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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913363/facial-ageing-in-south-african-adult-males
#1
Estha J Schmidlin, Maryna Steyn, Tobias M R Houlton, Nanette Briers
Knowledge of facial ageing is important in forensic facial approximation and photo identification. Previous studies mostly investigated facial ageing in European faces, and this research therefore aims to provide data on patterns of facial ageing in an African sample. One hundred eighty-nine black South African males aged 20 years and older were photographed in anterior and lateral views. Facial images were captured in a consistent position by using a Canon EOS 1300D camera and 18- to 55-mm EFS lens. Thirty individuals per decade were included, with the 80+ age category being limited to only nine participants...
May 18, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913349/associations-of-intention-to-undertake-physical-activity-among-community-dwelling-british-south-asian-adults-aged-60-years-and-over-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
M Horne, R Emsley, A Woodham, A Wearden, D A Skelton
OBJECTIVE: High prevalence of sedentary behaviour is seen in most immigrant groups in Western countries, particularly in those from the Indian subcontinent. The primary objective of this study was to determine the sociocognitive associations with intention to undertake physical activity (PA) among separate groups of Indian, Pakistani and Bangladeshi older adults aged ≥60 years in the North West of England, UK. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey METHODS: Using a cross-sectional survey, informed by the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), 138 of 964 South Asian (SA) older adults completed a mailed questionnaire that assessed self-reported PA and TPB variables...
June 15, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913316/aging-modulates-fronto-temporal-cortical-interactions-during-lexical-production-a-dynamic-causal-modeling-study
#3
E Hoyau, A Roux-Sibilon, N Boudiaf, C Pichat, E Cousin, A Krainik, A Jaillard, C Peyrin, M Baciu
In this dynamic causal modeling (DCM) study, we evaluated the effect of age on the effective connectivity of a cerebral network involved in lexical production. Younger and older adults performed an object naming task during fMRI. The DCM was used to explore the interactions between four regions of interest: the occipital cortex, OC; the lateral temporal cortex, LTC; the medial temporal cortex, MTC; and the inferior frontal cortex, IFC. We mainly focused on the modulation of the fronto-temporal interaction, according to the hypothesis that aging requires strategies that modulate the access to the semantic knowledge, either through a neural reserve mechanism (increased MTC-LTC connectivity) or through a neural compensation mechanism (supplementary IFC-MTC connectivity)...
June 15, 2018: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913199/genome-wide-profiling-of-adult-human-papillary-and-reticular-fibroblasts-identifies-acan-col-xi-%C3%AE-1-and-psg1-as-general-biomarkers-of-dermis-ageing-and-kank4-as-an-exemplary-effector-of-papillary-fibroblast-ageing-related-to-contractility
#4
Valérie Haydont, Véronique Neiveyans, Hélène Zucchi, Nicolas O Fortunel, Daniel Asselineau
Deciphering the characteristics of dermal fibroblasts is critical to further understand skin ageing. We have conducted a genome-wide transcriptomic characterization of papillary (Fp) and reticular (Fr) fibroblasts extracted from human skin samples corresponding to younger and older adult ages. From this screen, biomarkers suitable for the assessment of chronological ageing were identified, and extrapolated to the context of photo-damaged skin. In particular, KANK4, ACAN, Col XI α1, and PSG1, were expressed at an increased level in both chronologically-aged and photo-damaged skin...
June 15, 2018: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913023/immediate-postoperative-alignment-following-bimedial-rectus-recession-for-esotropia-in-children-compared-to-adults
#5
Mohamed B Hassan, Nancy N Diehl, Brian G Mohney
PURPOSE: To determine whether the immediate postoperative alignment among patients undergoing successful bilateral weakening surgery for esotropia is different in children compared to adults. METHODS: The medical records of all patients undergoing surgery for esotropia by a single surgeon at a major academic referral center between January 1, 2002, and July 1, 2014 (n = 544), were retrospectively reviewed. Exclusion criteria included those with prior strabismus surgery, unilateral surgery, strengthening procedures, vertical or superior oblique surgery, and those wearing hyperopic spectacles for accommodative esotropia...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912921/information-processes-of-task-switching-and-modality-shifting-across-development
#6
Anna Peng, Natasha Z Kirkham, Denis Mareschal
Developmental research on flexible attentional control in young children has often focused on the role of attention in task-switching in a unimodal context. In real life, children must master the art of switching attention not only between task demands, but also between sensory modalities. Previous study has shown that young children can be efficient at switching between unimodal tasks when the situation allows, incurring no greater task-switching costs than adults. However, young children may still experience a greater demand to shift attention between modalities than older participants...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912832/beyond-sentence-recognition-in-quiet-for-older-adults-implications-for-cochlear-implant-candidacy
#7
Emily Zhang, Daniel H Coelho
OBJECTIVE: To study postoperative hearing outcomes in older adult cochlear implant recipients who did not meet Medicare candidacy criteria by sentence testing in quiet. STUDY DESIGN: Case Control Series. SETTING: University Based Tertiary Referral Cochlear Implant Center. PATIENTS: Fifty-four patients age 60 or greater with bilateral moderate to profound sensorineural hearing loss who underwent cochlear implantation...
June 15, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912831/idiopathic-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-is-not-a-sentinel-event-for-acute-myocardial-infarction
#8
Matthew G Crowson, Hillary Mulder, Derek D Cyr, Alan W Langman, Walter T Lee, Kourosh Parham, Melissa A Pynnonen, Kristine Schulz, Jennifer J Shin, David Witsell, Andrea Vambutas
OBJECTIVE: Given ongoing debate about the suggested association, the primary objective was to determine if idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) was a sentinel event for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in adults. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: United States MarketScan administrative health claims database. PATIENTS: Aged 18 years or older, had a diagnosis of ISSNHL on or after January 1st, 2011 and had sufficient follow-up data available to assess for AMI occurrence...
June 15, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912818/sociodemographic-determinants-of-attrition-in-the-hiv-continuum-of-care-in-brazil-in-2016
#9
Ana Roberta Pati Pascom, Mariana Veloso Meireles, Adele Schwartz Benzaken
The aim of this study was to identify sociodemographic factors associated with attrition in the 3 steps of the HIV continuum of care related to the 90-90-90 targets - access to diagnosis, treatment initiation, and virologic suppression, in Brazilian adults (15 years or older), in 2016.Programmatic data were obtained from 2 information systems from the Brazilian Ministry of Health, which register all antiretroviral therapy (ART) dispensations and all CD4 and viral load counts (VL) performed within the country's public health system...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912666/comparing-actigraph-equations-for-estimating-energy-expenditure-in-older-adults
#10
Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, G M E E Geeske Peeters, Robert J Brychta, Kong Y Chen, Wendy J Brown
Accurate estimation of energy expenditure (EE) from accelerometer outputs remains a challenge in older adults. The aim of this study was to validate different ActiGraph (AG) equations for predicting EE in older adults. Forty older adults (age = 77.4 ± 8.1 yrs) completed a set of household/gardening activities in their residence, while wearing an AG at the hip (GT3X+) and a portable calorimeter (MetaMax 3B - criterion). Predicted EEs from AG were calculated using five equations (Freedson, refined Crouter, Sasaki and Santos-Lozano (vertical-axis, vectormagnitude))...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912653/evaluation-of-the-impact-of-a-senior-mentor-program-on-medical-students-geriatric-knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-older-adults
#11
Maria Mendoza De La Garza, Christina Tieu, Darrell Schroeder, Kathleen Lowe, Ericka Tung
Medical schools throughout the country struggle with how best to train students to provide quality, patient-centered care to the burgeoning population of older adults. The Senior Sages Program (SSP) is a longitudinal Senior Mentor Program (SMP) that offers students the opportunity to learn about the aging process and core geriatric medicine concepts through the eyes of an aging expert: their Senior Sage. The SSP marries a robust electronic curriculum with an SMP and online discussion board. The aim of this program evaluation was to measure the impact on students' geriatric knowledge and attitudes toward older adults...
June 18, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912597/cystatin-c-as-a-predictor-of-mortality-in-elderly-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#12
Sebastjan Bevc, Nina Hojs, Maša Knehtl, Robert Ekart, Radovan Hojs
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the elderly is high. Serum cystatin C is an accurate marker of kidney function and it also has prognostic utility in CKD patients. The aim of our study was to determine the prediction of serum cystatin C and other markers of kidney function on long-term survival in elderly CKD patients. METHODS: Fifty eight adult Caucasian patients, older than 65 years, without known malignancy, thyroid disease and/or not on steroid therapy were enrolled in the study...
June 18, 2018: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912584/atrial-fibrillation-in-young-patients
#13
Jean-Baptiste Gourraud, Paul Khairy, Sylvia Abadir, Rafik Tadros, Julia Cadrin-Tourigny, Laurent Macle, Katia Dyrda, Blandine Mondesert, Marc Dubuc, Peter G Guerra, Bernard Thibault, Denis Roy, Mario Talajic, Lena Rivard
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most frequent arrhythmia worldwide. While mostly seen in elderly, it can also affect young adults (≤45 years of age), older adolescent and children. Areas covered: The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the current management of AF in young patients. Specific issues arise over diagnostic workup as well as antiarrhythmic and anticoagulation therapies. The future management and diagnostic strategies are also discussed. Expert commentary: Management of AF in the young adult is largely extrapolated from adult studies and guidelines...
June 18, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912449/daily-stressor-forecasts-and-anticipatory-coping-age-differences-in-dynamic-domain-specific-processes
#14
Shevaun D Neupert, Jennifer A Bellingtier
Objective: We focused on the temporal space before stressor exposure and examined two constructs- daily stressor forecasting and anticipatory coping - for daily emotional well-being. Method: 107 younger (M age = 19.44, range 18-36) and 116 older (M age = 64.71, range 60-90) participants reported on 1627 total days via an online daily diary study. Participants reported baseline demographic information (Day 1) and stressor forecasts, anticipatory coping, stressor exposure, and negative affect (Days 2-9)...
April 18, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912295/relationships-between-tau-and-glucose-metabolism-reflect-alzheimer-s-disease-pathology-in-cognitively-normal-older-adults
#15
Jenna N Adams, Samuel N Lockhart, Lexin Li, William J Jagust
Tau is associated with hypometabolism in patients with Alzheimer's disease. In normal aging, the association between tau and glucose metabolism is not fully characterized. We used [18F] AV-1451, [18F] Fluorodeoxyglucose, and [11C] Pittsburgh Compound-B (PiB) PET to measure associations between tau and glucose metabolism in cognitively normal older adults (N = 49). Participants were divided into amyloid-negative (PiB-, n = 28) and amyloid-positive (PiB+, n = 21) groups to determine effects of amyloid-β. We assessed both local and across-brain regional tau-glucose metabolism associations separately in PiB-/PiB+ groups using correlation matrices and sparse canonical correlations...
April 18, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912269/medication-management-performance-and-associated-cognitive-correlates-in-healthy-older-adults-and-older-adults-with-amci
#16
Catherine A Sumida, Thao T Vo, Emily J Van Etten, Maureen Schmitter-Edgecombe
Objective: Difficulties managing medications, particularly among older adults experiencing cognitive deficits, is an important contributing factor to medication nonadherence that may have significant negative financial and health outcomes. The current study examined the performance of healthy older adults' (HOA) and individuals with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) on the medication management abilities assessment's (MMAA, a performance-based measure of medication management) original scoring criteria and derived error process measures, assessing medication overtaking and undertaking magnitude...
April 18, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912031/canine-outreach-promoting-engagement-the-effect-of-meaningful-activities-on-students-attitudes-toward-cognitively-impaired-older-adults
#17
B Morgan Yordy, W Stuart Pope, Chih-Hsuan Wang
Animal-assisted activities (AAAs) show promise in providing emotional and social benefits to older adults and may be used as a tool to promote therapeutic communication between students and cognitively impaired older adults. The purpose was to develop a program incorporating AAAs to enhance social engagement of cognitively impaired older adults in a community respite program and in turn enhance student comfort when caring for this vulnerable population. The Dementia Attitudes Scale, a validated tool, was used to measure students' attitudes before and after AAA intervention...
June 14, 2018: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912025/using-lean-to-enhance-heart-failure-patient-identification-processes-and-increase-core-measure-scores
#18
Jennifer R Hunt, Kelli Jo Ouellette, Michelle Reece
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is the leading cause of hospitalization among older adults in the United States. Health systems target readmission rates for quality improvement and cost reduction. LOCAL PROBLEM: Heart failure core measure (CM) scores at our medical center were lower than the national average, and methods for capturing the appropriate documentation on HF patients to ensure CM compliance were not clear. METHODS: An interdisciplinary team determined barriers to increasing CM scores, gathered baseline data, and identified gaps in the existing process...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Nursing Care Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911873/differential-5-year-brain-atrophy-rates-in-cognitively-declining-and-stable-apoe-%C3%AE%C2%B54-elders
#19
Dana A Kelly, Michael Seidenberg, Katherine Reiter, Kristy A Nielson, John L Woodard, J Carson Smith, Sally Durgerian, Stephen M Rao
OBJECTIVE: The apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 allele is the most important genetic risk factor for late-onset Alzheimer's disease. Many ε4 carriers, however, never develop Alzheimer's disease. The purpose of this study is to characterize the variability in phenotypic expression of the ε4 allele, as measured by the longitudinal trajectory of cognitive test scores and MRI brain volumes, in cognitively intact elders. METHOD: Healthy older adults, ages 65-85, participated in a 5-year longitudinal study that included structural MRI and cognitive testing administered at baseline and at 1...
June 18, 2018: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911761/antibiotic-exposure-in-the-community-and-resistance-patterns-of-escherichia-coli-community-acquired-bloodstream-infection
#20
Bat-Sheva Gottesman, Pnina Shitrit, Michal Katzir, Michal Chowers
BACKGROUND: Increasing antibiotic resistance in the community results in greater use of empiric broad spectrum antibiotics for patients at hospital admission. As a measure of antibiotic stewardship it is important to identify a patient population that can receive narrow spectrum antibiotics. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate resistance patterns of Escherichia coli bloodstream infection (BSI) from strictly community-acquired infection and the impact of recent antibiotic use on this resistance...
June 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
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