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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167649/the-effect-of-emdr-and-cbt-on-low-self-esteem-in-a-general-psychiatric-population-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Brecht T Griffioen, Anna A van der Vegt, Izaäk W de Groot, Ad de Jongh
Although low self-esteem has been found to be an important factor in the development and maintenance of psychopathology, surprisingly little is known about its treatment. This study investigated the effectiveness of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), regarding their capacities in enhancing self-esteem in a general psychiatric secondary health care population. A randomized controlled trial with two parallel groups was used. Participants were randomly allocated to either 10 weekly sessions of EMDR (n = 15) or CBT (n = 15)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166221/the-relationship-between-perceived-parenting-negative-core-beliefs-and-dysfunctional-attitudes-among-young-adults
#2
Yuji Kuroda
Previous studies have found that perceived parenting is associated with dysfunctional attitudes that predict depression. However, few studies have empirically investigated processes by which perceived parenting is associated with dysfunctional attitudes. To fill this gap, this study tested the hypothesis that perceived low parental care would be associated with negative core beliefs, which, in turn, would be associated with dysfunctional attitudes. To strictly test the hypothesis, this study controlled for current depressive symptoms that could affect the relationships between study variables...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165788/factors-affecting-compliance-with-confirmatory-colonoscopy-after-a-positive-fecal-immunochemical-test-in-a-national-colorectal-screening-program
#3
Shao-Yi Cheng, Ming-Chieh Li, Shu-Li Chia, Kuo-Chin Huang, Tai-Yuan Chiu, Ding-Cheng Chan, Han-Mo Chiu
BACKGROUND: Screening with the fecal immunochemical test (FIT) is effective in reducing deaths from colorectal cancer (CRC). Since 2004, biennial FIT screening has been available to a target population in Taiwan as a national screening program. The objective of the current study was to identify the factors that influence willingness to undergo a confirmatory colonoscopy after a positive FIT, because related references in the published literature were scarce. METHODS: A semistructured questionnaire was based on the Health Belief Model (HBM) and a literature review...
November 22, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155443/the-philosophy-of-practice-for-comprehensive-medication-management-evaluating-its-meaning-and-application-by-practitioners
#4
Deborah L Pestka, Lindsay A Sorge, Mary Roth McClurg, Todd D Sorensen
OBJECTIVE: Philosophy of practice is the foundation to any patient care practice as it provides a set of professional values and beliefs that guide actions and decisions in practice. Study objectives were to understand how pharmacists providing comprehensive medication management (CMM) describe their philosophy of practice and compare how participants' philosophies align with predefined tenets of a CMM philosophy of practice. METHODS: An instrument with closed and open-ended items was developed and administered online to the lead pharmacist at 36 clinics participating in a large CMM study...
November 20, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145774/predicting-the-risk-of-opioid-use-disorder-based-on-early-maladaptive-schemas
#5
Somayeh Zamirinejad, Seyed Kaveh Hojjat, Alireza Moslem, Vahideh MoghaddamHosseini, Arash Akaberi
Substance use is a globally devastating social problem. Early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) are inefficient mechanisms leading directly or indirectly to psychological distress. The current study aimed to assess the role of EMSs in predicting opioid use disorder. The cross-sectional study was conducted in 2013 in Bojnurd at northeast of Iran on 60 male opioid users who received Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) and 60 control males. The opioid users were selected randomly from MMT clinics and control subjects were selected and matched with opioid users using demographic variables...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132778/discourse-coalitions-in-swiss-waste-management-gridlock-or-winds-of-change
#6
Mert Duygan, Michael Stauffacher, Grégoire Meylan
As a complex socio-technical system, waste management is crucially important for the sustainable management of material and energy flows. Transition to better performing waste management systems requires not only determining what needs to be changed but also finding out how this change can be realized. Without understanding the political context, insights from decision support tools such as life cycle assessment (LCA) are likely to be lost in translation to decision and policy making. This study strives to provide a first insight into the political context and address the opportunities and barriers pertinent to initiating a change in Swiss waste management...
November 10, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126406/perceptions-of-the-2011-acgme-duty-hour-requirements-among-residents-in-all-core-programs-at-a-large-academic-medical-center
#7
Benjamin J Sandefur, Diana M Shewmaker, Christine M Lohse, Steven H Rose, James E Colletti
BACKGROUND: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) implemented revisions to resident duty hour requirements (DHRs) in 2011 to improve patient safety and resident well-being. Perceptions of DHRs have been reported to vary by training stage and specialty among internal medicine and general surgery residents. The authors explored perceptions of DHRs among all residents at a large academic medical center. METHODS: The authors administered an anonymous cross-sectional survey about DHRs to residents enrolled in all ACGME-accredited core residency programs at their institution...
November 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099623/event-centrality-influences-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-via-core-beliefs-in-internally-displaced-older-adults
#8
John Bosco Chika Chukwuorji, Chuka Mike Ifeagwazi, John E Eze
OBJECTIVES: There is substantial evidence regarding the role of event centrality (EC) in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, but little research has examined the explanatory pathways linking EC with PTSD symptoms severity. The present study examined whether core beliefs (CB) mediates the relationship between EC and PTSD symptoms in internally displaced older adults. METHOD: Internally displaced older adults (N = 279; mean age = 62 years) sheltered in two camps located in north-central Nigeria, completed Tiv language versions of self-report measures, namely, the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire, the Centrality of Event Scale, Core Beliefs Inventory, and provided relevant demographic information...
November 3, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081899/the-illusion-of-moral-superiority
#9
Ben M Tappin, Ryan T McKay
Most people strongly believe they are just, virtuous, and moral; yet regard the average person as distinctly less so. This invites accusations of irrationality in moral judgment and perception-but direct evidence of irrationality is absent. Here, we quantify this irrationality and compare it against the irrationality in other domains of positive self-evaluation. Participants (N = 270) judged themselves and the average person on traits reflecting the core dimensions of social perception: morality, agency, and sociability...
August 2017: Social Psychological and Personality Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075120/relationship-of-negative-and-positive-core-beliefs-about-the-self-with-dysfunctional-attitudes-in-three-aspects-of-life
#10
Koichi Otani, Akihito Suzuki, Yoshihiko Matsumoto, Toshinori Shirata
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive theory assumes a pivotal role of negative core beliefs about the self in dysfunctional attitudes predisposing to depression. Meanwhile, the role of positive core beliefs about the self in cognitive vulnerability to depression is unknown. Therefore, we examined the relationship of negative and positive core beliefs about the self with dysfunctional attitudes in three aspects of life. METHODS: The subjects were 311 Japanese volunteers. Core beliefs of negative-self and positive-self were evaluated by the corresponding subscales of the Brief Core Schema Scales...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072186/greek-teachers-knowledge-about-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#11
I Giannopoulou, P Korkoliakou, E Pasalari, A Douzenis
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobiological disorder, which affects about 5.2% of school-aged children worldwide. Children with ADHD present teachers with a special challenge, since they interfere with teaching process and do not respond to typical classroom management techniques. In order to meet this challenge teachers must have accurate, up-to-date, information about the disorder so that they can respond to the needs of the student with ADHD. Studies that have examined teachers' beliefs and knowledge relating to ADHD highlighted the need for providing training to increase Greek teachers' knowledge and understanding of the disorder...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046085/transoral-laser-surgery-for-laryngeal-carcinoma-has-steiner-achieved-a-genuine-paradigm-shift-in-oncological-surgery
#12
A T Harris, A Tanyi, R D Hart, J Trites, M H Rigby, J Lancaster, A Nicolaides, S M Taylor
Transoral laser microsurgery applies to the piecemeal removal of malignant tumours of the upper aerodigestive tract using the CO2 laser under the operating microscope. This method of surgery is being increasingly popularised as a single modality treatment of choice in early laryngeal cancers (T1 and T2) and occasionally in the more advanced forms of the disease (T3 and T4), predominantly within the supraglottis. Thomas Kuhn, the American physicist turned philosopher and historian of science, coined the phrase 'paradigm shift' in his groundbreaking book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions...
October 19, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035800/exploring-mechanisms-of-change-in-schema-therapy-for-chronic-depression
#13
Fritz Renner, Robert DeRubeis, Arnoud Arntz, Frenk Peeters, Jill Lobbestael, Marcus J H Huibers
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The underlying mechanisms of symptom change in schema therapy (ST) for chronic major depressive disorder (cMDD) have not been studied. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of two potentially important mechanisms of symptom change, maladaptive schemas (proxied by negative idiosyncratic core-beliefs) and the therapeutic alliance. METHODS: We drew data from a single-case series of ST for cMDD. Patients with cMDD (N = 20) received on average 78 repeated weekly assessments over a course of up to 65 individual sessions of ST...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034534/corrective-emotional-experience-in-an-integrative-affect-focused-therapy-building-a-preliminary-model-using-task-analysis
#14
Kaori Nakamura, Shigeru Iwakabe
OBJECTIVE: The present study constructed a preliminary process model of corrective emotional experience (CEE) in an integrative affect-focused therapy. METHOD: Task analysis was used to analyse 6 in-session events taken from 6 Japanese clients who worked with an integrative affect-focused therapist. The 6 events included 3 successful CEEs and 3 partially successful CEEs for comparison. RESULTS: A rational-empirical model of CEE was generated, which consisted of two parallel client change processes, intrapersonal change and interpersonal change, and the therapist interventions corresponding to each process...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019810/management-of-patients-who-receive-an-organ-transplant-abroad-and-return-home-for-follow-up-care-recommendations-from-the-declaration-of-istanbul-custodian-group
#15
Beatriz Domínguez-Gil, Gabriel Danovitch, Dominique E Martin, Marta López-Fraga, Kristof Van Assche, Michele L Morris, Jacob Lavee, Gilad Erlich, Riadh Fadhil, Mirela Busic, Glynn Rankin, Mona Al-Rukhaimi, Philip O Connell, Jacqueline Chin, Triona Norman, Pablo Massari, Refaat Kamel, Francis L Delmonico
Eradicating transplant tourism depends upon complex solutions that include efforts to progress towards self-sufficiency in transplantation. Meanwhile, professionals and authorities are faced with medical, legal, and ethical problems raised by patients who return home after receiving an organ transplant abroad, particularly when the organ has been obtained through illegitimate means. In 2016, the Declaration of Istanbul Custodian Group convened an international, multidisciplinary workshop in Madrid, Spain, to address these challenges and provide recommendations for the management of these patients, which are presented in this paper...
October 11, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972019/resource-allocation-for-equity-in-the-british-national-health-service-1948-89-an-advocacy-coalition-analysis-of-the-rawp
#16
Martin Gorsky, Gareth Millward
Britain's National Health Service (NHS) is a universal, single-payer health system in which the central state has been instrumental in ensuring equity. This article investigates why from the 1970s a policy to achieve equal access for equal need was implemented. Despite the founding principle that the NHS should "universalize the best," this was a controversial policy goal, implying substantial redistribution from London and the South and threatening established medical, political, and bureaucratic interests...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955273/the-sense-of-agency-scale-a-measure-of-consciously-perceived-control-over-one-s-mind-body-and-the-immediate-environment
#17
Adam Tapal, Ela Oren, Reuven Dar, Baruch Eitam
The sense of agency (SoA) is defined as "the registration that I am the initiator of my actions." Both "direct" and "indirect" measurement of SoA has focused on specific contextualized perceptual events, however it has also been demonstrated that "higher level" cognitions seemingly affect the SoA. We designed a measure of person's general, context-free beliefs about having core agency-the Sense of Agency Scale (SoAS). An exploratory (EFA) and confirmatory (CFA) factor analyses on samples of 236 (Study 1) and 408 (Study 2) participants yielded two correlated factors we labeled Sense of Positive Agency (SoPA) and Sense of Negative Agency (SoNA)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918819/the-promise-of-documentary-theatre-to-counter-ageism-in-age-friendly-communities
#18
Kathy Black, Valerie Barnes Lipscomb
This paper discusses an innovative theatre-arts collaboration that was created to provoke public discourse about aging in a community located in the Southeastern United States in which more than one-half of residents are age 50 or older. The development and execution of the documentary theatre production are explicated and the post-performance talk-backs with the audience are shared to illustrate how it facilitated insight and dialogue among its largely older audiences. Experience with this production suggests that academics can collaborate with professional artists to promote the subjective experience of aging as a positive appreciation of self...
August 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905083/assessing-exercises-recommended-for-women-at-risk-of-pelvic-floor-disorders-using-multivariate-statistical-techniques
#19
Tania Tian, Stephanie Budgett, Jackie Smalldridge, Lynsey Hayward, James Stinear, Jennifer Kruger
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: There is a widely held, but untested, belief that certain exercises and activities generate intraabdominal pressure (IAP) that may compromise the function of the pelvic floor muscles. Women with, or at risk of, pelvic floor disorders are advised therefore to refrain from these exercises and activities in order to theoretically protect their pelvic floor. The aim of this study was to compare IAPs generated during exercises of different types that are recommended to women as pelvic floor "safe" with those generated during the corresponding conventional exercises that women are typically cautioned against...
September 13, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882813/perceptions-of-health-related-information-on-facebook-cross-sectional-study-among-vietnamese-youths
#20
Melvyn Wb Zhang, Bach Xuan Tran, Huong Thi Le, Hinh Duc Nguyen, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Tho Dinh Tran, Carl A Latkin, Roger Cm Ho
BACKGROUND: While health information websites may have previously been the core source of information about health-related conditions on the Internet, social networking sites are increasingly replacing those websites as a source of health-related information. The increasingly popularity of social networking sites among the general population has consequential impact on health policies as well as health-related interventions. To date, there remains a paucity of research conducted in developing countries like Vietnam looking at the influence of social networking sites...
September 7, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
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