keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

AKI classification

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765932/fluid-overload-and-renal-angina-index-at-admission-are-associated-with-worse-outcomes-in-critically-ill-children
#1
Sidharth K Sethi, Veena Raghunathan, Shilpi Shah, Maninder Dhaliwal, Pranaw Jha, Maneesh Kumar, Sravanthi Paluri, Shyam Bansal, Maroun J Mhanna, Rupesh Raina
Objectives: We investigated the association of fluid overload and oxygenation in critically sick children, and their correlation with various outcomes (duration of ventilation, ICU stay, and mortality). We also assessed whether renal angina index (RAI) at admission can predict mortality or acute kidney injury (AKI) on day 3 after admission. Design and setting: Prospective study, pediatric intensive care in a tertiary hospital. Duration: June 2013-June 2014. Patients: Patients were included if they needed invasive mechanical ventilation for >24 h and had an indwelling arterial catheter...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758452/evaluation-of-machine-learning-algorithms-for-improved-risk-assessment-for-down-s-syndrome
#2
Aki Koivu, Teemu Korpimäki, Petri Kivelä, Tapio Pahikkala, Mikko Sairanen
Prenatal screening generates a great amount of data that is used for predicting risk of various disorders. Prenatal risk assessment is based on multiple clinical variables and overall performance is defined by how well the risk algorithm is optimized for the population in question. This article evaluates machine learning algorithms to improve performance of first trimester screening of Down syndrome. Machine learning algorithms pose an adaptive alternative to develop better risk assessment models using the existing clinical variables...
May 4, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747292/-the-timing-of-renal-replacement-therapy-on-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-renal-injury-a-reanalysis-of-two-recently-published-randomized-control-trials
#3
J W Han, J T Liu, P L Ma
To investigate the sources of inconsistent findings between two randomized control trials["initiation strategies for renal-replacement therapy in the intensive care unit"(AKIKI trial) vs"effect of early vs delayed initiation of renal replacement therapy on mortality in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury"(ELAIN trial) ], regarding"timing of renal replacement therapy (RRT) on mortality in patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). By reanalysis of the published data, it was found that demographics, severity of primary disease and stage of AKI before initiation of RRT were quite different between AKIKI and ELAIN trials...
May 1, 2018: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739428/incidence-and-outcomes-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-octogenarians-in-jordan
#4
Ashraf O Oweis, Sameeha A Alshelleh
OBJECTIVE: Improvements in the health care system, resulted in a greater number of geriatric patients diagnosed with acute kidney injury (AKI). We evaluated the incidence and outcome of AKI in octogenarians, as studies in the Middle-East region are few; moreover, treatment approaches, in addition to medical decisions, may require special consideration for advanced age to improve the outcomes. RESULTS: At King Abdullah II teaching and referral hospital, we recruited patients aged 80-90 years who were admitted to the medical floor between January 2010 and December 2013...
May 8, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731241/validation-of-renal-risk-score-models-for-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-in-diabetic-patients
#5
Mehmet Kalender, Taylan Adademir, Deniz Çevirme, Mehmet Atay, Kamil Boyacioglu, Mehmet Tasar, Fuat Buyukbayrak
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass grafting is applicable with very low mortality and morbidity rates around the world. However, exposure to even one of the risk factors increases mortality and morbidity significantly. There are three acute kidney injury definitions, and classification methods are applicable (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO); Risk, Injury, and Failure; and Loss; and End-stage kidney disease (RIFLE); and Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN)), for understanding and grading of renal impairment...
April 18, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720115/biomarker-enhanced-risk-prediction-for-development-of-aki-after-cardiac-surgery
#6
Michael L Merchant, Michael E Brier, Mark S Slaughter, Jon B Klein, Kenneth R McLeish
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common post-cardiac surgery complication and influences patient morbidity and prognosis. This study was designed to identify preoperative candidate urine biomarkers in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of adults undergoing cardiac surgery at increased risk for AKI at a single hospital between July 2010 and September 2012 was performed. The primary outcome was the development of AKI, defined as an absolute serum creatinine (SCr) level increase ≥ 0...
May 2, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701385/predictors-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-the-postoperative-period-of-cardiac-surgery-associated-with-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#7
Raquel Moreira, Tiago Jacinto, Paulo Neves, Luís Vouga, Cristina Baeta
INTRODUCTION: Acute kidney injury (AKI) in the postoperative period of cardiac surgery occurs in 1 to 30% of the patients, mainly caused by ischemia secondary to renal hypoperfusion. Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has a deleterious effect on renal function, constituting an aggression to the patient's homeostasis. AIM: To evaluate the incidence of AKI in the postoperative period of cardiac surgery in patients without preoperative renal insufficiency who underwent cardiac surgery with CPB, and explore the association between incidence of AKI and predictors related to CPB...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696105/cumulative-positive-fluid-balance-is-a-risk-factor-for-acute-kidney-injury-and-requirement-for-renal-replacement-therapy-after-liver-transplantation
#8
Liana Codes, Ygor Gomes de Souza, Ricardo Azevedo Cruz D'Oliveira, Jorge Luiz Andrade Bastos, Paulo Lisboa Bittencourt
AIM: To analyze whether fluid overload is an independent risk factor of adverse outcomes after liver transplantation (LT). METHODS: One hundred and twenty-one patients submitted to LT were retrospectively evaluated. Data regarding perioperative and postoperative variables previously associated with adverse outcomes after LT were reviewed. Cumulative fluid balance (FB) in the first 12 h and 4 d after surgery were compared with major adverse outcomes after LT. RESULTS: Most of the patients were submitted to a liberal approach of fluid administration with a mean cumulative FB over 5 L and 10 L, respectively, in the first 12 h and 4 d after LT...
April 24, 2018: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686717/preoperative-blood-morphology-and-incidence-of-acute-kidney-injury-after-on-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-single-center-preliminary-report
#9
Bartłomiej Perek, Dawid Maison, Szymon Budnick, Kinga Gębala, Veronica Casadei, Daniela Dadej, Artur Chmielewski, Marcin Ligowski, Piotr Buczkowski, Anna Perek, Marek Jemielity
Introduction: Acute kidney injury (AKI) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) performed in cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) may complicate the postoperative course and has a negative impact on outcome. In some cases, postoperative AKI develops in spite of normal baseline creatinine concentration and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Aim: To examine whether there is any association between the preoperative blood morphology and incidence of post-operative AKI...
March 2018: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684164/acute-kidney-injury-after-aortic-valve-replacement-in-a-nationally-representative-cohort-in-the-usa
#10
Nilay Kumar, Neetika Garg
Background: Randomized trials have consistently shown lower rates of acute kidney injury (AKI) with transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) compared with surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). Comparative rates of AKI for TAVR versus SAVR, and predictors and prognostic implications of AKI after aortic valve replacement (AVR) have not been well studied in nationally representative real-world data. Objectives: First, to compare rates of AKI and dialysis requiring AKI in TAVR versus SAVR...
April 18, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672267/point-of-care-creatinine-testing-for-kidney-function-measurement-prior-to-contrast-enhanced-diagnostic-imaging-evaluation-of-the-performance-of-three-systems-for-clinical-utility
#11
Beverly Snaith, Martine A Harris, Bethany Shinkins, Marieke Jordaan, Michael Messenger, Andrew Lewington
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) can occur rarely in patients exposed to iodinated contrast and result in contrast-induced AKI (CI-AKI). A key risk factor is the presence of preexisting chronic kidney disease (CKD); therefore, it is important to assess patient risk and obtain kidney function measurement prior to administration. Point-of-care (PoC) testing provides an alternative strategy but there remains uncertainty, with respect to diagnostic accuracy and clinical utility. METHODS: A device study compared three PoC analysers (Nova StatSensor, Abbott i-STAT and Radiometer ABL800 FLEX) with a reference laboratory standard (Roche Cobas 8000 series, enzymatic creatinine)...
April 19, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667173/efficacy-of-corticosteroids-in-prevention-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-neonates-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
T Jahnukainen, J Keski-Nisula, J Tainio, H Valkonen, T Pätilä, H Jalanko, P Suominen
BACKGROUND: Heart surgery requiring cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) causes an inflammatory response which may further induce acute kidney injury (AKI). In the present randomized controlled study we evaluated whether corticosteroids can prevent CPB related AKI in neonates undergoing heart surgery. METHODS: Forty neonates were randomized to receive 2 mg/kg methylprednisolone followed by hydrocortisone infusion 0.2 mg/kg/h perioperatively with tapering doses for 5 days, or placebo administered in a similar fashion...
April 17, 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664815/long-term-posttraumatic-survival-of-spinal-fracture-patients-in-northern-finland
#13
Ville Niemi-Nikkola, Nelli Saijets, Henrikka Ylipoussu, Pietari Kinnunen, Juha Pesälä, Pirkka Mäkelä, Markku Alen, Mauri Kallinen, Aki Vainionpää
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective epidemiological study. OBJECTIVE: To reveal the long-term survival and causes of death after traumatic spinal fracture (TSF) and to determine the possible factors predicting death. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Increased mortality following osteoporotic spinal fracture has been represented in several studies. Earlier studies concerning mortality after TSF have focused on specific types of fractures, or else only the mortality of the acute phases has been documented...
April 16, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657212/mortality-in-the-elderly-with-acute-kidney-injury-in-an-internal-medicine-department-in-abidjan-cote-d-ivoire
#14
Hubert Kouamé Yao, Allah Yves Omer Binan, Serge-Didier Konan, Koffi Justin N'Da, Sery Patrick Diopoh
Acute kidney injury (AKI) in the elderly is characterized by high mortality. The objective of this study is to identify the causes of death in the elderly with AKI. This is a prospective cohort study with a descriptive purpose which was carried out during the period from January 2009 to December 2014 in the Department of Nephrology-Internal Medicine of Treichville University Hospital. The diagnosis of AKI was made on the basis of serum creatinine (SCr) values determined during hospitalization, according to KDIGO classification...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604124/risk-factors-and-mortality-rate-in-premature-babies-with-acute-kidney-injury
#15
Ahmet Taner Elmas, Yılmaz Tabel, Ramazan Özdemir
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common morbidity in neonatal intensive care units and associated with poor outcome. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of AKI and provide a demographic data and risk factors associated with the mortality and morbidity. METHODS: This is a retrospective study included 105 premature babies. Diagnosis of AKI was based on neonatal KDIGO classification criteria. The babies were stratified into two groups according to AKI status during the hospitalization...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593188/risk-factor-of-mortality-in-indonesian-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#16
Indra Gunawan Prastiya, Vitria Prasetyo Risky, Irmawati Mira, Asih Setyoningrum Retno, Saharso Darto, Prasetyo Erny
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with CP have a lower life expectancy than the general population. The objective of the study is to investigate the risk factor of mortality in Indonesian children with CP. METHODS: An observational analytic study was conducted using medical records at pediatric ward Dr. Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia, from January 2014 to December 2016. Inclusion criteria was all of CP patients in that were hospitalized from 6 months to 14 year of age...
2018: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562937/cerebral-microembolism-in-the-critically-ill-with-acute-kidney-injury-comet-aki-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
Gabor Erdoes, Dominik E Uehlinger, Beatrice Kobel, Monika P Stucki, Roland Wiest, Frank Stueber, Niklaus Fankhauser, Stephan M Jakob, Joerg C Schefold
BACKGROUND: Microembolism is a frequent pathological event during extracorporeal renal replacement therapy (RRT). Some previous data indicate that microemboli are generated in patients who are undergoing RRT and that these may contribute to increased cerebrovascular and neurocognitive morbidity in patients with end-stage renal disease. The current trial aims to quantify the microembolic load and respective qualitative composition that effectively reaches the intracerebral circulation in critically ill patients treated with different RRT modalities for acute kidney injury (AKI)...
March 21, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537990/renal-histopathologic-findings-associated-with-severity-of-clinical-acute-kidney-injury
#18
Satoru Kudose, Masato Hoshi, Sanjay Jain, Joseph P Gaut
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Acute tubular injury is considered to be the early pathologic manifestation of AKI, however, the underlying pathology is complex, lacks standards for interpretation, and its relationship with AKI often is unclear or inconsistent. To clarify clinicopathologic correlations in AKI, we evaluated 32 histologic findings in 100 kidney biopsies from patients with AKI as a training set to correlate pathologic findings with clinical AKI grades...
May 2018: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513790/urinary-semaphorin-3a-as-an-early-biomarker-to-predict-contrast-induced-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#19
Li Ning, Zhiguo Li, Dianjun Wei, Haiyan Chen, Chao Yang, Dawei Wu, Yanchun Wang, Jingwei Zhang
Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is a serious complication of diagnostic coronary angiograph and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, the exact pathophysiological mechanisms underlying CI-AKI development are largely unknown. The present study examined whether urinary semaphorin 3A levels predict the development of CI-AKI in patients undergoing PCI. This study enrolled 168 patients with stable angina undergoing elective PCI. Serial urine samples, obtained at baseline and 2, 6, 12, 24, 36, and 48 h post-PCI were analyzed by semaphorin 3A and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) ELISA kit...
March 1, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501641/acute-kidney-injury-classification-underestimates-long-term-mortality-after-cardiac-valve-operations
#20
Hjalmar R Bouma, Hubert E Mungroop, A Fred de Geus, Daniel D Huisman, Maarten W N Nijsten, Massimo A Mariani, Thomas W L Scheeren, Johannes G M Burgerhof, Robert H Henning, Anne H Epema
BACKGROUND: Perioperative acute kidney injury (AKI) is an important predictor of long-term all-cause mortality after coronary artery bypass (CABG). However, the effect of AKI on long-term mortality after cardiac valve operations is hitherto undocumented. METHODS: Perioperative renal injury and long-term all-cause mortality after valve operations were studied in a prospective cohort of patients undergoing solitary valve operations (n=2,806) or valve operations combined with CABG (n=1,260) with up to 18 years of follow-up...
March 1, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
keyword
keyword
102196
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"