keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Viral hepatitis children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425257/role-of-hygienic-factors-in-the-etiology-of-allergic-disorders-in-children
#1
Şule Yeşil, Ahmet Kan, Olkar Abdulmajed, Arzu Bakirtaş, Nedim Sultan, Sadık M Demirsoy
BACKGROUND/AIM: We investigated the role of body flora and chronic inflammatory infections in the etiology of allergic disorders in Turkish children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty pediatric asthma patients with positive skin prick tests and 40 age-matched healthy subjects with negative skin prick tests were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Serum H. pylori IgG, viral hepatitis serology, IL-10, and TGF-beta levels were measured. Stool and throat cultures were taken and tested for occurrence of microorganisms...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417347/-serological-markers-of-viral-hepatitis-b-and-c-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease-monitored-in-the-pediatrics-department-at-the-university-hospital-of-bobo-dioulasso-burkina-faso
#2
S A Kissou, M Koura, A Sawadogo, A-S Ouédraogo, H Traoré, E Kamboulé, W W F Zogona, B Nacro
Viral hepatitis B and C are universal public health problems. Burkina Faso is a high endemic area for hepatitis B. Patients with sickle cell disease are at risk. The aim of this study was to investigate and quantify the serological markers of viral hepatitis B and C among pediatric patients with sickle cell disease. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study, which took place from July to November 2014 at the Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital of Bobo- Dioulasso. The study included 44 SS and 26 SC sickle cell patients...
April 17, 2017: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412679/epidemic-characteristics-of-main-infectious-diseases-in-yantai-city-between-2010-and-2012-and-prevention-strategy-research
#3
Huimin Gao, Wenbo Luan, Maobo Wang, Yanjie Dong
To investigate the epidemic characteristics and prevention strategies of main infectious diseases. From 2010 to 2012, 23 notifiable diseases were reported in Yantai with average reported cases of 17,376. The morbidity was the highest in 2012 and the lowest in 2011. The accumulated death toll was 101 with the highest death rate in 2011 and the lowest in 2012. Major class A and B infectious diseases included viral hepatitis, phthisis, syphilis, clap and dysentery. The major class C infectious disease was hand-foot-and-mouth disease every year...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382768/low-dose-cyclosporine-a-in-the-treatment-of-severe-atopic-dermatitis-complicated-by-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#4
Maria Gnarra, Clara De Simone, Matteo Garcovich, Simone Garcovich
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is the most frequent chronic inflammatory skin disorder in children and is usually accompanied by genetic and environmental factors. Effective management and treatment of AD is challenging and often requires systemic immunosuppressive therapy when refractory to topical treatments. We report a rare association between chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) and severe AD, management of which required systemic cyclosporine because of its favorable effects on inflammatory and viral-related clinical outcomes...
April 6, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352303/paediatric-virology-a-rapidly-increasing-educational-challenge
#5
Ioannis N Mammas, Maria Theodoridou, Anna Kramvis, Prakash Thiagarajan, Sharryn Gardner, Georgia Papaioannou, Angeliki Melidou, Maria Koutsaki, Georgia Kostagianni, Vassilis Achtsidis, Chryssie Koutsaftiki, Marcos Calachanis, Apostolos Zaravinos, Anne Greenough, Demetrios A Spandidos
The '2nd Workshop on Paediatric Virology', which took place on Saturday the 8th of October 2016 in Athens, Greece, provided an overview on recent views and advances on Paediatric Virology. Emphasis was given to HIV-1 management in Greece, a country under continuous financial crisis, hepatitis B vaccination in Africa, treatment options for hepatitis C virus in childhood, Zika virus in pregnancy and infancy, the burden of influenza on childhood, hand-foot-mouth disease and myocarditis associated with Coxsackie viruses...
February 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342241/overt-and-occult-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-among-community-children-in-northwest-china
#6
H Su, Z Shao, Z Pu, Y Wang, L Zhang, W Zhang, B Wang, A Wang, Z Ji, Y Yan, Y Zhang
Although a universal newborn hepatitis B (HB) immunization programme has been implemented in China, hepatitis B virus (HBV) breakthrough infection, including HB surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive infection and occult HBV infection (OBI), still occurs during infancy or childhood. Obtaining the actual prevalence of HBV infection in general children is important for preventing and controlling the spread of HB. Accordingly, we investigated the prevalence of overt infection and OBI in community children and compared the serological and virological characteristics of OBI and HBsAg carrier children to clarify the mechanisms related to OBI...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328809/infectious-diseases-prevalence-vaccination-coverage-and-diagnostic-challenges-in-a-population-of-internationally-adopted-children-referred-to-a-tertiary-care-children-s-hospital-from-2009-to-2015
#7
Sara Sollai, Francesca Ghetti, Leila Bianchi, Maurizio de Martino, Luisa Galli, Elena Chiappini
Infectious diseases are common in internationally adopted children (IAC).With the objective to evaluate infectious diseases prevalence in a large cohort of IAC and to explore possible risk factors for tuberculosis (TB) and parasitic infections, clinical and laboratory data at first screening visit of all IAC (<18 years) consecutively referred to our Center in 2009 to 2015 were collected and analyzed.In total, 1612 children (median age: 5.40 years; interquartile range: 3.00-7.90) were enrolled, 123/1612 (7...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318185/neonatal-acute-liver-failure-a-diagnosis-challenge
#8
Mirta Ciocca, Fernando Álvarez
Neonatal acute liver failure is a rare, very severe disease with a high rate of mortality. It is clinically and etiologically different from acute liver failure seen in older children and adults. Coagulopathy with an international normalized ratio ≥ 3 is the critical parameter that defines it. The most common causes are fetal alloimmune hepatitis, previously called neonatal hemochromatosis, viral infections, metabolic disorders, and hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. There is a group of treatable diseases that require a very early diagnosis for the prescription of an adequate treatment...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306597/diagnosis-of-viral-hepatitis
#9
Philippa J Easterbrook, Teri Roberts, Anita Sands, Rosanna Peeling
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections and HIV-HBV and HCV coinfection are major causes of chronic liver disease worldwide. Testing and diagnosis is the gateway for access to both treatment and prevention services, but there remains a large burden of undiagnosed infection globally. We review the global epidemiology, key challenges in the current hepatitis testing response, new tools to support the hepatitis global response (2016-2020 Global Hepatitis Health Sector strategy, and 2017 WHO guidelines on hepatitis testing) and future directions and innovations in hepatitis diagnostics...
May 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293078/hepatitis-c-infected-patients-need-vitamin-d3-supplementation-in-the-era-of-direct-acting-antivirals-treatment
#10
EDITORIAL
Yasuteru Kondo
It has been reported that the serum level of vitamin D3 (VitD3) could affect the natural course of chronic hepatitis C (CH-C) and the response to treatment with pegylated interferon (Peg-IFN) and ribavirin. Although several mechanisms for the favorable effects of VitD3 supplementation were reported, the total effect of VitD3 supplementation remains unclear. Previously, we reported that supplementation with 1(OH)VitD3 could enhance the Th1 response inducing not only a favorable immune response for viral eradication but also HCC control...
February 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225833/influence-of-hla-class-i-hla-class-ii-and-kirs-on-vertical-transmission-and-chronicity-of-hepatitis-c-virus-in-children
#11
A Ruiz-Extremera, E J Pavón-Castillero, M Florido, P Muñoz de Rueda, J A Muñoz-Gámez, J Casado, A Carazo, R Quiles, S M Jiménez-Ruiz, A Gila, J D Luna, J León, J Salmerón
BACKGROUND & AIM: There is evidence that maternal viral load of HCV during delivery influences the risk for Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), but this does not explain all cases. We study the role of the immunogenetic profile (HLA, KIRs and KIR-ligand binding) of mothers and children in HCV-MTCT and in chronicity in the children. METHODOLOGY: 79 HCV-RNA (+) mothers and their 98 children were included. 24 children were infected, becoming chronic in 8 cases and clearing in 16...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209492/reproductive-considerations-in-the-setting-of%C3%A2-chronic-viral-illness
#12
REVIEW
Brent M Hanson, Jessie A Dorais
Special considerations must be taken when patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B, or hepatitis C desire to become pregnant. Patients with chronic viral illnesses desire to have children at rates similar to the general population, and options are available to decrease both vertical transmission and viral transmission between partners. Preconception counseling or consultation with fertility specialists is imperative in patients with HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C so that reproductive goals can be addressed and optimized...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146163/adherence-to-the-follow-up-of-the-newborn-exposed-to-syphilis-and-factors-associated-with-loss-to-follow-up
#13
Marjorie Cristiane Feliz, Adeli Regina Prizybicien, Andrea Maciel Rossoni, Tony Tahnus, Adriane Miro Vianna Benke Pereira, Cristina Rodrigues
Introduction: All newborns exposed to syphilis in pregnancy must have outpatient follow-up. The interruption of this follow-up especially threatens those children who were not treated at birth. Objective: To describe the clinical, epidemiological, and sociodemographic characteristics of pregnant women with syphilis and their newborns, and to investigate the factors associated with the discontinuation of the follow-up. Methods: This is an observational, descriptive, analytical, and retrospective study of medical records of 254 children exposed to syphilis, who were assisted at the Congenital Infectious Clinic of the university hospital of the Universidade Federal do Paraná, between 2000 and 2010...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135025/acute-liver-dysfunction-not-resulting-from-hepatitis-virus-in-immunocompetent-children
#14
Tomoyuki Tsunoda, Ayano Inui, Kentaro Iwasawa, Manari Oikawa, Tsuyoshi Sogo, Haruki Komatsu, Yoshinori Ito, Tomoo Fujisawa
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to clarify the roles of cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) in immunocompetent children with acute liver dysfunction not resulting from hepatitis virus. METHODS: Sixty-eight children (median age, 3 years) hospitalized as a result of acute liver dysfunction were enrolled in this study. Hepatitis A, B, and C were excluded. The prevalence of CMV, EBV, and HHV-6 and viral DNA load in whole blood was prospectively evaluated on multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
January 30, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130750/pegylated-interferon-%C3%AE-ribavirin-therapy-enhances-bone-mineral-density-in-children-with-chronic-genotype-4-hcv-infection
#15
Ahmed Megahed, Nanees Salem, Abeer Fathy, Tarik Barakat, Mona Abd El Latif Alsayed, Suzy Abd El Mabood, Khaled R Zalata, Ahmed F Abdalla
BACKGROUND: The impact of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) on bone mineral density (BMD) has been well studied in adults with a relative paucity of data in children, especially concerning effect of treatment with pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) plus ribavirin (RV). In the current work, we assessed prospectively changes in BMD in children with CHC before, during, and after treatment. METHODS: Forty-six consecutive children with noncirrhotic genotype 4 CHC were subjected to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at baseline, 24 weeks, 48 weeks of therapy and 24 weeks after treatment...
January 27, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099338/liver-steatosis-in-children-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-and-c-prevalence-predictors-and-impact-on-disease-progression
#16
Maria Pokorska-Śpiewak, Barbara Kowalik-Mikołajewska, Małgorzata Aniszewska, Magdalena Pluta, Bożena Walewska-Zielecka, Magdalena Marczyńska
Only scarce data on liver steatosis in children with chronic hepatitis B and C (CHB and CHC) are available. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence, predictors, and impact of hepatic steatosis on children with CHB and CHC. A total of 78 patients aged 11.5 ± 3.4 years were included: 30 (38%) had CHB, and 48 (62%) had CHC. Steatosis was scored on a 5-point scale, as follows: absent; minimal (≤5% hepatocytes affected), mild (6-33%), moderate (34-66%), and severe (>66%). Stepwise logistic regression was used to determine the factors associated with steatosis and moderate-to-severe steatosis...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089231/-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hepatitis-b-virus-despite-postexposure-prophylaxis-a-review-of-the-literature-and-description-of-11%C3%A2-observations
#17
B Biot, N Laverdure, F Lacaille, A Lachaux
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection leads to a risk of developing cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. In France, where the prevalence of HBV is low, mother-to-child transmission is the cause of chronic infection in more than one-third of cases. After exposure, the risk of chronic infection is the highest for newborns (90 %). The World Health Organization implemented a global immunization program in 1991, applied in France in 1994. A significant number of children are infected each year, however, and failure of postexposure prophylaxis is reported in 4-10 % of newborns...
February 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078864/human-herpesviruses-6-and-7-encephalitis-in-immunocompetent-infants-are-they-really-so-uncommon
#18
LETTER
L Marseglia, S Manti, G D Angelo, G Stroscio, D Impollonia, S Arena, C Salpietro, E Gitto
Human herpesviruses-6 and -7 (HHV-6 and 7) are considered uncommon causes of central nervous system infection and may occasionally cause encephalitis in young infants, however, the clinical syndrome and incidence are not well defined. In immunosuppressed hosts, reactivation is associated with a worse outcome such as encephalitis, hepatitis, or graft rejection. In immunocompetent hosts, this persistent infection is generally of no consequence. We report 4 cases of immunocompetent critically ill children, affected by HHV-6 and -7 encephalitis, admitted to our Pediatric Intensive Care Unit...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975110/viral-hepatitis-in-children-a-through-e
#19
REVIEW
Ankur Chugh, Maryann Maximos, Meryl Perlman, Regino P Gonzalez-Peralta
Hepatitis is defined as inflammation of the liver. This inflammation can be acute and self-limited, chronic (leading to cirrhosis and an increased risk for hepatocellular carcinoma), or fulminant (requiring lifesaving liver transplantation). Although there are many causes of hepatitis, this article focuses on the main childhood viral hepatidities: types A, B, C, D, and E. This review discusses the main characteristics of each virus, including salient epidemiology, clinical characteristics, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention strategies...
December 1, 2016: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898721/hepatitis-b-virus-infections-and-associated-factors-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-clinic-at-deder-hospital-eastern-ethiopia
#20
Abdi Umare, Berhanu Seyoum, Tesfaye Gobena, Tamirat Haile Mariyam
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a serious public health problem worldwide. Reports have shown that 68,600 people die of HBV infection and more than 300,000 deaths due to liver cancer secondary to hepatitis B every year globally. Women who are infected with HBV can vertically transmit the infection to their infants. This study aims to determine the prevalence of HBV infection and associated factors among pregnant women. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted among pregnant women who attended antenatal care clinic (ANC) for routine pregnancy check-up between 18 March 2015 and 15 May 2015...
2016: PloS One
keyword
keyword
102127
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"