keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

AKI epidemiology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607016/drug-sensitivity-and-resistance-mechanism-in-aspergillus-section-nigri-strains-from-japan
#1
Aki Hashimoto, Daisuke Hagiwara, Akira Watanabe, Maki Yahiro, Alimu Yikelamu, Takashi Yaguchi, Katsuhiko Kamei
Aspergillus niger and its related species, known as Aspergillus section Nigri, are ubiquitously distributed across the globe and are often isolated from clinical specimens. In Japan, Aspergillus section Nigri is the second-most often isolated from clinical specimens following A. fumigatus. We determined the species of Aspergillus section Nigri isolated in Japan by DNA sequencing of partial β-tubulin genes and investigated drug susceptibility by CLSI M38-A2 method. The collection contained 20 A. niger, 59 A...
June 12, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595179/epigenetic-changes-in-the-acute-kidney-injury-to-chronic-kidney-disease-transition
#2
Masaomi Nangaku, Yosuke Hirakawa, Imari Mimura, Reiko Inagi, Tetsuhiro Tanaka
Previously acute kidney injury (AKI) had been believed to be a transient event, and recovery from AKI had been thought to lead to no consequences. However, recent epidemiological studies have shown that even if there is complete recovery of the kidney function, AKI can eventually result in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and eventually in end-stage kidney disease in the long term. Transition of AKI to CKD is mediated by multiple mechanisms, including aberrant cell cycle arrest and hypoxia. Hypoxia of the kidney is induced by rarefaction of the peritubular capillaries after AKI episodes, and induces inflammation and fibrosis...
June 9, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594397/establishment-of-a-quick-and-highly-accurate-breath-test-for-aldh2-genotyping
#3
Ikuo Aoyama, Shinya Ohashi, Yusuke Amanuma, Kenshiro Hirohashi, Ayaka Mizumoto, Makiko Funakoshi, Mihoko Tsurumaki, Yukie Nakai, Katsuyuki Tanaka, Mariko Hanada, Aki Uesaka, Tsutomu Chiba, Manabu Muto
OBJECTIVES: Acetaldehyde, the first metabolite of ethanol, is a definite carcinogen for the esophagus, head, and neck; and aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) is a mitochondrial enzyme that catalyzes the metabolism of acetaldehyde. The ALDH2 genotype exists as ALDH2*1/*1 (active ALDH2), ALDH2*1/*2 (heterozygous inactive ALDH2), and ALDH2*2/*2 (homozygous inactive ALDH2). Many epidemiological studies have reported that ALDH2*2 carriers are at high risk for esophageal or head and neck squamous cell carcinomas by habitual drinking...
June 8, 2017: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590149/objective-working-hour-characteristics-and-work-life-conflict-among-hospital-employees-in-the-finnish-public-sector-study
#4
Kati Karhula, Sampsa Puttonen, Annina Ropponen, Aki Koskinen, Anneli Ojajärvi, Mika Kivimäki, Mikko Härmä
This epidemiological cohort study, based on Finnish public sector data, investigated the associations between objective working hour characteristics and work-life conflict in day and shift work. The comprehensive data of hospital workers (n = 8 931, 92% women, average age 45 years), consisted of survey responses from 2012, linked with the payroll data of working hour characteristics from 91 days preceding the survey. Logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the associations between working hour characteristics and experiencing work-life conflict often/very often...
June 7, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528131/no-increase-in-the-incidence-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-a-population-based-annual-temporal-trends-epidemiology-study
#5
Kianoush Kashani, Min Shao, Guangxi Li, Amy W Williams, Andrew D Rule, Walter K Kremers, Michael Malinchoc, Ognjen Gajic, John C Lieske
Recent literature suggests an increase in the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI). We evaluated population-based trends of AKI over the course of nine years, using a validated electronic health record tool to detect AKI. All adult residents (18 years of age and older) of Olmsted County, Minnesota (MN), admitted to the Mayo Clinic Hospital between 2006 and 2014 were included. The incidence rate of AKI was calculated and temporal trends in the annual AKI incident rates assessed. During the nine-year study period, 10,283, and 41,847 patients were admitted to the intensive care unit or general ward, with 1,740 and 2,811 developing AKI, respectively...
May 18, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493198/risk-factors-of-prognosis-after-acute-kidney-injury-in-hospitalized-patients
#6
Sasa Nie, Zhe Feng, Lihua Xia, Jiuxu Bai, Fenglin Xiao, Jian Liu, Li Tang, Xiangmei Chen
The risk factors, especially laboratory indicators, of prognosis after acute kidney injury (AKI) remain unclear. We conducted a retrospective survey of Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2012 according to the AKI diagnosis standard issued by Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes. The epidemiological features and factors influencing hospital mortality and renal function recovery were evaluated through logistic regression analysis. Among 77 662 cases of hospitalized patients, 1387 suffered from AKI...
May 11, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491339/the-clinical-epidemiology-and-30-day-outcomes-of-emergency-department-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury
#7
Frank Xavier Scheuermeyer, Eric Grafstein, Brian Rowe, Jay Cheyne, Brian Grunau, Aaron Bradford, Adeera Levin
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with increased mortality and dialysis in hospitalized patients but has been little explored in the emergency department (ED) setting. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the risk factors, prevalence, management, and outcomes in the ED population, and to identify the proportion of AKI patients who were discharged home with no renal-specific follow-up. DESIGN: This is a retrospective cohort study using administrative and laboratory databases...
2017: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487772/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-early-acute-kidney-injury-in-nonsurgical-patients-a-cohort-study
#8
Javier Enrique Cely, Elkin José Mendoza, Carlos Roberto Olivares, Oscar Julián Sepúlveda, Juan Sebastián Acosta, Rafael Andrés Barón, Juan José Diaztagle
Introduction. Detecting acute kidney injury (AKI) in the first days of hospitalization could prevent potentially fatal complications. However, epidemiological data are scarce, especially on nonsurgical patients. Objectives. To determine the incidence and risk factors associated with AKI within five days of hospitalization (EAKI). Methods. Prospective cohort of patients hospitalized in the Internal Medicine Department. Results. A total of 16% of 400 patients developed EAKI. The associated risk factors were prehospital treatment with nephrotoxic drugs (2...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485097/hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-and-acute-kidney-injury-in-children-a-comprehensive-review
#9
REVIEW
Rupesh Raina, Nicholas Herrera, Vinod Krishnappa, Sidharth Kumar Sethi, Akash Deep, Wei-Ming Kao, Timothy Bunchman, Rolla Abu-Arja
AKI in the setting of HSCT is commonly investigated among adult patients. In the same way, malignancies requiring treatment with HSCT are not limited to the adult patient population, AKI following HSCT is frequently encountered within pediatric patient populations. However, inadequate information regarding epidemiology and pathophysiology specific to pediatric patients prevents development of appropriate and successful therapeutic strategies for those afflicted. Addressing AKI in the context of sinusoidal obstruction syndrome, chemotherapy, thrombotic microangiopathy and hypertension post chemotherapy, glomerulonephritis, and graft versus host disease provides greater insight into renal impairment associated with these HSCT-related ailments...
June 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466146/renal-recovery-after-acute-kidney-injury
#10
L G Forni, M Darmon, M Ostermann, H M Oudemans-van Straaten, V Pettilä, J R Prowle, M Schetz, M Joannidis
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent complication of critical illness and carries a significant risk of short- and long-term mortality, chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular events. The degree of renal recovery from AKI may substantially affect these long-term endpoints. Therefore maximising recovery of renal function should be the goal of any AKI prevention and treatment strategy. Defining renal recovery is far from straightforward due in part to the limitations of the tests available to assess renal function...
May 2, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460086/changes-in-the-clinical-presentation-of-immunoglobulin-a-nephropathy-data-from-the-spanish-registry-of-glomerulonephritis
#11
Eduardo Gutiérrez, Manuel Praga, Francisco Rivera, Angel Sevillano, Claudia Yuste, Marian Goicoechea, Juan M López-Gómez
Background.: Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common glomerulonephritis in the world, but there is little epidemiological data about possible changes in its presentation over the years. Available information about the influence of age on the form of clinical presentation is also scarce. Methods.: The aim of the study was to analyse all renal biopsies performed between 1994 and 2013 and recorded in the Spanish Registry of Glomerulonephritis with a histological diagnosis of IgAN...
April 28, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457375/evaluation-of-renal-function-in-patients-undergoing-lung-transplantation
#12
C Carillo, Y Pecoraro, M Anile, S Mantovani, A Oliva, A D'Abramo, D Amore, A Pagini, T De Giacomo, F Pugliese, E A Rendina, F Venuta, D Diso
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury and chronic kidney failure are serious complications after lung transplantation. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is the primary indicator of renal function. Several equations have been proposed to evaluate the estimated GFR (eGFR). We compared three different equations to determine which has the better correlation with the development of acute and chronic renal failure in lung recipients. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with a mean age of 54...
May 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454562/diagnosis-and-outcomes-of-acute-kidney-injury-using-surrogate-and-imputation-methods-for-missing-preadmission-creatinine-values
#13
Amélie Bernier-Jean, William Beaubien-Souligny, Rémi Goupil, François Madore, François Paquette, Stéphan Troyanov, Josée Bouchard
BACKGROUND: Missing preadmission serum creatinine (SCr) values are a common obstacle to assess acute kidney injury (AKI) diagnosis and outcomes. The Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) guidelines suggest using a SCr computed from the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) with an estimated glomerular filtration rate of 75 ml/min/1.73 m(2). We aimed to identify the best surrogate method for baseline SCr to assess AKI diagnosis and outcomes. METHODS: We compared the use of 1) first SCr at hospital admission 2) minimal SCr over 2 weeks after intensive care unit admission 3) MDRD computed SCr and 4) Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) computed SCr to assess AKI diagnosis and outcomes...
April 28, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441317/traumatic-spinal-injuries-in-northern-finland
#14
Ville Niemi-Nikkola, Nelli Saijets, Henriikka Ylipoussu, Pietari Kinnunen, Juha Pesälä, Pirkka Mäkelä, Markku Alen, Mauri Kallinen, Aki Vainionpää
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective epidemiological study. OBJECTIVE: To reveal incidence and epidemiological features of traumatic spinal injuries (TSI) in Northern Finland. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: In Finland the annual incidence of traumatic spine fractures requiring inpatient care has been found to be 27/100 000, while international incidences have varied across the range of 16-64/100 000. More specific epidemiological data from Finland is not available...
April 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435306/pediatric-acute-kidney-injury-prevalence-impact-and-management-challenges
#15
REVIEW
Eileen Ciccia, Prasad Devarajan
The incidence of pediatric acute kidney injury (AKI) is increasing globally, as are the associated morbidities and mortality. A recent standardization of the definition of AKI has allowed for a more accurate assessment of the epidemiology of pediatric AKI. Recent advances in leveraging electronic medical health record systems have allowed for real-time risk stratification and prevention of pediatric AKI in the hospital setting. Newly developed and validated clinical scores have improved our ability to predict AKI and provide a rational context for biomarker utilization in hospitalized children...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394436/recent-trends-in-wrn-gene-mutation-patterns-in-individuals-with-werner-syndrome
#16
Masaya Yamaga, Minoru Takemoto, Aki Takada-Watanabe, Naoko Koizumi, Takumi Kitamoto, Kenichi Sakamoto, Takahiro Ishikawa, Masaya Koshizaka, Yoshiro Maezawa, Koutaro Yokote
OBJECTIVES: To determine recent trends in mutation patterns in the WRN gene, which cause Werner syndrome (WS), a rare, inheritable progeroid syndrome in Japan. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Longitudinal survey of WS and literature search for case reports. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals whose genetic testing their facilities had requested between 2009 and October 2016 (N = 67). MEASUREMENTS: A nationwide epidemiological study was conducted from 2009 to 2011 to improve understanding of the pathology of WS and develop therapeutic guidelines...
April 10, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392996/body-mass-index-is-inversely-associated-with-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury-undergoing-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy
#17
Hyoungnae Kim, Joohwan Kim, Changhwan Seo, Misol Lee, Min-Uk Cha, Su-Young Jung, Jong Hyun Jhee, Seohyun Park, Hae-Ryong Yun, Youn Kyung Kee, Chang-Yun Yoon, Hyung Jung Oh, Jung Tak Park, Tae Ik Chang, Tae-Hyun Yoo, Shin-Wook Kang, Seung Hyeok Han
BACKGROUND: Many epidemiologic studies have reported on the controversial concept of the obesity paradox. The presence of acute kidney injury (AKI) can accelerate energy-consuming processes, particularly in patients requiring continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). Thus, we aimed to investigate whether obesity can provide a survival benefit in this highly catabolic condition. METHODS: We conducted an observational study in 212 patients who had undergone CRRT owing to various causes of AKI between 2010 and 2014...
March 2017: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375506/moderator-s-view-patient-centered-approaches-for-optimizing-aki-management-the-role-of-kidney-biomarkers
#18
Ravindra L Mehta
Patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) continue to pose challenges for clinicians worldwide. Our understanding of the pathophysiology, epidemiology and course of the disease has improved significantly; however, this has not translated into any significant improvement in outcomes. Multiple new biomarkers have been developed to characterize the course of the disease and have been evaluated in multiple trials. Unfortunately, the adoption of biomarkers into routine clinical care has not been as expected. Several factors contribute to the slow uptake and can be addressed...
March 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358820/epidemiological-evaluation-of-cat-health-at-a-first-response-animal-shelter-in-fukushima-following-the-great-east-japan-earthquakes-of-2011
#19
Aki Tanaka, Philip H Kass, Beatriz Martinez-Lopez, Shinichi Hayama
The Great East Japan Earthquakes of March 11, 2011 caused immense harm to the community and subsequent nuclear accident in Fukushima Prefecture extended the damage. Local residents were forced to evacuated without pets and the left behind animals were rescued from the restricted zone one month later. Unplanned animal rescue and unregulated sheltering caused secondary damage to animals such as disease epidemics at impounded animal shelter. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the incidence of upper respiratory infection (URI) and diarrhea in cats at the first response animal shelter in Fukushima, and investigate factors affecting the duration of disease and determinants of treatments performed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352008/spectrum-of-renal-injury-in-pregnancy-induced-hypertension-experience-from-a-single-center-in-india
#20
Mahesh Eswarappa, Madhyastha Rakesh, Puri Sonika, K Snigdha, M Midhun, K Kaushik, Gurudev Konana Chennabasappa, Bande Sujeeth
Pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) is a known complication of late pregnancy and is an important cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Data on clinical profile, especially renal profile of preeclampsia and eclampsia in Indian women are lacking. The aim of our study was to examine the renal profile and clinical outcomes of patients diagnosed with PIH in our institution with a focus on the spectrum of acute kidney injury (AKI). In this prospective, observational study, 347 patients with a diagnosis of preeclampsia-eclampsia, who were undergoing treatment at the M...
March 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
keyword
keyword
102199
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"