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halux valgus

Andrea Casati, Guido Fanelli, Zbigniew Koscielniak-Nielsen, Gianluca Cappelleri, Giorgio Aldegheri, Giorgio Danelli, Régis Fuzier, François Singelyn
UNLABELLED: We prospectively tested the hypothesis that the use of a stimulating catheter improves the efficacy of continuous posterior popliteal sciatic nerve block in 100 randomized patients scheduled for elective orthopedic foot surgery. After eliciting a sciatic mediated muscular twitch at < or = 0.5 mA nerve stimulation output, the perineural catheter was advanced 2-4 cm beyond the tip of the introducer either blindly (Group C; n = 50) or stimulating via the catheter (Group S; n = 50)...
October 2005: Anesthesia and Analgesia
G C Pitsis, J P Best, M R Sullivan
Stress fractures of the toes are rare. Most reported fractures of the proximal phalanx of the great toe have been associated with halux valgus deformity. Two cases are presented that illustrate several unique features of this rare injury which have not been reported before. One of the cases went on to non-union, requiring bone grafting and internal fixation.
December 2004: British Journal of Sports Medicine
R D Phillips, D M Reczek, D Fountain, J Renner, D B Park
One of the reasons that high heels may contribute to the formation of halux valgus is that the wearers pronate during propulsion. This pilot study was performed to determine whether relocation of the heel under the counter of a fashion high-heeled pump could change the degree of pronation of the foot during the gait cycle. The authors report that more foot stability was experienced by the subjects when the center of the heel was offset between 2 and 4 mm medial to the center of the heel counter. This study is designed to promote further research into whether the shoe industry should change the design parameters of high-heeled fashion shoes in order to improve foot function...
April 1991: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
N Gschwend, M Barbier, W R Dybowski
The forefoot reconstruction as a routine treatment, is increasing in significance, not only in treating polyarthritic patients, but also after numerous surgical failures in treating halux valgus or hammer toes. Far from being a simple operation, the reconstruction requires an exact knowledge of the physiopathology of the foot. Special attention should be given to the digital and metatarsal formula. Based on an analysis of 200 forefoot reconstructions, the advantages and the disadvantages of the various methods are discussed...
April 22, 1977: Archiv Für Orthopädische und Unfall-Chirurgie
M Paulin, B Tomeno
The authors have treated 63 halluces valgi by simple excision of the exostosis and bunion. In 18 the results were unsatisfactory. It was concluded that this procedure was worthwhile in the following conditions: --absence of arthrosis,--halux valgus of less than 30 degrees,--and an angle between the first and second metatarsal of less than 10 degrees. The age of the patient and the morphology of the feet (Egyptian or Greek) did not influence the results. Fixation of the capsule to the metatarsal at the end of the operation is recommended...
December 1976: Revue de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Réparatrice de L'appareil Moteur
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