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quality of life conjunctivitys in pediatrics

Ye Shen, Charles H King, Sue Binder, Feng Zhang, Christopher C Whalen, W Evan Secor, Susan P Montgomery, Pauline N M Mwinzi, Annette Olsen, Pascal Magnussen, Safari Kinung'hi, Anna E Phillips, Rassul Nalá, Josefo Ferro, H Osvaldo Aurelio, Fiona Fleming, Amadou Garba, Amina Hamidou, Alan Fenwick, Carl H Campbell, Daniel G Colley
BACKGROUND: The Schistosomiasis Consortium for Operational Research and Evaluation (SCORE) focus is on randomized trials of different approaches to mass drug administration (MDA) in endemic countries in Africa. Because their studies provided an opportunity to evaluate the effects of mass treatment on Schistosoma-associated morbidity, nested cohort studies were developed within SCORE's intervention trials to monitor changes in a suite of schistosomiasis disease outcomes. This paper describes the process SCORE used to select markers for prospective monitoring and the baseline prevalence of these morbidities in four parallel cohort studies...
September 29, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
Chelsea A Cooper, Cynthia M C DeKlotz
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a prevalent condition in the pediatric population that can have a significant effect on a child's quality of life. Management is multifactorial, involving topical pharmacotherapy, emollients, and a bathing regimen in conjunction with close supervision from the caregiver and physician. In the case of moderate to severe or refractory AD, wet wraps can be used. As part of our wet wrap regimen, we propose warming damp cotton pajamas in the dryer before application. This makes the wet wraps more comfortable for children, increasing adherence to the prescribed regimen...
November 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
Marguerite T Parisi, Mohammed S Bermo, Adam M Alessio, Susan E Sharp, Michael J Gelfand, Barry L Shulkin
PET/CT, the most common form of hybrid imaging, has transformed oncologic imaging and is increasingly being used for nononcologic applications as well. Performing PET/CT in children poses unique challenges. Not only are children more sensitive to the effects of radiation than adults but, following radiation exposure, children have a longer postexposure life expectancy in which to exhibit adverse radiation effects. Both the PET and CT components of the study contribute to the total patient radiation dose, which is one of the most important risks of the study in this population...
May 2017: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
Ru-Lan Hsieh, Wen-Chung Lee, Jui-Hsiang Lin
UNLABELLED: This prospective, randomized controlled study investigated the effects of short-term interactive video game playing among children with developmental delays participating in traditional rehabilitation treatment at a rehabilitation clinic. One hundred and one boys and 46 girls with a mean age of 5.8 years (range: 3 to 12 years) were enrolled in this study. All patients were confirmed to suffer from developmental delays, and were participating in traditional rehabilitation treatment...
2016: PloS One
Frédéric Dhermain, Igor J Barani
Radiotherapy (RT) of the brain is associated with significant stigma in the neuro-oncology community. This is primarily because of the potentially severe complications with which it may be associated. These complications, especially in subacute and latent settings, are often unpredictable, potentially progressive, and irreversible. The onset of complications may start from the first fraction of 2 Gy, continuing over several months after end of RT with persistent drowsiness and apathy. It may also extend over many years with progressive onset of neurocognitive impairments such as memory decline, and diminished focus/attention...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Doo Hee Han, Jae Cheul Ahn, Sue Jean Mun, Sue K Park, Se Young Oh, Chae Seo Rhee
PURPOSE: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a multifactorial disease whose genetic and environmental risk factors have been studied for decades. Many pediatric studies have pointed out the familial history of allergy, hygiene hypothesis, breast-feeding, pet ownership, and diets as risk factors of AR. However, most of factors are still up for debate. This preliminary report aimed to confirm the known risk factors and find the novel risk factors for AR in the Korean pediatric population. METHODS: A bi-seasonal, winter and summer, study in 2 elementary schools included all students whose parents completed the questionnaire of medical and social histories, quality of life, infant and early-childhood history, and the living styles...
May 2015: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Michael D Seidman, Richard K Gurgel, Sandra Y Lin, Seth R Schwartz, Fuad M Baroody, James R Bonner, Douglas E Dawson, Mark S Dykewicz, Jesse M Hackell, Joseph K Han, Stacey L Ishman, Helene J Krouse, Sonya Malekzadeh, James Whit W Mims, Folashade S Omole, William D Reddy, Dana V Wallace, Sandra A Walsh, Barbara E Warren, Meghan N Wilson, Lorraine C Nnacheta
OBJECTIVE: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is one of the most common diseases affecting adults. It is the most common chronic disease in children in the United States today and the fifth most common chronic disease in the United States overall. AR is estimated to affect nearly 1 in every 6 Americans and generates $2 to $5 billion in direct health expenditures annually. It can impair quality of life and, through loss of work and school attendance, is responsible for as much as $2 to $4 billion in lost productivity annually...
February 2015: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Chet A Tharpe, Stephen F Kemp
Allergic rhinitis is a common pediatric problem with significant comorbidities and potential complications. This article is an overview of the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and current therapeutic strategies. Allergic rhinitis management in a specific child is age dependent and influenced by the severity and frequency of the symptoms and the presence of any concurrent conditions. Current strategies permit symptomatic control and improved quality of life for most patients.
February 2015: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
Elie Serrano, Hans Ulrich Wahn, Alain Didier, Claus Bachert
BACKGROUND: 300IR 5-grass pollen sublingual immunotherapy tablets have been approved for the treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR) with or without conjunctivitis in adults and children >5 years with grass pollen allergy. This study was designed to review data on nasal symptoms with 300IR 5-grass pollen sublingual tablets in adults and children. METHODS: We reviewed data from four double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trials. Two groups of patients who received a daily dose of either placebo or 300IR 5-grass pollen sublingual tablets starting 4 months before the expected start of the pollen season and continuing through the season were compared (analysis of covariance) for scores of sneezing, rhinorrhea, nasal pruritus, nasal congestion, total nasal symptom score (TNSS), and adult Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (RQLQ) scores...
November 2014: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
Philip A Starr, Leslie C Markun, Paul S Larson, Monica M Volz, Alastair J Martin, Jill L Ostrem
OBJECT: The placement of deep brain stimulation (DBS) leads in adults is traditionally performed using physiological confirmation of lead location in the awake patient. Most children are unable to tolerate awake surgery, which poses a challenge for intraoperative confirmation of lead location. The authors have developed an interventional MRI (iMRI)-guided procedure to allow for real-time anatomical imaging, with the goal of achieving very accurate lead placement in patients who are under general anesthesia...
October 2014: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Carlos E Rodriguez-Martinez, Gustavo Nino, Jose A Castro-Rodriguez
INTRODUCTION: Despite the many benefits that have been demonstrated by the continuous administration of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) in persistent asthma, a new strategy for mild-asthma is emerging, consisting of using intermittent or as-needed ICS treatment in conjunction with short-acting beta2 agonists in response to symptoms. However, no previous studies have reported an economic evaluation comparing these two therapeutic strategies. METHODS: A Markov-type model was developed in order to estimate costs and health outcomes of a simulated cohort of pediatric patients with persistent asthma treated over a 12-month period...
August 2015: Pediatric Pulmonology
Allison Worth, Victoria Hammersley, Rebecca Knibb, Bertine Flokstra-de-Blok, Audrey DunnGalvin, Samantha Walker, Anthony E J Dubois, Aziz Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are measures of the outcome of treatment(s) reported directly by the patient or carer. There is increasing international policy interest in using these to assess the impact of clinical care. AIMS: To identify suitably validated PROMs for asthma and examine their potential for use in clinical settings. METHODS: We systematically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and Web of Science databases from 1990 onwards to identify PROMs for asthma...
2014: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
Désirée Larenas-Linnemann, Oliver Pfaar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Rhinoconjunctivitis, and especially allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (ARC) are increasing in prevalence, progressively affecting the well being of more and more adults and children. Clinical trials using allergen immunotherapy (AIT), the sole causal treatment of allergies, are being conducted, but discussions on optimal patient-related outcomes (PROs) are still ongoing. RECENT FINDINGS: Almost all publications discussing PROs relate to adults. The authors comment on the importance of broader PROs when assessing the results of AIT trials, as focusing on only nasal symptom improvement and medication reduction does not capture the full benefit of AIT...
June 2014: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Kam Lun Hon, N H Pong, Terence C W Poon, Dorothy F Y Chan, T F Leung, Kelly Y C Lai, Y K Wing, Nai Ming Luk
BACKGROUND: Atopic eczema (AE) is a common relapsing inflammatory skin disease in children associated with chronicity and poor quality of life. Many children also display depressive, anxiety and stress symptoms. AIM: To investigate the prevalence of depressive, anxiety and stress symptoms, and if these symptoms are associated with disease severity, quality of life and skin biophysiology in childhood AE. METHODS: Psychological symptoms, eczema severity, quality of life and biophysical skin condition of consecutive adolescents at the pediatric dermatology clinic of a teaching hospital were evaluated with the validated Chinese versions of Depressive, Anxiety, Stress Scales (DASS-42), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-13), Nottingham Eczema Severity Score (NESS), Children's Dermatology Life Quality Index (CDLQI), transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and stratum corneum skin hydration (SH), respectively...
February 2015: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
Jennifer Maloney, David I Bernstein, Harold Nelson, Peter Creticos, Jacques Hébert, Michael Noonan, David Skoner, Yijie Zhou, Amarjot Kaur, Hendrik Nolte
BACKGROUND: In North America, few studies have evaluated sublingual immunotherapy for allergic rhinitis with or without conjunctivitis (AR/C); pediatric data are sparse. The authors report findings from the largest published immunotherapy trial yet conducted in adults and children. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate grass sublingual immunotherapy tablet (MK-7243) treatment in subjects with AR/C. METHODS: North American subjects (5-65 years old) with grass allergy were randomized 1:1 to once-daily MK-7243 (2,800 BAU Phleum pratense) or placebo...
February 2014: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
Natalie Walders-Abramson
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) was characteristically an adult-onset illness until recently, when it became recognized as an increasing problem among youth in conjunction with escalating rates and associated risks of pediatric. Youth-onset T2DM is associated with a range of psychosocial risk factors, and research underscores the relevancy of depressive symptoms and quality of life factors in illness diagnosis, management and prognosis. This review paper summarizes available findings on depression and health-related quality of life for youth-onset T2DM, and provides recommendations for clinical practice and a conceptual framework for further studies...
January 2014: Current Diabetes Reports
Chihwen Cheng, R Clark Brown, Lindsey L Cohen, Janani Venugopalan, Todd H Stokes, May D Wang
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most common inherited disease, and SCD symptoms impact functioning and well-being. For example, adolescents with SCD have a higher tendency of psychological problems than the general population. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), a cognitive-behavioral therapy, is an effective intervention to promote quality of life and functioning in adolescents with chronic illness. However, traditional visit-based therapy sessions are restrained by challenges, such as limited follow-up, insufficient data collection, low treatment adherence, and delayed intervention...
2013: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Denise Adams, Courtney Spelliscy, Leka Sivakumar, Paul Grundy, Anne Leis, Susan Sencer, Sunita Vohra
Background. Use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) by children with cancer is high; however, pediatric best cases are rare. Objectives. To investigate whether best cases exist in pediatric oncology using a three-phase approach and to compare our methods with other such programs. Methods. In phase I, Children's Oncology Group (COG) oncologists were approached via email and asked to recall patients who were (i) under 18 when diagnosed with cancer, (ii) diagnosed between 1990 and 2006, (iii) had unexpectedly positive clinical outcome, and (iv) reported using CAM during or after cancer treatment...
2013: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Julie A Panepinto, Sylvia Torres, Cristiane B Bendo, Timothy L McCavit, Bogdan Dinu, Sandra Sherman-Bien, Christy Bemrich-Stolz, James W Varni
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an inherited chronic disease that is characterized by complications such as recurrent painful vaso-occlusive events that require frequent hospitalizations and contribute to early mortality. The objective of the study was to report on the initial measurement properties of the new PedsQL™ SCD Module for pediatric patient self-report ages 5-18 years and parent proxy-report for ages 2-18 years. PROCEDURE: The 43-item PedsQL™ SCD Module was completed in a multisite study by 243 pediatric patients with SCD and 313 parents...
August 2013: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Andrea Leonardi, Daniela Lazzarini, Laura Motterle, Massimo Bortolotti, Velika Deligianni, S John Curnow, Stefano Bonini, Iva A Fregona
PURPOSE: To identify clinical, demographic, immunologic, and health-related quality-of-life data from a cohort of vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) patients with the onset of the disease after puberty (VKC-like disease). DESIGN: Retrospective, observational case series. METHODS: Forty-nine patients with late-onset VKC-like disease from among 600 consecutive VKC patients. History of disease, test results for allergen sensitivity, signs and symptoms, impact of disease on work productivity, health-related quality of life, and treatment satisfaction were assessed...
May 2013: American Journal of Ophthalmology
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