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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27380595/probiotics-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-clinical-data-in-children
#1
Eleonora Giannetti, Annamaria Staiano
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review was to summarize the evidence regarding probiotics treatment for pediatric IBS. RECENT FINDINGS: The overall management of children with IBS should be tailored to the patient's specific symptoms and identifiable triggers. The four major therapeutic approaches include: pharmacologic, dietary, psychosocial, and complementary/alternative medicine interventions.Although there is limited evidence for efficacy of pharmacological therapies such as antispasmodics and anti-diarrheals, these may have a role in severe cases...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24938076/childhood-anxiety-and-psychophysiological-reactivity-hypnosis-to-build-discrimination-and-self-regulation-skills
#2
REVIEW
Pamela Kaiser
Clinically anxious, worried, and fearful children and teens need clinicians' assistance in reducing their exaggerated psychophysiological stress reactivity. Affective neuroscience finds that chronic activation of the body's emergency response system inhibits neurogenesis, disrupts neuronal plasticity, and is detrimental to physical and mental health. Patterns of faulty discrimination skills, for example, over-estimation of threat and danger and under-estimation of their coping capacity, fuel this over-arousal...
April 2014: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24202227/help-seeking-for-fecal-incontinence-in-people-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#3
Christine Norton, Lesley Dibley
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to enhance our understanding of factors that influence help-seeking in people with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-related fecal incontinence (FI), and their needs or desire for continence services. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: We conducted a survey of FI in community-dwelling people with IBD, all members of a United Kingdom IBD charity, and received 3264 responses. As part of the study, we asked 3 questions about help-seeking for IBD-related FI to which respondents were able to give free-text responses...
November 2013: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23091952/-irritable-bowel-syndrome-diet-and-complementary-medicine-therapies
#4
REVIEW
A Gerkens
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a frequent and invalidating functional bowel disorder with entangled mechanisms. Its therapeutic approach is therefore complex. Classical therapies, prescribed alone or in combination in light of the predominant symptom, consist of antispasmodics, fibers, laxatives, antidiarrheals, and psychotropic agents. Other emerging pharmacological therapies, such as prokinetics, prosecretory or serotoninergic agents, bile acid modulators and antibiotics have been recently studied in clinical trials...
September 2012: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19711767/out-of-illness-experience-hypnotically-induced-dissociation-as-a-therapeutic-resource-in-treating-people-with-obstinate-mental-disorders
#5
Joseph Meyerson, Joseph Myerson, Andres Konichezy
Psychological dissociation is commonly perceived by mental health professionals as the pathological splitting of consciences or as an impairment in adaptive integration. In hypnotherapy dissociation is considered one of the most significant features of hypnosis, constituting a major therapeutic resource. In the present article, we use hypnotically induced dissociation (HID) to treat patients with obstinate mental disorders (OMD). These disorders are characterized by persistent, problematic behaviors, thoughts, and feelings that become organizing principals of identity and form enduring psychopathologies...
2009: American Journal of Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19390646/evaluation-and-management-of-patients-with-noncardiac-chest-pain
#6
C Shekhar, P J Whorwell
Up to a third of patients undergoing coronary angiography for angina-like chest pain are found to have normal coronary arteries and a substantial proportion of these individuals continue to consult and even attend emergency departments. Initially, these patients are usually seen by cardiologists but with accumulating evidence that the pain might have a gastrointestinal origin, it may be more appropriate for them to be cared for by the gastroenterologist once a cardiological cause has been excluded. This review covers the assessment and management of this challenging condition, which includes a combination of education, reassurance, and pharmacotherapy...
2008: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18781121/chronic-abdominal-pain-in-children-what-to-do-following-the-medical-evaluation
#7
REVIEW
Gerard A Banez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this article is to provide an empirically informed but clinically oriented review of conventional, alternative, and rehabilitation therapies for chronic or recurrent abdominal pain in children. RECENT FINDINGS: Cognitive-behavioral procedures, including contingency management training for parents and self-regulation training for children, emerge as a probably efficacious treatment. Symptom-based pharmacological therapies can be helpful, but may be best reserved for children with severe symptoms that have not responded to simple management...
October 2008: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15010026/treatment-of-functional-dyspepsia
#8
Silvia Delgado-Aros, Filippo Cremonini, Nicholas J. Talley
Functional dyspepsia is a common chronic condition. It can have a major impact on quality of life and remains a large burden on healthcare resources. Its underlying mechanisms are not fully understood and therapies are mainly empirical. In this review, we summarize the best evidence on available therapeutic interventions in functional dyspepsia. Helicobacter pylori eradication, for those infected, is likely a safe and cost-effective strategy but benefits only a minority. Antisecretory agents such as proton-pump inhibitors and histamine-2 receptor antagonists have shown some benefit and are recommended as the first-line option in the absence of H...
April 2004: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12460456/hypnosis-in-pediatrics-applications-at-a-pediatric-pulmonary-center
#9
Ran D Anbar
BACKGROUND: This report describes the utility of hypnosis for patients who presented to a Pediatric Pulmonary Center over a 30 month period. METHODS: Hypnotherapy was offered to 303 patients from May 1, 1998 - October 31, 2000. Patients offered hypnotherapy included those thought to have pulmonary symptoms due to psychological issues, discomfort due to medications, or fear of procedures. Improvement in symptoms following hypnosis was observed by the pulmonologist for most patients with habit cough and conversion reaction...
December 3, 2002: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12182741/clinical-perspectives-mechanisms-diagnosis-and-management-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#10
REVIEW
M Camilleri, R C Heading, W G Thompson
This consensus document reviews the current status of the epidemiology, social impact, patient quality of life, pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of irritable bowel syndrome. Current evidence suggests that two major mechanisms may interact in irritable bowel syndrome: altered gastrointestinal motility and increased sensitivity of the intestine. However, other factors, such as psychosocial factors, intake of food and prior infection, may contribute to its development. Management of patients is based on a positive diagnosis of the symptom complex, careful history and physical examination to exclude 'red flags' as risk factors for organic disease, and, if indicated, investigations to exclude other disorders...
August 2002: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12064708/public-knowledge-and-attitudes-regarding-smoking-and-smoking-cessation-treatments
#11
Karen M de Zwart, J Douglas Sellman
AIMS: To investigate current public knowledge and attitudes to tobacco smoking and smoking cessation treatments. METHOD: A telephone survey of 250 individuals randomly selected from the Christchurch Electoral Roll and assigned into one of three groups: current, ex and life-time never smokers. RESULTS: Significantly more current than ex-smokers cited habit as a major reason for continuing to smoke and a greater number reported using nicotine transdermal patches during a cessation attempt...
May 10, 2002: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11894191/-in-patient-hypnotherapeutic-trauma-exposure-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-case-report
#12
Claudia Elsig, Christian Schopper, Marion Anthony, Ronald Gramigna, Heinz Böker
This paper describes the treatment of a patient with the diagnoses of a borderline personality disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder (DSM-IV and ICD-10) within the setting of a psychiatric ward spezializing in depression. For purposes of controlled re-exposure to the patient's trauma, a hypnotherapeutic method was chosen. A significant reduction of symptoms, in particular the intrusions and the hyperarousal, was observed. Of great importance in the successful outcome of this case is the integration of hypnotherapy into a multi-dimensional treatment concept including group therapy, physical therapy and anxiety-reducing self-management therapy...
March 2002: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/2569182/hypnotherapy-a-cyberphysiologic-strategy-in-pain-management
#13
REVIEW
K Olness
Children have the capacity to learn cyberphysiologic strategies in pain management. Training in such strategies can be accomplished in one to four training sessions, depending on the type of pain problems. Even in an acute emergency situation, children can benefit from informal hypnotic and biofeedback techniques. Both clinical and laboratory studies confirm the ability of children to self-regulate specific autonomic functions such as control of peripheral temperature and GSR. Such skills can be used to demonstrate to children the connections between changes in thinking and changes in body responses and pave the way for development of skills in self-regulation of pain...
August 1989: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/2220654/characteristics-of-change-in-ericksonian-hypnotherapy-a-cognitive-psychological-perspective
#14
REVIEW
A Otani
Milton H. Erickson's approach to hypnosis and psychotherapy has established itself as a therapeutic paradigm in recent years. As its popularity grows, however, myths and misconceptions about his approach have also emerged. Some of them claim falsely that Erickson's therapy consists of nothing more than a set of quick, symptom-management formulae. To understand Erickson's hypnotic psychotherapy in a proper context, a systematic review is warranted. In this article I have examined, from a cognitive-psychological perspective, four of the major characteristics of therapeutic change underlying Erickson's work: (a) self-efficacy, (b) spontaneous compliance, (c) cognitive/experiential reorganization, and (d) global distribution of information...
July 1990: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
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