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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154999/the-spiritual-and-theological-challenges-of-stillbirth-for-bereaved-parents
#1
Daniel Nuzum, Sarah Meaney, Keelin O'Donoghue
Stillbirth is recognized as one of the most challenging experiences of bereavement raising significant spiritual and theological questions. Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with bereaved parents cared for in a tertiary maternity hospital to explore the spiritual impact of stillbirth. Data were analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Stillbirth was identified as an immensely challenging spiritual and personal experience with enduring impact for parents. The superordinate themes to emerge were searching for meaning, maintaining hope and questioning core beliefs...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122413/the-heart-is-a-representation-of-life-an-exploration-of-illness-beliefs-in-couples-living-with-atrial-fibrillation
#2
Tomas Dalteg, Jonas Sandberg, Dan Malm, Anna Sandgren, Eva Benzein
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore illness beliefs in couples where one spouse has atrial fibrillation. BACKGROUND: Beliefs are the lenses through which we view the world, guiding our behaviour and constructing our lives. Couples evolve an ecology of beliefs from their interaction whereby their actions and choices arise from their beliefs. Atrial fibrillation is a common cardiac arrhythmia that has implications for both patients and partners. A couple's illness beliefs play an important role in convalescence and illness management, and no previous studies have explored illness beliefs in couples living with AF DESIGN: A qualitative hermeneutic design...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116006/development-of-an-assessment-for-entrustable-professional-activity-epa-10-emergent-patient-management
#3
Laura R Thompson, Cynthia G Leung, Brad Green, Jonathan Lipps, Troy Schaffernocker, Cynthia Ledford, John Davis, David P Way, Nicholas E Kman
INTRODUCTION: Medical schools in the United States are encouraged to prepare and certify the entrustment of medical students to perform 13 core entrustable professional activities (EPAs) prior to graduation. Entrustment is defined as the informed belief that the learner is qualified to autonomously perform specific patient-care activities. Core EPA-10 is the entrustment of a graduate to care for the emergent patient. The purpose of this project was to design a realistic performance assessment method for evaluating fourth-year medical students on EPA-10...
January 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114774/relational-wellbeing-following-traumatic-interpersonal-events-and-challenges-to-core-beliefs
#4
Julia S Kaufman, Lucy J Allbaugh, Margaret O'Dougherty Wright
OBJECTIVE: Prior research has found that the degree to which a traumatic event challenges core beliefs is associated with adjustment problems; however, how such experiences impact relational wellbeing has received little attention. The current study examined whether negative posttraumatic cognitions mediated the relation between examination of core beliefs and relational wellbeing in young adults following experiences of interpersonal trauma. METHOD: A moderated parallel mediation model investigated the relation between core beliefs and relational wellbeing through negative cognitions about the self, the world and others, self-blame, and depressive symptoms, following interpersonal violence (IPV; n = 168) and violent loss (VL; n = 102), with ego-resilience moderating the paths from examination of core beliefs to each mediator and relational wellbeing...
January 23, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114357/young-adults-belief-in-genetic-determinism-and-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-modern-genetics-and-genomics-the-puggs-questionnaire
#5
Rebecca Bruu Carver, Jérémy Castéra, Niklas Gericke, Neima Alice Menezes Evangelista, Charbel N El-Hani
In this paper we present the development and validation a comprehensive questionnaire to assess college students' knowledge about modern genetics and genomics, their belief in genetic determinism, and their attitudes towards applications of modern genetics and genomic-based technologies. Written in everyday language with minimal jargon, the Public Understanding and Attitudes towards Genetics and Genomics (PUGGS) questionnaire is intended for use in research on science education and public understanding of science, as a means to investigate relationships between knowledge, determinism and attitudes about modern genetics, which are to date little understood...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112075/heterogeneity-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-empirically-defined-subgroups-from-the-pace-trial
#6
T E Williams, T Chalder, M Sharpe, P D White
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome is likely to be a heterogeneous condition. Previous studies have empirically defined subgroups using combinations of clinical and biological variables. We aimed to explore the heterogeneity of chronic fatigue syndrome. METHOD: We used baseline data from the PACE trial, which included 640 participants with chronic fatigue syndrome. Variable reduction, using a combination of clinical knowledge and principal component analyses, produced a final dataset of 26 variables for 541 patients...
January 23, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099764/the-posttraumatic-growth-inventory-a-revision-integrating-existential-and-spiritual-change
#7
Richard G Tedeschi, Arnie Cann, Kanako Taku, Emre Senol-Durak, Lawrence G Calhoun
Spiritual Change (SC) is one of 5 domains of posttraumatic growth (PTG). The current Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI) assesses this area of growth with only 2 items, one focusing on religiosity and the other focusing on spiritual understanding. The addition of 4 newly developed spiritual-existential change (SEC) items, creating an expanded PTGI (Posttraumatic Growth Inventory-X), reflects a diversity of perspectives on spiritual-existential experiences that are represented in different cultures. Samples were obtained from 3 countries: the United States (n = 250), Turkey (n = 502), and Japan (n = 314)...
February 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077219/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-depression-using-mind-over-mood-cbt-skill-use-and-differential-symptom-alleviation
#8
Lance L Hawley, Christine A Padesky, Steven D Hollon, Enza Mancuso, Judith M Laposa, Karen Brozina, Zindel V Segal
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for depression is highly effective. An essential element of this therapy involves acquiring and utilizing CBT skills; however, it is unclear whether the type of CBT skill used is associated with differential symptom alleviation. Outpatients (N = 356) diagnosed with a primary mood disorder received 14 two-hour group sessions of CBT for depression, using the Mind Over Mood protocol. In each session, patients completed the Beck Depression Inventory and throughout the week they reported on their use of CBT skills: behavioral activation (BA), cognitive restructuring (CR), and core belief (CB) strategies...
January 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068503/talking-about-god-with-trauma-survivors
#9
Colin A Ross
Severe, chronic childhood trauma commonly results in a set of negative core self-beliefs. These include blaming the self for the abuse, feeling unworthy and unlovable, believing the world would be better off if one committed suicide, and believing that one does not deserve peace or happiness. Linked to these cognitive errors are beliefs that one is not worthy of God's love, that God wanted the person to be abused, and that the person can avoid God's judgment if she does not go to church. Strategies for dealing with these cognitive errors about God are presented within the context of a secular psychotherapy...
December 31, 2016: American Journal of Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068114/he-never-willed-to-have-the-will-he-has-historicist-narratives-civilized-blame-and-the-need-to-distinguish-two-notions-of-free-will
#10
Michael J Gill, Stephanie C Cerce
Harsh blame can be socially destructive. This article examines how harsh blame can be "civilized." A core construct here is the historicist narrative, which is a story-like account of how a person came to be the sort of person she is. We argue that historicist narratives regarding immoral actors can temper blame and that this happens via a novel mechanism. To illuminate that mechanism, we offer a novel theoretical perspective on lay beliefs about free will. We distinguish 2 senses of free will: (a) Freedom of action, which portrays the will as a dynamic choice-making mechanism and concerns whether the actor can exert volitional control via that mechanism at the time of action, and (b) Control of self-formation, which portrays the will as an enduring disposition (e...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027084/caring-for-the-amish-what-every-anesthesiologist-should-know
#11
Gregory E R Weller
The Amish are a relatively isolated group with cultural and religious customs that differ significantly from the mainstream American population. Functioning as tight-knit communities with strong conservative Christian beliefs, the Amish maintain a culture based on intentional separateness from the outside world. Key aspects of Amish life include distinct clothing and behaviors, a unique language, an agrarian lifestyle, limited formal education, nonviolence/nonaggression, and a general lack of modern technology, as exemplified by the use of the traditional horse-and-buggy...
December 22, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019013/a-cultural-take-on-the-links-between-religiosity-identity-and-meaning-in-life-in-religious-emerging-adults
#12
Oana Negru-Subtirica, Alexandra Tiganasu, Jessie Dezutter, Koen Luyckx
Identity and meaning in life are core developmental assets in emerging adulthood. We analysed how religiosity is related to these intentional strivings in emerging adults enrolled in theological education, by depicting (1) identity strivings and meaning in life accounts in faith narratives (Study 1) and (2) links between personal identity and meaning in life profiles and religious beliefs, behaviours, and subjective experiences (Study 2). Both studies highlighted that a Foreclosed status, with high personal commitment and reduced exploration, was dominant in faith narratives and personal identity profiles...
December 26, 2016: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018537/contextualizing-the-physician-charter-on-professionalism-in-qatar-from-patient-autonomy-to-family-autonomy
#13
Ming-Jung Ho, Abdullatif Alkhal, Ara Tekian, Julie Shih, Kevin Shaw, Chung-Hsiang Wang, Khalid Alyafei, Lyuba Konopasek
BACKGROUND : The Physician Charter on medical professionalism has been endorsed by professional organizations worldwide, yet it is unclear if this Western framework of professionalism is applicable in non-Western countries. OBJECTIVE : This study examines how physicians practicing in a Middle Eastern context perceive the terms, principles, and commitments outlined in the charter. METHODS : In May 2013, the authors conducted 6 focus groups with 43 clinician-educators practicing at Hamad Medical Corporation in Doha, Qatar, to discuss the applicability of the Physician Charter in a local context...
December 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012033/early-maladaptive-schemas-in-adult-patients-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#14
Alexandra Philipsen, Alexandra P Lam, Sigrid Breit, Caroline Lücke, Helge H Müller, Swantje Matthies
The main purpose of this study was to examine whether adult patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) demonstrate sets of dysfunctional cognitive beliefs and behavioural tendencies according to Jeffrey Young's schema-focused therapy model. Sets of dysfunctional beliefs (maladaptive schemas) were assessed with the Young Schema Questionnaire (YSQ-S2) in 78 adult ADHD patients and 80 control subjects. Patients with ADHD scored significantly higher than the control group on almost all maladaptive schemas...
December 23, 2016: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993126/what-influences-general-practitioners-use-of-exercise-for-patients-with-chronic-knee-pain-results-from-a-national-survey
#15
Elizabeth Cottrell, Edward Roddy, Trishna Rathod, Mark Porcheret, Nadine E Foster
BACKGROUND: Exercise is a recommended 'core' treatment for chronic knee pain (CKP), however it appears to be underused by general practitioners (GPs). While behavioural theories suggest that attitudes and beliefs influence behaviours, no single theory reliably predicts GPs' behaviours. A theoretical analysis framework, developed from sociocognitive theories, was used to underpin investigation of the key influences associated with GPs' use of exercise for patients with CKP, to inform future interventions to optimise GPs' use of exercise...
December 19, 2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960103/examining-heterogeneity-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-evidence-for-subgroups-based-on-motivations
#16
Laura B Bragdon, Meredith E Coles
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a heterogeneous illness and evidence suggests that different clinical characteristics may relate to varying treatment outcomes. This study was designed to identify subgroups based on core motivational domains in a clinical sample of individuals with OCD, and to compare groups on clinical characteristics. Cluster analyses identified four subgroups including groups with relatively high or low levels of both harm avoidance (HA) and incompleteness (INC) motivations. A subgroup was identified that demonstrated a "traditional profile" marked by high motivation to avoid harm, and elevated levels of beliefs about responsibility/overestimation of threat...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959973/false-belief-performance-of-children-adopted-internationally
#17
Deborah A Hwa-Froelich, Hisako Matsuo, Kristal Jacobs
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore relationships among adoption, individual, and family variables on false belief performance of children adopted internationally (CAI). Method: Using a quasiexperimental design, thirty-five 4-year-old children adopted from Asian and Eastern European countries before age 2 years were compared with a U.S. group of 33 nonadopted 4-year-old children on a standardized English-language measure, 3 false belief tasks, and a go/no-go inhibition measure...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959517/the-ins-and-outs-of-lipid-flip-flop
#18
John S Allhusen, John C Conboy
Our current view of cellular membranes centers on the fluid-mosaic model, which envisions the cellular membrane as a "liquidlike" bilayer of lipids, cholesterol, and proteins that freely diffuse in two dimensions. In stark contrast, the exchange of materials between the leaflets of a bilayer was presumed to be prohibited by the large enthalpic barrier associated with translocating hydrophilic materials, such as a charged lipid headgroup, through the hydrophobic membrane core. This static picture with regard to lipid translocation (or "flip-flop" as it is affectionately known) has been a long-held belief in the study of membrane dynamics...
December 13, 2016: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882596/core-intuitions-about-persons-coexist-and-interfere-with-acquired-christian-beliefs-about-god
#19
Michael Barlev, Spencer Mermelstein, Tamsin C German
This study tested the hypothesis that in the minds of adult religious adherents, acquired beliefs about the extraordinary characteristics of God coexist with, rather than replace, an initial representation of God formed by co-option of the evolved person concept. In three experiments, Christian religious adherents were asked to evaluate a series of statements for which core intuitions about persons and acquired Christian beliefs about God were consistent (i.e., true according to both [e.g., "God has beliefs that are true"] or false according to both [e...
November 24, 2016: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847496/revising-the-intolerance-of-uncertainty-model-of-generalized-anxiety-disorder-evidence-from-uk-and-italian-undergraduate-samples
#20
Gioia Bottesi, Marta Ghisi, Eleonora Carraro, Nicola Barclay, Rebecca Payne, Mark H Freeston
The Intolerance of Uncertainty Model (IUM) of Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) attributes a key role to Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU), and additional roles to Positive Beliefs about Worry (PBW), Negative Problem Orientation (NPO), and Cognitive Avoidance (CA), in the development and maintenance of worry, the core feature of GAD. Despite the role of the IUM components in worry and GAD has been considerably demonstrated, to date no studies have explicitly assessed whether and how PBW, NPO, and CA might turn IU into worry and somatic anxiety...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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