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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925119/-research-on-participation-in-working-life-on-the-transfer-from-theory-into-practice
#1
Susanne Bartel, Heike Ohlbrecht
OBJECTIVE: This study focuses on the theory-practice transfer in the field of research on participation in working life (LTA). The aim was to determine what expectations are prevalent on the part of service providers, how they access scientific knowledge, how the transfer into practice takes place and what research gaps exist. At the same time, representatives of the German Statutory Pension Insurance were asked about internal structures for identifying research topics and evaluating research results as well as for knowledge transfer...
June 2018: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925115/-return-to-work-and-stay-at-work-the-question-of-successful-operational-integration-management
#2
Heike Ohlbrecht, Carsten Detka, Susanne Kuczyk, Bianca Lange
OBJECTIVE: The study focuses on the question of how the design of operational integration management (OIM) can be optimized, especially in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), and how previous experience with operational integration management can be used to develop preventive measures to ensure employability. METHODS: The study follows a multi-perspective qualitative research design. It focused on the survey of 40 retrospective interviews with employees who have undergone different variants of the OIM...
June 2018: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925101/the-difference-between-white-and-red-ginseng-variations-in-ginsenosides-and-immunomodulation
#3
Min He, Xin Huang, Shuying Liu, Chunsheng Guo, Yufei Xie, Annemarie H Meijer, Mei Wang
Ginseng Radix ( Panax ginseng ) is one of the most commonly used herbs worldwide for the treatment of inflammation-related diseases among others, supported by ancient historical records. Throughout this long history, the large-scale cultivation of ginseng created an increasing demand for long-term storage of the harvested plant material, accelerating the development of post-harvesting procedures. Dried white ginseng and processed (steamed) red ginseng are the products of the two most common traditional post-harvest processes...
June 20, 2018: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925085/the-conduct-of-australian-indigenous-primary-health-care-research-focusing-on-social-and-emotional-wellbeing-a-systematic-review
#4
Sara Farnbach, Anne-Maree Eades, Josephine D Gwynn, Nick Glozier, Maree L Hackett
Objectives and importance of study: Values and ethics: guidelines for ethical conduct in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health research (Values and ethics) describes key values that should underpin Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous)-focused health research. It is unclear how research teams address this document in primary health care research. We systematically review the primary health care literature focusing on Indigenous social and emotional wellbeing (SEWB) to identify how Values and ethics and community preferences for standards of behaviour (local protocols) are addressed during research...
June 14, 2018: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925031/influence-of-pulsed-electric-fields-and-mitochondria-cytoskeleton-interactions-on-cell-respiration
#5
Ishan Goswami, Justin B Perry, Mitchell E Allen, David A Brown, Michael R von Spakovsky, Scott S Verbridge
Pulsed electric fields with microsecond pulse width (μsPEFs) are used clinically; namely, irreversible electroporation/Nanoknife is used for soft tissue tumor ablation. The μsPEF pulse parameters used in irreversible electroporation (0.5-1 kV/cm, 80-100 pulses, ∼100 μs each, 1 Hz frequency) may cause an internal field to develop within the cell because of the disruption of the outer cell membrane and subsequent penetration of the electric field. An internal field may disrupt voltage-sensitive mitochondria, although the research literature has been relatively unclear regarding whether such disruptions occur with μsPEFs...
June 19, 2018: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924917/experiences-of-postpartum-women-after-mindfulness-childbirth-classes-a-qualitative-study
#6
Ira Kantrowitz-Gordon, Shannon Abbott, Rachel Hoehn
INTRODUCTION: The postpartum period can be a challenging experience for many women as they adjust to the physical and social changes after childbirth. Mindfulness-based interventions have been developed for stress reduction in a variety of health contexts, including pregnancy. These interventions provide strategies that may help new mothers handle the physical, emotional, and relationship challenges of the postpartum period and increase acceptance of postpartum physical changes and body image...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924904/neuroinformatics-and-computational-modelling-as-complementary-tools-for-neurotoxicology-studies
#7
Marja-Leena Linne
Neuroinformatics is an area of science that aims to integrate neuroscience data and develop modern computational tools to increase our understanding of the functions of the nervous system in health and disease. Neuroinformatics tools include, among others, databases for storing and sharing data, repositories for managing documents and source code, and software tools for analysing, modelling and simulating signals and images. This MiniReview aims to present the state-of-the-art in neuroinformatics and computational in silico modelling of neurobiological processes and neuroscientific phenomena as well as to discuss the use of in silico models in neurotoxicology research...
June 20, 2018: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924886/integrative-interdisciplinary-approaches-to-critical-infrastructure-interdependency-analysis
#8
Diana Mitsova
There is a growing understanding that cross-sector risks faced by critical infrastructure assets in natural disasters require a collaborative foresight from multiple disciplines. However, current contributions to infrastructure interdependency analysis remain centered in discipline-specific methodologies often constrained by underlying theories and assumptions. This perspective article contributes to ongoing discussions about the uses, challenges, and opportunities provided by interdisciplinary research in critical infrastructure interdependency analysis...
June 20, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924860/crispr-cas-based-customization-of-pooled-crispr-libraries
#9
Jiyeon Kweon, Da-Eun Kim, An-Hee Jang, Yongsub Kim
Pooled CRISPR libraries are widely used in high-throughput screening to study various biological processes. Various pooled CRISPR libraries have been shared for CRISPR screens and useful tools have been developed to construct researcher's own libraries, however, many researchers are struggling to create their own pooled CRISPR libraries: it is a time-consuming, labor-intensive, and expensive process. In this study, we develop a simple method to customize conventional pooled CRISPR libraries using the CRISPR/Cas9 system...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924823/feasibility-of-a-home-based-computerized-cognitive-training-for-pediatric-patients-with-congenital-or-acquired-brain-damage-an-explorative-study
#10
Claudia Corti, Geraldina Poggi, Romina Romaniello, Sandra Strazzer, Cosimo Urgesi, Renato Borgatti, Alessandra Bardoni
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric brain damage is associated with various cognitive deficits. Cognitive rehabilitation may prevent and reduce cognitive impairment. In recent years, home-based computerized cognitive training (CCT) has been introduced in clinical practice to increase treatment opportunities for patients (telerehabilitation). However, limited research has been conducted thus far on investigating the effects of remote CCT for the juvenile population in contexts other than English-speaking countries...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924809/the-added-value-of-implicit-motives-for-management-research-development-and-first-validation-of-a-brief-implicit-association-test-biat-for-the-measurement-of-implicit-motives
#11
Hendrik Slabbinck, Arjen van Witteloostuijn, Julie Hermans, Johanna Vanderstraeten, Marcus Dejardin, Jacqueline Brassey, Dendi Ramdani
Many Management (sub-)disciplines, from Organizational Behavior and Marketing to Accounting and Strategy, are interested in antecedents and consequences of individual attitudes and traits. A key aspect of personality profiles are explicit and implicit motives. Yet, Management scholars mainly focus on explicit motives, with limited attention to implicit motives. We argue that this state of affairs probably came into being because current Management researchers mainly rely on implicit motive measures that are either difficult to apply or to develop, hampering researchers from applying implicit motive measures...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924807/spanish-youth-is-emigrating-a-bibliometric-approach-to-the-media-coverage
#12
Clara Selva, Aniol Recordà
Recent years have witnessed the emigration of young Spanish people searching for labor opportunities. A decade after the beginning of the worldwide economic crisis in 2007, the rapid deterioration of living conditions and lack of opportunities for personal development combined with the breakdown of professional expectations have led thousands of young people to emigrate from Spain, creating the so-called youth exodus. The press has paid recurrent attention to this phenomenon, often using eye-catching headlines such as 'Brain Drain'...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924763/dental-status-salivary-flow-and-sociodemographic-aspects-in-sheehan-syndrome-patients
#13
D-D-S Cavalcante, A-R Pinto-Quidute, M-R Alves-Martins, A-S Walter-de-Aguiar, A-M-P Lima-Cid, P-G-B Silva, R-F Cavalcante, F-W-G Costa
BACKGROUND: Sheehan's syndrome (SS) is one of the leading causes of hypopituitarism in developing countries. It occurs after postpartum necrosis of the pituitary gland, and it is considered a significant public health problem. This paper, apparently unpublished, aimed to perform an analysis on oral aspects in patients with SS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 23 women diagnosed with SS at the Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes (Walter Cantídio University Hospital, Fortaleza, Brazil)...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924758/non-syndromic-craniosynostosis-in-children-scoping-review
#14
A Garrocho-Rangel, L Manríquez-Olmos, J Flores-Velázquez, M-A Rosales-Berber, R Martínez-Rider, A Pozos-Guillén
BACKGROUND: Craniosynostosis (CS) is a complex condition consisting of the early fusion of one or more cranial sutures in the intrauterine stage. The affected infant exhibits abnormal head shape at time of birth or shortly thereafter. It can be observed in normal individuals (non-syndromic CS or NSCS) or as a part of a multisystem syndrome. The purposes of the present article were to carry out a scoping review on Non-Syndromic CS and to discuss the most important findings retrieved. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The steps of this scoping review were as follows: first, to pose a research question; second, to identify relevant studies to answer the research question; third, to select and retrieve the studies; fourth, to chart the critical data, and finally, to collate, summarize, and report the results from the most important articles...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924741/a-hybridization-chain-reaction-amplification-strategy-for-fluorescence-imaging-of-human-telomerase-activity-in-living-cells
#15
Zhiqian Zhang, Changli Zhong, Taixian Yuan, Xiaoyan Zhou, Min Zhao, Husun Qian, Wei Cheng, Tingmei Chen
A hybridized chain reaction (HCR)-based biosensing method has been developed for the imaging detection of intracellular telomerase activity. The telomerase-targeting responder-transmitter DNA complex (HPT) consisting of telomerase primer sequence (HP) and a HCR initiator (trigger) is transfected into cell plasma. In the presence of telomerase, HPT can be recognized and extended, producing plenty of triggers which initiates HCR amplification reaction. Finally, a long nicked dsDNA with a lot of outstretched single chains was formed by hybridizing with Q of the reporter complex, generating an enhanced fluorescence signal...
June 20, 2018: Methods and Applications in Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924722/interaction-of-volatile-organic-compounds-and-underlying-liver-disease-a-new-paradigm-for-risk
#16
Anna L Lang, Juliane I Beier
Occupational and environmental exposures to industrial chemicals are known to cause hepatotoxicity and liver injury, in humans and in animal models. Historically, research has focused on severe acute liver injury (e.g., fulminant liver failure) or endstage diseases (e.g., cirrhosis and HCC). However, it has become recently recognized that toxicants can cause more subtle changes to the liver. For example, toxicant-associated steatohepatitis (TASH), characterized by hepatic steatosis, and inflammation, was recently recognized in an occupational cohort exposed to vinyl chloride...
June 1, 2018: Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924681/identifying-and-understanding-the-gaps-in-care-experienced-by-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-patients-at-the-university-of-iowa-hospitals-and-clinics
#17
Erin M Mobley, Kristin J Foster, William W Terry
PURPOSE: In an effort to counteract the differences in improvement in survival rates of adolescents and young adults (AYA), compared to other age groups with cancer, the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics established an AYA cancer program. This study was conducted to gather feedback from AYAs in an effort to generate actionable data for program development. METHODS: The target population included patients aged 13-31 treated for malignancy in one of the following disease sites: central nervous system, leukemia, lymphoma, neuroendocrine, sarcoma, and thyroid...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924584/laser-induced-graphene
#18
Ruquan Ye, Dustin K James, James M Tour
Research on graphene abounds, from fundamental science to device applications. In pursuit of complementary morphologies, formation of graphene foams is often preferred over the native two-dimensional (2D) forms due to the higher available area. Graphene foams have been successfully prepared by several routes including chemical vapor deposition (CVD) methods and by wet-chemical approaches. For these methods, one often needs either high temperature furnaces and highly pure gases or large amounts of strong acids and oxidants...
June 20, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924506/clinical-predictors-of-extrapyramidal-symptoms-associated-with-aripiprazole-augmentation-for-the-treatment-of-late-life-depression-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Jonathan H Hsu, Benoit H Mulsant, Eric J Lenze, Marcos Sanches, Jordan F Karp, Charles F Reynolds, Daniel M Blumberger
OBJECTIVE: Augmentation with aripiprazole is an effective pharmacotherapy for treatment-resistant late-life depression (LLD). However, aripiprazole can cause extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS) such as akathisia and parkinsonism; these symptoms are distressing and can contribute to treatment discontinuation. We investigated the clinical trajectories and predictors of akathisia and parkinsonism in older patients receiving aripiprazole augmentation for treatment-resistant LLD. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2013, depressed older adults who did not remit with venlafaxine were randomized to aripiprazole or placebo in a 12-week trial...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924419/induction-of-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-under-endotoxin-tolerance-increases-inflammatory-responses-and-decreases-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-pneumonia
#20
Sena Kim, Yeonsoo Joe, Se-Ung Park, Sun Oh Jeong, Jin-Kyung Kim, Seong Hoon Park, Hyun-Ock Pae, Young-Joon Surh, Jaekyoon Shin, Hun Taeg Chung
Endotoxin tolerance develops in the late phase of sepsis to protect cells from an early hyperinflammatory response. Nonetheless, because it induces an immunosuppressive environment, patients with sepsis in its late phase are affected by secondary infections, particularly bacterial pneumonia. Here, we showed that induction of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress leads to activation of glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK-3β) and X-box-binding protein 1 (XBP-1) in an inositol-requiring enzyme 1α (IRE1α)-mediated manner, which in turn restores the inflammatory response in endotoxin-tolerant macrophages...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
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