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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231551/acute-effect-of-ozone-exposure-on-daily-mortality-in-seven-cities-of-jiangsu-province-china-no-clear-evidence-for-threshold
#1
Kai Chen, Lian Zhou, Xiaodong Chen, Jun Bi, Patrick L Kinney
BACKGROUND: Few multicity studies have addressed the health effects of ozone in China due to the scarcity of ozone monitoring data. A critical scientific and policy-relevant question is whether a threshold exists in the ozone-mortality relationship. METHODS: Using a generalized additive model and a univariate random-effects meta-analysis, this research evaluated the relationship between short-term ozone exposure and daily total mortality in seven cities of Jiangsu Province, China during 2013-2014...
February 20, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231481/the-influence-of-personality-traits-and-emotional-and-behavioral-problems-on-repetitive-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-a-school-sample
#2
Janine Lüdtke, Benedict Weizenegger, Rachel Rauber, Brigitte Contin, Tina In-Albon, Marc Schmid
BACKGROUND: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is highly prevalent among adolescents and associated with various mental health problems and suicidality. Previous studies have found that certain personality traits are related to NSSI behavior, however only few studies examined personality traits in adolescents with NSSI. Our study aimed to assess the relationship between personality traits and emotional and behavioral problems in predicting repetitive NSSI among adolescents from a school sample...
February 14, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231441/risk-behaviours-for-organism-transmission-in-health-care-delivery-a-two-month-unstructured-observational-study
#3
Maria Lindberg, Magnus Lindberg, Bernice Skytt
BACKGROUND: Errors in infection control practices risk patient safety. The probability for errors can increase when care practices become more multifaceted. It is therefore fundamental to track risk behaviours and potential errors in various care situations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe care situations involving risk behaviours for organism transmission that could lead to subsequent healthcare-associated infections. DESIGN & SETTING: Unstructured nonparticipant observations were performed at three medical wards...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231380/perioperative-medications-for-preventing-temporarily-increased-intraocular-pressure-after-laser-trabeculoplasty
#4
REVIEW
Linda Zhang, Jennifer S Weizer, David C Musch
BACKGROUND: Glaucoma is the international leading cause of irreversible blindness. Intraocular pressure (IOP) is the only currently known modifiable risk factor; it can be reduced by medications, incisional surgery, or laser trabeculoplasty (LTP). LTP reduces IOP by 25% to 30% from baseline, but early acute IOP elevation after LTP is a common adverse effect. Most of these IOP elevations are transient, but temporarily elevated IOP may cause further optic nerve damage, worsening of glaucoma requiring additional therapy, and permanent vision loss...
February 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231289/rehr-an-r-package-for-manipulating-and-analysing-electronic-health-record-data
#5
David A Springate, Rosa Parisi, Ivan Olier, David Reeves, Evangelos Kontopantelis
Research with structured Electronic Health Records (EHRs) is expanding as data becomes more accessible; analytic methods advance; and the scientific validity of such studies is increasingly accepted. However, data science methodology to enable the rapid searching/extraction, cleaning and analysis of these large, often complex, datasets is less well developed. In addition, commonly used software is inadequate, resulting in bottlenecks in research workflows and in obstacles to increased transparency and reproducibility of the research...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231283/rapid-evolution-of-distinct-helicobacter-pylori-subpopulations-in-the-americas
#6
Kaisa Thorell, Koji Yahara, Elvire Berthenet, Daniel J Lawson, Jane Mikhail, Ikuko Kato, Alfonso Mendez, Cosmeri Rizzato, María Mercedes Bravo, Rumiko Suzuki, Yoshio Yamaoka, Javier Torres, Samuel K Sheppard, Daniel Falush
For the last 500 years, the Americas have been a melting pot both for genetically diverse humans and for the pathogenic and commensal organisms associated with them. One such organism is the stomach-dwelling bacterium Helicobacter pylori, which is highly prevalent in Latin America where it is a major current public health challenge because of its strong association with gastric cancer. By analyzing the genome sequence of H. pylori isolated in North, Central and South America, we found evidence for admixture between H...
February 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231181/the-determinants-of-organic-vegetable-purchasing-in-jabodetabek-region-indonesia
#7
Alim Setiawan Slamet, Akira Nakayasu, Hu Bai
Over the last few years, the global market of organic vegetables has grown. This is due to increased consumer concern regarding environmental and health issues, especially for food products. This study aims to examine factors that influence consumer behavior in purchasing organic vegetables. In this study, data were obtained from household surveys conducted in the Jabodetabek region (Greater Jakarta) from February to March 2015. Descriptive analysis, factor analysis, and a binary logit model were used to analyze the data...
December 7, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231177/the-goal-of-adequate-nutrition-can-it-be-made-affordable-sustainable-and-universal
#8
REVIEW
Ian McFarlane
Until about 1900, large proportions of the world population endured hunger and poverty. The 20th century saw world population increase from 1.6 to 6.1 billion, accompanied and to some extent made possible by rapid improvements in health standards and food supply, with associated advances in agricultural and nutrition sciences. In this paper, I use the application of linear programming (LP) in preparation of rations for farm animals to illustrate a method of calculating the lowest cost of a human diet selected from locally available food items, constrained to provide recommended levels of food energy and nutrients; then, to find a realistic minimum cost, I apply the further constraint that the main sources of food energy in the costed diet are weighted in proportion to the actual reported consumption of food items in that area...
November 30, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231175/mushroom-polysaccharides-chemistry-and-antiobesity-antidiabetes-anticancer-and-antibiotic-properties-in-cells-rodents-and-humans
#9
REVIEW
Mendel Friedman
More than 2000 species of edible and/or medicinal mushrooms have been identified to date, many of which are widely consumed, stimulating much research on their health-promoting properties. These properties are associated with bioactive compounds produced by the mushrooms, including polysaccharides. Although β-glucans (homopolysaccharides) are believed to be the major bioactive polysaccharides of mushrooms, other types of mushroom polysaccharides (heteropolysaccharides) also possess biological properties. Here we survey the chemistry of such health-promoting polysaccharides and their reported antiobesity and antidiabetic properties as well as selected anticarcinogenic, antimicrobial, and antiviral effects that demonstrate their multiple health-promoting potential...
November 29, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231170/fermentation-assisted-extraction-of-isothiocyanates-from-brassica-vegetable-using-box-behnken-experimental-design
#10
Amit K Jaiswal, Nissreen Abu-Ghannam
Recent studies showed that Brassica vegetables are rich in numerous health-promoting compounds such as carotenoids, polyphenols, flavonoids, and glucosinolates (GLS), as well as isothiocyanates (ITCs) and are involved in health promotion upon consumption. ITCs are breakdown products of GLS, and typically used in the food industry as a food preservative and colouring agent. They are also used in the pharmaceutical industry due to their several pharmacological properties such as antibacterial, antifungal, antiprotozoal, anti-inflammatory, and chemoprotective effects, etc...
November 4, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231146/calcium-in-gluten-free-life-health-related-and-nutritional-implications
#11
REVIEW
Urszula Krupa-Kozak, Natalia Drabińska
Calcium deficiency and metabolic bone diseases are a frequent co-morbidity of coeliac disease (CD). Gluten-free diet (GFD) is the only effective treatment of CD. However, CD patients on the strict GFD consume less than the recommended amounts of calcium. In this review, the main etiological factors responsible for calcium deficiency in CD were presented. Additionally, the research on the application of calcium supplements in the gluten-free breadmaking was reviewed, and its effect on the technological and sensory properties of baked products was indicated...
July 15, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231134/motivations-for-food-consumption-during-specific-eating-occasions-in-turkey
#12
Delores Chambers, Uyen T X Phan, Sirichat Chanadang, Curtis Maughan, Karolina Sanchez, Brizio Di Donfrancesco, David Gomez, Federica Higa, Han Li, Edgar Chambers, Eyyup Esen
Several studies in different countries have been conducted to investigate factors affecting food choices. The objective of this study was to understand the motivations of specific food and beverage choices for different eating occasions in a typical diet of the Turkish people. A convenience sample of 141 respondents from seven different geographical regions in Turkey completed an online survey questionnaire that included questions about demographic information and details about their latest eating occasion...
May 24, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231033/evaluation-of-a-commercial-field-test-to-detect-african-swine-fever
#13
Stefano Cappai, Federica Loi, Annamaria Coccollone, Manuele Cocco, Caterina Falconi, Giovanna Dettori, Francesco Feliziani, Maria Luisa Sanna, Annalisa Oggiano, Sandro Rolesu
African swine fever (ASF) is one of the most important and complex infectious diseases affecting pigs ( Sus scrofa ). The disease has been present in Sardinia, Italy, since 1978. Factors influencing the presence of the disease on the island are the presence of illegally bred pigs, uncontrolled movements of animals, and local traditions. Implementation of public health programs is essential for controlling ASF. The use of new diagnostic techniques on both wild boar (WB) and illegally bred pigs would provide tools for faster and more inexpensive control of the disease...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231027/insomnia-sleep-quality-and-quality-of-life-in-mild-to-moderate-parkinson-s-disease
#14
Shirin Shafazand, Douglas M Wallace, Kristopher L Arheart, Silvia Vargas, Corneliu C Luca, Henry Moore, Heather Katzen, Bonnie Levin, Carlos Singer
RATIONALE: Sleep disorders are prevalent in Parkinson's disease and yet under reported in clinical settings. The contribution of sleep disorders to health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for patients with this degenerative neurological disease are not well known. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of insomnia symptoms, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and poor sleep quality on HRQOL in a cohort of patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease. METHODS: We enrolled a convenience sample of 66 adults seen in the University of Miami Movement Disorders Clinic between July 2011 and June 2013...
February 23, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230924/self-reported-health-enhancing-physical-activity-recommendation-adherence-among-64-380-finnish-adults
#15
Jason A Bennie, Zeljko Pedisic, Jaana H Suni, Kari Tokola, Pauliina Husu, Stuart J H Biddle, Tommi Vasankari
The Finnish recommendations for health-enhancing physical activity (PA) for adults (≥18 years) recommend: (i) ≥150 minutes of moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA); and (ii) activities that develop muscle strength and balance ≥2 days per week. However, adherence to these recommendations among the Finnish adults is currently unknown. This paper reports on the self-reported adherence to the PA recommendations and associations with sociodemographic factors among Finnish adults. Data were used from the Finnish 'Regional Health and Well-being Study'...
February 23, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230910/adhesives-for-bonded-molar-tubes-during-fixed-brace-treatment
#16
REVIEW
Declan T Millett, Nicky A Mandall, Rye Cr Mattick, Joy Hickman, Anne-Marie Glenny
BACKGROUND: Orthodontic treatment involves using fixed or removable appliances (dental braces) to correct the positions of teeth. The success of a fixed appliance depends partly on the metal attachments (brackets and bands) being glued to the teeth so that they do not become detached during treatment. Brackets (metal squares) are usually attached to teeth other than molars, where bands (metal rings that go round each tooth) are more commonly used. Orthodontic tubes (stainless steel tubes that allow wires to pass through them), are typically welded to bands but they may also be glued directly (bonded) to molars...
February 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230909/a-general-instrumental-variable-framework-for-regression-analysis-with-outcome-missing-not-at-random
#17
Eric J Tchetgen Tchetgen, Kathleen E Wirth
The instrumental variable (IV) design is a well-known approach for unbiased evaluation of causal effects in the presence of unobserved confounding. In this article, we study the IV approach to account for selection bias in regression analysis with outcome missing not at random. In such a setting, a valid IV is a variable which (i) predicts the nonresponse process, and (ii) is independent of the outcome in the underlying population. We show that under the additional assumption (iii) that the IV is independent of the magnitude of selection bias due to nonresponse, the population regression in view is nonparametrically identified...
February 23, 2017: Biometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230832/specific-interactions-between-lectins-and-red-blood-cells-of-chornobyl-cleanup-workers-as-indicator-of-some-late-radiation-effects
#18
I S Karpova
AIM: Growing interest in lectins is based on their diagnostic and pharmacological potential, especially the ability to inhibit proliferation and initiate apoptosis of cancer cells. In our research microplate lectinoassay able to detect carbohydrate containing structures (receptors) on erythrocyte surface have been proposed for Chornobyl cleanup workers (1986) monitoring. It was expected to reveal specific abnormalities associated with pathological condition arising as a result of late radiation effects...
December 2016: Experimental Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230830/several-aspects-of-descriptive-epidemiology-of-hematological-malignancies-in-adult-population-of-ukraine-belarus-and-russian-federation-after-chornobyl-accident
#19
N Guslitser, M P Zavelevich, S V Koval, D F Gluzman
Chornobyl impact on the health of adult population in Ukraine, Belarus and Russian Federation was a subject of several studies. However, the studies of the effects of Chornobyl on leukemia in adult populations in post-Soviet countries are scarce and the results are contradictory up to present. The results of the epidemiological studies of the oncohematological consequences of Chornobyl accident are briefly reviewed with particular focus on pre-Chornobyl and post-Chornobyl trends in leukemia incidence in Ukraine, Belarus and Russian Federation as well as in small territories of these countries with various levels of radionuclide contamination...
December 2016: Experimental Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230732/effects-of-acute-blueberry-flavonoids-on-mood-in-children-and-young-adults
#20
Sundus Khalid, Katie L Barfoot, Gabrielle May, Daniel J Lamport, Shirley A Reynolds, Claire M Williams
Epidemiological evidence suggests that consumption of flavonoids (usually via fruits and vegetables) is associated with decreased risk of developing depression. One plausible explanation for this association is the well-documented beneficial effects of flavonoids on executive function (EF). Impaired EF is linked to cognitive processes (e.g., rumination) that maintain depression and low mood; therefore, improved EF may reduce depressionogenic cognitive processes and improve mood. Study 1: 21 young adults (18-21 years old) consumed a flavonoid-rich blueberry drink and a matched placebo in a counterbalanced cross-over design...
February 20, 2017: Nutrients
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