keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Health and wellness

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346935/dysbiosis-in-the-neonatal-period-role-of-cesarean-section
#1
Josef Neu
From epidemiological studies and studies done evaluating microbiomes in infants, there is a strong signal that the infants born by elective cesarean section (C-section) develop microbiota that differs from those babies born by vaginal delivery. Epidemiological studies show increased odds ratios for the development of immunological disorders such as type 1 diabetes, celiac disease, asthma, allergic diseases as well as metabolic diseases such as obesity in babies born by C-section. These are interesting associations, and if supported by additional studies that rigorously control for confounding factors, they will have major public health implications...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346928/diet-and-gut-microbiota-in-health-and-disease
#2
Ting-Chin David Shen
Gut microbiota plays an important role in host health maintenance and disease pathogenesis. The development of a stable and diverse gut microbiota is essential to various host physiologic functions such as immunoregulation, pathogen prevention, energy harvest, and metabolism. At the same time, a dysbiotic gut microbiota associated with disease is altered in structure and function, and often characterized by a decrease in species richness and proliferation of pathogenic bacterial taxa. As a shared substrate between the host and the gut microbiota, diet significantly impacts the health and disease states of the host both directly and through gut microbial metabolite production...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346906/long-term-exposure-to-high-air-pollution-induces-cumulative-dna-damages-in-traffic-policemen
#3
Chaochao Tan, Shijie Lu, Yupeng Wang, Yan Zhu, Ting Shi, Mingyue Lin, Zhonghua Deng, Zhu Wang, Nana Song, Shuna Li, Pingting Yang, Liyan Yang, Yuanyuan Liu, Zhiheng Chen, Keqian Xu
The specific effects of long-term exposure to high air pollution on human health and biological remain unclear. To explore the adverse health effects as well as biological mechanisms and biomarkers for durative exposure to air pollution, 183 traffic policemen and 88 office policemen were enrolled in this study. The concentration of PM2.5 in both the traffic and office policemen's working environments were obtained. Detailed personal questionnaires were completed and levels of inflammation, oxidative stress and DNA damage markers of all participants were analyzed in this study...
March 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346827/effects-of-cerium-oxide-and-ferrocene-nanoparticles-addition-as-fuel-borne-catalysts-on-diesel-engine-particulate-emissions-environmental-and-health-implications
#4
Zhi-Hui Zhang, Rajasekhar Balasubramanian
This study systematically examined the potential impacts of doping CeO2 and Fe(C5H5)2 nanoparticles as fuel-borne catalysts (FBCs) to ultralow sulfur diesel (ULSD) fuel on the physical, chemical and toxicological characteristics of diesel particulate matter (DPM). The FBCs-doped fuels are effective in promoting soot oxidation and reducing the DPM mass emissions, but lead to a significant increase in the total particle counts due to the formation of self-nucleated metallic nanoparticles. Compared to undoped ULSD, the FBCs-doped fuels result in higher concentrations of particle-phase polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and n-alkanes, higher fractions of organic carbon (OC) and water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC) in particles, show slight alterations in soot nanostructure, reduce soot ignition temperature and activation energy...
March 27, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346643/evaluating-the-quality-and-readability-of-internet-information-sources-regarding-the-treatment-of-swallowing-disorders
#5
Ashley P O'Connell Ferster, Amanda Hu
The Internet has become a popular resource for patient education. The information it provides, however, is rarely peer-reviewed, and its quality may be a concern. Since the average American reads at an 8th grade level, the American Medical Association and the National Institutes of Health have recommended that health information be written at a 4th to 6th grade level. We performed a study to assess the quality and readability of online information regarding the treatment of swallowing disorders. A Google search for "swallowing treatment" was conducted...
March 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346623/family-medicine-maternity-care-call-to-action-moving-toward-national-standards-for-training-and-competency-assessment
#6
Susanna R Magee, W Suzanne Eidson-Ton, Larry Leeman, Michael Tuggy, Thomas O Kim, Melissa Nothnagle, Joseph Breuner, Mark Loafman
Maternity care is an integral part of family medicine, and the quality and cost-effectiveness of maternity care provided by family physicians is well documented. Considering the population health perspective, increasing the number of family physicians competent to provide maternity care is imperative, as is working to overcome the barriers discouraging maternity care practice. A standard that clearly defines maternity care competency and a systematic set of tools to assess competency levels could help overcome these barriers...
March 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346605/does-including-public-health-students-on-interprofessional-teams-increase-attainment-of-interprofessional-practice-competencies
#7
Pamela Ann Duffy, Julie A Ronnebaum, Teri A Stumbo, Kari Nies Smith, Rachel A Reimer
CONTEXT: Interprofessional education (IPE) creates dynamic experiential learning that can address social determinants of health that influence health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of including public health students on IPE teams on the interprofessional practice domain constructs (values/ethics, roles/responsibilities, interprofessional communication, and teams and teamwork). METHODS: This single-case, mixed-methods study was performed using a grounded theory approach...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346565/anticholinergic-burden-and-functional-status-in-older-people-with-cognitive-impairment-results-from-the-regal-project
#8
V Boccardi, M Baroni, L Paolacci, S Ercolani, A Longo, M Giordano, C Ruggiero, P Mecocci
OBJECTIVE: The use of drugs with intrinsic anticholinergic properties is widespread among old age persons. A growing body of evidences suggest that a high anticholinergic burden is associated with physical and cognitive impairment. However, the association between anticholinergic drug use and functional status is still poorly investigated, particularly among subjects with initial cognitive impairment. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study examining the association between drug-related anticholinergic burden and functional status in cognitively healthy (CH) (n=691), mild cognitive impairment (MCI) (n=541) or mild Alzheimer's diseases (AD) (n=1127) subjects...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346490/effect-of-hiv-and-malaria-parasites-co-infection-on-immune-hematological-profiles-among-patients-attending-anti-retroviral-treatment-art-clinic-in-infectious-disease-hospital-kano-nigeria
#9
Feyisayo Ebenezer Jegede, Tinuade Ibijoke Oyeyi, Surajudeen Abiola Abdulrahman, Henry Akwen Mbah, Titilope Badru, Chinedu Agbakwuru, Oluwasanmi Adedokun
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and malaria co-infection may present worse health outcomes in the tropics. Information on HIV/malaria co-infection effect on immune-hematological profiles is critical for patient care and there is a paucity of such data in Nigeria. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate immune-hematological profiles among HIV infected patients compared to HIV/malaria co-infected for ART management improvement. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study conducted at Infectious Disease Hospital, Kano...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346416/jacie-accreditation-for-blood-and-marrow-transplantation-past-present-and-future-directions-of-an-international-model-for-healthcare-quality-improvement
#10
J A Snowden, E McGrath, R F Duarte, R Saccardi, K Orchard, N Worel, J Kuball, C Chabannon, M Mohty
Blood and marrow transplantation (BMT) is a complex and evolving medical speciality that makes substantial demands on healthcare resources. To meet a professional responsibility to both patients and public health services, the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) initiated and developed the Joint Accreditation Committee of the International Society for Cellular Therapy and EBMT-better known by the acronym, JACIE. Since its inception, JACIE has performed over 530 voluntary accreditation inspections (62% first time; 38% reaccreditation) in 25 countries, representing 40% of transplant centres in Europe...
March 27, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346149/sleep-health-of-australian-adults-in-2016-results-of-the-2016-sleep-health-foundation-national-survey
#11
Robert J Adams, Sarah L Appleton, Anne W Taylor, Tiffany K Gill, Carol Lang, R Douglas McEvoy, Nick A Antic
OBJECTIVE: To measure the prevalence and social impacts of sleep problems in Australia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional national adult online survey. SETTING: Community-based sample. PARTICIPANTS: Australian adults ≥18 years, n=1011. RESULTS: Self-reported inadequate sleep, of either duration or quality, and its daytime consequences affect 33%-45% of adults. Diagnosed sleep apnea is reported by 8%, significant insomnia by 20%, and restless legs by18% of adults...
February 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346129/health-information-exchange-as-a-complex-and-adaptive-construct-scoping-review
#12
Ather Akhlaq, Aziz Sheikh, Claudia Pagliari
OBJECTIVE: To understand how the concept of Health Information Exchange (HIE) has evolved over time. METHODS:  Supplementary analysis of data from a systematic scoping review of definitions of HIE from 1900 to 2014, involving temporal analysis of underpinning themes. RESULTS: The search identified 268 unique definitions of HIE dating from 1957 onwards; 103 in scientific databases and 165 in Google. These contained consistent themes, representing the core concept of exchanging health information electronically, as well as fluid themes, reflecting the evolving policy, business, organisational and technological context of HIE (including the emergence of HIE as an organisational 'entity')...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346080/a-descriptive-quantitative-study-of-7-and-8-year-old-children-s-outdoor-recreation-cold-exposure-and-symptoms-in-winter-in-northern-finland
#13
Hanna Rasi, Heli Kuivila, Tarja Pölkki, Risto Bloigu, Hannu Rintamäki, Marjo Tourula
BACKGROUND: In Finland, children spend a lot of time outdoors in winter. Outdoor recreation in winter has a wide variety of effects on children's well-being. Although children are a subgroup that is vulnerable to cold exposure, remarkably little research has been done on the subject. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe children's outdoor recreation, cold exposure and symptoms in winter in Northern Finland. DESIGN: This was a descriptive quantitative study...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346028/prevalence-and-associated-factors-for-self-reported-asthma-in-a-canadian-population-the-canadian-community-health-survey-2014
#14
Luan M Chu, Punam Pahwa
BACKGROUND: Asthma prevalence is increasing among adults, yet limited information regarding the association between adult asthma and environmental and personal exposures is available using large nationally representative population-based survey. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of asthma and associated factors for self-reported asthma in a Canadian population aged 12 years and older by using the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) 2014 cross-sectional cohort...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345986/children-and-young-people-with-diabetes-recognition-and-management
#15
Hamish Hamilton, Grace Knudsen, Camelia Laura Vaina, Michelle Smith, Siba Prosad Paul
Diabetes mellitus (type 1) is an autoimmune condition leading to absolute insulin deficiency resulting in hyperglycaemia and its associated manifestations. It is the most common type of diabetes seen in children, characterised by the 4Ts (toilet, thinner, thirsty, tired). The signs and symptoms can sometimes be non-specific and a delay or missed diagnosis may be catastrophic to the health of the child. Children with an established diagnosis of diabetes often present to the health service with issues such as hypoglycaemia, hyperglycaemia, or diabetic ketoacidosis...
March 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345874/delivery-of-pesticides-to-plant-parasitic-nematodes-using-tobacco-mild-green-mosaic-virus-as-a-nanocarrier
#16
Paul L Chariou, Nicole F Steinmetz
Plant parasitic nematodes are a major burden to the global agricultural industry, causing a $157 billion loss each year in crop production worldwide. Effective treatment requires large doses of nematicides to be applied, putting the environment and human health at risk. Challenges are to treat nematodes that are located deep within the soil, feeding on the roots of plants. To attack the problem at its roots, we propose the use of tobacco mild green mosaic virus (TMGMV), an EPA-approved herbicide as a carrier to deliver nematicides...
March 27, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345836/assessing-the-effect-of-waterpipe-smoking-on-cancer-outcome-a-systematic-review-of-current-evidence
#17
Kamran Habib Awan, Kamran Siddiqi, Shankargouda Patil, Quratul Ann Hussain
Background: Waterpipe smoking (WPS) is widely believed to be a safe and hazard-free tobacco habit. However, a number of studies have indicated that exposure to several toxicants and carcinogens through WPS is strongly related to serious health hazards. The current paper presents a narrative review on the effects of WPS on cancer outcome. Methods: The addressed focused question was “Is there an association between waterpipe smoking and cancer outcome?” PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, ISI Web of Science and the Cochrane databases were searched until June 2015 using the key words “Waterpipe”, “Hookah”, “Narghileh”, “Shisha”, “Hubbly Bubbly” “cancer” in various combinations...
February 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345684/-analysis-of-changes-in-radiographic-lung-image-and-lung-ventilation-disorders-in-workers-occupationally-exposed-to-chrysotile-in-the-past
#18
Elżbieta Cwynar, Beata Świątkowska, Jarosław Tomczyk
BACKGROUND: The adverse health effects of occupational exposure to asbestos dust may occur several years after first exposure. The objective of the study was to assess the relationship between lesions in the respiratory system and the factors contributing to occupational exposure to asbestos described in the first medical examination as well as to analyze the factors responsible for the progression of these changes in further medical tests. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group comprised 591 former workers of asbestos processing plant "Gambit" in Lubawka...
March 24, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345683/-workplace-health-promotion-in-poland-in-2015-diagnosis-based-on-a-representative-survey-of-companies-employing-more-than-50-employees
#19
Krzysztof Puchalski, Elżbieta Korzeniowska
BACKGROUND: The workplace health promotion (WHP) activity of enterprises in Poland was examined. The findings referred to how many companies implemented non-obligatory actions for health and what actions were taken, what were the reasons and obstacles in the implementation, whether companies evaluated their activity, how they motivated staff to WHP, and whether the size and economic standing differentiated their activity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Representative survey, consisted of computer assisted telephone interviews with delegates of the boards of 1000 companies employing > 50 employees, held in November-December 2015...
March 24, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345590/associations-of-parental-age-with-health-and-social-factors-in-adult-offspring-methodological-pitfalls-and-possibilities
#20
David Carslake, Per Tynelius, Gerard van den Berg, George Davey Smith, Finn Rasmussen
Parental age is increasing rapidly in many countries. Analysis of this potentially important influence on offspring well-being is hampered by strong secular trends and socioeconomic patterning and by a shortage of follow-up data for adult offspring. We used Swedish national data on up to 3,653,938 offspring to consider the associations of parental age with a suite of outcomes in adult offspring, comparing the results from an array of statistical methods for optimal causal inference. The offspring of older mothers had higher BMI, blood pressure, height, intelligence, non-cognitive ability and socioeconomic position...
March 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
10217
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"