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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043245/intentional-partial-odontectomy-a-long-term-follow-up-study
#1
Hyun-Suk Kim, Pil-Young Yun, Young-Kyun Kim
BACKGROUND: The surgical extraction of the third molar is the most frequently encountered procedure in oral and maxillofacial surgery and is related with a variety of complications. This study examined the efficacy of intentional partial odontectomy (IPO) in the third molars which have no periapical lesions and are located near important anatomical structures such as inferior alveolar nerve. METHODS: Seven patients (four males, three females, 39.1 ± 11.6 years), who received IPO to reduce the risk of inferior alveolar nerve injury (IANI), were followed long-term...
December 2017: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038632/evaluation-of-post-surgical-bacteremia-with-use-of-povidone-iodine-and-chlorhexidine-during-mandibular-third-molar-surgery
#2
Anil Managutti, Sunita A Managutti, Jigar Patel, Nagaraj Y Puthanakar
BACKGROUND: Microorganisms may invade the blood stream by oral routes through surgical procedures like extractions, fractured teeth and periodontal pockets. The incidence of bacteremia is 70-80 % following tooth extraction, sub gingival scaling and intra ligament injection. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Aim of study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of two topical antimicrobial agents for the prevention of post-surgical bacteremia during mandibular third molar surgery...
December 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987483/efficacy-of-adjuvant-laser-therapy-in-reducing-postsurgical-complications-after-the-removal-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molars-a-systematic-review-update-and-meta-analysis
#3
Jamie Dawdy, Jillian Halladay, Alonso Carrasco-Labra, Ignacio Araya, Nicolas Yanine, Romina Brignardello-Petersen
BACKGROUND: The authors updated a previously published systematic review to assess the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on reducing complications after the removal of impacted mandibular third molars. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors searched for randomized clinical trials in which the investigators evaluated the efficacy of LLLT compared with that of placebo or no treatment. Two reviewers independently screened studies, extracted data, and assessed risk of bias...
October 4, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974709/a-novel-method-in-the-removal-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molar-buccal-drainage
#4
Ting Hu, Ji Zhang, Jing Zhi Ma, Le Nan Shao, Yi Fei Gu, Dian Qi Li, Liang Jiang, Yun Qiang Yang
Food impaction after impacted mandibular third molar extraction is a serious problem that should not be ignored. Incomplete suturing of the distal incision in the conventional method is the main cause of food impaction and delayed wound healing. The present study introduces a novel suture and drainage technology that requires hermetic suturing of the distal incision and rubber drainage for buccal drainage. 76 patients with horizontally/mesially impacted third molars (bilateral) were enrolled in this prospective study...
October 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944355/wide-diameter-immediate-post-extractive-implants-vs-delayed-placement-of-normal-diameter-implants-in-preserved-sockets-in-the-molar-region-1-year-post-loading-outcome-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Vittorio Checchi, Pietro Felice, Giovanni Zucchelli, Carlo Barausse, Maurizio Piattelli, Roberto Pistilli, Giovanni Grandi, Marco Esposito
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness of 6.0 to 8.0 mm-wide diameter implants, placed immediately after tooth extraction, with conventional 4.0 or 5.0 mm diameter implants placed in a preserved socket after a 4-month period of healing in the molar region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Just after extraction of one or two molar teeth, and with no vertical loss of the buccal bone in relation to the palatal wall, 100 patients requiring immediate post-extractive implants were randomly allocated to immediate placement of one or two 6...
2017: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932056/erupted-odontome-associated-with-a-primary-molar-a-unique-clinical-presentation-4-year-follow-up
#6
Shaik Hasanuddin, E Rajendra Reddy
Erupted odontomas occur very rarely in both the primary and permanent dentitions. The present case report discusses an unusual erupted odontome associated with a primary first mandibular molar. A 7-year-old female patient with an erupted odontome in the oral cavity was reported. The surgical extraction of odontome was performed under local anesthesia to allow eruption of underlying premolar tooth. After 4 years of follow-up, the first premolar had erupted with an unusual occlusal morphology, similar to that of a primary first molar...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932049/evaluation-of-two-flap-designs-on-the-mandibular-second-molar-after-third-molar-extractions
#7
Nabeeh A Alqahtani, S Khaleelahmed, Farheen Desai
BACKGROUND: The extraction of third molars is associated with some clinical outcomes and periodontal problems. It is imperative to note that the type of incision used in the surgery for the removal of the impacted third molar is critical. The design of the flap influences the healing of the surgically created defect and damage to the distal periodontal area of the adjacent second molar. However, till date, there have been conflicting reports on the influence of different flap designs used for the surgical removal of impacted third molars...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898426/differences-between-inflammatory-and-catabolic-mediators-of-peri-implantitis-and-periodontitis-lesions-following-initial-mechanical-therapy-an-exploratory-study
#8
M Ghighi, A Llorens, B Baroukh, C Chaussain, P Bouchard, M Gosset
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the differences in inflammatory and catabolic mediators expressed in peri-implantitis compared to periodontitis lesions after non-surgical therapy. Peri-implantitis is associated with a faster rate of bone loss when compared with periodontitis, and peri-implant non-surgical therapy is ineffective to cure peri-implantitis. This may be due to persistent inflammation in peri-implantitis tissues after initial mechanical treatment...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895751/extreme-skeletal-open-bite-correction-with-vertical-elastics
#9
Marco Antonio Cruz-Escalante, Aron Aliaga-Del Castillo, Luciano Soldevilla, Guilherme Janson, Marilia Yatabe, Ricardo Voss Zuazola
Severe skeletal open bites may be ideally treated with a combined surgical-orthodontic approach. Alternatively, compensations may be planned to camouflage the malocclusion with orthodontics alone. This case report describes the treatment of an 18-year-old man who presented with a severe open bite involving the anterior and posterior teeth up to the first molars, increased vertical dimension, bilateral Class III molar relationship, bilateral posterior crossbite, dental midline deviation, and absence of the maxillary right canine and the mandibular left first premolar...
September 12, 2017: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886353/initial-manifestation-of-acquired-hemophilia-a-after-a-routine-tooth-extraction-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Nicholas A Bennetts, James E Mergelmeyer, Eric J Reimer, James C Melville
Although surgical treatment of patients on anticoagulation regimens is common practice among oral and maxillofacial surgeons, unexpected and unknown coagulopathies can have devastating and catastrophic consequences for the most routine of procedures. Acquired hemophilia A (AHA) is an extremely rare life-threatening bleeding disorder characterized by autoantibodies directed against circulating coagulation factor VIII. The effects of AHA can produce catastrophic bleeding and hematomas. The effect of this uncontrolled hemorrhage after dentoalveolar surgery can mimic severe head and neck infection by causing dysphagia, odynophagia, and acute airway complications...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880060/comparison-of-orthopantomography-and-ct-accuracy-in-predicting-inferior-alveolar-nerve-injury-following-lower-third-molar-surgical-extraction
#11
Fulvio Fusaro, Fulvia Costantinides, Michele Maglione, Domenico Dalessandri, Erica Vettori, Roberto DI Lenarda
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare orthopantomography (OPG) and computed tomography (CT) accuracy in predicting inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) injury after lower wisdom teeth extraction. METHODS: Twenty-three patients with completely impacted lower third molars were enrolled in this study and OPG and CT exams were obtained before surgical intervention. Finally, a total of 26 lower third molars were extracted and cases of paresthesia following a IAN lesion have been registered...
October 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875137/risk-factor-analysis-of-additional-administration-of-sedative-agent-and-patient-dissatisfaction-in-intravenous-conscious-sedation-using-midazolam-for-third-molar-extraction
#12
Dong-Whan Shin, Jin-Yong Cho, Yoon-Sic Han, Hye-Young Sim, Hee-Sun Kim, Da-Un Jung, Ho Lee
OBJECTIVES: The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the factors related with additional administration of sedative agent during intravenous conscious sedation (IVS) using midazolam (MDZ). The secondary purpose was to analyze the factors affecting patient satisfaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data for 124 patients who had undergone surgical extraction of mandibular third molar under IVS using MDZ were retrospectively investigated in this case-control study...
August 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859924/the-use-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-for-immediate-closure-of-acute-oroantral-communications-an-alternative-approach
#13
Kani Bilginaylar
Currently, the buccal advancement flap, palatal rotational flap, and buccal fat pad techniques are frequently used to close an oroantral communication (OAC). In this study, platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) clots were used for immediate closure of acute OACs after extraction of posterior maxillary molars. Acute oroantral perforations larger than 3 mm in diameter in 21 patients were treated uneventfully using PRF clots. None of the patients had systemic diseases or symptoms of sinus disease. After tooth extraction, the diagnosis of acute OAC was examined by the Valsalva maneuver (compressing the nostrils with the fingers and then blowing out air)...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857982/is-horizontal-mattress-suturing-more-effective-than-simple-interrupted-suturing-on-postoperative-complications-and-primary-wound-healing-after-impacted-mandibular-third-molar-surgery
#14
Ahmet Hüseyin Acar, Hakki Oğuz Kazancioğlu, Necip Fazil Erdem, Fatih Asutay
The aim of this clinical study was to compare the influence of 2 different suturing techniques on postoperative complications and wound healing after surgical extractions of impacted mandibular third molars. In this randomized split mouth study, 30 patients were examined in whom 60 consecutive surgical extractions of symmetrically positioned impacted mandibular third molars were performed. After the extractions, the surgical flaps were sutured with either the simple interrupted or horizontal mattress suturing technique...
October 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846560/comparative-study-on-osseointegration-of-implants-after-flap-and-flapless-surgery-in-the-mandible-of-dogs
#15
Hong-Gi Min, Su-Gwan Kim, Ji-Su Oh, Jae-Seek You, Sung-Chul Lim, Mi-Ae Jeong
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to compare the implant stability and osseointegration of implants using a flap or flapless technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Mandibular premolars and molars were extracted from both sides in 6 dogs. After 8 weeks, 4 fixtures were implanted using either a flap or flapless technique. Implant stability quotient was measured on insertion and at 2, 4, and 8 weeks later. The animals were killed while the tissues were histologically analyzed...
October 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811076/submucosal-injection-of-dexamethasone-and-methylprednisolone-for-the-control-of-postoperative-sequelae-after-third-molar-surgery-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
A Chugh, S Singh, Y Mittal, V Chugh
Pain, swelling, and trismus are known sequelae of third molar surgery that can significantly affect the individual's quality of life (QOL). These should be minimized to improve QOL. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of the preoperative submucosal administration of equivalent doses of two commonly used steroids on these postoperative sequelae. A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted involving 60 subjects requiring the removal of impacted mandibular third molars. Extraction cases with a similar difficulty index were included...
August 12, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809376/inferior-alveolar-nerve-trajectory-mental-foramen-location-and-incidence-of-mental-nerve-anterior-loop
#17
M Velasco-Torres, M Padial-Molina, G Avila-Ortiz, R García-Delgado, A Catena, P Galindo-Moreno
OBJECTIVES: Injury of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) is a serious intraoperative complication that may occur during routine surgical procedures, such as dental implant placement or extraction of impacted teeth. Thus, the purpose of this study was to analyze the trajectory of the mandibular canal (MC), the location of the mental foramen (MF) and the presence and extension of an anterior loop of the mental nerve (AL). STUDY DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 348 CBCTs were analyzed...
September 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791081/is-the-late-mandibular-fracture-from-third-molar-extraction-a-risk-towards-malpractice-case-report-with-the-analysis-of-ethical-and-legal-aspects
#18
Weuler Dos Santos Silva, Rubens Jorge Silveira, Michelle Gouveia Benicio de Araujo Andrade, Ademir Franco, Rhonan Ferreira Silva
OBJECTIVES: The present study reports a case of late mandibular fracture due to third molar extraction and highlights the inherent clinical, ethical and legal aspects related to this surgical complication. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A female patient underwent surgical procedure for the extraction of the mandibular right third molar. Two days after the surgery the patient reported pain and altered occlusion in the right side of the mandible. After clinical and radiographic re-examination, the diagnosis of late mandibular fracture was established...
April 2017: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771709/assessment-of-the-referral-system-for-surgical-removal-of-third-molars-at-the-dental-faculty-king-saud-university
#19
Randa Abdul Moein Al Fotawi, Manju Roby Philip, Sangeetah Negavara Premnath
INTRODUCTION: There is compelling evidence that prophylactic extraction of third molars is a health problem that needs to be addressed. In particular, the vast amount of evidence demonstrating complications after removal of third molars, rather than supporting the necessity of removal or the negative effects of retention, raise this concern. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the referral system for third molar extraction at our institution by assessing patient opinions and the experience of the oral surgeons and the referring dentists...
August 2, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761644/an-extensive-swelling-in-the-anterior-mandible-a-case-report
#20
Nikhil M Kurien, L K Surej Kumar, P B Uma, V Vivek, Anna P Joseph
INTRODUCTION: Glandular odontogenic cyst is a rare developmental odontogenic cyst, which often pose a challenge to diagnose it clinically. PRESENTATION OF A CASE: A 32 year old female patient was referred to the oral and maxillofacial surgery department with a chief complaint of a painless swelling in the anterior mandible, extending from mandibular left premolar to right first molar region, with fluctuancy and egg shell crackling at right premolar region. The associated teeth were firm...
September 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
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