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contrast enhancement sonography and cerebrovascular events

A Kunz, G Hahn, D Mucha, A Müller, K M Barrett, R von Kummer, G Gahn
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Transcranial color-coded duplex sonography (TCCD) is a diagnostic technique for evaluation of intracranial arteries in patients with acute stroke. Echo-enhancing contrast agents (EEAs) are necessary to visualize intracranial vessels in up to 30% of patients because of limited acoustic bone windows. In this study, we assessed the diagnostic efficacy of echo-enhanced TCCD (eTCCD) in correlation with the gold standard, digital subtraction angiography (DSA). METHODS: We prospectively evaluated all patients with eTCCD who subsequently underwent DSA for evaluation of cerebrovascular symptoms over a 24-month period...
November 2006: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
M Kaps, D A Legemate, F Ries, R G Ackerstaff, H Markus, C Pezzoll, J B Llull, A Spinazzi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The authors investigated the safety and diagnostic potential of a new ultrasound contrast agent (SonoVue) using transcranial color-coded duplex sonography (TCCS). METHODS: Forty patients were enrolled in a multicenter, open-label (on-site), blind (off-site), randomized, dose-ranging crossover study. SonoVue was administered as an intravenous bolus injection of 4 different dosages (0.3, 0.6, 1.2, and 2.4 mL). Efficacy was evaluated as (1) off-site assessment of global quality of the Doppler investigation (based on color or power Doppler images and spectral analysis) at baseline and following each dose of SonoVue according to a 4-point scale (from very poor to excellent imaging of blood flow) and (2) duration of clinically useful signal enhancement and color or power Doppler visualization of blood flow...
July 2001: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
M Kaps, G Seidel, D Bokor, B Modrau, C Algermissen
Insufficient ultrasound penetration through the temporal bone is a serious limitation of transcranial ultrasound diagnostics. In a phase I study, the authors studied safety and ultrasound enhancing potentials of the new transpulmonary ultrasound contrast agent SonoVue, which contains sulfur hexafluoride gas microbubbles stabilized by a phospholipid shell. Twelve healthy volunteers received four different doses of SonoVue (0.3 ml, 0.6 ml, 1.2 ml, and 2.4 ml) intravenously. The duration of ultrasound contrast enhancement was measured by transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) and transcranial color-coded sonography (TCCS)...
July 1999: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
B Widder
In recent years transcranial Doppler and duplex sonography have become valuable methods supplementary to extracranial vascular investigations and especially in intensive care medicine. High grade stenoses and occlusions of the basal cerebral arteries as well as vascular spasms after subarachnoidal haemorrhage can be assessed using well-known Doppler criteria. Since it can reliably detect significantly enhanced intracranial pressure, the Doppler technique can be used also for shortening the waiting time in confirming brain death...
August 1994: Ultraschall in der Medizin
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