Read by QxMD icon Read

Speech Language Impairment AND treatment AND outcome measures

Marisa Lousada, Margarida Ramalho, Carolina Marques
OBJECTIVE: This paper investigates the effectiveness of the Language Intervention Programme for the treatment of 14 preschool-aged children with primary language impairment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used a waiting list control design, in which half the sample (7 children) received immediate intervention with the Language Intervention Programme, whereas the remaining children received treatment after a 4-week delay. The intervention consisted of 8 individual biweekly sessions...
September 30, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Bertrand Glize, Marie Villain, Laura Richert, Isabelle DE Gabory, Jean M Mazaux, Patrick Dehail, Igor Sibon, Pierre A Joseph
BACKGROUND: Aphasia recovery remains difficult to predict initially in particular for the most severe cases. The features of impaired verbal communication which are the basis for cognitive-linguistic diagnosis and treatment could be part of prediction of recovery from aphasia. AIM: This study investigated whether some components of language screening in the acute phase of stroke are reliable prognostic factors for language recovery in the post-acute phase. DESIGN: Monocentric prospective study POPULATION: Eighty-six patients aged between 21 and 92 years (mean=67...
July 14, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Mary Beth Schmitt, Laura M Justice, Jessica A R Logan
BACKGROUND: Treatment intensity is an important factor in designing and delivering treatments to children with language impairment (LI). However, to date very little is understood about cumulative intervention intensity for children with LI in the US public school system. AIMS: To examine treatment intensity (dose: time spent on language; frequency: number of sessions; duration: one academic year) as delivered to children with LI within US public schools and to explore its relation to children's language outcomes...
July 5, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Nicola A Clayton, Gulsen Ellul, Elizabeth C Ward, Amanda Scott, Peter K Maitz
Burn injury to the face can lead to scarring and contractures that may impair oral competence for articulation, feeding, airway intubation access, oral/dental hygiene, aesthetics, and facial expression. Although a range of therapy interventions has been discussed for preventing contracture formation, there is minimal information on current practice patterns. This research examined patterns of clinical practice for orofacial burns management during a 4-year period to determine the nature and extent of clinical consistency in current care...
June 28, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Ramesh Kaipa, Michelle L Danser
OBJECTIVES: Auditory verbal therapy (AVT) is one of the primary treatment approaches for developing spoken language in children with hearing impairment (HI), but its outcomes have not been thoroughly investigated. The current study aimed to systematically review past studies investigating AVT outcomes in children with HI. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in six databases. Fourteen articles that met the final inclusion criteria were grouped under three categories based on the outcome measures: receptive and expressive language development, auditory/speech perception and mainstreaming...
July 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Janaki M Torrence, Carolyn R Baylor, Kathryn M Yorkston, Kristie A Spencer
PURPOSE: In speech-language pathology, there is increasing attention on participation-focused interventions to optimize participation in valued life roles. The purpose of this study was to investigate how speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in the United States address life participation in therapy programs, as well as their opinions regarding barriers and facilitators to participation-focused intervention. METHOD: An online questionnaire presented case scenarios for aphasia, dysarthria, and laryngectomy to 66 SLPs who have worked with adults...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Karen Gordon, Yael Henkin, Andrej Kral
Deafness affects ∼2 in 1000 children and is one of the most common congenital impairments. Permanent hearing loss can be treated by fitting hearing aids. More severe to profound deafness is an indication for cochlear implantation. Although newborn hearing screening programs have increased the identification of asymmetric hearing loss, parents and caregivers of children with single-sided deafness are often hesitant to pursue therapy for the deaf ear. Delayed intervention has consequences for recovery of hearing...
July 2015: Pediatrics
Grainne C Brady, Paul N Carding, Jaishree Bhosle, Justin W G Roe
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Advanced lung cancer can cause changes to swallowing and communication function. Direct tumour invasion, dyspnoea and deconditioning can all impact on swallowing function and communication. Cancer treatment, if administered, may cause or compound symptoms. In this study, the nature of swallowing and communication difficulties in patients with advanced lung cancer will be discussed, and management options including medical management, speech and language therapy (SLT) intervention, and surgical interventions will be considered...
June 2015: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
Jaumeiko J Coleman, Tobi Frymark, Nicole M Franceschini, Deborah G Theodoros
PURPOSE: This is a systematic review of assessment and treatment of cognitive and communicative abilities of individuals with acquired brain injury via telepractice versus in person. The a priori clinical questions were informed by previous research that highlights the importance of considering any functional implications of outcomes, determining disorder- and setting-specific concerns, and measuring the potential impact of diagnostic accuracy and treatment efficacy data on interpretation of findings...
May 2015: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Sherine R Tambyraja, Kelly Farquharson, Jessica A R Logan, Laura M Justice
PURPOSE: Children with language impairment (LI) often demonstrate difficulties with word decoding. Research suggests that child-level (i.e., phonological processing) and environmental-level (i.e., classroom quality) factors both contribute to decoding skills in typically developing children. The present study examined the extent to which these same factors influence the decoding skills of children with LI, and the extent to which classroom quality moderates the relationship between phonological processing and decoding...
May 2015: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Ineke Wilssens, Dorien Vandenborre, Kim van Dun, Jo Verhoeven, Evy Visch-Brink, Peter Mariën
OBJECTIVE: The authors compared the effectiveness of 2 intensive therapy methods: Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy (CIAT; Pulvermüller et al., 2001) and semantic therapy (BOX; Visch-Brink & Bajema, 2001). METHOD: Nine patients with chronic fluent aphasia participated in a therapy program to establish behavioral treatment outcomes. Participants were randomly assigned to one of two groups (CIAT or BOX). RESULTS: Intensive therapy significantly improved verbal communication...
May 2015: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Marcella Carragher, Karen Sage, Paul Conroy
BACKGROUND: Capturing evidence of the effects of therapy within everyday communication is the holy grail of aphasia treatment design and evaluation. Whilst impaired sentence production is a predominant symptom of Broca's-type aphasia, the effects of sentence production therapy on everyday conversation have not been investigated. Given the context-sensitive nature of spoken production by people with aphasia, it is difficult to extrapolate implications for everyday conversation based on results from task-based assessment (such as picture description, story retell or interview)...
May 2015: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Peter W Hashim, Eric D Brooks, John A Persing, Hannah Reuman, Adam Naples, Roberto Travieso, Jordan Terner, Derek Steinbacher, Nicole Landi, Linda Mayes, James C McPartland
BACKGROUND: Patients with single-suture craniosynostosis (SSC) are at an elevated risk for long-term learning disabilities. Such adverse outcomes indicate that the early development of neural processing in SSC may be abnormal. At present, however, the precise functional derangements of the developing brain remain largely unknown. Event-related potentials (ERPs) are a form of noninvasive neuroimaging that provide direct measurements of cortical activity and have shown value in predicting long-term cognitive functioning...
January 2015: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Adam P Vogel, Joanne Folker, Matthew L Poole
BACKGROUND: Hereditary ataxia syndromes can result in significant speech impairment, a symptom thought to be responsive to treatment. The type of speech impairment most commonly reported in hereditary ataxias is dysarthria. Dysarthria is a collective term referring to a group of movement disorders affecting the muscular control of speech. Dysarthria affects the ability of individuals to communicate and to participate in society. This in turn reduces quality of life. Given the harmful impact of speech disorder on a person's functioning, treatment of speech impairment in these conditions is important and evidence-based interventions are needed...
2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Ann A Tyler, Heather Osterhouse, Katherine Wickham, Robert Mcnutt, Yuanyuan Shao
The purpose of this study was to determine whether gains would be observed in an integrated group of 4-year-olds when phoneme awareness skills were explicitly taught by trained early childhood educators. In a quasi-experimental design with a delayed treatment approach, one classroom (N = 14) was randomly assigned to receive the instructional program in fall, while a second classroom (N = 10) served as a control and subsequently received the program in spring. Baseline assessment of speech and language skills indicated there were four participants with speech and/or language impairments...
July 2014: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Vivian Sisskin, Samantha Wasilus
Atypical disfluency is a frustrating but little addressed clinical problem. The purpose of this article and case study was to summarize what is known about atypical fluency profiles and to describe the presenting behaviors and successful treatment of an unusual fluency profile (numerous word-final syllable repetitions) in a school-aged child. To this end, we describe the speech fluency and associated communication characteristics of a young boy diagnosed with Asperger disorder who was between 7;2 and 8;0 when seen for evaluation and treatment...
May 2014: Seminars in Speech and Language
Erin Godecke, Natalie A Ciccone, Andrew S Granger, Tapan Rai, Deborah West, Angela Cream, Jade Cartwright, Graeme J Hankey
BACKGROUND: Very early aphasia rehabilitation studies have shown mixed results. Differences in therapy intensity and therapy type contribute significantly to the equivocal results. AIMS: To compare a standardized, prescribed very early aphasia therapy regimen with a historical usual care control group at therapy completion (4-5 weeks post-stroke) and again at follow-up (6 months). METHODS & PROCEDURES: This study compared two cohorts from successive studies conducted in four Australian acute/sub-acute hospitals...
March 2014: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Susan H Ebbels, Nataša Marić, Aoife Murphy, Gail Turner
BACKGROUND: Little evidence exists for the effectiveness of therapy for children with receptive language difficulties, particularly those whose difficulties are severe and persistent. AIMS: To establish the effectiveness of explicit speech and language therapy with visual support for secondary school-aged children with language impairments focusing on comprehension of coordinating conjunctions in a randomized control trial with an assessor blind to group status...
January 2014: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Paul J Yoder, Dennis Molfese, Micah M Murray, Alexandra P F Key
Typically developing (TD) preschoolers and age-matched preschoolers with specific language impairment (SLI) received event-related potentials (ERPs) to four monosyllabic speech sounds prior to treatment and, in the SLI group, after 6 months of grammatical treatment. Before treatment, the TD group processed speech sounds faster than the SLI group. The SLI group increased the speed of their speech processing after treatment. Posttreatment speed of speech processing predicted later impairment in comprehending phrase elaboration in the SLI group...
2013: Developmental Neuropsychology
Deborah M James, Meghana B Wadnerkar-Kamble, Christa Lam-Cassettari
BACKGROUND: Recent research shows that parental sensitivity can explain a significant and unique amount of growth in speech and language outcomes in children with cochlear implants. In this intervention study we explored the impact of an intervention designed to support parental sensitivity on children's communication development. AIMS: This study tests the effect of a complex intervention in the context of childhood hearing impairment using a case study design of three families...
November 2013: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"