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Outcome Measures AND speech language therapy AND child*

Bushra Ayub, Nancy M Young
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of infectious complications and healing problems in cochlear implant (CI) patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy following solid organ transplant. STUDY DESIGN: IRB-approved retrospective chart review of implanted patients. SETTING: Tertiary care children's hospital. METHODS: Seven patients of the more than 1000 implanted during the time period between 1991 and 2014 underwent cochlear implantation while on immunosuppressive therapy after having received a solid organ transplant...
December 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
William G Sharp, Valerie M Volkert, Lawrence Scahill, Courtney E McCracken, Barbara McElhanon
OBJECTIVE: To assess models of care and conduct a meta-analysis of program outcomes for children receiving intensive, multidisciplinary intervention for pediatric feeding disorders. STUDY DESIGN: We searched Medline, PsycINFO, and PubMed databases (2000-2015) in peer-reviewed journals for studies that examined the treatment of children with chronic food refusal receiving intervention at day treatment or inpatient hospital programs. Inclusion criteria required the presentation of quantitative data on food consumption, feeding behavior, and/or growth status before and after intervention...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Karen Chenausky, Andrea Norton, Helen Tager-Flusberg, Gottfried Schlaug
This study compared Auditory-Motor Mapping Training (AMMT), an intonation-based treatment for facilitating spoken language in minimally verbal children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), to a matched control treatment, Speech Repetition Therapy (SRT). 23 minimally verbal children with ASD (20 male, mean age 6;5) received at least 25 sessions of AMMT. Seven (all male) were matched on age and verbal ability to seven participants (five male) who received SRT. Outcome measures were Percent Syllables Approximated, Percent Consonants Correct (of 86), and Percent Vowels Correct (of 61) produced on two sets of 15 bisyllabic stimuli...
2016: PloS One
Sarah Spencer, Judy Clegg, Joy Stackhouse, Robert Rush
BACKGROUND: Well-documented associations exist between socio-economic background and language ability in early childhood, and between educational attainment and language ability in children with clinically referred language impairment. However, very little research has looked at the associations between language ability, educational attainment and socio-economic background during adolescence, particularly in populations without language impairment. AIMS: To investigate: (1) whether adolescents with higher educational outcomes overall had higher language abilities; and (2) associations between adolescent language ability, socio-economic background and educational outcomes, specifically in relation to Mathematics, English Language and English Literature GCSE grade...
July 18, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Roderick P Venekamp, Martin J Burton, Thijs M A van Dongen, Geert J van der Heijden, Alice van Zon, Anne G M Schilder
BACKGROUND: Otitis media with effusion (OME) is characterised by an accumulation of fluid in the middle ear behind an intact tympanic membrane, without the symptoms or signs of acute infection. Since most cases of OME will resolve spontaneously, only children with persistent middle ear effusion and associated hearing loss potentially require treatment. Previous Cochrane reviews have focused on the effectiveness of ventilation tube insertion, adenoidectomy, nasal autoinflation, antihistamines, decongestants and corticosteroids in OME...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Ramesh Kaipa, Michelle L Danser
OBJECTIVES: Auditory verbal therapy (AVT) is one of the primary treatment approaches for developing spoken language in children with hearing impairment (HI), but its outcomes have not been thoroughly investigated. The current study aimed to systematically review past studies investigating AVT outcomes in children with HI. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in six databases. Fourteen articles that met the final inclusion criteria were grouped under three categories based on the outcome measures: receptive and expressive language development, auditory/speech perception and mainstreaming...
July 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Ferenc Bunta, Michael Douglas, Hanna Dickson, Amy Cantu, Jennifer Wickesberg, René H Gifford
BACKGROUND: There is a critical need to understand better speech and language development in bilingual children learning two spoken languages who use cochlear implants (CIs) and hearing aids (HAs). The paucity of knowledge in this area poses a significant barrier to providing maximal communicative outcomes to a growing number of children who have a hearing loss (HL) and are learning multiple spoken languages. In fact, the number of bilingual individuals receiving CIs and HAs is rapidly increasing, and Hispanic children display a higher prevalence of HL than the general population of the United States...
July 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Elizabeth M Fitzpatrick, Candyce Hamel, Adrienne Stevens, Misty Pratt, David Moher, Suzanne P Doucet, Deirdre Neuss, Anita Bernstein, Eunjung Na
CONTEXT: Permanent hearing loss affects 1 to 3 per 1000 children and interferes with typical communication development. Early detection through newborn hearing screening and hearing technology provide most children with the option of spoken language acquisition. However, no consensus exists on optimal interventions for spoken language development. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of the effectiveness of early sign and oral language intervention compared with oral language intervention only for children with permanent hearing loss...
January 2016: Pediatrics
Annemiek Hammer, Martine Coene
OBJECTIVE: In this study, the acquisition of Dutch finite verb morphology is investigated in children with cochlear implants (CIs) with profound hearing loss and in children with hearing aids (HAs) with moderate to severe hearing loss. Comparing these two groups of children increases our insight into how hearing experience and audibility affect the acquisition of morphosyntax. DESIGN: Spontaneous speech samples were analyzed of 48 children with CIs and 29 children with HAs, ages 4 to 7 years...
January 2016: Ear and Hearing
Catherine Adams, Jacqueline Gaile, Elaine Lockton, Jenny Freed
PURPOSE: This clinical focus article presents an illustration of a complex communication intervention, the Social Communication Intervention Programme (SCIP), as delivered to a child who has a social communication disorder (SCD). The SCIP intervention combined language processing and pragmatic and social understanding therapies in a program of individualized therapy activities and in close liaison with families. METHOD: The study used an enhanced AB single-subject design in which an 8-year-old child with an SCD participated in 20 therapy sessions with a specialist speech-language pathologist...
October 2015: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
Karen Gordon, Yael Henkin, Andrej Kral
Deafness affects ∼2 in 1000 children and is one of the most common congenital impairments. Permanent hearing loss can be treated by fitting hearing aids. More severe to profound deafness is an indication for cochlear implantation. Although newborn hearing screening programs have increased the identification of asymmetric hearing loss, parents and caregivers of children with single-sided deafness are often hesitant to pursue therapy for the deaf ear. Delayed intervention has consequences for recovery of hearing...
July 2015: Pediatrics
Sue Roulstone
PURPOSE: This paper examines the relationship between components of evidence-based practice (clinical expertise, patient perspective and research evidence). METHOD: Findings are examined from two research programs: the Better Communication Research Program and Child Talk, including exploratory studies of the views of parents and children regarding speech-language pathology and studies of current practice by SLPs in England. Systematic reviews of the research literature were also undertaken...
June 2015: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Sherine R Tambyraja, Kelly Farquharson, Jessica A R Logan, Laura M Justice
PURPOSE: Children with language impairment (LI) often demonstrate difficulties with word decoding. Research suggests that child-level (i.e., phonological processing) and environmental-level (i.e., classroom quality) factors both contribute to decoding skills in typically developing children. The present study examined the extent to which these same factors influence the decoding skills of children with LI, and the extent to which classroom quality moderates the relationship between phonological processing and decoding...
May 2015: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Megan Y Roberts, Ann P Kaiser
OBJECTIVE: Early interventions for toddlers with expressive and receptive language delays have not resulted in positive expressive language outcomes. This randomized controlled trial tested the effects on language outcomes of a caregiver-implemented communication intervention targeting toddlers at risk for persistent language delays. METHODS: Participants included 97 toddlers, who were between 24 and 42 months with language scores at least 1.33 SDs below the normative mean and no other developmental delays, and their caregivers...
April 2015: Pediatrics
Jennifer Kent-Walsh, Cathy Binger, Carolyn Buchanan
PURPOSE: This study investigated the effects of a direct intervention program involving aided modeling and the presentation of contrastive targets on the aided production of inverted yes/no questions and possible generalization to other sentence types by children using augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). METHOD: A single-case, multiple-probe, experimental design across participants was used to evaluate the effects of the instructional program with 3 children who had motor speech disorders and used AAC (ages 4;10 [years;months], 6;2, and 4;9)...
May 2015: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Tim Gomersall, Sarah Spencer, Hasan Basarir, Aki Tsuchiya, Judy Clegg, Anthea Sutton, Kath Dickinson
BACKGROUND: Children's and adolescent's speech and language difficulties (SaLD) can affect various domains of quality of life (QoL), and speech and language therapy interventions are critical to improving QoL. Systematically measuring QoL outcomes in this population is highly complex due to factors such as heterogeneity in impairments and differing targets during intervention. However, measurements of QoL are increasingly required by healthcare commissioners and policy-makers to inform resource allocation...
July 2015: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Barbara A Lewis, Lisa Freebairn, Jessica Tag, Allison A Ciesla, Sudha K Iyengar, Catherine M Stein, H Gerry Taylor
PURPOSE: In this study, the authors determined adolescent speech, language, and literacy outcomes of individuals with histories of early childhood speech sound disorders (SSD) with and without comorbid language impairment (LI) and examined factors associated with these outcomes. METHOD: This study used a prospective longitudinal design. Participants with SSD (n = 170), enrolled at early childhood (4-6 years) were followed at adolescence (11-18 years) and were compared to individuals with no histories of speech or language impairment (no SSD; n = 146) on measures of speech, language, and literacy...
May 2015: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Anacléia Melo da Silva Hilgenberg, Carolina Costa Cardoso, Fernanda Ferreira Caldas, Renata de Sousa Tschiedel, Tatiana Medeiros Deperon, Fayez Bahmad Jr
INTRODUCTION: Auditory rehabilitation in children with bilateral severe-to-profound sensorineural hearing loss with cochlear implant has been developed in recent decades; however, the rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy still remains a challenge to otolaryngology and speech therapy professionals. OBJECTIVE: To verify the effectiveness of cochlear implants in the development of auditory and language skills in children with cerebral palsy. METHODS: A prospective analytical study...
May 2015: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Adam P Vogel, Joanne Folker, Matthew L Poole
BACKGROUND: Hereditary ataxia syndromes can result in significant speech impairment, a symptom thought to be responsive to treatment. The type of speech impairment most commonly reported in hereditary ataxias is dysarthria. Dysarthria is a collective term referring to a group of movement disorders affecting the muscular control of speech. Dysarthria affects the ability of individuals to communicate and to participate in society. This in turn reduces quality of life. Given the harmful impact of speech disorder on a person's functioning, treatment of speech impairment in these conditions is important and evidence-based interventions are needed...
October 28, 2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Susan Nittrouer, Amanda Caldwell-Tarr, Emily Sansom, Jill Twersky, Joanna H Lowenstein
PURPOSE: Cochlear implants (CIs) can facilitate the acquisition of spoken language for deaf children, but challenges remain. Language skills dependent on phonological sensitivity are most at risk for these children, so having an effective way to diagnose problems at this level would be of value for school speech-language pathologists. The goal of this study was to assess whether a nonword repetition (NWR) task could serve that purpose. METHOD: Participants were 104 second graders: 49 with normal hearing (NH) and 55 with CIs...
November 2014: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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