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febrile convulsion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959664/neuropharmacological-profile-and-chemical-analysis-of-fresh-rhizome-essential-oil-of-curcuma-longa-turmeric-cultivated-in-southwest-nigeria
#1
Idris A Oyemitan, Christianah A Elusiyan, Ayoola O Onifade, Moses A Akanmu, Adebola O Oyedeji, Armando G McDonald
BACKGROUND: Curcuma longa (turmeric) is commonly used as spice and also used to treat fever, cough and febrile convulsions in Nigeria. This study determined the chemical composition of the essential oil of C. longa and evaluated its neuropharmacological activity in mice. METHODS: Essential oil of C. longa (EOCL) fresh rhizome was obtained by hydrodistillation and its chemical composition determined by GC-MS. Acute toxicity (LD50) profile of the essential oil was determined orally (p...
2017: Toxicology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957722/relationship-between-iron-deficiency-anemia-and-febrile-seizures-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Byung Ok Kwak, Kyungmin Kim, Soo-Nyung Kim, Ran Lee
PURPOSE: The association between iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and febrile seizures (FS) during childhood is inconclusive due to inconsistent results reported in different studies. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine an association between IDA and FS in children. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases for studies published up to August 2015 using the following key words: ["iron deficiency" OR "iron status"] AND ["febrile seizure" OR "febrile convulsion"] AND ["pediatric" OR "infant" OR "child"]...
September 15, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941835/pharmacoresistance-with-newer-anti-epileptic-drugs-in-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-with-hippocampal-sclerosis
#3
Michael S Pohlen, Jingxiao Jin, Ronnie S Tobias, Atul Maheshwari
This study aims to evaluate the overall prognosis, prognostic factors, and efficacy of treatment in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS) who have access to third generation anti-epileptic drugs but not to epilepsy surgery. Eighty-five MTLE-HS patients were retrospectively placed into a seizure-free (seizure-free for >1year) or drug-resistant group, and the two groups were compared on the basis of age, sex, age at onset of seizures, duration of epilepsy, side of lesion, handedness, EEG findings, history of CNS infection, history of febrile convulsions, history of head trauma, history of cognitive impairment, family history of seizures, number of current anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs), total number of AED trials, and presence of individual AEDs...
September 19, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886185/clinical-features-and-seasonality-of-parechovirus-infection-in-an-asian-subtropical-city-hong-kong
#4
Grace P K Chiang, Zigui Chen, Martin C W Chan, Simon H M Lee, Angela K Kwok, Apple C M Yeung, E Anthony S Nelson, Kam Lun Hon, Ting Fan Leung, Paul K S Chan
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of human parechovirus (HPeV) in Asia remains obscure. We elucidated the prevalence, seasonality, type distribution and clinical presentation of HPeV among children in Hong Kong. METHODS: A 24-month prospective study to detect HPeV in children ≤36 months hospitalized for acute viral illnesses. RESULTS: 2.3% of the 3911 children examined had HPeV infection, with most (87.5%) concentrated in September-January (autumn-winter)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822872/different-mossy-fiber-sprouting-patterns-in-ilae-hippocampal-sclerosis-types
#5
Barbara Schmeiser, Jinmei Li, Armin Brandt, Josef Zentner, Soroush Doostkam, Thomas M Freiman
OBJECTIVE: Hippocampal sclerosis (HS) is the most prevalent pathology in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) characterized by segmental neuronal cell loss in the cornu ammonis (CA) 1-4. In addition, migration of granule cells and reorganization of their axons is observed, known as granule cell dispersion (GCD) and mossy fiber sprouting (MFS). The loss of mossy fibers` (MF) target cells in CA4 and CA3 was considered to be causative for MFS. The ILAE HS (International League Against Epilepsy) classification identifies three subtypes with different cell loss patterns in CA1-4...
August 8, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713592/clinicodemographic-profile-of-children-with-seizures-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#6
Nagendra Chaudhary, Murli Manohar Gupta, Sandeep Shrestha, Santosh Pathak, Om Prakash Kurmi, B D Bhatia, K N Agarwal
Seizures are one of the common causes for hospital admissions in children with significant mortality and morbidity. This study was conducted to study the prevalence and clinicodemographic profile of children with seizures in a tertiary care hospital of western Nepal. This prospective cross-sectional study conducted over a period of 2 years included all admitted children (2 months-16 years) with seizures. Among 4962 admitted children, seizures were present in 3.4% (n = 168) of children, with male preponderance...
2017: Neurology Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671959/prevalence-of-lassa-virus-disease-lvd-in-nigerian-children-with-fever-or-fever-and-convulsions-in-an-endemic-area
#7
Odigie C Akhuemokhan, Rosemary O Ewah-Odiase, Nosa Akpede, Jacqueline Ehimuan, Donatus I Adomeh, Ikpomwonsa Odia, Sylvia C Olomu, Meike Pahlmann, Beate Becker-Ziaja, Christian T Happi, Danny A Asogun, Sylvanus A Okogbenin, Peter O Okokhere, Osagie S Dawodu, Irekpono U Omoike, Pardis C Sabeti, Stephan Günther, George O Akpede
BACKGROUND: Convulsions with fever in children are a common neurologic emergency in the tropics, and determining the contribution of endemic viral infections can be challenging. In particular, there is a dearth of data on the prevalence and clinical differentiation of Lassa virus disease (LVD) in febrile children in endemic areas of Nigeria, which has multiple lineages of the virus. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and presentation of LVD in febrile children with and without convulsions...
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670589/mothers-experiences-about-febrile-convulsions-in-their-children-a-qualitative-study
#8
Mahbobeh Sajadi, Sharareh Khosravi
BACKGROUND: Febrile convulsion in children is a frightening experience for the mothers. This experience may have unknown aspects, which must be investigated in order to plan better support for the mothers and children. This study is conducted with the aim of exploring the experiences of mothers whose children suffer from febrile convulsion. METHODS: This study was based on a qualitative content analysis. 12 mothers in Amir Kabir hospital of Arak city participated in the study and shared their experiences through semi-structured interviews...
July 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622546/the-semiology-of-febrile-seizures-focal-features-are-frequent
#9
Michihiko Takasu, Tetsuo Kubota, Takeshi Tsuji, Hirokazu Kurahashi, Shingo Numoto, Kazuyoshi Watanabe, Akihisa Okumura
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the semiology of febrile seizures (FS) and to determine the frequency of FS with symptoms suggestive of focal onset. METHODS: FS symptoms in children were reported within 24h of seizure onset by the parents using a structured questionnaire consisting principally of closed-ended questions. We focused on events at seizure commencement, including changes in behavior and facial expression, and ocular and oral symptoms. We also investigated the autonomic and motor symptoms developing during seizures...
June 13, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586508/overexpressing-wild-type-%C3%AE-2-subunits-rescued-the-seizure-phenotype-in-gabrg2-q390x-dravet-syndrome-mice
#10
Xuan Huang, Chengwen Zhou, Mengnan Tian, Jing-Qiong Kang, Wangzhen Shen, Kelienne Verdier, Aurea Pimenta, Robert L MacDonald
OBJECTIVE: The mutant γ-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA ) receptor γ2(Q390X) subunit (Q351X in the mature peptide) has been associated with the epileptic encephalopathy, Dravet syndrome, and the epilepsy syndrome genetic epilepsy with febrile seizures plus (GEFS+). The mutation generates a premature stop codon that results in translation of a stable truncated and misfolded γ2 subunit that accumulates in neurons, forms intracellular aggregates, disrupts incorporation of γ2 subunits into GABAA receptors, and affects trafficking of partnering α and β subunits...
August 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579828/the-effect-of-quercetin-on-pro-and-anti-inflammatory-cytokines-in-a-prenatally-stressed-rat-model-of-febrile-seizures
#11
Nombuso Valencia Pearl Mkhize, Lihle Qulu, Musa Vuyisile Mabandla
Febrile seizures are childhood convulsions resulting from an infection that leads to an inflammatory response and subsequent convulsions. Prenatal stress has been shown to heighten the progression and intensity of febrile seizures. Current medications are costly and have adverse effects associated with prolonged use. Quercetin flavonoid exhibits anti-inflammatory, anti-convulsant, and anti-stress effects. This study was aimed to investigate the therapeutic effect of quercetin in a prenatally stressed rat model of febrile seizures...
2017: Journal of Experimental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572006/electroencephalographic-and-biochemical-long-lasting-abnormalities-in-animal-model-of-febrile-seizure
#12
Haitham S Mohammed, Heba S Aboul Ezz, Heba M Sayed, Maha A Ali
Febrile seizures (FS) are convulsions associated with high body temperature. It has a high incidence in children from the age of 6months to 5years and may have adverse consequences in adulthood. The experimental model of FS could be induced in animals via hyperthermia. The present study was designed to investigate persistent electroencephalographic (EEG), neurochemical and behavioral alterations in adult animals that had experienced complex FS at their immature age. EEG signals were obtained from the cortex of both FS and control normothermic groups of animals...
May 30, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570964/prenatal-stress-potentiates-febrile-seizure-and-leads-to-long-lasting-increase-in-cortisol-blood-levels-in-children-under-2years-old
#13
Peyman Gholipoor, Ehsan Saboory, Ahad Ghazavi, Arezoo Kiyani, Shiva Roshan-Milani, Sedra Mohammadi, Elmira Javanmardi, Yousef Rasmi
Neurological disorders can be exacerbated in an offspring that is exposed to stress prenatally. This study is aimed to investigate the severity of febrile seizures (FS) in the offspring under 2years old that were prenatally stressed. In this study, 158 children below 2years old with FS were selected. Information about convulsion including seizure lasting, recurrence of seizure, age of the first seizure and type of FS was gathered. Blood samples were obtained from the offspring to measure the cortisol blood levels...
May 29, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552510/post-marketing-safety-surveillance-for-inactivated-and-live-attenuated-japanese-encephalitis-vaccines-in-china-2008-2013
#14
Wendi Wu, Dawei Liu, Keli Li, J Pekka Nuorti, Hanna M Nohynek, Disha Xu, Jiakai Ye, Jingshan Zheng, Huaqing Wang
INTRODUCTION: Two types of Japanese encephalitis (JE) vaccines, inactivated JE vaccine (JE-I) and live-attenuated JE vaccine (JE-L), are available and used in China. In particular, one JE-L, produced by a domestic manufacturer in China, was prequalified by WHO in 2013. We assessed the safety of JE vaccines in China during 2008-2013 using the Chinese National Adverse Events Following Immunization Information System (CNAEFIS) data. METHODS: We retrieved AEFI reporting data about JE vaccines from CNAEFIS, 2008-2013, examined demographic characteristics of AEFI cases, and used administrative data on vaccine doses as denominator to calculate and compare crude reporting rates...
June 22, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527083/shared-mechanisms-of-epilepsy-migraine-and-affective-disorders
#15
Davide Zarcone, Simona Corbetta
Since the nineteenth century several clinical features have been observed in common between migraine and epilepsy (such as episodic attacks, triggering factors, presence of aura, frequent familiarity), but only in recent years researchers have really engaged in finding a common pathogenic mechanism. From studies of disease incidence, we understand how either migraine among patients with epilepsy or epilepsy among migraine patients are more frequent than in the general population. This association may result from a direct causality, by the same environmental risk factors and/or by a common genetic susceptibility...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509667/evaluation-of-hippocampal-infolding-angle-and-incomplete-hippocampal-inversion-in-pediatric-patients-with-epilepsy-and-febrile-seizures
#16
Mehtap Beker Acay, Reşit Köken, Ebru Ünlü, Emre Kaçar, Çınar Balçık
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the frequency of incomplete hippocampal inversion (IHI) and the hippocampal infolding angle (HIA) in pediatric patients with no additional abnormal findings in the brain. METHODS: Pediatric brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations conducted between September 2012 and February 2015 were screened and 83 patients with epilepsy, 49 patients with febrile convulsion, and 74 control patients were included in this retrospective study...
July 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486267/evaluation-of-patients-with-febrile-seizure-risk-factors-reccurence-treatment-and-prognosis
#17
Rahime Renda, Deniz Yüksel, Y K Yavuz Gürer
INTRODUCTION: Febrile convulsion (FC) is the most common neurological disorder in childhood. The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors for recurrence and the development of epilepsy from the demographic data of these patients. METHODS: A retrospective study was made of 680 patients with FC who presented to our hospital. Patients with only FC were defined as group 1 and those who developed epilepsy after FC as group 2. Comparisons were made between the 2 groups of the demographic parameters, parental consanguinity, familial history of FCs or epilepsy, criteria for starting prophylactic treatment, response to treatment, risk factors for recurrence, and results of electroencephalogram...
May 8, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482763/clinical-characteristics-and-risk-factors-for-seizures-associated-with-norovirus-gastroenteritis-in-childhood
#18
Mei-Hua Hu, Kuang-Lin Lin, Chang-Teng Wu, Shih-Yen Chen, Go-Shine Huang
Norovirus has become increasingly recognized as causing viral gastroenteritis in children. Few data are available on the characteristics of children admitted to pediatric emergency departments with norovirus gastroenteritis and accompanying seizures. Our aim in this study was to describe the clinical features of, and risk factors for, seizures accompanying norovirus gastroenteritis. We collected 6359 stool samples from patients with gastroenteritis, of whom 1444 (22.71%) had laboratory-confirmed norovirus gastroenteritis...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481690/two-year-antibody-persistence-in-children-vaccinated-at-12-15%C3%A2-months-with-a-measles-mumps-rubella-virus-vaccine-without-human-serum-albumin
#19
Andrea A Berry, Remon Abu-Elyazeed, Clemente Diaz-Perez, Maurice A Mufson, Christopher J Harrison, Michael Leonardi, Jerry D Twiggs, Christopher Peltier, Stanley Grogg, Antonio Carbayo, Steven Shapiro, Michael Povey, Carmen Baccarini, Bruce L Innis, Ouzama Henry
One combined measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine without Human Serum Albumin (HSA) is currently licensed in the USA (M-M-R II; Merck, USA) and another has been developed (Priorix™ [MMR-RIT, GSK, Belgium]). In this follow-up study, children from USA or Puerto Rico, who had received one dose of M-M-R II or MMR-RIT at 12-15 months of age in the primary study (NCT00861744), were followed-up for 2 y post-vaccination. Anti-measles and anti-rubella antibodies were measured using Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA), and anti-mumps antibodies using ELISA and plaque reduction neutralization (PRN) assays...
July 3, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462555/neoplastic-fever-all-who-shiver-are-not-infected
#20
Yogesh B Sharma, Aparna Vishal More
We report the case of previously healthy 14 years old male who presented high grade fever and headache. There was a history of convulsion at age of 7 years, so MRI Brain was done. It was suggestive of a central nervous system neoplasm. Our patient had only two days of fever which is an unusual presentation of a neoplasm. The paper should be of interest to the clinicians as neoplastic fever as cause of acute febrile illness is considered as a remote possibility.
March 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
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