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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457932/oral-health-related-outcomes-in-edentulous-patients-treated-with-mandibular-implant-retained-dentures-versus-complete-dentures-systematic-review-with-meta-analyses
#1
Philip Kroll, Lisa Hou, Hani Radaideh, Nazanin Sharifi, Phuu P Han, Roseann Mulligan, Reyes Enciso
The objective of this systematic review was to determine the effect on oral health-related outcomes from mandibular implant-retained dentures opposing maxillary complete dentures in edentulous middle-age and older adults compared to complete removable dentures in both arches. Randomized controlled trials with an average age of the participants being 65 years old or above were included. The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE and Web of Science were searched. A total of 228 abstracts were reviewed for inclusion criteria with fourteen trials included and analyzed for risk of bias...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457508/integrative-review-of-mobile-phone-contacts-and-medication-adherence-in-severe-mental-illness
#2
Cordellia E Bright
BACKGROUND: Poor medication adherence is a significant problem in individuals with severe mental illness (SMI). About 50% of people with SMI become nonadherent to treatment in the first month following discharge from the hospital. OBJECTIVE: This study examined literature in the past decade (2006-2016) on the use of mobile phone contacts in individuals with SMI to improve medication adherence post hospital discharge. DESIGN: This integrative review used the search terms texting, text messaging, SMS, cell/mobile phone, medication adherence, medication compliance, and mental illness...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457489/shingrix-the-new-adjuvanted-recombinant-herpes-zoster-vaccine
#3
Stephanie F James, Elias B Chahine, Allana J Sucher, Cassandra Hanna
OBJECTIVES: To review the immunogenicity, efficacy, and safety of the herpes zoster subunit vaccine (HZ/su) for use in adult patients for the prevention of shingles. DATA SOURCES: A literature search through PubMed was conducted (June 2008 to October 2017) using the terms shingles vaccine and varicella zoster virus. References from retrieved articles and the prescribing information were also reviewed for any additional material. STUDY SELECTION/DATA EXTRACTION: The literature search was limited to human studies published in English...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457361/cognitive-function-and-unsafe-driving-acts-during-an-on-road-test-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-cognitive-impairments
#4
Ryo Hotta, Hyuma Makizako, Takehiko Doi, Kota Tsutsumimoto, Sho Nakakubo, Keitaro Makino, Hiroyuki Shimada
AIM: To examine the relationship between cognitive function and unsafe driving acts among community-dwelling older adults with cognitive impairments. METHODS: Participants (n = 160) were older residents of Obu, Japan, aged ≥65 years with cognitive impairments. They regularly drove and were assessed for the number of unsafe driving acts without adequate verification during an on-road test. We also evaluated cognitive function (attention, executive function and processing speed)...
February 19, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456912/dural-tears-in-adult-deformity-surgery-incidence-risk-factors-and-outcomes
#5
Sravisht Iyer, Eric O Klineberg, Lukas P Zebala, Michael P Kelly, Robert A Hart, Munish C Gupta, D Kojo Hamilton, Gregory M Mundis, Daniel Sciubba, Christopher P Ames, Justin S Smith, Virginie Lafage, Douglas Burton, Han Jo Kim
Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Objectives: Describe the rate of dural tears (DTs) in adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery. Describe the risk factors for DT and the impact of this complication on clinical outcomes. Methods: Patients with ASD undergoing surgery between 2008 and 2014 were separated into DT and non-DT cohorts; demographics, operative details, radiographic, and clinical outcomes were compared. Statistical analysis included t tests or χ2 tests as appropriate and a multivariate analysis...
February 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456859/acute-myeloid-leukemia-in-a-father-and-son-with-a-germline-mutation-of-asxl1
#6
Karen Seiter, Kyaw Htun, Paul Baskind, Zach Liu
Background: Myelodysplastic syndromes and acute myeloid leukemia usually occur sporadically in older adults. More recently cases of familial acute myeloid leukemia and/or myelodysplastic syndrome have been reported. Case presentation: Currently we report a father and son who both developed myelodysplastic syndrome that progressed to acute myeloid leukemia. Both patients were found to have the identical mutation of ASXL1 on nextgen sequencing of both hematologic and nonhematologic tissues...
2018: Biomarker Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456502/efficacy-of-cognitive-training-in-older-adults-with-and-without-subjective-cognitive-decline-is-associated-with-inhibition-efficiency-and-working-memory-span-not-with-cognitive-reserve
#7
Ramón López-Higes, María T Martín-Aragoneses, Susana Rubio-Valdehita, María L Delgado-Losada, Pedro Montejo, Mercedes Montenegro, José M Prados, Jaisalmer de Frutos-Lucas, David López-Sanz
The present study explores the role of cognitive reserve, executive functions, and working memory (WM) span, as factors that might explain training outcomes in cognitive status. Eighty-one older adults voluntarily participated in the study, classified either as older adults with subjective cognitive decline or cognitively intact. Each participant underwent a neuropsychological assessment that was conducted both at baseline (entailing cognitive reserve, executive functions, WM span and depressive symptomatology measures, as well as the Mini-Mental State Exam regarding initial cognitive status), and then 6 months later, once each participant had completed the training program (Mini-Mental State Exam at the endpoint)...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456500/auditory-memory-decay-as-reflected-by-a-new-mismatch-negativity-score-is-associated-with-episodic-memory-in-older-adults-at-risk-of-dementia
#8
Daria Laptinskaya, Franka Thurm, Olivia C Küster, Patrick Fissler, Winfried Schlee, Stephan Kolassa, Christine A F von Arnim, Iris-Tatjana Kolassa
The auditory mismatch negativity (MMN) is an event-related potential (ERP) peaking about 100-250 ms after the onset of a deviant tone in a sequence of identical (standard) tones. Depending on the interstimulus interval (ISI) between standard and deviant tones, the MMN is suitable to investigate the pre-attentive auditory discrimination ability (short ISIs, ≤ 2 s) as well as the pre-attentive auditory memory trace (long ISIs, >2 s). However, current results regarding the MMN as an index for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia are mixed, especially after short ISIs: while the majority of studies report positive associations between the MMN and cognition, others fail to find such relationships...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456094/association-among-opioid-use-treatment-preferences-and-perceptions-of-physician-treatment-recommendations-in-patients-with-neck-and-back-pain
#9
William B Weeks, Christine M Goertz, Cynthia R Long, William C Meeker, Dennis M Marchiori
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between self-reported use of opioids by patients with neck and back pain and their demographics, pain characteristics, treatment preferences, and recollections of their physicians' opinions regarding treatment options. METHODS: We analyzed 2017 Gallup Poll survey data from 1680 US adults who had substantial spine pain in the past year and used logistic regression to explore the aforementioned relationships...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455713/age-specific-global-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-hepatitis-c-hiv-and-tuberculosis-among-incarcerated-people-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Stuart A Kinner, Kathryn Snow, Andrea L Wirtz, Frederick L Altice, Chris Beyrer, Kate Dolan
PURPOSE: This study aims to compare the global prevalence of hepatitis B, hepatitis C, HIV, and tuberculosis in incarcerated adolescents and young adults (AYAs) and older prisoners. METHODS: This study is a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies reporting the age-specific prevalence of each infection in prisoners. We grouped age-specific prevalence estimates into three overlapping age categories: AYA prisoners (<25 years), older prisoners (≥25 years), and mixed category (spanning age 25 years)...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455580/from-family-involvement-to-family-inclusion-in-nursing-home-settings-a-critical-interpretive-synthesis
#11
Gloria Puurveen, Jennifer Baumbusch, Preet Gandhi
The provision of care work by families plays an integral role in the quality of life of older adults living in a nursing home setting. This critical interpretive synthesis examines family members' perceptions of their roles and responsibilities in nursing home settings and interrogates the structural and relational barriers and enablers to family involvement as they relate to fostering an inclusive environment. Electronic databases and published literature were searched for empirical studies that were conducted in a nursing home setting and described involvement from the perspective of family members...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Family Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455436/older-adults-in-jail-high-rates-and-early-onset-of-geriatric-conditions
#12
Meredith Greene, Cyrus Ahalt, Irena Stijacic-Cenzer, Lia Metzger, Brie Williams
BACKGROUND: The number of older adults in the criminal justice system is rapidly increasing. While this population is thought to experience an early onset of aging-related health conditions ("accelerated aging"), studies have not directly compared rates of geriatric conditions in this population to those found in the general population. The aims of this study were to compare the burden of geriatric conditions among older adults in jail to rates found in an age-matched nationally representative sample of community dwelling older adults...
February 17, 2018: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455198/incidence-survival-and-risk-factors-for-adults-with-acute-myeloid-leukemia-not-otherwise-specified-and-acute-myeloid-leukemia-with-recurrent-genetic-abnormalities-analysis-of-the-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-seer-database-2001-2013
#13
Xiaolu Song, Ye Peng, Xiaogang Wang, Yirui Chen, Lai Jin, Tianxin Yang, Meihua Qian, Wanmao Ni, Xiangmin Tong, Jianping Lan
BACKGROUND/AIM: As the knowledgebase of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has grown, classification systems have moved to incorporate these new findings. METHODS: We assessed 32,941 patients with AML whose records are contained in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. RESULTS: Half of all patients diagnosed between 2001 and 2013 did not have a World Health Organization (WHO) classification. Acute promyelocytic leukemia and acute panmyelosis with myelofibrosis were associated with the longest leukemia-specific survival (110 and 115 months, respectively), and AML with minimal differentiation and acute megakaryoblastic leukemia with the shortest (30 and 28 months, respectively)...
February 16, 2018: Acta Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455061/relationship-between-nurse-staffing-level-and-adult-nursing-sensitive-outcomes-in-tertiary-hospitals-of-korea-retrospective-observational-study
#14
Chul-Gyu Kim, Kyun-Seop Bae
BACKGROUND: Nurse staffing level is an important factor on nursing sensitive outcome. The relationships of nurse staffing level with nursing sensitive outcomes such as mortality, upper gastrointestinal bleeding and pressure ulcer have been explored in the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. Lower level of hospital nurse staffing seems associated with more adverse outcomes, especially mortality. However, there is insufficient evidence of the nurse staffing level-outcome relationship in other indicators...
January 2, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455058/physical-activity-combined-with-resistance-training-reduces-symptoms-of-frailty-in-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Koutatsu Nagaia, Toshiaki Miyamato, Akio Okamae, Akira Tamaki, Hiroyuki Fujioka, Yosuke Wada, Yuki Uchiyama, Ken Shinmura, Kazuhisa Domen
INTRODUCTION: Increased physical activity (PA) is a crucial factor in the prevention of physical deterioration, and resistance training (RT) is also a common and effective intervention for older adults. However, the effects of PA as an adjunct to RT on frailty status remains unclear; therefore, we clarified the effect of a PA intervention with feedback, as an adjunct to resistance strength training, on the physical and mental outcomes of frail older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We employed a randomized controlled trial...
February 13, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454885/attending-to-identity-cues-reduces-the-own-age-but-not-the-own-race-recognition-advantage
#16
Valentina Proietti, Sarah Laurence, Claire M Matthew, Xiaomei Zhou, Catherine J Mondloch
Adults' ability to recognize individual faces is shaped by experience. Young adults recognize own-age and own-race faces more accurately than other-age and other-race faces. The own-age and own-race biases have been attributed to differential perceptual experience and to differences in how in-group vs. out-group faces are processed, with in-group faces being processed at the individual level and out-group faces being processed at the categorical level. To examine this social categorization hypothesis, young adults studied young and older faces in Experiment 1 and own- and other-race faces in Experiment 2...
February 15, 2018: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454605/knowledge-of-sudden-unexpected-death-in-epilepsy-sudep-among-372-patients-attending-a-german-tertiary-epilepsy-center
#17
Rainer Surges, Randi von Wrede, Thomas Porschen, Christian E Elger
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that the sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) risk can be reduced by good seizure control, nocturnal supervision, and by early cardiopulmonary resuscitation if cardiorespiratory arrest occurs in the aftermaths of generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS). These measures, however, may critically depend on the knowledge of patients and relatives on SUDEP. Here, we assessed the basic knowledge on SUDEP of people with epilepsy at a tertiary epilepsy center in Germany...
February 14, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454526/predicting-sexual-problems-in-young-adults-with-an-anorectal-malformation-or-hirschsprung-disease
#18
M J Witvliet, S van Gasteren, D van den Hondel, E Hartman, Lwe van Heurn, Afw van der Steeg
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of sexual dysfunction and distress and to assess whether sexual functioning could be predicted by psychosocial factors in childhood and adolescence in patients with an anorectal malformation or Hirschsprung disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 1998 patients completed a psychosocial questionnaire: The Self-Perception profile. To assess the prevalence of sexual distress and sexual functioning in adulthood (2015) the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), The Female Sexual Distress Scale (FSDS) and the International Index of Erectile Functioning (IIEF) were used...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454365/qualitative-evaluation-of-the-saleema-campaign-to-eliminate-female-genital-mutilation-and-cutting-in-sudan
#19
Andrea C Johnson, W Douglas Evans, Nicole Barrett, Howida Badri, Tamador Abdalla, Cody Donahue
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation and cutting (FGM/C, herein FGM) is a widespread and harmful practice. The Government developed a national campaign in Sudan, called Saleema, to change social norms discouraging FGM. Saleema translates to being "whole", healthy in body and mind, unharmed, intact, pristine, and untouched, in a God-given condition. An interim evaluation was conducted using focus groups among Sudanese adults. The primary aim was to explore perceptions of the Saleema poster exemplars and to assess if the desired themes were being communicated...
February 17, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454336/change-in-physical-activity-level-and-clinical-outcomes-in-older-adults-with-knee-pain-a-secondary-analysis-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Jonathan G Quicke, Nadine E Foster, Peter R Croft, Reuben O Ogollah, Melanie A Holden
BACKGROUND: Exercise interventions improve clinical outcomes of pain and function in adults with knee pain due to osteoarthritis and higher levels of physical activity are associated with lower severity of pain and higher levels of physical functioning in older adults with knee osteoarthritis in cross-sectional studies. However, to date no studies have investigated if change in physical activity level during exercise interventions can explain clinical outcomes of pain and function. This study aimed to investigate if change in physical activity during exercise interventions is associated with future pain and physical function in older adults with knee pain...
February 17, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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