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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791646/repercussions-of-hospitalization-due-to-fall-of-the-elderly-health-care-and-prevention
#1
Adriana Remião Luzardo, Newton Ferreira de Paula Júnior, Marcelo Medeiros, Paula Carolina Bejo Wolkers, Silvia Maria Azevedo Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: To know the repercussions of the fall reported by the elderly and their caregiver during hospitalization in a public hospital in Florianópolis city from October to December 2014. METHOD: Exploratory research with a qualitative approach, conducted by depth interviews with 16 participants, the eight elderly were hospitalized for falls and eight elderly caregivers. Data analysis were performed through the Thematic Content Analysis. RESULTS: It was evidenced the thematic axis: Faller Elderly supported by four thematic categories: Changes caused by Falls, I am a faller, I take care of me and Prevention of the Fall...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791628/validation-of-the-falls-efficacy-scale-international-in-a-sample-of-portuguese-elderly
#2
Cristina Maria Alves Marques-Vieira, Luís Manuel Mota de Sousa, Lisete Maria Ribeiro de Sousa, Sílvia Maria Alves Caldeira Berenguer
OBJECTIVE: to translate and adapt Falls Efficacy Scale - International (FES-I). To analyze the psychometric properties of the FES-I Portugal version. METHOD: psychometric study. Sample consisting of 170 elderly people residing in the Autonomous Region of Madeira. A two- part form was used (sociodemographic characterization and FES-I Portugal). The cross-cultural adaptation was performed and the following psychometric properties were evaluated: validity (construct, predictive, and discriminant), reliability (Cronbach's alpha), and inter-rater reliability...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791623/social-representation-of-elderly-people-on-falls-structural-analysis-and-in-the-light-of-neuman
#3
Jéssica de Castro Santos, Cristina Arreguy-Sena, Paulo Ferreira Pinto, Elenir de Paiva Pereira, Marcelo da Silva Alves, Fabiano Bolpato Loures
OBJECTIVE: To understand the symbolic elements and the hierarchical system of representations of elderly people on falls, according to Abric's structural analysis and Neuman's theory. METHOD: Abric structural approach developed at the home of primary care users in a city of Minas Gerais. A free evocation technique of images triggered by images was performed in 2016 with elderly individuals (≥65 years old). Data treated by dictionary of equivalent terms; processed in Evoc 2000 software converging, analytically, according to Neuman...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789408/the-relationship-between-serum-igf-1-handgrip-strength-physical-performance-and-falls-in-elderly-men-and-women
#4
Caroline Van Nieuwpoort, Mariska Vlot, Laura Schaap, Paul Lips, Madeleine Drent
OBJECTIVE: Human aging is accompanied by a decrease in growth hormone secretion and serum IGF-1 levels. Also, loss of muscle mass, strength and impairment of physical performance, ending in a state of frailty, are seen in elderly. We aimed to investigate whether handgrip strength, physical performance and recurrent falls are related to serum IGF-1 levels in community dwelling elderly. DESIGN: Observational cohort study (cross-sectional and prospective). METHODS: We studied the association between IGF-1 and handgrip strength, physical performance and falls in participants of the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam...
May 22, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783647/type-and-location-of-wearable-sensors-for-monitoring-falls-during-static-and-dynamic-tasks-in-healthy-elderly-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Rosaria Rucco, Antonietta Sorriso, Marianna Liparoti, Giampaolo Ferraioli, Pierpaolo Sorrentino, Michele Ambrosanio, Fabio Baselice
In recent years, the meaning of successful living has moved from extending lifetime to improving the quality of aging, mainly in terms of high cognitive and physical functioning together with avoiding diseases. In healthy elderly, falls represent an alarming accident both in terms of number of events and the consequent decrease in the quality of life. Stability control is a key approach for studying the genesis of falls, for detecting the event and trying to develop methodologies to prevent it. Wearable sensors have proved to be very useful in monitoring and analyzing the stability of subjects...
May 18, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782479/basic-training-a-pilot-study-of-balance-strengthening-exercises-in-heart-failure
#6
Rita McGuire, Julie Honaker, Bunny Pozehl, Melody Hertzog
PURPOSE: The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the effect of a multicomponent balance and resistance training intervention on physical function, balance, and falls in older (≥65 years) community-dwelling heart failure (HF) patients. DESIGN: Randomized, two-group repeated-measures experimental design. METHODS: The intervention involved once weekly supervised group sessions with home sessions encouraged twice weekly. Focus groups held pre/post intervention...
May 19, 2018: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782209/practical-assessment-and-management-of-vulnerabilities-in-older-patients-receiving-chemotherapy-asco-guideline-for-geriatric-oncology
#7
Supriya G Mohile, William Dale, Mark R Somerfield, Mara A Schonberg, Cynthia M Boyd, Peggy S Burhenn, Beverly Canin, Harvey Jay Cohen, Holly M Holmes, Judith O Hopkins, Michelle C Janelsins, Alok A Khorana, Heidi D Klepin, Stuart M Lichtman, Karen M Mustian, William P Tew, Arti Hurria
Purpose To provide guidance regarding the practical assessment and management of vulnerabilities in older patients undergoing chemotherapy. Methods An Expert Panel was convened to develop clinical practice guideline recommendations based on a systematic review of the medical literature. Results A total of 68 studies met eligibility criteria and form the evidentiary basis for the recommendations. Recommendations In patients ≥ 65 years receiving chemotherapy, geriatric assessment (GA) should be used to identify vulnerabilities that are not routinely captured in oncology assessments...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778652/frailty-and-diabetes-among-mexican-american-older-adults
#8
Bret T Howrey, Soham Al Snih, Kyriakos S Markides, Kenneth J Ottenbacher
PURPOSE: Progressive physical frailty in older adults is associated with increased risk of falls, disability, institutionalization, and mortality. Although associations between diabetes and frailty have been observed, the impact of diabetes on frailty in older Hispanics is largely unexplored. We examine the association of diabetes on the odds of frailty among older Mexican Americans. METHODS: Using data from the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiological Study of the Elderly from 1995 until 2012, frailty was assessed by slow gait, weak hand grip strength, exhaustion, and unexplained weight loss (n = 1327)...
April 26, 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773946/utility-of-the-care-dependency-scale-in-predicting-care-needs-and-health-risks-of-elderly-patients-admitted-to-a-geriatric-unit-a-cross-sectional-study-of-200-consecutive-patients
#9
Halina Doroszkiewicz, Matylda Sierakowska, Marta Muszalik
Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of the Polish version of the Care Dependency Scale (CDS) in predicting care needs and health risks of elderly patients admitted to a geriatric unit. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 200 geriatric patients aged ≥60 years, chronologically admitted to a geriatrics unit in Poland. The study was carried out using the Polish version of the CDS questionnaire to evaluate biopsychosocial needs and the level of care dependency...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773781/clinicopathological-characteristics-of-traumatic-head-injury-in-juvenile-middle-aged-and-elderly-individuals
#10
Jiawen Wang, Feng Han, Qian Zhao, Bin Xia, Jialin Dai, Qian Wang, Shimei Huang, Cuiyun Le, Zhu Li, Jiangjin Liu, Ming Yang, Changwu Wan, Jie Wang
BACKGROUND Traumatic head injury is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. How clinicopathological features differ by age remains unclear. This epidemiological study analyzed the clinicopathological features of patients with head injury belonging to 3 age groups. MATERIAL AND METHODS Data of patients with traumatic head injury were obtained from the Department of Cerebral Surgery of the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University and the Guizhou Provincial People's Hospital in 2011-2015. Their clinicopathological parameters were assessed...
May 18, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768453/spatiotemporal-characteristics-of-elderly-population-s-traffic-accidents-in-seoul-using-space-time-cube-and-space-time-kernel-density-estimation
#11
Youngok Kang, Nahye Cho, Serin Son
The purpose of this study is to analyze how the spatiotemporal characteristics of traffic accidents involving the elderly population in Seoul are changing by time period. We applied kernel density estimation and hotspot analyses to analyze the spatial characteristics of elderly people's traffic accidents, and the space-time cube, emerging hotspot, and space-time kernel density estimation analyses to analyze the spatiotemporal characteristics. In addition, we analyzed elderly people's traffic accidents by dividing cases into those in which the drivers were elderly people and those in which elderly people were victims of traffic accidents, and used the traffic accidents data in Seoul for 2013 for analysis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768372/technologies-for-participatory-medicine-and-health-promotion-in-the-elderly-population
#12
Laura Nieto-Riveiro, Betania Groba, M Carmen Miranda, Patricia Concheiro, Alejandro Pazos, Thais Pousada, Javier Pereira
INTRODUCTION: The progressive aging of the population is a socio-demographic phenomenon experienced by most countries in the world in recent decades, especially in Japan and in many European Union countries. During this process, so-called "geriatric syndromes" frequently occur. The focus of this study is the quality of life of the elderly in relation to these 3 factors: risk of falls, urinary incontinence, and insomnia. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose is to determine the impact of a multifactorial intervention program implemented with institutionalized elderly people...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766142/improving-life-expectancy-a-broken-neck-doesn-t-have-to-be-a-terminal-diagnosis-for-the-elderly
#13
Laura N Godat, Leslie M Kobayashi, David C Chang, Raul Coimbra
Background: Elderly patients with cervical spine fractures require optimal care. Treatment with a cervical collar or halo instead of surgical fixation may increase mortality. This investigation intends to describe the life expectancy after injury and evaluate the impact of surgical intervention on mortality. Methods: Patients ≥65 years, with traumatic cervical spine fractures without cord injury were identified in the 1995-2009 California Office of Statewide Health and Planning database...
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764772/dizziness-and-fear-of-falling-in-the-elderly-a-few-facts
#14
Robby Vanspauwen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764398/challenges-and-motivators-to-physical-activity-faced-by-retired-men-when-ageing-a-qualitative-study
#15
Ebba Langum Bredland, Sylvia Söderström, Kjersti Vik
BACKGROUND: Active ageing reflects the message from World Health Organisation about addressing the challenge faced by the rapidly ageing population. Knowledge about barriers and facilitators to an active lifestyle must be given more attention. In addition, men seem to participate less in cultural activities and less in fall-prevention groups than women do. When mostly women work with the elderly in primary care, one might question whether the activities offered to older men meet their activity preferences...
May 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760965/age-and-other-risk-factors-influencing-long-term-mortality-in-patients-with-traumatic-cervical-spine-fracture
#16
Matthew Bank, Katie Gibbs, Cristina Sison, Nawshin Kutub, Angelos Paptheodorou, Samuel Lee, Adam Stein, Ona Bloom
Objective: To identify clinical or demographic variables that influence long-term mortality, as well as in-hospital mortality, with a particular focus on the effects of age. Summary and Background Data: Cervical spine fractures with or without spinal cord injury (SCI) disproportionately impact the elderly who constitute an increasing percentage of the US population. Methods: We analyzed data collected for 10 years at a state-designated level I trauma center to identify variables that influenced in-hospital and long-term mortality among elderly patients with traumatic cervical spine fracture with or without SCI...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760940/analyses-of-non-benzodiazepine-induced-adverse-events-and-prognosis-in-elderly-patients-based-on-the-japanese-adverse-drug-event-report-database
#17
Yoshihiro Noguchi, Anri Ueno, Hayato Katsuno, Manami Otsubo, Aki Yoshida, Yuta Kanematsu, Ikuto Sugita, Tomoya Tachi, Teruo Tsuchiya, Hitomi Teramachi
Background: The contents of the guidelines for the use of non-benzodiazepines (Z-drugs) differ slightly between THE JAPANESE SOCIETY OF SLEEP RESEARCH and THE JAPAN GERIATRIC SOCIETY, and the recommended directions are conflicting. Therefore, we analyzed the use of the Japanese Adverse Drug Event Report database (JADER) for identifying adverse events (AEs) caused by Z-drugs and clarifying their occurrence trend and prognosis. Methods: The signal value for comparison was calculated by using the proportional reporting ratio (PRR) and chi-squared test (χ2 ) results of data of elderly and non-elderly patients...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758977/evaluation-of-plantar-pressures-in-people-with-hallux-valgus-using-principal-component-analysis
#18
Kanako Nakajima, Yoshiyuki Kobayashi, Mitsunori Tada, Masaaki Mochimaru
BACKGROUND: Foot deformities are serious problems in the elderly as they increase the risk of falling. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the relationship between foot plantar pressure during gait and hallux valgus (HV). METHODS: Foot-pressure data were recorded using an F-scan II system. We analyzed the entire waveform of plantar pressure during gait from 37 healthy adults using principle component analysis (PCA), conducted using a 370 × 357 matrix of time-normalized plantar data of 7 areas during gait (5 gait trials × 2 (both feet) of 37 participants × 51 data points × 7 plantar areas)...
April 29, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758966/comparison-of-gait-patterns-in-elderly-fallers-and-non-fallers
#19
Moon-Seok Kwon, Yu-Ri Kwon, Yang-Sun Park, Ji-Won Kim
Gait is associated with an important risk factor of falls in the elderly. It is important to find differences of quantitative gait variables between fallers and non-fallers. The aim of this study was to investigate gait patterns in elderly fallers and non-fallers. Thirty-eight fallers and 38 non-fallers of similar age and height participated in this study. Subjects walked across the GaitRite walkway at self-selected comfortable speeds. Spatio-temporal gait variables were measured to characterize gait patterns...
April 27, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758586/opioid-intake-prior-to-admission-is-not-increased-in-elderly-patients-with-low-energy-fractures-a-case-control-study-in-a-german-hospital-population
#20
A Schwarzer, M Kaisler, K Kipping, D Seybold, V Rausch, C Maier, J Vollert
BACKGROUND: Recent studies revealed an increased prescription rate of opioids for elderly patients suffering bone fractures. To gain further insight, we conducted face-to-face interviews in the present study to compare the opioid intake between patients with low energy fractures and patients suffering from internal diseases. METHODS: In this case-control study, 992 patients, aged 60 years and older, were enrolled between March 2014 and February 2015. The interview comprised a fall and medication history, comorbidities, mobility and other risk factors for fractures...
May 14, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
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