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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156718/interleukin-31-and-thymic-stromal-lymphopoietin-expression-in-plasma-and-lymph-node-from-hodgkin-lymphoma-patients
#1
Elisa Ferretti, Stefan Hohaus, Arianna Di Napoli, Beatrice Belmonte, Annarosa Cuccaro, Elisa Cupelli, Eugenio Galli, Vittoria Rufini, Gino Tripodi, Giulio Fraternali-Orcioni, Vito Pistoia, Anna Corcione
Hodgkin Lymphoma (HL) is a tumor of B-cell origin characterized by Hodgkin and Reed-Stenberg (H/RS) cells embedded in an inflammatory tissue where numerous cytokines/chemokines contribute to shape the microenvironment, leading to the typical clinical symptoms. We investigated: i) the expression of Interleukin-IL-31 (IL-31) and Thymic Stromal Lymphopoietin (TSLP), two Th2-related cytokines with tumor-promoting and pruritogenic functions, and of the respective receptors in HL invaded lymph nodes by flow cytometry, and ii) the potential association of IL-31/TSLP plasma concentrations with clinical characteristics by ELISA...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156198/the-evolving-role-of-genomic-testing-in-assessing-prognosis-of-patients-with-myelodysplastic-syndromes
#2
REVIEW
David P Steensma
The introduction into routine hematology-oncology clinical practice of molecular genetic testing assays based on next-generation sequencing platforms is prompting reassessment of the importance of molecular assay results in comparison to existing disease-specific risk stratification tools based on clinical assessment and light microscopy. For patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), the most commonly used tools for prognostication currently include the International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) and the Revised IPSS (IPSS-R), which are based on marrow blast proportion, number and degree of cytopenias, and the metaphase karyotype...
December 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155984/cysteine-rich-angiogenic-inducer-61-cyr61-a-novel-soluble-biomarker-of-acute-myocardial-injury-improves-risk-stratification-after-acute-coronary-syndromes
#3
Roland Klingenberg, Soheila Aghlmandi, Christoph Liebetrau, Lorenz Räber, Baris Gencer, David Nanchen, David Carballo, Alexander Akhmedov, Fabrizio Montecucco, Stefan Zoller, Chad Brokopp, Dik Heg, Peter Jüni, Helena Marti Soler, Pedro-Manuel Marques-Vidal, Peter Vollenweider, Oliver Dörr, Nicolas Rodondi, François Mach, Stephan Windecker, Ulf Landmesser, Arnold von Eckardstein, Christian W Hamm, Christian M Matter, Thomas F Lüscher
Aims: We aimed to identify a novel biomarker involved in the early events leading to an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and evaluate its role in diagnosis and risk stratification. Methods and results: Biomarker identification was based on gene expression profiling. In coronary thrombi of ACS patients, cysteine-rich angiogenic inducer 61 (Cyr61, CCN1) gene transcripts were highly up-regulated compared with peripheral mononuclear cells. In a murine ischaemia-reperfusion model (I/R), myocardial Cyr61 expression was markedly increased compared with the controls...
November 16, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155520/high-expression-level-of-long-non-coding-rna-hotair-is-associated-with-poor-overall-survival-in-gastric-cancer-patients-evidence-from-meta-analysis
#4
Mingxu Da, Jichun Ma, Yongbin Zhang, Jian Yang, Jibin Yao, Boyuan Huang, Hong Ma, Long Ge
PURPOSE: Although several studies have investigated the association between the development of gastric cancer (GC) and the expression level of long non-coding (lnc) RNA HOTAIR, no clear evidence about whether its expression is associated with the overall survival (OS) of GC patients exists. In this study we tried to explore the association between lncRNA HOTAIR expression levels with OS and other clinical features in GC patients. METHODS: Databases including PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library were used to search eligible studies...
July 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155320/risk-assessment-in-adult-t-cell-leukemia-lymphoma-treated-with-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#5
Makoto Yoshimitsu, Ryuji Tanosaki, Koji Kato, Takashi Ishida, Ilseung Choi, Yoshifusa Takatsuka, Takahiro Fukuda, Tetsuya Eto, Michihiro Hidaka, Naoyuki Uchida, Toshihiro Miyamoto, Yasuhiro Nakashima, Yukiyoshi Moriuchi, Koji Nagafuji, Yasuhiko Miyazaki, Tatsuo Ichinohe, Minoko Takanashi, Yoshiko Atsuta, Atae Utsunomiya
Disease status at allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is an important pre-transplant prognostic factor of HCT in adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL); however, other prognostic factors, including comorbidities, were not predictive in small cohort analyses. Several scoring systems (HCT-comorbidity index [CI]/modified European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation risk score [mEBMT]) have been adopted to predict HCT outcomes in other hematological malignancies. We retrospectively evaluated HCT-CI and mEBMT to predict non-relapse mortality (NRM) in 824 ATL patients registered in the Japan Society for Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation TRUMP database, from 2008 until 2013...
November 16, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154965/noninvasive-assessment-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-clinical-prediction-rules-and-blood-based-biomarkers
#6
REVIEW
Eduardo Vilar-Gomez, Naga Chalasani
The correct identification of patients at increased risk of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and advanced fibrosis is a critical step in the assessment of NAFLD. Since liver biopsy is invasive, expensive and prone to sampling error, several clinical prediction rules and blood-based biomarkers have been developed as an attractive and affordable alternatives to guide clinicians to identify patients at high risk of NASH and advanced fibrosis. Current biomarkers constitute predictive models (e.g., NAFLD fibrosis score, FIB-4 index and BARD score) or direct measures of inflammation (e...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154285/prediction-of-alzheimer-s-dementia-in-patients-with-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-clinical-routine-incremental-value-of-biomarkers-of-neurodegeneration-and-brain-amyloidosis-added-stepwise-to-cognitive-status
#7
Catharina Lange, Per Suppa, Uwe Pietrzyk, Marcus R Makowski, Lothar Spies, Oliver Peters, Ralph Buchert
The aim of this study was to evaluate the incremental benefit of biomarkers for prediction of Alzheimer's disease dementia (ADD) in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) when added stepwise in the order of their collection in clinical routine. The model started with cognitive status characterized by the ADAS-13 score. Hippocampus volume (HV), cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) phospho-tau (pTau), and the FDG t-sum score in an AD-meta region-of-interest were compared as neurodegeneration markers. CSF-Aβ1-42 was used as amyloidosis marker...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154228/practical-prognostic-score-for-predicting-the-extent-of-resection-and-neurological-outcome-of-gliomas-in-the-sensorimotor-area
#8
Giannantonio Spena, Federico D'Agata, Pier Paolo Panciani, Luciano Buttolo, Michela Buglione di Monale Bastia, Marco Maria Fontanella
OBJECTIVE: In this prospective study, we assessed the utility of a novel prognostic score (PS) in guiding the surgical strategy of patients with sensorimotor area gliomas. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Form December 2012 to April 2016, we collected data from patients diagnosed with brain gliomas in the sensorimotor area. All the patients had intraoperatively confirmed contiguity or continuity with sensorimotor cortical and subcortical structures. Several clinical and radiological factors were analyzed to generate a PS for each patient (range 1-8)...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154015/albumin-bilirubin-grade-versus-meld-score-for-predicting-survival-after-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-tips-creation
#9
J Ronald, Q Wang, S S Choi, P V Suhocki, M D Hall, T P Smith, C Y Kim
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) grade and model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) scores for predicting survival after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of pre-procedure ALBI and MELD scores was performed in 197 patients who underwent TIPS from 2005 to 2012. There were 140 men and 57 women, with a mean age of 56±11 (SD) (range: 19-90years)...
November 16, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153898/the-significance-of-the-pd-l1-expression-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-trenchant-double-swords-as-predictive-and-prognostic-markers
#10
REVIEW
Kazuki Takada, Gouji Toyokawa, Fumihiro Shoji, Tatsuro Okamoto, Yoshihiko Maehara
Lung cancer is the leading cause of death due to cancer worldwide. Surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy have been the standard treatment for lung cancer, and targeted molecular therapy has greatly improved the clinical course of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring driver mutations, such as in epidermal growth factor receptor and anaplastic lymphoma kinase genes. Despite advances in such therapies, the prognosis of patients with NSCLC without driver oncogene mutations remains poor. Immunotherapy targeting programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) and programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) has recently been shown to improve the survival in advanced NSCLC...
October 28, 2017: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153826/performance-evaluation-of-phase-angle-and-handgrip-strength-in-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Taís Kereski da Silva, Ingrid Dalira Schweigert Perry, Janete Salles Brauner, Orlando Carlos Belmonte Weber, Gabriela Corrêa Souza, Sílvia Regina Rios Vieira
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The phase angle (PA), derived from bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), has been interpreted as a cell membrane integrity indicator, while handgrip strength (HGS) has been used as a prognostic indicator in certain clinical situations, such as in cardiac, oncologic patients with renal disease, hemodialysis patients, HIV-positive patients, and liver disease patients. In addition to prognostic scores, body changes due to surgical procedures indicate the importance of measuring muscle function and cell integrity...
November 16, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153753/an-easy-assessment-of-frailty-at-baseline-independently-predicts-prognosis-in-very-elderly-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes
#12
Oriol Alegre, Francesc Formiga, Ramón López-Palop, Francisco Marín, María T Vidán, Manuel Martínez-Sellés, Antoni Carol, Alessandro Sionis, Pablo Díez-Villanueva, Jaime Aboal, Anna Palau-Vendrel, Héctor Bueno, Angel Perez Rivera, Juan Sanchís, Emad Abu-Assi, Miguel Corbí, Juan C Castillo, Jordi Bañeras, Violeta González-Salvado, Àngel Cequier, Albert Ariza-Solé
BACKGROUND: Information about the impact of frailty in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) is scarce. No study has assessed the prognostic impact of frailty as measured by the FRAIL scale in very elderly patients with ACS. METHODS: The prospective multicenter LONGEVO-SCA registry included unselected patients with ACS aged 80 years or older. A comprehensive geriatric assessment was performed during hospitalization, including frailty assessment by the FRAIL scale...
November 16, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153576/coronary-artery-calcium-and-long-term%C3%A2-risk-of-death-myocardial%C3%A2-infarction-and-stroke-the-walter-reed-cohort-study
#13
Joshua D Mitchell, Robert Paisley, Patrick Moon, Eric Novak, Todd C Villines
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the long-term risk of death and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) outcomes, including stroke, in a real-world cohort that underwent coronary artery calcium (CAC) scoring. BACKGROUND: Large-scale, long-term studies assessing the independent relationship of CAC for prediction of ASCVD events, to include stroke, in young, low-risk patients are uncommon outside of the clinical trial setting. METHODS: A total of 23,637 consecutive subjects without ASCVD who underwent CAC scoring from 1997 to 2009 were studied...
November 10, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152134/combined-neutrophil-platelet-score-and-hemoglobin-level-predict-survival-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-patients-treated-with-chemoradiotherapy
#14
Chuanwang Miao, Shan Zhu, Hong Pan, Xiaolan Cao, Shuanghu Yuan, Xudong Hu
Systemic inflammation and hematological markers have prognostic value in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The objective of this study was to evaluate the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), combined neutrophil-platelet (CNP) score, and hemoglobin (Hb) to inform treatment decisions and predict outcomes in patients with locally advanced ESCC treated with chemoradiotherapy (CRT). A total of 168 patients with locally advanced ESCC were retrospectively evaluated...
October 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152083/programmed-cell-death-1-expression-is-associated-with-inferior-survival-in-patients-with-primary-central-nervous-system-lymphoma
#15
Hyunsoo Cho, Se Hoon Kim, Soo-Jeong Kim, Jong Hee Chang, Woo-Ick Yang, Chang-Ok Suh, Yu Ri Kim, Ji Eun Jang, June-Won Cheong, Yoo Hong Min, Jin Seok Kim
Programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) and its ligands PD-L1/PD-L2 have been shown to mediate immune evasion in various cancers, but their prognostic implications in patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) are poorly understood. Therefore, we analyzed 76 PCNSL patients at initial diagnosis who were treated homogenously with high-dose methotrexate-based chemotherapy, and evaluated the prognostic roles of high immunohistochemical PD-1, PD-L1, and PD-L2 expression. The cut-off values for high PD-1 (≥ 70 cells/high power field [HPF]), PD-L1 (≥ 100 cells/HPF), and PD-L2 (≥ 100 cells/HPF) were determined by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve...
October 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151970/ki67-proliferation-index-as-a-histopathological-predictive-and-prognostic-parameter-of-oral-mucosal-melanoma-in-patients-without-distant-metastases
#16
Xuhui Ma, Yunteng Wu, Tian Zhang, Hao Song, Houyu Jv, Wei Guo, Guoxin Ren
Background: To investigate the relationship between clinical and histopathological characteristics and overall survival of patients with oral mucosal melanoma (OMM) without distal metastasis in order to provide predictive prognostic information of OMM. Methods: Ki67 expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry in 123 patients with OMM without distant metastases. The associations between Ki67 expression and clinical features and overall survival (OS) of patients were statistically analyzed. The Ki67 levels of the primary and recurrent lesions from 14 OMM patients were compared...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151960/r-e-n-a-l-nephrometry-score-a-preoperative-risk-factor-predicting-the-fuhrman-grade-of-clear-cell-renal-carcinoma
#17
Shao-Hao Chen, Yu-Peng Wu, Xiao-Dong Li, Tian Lin, Qing-Yong Guo, Ye-Hui Chen, Jin-Bei Huang, Yong Wei, Xue-Yi Xue, Qing-Shui Zheng, Ning Xu
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of the R.E.N.A.L. Nephrometry Score to postoperatively predict high-grade clear-cell renal carcinoma (ccRCC). Methods: The study included 288 patients diagnosed with ccRCC who had complete CT/CTA data and R.E.N.A.L. Nephrometry Scores and underwent renal surgery at our center between January 2012 and December 2015. The relationship between the pathological grade of renal masses and R.E.N.A.L. Nephrometry Score was evaluated. Results: Univariate analysis indicated that diagnostic modality, cystic necrosis, enlargement of the regional lymph node, distant metastasis, clinical T stage, TNM stage, surgical modality, tumor size, nearness of the tumor to the collecting system or sinus, total Nephrometry Score and individual anatomic descriptor components were significantly associated with postoperative tumor grade (P < 0...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151934/development-and-validation-of-a-nomogram-to-predict-the-benefit-of-adjuvant-radiotherapy-for-patients-with-resected-gastric-cancer
#18
Shu-Qiang Yuan, Wen-Jing Wu, Miao-Zhen Qiu, Zi-Xian Wang, Lu-Ping Yang, Ying Jin, Jing-Ping Yun, Yuan-Hong Gao, Yu-Hong Li, Zhi-Wei Zhou, Feng Wang, Rui-Hua Xu
Background: The US guidelines for gastric cancer (GC) recommend adjuvant radiotherapy (ART) combined with 5-fluorouracil as a standard treatment for patients with resected locally advanced GC. However, patient selection criteria for optimizing the use of adjuvant therapies are lacking. In this study, we developed and validated a nomogram to predict the individualized overall survival (OS) benefit of ART among patients with resected ≥stage IB GC. Patients and Methods: The 2002-2006 Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) data of 5,206 patients with resected GC were used as a training set for the development of a nomogram...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151518/prognostic-factors-in-the-acute-exacerbation-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-retrospective-single-center-study
#19
Kenichiro Atsumi, Yoshinobu Saito, Naoyuki Kuse, Kenichi Kobayashi, Toru Tanaka, Takeru Kashiwada, Minoru Inomata, Nariaki Kokuho, Hiroki Hayashi, Koichiro Kamio, Kazue Fujita, Shinji Abe, Arata Azuma, Kaoru Kubota, Akihiko Gemma
Objectives Acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF-AE) has been recognized as a fatal pulmonary disorder, but the exact prognostic factors are unknown. The aim of the present study was to analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with IPF-AE and identify the prognostic factors. Methods The medical records of 59 cases of IPF-AE were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical data, laboratory data, radiographic findings, treatment, and time from the onset of symptoms to the initiation of corticosteroid pulse therapy, i...
November 20, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151504/nomograms-to-predict-the-disease-free-survival-and-overall-survival-after-radiofrequency-ablation-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#20
Yoshitaka Takuma, Iwadou Shota, Hirokazu Miyatake, Shuji Uematsu, Ryouichi Okamoto, Yasuyuki Araki, Hiroyuki Takabatake, Youichi Morimoto, Hiroshi Yamamoto
Purpose The purpose of this study was to construct nomograms for the disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) of post-radiofrequency ablation (RFA) patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Furthermore, we compared the prognostic predictive ability of these nomograms for estimating per-patient outcomes with that of traditional staging systems. Methods We retrospectively enrolled 298 patients in the training set and 272 patients in the validation set who underwent RFA for HCC. The nomograms for the DFS and OS were constructed from the training set using the multivariate Cox proportional hazards model...
November 20, 2017: Internal Medicine
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