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Molar endo

I Kaşıkçı Bilgi, I Köseler, P Güneri, M Hülsmann, M K Çalışkan
AIM: To compare the amount of apically extruded debris and of remaining filling material during the removal of root canal filling material using three rotary NiTi retreatment instruments or Hedström files. METHODOLOGY: Ninety-six severely curved human molars of both jaws were selected. The root canals were prepared to size X2 (tip size 25, .06 taper) using the ProTaper Next system (Dentsply Sirona, Ballaigues, Switzerland), filled with gutta-percha and AH Plus sealer (Dentsply De Trey, Konstanz, Germany) and then randomly divided into four experimental groups (n = 24 each) with two subgroups of maxillary and mandibular teeth each...
October 5, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
Yasushi Adachi, Masanori Nojima, Mitsuru Mori, Yasutaka Matsunaga, Noriyuki Akutsu, Shigeru Sasaki, Takao Endo, Youichi Kurozawa, Kenji Wakai, Akiko Tamakoshi
Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF1) is a potent mitogen. IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP3) binds and inhibits IGF1. High circulating IGF1 levels and low IGFBP3 levels are associated with increased risk of several cancers. We examined relationships between serum levels of these factors and hepatoma risk in a case-control study nested in a prospective cohort study (the Japan Collaborative Cohort Study (JACC Study)). A baseline survey was conducted from 1988 to 1990, and 39,242 subjects donated blood samples. Participants diagnosed with hepatoma by 1997 were considered cases for nested case-control studies...
November 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Flávio R F Alves, Carlos V Andrade-Junior, Marília F Marceliano-Alves, Alejandro R Pérez, Isabela N Rôças, Marco A Versiani, Manoel D Sousa-Neto, José C Provenzano, José F Siqueira
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the disinfecting ability of chemomechanical preparation with rotary nickel-titanium instruments, followed by 2 distinct adjunctive procedures in the root canals of extracted mandibular molars by means of a correlative analytical approach. METHODS: Twenty-two extracted mandibular molars were selected and anatomically matched between groups on the basis of micro-computed tomographic analysis. In the first phase of the experiment, root canals were contaminated with Enterococcus faecalis and subjected to chemomechanical preparation with BT RaCe instruments and 2...
November 2016: Journal of Endodontics
Chika Hirakata, Sugako Sanpei, Shinya Sanpei, Satoshi Tanaka, Toshiya Endo, Tsuneo Sekimoto
This study was conducted to investigate the association between symmetrical agenesis of the mandibular third molars and agenesis of other teeth in Japanese orthodontic patients. A sample of 64 patients with symmetrical agenesis of the mandibular third molars and without agenesis of the maxillary third molars was selected as the third molar agenesis group. In addition, 585 patients with all 4 third molars were selected as controls. The main materials examined for diagnosis of tooth agenesis were panoramic radiographs...
2016: Journal of Oral Science
Prasanna Neelakantan, Sharmila Devaraj, Nithya Jagannathan
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a new irrigation system (EndoIrrigator Plus; Innovations Endo, Nasik, India) using a histologic method ex vivo. METHODS: Mandibular molars with a normal pulp extracted for periodontal reasons (N = 68) were assessed for the presence of an isthmus using cone-beam computed tomographic imaging. Root canals of the included molars (n = 40) were instrumented up to a ProTaper F2 instrument (Dentsply Maillefer, Baillagues, Switzerland) using 3% sodium hypochlorite as irrigant in a closed apical design...
August 2016: Journal of Endodontics
Flávio R F Alves, Marília F Marceliano-Alves, Júlio Cézar N Sousa, Stephanie B Silveira, José C Provenzano, José F Siqueira
INTRODUCTION: This study compared the efficacy of a reciprocating single-instrument system and a rotary multi-instrument system followed by a supplementary approach with a finishing instrument in removing the filling material from curved canals during retreatment. METHODS: Forty mesial canals from extracted mandibular molars were instrumented and filled. Then, each mesial canal was retreated by using either Reciproc (VDW, Munich, Germany) or Mtwo (VDW) instruments, alternating the technique used per canal from root to root...
July 2016: Journal of Endodontics
Amr M Elnaghy, Ayman Mandorah, Shaymaa E Elsaka
The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of the XP-endo Finisher (FKG Dentaire SA, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland) file on debris and smear layer removal in curved root canals in comparison to different irrigation regimens. Seventy-five freshly extracted human mandibular molar teeth with mesial root curved more than 20° were used in this study. The mesial root canals were mechanically prepared using the BT-Race rotary system (FKG Dentaire) and divided into five groups (n = 15) according to the following irrigation techniques: positive control, non-agitated, File agitation, XP-endo Finisher, and EndoActivator (Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialities, Tulsa, OK, USA)...
May 20, 2016: Odontology
G B Leoni, M A Versiani, Y T Silva-Sousa, J F B Bruniera, J D Pécora, M D Sousa-Neto
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of four final irrigation protocols on the reduction of hard-tissue debris accumulated within the mesial root canal system of mandibular first molars using micro-CT analysis. METHODOLOGY: Forty mesial roots of mandibular molars with a single and continuous isthmus connecting the mesiobuccal and mesiolingual canals (Vertucci's Type I configuration) were selected and scanned at a resolution of 8.6 μm. Canals were enlarged sequentially using WaveOne Small and Primary instruments activated in reciprocating motion without intracanal irrigation to allow debris to accumulate within the mesial root canal system...
March 18, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
Sivil Kopilevich, Achim Müller, Ira A Weinstock
Using the hydrolysis of epoxides in water as a model reaction, the effect of multiple active sites on Michaelis-Menten compliant rate accelerations in a porous capsule is demonstrated. The capsule is a water-soluble Ih-symmetry Keplerate-type complex of the form, [{Mo(VI)6O21(H2O)6}12{Mo(V)2O4(L)}30](42-), in which 12 pentagonal "ligands," {(Mo(VI))Mo(VI)5O21(H2O)6}(6-), are coordinated to 30 dimolybdenum sites, {Mo(V)2O4L}(1+) (L = an endohedrally coordinated η(2)-bound carboxylate anion), resulting in 20 Mo9O9 pores...
October 14, 2015: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Barry V McCleary, Paraic McGeough
The most commonly used method for the measurement of the level of endo-xylanase in commercial enzyme preparations is the 3,5-dinitrosalicylic acid (DNS) reducing sugar method with birchwood xylan as substrate. It is well known that with the DNS method, much higher enzyme activity values are obtained than with the Nelson-Somogyi (NS) reducing sugar method. In this paper, we have compared the DNS and NS reducing sugar assays using a range of xylan-type substrates and accurately compared the molar response factors for xylose and a range of xylo-oligosaccharides...
November 2015: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Chika Endo, Yoshiko Ito, Chika Akabane, Yukihiro Kaneko, Hideki Sakai
A new mechanism of spontaneous emulsification without any salts or co-solvents is described, and is related to the dilatational behavior. Spontaneous emulsification can reduce the time required to remove oily soils from hard surfaces and enhance the detergency, because this type of emulsification requires no external mechanical work. In this paper, we focused on triolein, the main component of food oils and human sebum soil, and tried to induce spontaneous emulsification by using mixed micellar solutions of sodium polyoxyethylene alkyl ether sulfate and N, N-dimethyldodecylamine oxide (AES/DDAO)...
2015: Journal of Oleo Science
Y J Qin, G D Zhang, Y Zhang, Y F Ping, C Y Zhao
AIM: To highlight the reversal of signs suggesting pulpal necrosis following removal of a mini-implant without endodontic intervention. SUMMARY: A 23-year-old woman presented with a class III malocclusion, with crowded and malformed teeth and excessive gingival display. During orthodontic treatment, a Tomas orthodontic miniscrew was placed between the root apices of the maxillary central incisors. This was carried out by an orthodontic specialist who had treated more than 700 patients (with more than 2000 mini-implants) over the past 9 years...
April 2016: International Endodontic Journal
Carolina Lopes Leivas, Marcello Iacomini, Lucimara M C Cordeiro
A structural characterization of polysaccharides obtained from edible tropical fruit named starfruit (Averrhoa carambola L.) was carried out. After fractionation by freeze-thaw and Fehling precipitation, a pectic polysaccharide was obtained. It was composed of rhamnose, arabinose, galactose and uronic acid in the 5.0:72.5:12.1:10.4 molar ratios, respectively. A combination of monosaccharide, GPC, methylation and NMR analysis and enzymatic hydrolysis with endo-β-(1→4)-D-galactanase showed the presence of a rhamnogalacturonan I to which a branched arabinan and a type I arabinogalactan are attached...
May 5, 2015: Carbohydrate Polymers
Zhan-hong Chen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical outcome of sonic endo-instruments in combination with Mtwo Ni-Ti files in root canal preparation of molars. METHODS: One hundred patients (118 first molars, 428 root canals) were included in this study, they were randomly assigned into 2 groups (n=50).Group 1 was shaped with sonic endo-instruments in combination with Mtwo Ni-Ti files,while group 2 was treated with stainless-steel files, both groups were obturated with lateral condensation technique...
October 2014: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
Hanguo Wang, Dan Li, Yu Tian, Qing Yu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome and the potential prognostic factors of apical microsurgery. METHODS: The teeth with persistent periapical diseases were treated by microsurgery using micro instruments, ultrasonic retrotips and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) under dental operate microscope. The procedure includes incision and flap retraction, osteotomy, apicoectomy, retro- preparation and retro- filling of root canal. Patients were recalled at 1, 3, 6, and 12- month intervals...
July 2014: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
Daisuke Ekuni, Toshiki Yoneda, Yasumasa Endo, Kenta Kasuyama, Koichiro Irie, Shinsuke Mizutani, Tetsuji Azuma, Takaaki Tomofuji, Manabu Morita
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial stress is one of the risk factors for atherosclerosis. As occlusal disharmony induces psychological stress, we hypothesized that psychological stress by occlusal disharmony accelerates atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of occlusal disharmony on the initiation of atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E (apoE) knockout rats. METHODS: Fourteen male apoE-knockout rats (age; 8 weeks) (Sprague-Dawley strain background) were divided into two groups of seven rats: the occlusal disharmony group and the no treatment (control) group...
2014: Lipids in Health and Disease
I D Capar, H Arslan, H Ertas, T Gök, G Saygılı
AIM: To compare the effectiveness of ProTaper Universal retreatment instruments with continuous rotation and adaptive motion (AM; a modified reciprocating motion that combines rotational and reciprocating motion) in the removal of filling material. METHODOLOGY: Mesiobuccal root canals in 36 mandibular first molars were instrumented up to size F2 with the ProTaper Universal instrument (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland) and filled using sealer and ProTaper Universal F2 gutta-percha cones...
January 2015: International Endodontic Journal
Hacer Aksel, Ahmet Serper
Pulpal and periodontal problems are responsible for more than half of the tooth mortality. There are some articles published in the literature about this issue. Many of them are quite old. There has been also lack of knowledge about the effect of endodontic treatment on the periodontal tissue healing and suitable treatment interval between endodontic and periodontal treatments. In this case report, different kinds of endo-perio lesion were treated with sequential endodontic and periodontal treatment. The follow-up radiographs showed complete healing of the hard and soft tissue lesions...
February 2014: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Satoshi Endo, Kai-Uwe Goss
The environmental behavior, fate, and effects of polyfluorinated compounds (PFCs) and organosilicon compounds (OSCs) have received increasing attention in recent years. In this study, polyparameter linear free energy relationships (PP-LFERs) were evaluated for predicting partition coefficients of neutral PFCs and OSCs, using experimental data for fluorotelomer alcohols (FTOHs) and cyclic volatile methylsiloxanes (cVMS) reported in the literature and measured newly for this work. It was found that the recently proposed PP-LFER model that uses the McGowan characteristic volume (V), the logarithmic hexadecane-air partition coefficient (L), and three polar interaction descriptors can accurately describe partition coefficients of PFCs and OSCs...
2014: Environmental Science & Technology
Christoph Gütz, Rainer Hovorka, Christoph Klein, Qian-Qian Jiang, Christoph Bannwarth, Marianne Engeser, Carsten Schmuck, Wilfried Assenmacher, Werner Mader, Filip Topić, Kari Rissanen, Stefan Grimme, Arne Lützen
Coordination-driven self-assembly is one of the most powerful strategies to prepare nanometer-sized discrete (supra)molecular assemblies. Herein, we report on the use of two constitutionally isomeric BINOL-based bis(pyridine) ligands for this purpose. Upon coordination to Pd(II) ions these self-assemble into enantiomerically pure endo- and exo-functionalized hexa- and dodecanuclear metallosupramolecular spheres with a chiral skeleton depending on the substitution pattern of the BINOL core. These aggregates were characterized by NMR, MS, DLS, TEM, and EELS as well as ECD...
February 3, 2014: Angewandte Chemie
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