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ARC syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912901/individualized-versus-conventional-ovarian-stimulation-for-in%C3%A2-vitro-fertilization-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-assessor-blinded-phase-3-noninferiority-trial
#1
Anders Nyboe Andersen, Scott M Nelson, Bart C J M Fauser, Juan Antonio García-Velasco, Bjarke M Klein, Joan-Carles Arce
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of follitropin delta, a new human recombinant FSH with individualized dosing based on serum antimüllerian hormone (AMH) and body weight, with conventional follitropin alfa dosing for ovarian stimulation in women undergoing IVF. DESIGN: Randomized, multicenter, assessor-blinded, noninferiority trial (ESTHER-1). SETTING: Reproductive medicine clinics. PATIENT(S): A total of 1,329 women (aged 18-40 years)...
November 22, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890893/successful-coil-embolization-of-an-aneurysm-in-the-arc-of-b%C3%A3-hler
#2
Fumie Sugihara, Satoru Murata, Fumio Uchiyama, Jun Watari, Hiroto Tajima, Shin-Ichiro Kumita
In the present report, we describe a case of a patient with an asymptomatic aneurysm in the arc of Bühler (AOB), which was successfully treated by transcatheter arterial embolization. The patient presented with severe stenosis of the celiac trunk, which was suspected to be due to median arcuate ligament syndrome. Arteriography of the superior mesenteric artery indicated a rapid stream in an aneurysm in the AOB. Hence, embolization was carefully performed using detachable coils and microcoils. An arteriography performed after embolization did not show any aneurysm, and the hepatic artery and splenic artery could be detected via the pancreatic arcade, originating from the superior mesenteric artery...
2016: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729116/msx1-gene-polymorphisms-in-mexican-patients-with-non-syndromic-cleft-lip-palate
#3
Aurora Ibarra-Arce, Tania Albavera-Giles, Beatriz Zavaleta-Villa, Gabriela Ortiz de Zárate-Alarcón, Laura Flores-Peña, María Del Carmen Sierra-Romero, Mirza Romero-Valdovinos, Angélica Olivo-Díaz
OBJECTIVE: Non-syndromic cleft lip/palate malformation (CL/P) is one of the most common birth defects in humans and has a complex etiology involving genetic and environmental factors. Mutations in the MSX1 gene are critical during craniofacial development. The purpose of this study was to investigate the contribution of MSX1 gene polymorphisms to the risk of developing CL/P in a sample of Mexican patients. METHODS: The sample consisted of 282 subjects (69 cases and 213 relatives)...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669829/chronic-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-clinical-and-manometric-characteristics-in-the-chilean-population
#4
Edith Pérez de Arce, Glauben Landskron, Sandra Hirsch, Carlos Defilippi, Ana María Madrid
Background/Aims: Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a rare syndrome characterized by a failure of the propulsion of intraluminal content and recurrent symptoms of partial bowel obstruction in the absence of mechanical obstruction. Regional variations of the intestinal compromise have been described. Intestinal manometry can indicate the pathophysiology and prognosis. Our objective is to establish the demographic and clinical characteristics of group Chilean patients and analyze the motility of the small intestine and its prognostic value...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667557/blood-brain-barrier-changes-in-high-altitude
#5
José V Lafuente, Garazi Bermudez, Lorena Camargo-Arce, Susana Bulnes
Cerebral syndromes related to high-altitude exposure are becoming more frequent as the number of trips to high altitudes has increased in the last decade. The commonest symptom is headache, followed by acute mountain sickness (AMS) and high-altitude cerebral edema (HACE), which can be fatal. The pathophysiology of these syndromes is not fully understood. The classical "tight-fit hypothesis" posits that there are some anatomical variations that would obstruct the sinovenous outflow and worsen vasogenic edema and intracranial hypertension reactive to hypoxia...
2016: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665725/kisspeptin-mrna-expression-is-increased-in-the-posterior-hypothalamus-in-the-rat-model-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#6
Toshiya Matsuzaki, Altankhuu Tungalagsuvd, Takeshi Iwasa, Munkhsaikhan Munkhzaya, Rie Yanagihara, Takako Tokui, Kiyohito Yano, Yiliyasi Mayila, Takeshi Kato, Akira Kuwahara, Sumika Matsui, Minoru Irahara
Hypersecretion of luteinizing hormone (LH) is a common endocrinological finding of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This derangement might have a close relationship with hypothalamic kisspeptin expression that is thought to be a key regulator of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). We evaluated the relationship between the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis (HPG axis) and kisspeptin using a rat model of PCOS induced by letrozole. Letrozole pellets (0.4 mg/day) and control pellets were placed subcutaneously onto the backs of 3-week-old female Wistar rats...
September 24, 2016: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660560/a-kindler-syndrome-associated-squamous-cell-carcinoma-treated-with-radiotherapy
#7
Ademar Caldeira, William Correia Trinca, Thais Pires Flores, Andrea Barleze Costa, Claudio de Sá Brito, Karen Loureiro Weigert, Maryana Schwartzhaupt Matos, Carmela Nicolini, Fernando Mariano Obst
Kindler syndrome1, 2 is a genetic disorder mainly characterized by increased skin fragility and photosensitivity,3, 4 making the use of treatments based on radiation difficult or even prohibited. Thus, cases reporting Kindler syndrome patients treated with radiotherapy are rare. In this study, we report clinical outcomes and care provided for a rare case of a Kindler syndrome patient submitted to radiotherapy. Diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma involving the buccal mucosa, the patient was exclusively treated with radiotherapy, with 70 Gy delivered on the PTV with the Volumetric Modulated Arc technique...
November 2016: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638073/acute-unilateral-loss-of-vestibular-function
#8
M Fetter
Sudden unilateral loss of vestibular function is the most severe condition that can occur in the vestibular system. The clinical syndrome is caused by the physiologic properties of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) arc. In the normal situation, the two peripheral vestibular end organs are connected to a functional unit in coplanar pairs of semicircular canals working in a push-pull mode. "Push-pull" mode means that, when one side is excited, the other side is inhibited, and vice versa due to two mechanisms...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598274/-parasitosis-and-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#9
Catalina Ibarra, Valentina Herrera, Edith Pérez de Arce, Luis Carlos Gil, Ana María Madrid, Lucía Valenzuela, Caroll J Beltrán
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional disorder of the gastrointestinal tract characterised by multi-factorial aetiology. In IBS physiopathology are involved diverse factors between them biological, psychosocial, and environmental components which affect the immune activation status of gut mucosa. Among these factors is recognized the intestinal parasitosis. Post-infection IBS (PI-IBS) is recognised as a subgroup of functional disorders whose symptoms onset appear after a symptomatic intestinal infection caused by microbial agents...
June 2016: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594946/lessons-learned-from-a-case-of-multivessel-median-arcuate-ligament-syndrome-in-the-setting-of-an-arc-of-buhler
#10
Kevin O'Brien, Hector Ferral
The median arcuate ligament (MAL) can rarely compress both the celiac axis and superior mesenteric artery. We present a case of a 70-year male who presented with isolated episodes of upper abdominal pain and diarrhea associated with sweats and nausea. Angiography images demonstrated complete occlusion of the celiac axis and compression of the superior mesenteric artery during the expiration phases. The celiac axis was reconstituted distal to its origin by a patent Arc of Buhler. Other reported cases of multivessel MALs have produced severe symptoms in young adults requiring surgical and/or endovascular intervention...
September 2016: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586007/the-absence-of-5-ht4-receptors-modulates-depression-and-anxiety-like-responses-and-influences-the-response-of-fluoxetine-in-olfactory-bulbectomised-mice-adaptive-changes-in-hippocampal-neuroplasticity-markers-and-5-ht1a-autoreceptor
#11
J Amigó, A Díaz, F Pilar-Cuéllar, R Vidal, A Martín, V Compan, A Pazos, E Castro
Preclinical studies support a critical role of 5-HT4 receptors (5-HT4Rs) in depression and anxiety, but their influence in depression- and anxiety-like behaviours and the effects of antidepressants remain partly unknown. We evaluated 5-HT4R knockout (KO) mice in different anxiety and depression paradigms and mRNA expression of some neuroplasticity markers (BDNF, trkB and Arc) and the functionality of 5-HT1AR. Moreover, the implication of 5-HT4Rs in the behavioural and molecular effects of chronically administered fluoxetine was assessed in naïve and olfactory bulbectomized mice (OBX) of both genotypes...
December 2016: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567735/retrospective-4d-mr-image-construction-from-free-breathing-slice-acquisitions-a-novel-graph-based-approach
#12
Yubing Tong, Jayaram K Udupa, Krzysztof C Ciesielski, Caiyun Wu, Joseph M McDonough, David A Mong, Robert M Campbell
PURPOSE: Dynamic or 4D imaging of the thorax has many applications. Both prospective and retrospective respiratory gating and tracking techniques have been developed for 4D imaging via CT and MRI. For pediatric imaging, due to radiation concerns, MRI becomes the de facto modality of choice. In thoracic insufficiency syndrome (TIS), patients often suffer from extreme malformations of the chest wall, diaphragm, and/or spine with inability of the thorax to support normal respiration or lung growth (Campbell et al...
January 2017: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511975/sex-differences-in-nonculprit-coronary-plaque-microstructures-on-frequency-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-in-acute-coronary-syndromes-and-stable-coronary-artery-disease
#13
Yu Kataoka, Rishi Puri, Muhammad Hammadah, Bhanu Duggal, Kiyoko Uno, Samir R Kapadia, E Murat Tuzcu, Steven E Nissen, Peta King, Stephen J Nicholls
BACKGROUND: Numerous reports suggest sex-related differences in atherosclerosis. Frequency-domain optical coherence tomography has enabled visualization of plaque microstructures associated with disease instability. The prevalence of plaque microstructures between sexes has not been characterized. We investigated sex differences in plaque features in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Nonculprit plaques on frequency-domain optical coherence tomography imaging were compared between men and women with either stable coronary artery disease (n=320) or acute coronary syndromes (n=115)...
August 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505960/-clinical-research-on-the-efficiency-of-physical-examinations-used-for-diagnosis-of-subacromial-impingement-syndrome
#14
Cheng-wei Chen, Zhe-er Pan, Chao Zhang, Cai-long Liu, Lei Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability and diagnosis accuracy of 5 special tests used for the diagnosis of subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). METHODS: A prospective blinded cohort study was taken,in which 105 patients with shoulder pain were reviewed. All the patients took 5 special syndrome tests including Neer syndrome, Hawkins-Kennedy syndrome, painful arc empty can test and external rotation resistance test, also underwent arthroscopic surgical examination...
May 2016: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503800/glucose-level-determines-excitatory-or-inhibitory-effects-of-adiponectin-on-arcuate-pomc-neuron-activity-and-feeding
#15
Shigetomo Suyama, Fumihiko Maekawa, Yuko Maejima, Naoto Kubota, Takashi Kadowaki, Toshihiko Yada
Adiponectin regulates glucose and lipid metabolism, acting against metabolic syndrome and atherosclerosis. Accumulating evidence suggest that adiponectin acts on the brain including hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC), where proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons play key roles in feeding regulation. Several studies have examined intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of adiponectin and reported opposite effects, increase or decrease of food intake. These reports used different nutritional states. The present study aimed to clarify whether adiponectin exerts distinct effects on food intake and ARC POMC neurons depending on the glucose concentration...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500577/-the-blockade-of-sphenopalatineganglionthrough-the-palatal-approachin-the-present-day-rhinological-practice
#16
V G Borodulin, S V Filimonov
This article deals with the application of the sphenopalatine ganglion blockade in the present-day rhinological practice. The blockade is known to arrest the propagation of pain impulses from the nose and break the rhinocardiac reflex arc. Moreover, it is involved in bleeding control during nasal surgery. The method for the blockade via the palatal route using the modern equipment and imaging techniques is described. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the blockade of sphenopalatine ganglionthrough the palatal approach in the patients who had undergone septoplasty under general and local anesthesia...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496733/arc-syndrome-linked-vps33b-protein-is-required-for-inflammatory-endosomal-maturation-and-signal-termination
#17
Mohammed Ali Akbar, Rajakumar Mandraju, Charles Tracy, Wei Hu, Chandrashekhar Pasare, Helmut Krämer
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and other pattern-recognition receptors (PRRs) sense microbial ligands and initiate signaling to induce inflammatory responses. Although the quality of inflammatory responses is influenced by internalization of TLRs, the role of endosomal maturation in clearing receptors and terminating inflammatory responses is not well understood. Here, we report that Drosophila and mammalian Vps33B proteins play critical roles in the maturation of phagosomes and endosomes following microbial recognition...
August 16, 2016: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452754/-short-term-efficacy-comparison-between-preoperative-three-dimensional-conformal-radiotherapy-and-volumetric-modulated-arc-therapy-concurrently-combined-with-chemotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-locally-advanced-rectal-carcinoma
#18
Lin Xiao, Xin Yu, Yujia Zhu, Weiwei Xiao, Zhifan Zeng, Mengzhong Liu, Rong Zhang, Yuanhong Gao
OBJECTIVE: To compare the short-term efficacy and treatment-related adverse reaction between preoperative three dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) and volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) concurrently combined with chemotherapy in the treatment of locally advanced rectal carcinoma (LARC). METHODS: Clinical data of 334 patients with LARC undergoing preoperative 3D-CRT(172 cases) or VMAT(162 cases) with concurrent Xelox chemotherapy (main protocol: capecitabine plus oxaliplatin) and surgery in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from May 2007 to April 2013 were retrospectively analyzed...
July 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449893/association-of-obesity-and-overweight-with-the-prevalence-of-insulin-resistance-pre-diabetes-and-clinical-biochemical-characteristics-among-infertile-mexican-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Enrique Reyes-Muñoz, Carlos Ortega-González, Nayeli Martínez-Cruz, Lidia Arce-Sánchez, Guadalupe Estrada-Gutierrez, Carlos Moran, Ana Paola Sánchez-Serrano, Rodolfo Higareda-Sánchez, Julio Francisco de la Jara-Díaz
OBJECTIVE: To study the association of obesity and overweight with the prevalence of insulin resistance (IR), pre-diabetes and clinical-biochemical characteristics among infertile Mexican women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. SETTING: Level-three medical institution, an infertility clinic in Mexico City. PARTICIPANTS: We included infertile Mexican women with diagnosis of PCOS according to the Rotterdam criteria: group 1 (n=83), normal weight (body mass index (BMI) 18...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27360538/short-arc-training-effects-on-knee-strength-pain-functional-performance-with-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome-patients-1619-board-272-june-2-8-00-am-9-30-am
#20
Damla Tok, Gulcan Harput, Volga Bayrakci Tunay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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