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abdominal hernias

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159603/prophylactic-intraperitoneal-onlay-mesh-reinforcement-reduces-the-risk-of-incisional-hernia-two-year-results-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Philippe Brosi, Philippe M Glauser, Benjamin Speich, Samuel A Käser, Christoph A Maurer
BACKGROUND: Incisional hernias still are a major concern after laparotomy and are causing substantial morbidity. This study examines the feasibility, safety and incisional hernia rate of the use of a prophylactic intraperitoneal onlay mesh stripe (IPOM) to prevent incisional hernia following midline laparotomy. METHODS: This prospective, randomized controlled trial randomly allocated patients undergoing median laparotomy either to mass closure of the abdominal wall with a PDS-loop running suture reinforced by an intraperitoneal composite mesh stripe (Group A) or to the same procedure without the additional mesh stripe (Group B)...
November 20, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159208/a-rare-presentation-of-spigelian-hernia-involving-the-appendix
#2
Ling Xu, Gurjeet Dulku, Richard Ho
Spigelian hernia (SH) is a rare entity accounting for 1-2% of ventral abdominal wall hernias. Elusive clinical signs and symptoms pose a diagnostic challenge and a consequent risk of strangulation. We present an emergent case of a Spigelian hernia involving the appendix.
2017: European Journal of Radiology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158031/robot-assisted-renal-transplantation-using-the-retroperitoneal-approach-rart-with-more-than-one-year-follow-up-description-of-the-technique-and-results
#3
F Bruyère, B Pradère, B Faivre d'Arcier, J-M Boutin, M Buchler, N Brichart
OBJECTIVES: To describe the technique and report our first experience of robotic-assisted renal transplantation (RART) with more than one year follow up. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In our center the first case of RART was realized in October 2013 with a cadaveric graft. We used the combined extra- and intraperitoneal robot assisted laparoscopic route with extraperitoneal positioning of the graft and intraperitoneal transplantation. The patient was placed in the supine position with arms along the body; the robot came from the right inferior part of the patient...
November 17, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156231/acute-organoaxial-gastric-volvulus-a-massive-problem-with-a-twist-case-report
#4
Fadi Al Daoud, Gul Sachwani Daswani, Vinu Perinjelil, Tina Nigam
INTRODUCTION: Gastric volvulus (GV) is a rare and life threatening condition if not treated promptly or wrongly diagnosed. The main complication of gastric volvulus is foregut obstruction. The extreme rotation can cut off blood supply to the stomach and even distal organs, which can lead to ischemia and necrosis of the affected area. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a 41yo female that complained of severe abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting for approximately 3days after eating a large meal...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152282/incarcerated-giant-uterine-leiomyoma-within-an-incisional-hernia-a-case-report
#5
Georgios Exarchos, Nikolaos Vlahos, Dionysios Dellaportas, Linda Metaxa, Theodosios Theodosopoulos
Uterine leiomyomas presenting as incarcerated or strangulated hernias in surgical emergencies are extremely rare and should be considered in the differential diagnosis in patients with known uterine fibroids and an irreducible ventral abdominal wall hernia. Detailed history and multidisciplinary approach optimize the diagnosis and decision making toward surgical treatment.
November 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151228/previously-implanted-intra-peritoneal-mesh-increases-morbidity-during-re-laparoscopy-a-retrospective-case-matched-cohort-study
#6
A Sharma, P Chowbey, N S Kantharia, M Baijal, V Soni, R Khullar
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic ventral hernia repair (LVHR) with intra-peritoneal mesh placement is standard surgical treatment of abdominal wall hernias. During laparoscopic re-intervention, we examined adhesions that develop after previous intra-peritoneal mesh placement and ascertained morbidity and risk of adverse events. METHODS: This is a retrospective, case-matched comparison of three patient groups-previous intra-peritoneal mesh (Group A), previous abdominal surgery (Group B) and no previous abdominal surgery (Group C)...
November 18, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145243/obstructive-internal-hernia-caused-by-mesodiverticular-bands-in-children-two-case-reports-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
Mirko Bertozzi, Berardino Melissa, Elisa Magrini, Giuseppe Di Cara, Susanna Esposito, Antonino Apignani
INTRODUCTION: The mesodiverticular band (MDB) is an embryologic remnant of the vitelline circulation, which carries the arterial supply to the Meckel diverticulum. In the event of an error of involution, a patent or nonpatent arterial band persists and extends from the mesentery to the apex of the antimesenteric diverticulum. This creates a snare-like opening through which bowel loops may herniate and become obstructed. This report describes 2 rare cases of small bowel occlusion owing to an internal hernia caused by a MDB...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143906/surgery-for-diverticular-disease-results-in-a-higher-hernia-rate-compared-to-colorectal-cancer-a-population-based-study-from-ontario-canada
#8
E S Tang, D I Robertson, M Whitehead, J Xu, S F Hall
BACKGROUND: Incisional hernias are a well described complication of abdominal surgery. Previous studies identified malignancy and diverticular disease as risk factors. We compared incisional hernia rates between colon resection for colorectal cancer (CRC) and diverticular disease (DD). STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective, population-based, matched cohort study. Provincial databases were linked through the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences. These databases include all patients registered under the universal Ontario Health Insurance Plan...
November 16, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131768/from-inguinal-hernias-to-spermatic-cord-lipomas-pearls-pitfalls-and-mimics-of-abdominal-and-pelvic-hernias
#9
Miguel C Cabarrus, Benjamin M Yeh, Andrew S Phelps, Jao J Ou, Spencer C Behr
Abdominal and pelvic hernias may be indolent and detected incidentally, manifest acutely with pain and distress, or cause chronic discomfort. Physical examination findings are often ambiguous and insufficient for optimal triage. Therefore, accurate anatomic delineation and identification of complications are critical for effective treatment planning. Imaging, particularly computed tomography, provides a vital understanding of the hernia's location and size, involved viscera, and severity of associated complications...
November 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130015/jejunal-diverticular-perforation-causing-small-bowel-obstruction-in-a-type-4-hiatal-hernia-a-rare-case-report-of-a-nonagenarian-patient-and-review-of-relevant-literature
#10
Saptarshi Biswas, Shekhar Gogna, Prem Patel
Type IV paraesophageal hernia (PEH) is very rare and is characterized by the intrathoracic herniation of the abdominal viscera other than the stomach into the chest. We describe a case of a 90-year-old male patient who presented at our emergency department complaining of epigastric pain that he had experienced over the past few hours and getting progressively worse. On the day after admission, his pain became severe. Chest radiography revealed an intrathoracic intestinal gas bubble; emergency exploratory laparotomy identified a type IV PEH with herniation of only the jejunum with perforated diverticula on mesenteric side through a hiatal defect into mediastinum...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127919/a-case-report-of-a-de-garengeot-hernia-in-a-nonagenarian-veteran
#11
Luis R Taveras, Sergio Huerta
INTRODUCTION: A hernia containing the vermiform appendix [de Garengeot hernia (DGH)] is an exceedingly rare event. Appendicitis occurring in this setting if further unusual. Most cases of DGH are made during inguinal exploration. In the present report, we discuss a patient who underwent an operation which revealed a DGH with appendicitis. PRESENTATION OF A CASE: A 94-year-old man with a past medical history significant for hypertension and Parkinson's disease was admitted to the hospital for the management of an event of CHF exacerbation...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123935/symptomatic-bochdalek-hernia-in-pregnancy-a-rare-case-report
#12
Selçuk Yetkinel, Çağhan Pekşen, Remzi Kızıltan
Introduction: Symptomatic Bochdalek hernia in pregnancy is quite rare. To the best of our knowledge, there are a total of 44 cases reported in the literature between 1959 and 2016 (Hernández-Aragon et al., 2015; Koca et al., 2016). Difficulty and delay in diagnosis may lead to life-threatening complications. Case Report: We report a case of Bochdalek hernia during the 30 gestational weeks' pregnancy in whom pregnancy continued after surgical repair which resulted in term birth...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123864/right-sided-bochdalek-hernia-in-an-elderly-patient-a-case-review-of-adult-bochdalek-hernias-from-1982-to-2015-in-japan
#13
Yasuhiro Ohtsuka, Tiberiu H Suzuki
Case: An 89-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of dyspnea following abdominal pain and vomiting. According to chest computed tomography findings, a diagnosis of acute respiratory failure due to right-sided Bochdalek hernia was made. Outcome: Emergency laparotomy revealed that a bowel loop from the terminal ileum to the transverse colon had herniated into the right thoracic cavity through the foramen of Bochdalek. The herniated organs were reduced to the abdominal cavity and the foramen was repaired by direct suturing...
April 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118872/demographic-endoscopic-and-histopathologic-features-among-stool-h-pylori-positive-and-stool-h-pylori-negative-patients-with-dyspepsia
#14
Mohamed Hassan Emara, Rasha Ibrahim Salama, Amira Amin Salem
Background: Dyspepsia is a common presentation for many patients in gastroenterology clinics. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is endemic in many countries around the world and its relation to dyspepsia has long been questioned. This study aimed at comparing demographic, endoscopic and histologic features among dyspeptic patients with and without stool H. pylori antigen positivity. Methods: One hundred and fifty-one consecutive patients with dyspepsia were divided into group I (n = 80) and group II (n = 71) according to positive or negative H...
October 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115904/transmesenteric-hernia-a-rare-case-of-acute-abdominal-pain-in-children-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Edward Willems, Bart Willaert, Sam Van Slycke
In this report, we discuss the case of an 11-year old girl presenting with acute abdominal pain caused by gangrene of a large part of the small bowel. During urgent surgical exploration, the cause of gangrene appeared to be herniation of the small bowel through a congenital defect in the mesentery with subsequent strangulation. A resection was performed leaving the patient with only 130 cm of small bowel remaining. Transmesenteric hernia is a rare type of internal herniation consisting of a small congenital defect in the small bowel mesentery through which the intestine can herniate and subsequently become strangulated...
November 8, 2017: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115064/broad-ligament-hernia-successfully-repaired-by-single-incision-laparoscopy-a-case-report
#16
Hiroshi Takeyama, Yuya Kogita, Takahiko Nishigaki, Masafumi Yamashita, Eriko Aikawa, Minako Hoshi, Hirokazu Taniguchi, Yasuki Maruyama, Kazuhiro Nakajima, Yoshimitsu Yamamoto, Kazushige Adachi, Hitoshi Yamamoto, Kimimasa Ikeda, Eiji Kurokawa
A 52-year-old woman with a history of two parturitions presented with lower abdominal pain. Multi-detector CT of the abdomen showed discontinuity of the sigmoid colon near the broad ligament on the left side. We assigned a provisional diagnosis of an internal hernia progressing through a defect in the broad ligament. SILS revealed a total broad ligament defect on the left side but no signs of ischemic, necrotic bowel. We successfully repaired the broad ligament defect with suturing. At the 2-month follow-up, the patient remained well with no signs of recurrence...
November 8, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109391/occult-spigelian-hernia-presenting-as-inability-to-complete-colon-cancer-screening-in-a-patient-with-a-history-of-rectal-cancer
#17
Daniel Persinger, Marc D Basson
BACKGROUND While it is well known that abdominal wall hernias can pose obstacles for colonoscopy, these may not be obvious in obese patients, particularly when the hernia is in an unusual place. CASE REPORT A 62-year-old man presented with inability to complete colon cancer screening by means of colonoscopy or barium enema. On exam, he was noted to have a Spigelian hernia present in his left lower quadrant abdominal wall. CT colonography identified incarcerated sigmoid colon within the hernia accounting for his inability to complete colonoscopy or barium enema...
November 7, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108870/is-two-port-laparoendoscopic-single-site-surgery-t-less-feasible-for-pediatric-hydroceles-single-center-experience-with-the-initial-59-cases
#18
Furan Wang, Tiejun Shou, Hongji Zhong
INTRODUCTION: Although T-LESS is increasingly being used to treat pediatric inguinal hernia, there is no study regarding T-LESS for pediatric hydrocele. OBJECTIVE: To further evaluate the feasibility of T-LESS and present our single-center experience for repair of pediatric hydroceles. STUDY DESIGN: From January 2016 to July 2016, all boys undergoing T-LESS for hydrocele in our institute were retrospectively reviewed. A laparoscope and a needle-holding forceps were introduced at umbilicus...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103209/internal-hernia-after-proximal-gastrectomy-with-jejunal-interposition
#19
Yuichi Takayama, Yuji Kaneoka, Atsuyuki Maeda, Yasuyuki Fukami, Takamasa Takahashi, Shunsuke Onoe, Masahito Uji
Although internal hernia (IH) has been reported after laparoscopic distal or total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction, there are few reports of IH after proximal gastrectomy with jejunal interposition (PG-JI). The aim of this study was to analyze the incidence and clinical features of IH after PG-JI. This study retrospectively reviewed 71 patients who underwent PG-JI for gastric cancer at a single institution between July 2007 and December 2016. The median follow-up period after PG-JI was 50 months...
November 4, 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102485/adhesive-internal-hernia-multidetector-ct-findings-and-clinical-relevance
#20
C-Y Lu, M Xu, J Lin, Y Chen, Y Gao, Z-F Wang, Z-W Zhao, J-J Song, H-F Que, J-J Ji
AIM: To review the clinical and multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) features of adhesive internal hernias (IHs) and to ascertain specific MDCT criteria to assist in the diagnosis of adhesive IHs and the early detection of intestinal strangulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records and preoperative abdominal MDCT findings of 34 patients with surgically confirmed abdominal adhesive IHs were analysed retrospectively. RESULTS: The specific MDCT features of adhesive IHs included the following: dislocating and clustering of intestinal segments (100%); stretching and crowding of the mesenteric vessels (100%); presence of hernial orifice (88...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Radiology
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