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Pelvic fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448710/-toddler-s-fracture-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#1
I Corres-Franco, F Mas-Celis, P Castañeda-Leeder
INTRODUCTION: The suspected diagnosis of a Toddler's fracture can often be complicated by an unclear history, the lack of specific clinical findings and the absence of obvious changes in the initial radiographs. We present the case of an infant of 3 years and 7 months old with a history of falling from her own height with a rotation mechanism of the left pelvic limb. The purpose of this paper is to describe the etiopathology, diagnosis and therapeutic management of these fractures. DISCUSSION: The clinical history, physical examination and the use of imaging studies help identify Toddler's fractures, pathology that must be known to medical specialists for an ideal treatment...
September 2016: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447123/preperitoneal-pelvic-packing-for-exsanguinating-pelvic-fractures
#2
REVIEW
Clay Cothren Burlew
Patients with haemodynamic instability due to pelvic fracture-related bleeding can have life-threatening haemorrhage. Management options for haemorrhage control in complex pelvic fractures include bony stabilization, angioembolization, and preperitoneal pelvic packing (PPP). The indications for PPP as well as the operative technique and outcomes will be described in this review. PPP directly addresses the bony and venous bleeding of complex pelvic fractures, which results in the majority of blood loss in exsanguinating patients...
April 26, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447106/defining-hip-fracture-with-claims-data-outpatient-and-provider-claims-matter
#3
S D Berry, A R Zullo, K McConeghy, Y Lee, L Daiello, D P Kiel
Medicare claims are commonly used to identify hip fractures, but there is no universally accepted definition. We found that a definition using inpatient claims identified fewer fractures than a definition including outpatient and provider claims. Few additional fractures were identified by including inconsistent diagnostic and procedural codes at contiguous sites. INTRODUCTION: Medicare claims data is commonly used in research studies to identify hip fractures, but there is no universally accepted definition of fracture...
April 26, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444758/intraoperative-use-of-a-transarticular-circular-fixator-construct-to-facilitate-reduction-and-stabilisation-of-a-proximal-tibial-physeal-fracture-in-a-dog
#4
M D Johnson, D D Lewis, M D Winter
CASE REPORT: A 4-month-old female intact American Pit Bull Terrier was presented for right pelvic limb lameness 1 day after the dog had been hit by an all-terrain vehicle. Orthogonal radiographs of the right stifle revealed a Salter-Harris type IV fracture through the proximal tibial physis extending caudodistally through the proximal tibial metaphysis. The distal tibia was markedly displaced cranially, laterally and proximally, resulting in complete overriding of the fracture segments...
May 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442385/the-immediate-management-of-pelvic-fracture-urethral-injury-endoscopic-realignment-or-cystostomy
#5
Qingsong Zou, Shukui Zhou, Kaile Zhang, Naixing Yang, Qiang Fu
PURPOSE: To determine whether endoscopic realignment or cystostomy provides the best immediate management of pelvic fracture urethral injury (PFUI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 590 patients with PFUI and included 522 cases due to strict criteria: endoscopic realignment group (129 patients) and cystostomy (393 patients). Data regarding stricture formation, stricture length, intervention technique, and long-term functional outcomes were analyzed...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441308/factors-associated-with-the-development-of-and-revision-for-proximal-junctional-kyphosis-in-440-consecutive-adult-spinal-deformity-patients
#6
Fred H Nicholls, Junseok Bae, Alexander A Theologis, Murat S Eksi, Christopher P Ames, Sigurd H Berven, Shane Burch, Bobby K Tay, Vedat Deviren
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospectively collected data OBJECTIVE.: The aim of this study was to examine which radiographic parameters and surgical strategies are most closely associated with proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) after adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery, the need for revision surgery for PJK, and whether these differ based on the upper instrumented vertebra (UIV). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Multiple parameters are considered when planning correction of ASD...
April 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439704/treatment-of-type-b-pelvic-fracture-using-anterior-subcutaneous-internal-fixator-with-triple-pedicle-screws-a-new-surgical-technique
#7
Qian Wang, Qiugen Wang, Jiandong Wang
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of anterior subcutaneous internal fixator using triple pedicle screws (ASIF/TPS) in the treatment of unstable type B pelvic fracture compared with open reduction internal fixation (ORIF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of 26 patients with type B unstable fractures that underwent ASIF/TPS and 26 similar patients that underwent ORIF using plates and screws. Intraoperative blood loss, operating time, and post operation hospitalization duration were compared...
April 24, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439309/paediatric-pelvic-fractures-how-do-they-differ-from-adults
#8
E Hermans, S T Cornelisse, J Biert, E C T H Tan, M J R Edwards
BACKGROUND: The aim of this article was to review the incidence, presentation, treatment and complications of paediatric pelvic fractures of children who were admitted to our level 1 trauma centre and to compare them with our data from adult pelvic fracture patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of all children with pelvic fractures who were managed at our institution between January 1993 and December 2013 and compared the data with our database on pelvic fractures in adults during the period 2007 to 2012...
2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435565/lumbosacral-plexopathy-in-pelvic-injury-a-cause-of-hip-instability-in-acetabular-fractures-a-report-of-two-cases
#9
N Kumar, M Q Wayne-Yap, Kwek Ebk
Lumbosacral plexopathy is a rare clinical entity that results in potentially severe neurological deficit. The clinical presentation of lumbosacral plexopathy includes motor and sensory deficits. However to the best of our knowledge, hip instability secondary to lumbosacral plexopathy has not been reported in current literature. We report two cases of pelvic injury in which recurrent hip subluxation occurred following fixation of acetabular fractures. We attribute this to inadequate hip muscle tension from the associated lumbosacral plexopathy...
July 2016: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424914/association-of-femoral-head-and-acetabular-fractures-on-computerized-tomography-correlation-with-the-judet-letournel-classification
#10
Nicholas M Beckmann, Naga R Chinapuvvula, Chunyan Cai
PURPOSE: Tha aims of this study were to identify the incidence of femoral head fractures in the setting of acetabular fractures and to determine the relationship between acetabular fracture pattern, the degree of acetabular fracture displacement, and the incidence of femoral head fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of 274 patients with 300 acetabular fractures diagnosed on pelvic CT. Acetabular fractures were categorized using the Judet-Letournel classification system...
April 19, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424109/the-impact-of-gender-on-complications-and-outcomes-of-pelvic-fracture
#11
John M Adams, Dorian A Bogdanovski, Louis T Difazio, Jaroslaw W Bilaniuk, Brian K Siegel, Luca Antonioli, Stefanie A Pilip, Zoltan H Nemeth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421287/-age-89-years-depression-fall-with-pelvic-fracture-severe-confusion-serotonin-syndrome-differential-diagnosis-importance-of-cyp450-and-economic-considerations
#12
REVIEW
W Weinrebe, A Moutaouakil, K Risz, M Martin, K Jeckelmann, S Goetz
A case study of an 89-year-old patient is reported, who was admitted to hospital because of immobility due to pain. After the cause of the pain could initially be clarified and treated, the further clinical course in this very old woman showed an alarming symptom complex of agitation, confusion and cognitive deterioration, which took on grave forms. The work-up of this case showed a typical constellation of pain and depression in old age; however, the pharmaceutical treatment in this case is not atypical and could lead to a severe serotonin syndrome...
April 18, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420360/operative-versus-conservative-treatment-of-apophyseal-avulsion-fractures-of-the-pelvis-in-the-adolescents-a-systematical-review-with-meta-analysis-of-clinical-outcome-and-return-to-sports
#13
H Eberbach, L Hohloch, M J Feucht, L Konstantinidis, N P Südkamp, J Zwingmann
BACKGROUND: Avulsion fractures of the pelvic apophyses typically occur in adolescent athletes due to a sudden strong muscle contraction while growth plates are still open. The main goals of this systematic review with meta-analysis were to summarize the evidence on clinical outcome and determine the rate of return to sports after conservative versus operative treatment of avulsion fractures of the pelvis. METHODS: A systematic search of the Ovid database was performed in December 2016 to identify all published articles reporting outcome and return to preinjury sport-level after conservative or operative treatment of avulsion fractures of the pelvis in adolescent patients...
April 19, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418276/thrombin-antithrombin-iii-complex-tests
#14
Sang Yang Lee, Takahiro Niikura, Takashi Iwakura, Yoshitada Sakai, Ryosuke Kuroda, Masahiro Kurosaka
PURPOSE: Patients with fractures of the pelvis and/or lower extremities are at a high risk of developing postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE). The purpose of this study was to determine whether the thrombin-antithrombin III complex (TAT) tests could be used for postoperative screening of VTE in patients with lower limb or pelvic fractures. METHODS: We enrolled 133 patients who underwent surgical treatment for fracture of the pelvis or lower extremities. TAT and D-dimer levels were compared in patients with and without VTE...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416838/-clinical-research-on-robot-assisted-percutaneous-pelvic-and-acetabular-screws-surgery
#15
C P Zhao, J Q Wang, Y G Su, W Han, L Zhou, M Y Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the security and efficiency of a surgical robotic assisted percutaneous screw fixation for the treatment of pelvic and acetabular fractures. METHODS: In the study, 12 patients with pelvic and acetabular fractures who were treated in Beijing Jishuitan Hospital from January to April in 2016 were involved in this research. The research subjects were randomly divided into two groups: the experimental group and the control group. Robotic-assisted percutaneous sacroiliac screw internal fixations were performed under the guidance of fluoroscopy navigation in the experimental group; in the control group, doctors operated manually guided by fluoroscopy...
April 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415881/hip-and-pelvic-fracture-patients-with-fear-of-falling-development-and-description-of-the-step-by-step-treatment-protocol
#16
Karin Kampe, Michaela Kohler, Diana Albrecht, Clemens Becker, Martin Hautzinger, Ulrich Lindemann, Klaus Pfeiffer
OBJECTIVE: Based on a theoretical framework and sound evidence, this article describes a rehabilitation programme for patients with fear of falling after hip and pelvic fracture. RATIONALE: Based on exercise science principles, current knowledge from fall prevention, emotion regulation, and the Health Action Process Approach we developed a theoretical framework, from which the components of the intervention were derived. Description of the intervention: The intervention consists of 6 components: (1) relaxation, (2) meaningful activities and mobility-based goals, (3) falls related cognitions and emotions, coping with high risk tasks and situations, (4) individual exercise programme, (5) planning and implementing exercises and activities, and (6) fall risks and hazards...
May 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412162/incidence-and-clinical-features-of-sacral-insufficiency-fracture-in-the-emergency-department
#17
Yasuaki Tamaki, Akihiro Nagamachi, Kazumasa Inoue, Makoto Takeuchi, Kosuke Sugiura, Yasuyuki Omichi, Shunsuke Tamaki, Takashi Chikawa, Koichi Sairyo, Keisuke Adachi
INTRODUCTION: A sacral insufficiency fracture (SIF) often manifests as low back pain or sciatica in the absence of any antecedent trauma. These fractures may be missed because of lack of appropriate imaging. The purpose of this study was to clarify the incidence and clinical features of SIF as well as the characteristic findings on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the lumbar spine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study participants comprised 250 patients (132 male, 118 female; mean age 58...
March 18, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409337/surgical-considerations-with-the-operative-fixation-of-unstable-paediatric-pelvic-ring-injuries
#18
Mohamed Kenawey
INTRODUCTION: The operative treatment of unstable pelvic injuries in paediatrics is not frequently indicated. The detailed modes of pelvic ring failure, surgical techniques, fixation choices, and peri-operative difficulties are not well reported. METHODS: From September 2010 to March 2016, 62 paediatric patients were admitted to an academic level I trauma center with the diagnosis of pelvic ring injury. Of them, 29 (17 males and 12 females) had operative fixation of unstable pelvic injuries...
April 13, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409141/intrathoracic-fracture-dislocation-of-the-humerus-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Wilson Carlos Sola Junior, Paulo Sérgio Dos Santos
Shoulder fracture-dislocations are uncommon. Those associated with intrathoracic dislocation are very rare conditions, resulting from high-energy trauma; usually, the affected limb is in an abduction position. In Brazil, there is only one report of a teenager with displacement of the epiphysis into the chest cavity; the present is the first adult patient report of intrathoracic dislocation of the humerus. The authors present the case of a patient female, aged 56 years, who was hit by motorcycle and thrown approximately 5 meters away...
March 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409137/posterior-three-column-osteotomies-for-the-treatment-of-rigid-thoracic-kyphosis-a-case-series
#20
Marcelo Simoni Simões, Ernani Vianna de Abreu, Bruno Costamilan Winkler
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results and complications of a series of patients who underwent three-column osteotomy using the posterior approach for correction of complex cases of rigid dorsal kyphotic deformity. METHODS: Review of clinical records and images of 15 consecutive cases of pedicle subtraction osteotomies, bone-disk-bone osteotomies, or vertebral column resection, recording the etiology, type and level of osteotomy, extension of fixation, complications, and pre- and post-surgical measurements of the sagittal curves and pelvic parameters...
March 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
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