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Soccer endurance

Atsushi Imai, Koji Kaneoka
BACKGROUND: Although it is believed that trunk function is important for athletic performance, few researchers have demonstrated a significant relationship between the trunk function and athletic performance. Recently, the prone plank and side plank tests have been used to assess trunk function. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between trunk endurance plank tests and athletic performance tests, including whether there is a relationship between long distance running and trunk endurance plank tests in adolescent male soccer players...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Pamela J Magee, Alison M Gallagher, Jacqueline M McCormack
Although dehydration of ≥2% body weight (BW) loss significantly impairs endurance performance, dehydration remains prevalent among athletes and may be owing to a lack of knowledge in relation to fluid requirements. The aim of this study was to assess the hydration status of university/club level athletes (n=430) from a range of sports/activities (army officer cadet training; bootcamp training; cycling; Gaelic Athletic Association camogie, football and hurling; golf; hockey; netball; rugby; running (sprinting and endurance); Shotokan karate and soccer) immediately before and after training/competition and to assess their nutritional knowledge...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Christian Haser, Thomas Stöggl, Monika Kriner, Jörg Mikoleit, Bernd Wolfahrt, Johannes Scherr, Martin Halle, Florian Pfab
PURPOSE: Increase in muscle force, endurance and flexibility is desired in elite athletes in order to improve performance and avoid injuries but often hindered by occurence of myofascial trigger points. Dry needling (DN) has been shown effective in eliminating myofascial trigger points. METHODS: This randomized controlled study in 30 elite youth soccer players of a professional soccer Bundesliga Club investigated the effects of four weekly sessions of DN plus water-pressure-massage on thigh muscle force and range-of-motion of hip flexion...
September 28, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Michel S Brink, Anna W Kersten, Wouter G P Frencken
: A mismatch between the intended training exertion by the coach and the perceived exertion by players is well established in sports. However, it is unknown if coaches are able to accurately observe exertion of individual players during training. Furthermore, the discrepancy in coaches' and players' perceptions has not been explained. PURPOSE: We aim to 1) determine the relation between intended and observed training exertion by the coach and perceived training exertion by the player and 2) establish if on-field training characteristics, intermittent endurance capacity and maturity status explain the mismatch...
September 6, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
A M Zagatto, M Papoti, Asr Da Silva, R A Barbieri, E Z Campos, E C Ferreira, J P Loures, K Chamari
The assessment of aerobic endurance is important for training prescription in soccer, and is usually measured by straight running without the ball on a track or treadmill. Due to the ball control and technical demands during a specific soccer test, the running speeds are likely to be lower compared to a continuous incremental test. The aim of the present study was to compare the heart rate (HR), rating of perceived exertion (RPE) and speeds corresponding to 2.0 mmol∙L(-1), 3.5 mmol∙L(-1), lactate threshold (Dmax method) and peak lactate determined in the laboratory and in the Hoff circuit soccer-specific test...
September 2016: Biology of Sport
Clement Opoku-Okrah, Daniel Kwasi Sam, Bernard Nkum, Elliot Eli Dogbe, Lilian Antwi-Boateng, Benedict Sackey, Daniel Gyamfi, Kwabena Owusu Danquah
INTRODUCTION: Sports anaemia is a physiological activity that occurs amongst footballers and may be due to poor diet, over-training, as well as an increase in plasma volume in endurance training activities. High plasma volume leads to changes in haematological parameters that may impact on endurance of footballers. The objective of the study was to determine the correlation between haematological and an-thropometric indices and their role in sports anaemia in a tropical setting. METHODS: Venous blood was taken into EDTA for 12 soccer players of KNUST soccer team before training and after training for the first (W1) and fifth (W5) weeks of training sessions...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Shinya Abe, Nathaniel Narra, Riku Nikander, Jari Hyttinen, Reijo Kouhia, Harri Sievänen
Over 90% of hip fractures are caused by falls. Due to a fall-induced impact on the greater trochanter, the posterior part of the thin superolateral cortex of the femoral neck is known to experience the highest stress, making it a fracture-prone region. Cortical geometry of the proximal femur, in turn, reflects a mechanically appropriate form with respect to habitual exercise loading. In this finite element (FE) modeling study, we investigated whether specific exercise loading history is associated with femoral neck structural strength and estimated fall-induced stresses along the femoral neck...
November 2016: Bone
Ying-Chun Wang, Na Zhang
Plyometric training (PT) is a technique used to increase strength and explosiveness. It consists of physical exercises in which muscles exert maximum force at short intervals to increase dynamic performances. In such a training, muscles undergo a rapid elongation followed by an immediate shortening (stretch-shortening contraction), utilizing the elastic energy stored during the stretching phase. There is consensus on the fact that when used, PT contributes to improvement in vertical jump performance, acceleration, leg strength, muscular power, increase of joint awareness and overall sport-specific skills...
August 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Daniel Castillo, Asier Los Arcos, Raùl Martinez-Santos
BACKGROUND: Physical characteristics have been widely analysed in order to understand why some soccer players are more successful than others. Therefore, the aims of this study were: a) to describe the evolution of aerobic endurance performance across 18 years in a Spanish elite soccer academy, b) to know if the playing position could affect physical testing performance, and c) to look into the alleged impact of this factor on the professional career of soccer players. METHODS: We considered 162 players belonging to the reserve team of an elite Spanish soccer club from 1994 to 2012...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Ruben Goebel, Zouhair Farhani, Wassim Moalla, Nabil Gmada, Ezedine Bouhlel, Monoem Haddad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Kewwan Kim, Kyoungkyu Jeon
[Purpose] The aim of the present study was to construct an integrated rehabilitation exercise program to prevent chronic pain and improve motor ability in cases of ankle injury and re-injury. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-six male soccer players who required functional strength exercises due to repeated ankle injury were the subjects. A 12-week rehabilitation exercise program was constructed with the aim of improving muscle strength in the ankle and dynamic coordination of the lower limb. Muscle strength and dynamic coordination were evaluated using the Y Balance Test, and isokinetic muscle strength of ankle dorsiflexion, plantarflexion, inversion, and eversion were measured before and after the 12-week program...
May 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Guillaume Ravé, Jacques-Olivier Fortrat
PURPOSE: To show that heart rate variability (HRV) in the standing position better reflects the way in which athletes adapt to training in so-called intermittent sports than the indicator of resting parasympathetic tone usually employed in endurance sports. METHODS: Twenty professional soccer players (intermittent sport) took part in a 5-week training session divided into three successive periods: "Warm-up", "Intensive training" and "Tapering". At the beginning and end of each of the three periods, a stand test was carried out and the heart rate was recorded, beat by beat (Polar Team 2)...
August 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
N Jones, J Kiely, B Suraci, D J Collins, D de Lorenzo, C Pickering, K A Grimaldi
Association studies have identified dozens of genetic variants linked to training responses and sport-related traits. However, no intervention studies utilizing the idea of personalised training based on athlete's genetic profile have been conducted. Here we propose an algorithm that allows achieving greater results in response to high- or low-intensity resistance training programs by predicting athlete's potential for the development of power and endurance qualities with the panel of 15 performance-associated gene polymorphisms...
June 2016: Biology of Sport
En-peng He, Yan-hong Li, Jian-dong Qian, Hua-wei Yan
OBJECTIVE: Discusses the distributive characters of the Creatine Kinase MM (CKMM) gene A/G Polymorphism in XinjiangUyghur, One hundred and fourtheen athletes and 441 general population of Uyghur were involved in the study. METHODS: Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism was used. RESULTS: (1) The CKMM gene A/G frequency in Uyghur general population was(AA, AG and GG) 0.497, 0.392 and 0.111, the result test by Hardy-Weinberg (H-W) equilibrium and x² = 2...
January 2016: Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology
Kazuto Omiya, Tomomi Suzuki, Norio Suzuki, Takanobu Mitarai, Manabu Takai, Emi Nakano, Hisao Matsuda, Haruki Musha
BACKGROUND: The question as to whether or not electrocardiogram (ECG) evaluations should be performed in all athletes is still controversial. So, in this study, the prevalence of electrocardiographic abnormalities was evaluated in young, elite Japanese athletes. METHODS: Subjects included 174 male and 101 female Japanese athletes (mean age, 21.5 years). Sports activities included baseball, basketball, diving, fencing, gymnastics, judo, rhythmic gymnastics, soccer, swimming, tennis, track and field, volleyball, and water polo...
May 27, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Marco Jacopetti, Andrea Pasquini, Cosimo Costantino
BackgroundThe anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture accounting for about 50% of all knee ligament injuries. The rehabilitation program requires a long time to rebuild muscle strength and to reestablish joint mobility and neuromuscular control. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the muscle strength recovery in athletes with ACL reconstruction. MethodsWe enrolled soccer atlethes, with isolated anterior cruciate ligament rupture treated with bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft artroscopic reconstruction...
2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Zehra Guchan, Kezban Bayramlar, Nevin Ergun
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper is to determine the effects of playing soccer on various components of physical performance such as body composition, muscular endurance, anaerobic power, flexibility, balance, and speed of individuals with transtibial amputation. METHODS: Twelve amputee football players aged 26.67±7.76 years and twelve sedentary individuals aged 33±6.7 years were involved in the study. Body composition, isotonic and isometric endurance of trunk muscles were assessed...
April 7, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
M Gouvea, E S Cyrino, A S Ribeiro, D R P da Silva, D Ohara, J Valente-Dos-Santos, M J Coelho-E-Silva, E Ronque
This study compared variation in size, function and sport-specific technical skills of youth soccer players associated with differences in biological maturity status. 60 male soccer players of under-14 (U14) and under-17 (U17) categories were submitted to anthropometric and body composition measurements as well as motor and soccer-specific technical skill tests. Skeletal maturity was determined by skeletal age. Athletes of both categories were classified as early, on-time or late-maturing, according to the difference between chronological age and skeletal age...
June 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Tarik Ozmen, Gokce Y Gunes, Ilyas Ucar, Hanife Dogan, Tuba U Gafuroglu
BACKGROUND: Few studies investigated the effects of the respiratory muscle training (RMT) in soccer although exhaustive high intensity exercise is known to lead to muscle fatigue in respiratory muscles. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of RMT on pulmonary function and aerobic endurance in soccer players. METHODS: Eighteen male soccer players (mean age: 22.2 ± 1.4 years) participated in this study. Participants were assigned randomly to either an RMT or a control (CON) group...
February 12, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Chang Hwa Joo
The aim of the present study was to determine whether 1 week of training cessation can affect exercise performance in well-trained soccer players. Upon the completion of a competitive season, 11 male soccer players went through 1-week training cessation. Performances in the 5-m (1.05±0.04 sec vs 1.02±0.03 sec, P=0.03) and 10-m (1.79±0.06 sec vs 1.74±0.06 sec, P=0.03) sprints were significantly increased after 1 week of detraining with a trend for an increase in the 20-m sprint performance (3.07±0.06 sec vs 3...
February 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
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