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p53 family member

Bei Wang, Tze Hau Lam, Mun Kuen Soh, Zhiyong Ye, Jinmiao Chen, Ee Chee Ren
Human influenza virus (IAV) are among the most common pathogens to cause human respiratory infections. A better understanding on interplay between IAV and host factors may provide clues for disease prevention and control. While many viruses are known to downregulate p53 upon entering the cell to reduce the innate host antiviral response, IAV infection is unusual in that it activates p53. However, it has not been clear whether this process has proviral or antiviral effects. In this study, using human isogenic p53 wild-type and p53null A549 cells generated from the CRISPR/Cas9 technology, we observed that p53null cells exhibit significantly reduced viral propagation when infected with influenza A virus (strain A/Puerto Rico/8/1934 H1N1)...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Nan Guo, Nan Zhang, Liqiu Yan, Zheng Lian, Jiawang Wang, Fengfeng Lv, Yunfei Wang, Xufen Cao
Acute myocardial infarction induces ventricular remodeling, which is implicated in dilated heart and heart failure. The pathogenical mechanism of myocardium remodeling remains to be elucidated. The aim of the present study was to identify key genes and networks for myocardium remodeling following ischemia‑reperfusion (IR). First, the mRNA expression data from the National Center for Biotechnology Information database were downloaded to identify differences in mRNA expression of the IR heart at days 2 and 7...
June 14, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Shengkai Huang, Yan Li, Xinghua Yuan, Mei Zhao, Jia Wang, You Li, Yuan Li, Hong Lin, Qiao Zhang, Wenjie Wang, Dongdong Li, Xin Dong, Lanfen Li, Min Liu, Weiyan Huang, Changzhi Huang
Ubiquilin4 (Ubqln4), a member of the UbL-UBA protein family, serves as an adaptor in the degradation of specific substrates via the proteasomal pathway. However, the biological function of Ubqln4 remains largely unknown, especially in cancer. Here, we reported that Ubqln4 was downregulated in gastric cancer tissues and functioned as a tumor suppressor by inhibiting gastric cancer cell proliferation in vivo and in vitro. Overexpression of Ubqln4-induced cellular senescence and G1-S cell cycle arrest in gastric cancer cells and activated the p53/p21 axis...
June 13, 2018: Cell Death and Differentiation
Shakhawoat Hossain, Hiroaki Iwasa, Aradhan Sarkar, Junichi Maruyama, Kyoko Arimoto-Matsuzaki, Yutaka Hata
RASSF6 is a member of the tumor suppressor Ras-association domain family (RASSF) proteins. RASSF6 is frequently suppressed in human cancers and its low expression is associated with poor prognosis. RASSF6 regulates cell cycle arrest and apoptosis and plays a tumor suppressor role. Mechanistically, RASSF6 blocks MDM2-mediated p53 degradation and enhances p53 expression. However, RASSF6 also induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in the p53-negative background, which implies that the tumor suppressor function of RASSF6 does not depend solely on p53...
June 11, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Jan-Henrik Mikesch, Wolfgang Hartmann, Linus Angenendt, Otmar Huber, Christoph Schliemann, Maria Francisca Arteaga, Eva Wardelmann, Claudia Rudack, Wolfgang E Berdel, Markus Stenner, Inga Grünewald
PURPOSE: Salivary gland cancer (SGC) is a rare and heterogeneous disease with significant differences in recurrence and metastasis characteristics. As yet, little is known about the mechanisms underlying the initiation and/or progression of these diverse tumors. In recent years, the AAA+ ATPase family members Pontin (RuvBL1, Tip49a) and Reptin (RuvBL2, Tip49b) have been implicated in various processes, including transcription regulation, chromatin remodeling and DNA damage repair, that are frequently deregulated in cancer...
June 5, 2018: Cellular Oncology (Dordrecht)
Qiang He, Hui Li, Fanzhi Meng, Xiangjun Sun, Xu Feng, Jiang Chen, Libo Li, Jinghua Liu
Methionine sulfoxide reductase B1 (MsrB1) is a member of the selenoprotein family, which contributes to the reduction of methionine sulfoxides produced from reactive oxygen species (ROS) by redox processes in energy pathways. However, few studies have examined the role of MsrB1 in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We observed that MsrB1 is highly expressed in HCC tissues and that its expression correlated with the prognoses of patients with HCC after hepatectomy. In vitro , knockdown of MsrB1 inhibits HCC cell growth by MTT and EdU proliferation assay, and MsrB1 interference enhances H2 O2 /trx-induced apoptosis...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Jayashree Thatte, Paola Massimi, Miranda Thomas, Siaw Shi Boon, Lawrence Banks
The presence of a PDZ binding motif (PBM) in the HPV E6 oncoprotein appears to be a characteristic marker of high oncogenic potential and confers interaction with a number of different cellular PDZ domain-containing substrates. The E6 PBM is also subject to phosphorylation, resulting in an inhibition of E6 PDZ binding activity and instead allowing E6 to associate with 14-3-3 proteins. In this study, we have analyzed the conditions under which the E6 PBM is phosphorylated. We demonstrate that in normal cycling cells the levels of E6 phosphorylation are very low...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Virology
Shanshan Li, Hui Cao, Dingzhu Shen, Qingling Jia, Chuan Chen, San Li Xing
Quercetin is a flavonoid that has anti‑inflammatory, anti‑oxidant and lipid metabolic effects. It has also been reported to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. The present study measured the effects of quercetin on the expression of ATP‑binding cassette transporter 1 (ABCAl), ATP‑binding cassette sub‑family G member 1 (ABCG1), liver X receptor‑α (LXR‑α), proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), p53, p21 and p16 induced by oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox‑LDL). RAW264...
May 22, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Rui Kang, Guido Kroemer, Daolin Tang
Ferroptosis is a form of lipid peroxidation-induced cell death that can be regulated in many ways, from altering the activity of antioxidant enzymes to the level of transcription factors. The p53 tumor suppressor is 'the guardian of the genome' that participates in the control of cell survival and division under various stresses. Beyond its effects on apoptosis, autophagy, and cell cycle, p53 also regulates ferroptosis either through a transcriptional or posttranslational mechanism. On one hand, p53 can enhance ferroptosis by inhibiting the expression of SLC7A11 (solute carrier family 7 member 11) or by enhancing that of SAT1 (spermidine/spermine N1-acetyltransferase 1) and GLS2 (glutaminase 2)...
May 23, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Feng Lin, Li Gao, Zhenyu Su, Xiaofang Cao, Yuanbo Zhan, Ying Li, Bin Zhang
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), one of the 10 most common types of neoplasms in the US, constitutes ~90% of all cases of oral malignancies. Chemoresistance and metastasis are difficult to avoid during the course of treatment, leading to a poor prognosis and a high mortality rate for patients with OSCC. Autophagy, a critical conserved cellular process, has been reported to be highly associated with the regulation of chemoresistance and metastasis of cancer cells. The present study investigated the role of karyopherin α2 (KPNA2), a member of the importin α family, which may serve an important role in p53 nucleocytoplasmic transport in the process of OSCC autophagy...
May 17, 2018: Oncology Reports
Maria Rosaria Ricciardi, Valentina Salvestrini, Roberto Licchetta, Simone Mirabilii, Mattia Forcato, Gabriele Gugliotta, Simona Salati, Fausto Castagnetti, Gianantonio Rosti, Massimo Breccia, Giuliana Alimena, Rossella Manfredini, Silvio Bicciato, Roberto Massimo Lemoli, Agostino Tafuri
Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) is a stem cell disease sustained by a rare population of quiescent cells which are to some extent resistant to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). BCR-ABL oncogene activates multiple cross-talking signal transduction pathways (STP), such as RAS/MEK/ERK, PI3K/Akt, Wnt and STAT5, contributing to abnormal proliferation of clonal cells. From this perspective, the aim of this study was to analyze the expression and activation profile of STP involved in the mechanisms of cell proliferation/quiescence and survival of the progenitor CD34+ cells from chronic phase (CP) CML...
April 24, 2018: Oncotarget
Jingchao Wang, Danrui Cui, Shanshan Gu, Xiaoyu Chen, Yanli Bi, Xiufang Xiong, Yongchao Zhao
Apoptosis and autophagy mutually regulate various cellular physiological and pathological processes. The crosstalk between autophagy and apoptosis is multifaceted and complicated. Elucidating the molecular mechanism of their crosstalk will advance the therapeutic applications of autophagy for treating cancer and other diseases. NOXA, a BH3-only member of the BCL-2 family, was reported to induce apoptosis and promote autophagy. Here, we report that autophagy regulates apoptosis by targeting NOXA for degradation...
May 11, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Tomohiro Iguchi, Emako Miyauchi, Sumiko Watanabe, Hisao Masai, Shoichiro Miyatake
Members of the BTB-ZF transcription factor family play important roles in lymphocyte development. During T cell development, ZNF131, a BTB-ZF protein, is critical for the double-negative (DN) to double-positive (DP) transition and is also involved in cell proliferation. Here, we report that knockout of Znf131 at the pre-pro-B cell stage in mb1-Cre knock-in mouse resulted in defect of pro-B to pre-B cell transition. ZNF131 was shown to be required for efficient pro-B cell proliferation as well as for immunoglobulin heavy chain gene rearrangement that occurs in the proliferating pro-B cells...
June 22, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Kun Gao, Yuanyuan Zhang, Qing Shi, Jianong Zhang, Liang Zhang, Huiru Sun, Dongyue Jiao, Xiayin Zhao, Hongru Tao, Youheng Wei, Yuqi Wang, Hexige Saiyin, Shi-Min Zhao, Yao Li, Pingzhao Zhang, Chenji Wang
Cytokinesis is the last step of cell division and is concluded by the abscission of the intercellular bridge that connects two daughter cells. The tight regulation of cytokinesis completion is essential because cytokinesis failure is associated with various human diseases. Here, we report that iASPP, a member of the apoptosis-stimulating proteins of p53 (ASPP) family, is required for proper cell division. iASPP depletion results in abnormal midbody structure and failed cytokinesis. We used protein affinity purification methods to identify the functional partners of iASPP...
May 9, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Norelia Torrealba, Gonzalo Rodríguez-Berriguete, Raúl Vera, Benito Fraile, Gabriel Olmedilla, Pilar Martínez-Onsurbe, Manuel Sánchez-Chapado, Ricardo Paniagua, Mar Royuela
Prostatic diseases such as hyperplasia and cancer are a consequence of glandular aging due to the loss of homeostasis. Glandular homeostasis is guaranteed by the delicate balance between production and cell death. Both cell renewal and apoptosis are part of this delicate balance. We will explore the predictive capacity for biochemical progression, following prostatectomy, of some members of the Bcl-2 family and of proteins involved in cell cycle inhibition in conjunction with established classical markers. The expression of Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, Mcl-1, Bax, Bim, Bad, PUMA, Noxa, p21, p27, Rb and p53 were analyzed by immunochemistry in 86 samples of radical prostatectomy and correlated with each of the markers established clinicopathological tests using statistical tests such as Sperman, Kaplan-Meier curves, unifactorial Cox, and multifactorial...
May 6, 2018: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
Vivekkumar Patel, Vivek P Singh, Jaya Pratap Pinnamaneni, Deepthi Sanagasetti, Jacqueline Olive, Megumi Mathison, Austin Cooney, Elsa R Flores, Ronald G Crystal, Jianchang Yang, Todd K Rosengart
OBJECTIVE: Reprogramming of fibroblasts into induced cardiomyocytes represents a potential new therapy for heart failure. We hypothesized that inactivation of p63, a p53 gene family member, may help overcome human cell resistance to reprogramming. METHODS: p63 Knockout (-/- ) and knockdown murine embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs), p63-/- adult murine cardiac fibroblasts, and human cardiac fibroblasts were assessed for cardiomyocyte-specific feature changes, with or without treatment by the cardiac transcription factors Hand2-Myocardin (HM)...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Pedro Jimenez-Sandoval, Ezequiel A Madrigal-Carrillo, Hugo A Santamaría-Suárez, Daniel Maturana, Itzel Rentería-González, Claudia G Benitez-Cardoza, Alfredo Torres-Larios, Luis G Brieba
Antibodies recognize protein targets with great affinity and specificity. However, posttranslational modifications and the presence of intrinsic disulfide-bonds pose difficulties for their industrial use. The immunoglobulin fold is one of the most ubiquitous folds in nature and it is found in many proteins besides antibodies. An example of a protein family with an immunoglobulin-like fold is the Cysteine Protease Inhibitors (ICP) family I42 of the MEROPs database for protease and protease inhibitors. Members of this protein family are thermostable and do not present internal disulfide bonds...
April 26, 2018: Proteins
Marcus J G W Ladds, Andrés Pastor-Fernández, Gergana Popova, Ingeborg M M van Leeuwen, Kai Er Eng, Catherine J Drummond, Lars Johansson, Richard Svensson, Nicholas J Westwood, Anna R McCarthy, Fredrik Tholander, Mihaela Popa, David P Lane, Emmet McCormack, Gerald M McInerney, Ravi Bhatia, Sonia Laín
Tenovin-6 is the most studied member of a family of small molecules with antitumour activity in vivo. Previously, it has been determined that part of the effects of tenovin-6 associate with its ability to inhibit SirT1 and activate p53. However, tenovin-6 has also been shown to modulate autophagic flux. Here we show that blockage of autophagic flux occurs in a variety of cell lines in response to certain tenovins, that autophagy blockage occurs regardless of the effect of tenovins on SirT1 or p53, and that this blockage is dependent on the aliphatic tertiary amine side chain of these molecules...
2018: PloS One
Jana Čechová, Jan Coufal, Eva B Jagelská, Miroslav Fojta, Václav Brázda
p73 is a member of the p53 protein family and has essential functions in several signaling pathways involved in development, differentiation, DNA damage responses and cancer. As a transcription factor, p73 achieves these functions by binding to consensus DNA sequences and p73 shares at least partial target DNA binding sequence specificity with p53. Transcriptional activation by p73 has been demonstrated for more than fifty p53 targets in yeast and/or human cancer cell lines. It has also been shown previously that p53 binding to DNA is strongly dependent on DNA topology and the presence of inverted repeats that can form DNA cruciforms, but whether p73 transcriptional activity has similar dependence has not been investigated...
2018: PloS One
Pengbo Guo, Yumin Qiu, Xiaomin Ma, Tao Li, Xiaoxiao Ma, Lihui Zhu, Yueke Lin, Lihui Han
Anoikis-resistance is an essential feature of cancer cells to obtain successful metastasis, whereas the molecular mechanism involved in this process of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells is not fully understood. Here we demonstrated that tripartite motif-containing (TRIM) 31, a new member of the TRIM family, was significantly upregulated in the anchorage-deprived HCC cells compared with their attached counterpart. When we blocked TRIM31 expression by its specific interference RNAs, the anoikis-resistance of HCC cells was significantly reversed...
July 1, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
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