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p53 family member

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684045/autophagic-flux-blockage-by-accumulation-of-weakly-basic-tenovins-leads-to-elimination-of-b-raf-mutant-tumour-cells-that-survive-vemurafenib
#1
Marcus J G W Ladds, Andrés Pastor-Fernández, Gergana Popova, Ingeborg M M van Leeuwen, Kai Er Eng, Catherine J Drummond, Lars Johansson, Richard Svensson, Nicholas J Westwood, Anna R McCarthy, Fredrik Tholander, Mihaela Popa, David P Lane, Emmet McCormack, Gerald M McInerney, Ravi Bhatia, Sonia Laín
Tenovin-6 is the most studied member of a family of small molecules with antitumour activity in vivo. Previously, it has been determined that part of the effects of tenovin-6 associate with its ability to inhibit SirT1 and activate p53. However, tenovin-6 has also been shown to modulate autophagic flux. Here we show that blockage of autophagic flux occurs in a variety of cell lines in response to certain tenovins, that autophagy blockage occurs regardless of the effect of tenovins on SirT1 or p53, and that this blockage is dependent on the aliphatic tertiary amine side chain of these molecules...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668749/p73-like-its-p53-homolog-shows-preference-for-inverted-repeats-forming-cruciforms
#2
Jana Čechová, Jan Coufal, Eva B Jagelská, Miroslav Fojta, Václav Brázda
p73 is a member of the p53 protein family and has essential functions in several signaling pathways involved in development, differentiation, DNA damage responses and cancer. As a transcription factor, p73 achieves these functions by binding to consensus DNA sequences and p73 shares at least partial target DNA binding sequence specificity with p53. Transcriptional activation by p73 has been demonstrated for more than fifty p53 targets in yeast and/or human cancer cell lines. It has also been shown previously that p53 binding to DNA is strongly dependent on DNA topology and the presence of inverted repeats that can form DNA cruciforms, but whether p73 transcriptional activity has similar dependence has not been investigated...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665353/tripartite-motif-31-promotes-resistance-to-anoikis-of-hepatocarcinoma-cells-through-regulation-of-p53-ampk-axis
#3
Pengbo Guo, Yumin Qiu, Xiaomin Ma, Tao Li, Xiaoxiao Ma, Lihui Zhu, Yueke Lin, Lihui Han
Anoikis-resistance is an essential feature of cancer cells to obtain successful metastasis, whereas the molecular mechanism involved in this process of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells is not fully understood. Here we demonstrated that tripartite motif-containing (TRIM) 31, a new member of the TRIM family, was significantly upregulated in the anchorage-deprived HCC cells compared with their attached counterpart. When we blocked TRIM31 expression by its specific interference RNAs, the anoikis-resistance of HCC cells was significantly reversed...
April 14, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665316/clinical-significance-of-tm4sf1-as-a-tumor-suppressor-gene-in-gastric-cancer
#4
Xing-Chun Peng, Zhi Zeng, Yu-Ning Huang, Yun-Chao Deng, Guo-Hui Fu
Transmembrane-4-L-six-family member-1 (TM4SF1), a tumor-associated antigen, is overexpressed in most epithelial cell carcinomas and a potential target for antibody-mediated therapy. However, the role of TM4SF1 in gastric cancer has not been elucidated. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical significance of TM4SF1 expression in gastric carcinoma (GC) tissues using 152 GC tissue samples and matched adjacent nontumor tissue samples analyzed by immunohistochemistry, and 13 fresh GC tissue samples analyzed by Western blotting...
April 17, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620256/kifc1-a-novel-potential-prognostic-factor-and-therapeutic-target-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#5
Xiaowei Fu, Yaqiong Zhu, Bingbing Zheng, Yeqing Zou, Chao Wang, Peng Wu, Jun Wang, Haimin Chen, Pengcheng Du, Bo Liang, Lu Fang
Kinesin family member C1 (KIFC1, also known as HSET) is a minus end-directed motor protein, which is critical in centrosome clustering. The present study investigated the expression of KIFC1 in paired hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues and adjacent non-cancerous tissues from 91 patients by immunohistochemical analysis; clinical data were concomitantly collected. KIFC1 was expressed at high levels in HCC tissues, compared with that in peritumoral tissues (54.9 vs. 14.3%; P<0.01), and its expression correlated with tumor emboli, metastasis, recurrence and time of recurrence...
March 29, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595458/-nucleocytoplasmic-translocation-of-ing5-protein-in-breast-cancer-and-its-correlation-with-poor-clinicopathological-characteristics-of-breast-cancer
#6
Yang Song, Shupeng Zhao, Fengjie Qi, Huachuan Zheng
Objective To investigate the nucleocytoplasmic translocation of inhibitor of growth family member 5 (ING5) gene in human breast cancer and the negative correlation between the nuclear high expression of ING5 protein and the clinicopathological characteristics of breast cancer. Methods We collected 260 cases of clinical primary breast cancer, 55 cases of metastatic cancer in lymph node, 61 cases of breast fibroadenoma, 110 cases of adenomatosis, and 91 cases of para-cancerous tissues. With the tissue microarrays, we detected ING5 expression in the nucleus and cytoplasm through immunohistochemistry, and statistically analyzed the correlations of nuclear and cytoplasmic ING5 expression with the clinicopathological characteristics of breast cancer...
January 2018: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588647/stat3-stem-cells-cancer-stem-cells-and-p63
#7
REVIEW
Michaela Galoczova, Philip Coates, Borivoj Vojtesek
Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription 3 (STAT3) is a transcription factor with many important functions in the biology of normal and transformed cells. Its regulation is highly complex as it is involved in signaling pathways in many different cell types and under a wide variety of conditions. Besides other functions, STAT3 is an important regulator of normal stem cells and cancer stem cells. p63 which is a member of the p53 protein family is also involved in these functions and is both physically and functionally connected with STAT3...
2018: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581525/innate-immune-system-activation-in-zebrafish-and-cellular-models-of-diamond-blackfan-anemia
#8
Nadia Danilova, Mark Wilkes, Elena Bibikova, Min-Young Youn, Kathleen M Sakamoto, Shuo Lin
Deficiency of ribosomal proteins (RPs) leads to Diamond Blackfan Anemia (DBA) associated with anemia, congenital defects, and cancer. While p53 activation is responsible for many features of DBA, the role of immune system is less defined. The Innate immune system can be activated by endogenous nucleic acids from non-processed pre-rRNAs, DNA damage, and apoptosis that occurs in DBA. Recognition by toll like receptors (TLRs) and Mda5-like sensors induces interferons (IFNs) and inflammation. Dying cells can also activate complement system...
March 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579206/a-mir-200-cluster-on-chromosome-23-regulates-sperm-motility-in-zebrafish
#9
Shuting Xiong, Wenge Ma, Jing Jing, Jin Zhang, Cheng Dan, Jian-Fang Gui, Jie Mei
Besides its well-documented roles in cell proliferation, apoptosis and carcinogenesis, the function of p53-microRNA axis has been recently revealed in reproductive system. Recent studies indicated that miR-200 family members are dys-regulated in nonobstructive azoospermia patients, whereas their functions remain poorly documented. The aims of this study were to investigate the function of miR-200 family on zebrafish testis development and sperm activity. There was no significant difference in testis morphology and histology between wildtype and knockout zebrafish with deletion of miR-200 cluster on chromosome 6 (chr6-miR-200-KO) or on chromosome 23 (chr23-miR-200-KO)...
March 19, 2018: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568390/characterization-of-brain-tumor-initiating-cells-isolated-from-an-animal-model-of-cns-primitive-neuroectodermal-tumors
#10
Sergey Malchenko, Simone T Sredni, Jerusha Boyineni, Yingtao Bi, Naira V Margaryan, Maheedhara R Guda, Yulia Kostenko, Tadanori Tomita, Ramana V Davuluri, Kiran Velpula, Mary J C Hendrix, Marcelo B Soares
CNS Primitive Neuroectodermal tumors (CNS-PNETs) are members of the embryonal family of malignant childhood brain tumors, which remain refractory to current therapeutic treatments. Current paradigm of brain tumorigenesis implicates brain tumor-initiating cells (BTIC) in the onset of tumorigenesis and tumor maintenance. However, despite their significance, there is currently no comprehensive characterization of CNS-PNETs BTICs. Recently, we described an animal model of CNS-PNET generated by orthotopic transplantation of human Radial Glial (RG) cells - the progenitor cells for adult neural stem cells (NSC) - into NOD-SCID mice brain and proposed that BTICs may play a role in the maintenance of these tumors...
March 2, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568378/human-tripartite-motif-protein-52-is-required-for-cell-context-dependent-proliferation
#11
Stefan Benke, Benedikt Agerer, Lisa Haas, Martin Stöger, Alexander Lercher, Lisa Gabler, Izabella Kiss, Sara Scinicariello, Walter Berger, Andreas Bergthaler, Anna C Obenauf, Gijs A Versteeg
Tripartite motif (TRIM) proteins have been shown to play important roles in cancer development and progression by modulating cell proliferation or resistance from cell death during non-homeostatic stress conditions found in tumor micro-environments. In this study, we set out to investigate the importance for cellular fitness of the virtually uncharacterized family member TRIM52. The human TRIM52 gene has arisen recently in evolution, making it unlikely that TRIM52 is required for basic cellular functions in normal cells...
March 2, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564177/investigation-of-targetable-predictive-and-prognostic-markers-in-gallbladder-carcinoma
#12
Azfar Neyaz, Nuzhat Husain, Sameer Gupta, Swati Kumari, Aditi Arora, Namrata Puneet Awasthi, Kiran Preet Malhotra, Sanjeev Misra
Background: Gallbladder carcinoma, uncommon in most of the world, is frequent in South East Asia. It presents in advanced stages with limited therapeutic options. We investigated targetable predictive and prognostic Markers in 268 cases including 233 primary site lesions and 35 metastatic gallbladder carcinoma. Methods: EGFR, VEGF, HER2/Neu and p53 were assessed using immunohistochemistry. HER2/Neu was validated in a subset by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) using tissue microarray (TMA)...
February 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562599/epstein-barr-virus-gene-barf1-expression-is-regulated-by-the-epithelial-differentiation-factor-%C3%AE-np63%C3%AE-in-undifferentiated-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#13
Eveline Hoebe, Coral Wille, Stacy Hagemeier, Shannon Kenney, Astrid Greijer, Jaap Middeldorp
Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) BamHI-A rightward frame 1 (BARF1) protein is considered a viral oncogene in epithelial cells and has immune-modulating properties. During viral lytic replication BARF1 is expressed as an early gene, regulated by the immediate early EBV protein R. However, in viral latency BARF1 is exclusively expressed in epithelial tumors such as nasopharyngeal (NPC) and gastric carcinoma (GC) but not in lymphomas, indicating that activation of the BARF1 promoter is cell type specific. Undifferentiated NPC is characterized by high expression of ΔNp63 isoforms of the epithelial differentiation marker p63, a member of the p53 family of transcription factors...
March 17, 2018: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557214/current-understanding-and-future-perspectives-of-the-roles-of-sirtuins-in-the-reprogramming-and-differentiation-of-pluripotent-stem-cells
#14
Yi-Chao Hsu, Yu-Ting Wu, Chia-Ling Tsai, Yau-Huei Wei
In mammalian cells, there are seven members of the sirtuin protein family (SIRT1-7). SIRT1, SIRT6, and SIRT7 catalyze posttranslational modification of proteins in the nucleus, SIRT3, SIRT4, and SIRT5 are in the mitochondria and SIRT2 is in the cytosol. SIRT1 can deacetylate the transcription factor SOX2 and regulate induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) reprogramming through the miR-34a-SIRT1-p53 axis. SIRT2 can regulate the function of pluripotent stem cells through GSK3β. SIRT3 can positively regulate PPAR gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC-1α) expression during the differentiation of stem cells...
March 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544896/the-role-of-aurora-a-in-cancer-stem-cells
#15
REVIEW
Minle Li, Keyu Gao, Laili Chu, Junnian Zheng, Jing Yang
Aurora kinase A (Aurora-A), a member of the Aurora family of serine/threonine kinases, plays a critical role in multiple steps of mitotic progression, including microtubule stability during the G1 phase of the cell cycle, chromosome alignment and segregation, and cytokinesis and is aberrantly expressed in various types of human cancers. In addition to its classic functions, recent studies have indicated that Aurora-A is critical for controlling self-renewal of embryonic stem cells through negative regulation of p53...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535534/tspan12-is-overexpressed-in-nsclc-via-p53-inhibition-and-promotes-nsclc-cell-growth-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#16
Zhongwu Hu, Daorong Hou, Xiaowei Wang, Zhenbing You, Xiufeng Cao
Background: Tetraspanin 12 (TSPAN12), a member of the phylogenetically ancient tetraspanin family, is linked to impaired vascularization of the eye called familial exudative vitreoretinopathy, while the functional role of TSPAN12 in lung cancer has not been well characterized. Results: In our study, TSPAN12 is able to regulate the growth of non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cells both in vitro and in vivo. TSPAN12 mRNA level was significantly increased in human NSCLC samples compared with their corresponding paracancerous histologic normal tissues...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534752/teriflunomide-promotes-oligodendroglial-differentiation-and-myelination
#17
Peter Göttle, Anastasia Manousi, David Kremer, Laura Reiche, Hans-Peter Hartung, Patrick Küry
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neuroinflammatory autoimmune disease of the central nervous system (CNS) which in most cases initially presents with episodes of transient functional deficits (relapsing-remitting MS; RRMS) and eventually develops into a secondary progressive form (SPMS). Aside from neuroimmunological activities, MS is also characterized by neurodegenerative and regenerative processes. The latter involve the restoration of myelin sheaths-electrically insulating structures which are the primary targets of autoimmune attacks...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532868/secretome-analysis-of-rat-osteoblasts-during-icariin-treatment-induced-osteogenesis
#18
Weiqing Qian, Yan Su, Yajie Zhang, Nianwei Yao, Nin Gu, Xu Zhang, Hong Yin
Osteoporosis is a serious public health problem and icariin (ICA) is the active component of the Epimedium sagittatum, a traditional Chinese medicinal herb. The present study aimed to investigate the effects and underlying mechanisms of ICA as a potential therapy for osteoporosis. Calvaria osteoblasts were isolated from newborn rats and treated with ICA. Cell viability, apoptosis, alkaline phosphatase activity and calcium deposition were analyzed. Bioinformatics analyses were performed to identify differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) in response to ICA treatment...
March 9, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531824/nr4a2-protects-cardiomyocytes-against-myocardial-infarction-injury-by-promoting-autophagy
#19
Honghong Liu, Pingping Liu, Xingxing Shi, Deling Yin, Jing Zhao
Myocardial infarction (MI), characterized by ischemia-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis, is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. NR4A2, a member of the NR4A orphan nucleus receptor family, is upregulated in mouse hearts with MI injury. Furthermore, NR4A2 knockdown aggravates heart injury as evidenced by enlarged hearts and increased apoptosis. To elucidate the underlying mechanisms of NR4A2-regulated apoptosis, we used H9c2 cardiomyocytes deprived of serum and neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs) exposed to hypoxia to mimic ischemic conditions in vivo...
December 2018: Cell Death Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530947/transcriptional-regulation-in-prostate-cancer
#20
David P Labbé, Myles Brown
Prostate cancer development involves corruption of the normal prostate transcriptional network, following deregulated expression or mutation of key transcription factors. Here, we provide an overview of the transcription factors that are important in normal prostate homeostasis (NKX3-1, p63, androgen receptor [AR]), primary prostate cancer (ETS family members, c-MYC), castration-resistant prostate cancer (AR, FOXA1), and AR-independent castration-resistant neuroendocrine prostate cancer (RB1, p53, N-MYC). We use functional (in vitro and in vivo) as well as clinical data to discuss evidence that unveils their roles in the initiation and progression of prostate cancer, with an emphasis on results of chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by high-throughput sequencing (ChIP-seq)...
March 12, 2018: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
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