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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890356/does-8-methacryloxyoctyl-trimethoxy-silane-8-mots-improve-initial-bond-strength-on-lithium-disilicate-glass-ceramic
#1
Yukinori Maruo, Goro Nishigawa, Kumiko Yoshihara, Shogo Minagi, Takuya Matsumoto, Masao Irie
OBJECTIVES: Dental ceramic surfaces are modified with silane coupling agents, such as γ-methacryloxypropyl trimethoxy silane (γ-MPTS), to improve bond strength. For bonding between lithium disilicate glass ceramic and resin cement, the objective was to investigate if 8-methacryloxyoctyl trimethoxy silane (8-MOTS) could yield a similar performance as the widely used γ-MPTS. METHODS: One hundred and ten lithium disilicate glass ceramic specimens were randomly divided into 11 groups (n=10) according to pretreatment regime...
November 24, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890354/chairside-cad-cam-materials-part-1-measurement-of-elastic-constants-and-microstructural-characterization
#2
Renan Belli, Michael Wendler, Dominique de Ligny, Maria Rita Cicconi, Anselm Petschelt, Herwig Peterlik, Ulrich Lohbauer
OBJECTIVE: A deeper understanding of the mechanical behavior of dental restorative materials requires an insight into the materials elastic constants and microstructure. Here we aim to use complementary methodologies to thoroughly characterize chairside CAD/CAM materials and discuss the benefits and limitations of different analytical strategies. METHODS: Eight commercial CAM/CAM materials, ranging from polycrystalline zirconia (e.max ZirCAD, Ivoclar-Vivadent), reinforced glasses (Vitablocs Mark II, VITA; Empress CAD, Ivoclar-Vivadent) and glass-ceramics (e...
November 24, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889932/interaction-of-hepes-buffer-with-glass-ceramic-scaffold-can-hepes-replace-tris-in-sbf
#3
Dana Rohanová, Diana Horkavcová, Laine Paidere, Aldo Roberto Boccaccini, Pavlína Bozděchová, Petr Bezdička
An international standard (ISO: 23317:2014) exists for the in vitro testing of inorganic biomaterials in simulated body fluid (SBF). This standard uses TRIS buffer to maintain neutral pH in SBF, but in our previous paper, we showed that the interaction of a tested glass-ceramic material with TRIS can produce false-positive results. In this study, we evaluated whether the HEPES buffer, which also belongs to the group of Good's buffers, would be more suitable for SBF. We compared its suitability in two media: SBF with HEPES and demineralized water with HEPES...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884403/chairside-cad-cam-materials-part-2-flexural-strength-testing
#4
Michael Wendler, Renan Belli, Anselm Petschelt, Daniel Mevec, Walter Harrer, Tanja Lube, Robert Danzer, Ulrich Lohbauer
OBJECTIVE: Strength is one of the preferred parameters used in dentistry for determining clinical indication of dental restoratives. However, small dimensions of CAD/CAM blocks limit reliable measurements with standardized uniaxial bending tests. The objective of this study was to introduce the ball-on-three-ball (B3B) biaxial strength test for dental for small CAD/CAM block in the context of the size effect on strength predicted by the Weibull theory. METHODS: Eight representative chairside CAD/CAM materials ranging from polycrystalline zirconia (e...
November 21, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875055/intraoral-repair-of-a-glass-ceramic-restoration-with-nanohybrid-ormocers-a-case-report
#5
Juergen Manhart, Iris Frasheri
The interest in repairing failed restorations has been growing; such a procedure may prolong the life span of defective direct and indirect dental restorations. The intraoral repair using resin-based composite materials has major benefits, as it preserves the main body of the restoration, avoids unnecessary removal of sound tooth structure, is an easy and fast treatment, avoids additional appointments, and is inexpensive. This case report demonstrates the use of nanohybrid Ormocer®, or organically modified ceramic, materials...
November 2016: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832968/fifteen-year-survival-of-anterior-all-ceramic-cantilever-resin-bonded-fixed-dental-prostheses
#6
Matthias Kern
PURPOSE: The aim of this follow-up study was to report the long-term outcome of all-ceramic cantilever resin-bonded fixed dental prostheses (RBFDPs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 16 patients (mean age of 33.3±17.5years) 22 RBFDPs made from a glass-infiltrated alumina ceramic (In-Ceram) were inserted with a phosphate monomer containing luting agent after air-abrasion of the retainer wings. The abutment preparation included a shallow groove on the cingulum and a small proximal box...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828156/preparation-and-characterizations-of-nd-yag-ceramic-derived-silica-fibers-drawn-by-post-feeding-molten-core-approach
#7
Shupei Zheng, Jiang Li, Chunlei Yu, Qinling Zhou, Danping Chen
This paper presents a novel molten core approach - post-feeding molten core approach - to draw Nd:YAG ceramic derived silica fibers. This technique can effectively mitigate the diffusion of silica from cladding. The diffused silica concentrations decrease from 73.76 wt.% to 45.08 wt.% at the center of cores, by using the post-feeding method. Micro-Raman spectra indicate that the core materials of those fibers are amorphous and maintain an environment similar to YAG glass. The output laser power and slope efficiency are greatly improved...
October 17, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828073/method-for-end-face-treatment-of-specialty-optical-fiber-with-thick-walled-silica-glass-tubes
#8
Xinyang Su, Yi Zheng, Junpeng Yang, Qingling Li, Jianwei Li
A "cleaving-polishing" process for end-face treatment of specialty fiber supported by thick-walled silica glass tubes is proposed. The fiber tension is determined by the fiber fracture theory for improved cleaving. This method overcomes polishing problems caused by steel or ceramic ferrules. Approximately 20 min on average is required for polishing a specialty fiber end face with a sampling roughness of 7.42 nm, confirmed by microscopy (400×) and interferometry. A comparison of laser coupling efficiencies between fibers with cleaved ends and fibers with polished ends showed that the coupling efficiency of the former could be enhanced by 15% through polishing...
October 10, 2016: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818564/recycling-of-inorganic-waste-in-monolithic-and-cellular-glass-based-materials-for-structural-and-functional-applications
#9
REVIEW
Acacio Rincón, Mauro Marangoni, Suna Cetin, Enrico Bernardo
The stabilization of inorganic waste of various nature and origin, in glasses, has been a key strategy for environmental protection for the last decades. When properly formulated, glasses may retain many inorganic contaminants permanently, but it must be acknowledged that some criticism remains, mainly concerning costs and energy use. As a consequence, the sustainability of vitrification largely relies on the conversion of waste glasses into new, usable and marketable glass-based materials, in the form of monolithic and cellular glass-ceramics...
July 2016: Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815937/remineralizing-amorphous-calcium-phosphate-based-composite-resins-the-influence-of-inert-fillers-on-monomer-conversion-polymerization-shrinkage-and-microhardness
#10
Danijela Marović, Kristina Šariri, Nazif Demoli, Mira Ristić, Karl-Anton Hiller, Drago Škrtić, Martin Rosentritt, Gottfried Schmalz, Zrinka Tarle
AIM: To determine if the addition of inert fillers to a bioactive dental restorative composite material affects its degree of conversion (DC), polymerization shrinkage (PS), and microhardness (HV). METHODS: Three amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP)-based composite resins: without added fillers (0-ACP), with 10% of barium-glass fillers (Ba-ACP), and with 10% of silica fillers (Si-ACP), as well as commercial control (Ceram•X, Dentsply DeTrey) were tested in laboratory conditions...
October 31, 2016: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802733/dilatometer-setup-for-low-coefficient-of-thermal-expansion-materials-measurements-in-the-140-k-250-k-temperature-range
#11
Ruven Spannagel, Ines Hamann, Josep Sanjuan, Thilo Schuldt, Martin Gohlke, Ulrich Johann, Dennis Weise, Claus Braxmaier
Space applications demand light weight materials with excellent dimensional stability for telescopes, optical benches, optical resonators, etc. Glass-ceramics and composite materials can be tuned to reach very low coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) at different temperatures. In order to determine such CTEs, very accurate setups are needed. Here we present a dilatometer that is able to measure the CTE of a large variety of materials in the temperature range of 140 K to 250 K. The dilatometer is based on a heterodyne interferometer with nanometer noise levels to measure the expansion of a sample when applying small amplitude controlled temperature signals...
October 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799723/synthesis-and-luminescence-properties-of-tb-doped-labgeo5-and-gdbgeo5-glass-scintillators
#12
Christian Struebing, Gyuhyon Lee, Brent Wagner, Zhitao Kang
Borogermanate glasses show promise as scintillators due to their ability to incorporate high levels of heavy metal oxides without excessive loss of luminescent output intensity. Heavy metal oxide scintillating glasses of 50GeO2-25B2O3-(25-x)La2O3/Gd2O3-xTb2O3 (x=1,2,3,4) with the same stoichiometric composition of crystalline Tb doped LaBGeO5/GdBGeO5 were synthesized via the melt-quench method. Three times of higher light output under gamma ray excitation was observed from Tb doped GdBGeO5 based glass compared to LaBGeO5 glass due to efficient energy transfer between Gd-Tb pairs and higher luminescence efficiency in the GdBGeO5 glasses...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Alloys and Compounds
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773617/micro-shear-bond-strength-of-different-resin-cements-to-ceramic-glass-polymer-cad-cam-block-materials
#13
Isil Cekic-Nagas, Gulfem Ergun, Ferhan Egilmez, Pekka Kalevi Vallittu, Lippo Veli Juhana Lassila
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of hydrofluoric acid treatment on bond strength of resin cements to three different types of ceramic/glass containing CAD-CAM block composite materials. METHODS: CAD-CAM block materials of polymer infiltrated (Vita Enamic), resin nanoceramic (Lava Ultimate) and nanoceramic (Cerasmart) with a thickness of 1.5mm were randomly divided into two groups according to the surface treatment performed. In Group 1, specimens were wet-ground with silicon carbide abrasive papers up to no...
March 10, 2016: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765494/vitrification-of-incinerated-tannery-sludge-in-silicate-matrices-for-chromium-stabilization
#14
S Varitis, P Kavouras, E Pavlidou, E Pantazopoulou, G Vourlias, K Chrissafis, A I Zouboulis, Th Karakostas, Ph Komninou
The vitrification process was applied for the stabilization and solidification of a rich in chromium ash that was the by-product of incineration of tannery sludge. Six different batch compositions were produced, based on silica as the glass former and sodium and calcium oxides as flux agents. As-vitrified products (monoliths) were either composed of silicate matrices with separated from the melt Eskolaite (Cr2O3) crystallites or were homogeneous glasses (in one case). All as-vitrified products were thermally treated in order to transform them to partially crystallized, i...
October 17, 2016: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752133/abnormal-behavior-of-silica-doped-with-small-amounts-of-aluminum
#15
Jinling Liu, Yiguang Wang, Linan An
Silica is the most abundant mineral in the crust of the Earth. It has been demonstrated that the aluminum concentration in silica plays a key role in determining many properties of silica-based components. Although the alumina-silica system has been intensely studied, the effect of very small amounts of aluminum on the structure and properties of silica remains unclear. We report results of first principles calculations showing that small amounts of aluminum could be metastable when located in the center of Si-O rings without breaking the silica network...
October 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750402/processing-and-strengthening-of-58s-bioactive-glass-infiltrated-titania-scaffolds
#16
J Mesquita-Guimarães, M A Leite, J C M Souza, B Henriques, F S Silva, D Hotza, A R Boccaccini, M C Fredel
In this work, TiO2 ceramic scaffolds were fabricated by the replica method using polyurethane (PU) sponges. Suspensions with high solid content were used to achieve scaffolds with improved mechanical behavior. TiO2 ceramic suspensions were optimized by rheological studies using different additives. It was found that the composition with 0.5 wt% Darvan enhanced the covering of the sponge struts. PU sponges of 45 to 80 ppi (pore per inch) were well coated without clogging pores. A thermal treatment with varying holding times, temperatures and heating rates was adjusted...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734918/characterizing-the-residual-glass-in-a-mgo-al2o3-sio2-zro2-y2o3-glass-ceramic
#17
Sabrina Seidel, Christian Patzig, Wolfgang Wisniewski, Antje Gawronski, Yongfeng Hu, Thomas Höche, Christian Rüssel
The non-isochemical crystallization of glasses leads to glass-ceramics in which the chemical composition of the amorphous matrix differs from that of the parent glass. It is challenging to solely analyse the properties of these residual glassy phases because they frequently contain finely dispersed crystals. In this study, the composition of the residual glass matrix after the crystallization of a glass with the mol% composition 50.6 SiO2 · 20.7 MgO · 20.7 Al2O3 · 5.6 ZrO2 · 2.4 Y2O3 is analysed by scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) including energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDXS)...
October 13, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719700/-a-ten-year-clinical-study-of-cracked-teeth-restored-with-glass-ceramic-crowns
#18
X P Luo, Y Yuan, Y J Shi, D D Qian
Objective: To evaluate the clinic performance of high strength glass ceramic crowns for the painful cracked teeth during a 10-year observation period. Methods: Forty-two posterior teeth from 36 patients were diagnosed as having a crack, biting painful and sensitivity to cold were selected in the Department of Prosthodontic, Institute and Hospital of Stomatology, Nanjing University Medical School. The lost-wax hot pressed glass ceramic crowns were bonded on the minimally invasive prepared teeth by modern adhesive technology...
October 9, 2016: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717755/optical-properties-of-pre-colored-dental-monolithic-zirconia-ceramics
#19
Hee-Kyung Kim, Sung-Hun Kim
OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to evaluate the optical properties of recently marketed pre-colored monolithic zirconia ceramics and to compare with those of veneered zirconia and lithium disilicate glass ceramics. METHODS: Various shades of pre-colored monolithic zirconia, veneered zirconia, and lithium disilicate glass ceramic specimens were tested (17.0×17.0×1.5mm, n=5). CIELab color coordinates were obtained against white, black, and grey backgrounds with a spectrophotometer...
December 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701809/bioactive-and-inert-dental-glass-ceramics
#20
REVIEW
Maziar Montazerian, Edgar Dutra Zanotto
The global market for dental materials is predicted to exceed 10 billion dollars by 2020. The main drivers for this growth are easing the workflow of dentists and increasing the comfort of patients. Therefore, remarkable research projects have been conducted and are currently underway to develop improved or new dental materials with enhanced properties or that can be processed using advanced technologies, such as CAD/CAM or 3D printing. Among these materials, zirconia, glass or polymer-infiltrated ceramics, and glass-ceramics (GCs) are of great importance...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
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