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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342371/global-regional-and-country-level-economic-impacts-of-dental-diseases-in-2015
#1
A J Righolt, M Jevdjevic, W Marcenes, S Listl
Up-to-date information about the economic impact of dental diseases is essential for health care decision makers when seeking to make rational use of available resources. The purpose of this study was to provide up-to-date estimates for dental expenditures (direct costs) and productivity losses (indirect costs) due to dental diseases on the global, regional, and country level. Direct costs of dental diseases were estimated using a previously established systematic approach; indirect costs were estimated using an approach developed by the World Health Organization Commission on Macroeconomics and Health and factoring in 2015 values for gross domestic product and disability-adjusted life years from the Global Burden of Disease Study...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342272/daily-decision-making-about-food-during-pregnancy-a-new-zealand-study
#2
Susan Pullon, Angela Ballantyne, Lindsay Macdonald, Christine Barthow, Kristin Wickens, Julian Crane
Pregnancy has always been a life-changing event for women and their families, but societal concern about pregnancy and motherhood has become intense in the digital age. The role of health promotion agencies and others supplying health-related resources about lifestyle behaviours is both important and in need of scrutiny. Ever increasing advice for pregnant women, their families and health professionals, abounds. This study of decision making during pregnancy investigated how women made everyday decisions during pregnancy about food and drink, as well as dietary supplements and medications, alcohol and recreational drugs...
January 12, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341550/health-stewardship-a-concept-for-best-health-outcomes
#3
Maria Donnelley
The concept of health stewardship and responsibility for self, marks a shift from adopting a paternalistic approach to care, with decision-making the main remit of healthcare practitioners, towards encouraging and empowering individuals to take increasing responsibility for their healthcare and outcomes. The main aim of nursing is to achieve optimal health outcomes for every patient. Exploring health stewardship as a path to wellness will assist healthcare practitioners to guide patients living with a chronic disease to be as healthy as possible...
January 17, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341110/eurogin-roadmap-2017-triage-strategies-for-the-management-of-hpv-positive-women-in-cervical-screening-programmes
#4
REVIEW
K Cuschieri, G Ronco, A Lorincz, L Smith, G Ogilvie, L Mirabello, F Carozzi, H Cubie, N Wentzensen, P Snijders, M Arbyn, J Monsonego J, S Franceschi
Cervical cancer screening will rely, increasingly, on HPV testing as a primary screen. The requirement for triage tests which can delineate clinically significant infection is thus prescient. In this EUROGIN 2017 roadmap, justification behind the most evidenced triages is outlined, as are challenges for implementation. Cytology is the triage with the most follow-up data; the existence of an HR-HPV positive, cytology negative group presents a challenge and re-testing intervals for this group (and choice of re-test) require careful consideration...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340939/the-influence-of-financial-strain-on-health-decision-making
#5
Oanh Kieu Nguyen, Robin T Higashi, Anil N Makam, Juan C Mijares, Simon Craddock Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340497/tuberculosis-treatment
#6
Marcelo Fouad Rabahi, José Laerte Rodrigues da Silva Júnior, Anna Carolina Galvão Ferreira, Daniela Graner Schuwartz Tannus-Silva, Marcus Barreto Conde
Tuberculosis treatment remains a challenge due to the need to consider, when approaching it, the context of individual and collective health. In addition, social and economic issues have been shown to be variables that need to be considered when it comes to treatment effectiveness. We conducted a critical review of the national and international literature on the treatment of tuberculosis in recent years with the aims of presenting health care workers with recommendations based on the situation in Brazil and better informing decision-making regarding tuberculosis patients so as to minimize morbidity and interrupt disease transmission...
November 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339845/incidence-of-spinal-fractures-in-the-netherlands-1997-2012
#7
J G Ten Brinke, T P Saltzherr, M J M Panneman, M Hogervorst, J C Goslings
: To determine time trends of emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalization rates, spinal cord lesions and characteristics of patients with spinal fractures in the Netherlands. METHODS: In an observational database study we used the Dutch Injury Surveillance System to analyse spinal fracture-related ED visits, hospitalization rates and spinal cord lesions between 1997 and 2012. RESULTS: The total number of ED visits associated with spinal fractures increased from 4,507 in 1997 to 9,690 in 2012 (115% increase)...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339115/toddler-drinks-formulas-and-milks-labeling-practices-and-policy-implications
#8
Jennifer L Pomeranz, Maria J Romo Palafox, Jennifer L Harris
Toddler drinks are a growing category of drinks marketed for young children 9-36 months old. Medical experts do not recommend them, and public health experts raise concerns about misleading labeling practices. In the U.S., the toddler drink category includes two types of products: transition formulas, marketed for infants and toddlers 9-24 months; and toddler milks, for children 12-36 months old. The objective of this study was to evaluate toddler drink labeling practices in light of U.S. food labeling policy and international labeling recommendations...
January 12, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338989/relations-between-self-reported-and-linguistic-monitoring-assessments-of-affective-experience-in-an-extreme-environment
#9
Nathan Smith
INTRODUCTION: Approaches for monitoring psychosocial health in challenging environments are needed to maintain the performance and safety of personnel. The purpose of the present research was to examine the relationship between 2 candidate methods (self-reported and linguistics) for monitoring affective experience during extreme environment activities. METHODS: A single-subject repeated-measures design was used in the present work. The participant was a 46-year-old individual scheduled to complete a self-supported ski expedition across Arctic Greenland...
January 12, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338893/the-desired-role-of-health-care-providers-in-guiding-older-patients-with-distal-radius-fractures-a-qualitative-analysis
#10
Helen E Huetteman, Melissa J Shauver, Jacob S Nasser, Kevin C Chung
PURPOSE: Understanding patient preferences for shared decision making is valuable for surgeons to advance patient-centered care, particularly in cases where there is not a clearly superior treatment option, like distal radius fracture. The existing evidence presents conflicting views on the desired role of the provider among older patients when making medical decisions. We aimed to investigate the perceived versus desired role of the provider in older adult patients with distal radius fracture...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338762/predictors-of-remission-with-etanercept-methotrexate-induction-therapy-and-loss-of-remission-with-etanercept-maintenance-reduction-or-withdrawal-in-moderately-active-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-of-the-preserve-trial
#11
Josef S Smolen, Annette Szumski, Andrew S Koenig, Thomas V Jones, Lisa Marshall
BACKGROUND: The aim was to analyze characteristics that predict remission induction and subsequent loss of remission in patients with moderately active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who received full-dose combination etanercept plus methotrexate induction therapy followed by reduced-dose etanercept or etanercept withdrawal. METHODS: Patients with Disease Activity Score based on 28-joint count (DAS28) >3.2 and ≤5.1 received open-label etanercept 50 mg once weekly (QW) plus methotrexate for 36 weeks...
January 16, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338000/progression-of-the-first-stage-of-spontaneous-labour-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-two-sub-saharan-african-countries
#12
Olufemi T Oladapo, Joao Paulo Souza, Bukola Fawole, Kidza Mugerwa, Gleici Perdoná, Domingos Alves, Hayala Souza, Rodrigo Reis, Livia Oliveira-Ciabati, Alexandre Maiorano, Adesina Akintan, Francis E Alu, Lawal Oyeneyin, Amos Adebayo, Josaphat Byamugisha, Miriam Nakalembe, Hadiza A Idris, Ola Okike, Fernando Althabe, Vanora Hundley, France Donnay, Robert Pattinson, Harshadkumar C Sanghvi, Jen E Jardine, Özge Tunçalp, Joshua P Vogel, Mary Ellen Stanton, Meghan Bohren, Jun Zhang, Tina Lavender, Jerker Liljestrand, Petra Ten Hoope-Bender, Matthews Mathai, Rajiv Bahl, A Metin Gülmezoglu
BACKGROUND: Escalation in the global rates of labour interventions, particularly cesarean section and oxytocin augmentation, has renewed interest in a better understanding of natural labour progression. Methodological advancements in statistical and computational techniques addressing the limitations of pioneer studies have led to novel findings and triggered a re-evaluation of current labour practices. As part of the World Health Organization's Better Outcomes in Labour Difficulty (BOLD) project, which aimed to develop a new labour monitoring-to-action tool, we examined the patterns of labour progression as depicted by cervical dilatation over time in a cohort of women in Nigeria and Uganda who gave birth vaginally following a spontaneous labour onset...
January 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337132/understanding-pivotal-experiences-in-behavior-change-for-the-design-of-technologies-for-personal-wellbeing
#13
Arpita Bhattacharya, Samantha Kolovson, Yi-Chen Sung, Mike Eacker, Michael Chen, Sean A Munson, Julie A Kientz
Most health technologies are designed to support people who have already decided to work toward better health. Thus, there remains an opportunity to design technologies to help motivate people who have not yet decided to make a change. Understanding the experiences of people who have already started to make a health behavior change and how they made a pivotal decision can be useful in understanding how to design such tools. In this paper, we describe results from data collected in 2 phases. Phase 1 consisted of 127 surveys and 13 interviews with adults who have already accomplished behavior change(s)...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336903/one-year-experience-of-a-regional-service-model-of-teleconsultation-for-planning-and-treatment-of-complex-thoracoabdominal-aortic-disease
#14
Emiliano Chisci, Gianmarco de Donato, Aaron Fargion, Giorgio Ventoruzzo, Gianbattista Parlani, Carlo Setacci, Leonardo Ercolini, Stefano Michelagnoli
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to report the methodology and 1-year experience of a regional service model of teleconsultation for planning and treatment of complex thoracoabdominal aortic disease (TAAD). METHODS: Complex TAADs without a feasible conventional surgical repair were prospectively evaluated by vascular surgeons of the same public health service (National Health System) located in a huge area of 22,994 km2 with 3.7 million inhabitants and 11 tertiary hospitals...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336276/streamlining-the-medication-review-process-by-use-of-a-new-review-tool-chart
#15
Quincy Ostrem, Stephen Carlson, Brady Hamilton
OBJECTIVE: The Carlson-Hamilton Adult Medication Review Tool (CHART) represents an effort to improve the approach to geriatric care by streamlining the medication review process and identifying potential medication issues that may be relevant to patient's cognitive presentation and impact clinical decision making. SETTING: CHART was created at a behavioral health facility. The most common primary diagnoses on this unit include new onset psychosis and recent mental status changes...
January 1, 2018: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336098/increasing-the-knowledge-identification-and-treatment-of-osteoporosis-through-education-and-shared-decision-making-with-residents-living-in-a-retirement-village-community
#16
Jane Anderson-Wurf, Catherine Harding, Alexa Seal
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study explored whether individual goal setting in a retirement village setting could improve strategies to strengthen bones in an ageing population and help prevent osteoporosis. METHODS: A two-phased osteoporosis prevention program was developed, piloted and evaluated involving a group education session followed by the development of individualised Bone Plans based upon personal understanding of individual fracture risk and lifestyle factors...
January 16, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335237/-why-do-they-need-to-check-me-patient-participation-through-ehealth-and-the-doctor-patient-relationship-qualitative-study
#17
Christiane Grünloh, Gunilla Myreteg, Åsa Cajander, Hanife Rexhepi
BACKGROUND: Roles in the doctor-patient relationship are changing and patient participation in health care is increasingly emphasized. Electronic health (eHealth) services such as patient accessible electronic health records (PAEHRs) have been implemented to support patient participation. Little is known about practical use of PAEHR and its effect on roles of doctors and patients. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study aimed to investigate how physicians view the idea of patient participation, in particular in relation to the PAEHR system...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334910/treatment-selection-of-early-stage-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-the-role-of-the-patient-in-clinical-decision-making
#18
S Mokhles, J J M E Nuyttens, M de Mol, J G J V Aerts, A P W M Maat, Ö Birim, A J J C Bogers, J J M Takkenberg
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to investigate the role and experience of early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patient in decision making process concerning treatment selection in the current clinical practice. METHODS: Stage I-II NSCLC patients (surgery 55 patients, SBRT 29 patients, median age 68) were included in this prospective study and completed a questionnaire that explored: (1) perceived patient knowledge of the advantages and disadvantages of the treatment options, (2) experience with current clinical decision making, and (3) the information that the patient reported to have received from their treating physician...
January 15, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334888/dicer-an-r-package-for-class-discovery-using-an-ensemble-driven-approach
#19
Derek S Chiu, Aline Talhouk
BACKGROUND: Given a set of features, researchers are often interested in partitioning objects into homogeneous clusters. In health research, cancer research in particular, high-throughput data is collected with the aim of segmenting patients into sub-populations to aid in disease diagnosis, prognosis or response to therapy. Cluster analysis, a class of unsupervised learning techniques, is often used for class discovery. Cluster analysis suffers from some limitations, including the need to select up-front the algorithm to be used as well as the number of clusters to generate, in addition, there may exist several groupings consistent with the data, making it very difficult to validate a final solution...
January 15, 2018: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334475/abandonment-of-assistive-products-assessing-abandonment-levels-and-factors-that-impact-on-it
#20
André T Sugawara, Vinícius D Ramos, Fábio M Alfieri, Linamara R Battistella
PURPOSE: To investigate the levels and factors that influence the abandonment of assistive products by users of a local reference rehabilitation center. METHODS: This observational study involved users who received services and assistive products provided by our center of rehabilitation. Users were identified using the records of the center and their responses about the abandonment were collected through face-to-face interviews. RESULTS: The abandonment level of assistive products was 19...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
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