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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793213/end-stage-renal-disease-models-in-the-americas-optimizing-resources-to-achieve-better-health-outcomes
#1
Ramiro E Gilardino, Eduardo González-Pier, Claudia Brabata
End-stage renal disease, the last and most severe stage of chronic kidney disease, represents a major and rising concern for countries in Latin America, driven in large part by aging populations and the near-epidemic rises in diabetes, obesity, and hypertension. This places a great clinical, economic, and social burden on the region's health systems. During the ISPOR 6th Latin America Conference held in Sao Paulo, Brazil, in September 2017, an educational forum debated on value-based decision making in the treatment of end-stage renal disease in Latin America...
May 21, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792461/teamwork-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#2
Jennifer N Ervin, Jeremy M Kahn, Taya R Cohen, Laurie R Weingart
Intensive care units (ICUs) provide care to the most severely ill hospitalized patients. Although ICUs increasingly rely on interprofessional teams to provide critical care, little about actual teamwork in this context is well understood. The ICU team is typically comprised of physicians or intensivists, clinical pharmacists, respiratory therapists, dieticians, bedside nurses, clinical psychologists, and clinicians-in-training. ICU teams are distinguished from other health care teams in that they are low in temporal stability, which can impede important team dynamics...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792296/-it-s-totally-okay-to-be-sad-but-never-lose-hope-content-analysis-of-infertility-related-videos-on-youtube-in-relation-to-viewer-preferences
#3
Margot Kelly-Hedrick, Paul H Grunberg, Felicia Brochu, Phyllis Zelkowitz
BACKGROUND: Infertility patients frequently use the internet to find fertility-related information and support from people in similar circumstances. YouTube is increasingly used as a source of health-related information and may influence health decision making. There have been no studies examining the content of infertility-related videos on YouTube. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to (1) describe the content of highly viewed videos on YouTube related to infertility and (2) identify video characteristics that relate to viewer preference...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791243/amcp-partnership-forum-managing-care-in-the-wave-of-precision-medicine
#4
(no author information available yet)
Precision medicine, the customization of health care to an individual's genetic profile while accounting for biomarkers and lifestyle, has increasingly been adopted by health care stakeholders to guide the development of treatment options, improve treatment decision making, provide more patient-centered care, and better inform coverage and reimbursement decisions. Despite these benefits, key challenges prevent its broader use and adoption. On December 7-8, 2017, the Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy convened a group of stakeholders to discuss these challenges and provide recommendations to facilitate broader adoption and use of precision medicine across health care settings...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790051/probabilistic-risk-based-pollution-prevention-model-for-a-foundry-a-case-study-of-casting
#5
Souad Ahmed Benromdhane
Hazardous air pollutants from industrial activities have long been associated with serious health effects. Traditional health risk assessment uses point estimates of inhalation concentrations based on standard Gaussian diffusion models with steady-state emission rate assumptions. This traditional approach was criticized because it does not account for variability and thus leading to a potential overestimate of the health risk from the batch processes. To overcome this deficiency, a probabilistic risk assessment model is proposed...
May 22, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789511/the-place-of-social-recovery-in-mental-health-and-related-services
#6
REVIEW
Shulamit Ramon
This article looks at the place of social recovery in mental health and social care services, alongside personal recovery. Despite its conceptual and practice centrality to the new meaning of recovery, social recovery has remained a relatively neglected dimension. This article attempts to provide an updated critical commentary based on findings from fifty nine studies, including a variety of research methodologies and methods. Definitions of social recovery within the new meaning of recovery are looked at. This is followed by outlining the development and significance of this dimension as reflected in the key areas of shared decision making, co-production and active citizenship, re-entering employment after experiencing mental ill health, being in employment, poverty and coping with poverty, the economic and the scientific cases for social recovery...
May 23, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789018/pain-clinic-definitions-in-the-medical-literature-and-u-s-state-laws-an-integrative-systematic-review-and-comparison
#7
REVIEW
Barbara Andraka-Christou, Joshua B Rager, Brittany Brown-Podgorski, Ross D Silverman, Dennis P Watson
BACKGROUND: In response to widespread opioid misuse, ten U.S. states have implemented regulations for facilities that primarily manage and treat chronic pain, called "pain clinics." Whether a clinic falls into a state's pain clinic definition determines the extent to which it is subject to oversight. It is unclear whether state pain clinic definitions model those found in the medical literature, and potential differences lead to discrepancies between scientific and professionally guided advice found in the medical literature and actual pain clinic practice...
May 22, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789003/mothers-autonomy-and-childhood-stunting-evidence-from-semi-urban-communities-in-lao-pdr
#8
Yusuke Kamiya, Marika Nomura, Hina Ogino, Kanako Yoshikawa, Latsamy Siengsounthone, Phonepadith Xangsayarath
BACKGROUND: Childhood stunting (height-for-age z-scores below - 2), a form of chronic undernutrition, remains a global health burden. Although a growing literature has examined the association between mothers' autonomy and childhood stunting, these studies have been limited to countries in South Asia or Sub-Saharan Africa where women have relatively lower social status than do men. Little research has analyzed the effect of mothers' autonomy on childhood stunting in Lao PDR, where women's social status is relatively high compared to that in other countries...
May 22, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788933/continue-adjust-or-stop-antipsychotic-medication-developing-and-user-testing-an-encounter-decision-aid-for-people-with-first-episode-and-long-term-psychosis
#9
Yaara Zisman-Ilani, David Shern, Patricia Deegan, Julie Kreyenbuhl, Lisa Dixon, Robert Drake, William Torrey, Manish Mishra, Ksenia Gorbenko, Glyn Elwyn
BACKGROUND: People with psychosis struggle with decisions about their use of antipsychotics. They often want to reduce the dose or stop, while facing uncertainty regarding the effects these decisions will have on their treatment and recovery. They may also fear raising this issue with clinicians. The purpose of this study was to develop and test a shared decision making (SDM) tool to support patients and clinicians in making decisions about antipsychotics. METHODS: A diverse editorial research team developed an Encounter Decision Aid (EDA) for patients and clinicians to use as part of the psychiatric consultation...
May 22, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788748/the-impact-of-comorbid-impulsive-compulsive-disorders-in-problematic-internet-use
#10
Samuel R Chamberlain, Konstantinos Ioannidis, Jon E Grant
Background and aims Problematic Internet use (PIU) is commonplace but is not yet recognized as a formal mental disorder. Excessive Internet use could result from other conditions such as gambling disorder. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of impulsive-compulsive comorbidities on the presentation of PIU, defined using Young's Diagnostic Questionnaire. Methods A total of 123 adults aged 18-29 years were recruited using media advertisements, and attended the research center for a detailed psychiatric assessment, including interviews, completion of questionnaires, and neuropsychological testing...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788396/injury-surveillance-and-reporting-for-trainees-with-bone-stress-injury-current-practices-and-recommendations
#11
Scott C Dembowski, Bradley S Tragord, Amy F Hand, Iván R Rohena-Quinquilla, Ian E Lee, David C Thoma, Joseph M Molloy
Background: Musculoskeletal injuries, including lower extremity bone stress injuries (BSI) significantly impact initial entry training (IET) in the U.S. Army due to limited duty days, trainee attrition, early medical discharge, and related financial costs. Factors complicating trainee BSI surveillance include inconsistent BSI coding practices, attrition documentation as both administrative separations and medical discharges and the inability to code for BSI grade or severity when using International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th revision (ICD-10) codes...
May 18, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788197/surrogate-preferences-on-the-physician-orders-for-life-sustaining-treatment-form
#12
Elizabeth E Chen, Charles T Pu, Rachelle E Bernacki, Julia Ragland, Jonathon H Schwartz, Jan E Mutchler
Background and Objectives: The purpose of this study is to compare treatment preferences of patients to those of surrogates on the Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment (POLST) forms. Research Design and Methods: Data were collected from a sequential selection of 606 Massachusetts POLST (MOLST) forms at 3 hospitals, and corresponding electronic patient health records. Selections on the MOLST forms were categorized into All versus Limit Life-Sustaining Treatment...
May 17, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788085/involving-young-people-in-health-promotion-research-and-policy-making-practical-recommendations
#13
Magaly Aceves-Martins, Aixa Y Aleman-Diaz, Montse Giralt, Rosa Solà
Youth is a dynamic and complex transition period in life where many factors jeopardise its present and future health. Youth involvement enables young people to influence processes and decisions that affect them, leading to changes in themselves and their environment (e.g. peers, services, communities and policies); this strategy could be applied to improve health and prevent diseases. Nonetheless, scientific evidence of involving youth in health-related programmes is scarce. The aim of this paper is to describe youth involvement as a health promotion strategy and to compile practical recommendations for health promoters, researchers and policy-makers interested in successful involvement of young people in health-related programmes...
May 18, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788041/do-older-and-younger-patients-derive-similar-survival-benefits-from-novel-oncology-drugs-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Vanessa S Arciero, Sierra Cheng, Robert Mason, Erica McDonald, Ronak Saluja, Kelvin K W Chan
Background: older patients are commonly believed to derive less benefit from cancer drugs, even if they fulfil clinical trial eligibility [Talarico et al. (2004, J Clin Oncol, 22(22):4626-31)]. We aim to examine if novel oncology drugs provide differential age-based treatment outcomes for patients on clinical trials. Methods: a systematic review of randomised control trials (RCTs) cited for clinical efficacy evidence in novel oncology drug approvals by the Food and Drug Administration, European Medicines Agency and Health Canada between 2006 and 2017 was conducted...
May 19, 2018: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787830/the-utility-of-event-related-potentials-erps-in-understanding-food-related-cognition-a-systematic-review-and-recommendations
#15
REVIEW
Kaylie A Carbine, Rebekah Rodeback, Erin Modersitzki, Marshall Miner, James D LeCheminant, Michael J Larson
Daily dietary decisions have the potential to impact our physical, mental, and emotional health. Event-related potentials (ERPs) can provide insight into cognitive processes, such as attention, working memory, and inhibitory control, that may influence the food-related decisions we make on a daily basis. We conducted a systematic review of the food-related cognition and ERP research in order to summarize the extant literature, identify future research questions, synthesize how food-related ERP components relate to eating habits and appetite, and demonstrate the utility of ERPs in examining food-related cognition...
May 19, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787549/long-term-patient-centered-outcomes-of-lower-extremity-vascular-trauma
#16
Zane B Perkins, Barbaros Yet, Simon Glasgow, William Marsh, Nigel R M Tai, Todd E Rasmussen
OBJECTIVE: To describe the long-term outcomes of military lower extremity vascular injuries, and the decision-making of surgeons treating these injuries. BACKGROUND: Lower extremity vascular trauma is an important cause of preventable death and severe disability, and decisions on amputation or limb salvage can be difficult. Additionally, the complexity of the condition is not amenable to controlled study, and there is limited data to guide clinical decision-making and establish sensible treatment expectations during rehabilitation...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786019/measuring-situation-awareness-in-medical-education-objective-structured-clinical-examination-guides
#17
Margaret Frere, John Tepper, Markus Fischer, Kieran Kennedy, Thomas Kropmans
Background: Medical errors are among the most prevalent and serious adverse events in health care. Lack of situation awareness (SA) is an important factor leading to such errors. SA can be understood using Endsley's three-tier model: level 1 is perception, level 2 is comprehension, and level 3 is projection. While there is extensive literature on the theory of SA, it is difficult to measure and quantify. The purpose of this pilot study was to measure, identify, and characterize SA in some medical objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) guides, including a 1st year National University of Ireland, Galway (NUIG) OSCE...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785890/family-networks-and-healthy-behaviour-evidence-from-nepal
#18
Jolene Skordis, Noemi Pace, Marcos Vera-Hernandez, Imran Rasul, Emla Fitzsimons, David Osrin, Dharma Manandhar, Anthony Costello
Models of household decision-making commonly focus on nuclear family members as primary decision-makers. If extended families shape the objectives and constraints of households, then neglecting the role of this network may lead to an incomplete understanding of health-seeking behaviour. Understanding the decision-making processes behind care-seeking may improve behaviour change interventions, better intervention targeting and support health-related development goals. This paper uses data from a cluster randomised trial of a participatory learning and action cycle (PLA) through women's groups, to assess the role of extended family networks as a determinant of gains in health knowledge and health practice...
May 22, 2018: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785820/allocation-of-biologics-health-economics-and-clinical-decision-making-in-plaque-psoriasis
#19
EDITORIAL
N Bray, P Wolf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785685/network-meta-analysis-an-introduction-for-pharmacists
#20
Yina Xu, Mohamed Amine Amiche, Mina Tadrous
Network meta-analysis is a new tool used to summarize and compare studies for multiple interventions, irrespective of whether these interventions have been directly evaluated against each other. Network meta-analysis is quickly becoming the standard in conducting therapeutic reviews and clinical guideline development. However, little guidance is available to help pharmacists review network meta-analysis studies in their practice. Major institutions such as the Cochrane Collaboration, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health, and National Institute for Health and Care Excellence Decision Support Unit have endorsed utilizing network meta-analysis to establish therapeutic evidence and inform decision making...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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