedhili, Jun Pan, Weili Yu, Kuo-Wei Huang, Lain-Jong Li, Jiayin Yuan, Markus Antonietti, Tom Wu
Nanoporous graphitic carbon membranes with defined chemical composition and pore architecture are novel nanomaterials that are actively pursued. Compared with easy-to-make porous carbon powders that dominate the porous carbon research and applications in energy generation/conversion and environmental remediation, porous carbon membranes are synthetically more challenging though rather appealing from an application perspective due to their structural integrity, interconnectivity and purity. Here we report a simple bottom-up approach to fabricate large-size, freestanding and porous carbon membranes that feature an unusual single-crystal-like graphitic order and hierarchical pore architecture plus favourable nitrogen doping...
January 4, 2017: Nature Communications
Mark Ilton, Christian DiMaria, Kari Dalnoki-Veress
We study pore nucleation in a model membrane system, a freestanding polymer film. Nucleated pores smaller than a critical size close, while pores larger than the critical size grow. Holes of varying size were purposefully prepared in liquid polymer films, and their evolution in time was monitored using optical and atomic force microscopy to extract a critical radius. The critical radius scales linearly with film thickness for a homopolymer film. The results agree with a simple model which takes into account the energy cost due to surface area at the edge of the pore...
December 16, 2016: Physical Review Letters
John F Zimmerman, Ramya Parameswaran, Graeme Murray, Yucai Wang, Michael Burke, Bozhi Tian
The ability to seamlessly merge electronic devices with biological systems at the cellular length scale is an exciting prospect for exploring new fundamental cell biology and in designing next-generation therapeutic devices. Semiconductor nanowires are well suited for achieving this goal because of their intrinsic size and wide range of possible configurations. However, current studies have focused primarily on delivering substrate-bound nanowire devices through mechanical abrasion or electroporation, with these bulkier substrates negating many of the inherent benefits of using nanoscale materials...
December 2016: Science Advances
Fumiya Sato, Jun-Ichi Anzai
Multilayer thin films composed of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and phenylboronic acid-bearing poly(amidoamine) dendrimer (PBA-PAMAM) were used as a sacrificial layer for constructing freestanding polyelectrolyte films consisting of poly(styrenesulfonate) (PSS) and poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH). Freestanding (PSS/PAH)15 films were successfully released from substrate by exposing composite (PVA/PBA-PAMAM)n/(PSS/PAH)15 films (n=5 and 10) to sorbitol solutions under mild conditions at pH7.0-9.0. The film release was accelerated in solutions of higher sorbitol concentrations at pH9...
March 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
David J Baek, Di Lu, Yasuyuki Hikita, Harold Y Hwang, Lena F Kourkoutis
Incorporating oxides with radically different physical and chemical properties into heterostructures offers tantalizing possibilities to derive new functions and structures. Recently, we have fabricated freestanding 2D oxide membranes using the water-soluble perovskite Sr3Al2O6 as a sacrificial buffer layer. Here, with atomic-resolution spectroscopic imaging, we observe that direct growth of oxide thin films on Sr3Al2O6 can cause complete phase transformation of the buffer layer, rendering it water-insoluble...
December 28, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Zeang Zhao, Jiangtao Wu, Xiaoming Mu, Haosen Chen, H Jerry Qi, Daining Fang
Self-folding origami is of great interest in current research on functional materials and structures, but there is still a challenge to develop a simple method to create freestanding, reversible, and complex origami structures. This communication provides a feasible solution to this challenge by developing a method based on the digit light processing technique and desolvation-induced self-folding. In this new method, flat polymer sheets can be cured by a light field from a commercial projector with varying intensity, and the self-folding process is triggered by desolvation in water...
December 22, 2016: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Tao Zhou, Zhi Wei Yang, Yaokun Pang, Liang Xu, Chi Zhang, Zhong Lin Wang
Realizing active interaction with external environment/stimuli is a great challenge for current electronics. In this paper, a tribotronic tuning diode (TTD) is proposed by coupling a variable capacitance diode and a triboelectric nanogenerator in free-standing sliding mode. When the friction layer is sliding on the device surface for electrification, a reverse bias voltage is created and applied to the diode for tuning the junction capacitance. When the sliding distance increases from 0 to 25 mm, the capacitance of the TTD decreases from about 39 to 8 pF...
December 28, 2016: ACS Nano
Kecheng Li, Zheng Bo, Jianhua Yan, Kefa Cen
Graphene film has been demonstrated as promising active materials for electric double layer capacitors (EDLCs), mainly due to its excellent mechanical flexibility and freestanding morphology. In this work, the distribution and variation pattern of electrolyte ions in graphene-film based EDLC electrodes are investigated with a (11)B magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS-NMR) spectroscopy. For neutral graphene films soaked with different amounts of electrolytes (1 M TEABF4/ACN), weakly and strongly adsorbed anions are identified based on the resonances at different (11)B chemical shifts...
December 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
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