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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214769/supporting-older-and-younger-adults-memory-for-recent-everyday-events-a-prospective-sampling-study-using-sensecam
#1
Ali Mair, Marie Poirier, Martin A Conway
This study measured the effect of a wearable camera, SenseCam, on older and younger adults' memories of recently experienced everyday events. Participants used SenseCam to prospectively sample events from a typical week, which they recalled two weeks later. Recall was cued by a self-generated title only (control condition), by the title and forward-order SenseCam images, or by the title and random-order SenseCam images. In the control condition, older and younger adults' memories were comparably episodic, but older adults recalled more semantic details...
February 16, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214742/what-s-the-agreement-between-self-reported-and-biochemical-verification-of-drug-use-a-look-at-permanent-supportive-housing-residents
#2
Alexis Rendon, Melvin Livingston, Sumihiro Suzuki, Whitney Hill, Scott Walters
Self-reported substance use is commonly used as an outcome measure in treatment research. We evaluated the validity of self-reported drug use in a sample of 334 adults with mental health problems who were residing in supportive housing programs. The primary analysis was the calculation of the positive predictive values (PPVs) of self-report compared to an oral fluid test taken at the same time. A sensitivity analysis compared the positive predictive values of two self-reported drug use histories: biological testing window (ranging between the past 96h to 30days depending on drug type) or the full past 90-day comparison window (maximum length recorded during interview)...
February 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214578/increasing-lateralized-motor-activity-in-younger-and-older-adults-using-real-time-fmri-during-executed-movements
#3
Heather F Neyedli, Cassandra Sampaio-Baptista, Matthew A Kirkman, David Havard, Michael Lührs, Katie Ramsden, David D Flitney, Stuart Clare, Rainer Goebel, Heidi Johansen-Berg
Neurofeedback training involves presenting an individual with a representation of their brain activity and instructing them to alter the activity using the feedback. One potential application of neurofeedback is for patients to alter neural improve function. For example, there is evidence that greater laterality of movement-related activity is associated with better motor outcomes after stroke; so using neurofeedback to increase laterality may provide a novel route for improving outcomes. However, we must demonstrate that individuals can control relevant neurofeedback signals...
February 15, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214250/colorectal-cancer-screening-adherence-in-selected-disabilities-over-10-years
#4
Chelsea B Deroche, Suzanne W McDermott, Joshua R Mann, James W Hardin
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer mortality in the U.S.; however, if the population aged 50 years or older received routine screening, approximately 60% of these deaths could be eliminated. This study investigates whether adults, aged 50-75 years, with one of three disabilities (blind/low vision [BLV], intellectual disability [ID], spinal cord injury [SCI]) receive CRC screening at rates equivalent to adults without the three disabilities, by accounting for combinations of recommended CRC screenings during a 10-year period (colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, fecal occult blood test)...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214239/feasibility-and-factor-structure-of-the-frail-scale-in-older-adults
#5
Ivan Aprahamian, Sumika Mori Lin, Claudia Kimie Suemoto, Daniel Apolinario, Natália Oiring de Castro Cezar, Serpui Marie Elmadjian, Wilson Jacob Filho, Mônica Sanches Yassuda
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to (1) evaluate a geriatric outpatient sample with the FRAIL scale; (2) investigate the psychometric properties of the scale; and (3) characterize different associations of the subdimensions of the scale with demographic and clinical data. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Geriatric outpatient center a university-based hospital in São Paulo, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 811 men and women aged 60 years or older evaluated between March 2015 and September 2015...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214237/knowledge-attitudes-and-preferences-of-advance-decisions-end-of-life-care-and-place-of-care-and-death-in-hong-kong-a%C3%A2-population-based-telephone-survey-of-1067-adults
#6
Roger Yat-Nork Chung, Eliza Lai-Yi Wong, Nicole Kiang, Patsy Yuen-Kwan Chau, Janice Y C Lau, Samuel Yeung-Shan Wong, Eng-Kiong Yeoh, Jean W Woo
OBJECTIVES: According to the 2015 Quality of Death Index published by the Intelligence Unit of the Economist, Hong Kong is ranked 22nd in terms of quality of palliative care in the world, behind many other major developed countries in Asia, including Taiwan, Singapore, Japan, and South Korea. The objectives of the present study were to describe the knowledge, attitude, and preferences of the general Hong Kong adult population across different age groups regarding end-of-life (EOL) care decisions, place of care and death, as well as advance directive (AD)...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214235/effects-of-postacute-settings-on-readmission-rates-and-reasons-for%C3%A2-readmission-following-total-knee-arthroplasty
#7
Rodney Laine Welsh, James E Graham, Amol M Karmarkar, Natalie E Leland, Jacques G Baillargeon, Dana L Wild, Kenneth J Ottenbacher
OBJECTIVES: Examine the effects of postacute discharge setting on unplanned hospital readmissions following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in older adults. DESIGN: Secondary analyses of 100% Medicare (inpatient) claims files. SETTING: Acute hospitals across the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries ≥66 years of age who were discharged from an acute hospital following TKA in 2009-2011 (n = 608,031)...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214234/reablement-reactivation-rehabilitation-and-restorative-interventions-with-older-adults-in-receipt-of-home-care-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Joanie Sims-Gould, Catherine E Tong, Lutetia Wallis-Mayer, Maureen C Ashe
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the impact of reablement, reactivation, rehabilitation, and restorative (4R) programs for older adults in receipt of home care services. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: We searched the following electronic bibliographic databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health), SPORTDiscus and The Cochrane Library and reference lists. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials that describe original data on the impact of home-based rehabilitative care and were written in English...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214106/multicenter-study-of-cigarette-smoking-among-adults-with-asthma-exacerbations-in-the-emergency-department-2011-2012
#9
Robert A Silverman, Kohei Hasegawa, Daniel J Egan, Kirk A Stiffler, Ashley F Sullivan, Carlos A Camargo
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies demonstrated a high prevalence of cigarette smoking in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with acute asthma. Despite the clinical and public health importance, there have been no recent multicenter efforts to characterize this patient population. We aimed to update the prevalence of cigarette smoking among ED patients with asthma exacerbations. METHODS: Multicenter chart review study of 48 EDs across 23 US states...
February 7, 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214074/subspecialty-training-and-certification-in-geriatric-psychiatry-a-25-year-overview
#10
Dorthea Juul, Christopher C Colenda, Jeffrey M Lyness, Laura B Dunn, Rita Hargrave, Larry R Faulkner
: The Institute of Medicine estimated that by 2030, from 10.1 to 14.4 million Americans aged 65 years or older will have mental health or substance use disorders. This article reviews the history and current status of training, certification, and practice in geriatric psychiatry against the backdrop of this "silver tsunami." The American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN) administered the first subspecialty examination in geriatric psychiatry in 1991, and through 2015 3,329 certificates were awarded...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214073/older-adults-with-ptsd-brief-state-of-research-and-evidence-based-psychotherapy-case-illustration
#11
Joan M Cook, Elissa McCarthy, Steven R Thorp
Although lifetime exposure to potentially traumatic events among older adults is fairly high, rates of full-blown post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are estimated at about 4.5%, a rate lower than that for middle-aged and young adults. Nevertheless, PTSD seems to be an under-recognized and under-treated condition in older adults. Assessment and treatment can be challenging in this population for various reasons, including potential cognitive or sensory decline and comorbid mental and physical disorders. This article provides highlights of the empirical research on PTSD in late life, including information on its effects on cognition and physical health...
January 4, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213893/disparity-in-dental-out-of-pocket-payments-among-older-adult-populations-a-comparative-analysis-across-selected-european-countries-and-the-usa
#12
Richard Manski, John Moeller, Haiyan Chen, Eeva Widström, Stefan Listl
BACKGROUND: The current study addresses the extent to which diversity exists in dental out-of-pocket (OOP) payments across population subgroups within and between the USA and selected European countries. This represents the final paper in a series in which the previous two papers addressed diversity in dental coverage and dental utilisation, respectively, using similar data and methods. METHOD: We used data from the 2006/2007 Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and from the 2004-2006 Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) for respondents ≥51 years of age...
February 17, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213439/tau-and-%C3%AE-amyloid-are-associated-with-medial-temporal-lobe-structure-function-and-memory-encoding-in-normal-aging
#13
Shawn M Marks, Samuel N Lockhart, Suzanne L Baker, William J Jagust
Normal aging is associated with decline in episodic memory, and also with aggregation of the β-amyloid (Aβ) and tau proteins and atrophy of medial temporal lobe structures crucial to memory formation. While some evidence suggests that Aβ is associated with aberrant neural activity, the relationships between these two aggregated proteins, neural function, and brain structure are poorly understood. Using in vivo human Aβ and tau imaging, we demonstrate that increased Aβ and tau are both associated with aberrant functional magnetic resonance imaging activity in the medial temporal lobes during memory encoding in cognitively normal older adults...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213065/requiring-collaboration-hippocampal-prefrontal-networks-needed-in-spatial-working-memory-and-ageing-a-multivariate-analysis-approach
#14
C Zancada-Menendez, P Alvarez-Suarez, P Sampedro-Piquero, M Cuesta, A Begega
Ageing is characterized by a decline in the processes of retention and storage of spatial information. We have examined the behavioural performance of adult rats (3 months old) and aged rats (18 months old) in a spatial complex task (delayed match to sample). The spatial task was performed in the Morris water maze and consisted of three sessions per day over a period of three consecutive days. Each session consisted of two trials (one sample and retention) and inter-session intervals of five minutes. Behavioural results showed that the spatial task was difficult for middle aged group...
February 14, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212893/traffic-related-air-pollution-impact-on-mouse-brain-accelerates-myelin-and-neuritic-aging-changes-with-specificity-for-ca1-neurons
#15
Nicholas C Woodward, Payam Pakbin, Arian Saffari, Farimah Shirmohammadi, Amin Haghani, Constantinos Sioutas, Mafalda Cacciottolo, Todd E Morgan, Caleb E Finch
Traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) is associated with lower cognition and reduced white matter volume in older adults, specifically for particulate matter <2.5-μm diameter (PM2.5). Rodents exposed to TRAP have shown microglial activation and neuronal atrophy. We further investigated age differences of TRAP exposure, with focus on hippocampus for neuritic atrophy, white matter degeneration, and microglial activation. Young- and middle-aged mice (3 and 18 months female C57BL/6J) were exposed to nanoscale-PM (nPM, <0...
January 13, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212814/human-striatal-dopaminergic-and-regional-serotonergic-synaptic-degeneration-with-lewy-body-disease-and-inheritance-of-apoe-%C3%AE%C2%B54
#16
Nadia Postupna, Caitlin S Latimer, Eric B Larson, Emily Sherfield, Julie Paladin, Carol A Shively, Matthew J Jorgensen, Rachel N Andrews, Jay R Kaplan, Paul K Crane, Kathleen S Montine, Suzanne Craft, C Dirk Keene, Thomas J Montine
Cognitive impairment in older individuals is a complex trait that in population-based studies most commonly derives from an individually varying mixture of Alzheimer disease, Lewy body disease, and vascular brain injury. We investigated the molecular composition of synaptic particles from three sources: consecutive rapid autopsy brains from the adult changes in thought study, a population-based cohort; four aged nonhuman primate brains optimally processed for molecular investigation; and targeted replacement transgenic mice homozygous for APOE ε4...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212690/insomnia-and-multimorbidity-in-the-community-elderly-in-china
#17
Yu-Mei Wang, Mei Song, Ran Wang, Le Shi, Jia He, Teng-Teng Fan, Wen-Hao Chen, Lan Wang, Lu-Lu Yu, Yuan-Yuan Gao, Xiao-Chuang Zhao, Na Li, Ying Han, Mei-Yan Liu, Lin Lu, Xue-Yi Wang
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To examine the comorbidity between insomnia and medical problems. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in community adults, aged 60 y or older, who resided in one of four major cities in northern China. Sociodemographic and clinical data were collected simultaneously. A total of 3,176 elderly adults (1,292 male, 70.2 ± 6.8 y; 1,884 female, 68.8 ± 6.7 y) were interviewed. RESULTS: The prevalence of specific medical conditions in both people with insomnia and people without insomnia was detected...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212648/formulation-of-evidence-based-messages-to-promote-the-use-of-physical-activity-to-prevent-and-manage-alzheimer-s-disease
#18
Kathleen A Martin Ginis, Jennifer Heisz, John C Spence, Ilana B Clark, Jordan Antflick, Chris I Ardern, Christa Costas-Bradstreet, Mary Duggan, Audrey L Hicks, Amy E Latimer-Cheung, Laura Middleton, Kirk Nylen, Donald H Paterson, Chelsea Pelletier, Michael A Rotondi
BACKGROUND: The impending public health impact of Alzheimer's disease is tremendous. Physical activity is a promising intervention for preventing and managing Alzheimer's disease. However, there is a lack of evidence-based public health messaging to support this position. This paper describes the application of the Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation II (AGREE-II) principles to formulate an evidence-based message to promote physical activity for the purposes of preventing and managing Alzheimer's disease...
February 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212629/cardiometabolic-risk-in-a-population-of-older-adults-with-multiple-co-morbidities-in-rural-south-africa-the-haalsi-health-and-aging-in-africa-longitudinal-studies-of-indepth-communities-study
#19
Thomas A Gaziano, Shafika Abrahams-Gessel, F Xavier Gomez-Olive, Alisha Wade, Nigel J Crowther, Sartaj Alam, Jennifer Manne-Goehler, Chodziwadziwa W Kabudula, Ryan Wagner, Julia Rohr, Livia Montana, Kathleen Kahn, Till W Bärnighausen, Lisa F Berkman, Stephen Tollman
BACKGROUND: A consequence of the widespread uptake of anti-retroviral therapy (ART) is that the older South African population will experience an increase in life expectancy, increasing their risk for cardiometabolic diseases (CMD), and its risk factors. The long-term interactions between HIV infection, treatment, and CMD remain to be elucidated in the African population. The HAALSI cohort was established to investigate the impact of these interactions on CMD morbidity and mortality among middle-aged and older adults...
February 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212586/effects-of-resistance-band-exercise-on-vascular-activity-and-fitness-in-older-adults
#20
Mark F Smith, Mistrelle Ellmore, Geoff Middleton, Paul M Murgatroyd, Thomas I Gee
This study investigated the effects of a low to moderately intense resistance-band exercise intervention on cutaneous microvascular function in an older population. 18 sedentary healthy participants (age: 58±5) were assessed for their upper and lower-limb endothelial cutaneous vascular conductance using laser Doppler fluximetry with endothelial-dependent (80 μl acetylcholine chloride), and -independent vasodilation (80 μl sodium nitroprusside). In addition, participants underwent a range of functional assessments (cardiopulmonary fitness, strength, flexibility), and completed a perceived quality of life questionnaire...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
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