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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228447/ethical-and-medico-legal-remarks-on-uterus-transplantation-may-it-solve-uterine-factor-infertility
#1
S Zaami, E Marinelli, N M di Luca, G Montanari Vergallo
Uterus transplantation was firstly tested with animal trials sixty-five years ago. Despite several successful attempts in human subjects, the different procedures still lay at the experimental stage, in need of further studies and investigations before they can be considered as standard clinical practices. Uterus transplant cannot be regarded as a life-saving procedure, but rather a method to restore woman ability to procreate, when lost, thus improving her quality of life. Uterus transplant is a complex surgical procedure and presents significant health threats...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227945/a-new-framework-proposal-towards-a-common-eu-agricultural-policy-with-the-best-sustainable-practices-for-the-re-use-of-olive-mill-wastewater
#2
REVIEW
T M Koutsos, T Chatzistathis, E I Balampekou
The disposal of olive mill wastewater (OMW) is a serious environmental issue for the Mediterranean countries. However, there is still no common European legislation on the management and the re-use of OMW in agriculture, in the frame of sustainable crop management and the standards for the safe OMW disposal and re-use are left to be set by each EU country, individually. This review paper presents the most effective and sustainable practices for OMW, (treatment, application and management), which can maximize the benefits of OMW on crops and soils, while minimizing the potential hazards for public health, thus promoting environmental sustainability...
December 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227880/the-relationship-between-australian-harm-minimisation-alcohol-education-and-student-uptake-consumption-and-harm
#3
Richard Midford, Leanne Lester, Tahlia Williams, Victoria White
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use by young people is a public health concern in Australia because of the disproportionate harm they experience. Accordingly, governments have sought to protect young people, with school identified as an appropriate site for drug, including alcohol, prevention through education. School-based drug education programmes, however, have not been particularly effective, and even when individual programs report prevention benefits they can be criticised for being developed and evaluated by the same group...
December 8, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227753/the-magnitude-of-a-community-s-health-needs-and-nonprofit-hospitals-progress-in-meeting-those-needs-are-we-faced-with-a-paradox
#4
Simone R Singh, Geri R Cramer, Gary J Young
OBJECTIVES: Although most nonprofit hospitals are required to conduct periodic community health needs assessments (CHNAs), such assessments arguably are most critical for communities with substantial health needs. The objective of this study was to describe differences in progress in conducting CHNAs between hospitals located in communities with the greatest compared with the fewest health needs. METHODS: We used data on CHNA activity from the 2013 tax filings of 1331 US hospitals combined with data on community health needs from the County Health Rankings...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227709/a-review-study-on-the-beneficial-effects-of-baduanjin
#5
Liye Zou, Zhujun Pan, Albert Yeung, Saira Talwar, Chaoyi Wang, Yang Liu, Yankai Shu, Xiaoan Chen, Garrett Anthony Thomas
AIM: Baduanjin, a Chinese traditional Qigong exercise that focuses on a mind-body integration, is considered to be an effective exercise in promoting health. Thus, we systematically and critically evaluated the emerging literature relating to the effects of Baduanjin on health outcomes. METHODS: We used seven English-language electronic databases for the literature search. At least one health-related parameter was reported in retrievable full-text Baduanjin intervention studies...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227526/bioactive-peptides-derived-from-seaweed-protein-and-their-health-benefits-antihypertensive-antioxidant-and-antidiabetic-properties
#6
REVIEW
Habtamu Admassu, Mohammed Abdalbasit A Gasmalla, Ruijin Yang, Wei Zhao
Cardiovascular diseases and diabetes are the biggest causes of death globally. Therefore, prevention of these diseases is a focus of pharmaceuticals and functional food manufacturers. This review summarizes recent research trends and scientific knowledge in seaweed protein-derived peptides with particular emphasis on production, isolation and potential health impacts in prevention of hypertension, diabetes and oxidative stress. The current status and future prospects of bioactive peptides are also discussed...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227446/meta-analysis-of-cochlear-implantation-outcomes-evaluated-with-general-health-related-patient-reported-outcome-measures
#7
Theodore R McRackan, Michael Bauschard, Jonathan L Hatch, Emily Franko-Tobin, Harris Richard Droghini, Craig A Velozo, Shaun A Nguyen, Judy R Dubno
OBJECTIVE: Determine the change in general health-related quality of life (HRQOL) after cochlear implantation and association with speech recognition. STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis. METHODS: Search was performed following the PRISMA statement using PubMed, Medline, Scopus, and CINAHL. Studies on adult cochlear implant (CI) patients measuring HRQOL before and after cochlear implantation were included. Standardized mean difference (SMD) for each measure and pooled effects were determined...
January 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227416/rurality-quality-improvement-maturity-and-accreditation-readiness-a-comparison-study-of-colorado-kansas-and-nebraska-local-health-departments
#8
Abbey Gregg, Sarbinaz Bekmuratova, David Palm, Lisa VanRaemdonck, Gianfranco Pezzino, Li-Wu Chen, Peter Manetta
OBJECTIVE: To compare local health department (LHD) accreditation readiness (AR) and quality improvement (QI) maturity in 3 states, between LHDs with varying levels of rurality, and across an LHD staffing-level continuum. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional comparative study that included an online survey administered to LHD directors in Colorado, Kansas, and Nebraska. The survey included 10 questions assessed on a 5-point Likert scale covering 3 QI domains and 13 questions covering 5 AR domains...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227357/risk-management-interventions-to-reduce-injuries-and-maximize-economic-benefits-in-u-s-mining
#9
Stephanie C Griffin, David P Bui, Gautam Gowrisankaran, Eric A Lutz, Charles He, Chengcheng Hu, Jefferey L Burgess
OBJECTIVE: Risk management (RM) is a cyclical process of identifying and ranking risks, implementing controls, and evaluating their effectiveness. This study aims to identify effective RM interventions in the U.S. mining industry. METHODS: RM interventions were identified in four companies representing metal, aggregate and coal mining sectors. Injury rates were determined using Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) data and changes in injury rates identified through change point analysis...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227132/mental-illness-in-bwindi-uganda-understanding-stakeholder-perceptions-of-benefits-and-barriers-to-developing-a-community-based-mental-health-programme
#10
Kristen L Sessions, Lydia Wheeler, Arya Shah, Deenah Farrell, Edwin Agaba, Yusufu Kuule, Stephen P Merry
BACKGROUND: Mental illness has been increasingly recognised as a source of morbidity in low- and middle-income countries and significant treatment gaps exist worldwide. Studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of task sharing through community-based treatment models for addressing international mental health issues. AIM: This paper aims to evaluate the perceptions of a wide range of mental health stakeholders in a Ugandan community regarding the benefits and barriers to developing a community-based mental health programme...
November 30, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226949/thrombolysis-for-acute-upper-extremity-deep-vein-thrombosis
#11
REVIEW
Joshua Feinberg, Emil Eik Nielsen, Janus C Jakobsen
BACKGROUND: About 5% to 10% of all deep vein thromboses occur in the upper extremities. Serious complications of upper extremity deep vein thrombosis, such as post-thrombotic syndrome and pulmonary embolism, may in theory be avoided using thrombolysis. No systematic review has assessed the effects of thrombolysis for the treatment of individuals with acute upper extremity deep vein thrombosis. OBJECTIVES: To assess the beneficial and harmful effects of thrombolysis for the treatment of individuals with acute upper extremity deep vein thrombosis...
December 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226851/main-problems-and-suggested-solutions-for-improving-radiation-protection-in-medicine-in-ibero-american-countries-summary-of-an-international-conference-held-in-madrid-2016
#12
Eliseo Vano, Pablo Jimenez, Raul Ramirez, Javier Zarzuela, Ana Maria Larcher, Eduardo Gallego, Santiago Gonzalez, Maria Del Rosario Perez
During the International Conference on Radiation Protection in Medicine held in Bonn in 2012, several areas for improvement were identified, including specific actions related with justification, optimization, role of manufacturers, radiation protection education and training, strategic research, data collection on medical and occupational exposures, prevention of incidents and accidents, radiation safety culture, risk-benefit dialogue and implementation of the radiation safety standards. The outcomes of the Bonn Conference were summarized in the so-called 'Bonn Call for Action', identifying 10 priority actions to enhance RP in medicine...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226794/mental-health-of-immigrants-and-refugees-seeking-legal-services-on-the-us-mexico-border
#13
Yok-Fong Paat, Rachel Green
The debates on the mental health benefits associated with immigration are mixed. On the one hand, immigrants are provided with more opportunities not available in their home countries. On the other hand, they are far away from home and may have been exposed to traumatic experiences on their journeys to the receiving country. Even after settling down in the receiving country, most continue to face legal battles associated with their immigration status, as shown in this study. This study examined the risk and protective factors associated with the mental health conditions in a sample of 39 immigrants and refugees seeking legal services on the US-Mexico border...
October 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226606/the-challenges-of-implementing-an-integrated-one-health-surveillance-system-in-australia
#14
I Johnson, A Hansen, P Bi
As 75 per cent of emerging infectious diseases are of animal origin, a One Health approach that integrates the health of humans, animals and the environment could provide an earlier opportunity for zoonotic disease detection and prevention. In Australia, human, animal and ecological health are managed by separate sectors with limited communication. This study aims to explore how professionals in these fields perceive a One Health approach to zoonotic disease surveillance, aiming to identify the challenges to the implementation of an integrated system in Australia...
December 10, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226561/the-long-term-effects-of-faecal-microbiota-transplantation-for-gastrointestinal-symptoms-and-general-health-in-patients-with-recurrent-clostridium-difficile-infection
#15
J Jalanka, A Hillamaa, R Satokari, E Mattila, V-J Anttila, P Arkkila
BACKGROUND: Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is an effective treatment for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection. In short-term the treatment has been shown to be safe, however, there are no large, long-term follow-up studies looking into the potential adverse effects. AIM: To analyse the long-term effect of FMT treatment in patients with recurrent C. difficile infection and to compare the outcome to antibiotic treated patients. METHODS: Altogether 84 patients of which 45 received a FMT treatment and 39 served as controls receiving antibiotics for the infection were followed on average for 3...
December 11, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226480/successful-pancreas-transplantation-alone-is-associated-with-excellent-self-identified-health-score-and-glucose-control-a-retrospective-study-from-a-high-volume-center-in-the-united-states
#16
Joseph R Scalea, Lauren Pettinato, Blythe Fiscella, Amanda Bartosic, Allison Piedmonte, Jastine Paran, Niket Todi, Eric J Siskind, Stephen T Bartlett
BACKGROUND: The benefits of pancreas transplantation are often difficult to measure. Here, we sought to determine the difference in quality of life for diabetic patients with and without a functional pancreas transplant alone (PTA). METHODS: PTA cases from 1993-2015 were considered. An IRB-approved survey inclusive of 15 questions spanning 4 domains was employed. Chi-square, Fischer's exact, and the T-test were used where appropriate. RESULTS: 137 PTAs were performed during the study period...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226214/the-legacy-of-slavery-and-contemporary-declines-in-heart-disease-mortality-in-the-u-s-south
#17
Michael R Kramer, Nyesha C Black, Stephen A Matthews, Sherman A James
Background: This study aims to characterize the role of county-specific legacy of slavery in patterning temporal (i.e., 1968-2014), and geographic (i.e., Southern counties) declines in heart disease mortality. In this context, the U.S. has witnessed dramatic declines in heart disease mortality since the 1960's, which have benefitted place and race groups unevenly, with slower declines in the South, especially for the Black population. Methods: Age-adjusted race- and county-specific mortality rates from 1968-2014 for all diseases of the heart were calculated for all Southern U...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226031/sodium-salt-medium-chain-fatty-acids-and-bacillus-based-probiotic-strategies-to-improve-growth-and-intestinal-health-of-gilthead-sea-bream-sparus-aurata
#18
Paula Simó-Mirabet, M Carla Piazzon, Josep Alvar Calduch-Giner, Álvaro Ortiz, Mónica Puyalto, Ariadna Sitjà-Bobadilla, Jaume Pérez-Sánchez
Background: The increased demand for fish protein has led to the intensification of aquaculture practices which are hampered by nutritional and health factors affecting growth performance. To solve these problems, antibiotics have been used for many years in the prevention, control and treatment against disease as well as growth promoters to improve animal performance. Nowadays, the use of antibiotics in the European Union and other countries has been completely or partially banned as a result of the existence of antibiotic cross-resistance...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225970/dialysis-provision-and-implications-of-health-economics-on-peritoneal-dialysis-utilization-a-review-from-a-malaysian-perspective
#19
REVIEW
Mohd Rizal Abdul Manaf, Naren Kumar Surendra, Abdul Halim Abdul Gafor, Lai Seong Hooi, Sunita Bavanandan
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is managed by either lifesaving hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) or a kidney transplant. In Malaysia, the prevalence of dialysis-treated ESRD patients has shown an exponential growth from 504 per million population (pmp) in 2005 to 1155 pmp in 2014. There were 1046 pmp patients on HD and 109 pmp patients on PD in 2014. Kidney transplants are limited due to lack of donors. Malaysia adopts public-private financing model for dialysis. Majority of HD patients were treated in the private sector but almost all PD patients were treated in government facilities...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225931/community-preferences-for-a-social-health-insurance-benefit-package-an-exploratory-study-among-the-uninsured-in-vietnam
#20
Hoa Thi Nguyen, Tinh Viet Luu, Gerald Leppert, Manuela De Allegri
Understanding public preferences in terms of health benefit packages (HBPs) remains limited, yet gathering community insights is an important endeavour when developing people-centred health systems and moving towards universal health coverage. Our study aimed to address this gap in knowledge by eliciting community preferences for the social health insurance benefit package among the uninsured in Vietnam. We adopted a mixed methods approach that included a ranking exercise followed by focus group discussions...
2017: BMJ Global Health
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