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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778082/a-review-of-the-impacts-of-tobacco-heating-system-on-indoor-air-quality-versus-conventional-pollution-sources
#1
REVIEW
Violeta Kaunelienė, Marija Meišutovič-Akhtarieva, Dainius Martuzevičius
With the introduction of novel and potentially less polluting nicotine containing products to the market, the impacts of their usage to indoor air quality as opposed to conventional pollution sources must be reviewed and considered. This review study aimed to comparatively analyse changes in indoor air quality as the consequence of tobacco heating system (THS) generated pollution against general indoor air quality in various micro-environments, especially with combustion-based pollution sources present. Indoor concentrations of formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, benzene, toluene, nicotine and PM2...
May 8, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778052/self-reported-nonsuicidal-self-injury-nssi-and-sex-as-self-injury-sasi-relationship-to-abuse-risk-behaviors-trauma-symptoms-self-esteem-and-attachment
#2
Maria Zetterqvist, Carl Göran Svedin, Cecilia Fredlund, Gisela Priebe, Marie Wadsby, Linda S Jonsson
This study focuses on a conceptually unexplored behavior among adolescents who report deliberately using sex as a means of self-injury. In a large high school-based sample (n = 5743), adolescents who engaged in sex as self-injury (SASI, n = 43) were compared to adolescents who reported direct nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI, n = 933) and those who reported both NSSI and SASI (n = 82). Results showed that significantly more adolescents with SASI had experience of penetrating sexual abuse, as well as more sexual partners compared to those with NSSI...
May 7, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778011/bisphenol-a-exposure-through-receipt-handling-and-its-association-with-insulin-resistance-among-female-cashiers
#3
Inae Lee, Sunmi Kim, Ki-Tae Kim, Sungkyoon Kim, Suhyun Park, Hyojin Lee, Yunsun Jeong, Jae-Eun Lim, Hyo-Bang Moon, Kyungho Choi
Bisphenol A (BPA) is one of the most widely used chemicals in various consumer products. In thermal papers such as receipts and tickets, BPA is used as a heat-activated developer. Cashiers are therefore suspected to be a vulnerable group of exposure to BPA, but neither contribution of receipt handling to the total body burden of BPA among cashiers, nor related health effects are well characterized. Female cashiers (n = 54) were recruited from seven retail shops of a major supermarket chain in Korea, and urinary levels of BPA and metabolic syndrome (MetS) related biomarkers were measured...
May 16, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777967/rates-and-correlates-of-disordered-eating-among-women-veterans-in-primary-care
#4
Laura J Buchholz, Paul R King, Laura O Wray
Rates of disordered eating may be higher among women veterans than civilians, and are associated with co-occurring mental health (MH) conditions, such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and alcohol misuse. Although evidence suggests that these conditions are common in primary care settings, limited research has examined symptoms of disordered eating among women veterans in primary care. This study used a cross-sectional design to examine rates and MH correlates of disordered eating among women veterans treated in a primary care setting...
May 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777956/how-do-gender-relations-affect-the-working-lives-of-close-to-community-health-service-providers-empirical-research-a-review-and-conceptual-framework
#5
Rosalind Steege, Miriam Taegtmeyer, Rosalind McCollum, Kate Hawkins, Hermen Ormel, Maryse Kok, Sabina Rashid, Lilian Otiso, Mohsin Sidat, Kingsley Chikaphupha, Daniel Gemechu Datiko, Rukhsana Ahmed, Rachel Tolhurst, Woedem Gomez, Sally Theobald
Close-to-community (CTC) providers have been identified as a key cadre to progress universal health coverage and address inequities in health service provision due to their embedded position within communities. CTC providers both work within, and are subject to, the gender norms at community level but may also have the potential to alter them. This paper synthesises current evidence on gender and CTC providers and the services they deliver. This study uses a two-stage exploratory approach drawing upon qualitative research from the six countries (Bangladesh, Indonesia, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique) that were part of the REACHOUT consortium...
May 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777860/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-functional-assessment-of-chronic-illness-therapy-cervical-dysplasia-facit-cd-questionnaire-for-serbian-women
#6
Vesna Kesić, Radmila Sparić, Rafal Watrowski, Jelena Dotlić, Radomir Stefanović, Gorica Marić, Tatjana Pekmezović
OBJECTIVES: The FACIT-CD (Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy - Cervical Dysplasia) questionnaire is a disease-specific instrument for assessing the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in women with cervical dysplasia. Our aim was to perform a cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric evaluation of the FACIT-CD scale in Serbian women with cervical squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL). STUDY DESIGN: Our study included women of reproductive age diagnosed with SIL in a single university-affiliated hospital...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777749/burden-of-liver-disease-in-europe-epidemiology-and-analysis-of-risk-factors-to-identify-prevention-policies
#7
REVIEW
Laura Pimpin, Helena Cortez-Pinto, Francesco Negro, Emily Corbould, Jeffrey V Lazarus, Laura Webber, Nick Sheron
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The burden of liver disease in Europe continues to grow. We aimed to describe the epidemiology of liver diseases and their risk factors in European countries, and identify public health interventions that could impact on these risk factors to reduce the burden of liver disease. METHODS: As part of the HEPAHEALTH project, commissioned by EASL, we extracted information on historical and current prevalence and mortality from national and international literature and databases on liver disease in 35 countries in the WHO European region, as well as historical and recent prevalence data on their main determinants; alcohol consumption, obesity and hepatitis B and C virus infections...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777729/pharmacogenetic-tests-to-guide-drug-treatment-in-depression-comparison-of-the-available-testing-kits-and-clinical-trials
#8
REVIEW
Chiara Fabbri, Joseph Zohar, Alessandro Serretti
The empirical approach to drug choice and dosing in depression often results into inadequate response and side effects. Pharmacogenetic (PGx) testing appears a promising way to implement personalized treatments. A systematic review was performed to identify available PGx tests, compare the genes they include with clinical guidelines and drug labels, and assess the quality of published clinical studies. ~40 commercial PGx tests are available and potential benefits were estimated for nine of them by clinical studies...
May 16, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777639/religious-perceptions-and-attitudes-of-men-towards-discontinuation-of-female-genital-cutting-in-nigeria-evidence-from-the-2013-nigeria-demographic-and-health-survey
#9
Ayotunde Titilayo, Martin E Palamuleni, John O Olaoye-Oyesola, Olumide M Owoeye
Men's roles in any patriarchal society and the influence of their religious belief cannot be overemphasized especially in a culturally encrypted matter like female genital cutting (FGC).The study sample consisted of 8,111 men who had previous awareness of FGC from a cross-sectional nationally representative survey in Nigeria. The data took into cognizance the religious belief of the respondents as well as their attitude towards FGC among others. Analytical bivariate and multivariate ordered logistic estimates for FGC discontinuation were considered for the study...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777605/ethics-and-or-aesthetics-reflections-on-cosmetic-surgery-for-adolescents
#10
Gianluca Montanari Vergallo, Enrico Marinelli, Simona Napoletano, Natale Mario Di Luca, Simona Zaami
Cosmetic surgery entails various ethical issues, even more so in cases involving adolescent patients. Cosmetic surgeons need to take into account how modern societies consider physical appearance an essential component of everyday life, as well as the vulnerability of youths and adolescents. For that reason, it is imperative to thoroughly assess the psychological and emotional states, in addition to the motivations, of minor patients. That goal can be achieved through the use of the DAS-59, (the Derriford Appearance Scale)1 , an effective and dependable tool devised to evaluate the psychological difficulties and distress experienced by people living with problems of appearance...
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777517/spillover-effects-of-maternal-chronic-disease-on-children-s-quality-of-life-and-behaviors-among-low-income-families
#11
Vivian Y W Guo, Carlos K H Wong, Rosa S M Wong, Esther Y T Yu, Patrick Ip, Cindy L K Lam
BACKGROUND: Mothers with chronic diseases may have spillover effects on their children. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the spillover effects of mothers with chronic disease on their children's health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and behavior. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 255 mother-child pairs (130 boys and 125 girls, mean age 8.4 years) from low-income Chinese families. We asked the mothers to self-report any doctor-diagnosed chronic diseases, and evaluate their children's HRQOL and behaviors with the Child Health Questionnaire-Parent Form-50 (CHQ-PF50) and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), respectively...
May 18, 2018: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777497/assessing-the-external-benefits-of-contaminated-soil-remediation-in-korea-a-choice-experiment-study
#12
Seul-Ye Lim, Hyo-Jin Kim, Seung-Hoon Yoo
Korean government has made and will continue to make a considerable investment in contaminated soil remediation to rectify the problems that arise from soil pollution. Quantitative information on the benefits of contaminated soil remediation is widely demanded by the public as well as the government. This article aims to assess the external benefits of contaminated soil remediation. A survey of 1000 randomly selected households was undertaken in Korea. The results show that the marginal willingness to pay values for a 1% decrease in human health hazard, a 1% improvement in biodiversity restoration, and 1000 new job creation by contaminated soil remediation are estimated to be KRW 204 (USD 0...
May 19, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777491/-effects-of-an-integrated-neighborhood-approach-on-older-people-s-health-related-quality-of-life-and-well-being
#13
Hanna M van Dijk, Jane M Cramm, Erwin Birnie, Anna P Nieboer
Integrated neighborhood approaches (INAs) are increasingly advocated to support community-dwelling older people; their effectiveness however remains unknown. We evaluated INA effects on older people's (health-related) quality of life (HRQoL) and well-being in Rotterdam. We used a matched quasi-experimental design comparing INA with "usual" care and support. Community-dwelling people (aged ≥70) and control subjects (n = 186 each) were followed over a one-year period (measurements at baseline, 6 and 12 months)...
May 18, 2018: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777470/prevalence-of-depression-among-caregivers-of-indian-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#14
Javeed Iqbal Bhat, Wasim Ahmad Wani, Bashir A Charoo, Syed Wajid Ali, Qazi Iqbal Ahmad, Ambreen Ali Ahangar
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence of depression among caregivers of children with cystic fibrosis and its impact on the health and well being of these children. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital from September 2015 through August 2016. Forty one parents of children receiving treatment at the Cystic fibrosis (CF) clinic were approached to be part of the study. Six families declined the request resulting in 85% recruitment rate...
May 19, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777462/a-composite-of-multisystem-injury-and-neurocognitive-impairment-in-hiv-infection-association-with-everyday-functioning
#15
María J Marquine, Ilse Flores, Rujvi Kamat, Neco Johnson, Anya Umlauf, Scott Letendre, Dilip Jeste, Igor Grant, David Moore, Robert K Heaton
The Veterans Aging Cohort Study (VACS) Index is a composite marker of multisystem injury among HIV-infected persons. We aimed to examine its cross-sectional association with functional outcomes, after considering neurocognitive impairment (NCI) and other well-established correlates of everyday functioning among HIV-infected persons. Participants included 670 HIV-infected adults (ages 18-76; 88% male; 63% non-Hispanic White; median current CD4 = 404 cells/mm3 ; 67% on antiretroviral therapy; AIDS = 63%) enrolled in observational studies at the University of California San Diego HIV Neurobehavioral Research Program...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777424/use-and-overuse-of-triptans-in-austria-a-survey-based-on-nationwide-healthcare-claims-data
#16
Karin Zebenholzer, Walter Gall, Christian Wöber
BACKGROUND: To evaluate triptan use and overuse as well as prescription patterns in Austria based on a nationwide healthcare database because data on triptan use and overuse in Austria is missing. METHODS: We included all persons insured with one of 19 Austrian social security institutions in 2007. Inclusion criteria comprised an age of 18-99 years, known sex, and receipt of insurance benefits. We defined triptan use as ≥1 package of a triptan dispensed in 2007 and triptan overuse as ≥30 defined daily doses dispensed in at least one quarter...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777413/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-borderline-personality-disorder-in-the-college-mental-health-setting
#17
REVIEW
Claire M Brickell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The impact of borderline personality disorder (BPD) on college students is not well studied, and there is currently little data about its phenomenology or treatment in this population. We review the available literature regarding evidence-based treatment for BPD on college campuses, as well as best-practice guidelines for the treatment of mental illness in the college setting. Diagnostic disclosure and psychoeducation are proposed as practical first steps in improving the treatment landscape...
May 18, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777375/a-comparison-of-the-effects-of-antibiotics-probiotics-synbiotics-and-prebiotics-on-the-performance-and-carcass-characteristics-of-broilers
#18
Vahid Tayeri, Alireza Seidavi, Leila Asadpour, Clive J C Phillips
Routine use of the antibiotic flavomycin in broiler production may lead to resistance, and alternative growth promoters are used to enhance performance. Two hundred day-old male Ross 308 broiler chicks were allocated to five dietary supplements included from d 1-42: flavomycin, three possible alternatives, a probiotic, prebiotic and a synbiotic, as well as a control treatment. There were four replicate cages of 10 birds each in each treatment. Compared with the control and antibiotics treatments, the probiotic, prebiotic and synbiotic treatments increased (p = 0...
May 18, 2018: Veterinary Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777334/patient-engagement-in-community-health-center-leadership-how-does-it-happen
#19
Anjana E Sharma, Beatrice Huang, Margae Knox, Rachel Willard-Grace, Michael B Potter
Patient engagement in primary care leadership is an important means to involve community voices at community health centers. Federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) are mandated to have patient representation within their governing boards, while practices seeking patient-centered medical home certification receive credit for implementing patient advisory councils (PACs). Our objective was to compare and contrast how community health centers engage patients in clinic management, decision-making and planning within governing boards versus PACs...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777245/growth-assessment-and-monitoring-during-childhood
#20
Fabian Yap, Yung Seng Lee, Marion Margaret Hy Aw
Growth is an indicator of the health and nutritional status of infants and children. Health organisations and professionals worldwide advocate monitoring the growth of children with the primary aim of identifying and preventing malnutrition and/or obesity. Growth monitoring should be part of every health care consultation for children. However, physicians during health care consultations are often so busy addressing acute health issues, that they miss the opportunity to monitor the child's growth and provide anticipatory guidance...
April 2018: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
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