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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918736/predictive-factors-of-difficulty-in-lower-third-molar-extraction-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
J Alvira-González, R Figueiredo, E Valmaseda-Castellón, C Quesada-Gómez, C Gay-Escoda
BACKGROUND: Several publications have measured the difficulty of third molar removal, trying to establish the main risk factors, however several important preoperative and intraoperative variables are overlooked. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study comprising a total of 130 consecutive lower third molar extractions was performed. The outcome variables used to measure the difficulty of the extraction were operation time and a 100mm visual analogue scale filled by the surgeon at the end of the surgical procedure...
December 6, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883161/-is-it-necessary-to-prescribe-antibiotics-in-impacted-third-molar-surgical-removal-comparative-study-between-prescribing-patterns
#2
I Izuzquiza, K A Jamtøy, N P Fossland, I Martínez-Padilla, F Falahat, L Alou, J Prieto, M L Gómez-Lus
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether there is a significant difference in infection rate after surgery tooth extraction in two different hospitals from Norway and Spain where different surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis protocols are applied. METHODS: An analytical observational study was conducted, retrospective cohorts type, analyzing healthy patients with no risk factors, who were third molar tooth operated in maxillofacial services of two different hospitals: St. Olav in Trondheim (Norway) and Clínico San Carlos in Madrid (Spain)...
November 22, 2016: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861658/a-comparison-of-tapered-and-nontapered-implants-in-the-minipig
#3
David Cochran, Andreas Stavropoulos, Marcel Obrecht, Benjamin Pippenger, Michel Dard
PURPOSE: Tapered implants are thought to result in equivalent long-term stability and marginal peri-implant bone height in comparison to cylindrical implants. The goal of this study was to compare the primary stability and osseointegration of a novel bone-level tapered-wall implant to a control bone-level cylindrical implant with exactly the same surface characteristics, in a direct side-by-side comparison in an animal model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mandibular premolars and first molars were extracted in 11 G...
November 2016: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847732/which-factors-are-associated-with-difficult-surgical-extraction-of-impacted-lower-third-molars
#4
Kyeong-Lok Park
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate factors associated with increased difficulty in the surgical extraction of impacted lower third molars and to improve identification of difficult cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 680 patients who required 762 surgical extractions of impacted lower third molars from 2009 to 2014 were enrolled in the study. Demographic factors, clinical factors, radiographic factors, surgical extraction difficulty, and presumed causes of difficulty were collected...
October 2016: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843268/comparative-efficacy-of-amoxicillin-clavulanic-acid-and-levofloxacin-in-the-reduction-of-postsurgical-sequelae-after-third-molar-surgery-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial-in-a-nigerian-university-teaching-hospital
#5
Kizito Chioma Ndukwe, Ramat Oyebunmi Braimah, John Foluso Owotade, Stephen Babatunde Aregbesola
BACKGROUND: The most common sequelae after surgical removal of mandibular third molar are pain, trismus, swelling, and dysphagia. However, these symptoms can also signal the onset of surgical site infection and alveoli osteitis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of prophylactic amoxicillin/clavulanic acid and levofloxacin and preemptive therapy of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid in the reduction of postinflammatory complications, surgical site infection, and alveolar osteitis following the third molar surgery...
July 2016: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833861/maxillofacial-infections-of-odontogenic-origin-epidemiological-microbiological-and-therapeutic-factors-in-an-indian-population
#6
V Yuvaraj
Odontogenic fascial space infections are commonly encountered by the oral and maxillofacial surgeon. A retrospective study of the epidemiological characteristics, microbiological analysis and treatment response to odontogenic infections treated in the oral and maxillofacial unit of a Dental school is presented. A retrospective analysis of case records of all odontogenic infections that reported to the oral and maxillofacial surgery unit in a Dental school over a period of 2 years was performed. Epidemiological data, microbiological profile and treatment responses were analysed...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833345/efficacy-of-intranasal-dexmedetomidine-for-conscious-sedation-in-patients-undergoing-surgical-removal-of-impacted-third-molar-a-double-blind-split-mouth-study
#7
Sujeeth Kumar Shetty, Garima Aggarwal
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to evaluate the utility and effectiveness of Intranasal Dexmedetomidine on Sedation status and pain experience of the patients undergoing surgical extraction of impacted third molar. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this double-blind, split mouth study, in 15 patients, evaluations pertaining to classes of third molar impaction was done. Each patient was randomly assigned to receive either intranasal normal saline (placebo group) or intranasal 1...
December 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833337/eventuality-of-dexamethasone-injected-intra-massetrically-on-post-operative-sequel-following-the-surgical-extraction-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molars-a-prospective-study
#8
G D Nandini
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to compare the efficacy of dexamethasone given intra-massetrically via intra buccal approach on postoperative sequele after surgical extraction of impacted mandibular third molars. METHODOLOGY: Twenty patients, each of who required surgical extraction of a single impacted mandibular third molar under local anesthesia, were randomly set apart to one of the two groups of ten each. The experimental group received dexamethasone 8 mg injected to the masseter muscle intra buccally and the control group did not receive any steroid...
December 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833246/effect-of-submucosal-or-oral-administration-of-prednisolone-on-postoperative-sequelae-following-surgical-extraction-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molar-a-randomized-controlled-study
#9
Adebayo Aremu Ibikunle, Wasiu Lanre Adeyemo, Akinola Ladipo Ladeinde
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of preoperatively administered submucosal and oral prednisolone on postoperative pain, facial swelling, and trismus following third molar surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial in which subjects were randomly distributed into three groups. Group A consisted of subjects who received 40 mg oral prednisolone; Group B consisted of subjects who received 40 mg submucosal injection of prednisolone while Group C consisted of subjects who did not receive prednisolone...
September 2016: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832920/piezoelectric-compared-with-conventional-rotary-osteotomy-for-the-prevention-of-postoperative-sequelae-and-complications-after-surgical-extraction-of-mandibular-third-molars-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
E K Badenoch-Jones, M David, T Lincoln
The purpose of this review was to determine if postoperative sequelae (facial swelling, trismus, pain) and neurological complications are reduced when mandibular third molars are surgically extracted using a piezoelectric device for osteotomy compared with conventional rotary burs, and to determine if there is a difference in operating time between the two techniques. Clinical trials were identified through a search (April 2015) on the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and Google Scholar databases...
November 7, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816069/submucosal-injection-of-dexamethasone-reduces-postoperative-discomfort-after-third-molar-extraction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Qian Chen, Jin Chen, Bo Hu, Ge Feng, Jinlin Song
BACKGROUND: The authors conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis on the effect of dexamethasone (DX) on edema, trismus, and pain during early and late postoperative periods after third-molar (M3) extraction. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors identified eligible reports by searching PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials up through April 2016. The full text of the studies that met the minimum inclusion requirements were those in which the investigators evaluated the effects of submucosal injection of DX compared with inactive treatments in patients undergoing surgical extraction of an M3...
November 3, 2016: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777715/bifid-mandibular-canal-a-rare-or-underestimated-entity
#12
Ibrahim Nasseh, Georges Aoun
One of the rare anatomical variations that can be of significant importance for the dentist is the bifid mandibular canal. Many complications can occur from this condition such as failure of anesthesia when performing inferior alveolar nerve block, difficulties during the surgical extraction of the third mandibular molar, and during implants placement. Therefore, good knowledge of this condition is essential. In this report, we describe the radiographic finding of a unilateral bifid mandibular canal.
August 8, 2016: Clinics and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765547/does-psychological-profile-influence-third-molar-extraction-and-postoperative-pain
#13
Raquel González-Martínez, María Del Mar Jovani-Sancho, Isidoro Cortell-Ballester
PURPOSE: Our purposes were to determine the influence of psychological profile on hemodynamic changes in patients who undergo surgical removal of the third molars under intravenous sedation and to evaluate the effect on patients' anxiety and postoperative recovery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 100 patients (American Society of Anesthesiologists classes I and II; aged ≥18 years) seen in the CIMIVClinic (Department of Oral Surgery, Casa de Salud University Hospital, Valencia, Spain) who underwent extractions of all third molars under intravenous sedation...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756334/maxillary-unicystic-ameloblastoma-a-case-report
#14
Zana Agani, Vjosa Hamiti-Krasniqi, Jehona Recica, Mergime Prekazi Loxha, Fisnik Kurshumliu, Aida Rexhepi
BACKGROUND: Ameloblastoma is a benign epithelial odontogenic tumor. It is often aggressive and destructive, with the capacity to attain great size, erode bone and invade adjacent structures. Unicystic ameloblastoma is a rare odontogenic lesion, with clinical, radiographic and gross features of jaw cysts. The lesion histologically shows typical ameloblastomatous epithelium lining part of the cyst cavity with or without and/or mural tumor growth. Unicystic ameloblastoma usually presents in posterior mandibular ramus region, while it is rare and atypical in posterior maxillary region...
October 18, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752209/single-dose-of-submucosal-injection-of-dexamethasone-affects-the-post-operative-quality-of-life-after-third-molar-surgery
#15
Saroj Prasad Deo
INTRODUCTION: Third molar surgery (TMS) became a routine, safe office procedure with generally predictable outcomes and relative low cost. It affects quality of life (QOL) of patients by causing considerable pain, swelling and trismus; by changing what people eat, their speech in the first few days after surgery. The purpose of the present study was to improve QOL of patient after lower TMS by injecting single dose 8 mg submucosal dexamethasone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty healthy adult subjects of either gender underwent surgical removal of the lower impacted third molar under local anaesthesia and after being randomly assigned to receive either 8 mg dexamethasone submucosal injection or normal saline injection in proximity to surgical site...
September 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694783/local-vs-general-anaesthesia-in-the-development-of-neurosensory-disturbances-after-mandibular-third-molars-extraction-a-retrospective-study-of-534-cases
#16
F Costantinides, M Biasotto, M Maglione, R Di Lenarda
BACKGROUND: The choice of the anaesthetic modality is one of the primary steps during planning of third molar surgery. The aim of the present study was to compare the risk of developing neurological injures of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) and lingual nerve (LN) in patients treated for wisdom teeth removal under general anaesthesia (GA) with a group treated under local anaesthesia (LA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is an observational retrospective, unicentric study; between September 2013 and September 2014, 534 patients underwent third molar surgery, 194 (36,3%) under GA and 340 (63,7%) under LA by the same oral surgeon...
November 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694781/analysis-of-potential-dynamic-concealed-factors-in-the-difficulty-of-lower-third-molar-extraction
#17
P Singh, D-H Ajmera, S-S Xiao, X-Z Yang, X Liu, B Peng
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify potential concealed variables associated with the difficulty of lower third molar (M3) extractions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To address the research purpose, we implemented a prospective study and enrolled a sample of subjects presenting for M3 removal. Predictor variables were categorized into Group-I and Group-II, based on predetermined criteria. The primary outcome variable was the difficulty of extraction, measured as extraction time...
November 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690832/intraoral-extraction-of-an-ectopic-mandibular-third-molar-detected-in-the-subcondylar-region-without-a-pathological-cause-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
Kohei Okuyama, Yuki Sakamoto, Tomofumi Naruse, Akiko Kawakita, Souichi Yanamoto, Kohei Furukawa, Masahiro Umeda
PURPOSE: To present a case report on the presence of an ectopic mandibular third molar (EMTM), the surgical treatment, and outcome. CASE REPORT: A 63-year-old woman presented with right preauricular facial swelling, limited jaw function, and pain. Radiographic assessment demonstrated an EMTM positioned in the superoposterior aspect of the ramus. Radiographically, there was a bony tunnel extending from the third molar to distal of the second molar. The patient was treated by an intraoral approach on the medial aspect of the ramus for removal of the ectopic third molar, as well as the tissue in the bony tunnel...
October 3, 2016: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688170/late-mandibular-fracture-occurring-in-the-postoperative-period-after-third-molar-removal-systematic-review-and-analysis-of-124-cases
#19
W R Pires, J P Bonardi, L P Faverani, G A C Momesso, X M J P Muñoz, A F M Silva, S R Panzarini, A P F Bassi, D Ponzoni
Factors associated with the diagnosis, aetiology, and treatment of mandibular fractures occurring during the postoperative period following the removal of a lower third molar are discussed. The following databases were searched using specific key words: PubMed/MEDLINE, LILACS, Embase, and Scopus. The search yielded 124 cases. Sex, age, side, tooth position and angulation, bone impaction, relationship between the tooth and the inferior alveolar nerve, local pathological conditions, aetiology of the fracture, symptomatology, and time between surgery and fracture, as well as any displacement of the fracture and the treatment of the fracture, were evaluated...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677683/oral-surgical-treatment-of-patients-with-chronic-liver-disease-assessments-of-bleeding-and-its-relationship-with-thrombocytopenia-and-blood-coagulation-parameters
#20
Nadia Cocero, Marta Bezzi, Silvia Martini, Stefano Carossa
PURPOSE: Cirrhotic patients awaiting liver transplantation require eradication of infectious oral foci to prevent septic episodes after transplantation; however, cirrhosis can hinder hemostasis and can result in severe bleeding. The present study assessed the bleeding risk factors connected with the clinical history of these patients and the characteristics of the extractions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 1183 extractions in 318 patients, including 47 with severe end-stage liver disease who were outside of our intention-to-treat bracket (ie, platelet count [PLT] >40 × 10(3)/μL and international normalized ratio [INR] <2...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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