keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Core beliefs

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526578/barrel-cortex-what-is-it-good-for
#1
REVIEW
Maik C Stüttgen, Cornelius Schwarz
The rodent whisker system, with barrel cortex as its most prominent structure, has evolved into a powerful model system to study sensory processing. However, despite the vast amount of data collected on barrel cortex neural activity patterns, as well as its circuitry and plasticity, the precise behavioral and cognitive operations for which this structure is needed are still elusive. Proposed functions of barrel cortex include detection, discrimination, coordination of whisker movements during exploratory locomotion or active touch, and associative learning...
May 16, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505600/god-imagery-and-affective-outcomes-in-a-spiritually-integrative-inpatient-program
#2
Joseph M Currier, Joshua D Foster, Alexis D Abernethy, Charlotte V O Witvliet, Lindsey M Root Luna, Katharine M Putman, Sarah A Schnitker, Karl VanHarn, Janet Carter
Religion and/or spirituality (R/S) can play a vital, multifaceted role in mental health. While beliefs about God represent the core of many psychiatric patients' meaning systems, research has not examined how internalized images of the divine might contribute to outcomes in treatment programs/settings that emphasize multicultural sensitivity with R/S. Drawing on a combination of qualitative and quantitative information with a religiously heterogeneous sample of 241 adults who completed a spiritually integrative inpatient program over a two-year period, this study tested direct/indirect associations between imagery of how God views oneself, religious comforts and strains, and affective outcomes (positive and negative)...
May 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497892/echoes-of-others-a-path-analytic-examination-of-an-interpersonal-cognitive-model-of-voice-related-distress
#3
Esther R Cole, Clara Strauss, Chris Fife-Schaw, Simon McCarthy-Jones
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive models propose that levels of distress associated with auditory verbal hallucinations ('voices') are influenced by the hearers' beliefs about their voices (perceived malevolence and omnipotence), their negative beliefs about themselves and others and their attachment style. This study aims to test a comprehensive model of the relationship between these variables in order to identify distal and proximal interpersonal and cognitive factors contributing to voice-related distress...
May 12, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479279/feelings-of-clinician-patient-similarity-and-trust-influence-pain-evidence-from-simulated-clinical-interactions
#4
Elizabeth A Reynolds Losin, Steven R Anderson, Tor D Wager
Pain is influenced by many factors other than external sources of tissue damage. Among these, the clinician-patient relationship is particularly important for pain diagnosis and treatment. However, the effects of the clinician-patient relationship on pain remain underexamined. We tested the hypothesis that patients who believe they share core beliefs and values with their clinician will report less pain than patients who do not. We also measured feelings of perceived clinician-patient similarity and trust to see if these interpersonal factors influenced pain...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472176/testing-the-metacognitive-model-against-the-benchmark-cbt-model-of-social-anxiety-disorder-is-it-time-to-move-beyond-cognition
#5
Henrik Nordahl, Adrian Wells
The recommended treatment for Social Phobia is individual Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT). CBT-treatments emphasize social self-beliefs (schemas) as the core underlying factor for maladaptive self-processing and social anxiety symptoms. However, the need for such beliefs in models of psychopathology has recently been questioned. Specifically, the metacognitive model of psychological disorders asserts that particular beliefs about thinking (metacognitive beliefs) are involved in most disorders, including social anxiety, and are a more important factor underlying pathology...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470164/-experience-of-becoming-a-father-of-a-high-risk-premature-infant
#6
Jeong Eon Park, Byoung Sook Lee
PURPOSE: This study was performed to identify the experience of becoming a father of a high risk premature infant. METHODS: Grounded theory was used for this research. The participants were 12 fathers who had premature infants lighter than 2,500g of birth weight, less than 37 weeks of gestational age and having stayed 2 weeks or longer in a NICU right after birth. Theoretical sampling was done to identify participants and indepth interviews were done for the data collection...
April 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460274/understanding-policy-persistence-the-case-of-police-drug-detection-dog-policy-in-nsw-australia
#7
Caitlin E Hughes, Alison Ritter, Kari Lancaster, Robert Hoppe
BACKGROUND: Significant research attention has been given to understanding the processes of drug policy reform. However, there has been surprisingly little analysis of the persistence of policy in the face of opposition and evidence of ineffectiveness. In this article we analysed just such a case - police drug detection dog policy in NSW, Australia. We sought to identify factors which may account for the continuation of this policy, in spite of counter-evidence and concerted advocacy...
April 28, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447471/how-does-video-interaction-guidance-contribute-to-infant-and-parental-mental-health-and-well-being
#8
Hilary Kennedy, Kevin Ball, Jane Barlow
This article describes the contribution of video interaction guidance (VIG) to the development of infant and parental and VIG practitioners' mental health and well-being. The theoretical core of VIG was depicted in terms of concepts such as intersubjectivity, attunement and mediated learning. The way the VIG principles alongside the underpinning values and beliefs promote a process of attunement between parent and infant, the VIG practitioner and parent, and the VIG practitioner and supervisor is described...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446164/core-information-sets-for-informed-consent-to-surgical-interventions-baseline-information-of-importance-to-patients-and-clinicians
#9
Barry G Main, Angus G K McNair, Richard Huxtable, Jenny L Donovan, Steven J Thomas, Paul Kinnersley, Jane M Blazeby
BACKGROUND: Consent remains a crucial, yet challenging, cornerstone of clinical practice. The ethical, legal and professional understandings of this construct have evolved away from a doctor-centred act to a patient-centred process that encompasses the patient's values, beliefs and goals. This alignment of consent with the philosophy of shared decision-making was affirmed in a recent high-profile Supreme Court ruling in England. The communication of information is central to this model of health care delivery but it can be difficult for doctors to gauge the information needs of the individual patient...
April 26, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444607/the-provision-of-spiritual-care-in-hospices-a-study-in-four-hospices-in-north-rhine-westphalia
#10
Andreas Walker, Christof Breitsameter
This article considers the role and the practices of spiritual care in hospices. While spiritual care was firmly established as one of the four pillars of practical hospice care alongside medical, psychological and social care by Cicely Saunders, the importance and functions of spiritual care in daily practice remain arguable. When speaking about spirituality, what are we actually speaking about? What form do the spiritual relations take between full-time staff and volunteers on the one hand, and the patients and their family members on the other? These were central questions of a qualitative study that we carried out in four hospices in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, to explore how spiritual care is provided in hospices and what significance spirituality has in hospices...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438784/professional-and-conscience-based-refusals-the-case-of-the-psychiatrist-s-harmful-prescription
#11
Morten Magelssen
By way of a case story, two common presuppositions in the academic debate on conscientious objection in healthcare are challenged. First, the debate typically presupposes a sharp division between conscience-based refusals based on personal core moral beliefs and refusals based on professional (eg, medical) reasons. Only the former might involve the moral gravity to warrant accommodation. The case story challenges this division, and it is argued that just as much might sometimes be at stake morally in refusals based on professional reasons...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430978/culture-matters-indigenizing-patient-safety-in-bhutan
#12
Rinchen Pelzang, Megan-Jane Johnstone, Alison M Hutchinson
Studies show that if quality of healthcare in a country is to be achieved, due consideration must be given to the importance of the core cultural values as a critical factor in improving patient safety outcomes. The influence of Bhutan's traditional (core) cultural values on the attitudes and behaviours of healthcare professionals regarding patient care are not known. This study aimed to explore the possible influence of Bhutan's traditional cultural values on staff attitudes towards patient safety and quality care...
April 17, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429623/schema-therapy-for-personality-disorders-in-older-adults-a-multiple-baseline-study
#13
Arjan C Videler, Sebastiaan P J van Alphen, Rita J J van Royen, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis, Gina Rossi, Arnoud Arntz
OBJECTIVE: No studies have been conducted yet into the effectiveness of treatment of personality disorders in later life. This study is a first test of the effectiveness of schema therapy for personality disorders in older adults. METHOD: Multiple-baseline design with eight cluster C personality disorder patients, with a mean age of   69. After a baseline phase with random length, schema therapy was given during the first year, followed by follow-up sessions during six months...
April 21, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382462/adolescent-agentic-orientations-contemporaneous-family-influence-parental-biography-and-intergenerational-development
#14
Monica Kirkpatrick Johnson, Steven Hitlin
Agentic orientations developed in adolescence have been linked to better health, well-being, and achievements in the years following. This study examines longitudinal parental influences on the development of adolescent children's agentic orientations, captured by the core constructs of mastery beliefs and generalized life expectations. Drawing on multigenerational panel data from the United States (1991-2011), the study examines contemporaneous family factors, but also how parental biographies (their own transition to adulthood) and parents' own adolescent agentic orientations influence their adolescent children...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376669/factors-influencing-posttraumatic-growth-in-mothers-of-children-with-cancer
#15
Mi Young Kim
The psychological adaptation of mothers of children with cancer has a significant impact on the management of the disease. As the mothers' psychological adaptation and positive emotions have an impact on the psychological adaptation of the children, it is important to facilitate the positive growth of the mothers during their adjustment to their children's illness. Therefore, it is necessary to determine the factors that influence posttraumatic growth (PTG) in these mothers. This research aimed to test the variables of PTG based on an existing theoretical model of PTG in mothers of children with cancer...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369366/banning-shisha-smoking-in-public-places-in-iran-an-advocacy-coalition-framework-perspective-on-policy-process-and-change
#16
Akram Khayatzadeh-Mahani, Eric Breton, Arne Ruckert, Ronald Labonté
Introduction: Shisha smoking is a widespread custom in Iran with a rapidly growing prevalence especially among the youth. In this article, we analyze the policy process of enforcing a federal/state ban on shisha smoking in all public places in Kerman Province, Iran. Guided by the Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF), we investigate how a shisha smoking ban reached the political agenda in 2011, how it was framed by different policy actors, and why no significant breakthrough took place despite its inclusion on the agenda...
March 27, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367446/systematic-comparison-of-brain-imaging-meta-analyses-of-tom-with-vpt
#17
Aditi Arora, Matthias Schurz, Josef Perner
In visual perspective taking (vPT) one has to concern oneself with what other people see and how they see it. Since seeing is a mental state, developmental studies have discussed vPT within the domain of "theory of mind (ToM)" but imaging studies have not treated it as such. Based on earlier results from several meta-analyses, we tested for the overlap of visual perspective taking studies with 6 different kinds of ToM studies: false belief, trait judgments, strategic games, social animations, mind in the eyes, and rational actions...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339563/trauma-informed-social-work-practice
#18
Jill Levenson
Social workers frequently encounter clients with a history of trauma. Trauma-informed care is a way of providing services by which social workers recognize the prevalence of early adversity in the lives of clients, view presenting problems as symptoms of maladaptive coping, and understand how early trauma shapes a client's fundamental beliefs about the world and affects his or her psychosocial functioning across the life span. Trauma-informed social work incorporates core principles of safety, trust, collaboration, choice, and empowerment and delivers services in a manner that avoids inadvertently repeating unhealthy interpersonal dynamics in the helping relationship...
April 1, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325130/antiretroviral-adherence-perspectives-of-pregnant-and-postpartum-women-in-guyana
#19
Deborah Vitalis, Zelee Hill
The Caribbean region has the second highest HIV prevalence after Sub-Saharan Africa. Guyana's adult HIV prevalence is 1.9% among pregnant women, with women accounting for an estimated 58% of all persons living with HIV. However, there are few studies on ART adherence in the Caribbean, none from Guyana, and none focusing on adherence in pregnancy and the postpartum period. The objective of this study was to explore the perspectives of HIV-infected pregnant and postpartum women and healthcare providers in Guyana about barriers and facilitators to ART adherence...
March 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322222/white-matter-maturation-is-associated-with-the-emergence-of-theory-of-mind-in-early-childhood
#20
Charlotte Grosse Wiesmann, Jan Schreiber, Tania Singer, Nikolaus Steinbeis, Angela D Friederici
The ability to attribute mental states to other individuals is crucial for human cognition. A milestone of this ability is reached around the age of 4, when children start understanding that others can have false beliefs about the world. The neural basis supporting this critical step is currently unknown. Here, we relate this behavioural change to the maturation of white matter structure in 3- and 4-year-old children. Tract-based spatial statistics and probabilistic tractography show that the developmental breakthrough in false belief understanding is associated with age-related changes in local white matter structure in temporoparietal regions, the precuneus and medial prefrontal cortex, and with increased dorsal white matter connectivity between temporoparietal and inferior frontal regions...
March 21, 2017: Nature Communications
keyword
keyword
102154
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"