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Hepatocellular cancer surgery

Alessandro Cucchetti, Alberta Cappelli, Giorgio Ercolani, Cristina Mosconi, Matteo Cescon, Rita Golfieri, Antonio Daniele Pinna
BACKGROUND: Many patients with primary liver cancers are not candidates for surgery, and systemic therapies are seldom effective. Selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) has been shown to obtain partial and even complete response in unresectable primary tumors. As a "side effect", SIRT can induce contra-lateral liver hypertrophy. Tumor response to SIRT can be sufficient to allow disengagement from normal vital structures whose involvement is the cause of the initial unresectability...
October 2016: Liver Cancer
Ming-Chih Ho, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Xiao-Ping Chen, Hiroaki Nagano, Young-Joo Lee, Gar-Yang Chau, Jian Zhou, Chih-Chi Wang, Young Rok Choi, Ronnie Tung-Ping Poon, Norihiro Kokudo
BACKGROUND: The Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging and treatment strategy does not recommended surgery for treating BCLC stage B and C hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, numerous Asia-Pacific institutes still perform surgery for this patient group. This consensus report from the 5th Asia-Pacific Primary Liver Cancer Expert Meeting aimed to share opinions and experiences pertaining to liver resection for intermediate and advanced HCCs and to provide evidence to issue recommendations for surgery in this patient group...
October 2016: Liver Cancer
Cheng Shuqun, Chen Minshan, Cai Jianqiang, The National Research Cooperative Group For Diagnosis And Treatment Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma With Tumor Thrombus
Hepatocellular carcinoma is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related morbidity and mortality in China. Portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) is common and it worsens prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). There is no internationally accepted consensus or guideline for diagnosis and treatment of HCC with PVTT. Based on existing evidences and common current practices, Chinese Experts on Multidisciplinary Diagnosis and Treatment of HCC with portal vein tumor thrombus met to develop a national consensus on diagnosis and treatment of HCC with PVTT...
October 21, 2016: Oncotarget
Hiroaki Nagata, Shuhei Komatsu, Wataru Takaki, Tokunari Okayama, Yasunori Sawabe, Michiaki Ishii, Mitsuo Kishimoto, Eigo Otsuji, Hiroshi Konosu
Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)-producing tumor is one of the rare types of cancer clinically characterized by an elevated fever and white blood cell (WBC) increment. Although G-CSF producing tumors have been reported in several types of cancer including those of the lungs, cervix and bladder, G-CSF producing hepatocellular carcinoma is extremely rare. Here, we report the case of a rapidly growing and poorly differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma producing G-CSF. The patient showed symptoms of continuous high fever, stomach pain and cough, and high serum WBC counts, C-reactive protein (CRP) and G-CSF levels were found in laboratory tests...
October 10, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
Nathalie Goutté, Philippe Sogni, Noelle Bendersky, Jean Claude Barbare, Bruno Falissard, Olivier Farges
BACKGROUND: Information on the incidence, management, and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is derived from population samples, regional data, or registries. Comprehensive national evaluations within a given country are lacking. METHODS: This observational study analysed data from French administrative databases for more than 30,000 patients with HCC diagnosed between 2009 and 2012, followed up to 2013. The incidence of HCC, access to surgery, and survival, at both the national level and two geographical levels (the 21 French regions and 95 French departments into which France is divided administratively), were determined...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
Wu-Yi Sun, Shan-Shan Hu, Jing-Jing Wu, Qiong Huang, Yang Ma, Qing-Tong Wang, Jing-Yu Chen, Wei Wei
β-arrestins, including β-arrestin1 and β-arrestin2, are multifunctional adaptor proteins. β-arrestins have recently been found to play new roles in regulating intracellular signalling networks associated with malignant cell functions. Altered β-arrestin expression has been reported in many cancers, but its role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is not clear. We therefore examined the roles of β-arrestins in HCC using an animal model of progressive HCC, HCC patient samples and HCC cell lines with stepwise metastatic potential...
October 19, 2016: Scientific Reports
Satoshi Nagayama, Suguru Hasegawa, Koya Hida, Kenji Kawada, Etsuro Hatano, Kojiro Nakamura, Satoru Seo, Kojiro Taura, Kentaro Yasuchika, Takashi Matsuo, Masazumi Zaima, Akiyoshi Kanazawa, Hiroaki Terajima, Masaharu Tada, Yukihito Adachi, Ryuta Nishitai, Dai Manaka, Tsunehiro Yoshimura, Koji Doi, Takahiro Horimatsu, Akira Mitsuyoshi, Kenichi Yoshimura, Miyuki Niimi, Shigemi Matsumoto, Yoshiharu Sakai, Shinji Uemoto
BACKGROUND: Although liver resection combined with preoperative chemotherapy is expected to improve outcomes of patients with resectable colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM), there is as yet insufficient clinical evidence supporting the efficacy of preoperative systemic chemotherapy. The aim of this phase II study was to assess the feasibility and efficacy of preoperative FOLFOX systemic chemotherapy for patients with initially resectable CRLM. METHODS: A prospective multi-institutional phase II study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of preoperative chemotherapy for resectable CRLM (ClinicalTrials...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
Takaaki Higashi, Hiromitsu Hayashi, Yuki Kitano, Kensuke Yamamura, Takayoshi Kaida, Kota Arima, Katsunobu Taki, Shigeki Nakagawa, Hirohisa Okabe, Hidetoshi Nitta, Katsunori Imai, Daisuke Hashimoto, Akira Chikamoto, Toru Beppu, Hideo Baba
Diabetes and obesity are associated with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and an increased incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). TAZ and YAP are equivalently placed downstream effectors of the Hippo pathway with oncogenic roles in human cancers. Statins are commonly used to patients with metabolic problems as hypercholesterolemia. Statins also have anti-cancer properties, and the cross-talk between mevalonate pathway and Hippo pathway was known. The aim of this study is to confirm the statin's anti-cancer effects on HCC cells and its survival benefits in HCC patients with curative surgery...
November 2016: Medical Oncology
Y Q Yao, Y H Liu, Z Y Fan, J H Chen, C J Dong
Objective: To evaluate the clinical effect and safety of oxycodone hydrochloride in the anesthesia for percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (PRFA) in hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: Between March and December 2015, 60 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma patients undergoing percutaneous radiofrequency ablation surgery in Peking University Cancer Hospital were randomly divided into three groups: oxycodone group (group Q), fentanyl group (group F) and dezocine group (group D), 20 cases in each group. Respectively intravenously injection oxycodone 0...
October 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Nikhil Suresh Ghadyalpatil, Chopra Supriya, Patil Prachi, Dsouza Ashwin, Saklani Avanish
GI cancer is not one cancer but is a term for the group of cancers that affect the digestive system including gastric cancer (GC), colorectal cancer (CRC), hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), esophageal cancer (EC), and pancreatic cancer (PC). Overall, the GI cancers are responsible for more cancers and more deaths from cancer than any other organ. 5 year survival of these cancers remains low compared to western world. Unlike the rest of the world where organ based specialities hepatobiliary, pancreatic, colorectal and esophagogastric exist, these cancers are managed in India by either a gastrointestinal surgeons, surgical oncologist, or a general surgeon with varying outcomes...
July 2016: South Asian Journal of Cancer
Li-Li Wu, Mao-Chih Hsieh, Jyh-Ming Chow, Shing-Hwa Liu, Chia-Lun Chang, Szu-Yuan Wu
Statins are associated with a reduced risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and have the potential to be an adjuvant agent for HCC. In this study, we examined whether statin use is associated with additional benefits among patients who received curative treatments (CTs) such as surgery, percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI), and radiofrequency ablation (RFA).We conducted a cohort study using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Data linked to the Taiwan Cancer Registry in 2001 to 2012. The patient cohort consisted of those who received different treatments, and we compared patients who received statins with those who did not...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Asahiro Morishita, Hisakazu Iwama, Shintaro Fujihara, Teppei Sakamoto, Koji Fujita, Joji Tani, Hisaaki Miyoshi, Hirohito Yoneyama, Takashi Himoto, Tsutomu Masaki
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common causes of cancer-associated mortality worldwide. Although surgery is considered the most effective treatment for patients with HCC, its indication is restricted by limited criteria and a high relapse rate following surgery; therefore, systemic chemotherapy is required for patients with advanced-stage HCC to prolong their survival. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous non-coding RNAs of 18-22 nucleotides in length. It has been reported that aberrant expression of miRNAs is a feature shared by various types of human cancer...
September 2016: Oncology Letters
Brian K P Goh, Jin-Yao Teo, Chung-Yip Chan, Ser-Yee Lee, Peng-Chung Cheow, Alexander Y F Chung
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic repeat liver resection (LRLR) has been shown in small retrospective studies to be a safe and effective treatment for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (rHCC) in selected patients. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of the current literature to determine the safety, feasibility, and oncologic integrity of LRLR for rHCC. METHODS: A computerized search of the PubMed database was performed for all English language studies evaluating LRLR for HCC from January 1, 2005 to March 31, 2016...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Aijun Li, Senlin Ma, Timothy Pawlik, Bin Wu, Xiaoyu Yang, Longjiu Cui, Mengchao Wu
Double primary liver cancer (DPLC) is a special type of clinical situation. As such, a detailed analysis of the surgical management and prognosis of patients with DPLC is lacking. The objective of the current study was to define the management and outcome of patients undergoing surgery for DPLC at a major hepatobiliary center.A total of 87 patients treated by surgical resection at the Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital from January 1st, 2007 to October 31st, 2013 who had DPLC demonstrated by final pathological diagnosis were identified...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Salvatore Gruttadauria, Duilio Pagano, Alessandro Tropea, Davide Cintorino, Luisa Castellana, Pasquale Bonsignore, Calogero Ricotta, Gaetano Piccolo, Giovanni Vizzini, Angelo Luca
BACKGROUND: The surgical therapy of choice for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is liver transplantation (LT) or hepatic resection, although only a small percentage of patients can undergo these procedures. Microwave thermal ablation (MWTA) can be an effective alternative treatment for HCC that complicates a cirrhotic liver disease, either as a final procedure or for downstaging patients on the waiting list for LT, or in combination with resective surgery to achieve oncological radicality...
October 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Takeaki Ishizawa, Akio Saiura, Norihiro Kokudo
In hepatobiliary surgery, the fluorescence and bile excretion of indocyanine green (ICG) can be used for real-time visualization of biological structure. Fluorescence cholangiography is used to obtain fluorescence images of the bile ducts following intrabiliary injection of 0.025-0.5 mg/mL ICG or intravenous injection of 2.5 mg ICG. Recently, the latter technique has been used in laparoscopic/robotic cholecystectomy. Intraoperative fluorescence imaging can be used to identify subcapsular hepatic tumors. Primary and secondary hepatic malignancy can be identified by intraoperative fluorescence imaging using preoperative intravenous injection of ICG through biliary excretion disorders that exist in cancerous tissues of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and in non-cancerous hepatic parenchyma around adenocarcinoma foci...
August 2016: Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition
Michele Ammendola, Rosario Sacco, Giuseppe Sammarco, Tullio Piardi, Valeria Zuccalà, Rosa Patruno, Alessandra Zullo, Nicola Zizzo, Bruno Nardo, Ilaria Marech, Alberto Crovace, Cosmo Damiano Gadaleta, Patrick Pessaux, Girolamo Ranieri
BACKGROUND: Mast cells (MCs) can stimulate angiogenesis, releasing several proangiogenic cytokines stored in their cytoplasm. In particular MCs can release tryptase, a potent in vivo and in vitro proangiogenic factor via proteinase-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2) activation and mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphorylation. Nevertheless, no data are available concerning the relationship between MC density positive to tryptase (MCDPT), endothelial cells positive to PAR-2 forming microvascular density (PAR-2-MVD), and classical MVD (C-MVD) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) angiogenesis...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Han-Hua Dong, Bin Mei, Fei-Long Liu, Zhi-Wei Zhang, Bi-Xiang Zhang, Zhi-Yong Huang, Xiao-Ping Chen, Wan-Guang Zhang
This study aimed to examine the efficacy of the laparoscopic vs. traditional open splenectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with hypersplenism. Between 2002 and 2013, 51 Chinese HCC patients with hypersplenism underwent either simultaneous laparoscopic splenectomy plus anticancer therapies (Lap-S&A) (n=25) or traditional open splenectomy plus anti-cancer therapies (TOS&A) (n=26). The outcomes were reviewed during and after the operation. Anti-cancer therapies for HCC included laparoscopic hepatectomy (LH) and laparoscopic microwave ablation (LMA)...
August 2016: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
Hae Il Jung, Dongjun Jeong, Sanghee Ji, Tae Sung Ahn, Sang Ho Bae, Susie Chin, Jun Chul Chung, Hyung Chul Kim, Moon Soo Lee, Moo-Jun Baek
Purpose: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most aggressive malignancies. Recently, the overexpression of programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) and PD-1 ligand 1 (PD-L1) has been shown to correlate with poor prognosis in many cancers. However, the expression of PD-L1 or PD-1 ligand 2 (PD-L2) and clinical outcomes have not been fully investigated in HCC. Materials and Methods: Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded samples were obtained from 85 patients with HCC who underwent surgery...
July 7, 2016: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
Richard Bell, Sanjay Pandanaboyana, J Peter A Lodge, K Raj Prasad, Rebecca Jones, Ernest Hidalgo
AIM: This study aims to report the outcomes following primary liver resection (PLR) in patients with cirrhosis including stratification according to the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) classification. METHODS: Patients with cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who had PLR between 2000 and 2013 were examined. Overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and recurrence rate (RR) were analysed. Management after recurrence was reviewed as well as comparison to a series of 116 patients listed directly for liver transplant...
July 25, 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
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