keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

er translocation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671417/cyanidin-attenuates-a%C3%AE-25-35-induced-neuroinflammation-by-suppressing-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activity-downstream-of-tlr4-nox4-in-human-neuroblastoma-cells
#1
Sarinthorn Thummayot, Chainarong Tocharus, Pichaya Jumnongprakhon, Apichart Suksamrarn, Jiraporn Tocharus
Cyanidin is polyphenolic pigment found in plants. We have previously demonstrated that cyanidin protects nerve cells against Aβ25-35 -induced toxicity by decreasing oxidative stress and attenuating apoptosis mediated by both the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway and the ER stress pathway. To further elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying the neuroprotective effects of cyanidin, we investigated the effects of cyanidin on neuroinflammation mediated by the TLR4/NOX4 pathway in Aβ25-35 -treated human neuroblastoma cell line (SK-N-SH)...
April 19, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669712/er-chaperone-grp78-protects-heart-from-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-through-akt-activation
#2
Xukun Bi, Guangyu Zhang, Xiaoding Wang, Chau Yt Nguyen, Herman I May, Xiaoting Li, Ali Al-Hashimi, Richard C Austin, Thomas G Gillette, Guo Sheng Fu, Zhao V Wang, Joseph A Hill
<u>Rationale:</u> Restoration of coronary artery blood flow is the most effective means of ameliorating myocardial damage triggered by ischemic heart disease. However, coronary reperfusion elicits an increment of additional injury to the myocardium. Accumulating evidence indicates that the unfolded protein response (UPR) in cardiomyocytes is activated by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Xbp1s, the most highly conserved branch of the UPR, is protective in response to cardiac I/R injury. GRP78, a master regulator of the UPR and an Xbp1s target, is up-regulated after I/R...
April 18, 2018: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663270/molecular-biology-and-gene-therapy-for-glycogen-storage-disease-type-ib
#3
Janice Y Chou, Jun-Ho Cho, Goo-Young Kim, Brian C Mansfield
Glycogen storage disease type Ib (GSD-Ib) is caused by a deficiency in the ubiquitously expressed glucose-6-phosphate (G6P) transporter (G6PT or SLC37A4). The primary function of G6PT is to translocate G6P from the cytoplasm into the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Inside the ER, G6P is hydrolyzed to glucose and phosphate by either the liver/kidney/intestine-restricted glucose-6-phosphatase-α (G6Pase-α) or the ubiquitously expressed G6Pase-β. A deficiency in G6Pase-α causes GSD type Ia (GSD-Ia) and a deficiency in G6Pase-β causes GSD-I-related syndrome (GSD-Irs)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662437/ketogenic-diet-improves-brain-ischemic-tolerance-and-inhibits-nlrp3-inflammasome-activation-by-preventing-drp1-mediated-mitochondrial-fission-and-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress
#4
Min Guo, Xun Wang, Yanxin Zhao, Qi Yang, Hongyan Ding, Qiang Dong, Xingdong Chen, Mei Cui
Background : Neuroprotective effects of ketogenic diets (KD) have been reported in stroke models, and nucleotide-binding domain (NOD)-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome has also been implicated in the pathogenesis of stroke. This study aimed to investigate the effects of KD on NLRP3 inflammasome and explore the potential molecular mechanisms. Methods : In in vivo study, mice were fed with KD for 3 weeks and then subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion (MCAO/R)-injury. In in vitro study, SH-SY-5Y cells were treated with β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) followed by oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R)...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650257/neuropeptide-y-mitigates-er-stress-induced-neuronal-cell-death-by-activating-the-pi3k-xbp1-pathway
#5
Do Yeon Lee, Seung Hyun Hong, Bokyung Kim, Dong-Seok Lee, Kweon Yu, Kyu-Sun Lee
The unfolded protein response (UPR) is an evolutionarily conserved adaptive reaction that increases cell survival under endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress conditions. ER stress-associated neuronal cell death pathways play roles in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and Huntington's disease. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) has an important role in neuroprotection against neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, we investigated whether NPY has a protective role in ER stress-induced neuronal cell death in SK-N-SH human neuroblastoma cells...
April 6, 2018: European Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642457/dandelion-root-extract-induces-intracellular-ca-2-increases-in-hek293-cells
#6
Andrea Gerbino, Daniela Russo, Matilde Colella, Giuseppe Procino, Maria Svelto, Luigi Milella, Monica Carmosino
Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale Weber ex F.H.Wigg.) has been used for centuries as an ethnomedical remedy. Nonetheless, the extensive use of different kinds of dandelion extracts and preparations is based on empirical findings. Some of the tissue-specific effects reported for diverse dandelion extracts may result from their action on intracellular signaling cascades. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an ethanolic dandelion root extract (DRE) on Ca2+ signaling in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626480/tspa-as-a-novel-atf6%C3%AE-translocation-inducer-efficiently-ameliorates-insulin-sensitivity-restoration-and-glucose-homeostasis-in-db-db-mice
#7
Tingting Zhou, Yanhua Cheng, Wenzhong Yan, Xiaofan Shi, Xin Xu, Jinpei Zhou, Jian Li, Jing Chen, Xu Shen
Activating transcription factor 6α (ATF6α) as a transducer in unfolded protein response (UPR), plays an important role in liver glucose metabolism and insulin resistance. Thus, targeting ATF6α activation has been proposed to be a potential strategy for anti-T2DM drug discovery. Here, we determined that small molecule 2-[5-[1-(4-chlorophenoxy)ethyl]-4-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl]sulfanyl-N-(1,5-dimethyl-3-oxo-2-phenyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)acetamide (TSPA) functioned as an ATF6α translocation inducer effectively promoting ATF6α translocation into nucleus and ameliorating glucose homeostasis on db/db mice...
April 4, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618705/apolipoprotein-a-1-binding-protein-inhibits-inflammatory-signaling-pathways-by-binding-to-apolipoprotein-a-1-in-thp-1-macrophages
#8
Min Zhang, Guo-Jun Zhao, Kai Yin, Xiao-Dan Xia, Duo Gong, Zhen-Wang Zhao, Ling-Yan Chen, Xi-Long Zheng, Xiao-Er Tang, Chao-Ke Tang
BACKGROUND: It has previously been demonstrated that apolipoprotein A-1 (apoA-1) binding protein (AIBP) promotes apoA-1 binding to ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) and prevents ABCA1 protein degradation so as to inhibit foam cell formation. Because apoA-1 inhibits inflammatory signaling pathways, whether AIBP has an inhibitory effect on inflammatory signaling pathways in THP-1-derived macrophages is investigated.Methods and Results:Analysis of inflammation-related gene expression indicated that AIBP decreased lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-mediated macrophage inflammation...
April 3, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618514/activation-of-stimulator-of-interferon-genes-sting-induces-adam17-mediated-shedding-of-the-immune-semaphorin-sema4d
#9
Kou Motani, Hidetaka Kosako
Stimulator of interferon genes (STING) is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident membrane protein that mediates cytosolic pathogen DNA-induced innate immunity and inflammatory responses in host defenses. STING is activated by cyclic di-nucleotides and is then translocated to the Golgi apparatus, an event that triggers STING assembly with the downstream enzyme TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1). This assembly leads to the phosphorylation of the transcription factor interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3), which, in turn, induces expression of type-I interferon (IFN) and chemokine genes...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606337/new-insights-into-the-structure-of-the-mhc-class-i-peptide-loading-complex-and-mechanisms-of-tap-inhibition-by-viral-immune-evasion-proteins
#10
Patrique Praest, A Manuel Liaci, Friedrich Förster, Emmanuel J H J Wiertz
Several hundred million years of co-evolution of vertebrates and invading pathogens have shaped the adaptive immune system to fight back the unwanted invaders through highly sophisticated defense mechanisms. Herpesviruses manage to dodge this immune response by hampering one of the central hinges of human adaptive immunity, the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I antigen presentation pathway. One of the bottlenecks of this pathway is the loading of pathogen-derived peptides onto MHC-I molecules in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)...
March 29, 2018: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596892/dysfunction-of-cholesterol-sensor-scap-promotes-inflammation-activation-in-thp-1-macrophages
#11
Nan Ouyang, Hua Gan, Quan He, Han Lei, Stephen Y Wang, Qing Liu, Chao Zhou
Crosstalk occurs between dyslipidemia and chronic inflammation, which are both precipitants of atherosclerosis. Sterol regulatory element binding proteins cleavage-activating protein (SCAP) plays a key role in regulating cholesterol homeostasis. The present study investigated the effects of SCAP dysfunction on the expression of inflammatory cytokines and lipid metabolism in THP-1 macrophages. Intracellular cholesterol content was assessed by Oil Red O staining and quantitative assays. The expression of SCAP, HMGCR, pro-IL-1β and N-SREBP2, p65(N) in the nucleus were examined by real-time quantitative RT-PCR and Western blotting...
March 26, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581854/ire1%C3%AE-xbp1-inhibitors-exerted-anti-tumor-activities-in-ewing-s-sarcoma
#12
Yu Tanabe, Yoshiyuki Suehara, Shinji Kohsaka, Takuo Hayashi, Keisuke Akaike, Kenta Mukaihara, Taisei Kurihara, Youngji Kim, Taketo Okubo, Midori Ishii, Saiko Kazuno, Kazuo Kaneko, Tsuyoshi Saito
Ewing's sarcoma (ES) is the second-most frequent pediatric bone tumor. Chromosomal translocation t(11;22)(q24:q12) results in the formation of EWS/FLI1 gene fusion, which is detected in approximately 90% of tumors of the Ewing family. Several transcriptome studies have provided lists of genes associated with EWS/FLI1 expression. However, the protein expression profiles associated with EWS/FLI1 have yet to be elucidated. In this study, to identify the regulated proteins associated with EWS/FLI1 and therapeutic targets in ES, we conducted proteomic studies using EWS/FLI1 knockdown in four Ewing's sarcoma cell lines and human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) expressing EWS/FLI1...
March 6, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576889/recent-development-and-gene-therapy-for-glycogen-storage-disease-type-ia
#13
Janice Y Chou, Goo-Young Kim, Jun-Ho Cho
Glycogen storage disease type Ia (GSD-Ia) is an autosomal recessive metabolic disorder caused by a deficiency in glucose-6-phosphatase-α (G6Pase-α or G6PC) that is expressed primarily in the liver, kidney, and intestine. G6Pase-α catalyzes the hydrolysis of glucose-6-phosphate (G6P) to glucose and phosphate in the terminal step of gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis, and is a key enzyme for endogenous glucose production. The active site of G6Pase-α is inside the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) lumen. For catalysis, the substrate G6P must be translocated from the cytoplasm into the ER lumen by a G6P transporter (G6PT)...
September 2017: Liver Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576508/the-desumoylating-enzyme-sentrin-specific-protease-3-contributes-to-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#14
Lingchen Gao, Yichao Zhao, Jie He, Yang Yan, Longwei Xu, Nan Lin, Qingqi Ji, Renyang Tong, Yanan Fu, Yu Gao, Yuanyuan Su, Ancai Yuan, Ben He, Jun Pu
Sentrin-specific protease 3 (SENP3), a member of the desumoylating enzyme family, is known as a redox sensor and could regulate multiple cellular signaling pathways. However, its implication in myocardial ischemia reperfusion (MIR) injury is unclear. Here, we observed that SENP3 was expressed and upregulated in the mouse heart depending on reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in response to MIR injury. By utilizing siRNA-mediated cardiac specific gene silencing, SENP3 knockdown was demonstrated to significantly reduce MIR-induced infarct size and improve cardiac function...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576076/gmhma3-sequesters-cd-to-the-root-endoplasmic-reticulum-to-limit-translocation-to-the-stems-in-soybean
#15
Yi Wang, Chao Wang, Yujing Liu, Kangfu Yu, Yonghong Zhou
A single point-mutation in GmHMA3 (Glycine max heavy metal-associated ATPase; a wild type allele cloned from a low Cd-accumulated soybean) is closely associated with seed cadmium (Cd) concentration. It is linked to Cd transportation in yeast, and is primarily expressed in the roots of plants. We hypothesized that the function of GmHMA3w in soybean would be akin to that of OsHMA3 in rice, which expresses in the root tonoplast and sequestrates Cd into the root vacuole to reduce Cd translocation to the shoots and limit its accumulation in the seeds...
May 2018: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570500/curcumin-mitigates-axonal-injury-and-neuronal-cell-apoptosis-through-the-perk-nrf2-signaling-pathway-following-diffuse-axonal-injury
#16
Tingqin Huang, Junjie Zhao, Dan Guo, Honggang Pang, Yonglin Zhao, Jinning Song
Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) accounts for more than 50% of all traumatic brain injury. In response to the mechanical damage associated with DAI, the abnormal proteins produced in the neurons and axons, namely, β-APP and p-tau, induce endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Curcumin, a major component extracted from the rhizome of Curcuma longa, has shown potent anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-infection, and antitumor activity in previous studies. Moreover, curcumin is an activator of nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and promotes its nuclear translocation...
March 22, 2018: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563214/eb1-binding-restricts-stim1-translocation-to-er-pm-junctions-and-regulates-store-operated-ca-2-entry
#17
Chi-Lun Chang, Yu-Ju Chen, Carlo Giovanni Quintanilla, Ting-Sung Hsieh, Jen Liou
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca2+ sensor STIM1 forms oligomers and translocates to ER-plasma membrane (PM) junctions to activate store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) after ER Ca2+ depletion. STIM1 also interacts with EB1 and dynamically tracks microtubule (MT) plus ends. Nevertheless, the role of STIM1-EB1 interaction in regulating SOCE remains unresolved. Using live-cell imaging combined with a synthetic construct approach, we found that EB1 binding constitutes a trapping mechanism restricting STIM1 targeting to ER-PM junctions...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555205/store-independent-coupling-between-the-secretory-pathway-ca-2-transport-atpase-spca1-and-orai1-in-golgi-stress-and-hailey-hailey-disease
#18
Susanne Smaardijk, Jialin Chen, Sara Kerselaers, Thomas Voets, Jan Eggermont, Peter Vangheluwe
The Secretory Pathway Ca2+ ATPases SPCA1 and SPCA2 transport Ca2+ and Mn2+ into the Golgi and Secretory Pathway. SPCA2 mediates store-independent Ca2+ entry (SICE) via STIM1-independent activation of Orai1, inducing constitutive Ca2+ influx in mammary epithelial cells during lactation. Here, we show that like SPCA2, also the overexpression of the ubiquitous SPCA1 induces cytosolic Ca2+ influx, which is abolished by Orai1 knockdown and occurs independently of STIM1. This process elevates the Ca2+ concentration in the cytosol and in the non-endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stores, pointing to a functional coupling between Orai1 and SPCA1...
March 16, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550588/fabp4-inhibitor-bms309403-decreases-saturated-fatty-acid-induced-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-associated-inflammation-in-skeletal-muscle-by-reducing-p38-mapk-activation
#19
Alba Bosquet, Josefa Girona, Sandra Guaita-Esteruelas, Mercedes Heras, Paula Saavedra-García, Neus Martínez-Micaelo, Lluís Masana, Ricardo Rodríguez-Calvo
AIMS: Fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) inhibitors have been proposed as potential therapeutic approaches against insulin resistance-related inflammation and type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms by which these molecules drive these effects in skeletal muscle remain unknown. Here, we assessed whether the FABP4 inhibitor BMS309403 prevented lipid-induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-associated inflammation in skeletal muscle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The BMS309403 treatment was assessed both in the skeletal muscle of high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice and in palmitate-stimulated C2C12 myotubes...
March 14, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540678/inhibition-of-sec61-dependent-translocation-by-mycolactone-uncouples-the-integrated-stress-response-from-er-stress-driving-cytotoxicity-via-translational-activation-of-atf4
#20
Joy Ogbechi, Belinda S Hall, Thomas Sbarrato, Jack Taunton, Anne E Willis, Ronald C Wek, Rachel E Simmonds
Mycolactone is the exotoxin virulence factor of Mycobacterium ulcerans that causes the neglected tropical disease Buruli ulcer. We recently showed it to be a broad spectrum inhibitor of Sec61-dependent co-translational translocation of proteins into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). An outstanding question is the molecular pathway linking this to its known cytotoxicity. We have now used translational profiling to better understand the reprogramming that occurs in cells exposed to mycolactone. Gene ontology identified enrichment in genes involved in cellular response to stress, and apoptosis signalling among those showing enhanced translation...
March 14, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
keyword
keyword
102278
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"