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Language Disorders AND TREATMENT AND EVIDENCE

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144549/zuclopenthixol-dihydrochloride-for-schizophrenia
#1
REVIEW
Edward J Bryan, Marie Ann Purcell, Ajit Kumar
BACKGROUND: Oral zuclopenthixol dihydrochloride (Clopixol) is an anti-psychotic treatment for people with psychotic symptoms, especially those with schizophrenia. It is associated with neuroleptic malignant syndrome, a prolongation of the QTc interval, extra-pyramidal reactions, venous thromboembolism and may modify insulin and glucose responses. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of zuclopenthixol dihydrochloride for treatment of schizophrenia. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's Trials Register (latest search 09 June 2015)...
November 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110304/beta-blockers-for-preventing-aortic-dissection-in-marfan-syndrome
#2
REVIEW
Hyun-Kyoung Koo, Kendra Ak Lawrence, Vijaya M Musini
BACKGROUND: Marfan syndrome is a hereditary disorder affecting the connective tissue and is caused by a mutation of the fibrillin-1 (FBN1) gene. It affects multiple systems of the body, most notably the cardiovascular, ocular, skeletal, dural and pulmonary systems. Aortic root dilatation is the most frequent cardiovascular manifestation and its complications, including aortic regurgitation, dissection and rupture are the main cause of morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term efficacy and safety of beta-blocker therapy as compared to placebo, no treatment or surveillance only in people with Marfan syndrome...
November 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107998/impact-of-surgical-parathyroidectomy-on-chronic-kidney-disease-mineral-and-bone-disorder-ckd-mbd-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Mugurel Apetrii, David Goldsmith, Ionut Nistor, Dimitrie Siriopol, Luminita Voroneanu, Dragos Scripcariu, Marc Vervloet, Adrian Covic
For more than 6 decades, many patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) have undergone surgical parathyroidectomy (sPTX) for severe secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) mainly based historical clinical practice patterns, but not on evidence of outcome.We aimed in this meta-analysis to evaluate the benefits and harms of sPTX in patients with SHPT. We searched MEDLINE (inception to October 2016), EMBASE and Cochrane Library (through Issue 10 of 12, October 2016) and website clinicaltrials.gov (October 2016) without language restriction...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099623/event-centrality-influences-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-via-core-beliefs-in-internally-displaced-older-adults
#4
John Bosco Chika Chukwuorji, Chuka Mike Ifeagwazi, John E Eze
OBJECTIVES: There is substantial evidence regarding the role of event centrality (EC) in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, but little research has examined the explanatory pathways linking EC with PTSD symptoms severity. The present study examined whether core beliefs (CB) mediates the relationship between EC and PTSD symptoms in internally displaced older adults. METHOD: Internally displaced older adults (N = 279; mean age = 62 years) sheltered in two camps located in north-central Nigeria, completed Tiv language versions of self-report measures, namely, the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire, the Centrality of Event Scale, Core Beliefs Inventory, and provided relevant demographic information...
November 3, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084357/adverse-events-associated-with-medium-and-long-term-use-of-opioids-for-chronic-non-cancer-pain-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#5
REVIEW
Charl Els, Tanya D Jackson, Diane Kunyk, Vernon G Lappi, Barend Sonnenberg, Reidar Hagtvedt, Sangita Sharma, Fariba Kolahdooz, Sebastian Straube
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is common and can be challenging to manage. Despite increased utilisation of opioids, the safety and efficacy of long-term use of these compounds for chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP) remains controversial. This overview of Cochrane Reviews complements the overview entitled 'High-dose opioids for chronic non-cancer pain: an overview of Cochrane Reviews'. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the occurrence and nature of adverse events associated with any opioid agent (any dose, frequency, or route of administration) used on a medium- or long-term basis for the treatment of CNCP in adults...
October 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083536/bipolar-disorder-in-pregnancy-a-review-of-pregnancy-outcomes
#6
REVIEW
Debra A Scrandis
INTRODUCTION: Women with bipolar disorder may benefit from continuation of their medications during pregnancy, but there may be risks to the fetus associated with some of these medications. This article examines the evidence relating to the effect of bipolar disorder and pharmacologic treatments for bipolar disorder on pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL, ProQuest Dissertation & Theses, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched for English-language studies published between 2000 and 2017, excluding case reports and integrative reviews...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055129/desmopressin-for-treating-nocturia-in-men
#7
REVIEW
Julia Han, Jae Hung Jung, Caitlin J Bakker, Mark H Ebell, Philipp Dahm
BACKGROUND: Nocturia is the bothersome symptom of awakening one or more times per night to void. Desmopressin is a commonly used medication for treating nocturia. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of desmopressin as compared to other interventions in the treatment of nocturia in men. SEARCH METHODS: We performed a comprehensive search of medical literature with no restrictions on the language of publication or publication status. The date of the latest search of all databases was August 2017...
October 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053658/low-level-laser-therapy-for-treatment-of-neurosensory-disorders-after-orthognathic-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#8
M-A-V Bittencourt, L-R Paranhos, P-R-S Martins-Filho
BACKGROUND: Low-level laser has been widely used in Dentistry and many studies have focused on its application in oral surgeries. This study was conducted with the aim of searching for scientific evidence concerning the effectiveness of laser to reduce pain or paresthesia related to orthognathic surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic search was performed in PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, LILACS, SciELO, CENTRAL, Google Scholar, OpenGrey, and ClinicalTrials...
November 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973626/delirium-in-older-persons-advances-in-diagnosis-and-treatment
#9
REVIEW
Esther S Oh, Tamara G Fong, Tammy T Hshieh, Sharon K Inouye
Importance: Delirium is defined as an acute disorder of attention and cognition. It is a common, serious, and often fatal condition among older patients. Although often underrecognized, delirium has serious adverse effects on the individual's function and quality of life, as well as broad societal effects with substantial health care costs. Objective: To summarize the current state of the art in diagnosis and treatment of delirium and to highlight critical areas for future research to advance the field...
September 26, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967161/the-science-behind-the-academy-for-eating-disorders-nine-truths-about-eating-disorders
#10
REVIEW
Katherine Schaumberg, Elisabeth Welch, Lauren Breithaupt, Christopher Hübel, Jessica H Baker, Melissa A Munn-Chernoff, Zeynep Yilmaz, Stefan Ehrlich, Linda Mustelin, Ata Ghaderi, Andrew J Hardaway, Emily C Bulik-Sullivan, Anna M Hedman, Andreas Jangmo, Ida A K Nilsson, Camilla Wiklund, Shuyang Yao, Maria Seidel, Cynthia M Bulik
OBJECTIVE: In 2015, the Academy for Eating Disorders collaborated with international patient, advocacy, and parent organizations to craft the 'Nine Truths About Eating Disorders'. This document has been translated into over 30 languages and has been distributed globally to replace outdated and erroneous stereotypes about eating disorders with factual information. In this paper, we review the state of the science supporting the 'Nine Truths'. METHODS: The literature supporting each of the 'Nine Truths' was reviewed, summarized and richly annotated...
November 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940256/chlorpromazine-versus-penfluridol-for-schizophrenia
#11
REVIEW
Naemeh Nikvarz, Mostafa Vahedian, Navid Khalili
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of chlorpromazine, a benchmark antipsychotic, has not been fully assessed in direct comparison with different individual antipsychotics. Penfluridol is another old antipsychotic with a long half-life so one oral dose may last up to one week. This could confer advantage. OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical effects of chlorpromazine compared with penfluridol for adults with schizophrenia. SEARCH METHODS: On 31 March 2017, we searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's Study-Based Register of Trials which is based on regular searches of CINAHL, BIOSIS, AMED, Embase, PubMed, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and registries of clinical trials...
September 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921528/practitioner-review-treatment-of-chronic-insomnia-in-children-and-adolescents-with-neurodevelopmental-disabilities
#12
REVIEW
Oliviero Bruni, Marco Angriman, Fabrizio Calisti, Alessandro Comandini, Giovanna Esposito, Samuele Cortese, Raffaele Ferri
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances, in particular insomnia, represent a common problem in children with neurodevelopmental disabilities (NDDs). Currently, there are no approved medications for insomnia in children by the US Food and Drug Administration or European Medicines Agency and therefore they are prescribed off-label. We critically reviewed pediatric literature on drugs as well as nonpharmacological (behavioral) interventions used for sleep disturbances in children with NDDs. METHODS: PubMed, Ovid (including PsycINFO, Ovid MEDLINE(®) , and Embase), and Web of Knowledge databases were searched through February 12, 2017, with no language restrictions...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919760/attitudes-toward-antipsychotic-treatment-among-patients-with-bipolar-disorders-and-their-clinicians-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Martha Sajatovic, Faith DiBiasi, Susan N Legacy
INTRODUCTION: Antipsychotics are recommended as first-line therapy for acute mania and maintenance treatment of bipolar disorder; however, published literature suggests their real-world use remains limited. Understanding attitudes toward these medications may help identify barriers and inform personalized therapy. This literature review evaluated patient and clinician attitudes toward the use of antipsychotics for treating bipolar disorder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of the Cochrane Library, Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, and BIOSIS Previews identified English language articles published between January 1, 2000, and June 15, 2016, that reported attitudinal data from patients, health care professionals, or caregivers; treatment decision-making; or patient characteristics that predicted antipsychotic use for bipolar disorder...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905166/efficacy-of-a-self-help-treatment-for-at-risk-and-pathological-gamblers
#14
Catherine Boudreault, Isabelle Giroux, Christian Jacques, Annie Goulet, Hélène Simoneau, Robert Ladouceur
Available evidence suggests that self-help treatments may reduce problem gambling severity but inconsistencies of results across clinical trials leave the extent of their benefits unclear. Moreover, no self-help treatment has yet been validated within a French Canadian setting. The current study therefore assesses the efficacy of a French language self-help treatment including three motivational telephone interviews spread over an 11-week period and a cognitive-behavioral self-help workbook. At-risk and pathological gamblers were randomly assigned to the treatment group (n = 31) or the waiting list (n = 31)...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882808/mobile-phone-interventions-for-sleep-disorders-and-sleep-quality-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Jong Cheol Shin, Julia Kim, Diana Grigsby-Toussaint
BACKGROUND: Although mobile health technologies have been developed for interventions to improve sleep disorders and sleep quality, evidence of their effectiveness remains limited. OBJECTIVE: A systematic literature review was performed to determine the effectiveness of mobile technology interventions for improving sleep disorders and sleep quality. METHODS: Four electronic databases (EBSCOhost, PubMed/Medline, Scopus, and Web of Science) were searched for articles on mobile technology and sleep interventions published between January 1983 and December 2016...
September 7, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878697/dietary-supplement-for-core-symptoms-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-where-are-we-now-and-where-should-we-go
#16
REVIEW
Yong-Jiang Li, Jian-Jun Ou, Ya-Min Li, Da-Xiong Xiang
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are a class of severe and chronic conditions and core symptoms are deficits in social interaction, language communication impairments, and repetitive/stereotyped behavior. Given the limitations of available treatments and substantially increased prevalence of the disease, additional interventions are needed. Since the use of dietary supplements for ASD is of high prevalence, up-to-date information about those supplements are required for both parents and clinicians. Relevant articles were identified through a systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library, and PsychINFO databases (through May 2017)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856504/symptoms-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-in-individuals-with-mucopolysaccharide-disease-type-iii-sanfilippo-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#17
C Wolfenden, A Wittkowski, D J Hare
The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in many genetic disorders is well documented but not as yet in Mucopolysaccharidosis type III (MPS III). MPS III is a recessively inherited metabolic disorder and evidence suggests that symptoms of ASD present in MPS III. This systematic review examined the extant literature on the symptoms of ASD in MPS III and quality assessed a total of 16 studies. Results indicated that difficulties within speech, language and communication consistent with ASD were present in MPS III, whilst repetitive and restricted behaviours and interests were less widely reported...
November 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856093/from-word-reading-to-multisentence-comprehension-improvements-in-brain-activity-in-children-with-autism-after-reading-intervention
#18
Donna L Murdaugh, Jose O Maximo, Claire E Cordes, Sarah E O'Kelley, Rajesh K Kana
BACKGROUND: Children with ASD show a unique reading profile characterized by decoding abilities equivalent to verbal abilities, but with lower comprehension skills. Neuroimaging studies have found recruitment of regions primarily associated with visual processing (e.g., fusiform gyrus and medial parietal cortex), but reduced activation in frontal and temporal regions, when reading in adults with ASD. The purpose of this study was to assess neural changes associated with an intense reading intervention program in children with ASD using three fMRI tasks of reading...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836659/zonisamide-for-essential-tremor
#19
REVIEW
Elisa Bruno, Alessandra Nicoletti, Graziella Filippini, Graziella Quattrocchi, Carlo Colosimo, Mario Zappia
BACKGROUND: Essential tremor (ET) is one of the most common movement disorders. The treatment is primarily based on pharmacological agents. Although primidone and propranolol are well established treatments in clinical practice, they can be ineffective in 25% to 55% of patients, and can produce serious adverse events in a large percentage of them. For these reasons, it may be worthwhile evaluating the treatment alternatives for ET. Zonisamide has been suggested as a potentially useful agent for the treatment of ET but there is uncertainty about its efficacy and safety...
August 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807487/exploring-how-prison-based-drug-rehabilitation-programming-shapes-racial-disparities-in-substance-use-disorder-recovery
#20
Erin M Kerrison
Prison-based therapeutic community (TC) programming is derived from the perspective that drug addiction is primarily symptomatic of cognitive dysfunction, poor emotional management, and underdeveloped self-reliance skills, and can be addressed in a collaborative space where a strong ideological commitment to moral reform and personal responsibility is required of its members. In this space, evidence of rehabilitation is largely centered on the client's relationship to language and the public adoption of a "broken self" narrative...
August 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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