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Brain PtiO2

Christian Roth, Hubertus Stitz, Jens Kleffmann, Stefanie Kaestner, Wolfgang Deinsberger, Andreas Ferbert, Markus Gehling
Background Studies investigating multimodal cerebral monitoring including partial brain tissue oxygen monitoring (ptiO2) in neuro-intensive care patients during physiotherapy are completely lacking in the literature. Materials and Methods We performed a post hoc analysis of prospectively collected data of patients on multimodal cerebral monitoring by intracranial pressure (ICP) and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) measurement as well as ptiO2. Patients with severe brain diseases were treated with passive range of motion (PROM)...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
Kang Wang, Zachary M Smith, Richard B Buxton, Erik R Swenson, David J Dubowitz
Low doses of the carbonic anhydrase inhibitor acetazolamide provides accelerated acclimatization to high-altitude hypoxia and prevention of cerebral and other symptoms of acute mountain sickness. We previously observed increases in cerebral O2 metabolism (CMRO2 ) during hypoxia. In this study, we investigate whether low-dose oral acetazolamide (250 mg) reduces this elevated CMRO2 and in turn might improve cerebral tissue oxygenation (PtiO2 ) during acute hypoxia. Six normal human subjects were exposed to 6 h of normobaric hypoxia with and without acetazolamide prophylaxis...
December 15, 2015: Journal of Applied Physiology
Thomas Kerz, Christian Beyer, Alexandra Huthmann, Darius Kalasauskas, Amr Nimer Amr, Stephan Boor, Stefan Welschehold
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has gained acceptance for cerebral monitoring, especially during cardiac surgery, though there are few data showing its validity. We therefore aimed to correlate invasive brain tissue oxygen measurements (PtiO2) with the corresponding NIRS-values (regional oxygen saturation, rSO2). We also studied whether NIRS was able to detect ischemic events, defined as a PtiO2-value of <15 mmHg. Eleven patients were studied with invasive brain tissue oxygen monitoring and continuous-wave NIRS...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Feng Zheng, Olivier Collange, Julien Davidson, Grégoire Barthel, Walid Oulehri, Simon N Thornton, Dan Longrois, Bruno Levy, Gérard Audibert, Jean-Marc Malinovsky, Paul-Michel Mertes
BACKGROUND: In contrast to other types of shock, anaphylactic shock decreases cerebral blood flow more than would be expected from severe arterial hypotension, thus potentially affecting survival through brain ischaemia/hypoxia. We hypothesised that epinephrine (EPI) used as a first-line treatment of anaphylactic shock and arginine vasopressin (AVP) proposed in case of EPI refractoriness may have different effects on brain oxygenation. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of EPI and AVP on brain oxygenation under similar macro-haemodynamic target values in an anaphylactic shock model...
August 2015: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Fuat Arikan, Jordi Vilalta, Ramon Torne, Montserrat Noguer, Carles Lorenzo-Bosquet, Juan Sahuquillo
BACKGROUND: In moyamoya disease (MMD), cerebral revascularization is recommended in patients with recurrent or progressive ischemic events and associated reduced cerebral perfusion reserve. Low-flow bypass with or without indirect revascularization is generally the standard surgical treatment. Intraoperative monitoring of cerebral partial pressure of oxygen (PtiO2) with polarographic Clark-type probes in cerebral artery bypass surgery for MMD-induced chronic cerebral ischemia has not yet been described...
March 2015: Neurosurgery
Anna Leidorf, Marius M Mader, Andreas Hecker, Axel Heimann, Beat Alessandri, Petra Mayr, Oliver Kempski, Gabriele Wöbker
AIM: Monitoring of intracranial pressure (ICP), local cerebral blood flow (CBF) and oxygen is part of modern intensive critical care medicine. Preclinical evaluation of newly developed catheters that should monitor several parameters simultaneously is reported poorly in the literature. The goal of our study was (1) to evaluate a new multi-parametric sensor in brain tissue and (2) to establish a testing protocol using pathophysiological challenges that target measured parameters of the sensor and autoregulatory boundaries and could be used as preclinical standard protocol in future studies...
2014: Turkish Neurosurgery
Claudia Ditz, Ludger Bahlmann, Stephan Klaus, Alexander Keck, Nils Onken, Jan Gliemroth
PURPOSE: Preconditioning with low doses of monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL) has been shown to induce endotoxin tolerance and to reduce the metabolic and hemodynamic consequences of endotoxin shock. However, no data are available about the effects of endotoxin preconditioning on cerebral metabolism during endotoxemia. The study was designed to determine the effects of endotoxin preconditioning with MPL on cerebral metabolism via microdialysis compared to muscle tissue metabolism during experimental endotoxemia...
November 2014: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
A M Domínguez-Berrot, M González-Vaquero, F J Díaz-Domínguez, J Robla-Costales
The main goal of exhaustively monitoring neurocritical patients is to avoid secondary injury. In the last few years we have witnessed an increase in brain monitoring tools, beyond the checking of intracranial and brain perfusion pressures. These widely used systems offer valuable but possibly insufficient information. Awareness and correction of brain hypoxia is a useful and interesting measure, not only for diagnostic purposes but also when deciding treatment, and to predict an outcome. In this context, it would be of great interest to use all the information gathered from brain oxygenation monitoring systems in conjunction with other available multimodal monitoring devices, in order to offer individualized treatment for each patient...
November 2014: Medicina Intensiva
Michael A De Georgia
Brain injury results from ischemia, tissue hypoxia, and a cascade of secondary events. The cornerstone of neurocritical care management is optimization and maintenance of cerebral blood flow (CBF) and oxygen and substrate delivery to prevent or attenuate this secondary damage. New techniques for monitoring brain tissue oxygen tension (PtiO2) are now available. Brain PtiO2 reflects both oxygen delivery and consumption. Brain hypoxia (low brain PtiO2) has been associated with poor outcomes in patients with brain injury...
December 2015: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
John F Stover
Evolving brain damage following traumatic brain injury (TBI) is strongly influenced by complex pathophysiologic cascades including local as well as systemic influences. To successfully prevent secondary progression of the primary damage we must actively search and identify secondary insults e.g. hypoxia, hypotension, uncontrolled hyperventilation, anemia, and hypoglycemia, which are known to aggravate existing brain damage. For this, we must rely on specific cerebral monitoring. Only then can we unmask changes which otherwise would remain hidden, and prevent adequate intensive care treatment...
February 4, 2012: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
M Rahimi Nedjat, M Wähmann, H Bächli, E Güresir, H Vatter, A Raabe, A Heimann, O Kempski, B Alessandri
Recombinant human erythropoietin (EPO) has been successfully tested as neuroprotectant in brain injury models. The first large clinical trial with stroke patients, however, revealed negative results. Reasons are manifold and may include side-effects such as thrombotic complications or interactions with other medication, EPO concentration, penetration of the blood-brain-barrier and/or route of application. The latter is restricted to systemic application. Here we hypothesize that EPO is neuroprotective in a rat model of acute subdural hemorrhage (ASDH) and that direct cortical application is a feasible route of application in this injury type...
May 15, 2013: Neuroscience
J Adam Wilson, Lori A Shutter, Jed A Hartings
Neuromonitoring in patients with severe brain trauma and stroke is often limited to intracranial pressure (ICP); advanced neuroscience intensive care units may also monitor brain oxygenation (partial pressure of brain tissue oxygen, P(bt)O(2)), electroencephalogram (EEG), cerebral blood flow (CBF), or neurochemistry. For example, cortical spreading depolarizations (CSDs) recorded by electrocorticography (ECoG) are associated with delayed cerebral ischemia after subarachnoid hemorrhage and are an attractive target for novel therapeutic approaches...
2013: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
Boret Henry, Carre Emilie, Prunet Bertrand, D'Aranda Erwan
Decompressive craniectomy (DC) following brain injury can induce complications (hemorrhage, infection, and hygroma). It is then considered as a last-tier therapy, and can be deleteriously delayed. Focal neuromonitoring (microdialysis and PtiO2) can help clinicians to decide bedside to perform DC in case of intracranial pressure (ICP) around 20 to 25 mmHg despite maximal medical treatment. This was the case of a hunter, brain injured by gunshot. DC was performed at day 6, because of unstable ICP, ischemic trend of PtiO2, and decreased cerebral glucose but normal lactate/pyruvate ratio...
January 2012: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
R Meierhans, G Brandi, M Fasshauer, J Sommerfeld, R Schüpbach, M Béchir, J Stover
BACKGROUND: Lactate fuels cerebral energy-consuming processes and it is neuroprotective. The impact of arterial lactate on brain metabolism determined by microdialysis was investigated retrospectively in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: Cerebral microdialysis (glucose, lactate), neuromonitoring (ICP, CPP, ptiO2, SjvO2) and blood gas data collected in 20 patients during pharmacologic coma were grouped within predefined arterial lactate clusters (<1, 1-2, >2 mM)...
February 2012: Minerva Anestesiologica
John F Stover
Therapeutic interventions following severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) are substantially influenced by complex and interwoven pathophysiological cascades involving both, local and systemic alterations. Our main duty is to prevent secondary progression of the primary damage. This, in turn, obliges us to actively search and identify secondary insults related, for example, to hypoxia, hypotension, uncontrolled hyperventilation, anaemia, and hypoglycaemia. During pharmacological coma we must rely on specific cerebral monitoring which is indispensable in unmasking otherwise occult changes...
July 21, 2011: Swiss Medical Weekly
A Cerejo, P A Silva, C Dias, R Vaz
INTRODUCTION: The management of incidental unruptured aneurysms remains a matter of controversy; middle-sized or large anterior circulation incidental aneurysms, in young or middle age patients, should be considered for treatment. Surgical clipping is an accepted treatment for middle cerebral artery unruptured aneurysms. Ischemic events can occur even in cases of incidental aneurysm surgery. Since regional cerebral blood flow can be compromised due to temporary arterial clipping or to incorrect placement of defi nitive clip, we performed intra-operative monitoring of brain tissue oxygen concentration (PtiO(2)), to detect changes in brain oxygenation due to reduced blood fl ow, eventually leading to ischemia, during surgery of middle cerebral artery incidental aneurysms...
2011: Surgical Neurology International
S Lubillo, J Blanco, P López, J Domínguez, C Ruiz, I Molina, J Morera
Second level therapeutic maneuvres for controlling intracranial hypertension (ICH) proposed by the European Brain Injury Consortium and the American Association of Neurological Surgeons include barbiturates, moderate hypothermia and more recently the decompressive craniectomy (DC).In most patients, ICP can be maintained below 25 mmHg after a DC. However, the exact effect of DC on brain oxygenation (PtiO2) still unclear. From our point of view the ptIo2 monitoring with the probe located in the healthy area of the most severely damaged cerebral hemisphere is not only a important tool for timing craniectomy in the future but also for evaluating the therapeutic effectivity of DC...
April 2011: Medicina Intensiva
Deepti Bhargava, Yahia Al-Tamimi, Audrey Quinn, Stuart Ross
The traditional axiom that vasospasm induced reduction of blood flow leads to poor tissue oxygenation and ischaemic cellular injury culminating in delayed neurological deficits has been challenged and the efficacy of triple H therapy in reversal of the above is debated. In this study we assess cerebral physiology before and during onset of DIND and with application of triple H therapy with real time neuro-monitoring tools. Patients with Fisher grade 3/4/3 + 4/rebleed were consented. Probes for measuring rCBF, pTiO2, and Microdialysis parameters - glucose, glycerol, lactate, and pyruvate were inserted at time of coiling/clipping...
2011: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
Gerald Huschak, Thomas Hoell, Christian Hohaus, Christian Kern, Yvonne Minkus, Hans-Jörg Meisel
OBJECTIVE: The study presented evaluated the first clinical use of a new multiparameter catheter measuring intracranial pressure (ICP), partial pressure of brain tissue oxygen (ptiO2), and brain temperature (TBr) (Neurovent PTO). To assess the validity of measured ptiO2 a second probe, which represents the current golden standard of ptiO2 measurement, was implanted (Licox system). METHODS: Thirty patients with indicated invasive measurement of ICP under intensive care unit conditions were included...
April 2009: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Thomas Westermaier, Alina Jauss, Jörg Eriskat, Ekkehard Kunze, Klaus Roosen
Present knowledge about hemodynamic and metabolic changes after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) originates from neuromonitoring usually starting with aneurysm surgery and animal studies that have been focusing on the first 1 to 3 h after SAH. Most patients, however, are referred to treatment several hours after the insult. We examined the course of hemodynamic parameters, cerebral blood flow, and tissue oxygenation (ptiO2) in the first 6 h after experimental SAH. Sixteen Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to SAH using the endovascular filament model or served as controls (n=8)...
April 2009: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
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