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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229342/the-prevalence-and-types-of-strabismus-and-average-of-stereopsis-in-japanese-adults
#1
Toshiaki Goseki, Hitoshi Ishikawa
PURPOSE: Few studies report the prevalence and types of strabismus, or average of stereopsis in Japanese adults. We performed ophthalmological evaluation including motility and stereopsis during medical examinations at cooperative companies. METHODS: We studies 1214 volunteers. The average age was 41.2 ± 12.6 (range 20-86) years. Examinations were carried out using their customary eyewear, evaluating alternate prism cover test (APCT), and Titmus stereo test (TST)...
February 22, 2017: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210447/the-effect-of-different-insertion-techniques-on-the-depth-of-cure-and-vickers-surface-micro-hardness-of-two-bulk-fill-resin-composite-materials
#2
Lamiaa-Mahmoud Moharam, Ahmed-Zohair El-Hoshy, Karim Abou-Elenein
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the Vickers surface micro-hardness and the depth of cure of two bulk-fill resin composites and one incremental-fill resin composite. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two Bulk-fill dental resin composites (X-tra Fil, Voco; Sonic-FillTM 2, Kerr Corporation) and an incremental-fill dental resin composite (Filtek™ Z250 XT, 3M ESPE) were used. Sixty cylindrical specimens of 4 mm thickness were prepared using split Teflon moulds...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208997/comparison-of-self-etch-primers-with-conventional-acid-etching-system-on-orthodontic-brackets
#3
Amit Zope, Yogita Zope-Khalekar, Shrikant S Chitko, Veerendra V Kerudi, Harshal Ashok Patil, Prasad Vasudeo Bonde, Pratik Jaltare, Siddhesh G Dolas
INTRODUCTION: The self-etching primer system consists of etchant and primer dispersed in a single unit. The etching and priming are merged as a single step leading to fewer stages in bonding procedure and reduction in the number of steps that also reduces the chance of introduction of error, resulting in saving time for the clinician. It also results in smaller extent of enamel decalcification. AIM: To compare the Shear Bond Strength (SBS) of orthodontic bracket bonded with Self-Etch Primers (SEP) and conventional acid etching system and to study the surface appearance of teeth after debonding; etching with conventional acid etch and self-etch priming, using stereomicroscope...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205490/diagnosing-feline-infectious-peritonitis-using-the-sysmex-xt-2000iv-based-on-frozen-supernatants-from-cavitary-effusions
#4
Angelica Stranieri, Saverio Paltrinieri, Alessia Giordano
The delta total nucleated cells (ΔTNC) measurement with the Sysmex XT-2000iV (Sysmex Europe, Norderstedt, Germany) has high diagnostic accuracy on effusions in feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) cases, but the test can be performed only on fresh samples. We evaluated whether supernatants from effusions retain the ability to induce cell clumping and assessed the diagnostic accuracy of this modified ΔTNC method. Effusions were collected from FIP cats ( n = 19) and from cats with other diseases ( n = 15). ΔTNC was measured on fresh samples and on frozen-thawed supernatants after the addition of feline blood at 1:10 dilution...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198787/serologic-responses-after-hepatitis-b-vaccination-in-preterm-infants-born-to-hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-positive-mothers-singapore-experience
#5
Tan Xt Christelle, Chan Si Min, Le Ye Lee, Christina Ong, Kong Boo Phua, Marion M Aw, Sharon Saw, Guan Huei Lee, Franco Wong, Koh Cheng Thoon
BACKGROUND: The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends a 4-dose vaccination schedule for preterm low birth weight infants (<2kg) and a 3-dose vaccination schedule for preterm infants (≥2kg) born to hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive mothers. However, data remain limited for these high risk infants and the optimal dosing schedule in Asia is not well established. AIM: We aimed to evaluate the serologic vaccine responses in preterm infants born to HBsAg positive mothers using current vaccination guidelines...
February 13, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188406/comparative-study-of-plication-recession-versus-resection-recession-in-unilateral-surgery-for-intermittent-exotropia
#6
Yugo Kimura, Tohru Kimura
PURPOSE: Plication is a muscle-strengthening procedure in which a muscle is not dissected from its point of insertion. The purpose of this study was to compare the results of plication-recession (PR) with those of resection-recession (RR) in adult patients with intermittent exotropia (XT). METHODS: Patients with XT who underwent either PR or RR with a minimum postoperative follow-up of 12 months were retrospectively reviewed. Postoperative mean distance deviation and surgical outcomes were compared at 1 week and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months, and at the final follow-up...
February 10, 2017: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187474/new-mitral-annuloplasty-ring-enables-oversizing-of-transcatheter-heart-valve-and-prevents-central-or-paravalvular-leakage
#7
Georg Daniel Duerr, Jan-Malte Sinning, Armin Georg Welz, Fritz Mellert
Background Transcatheter valve-in-ring strategies have been developed to treat recurrent mitral regurgitation (MR) after failing surgical annuloplasty. However, suboptimal THV expansion with consecutive paravalvular leakage (PVL) is a procedure-immanent issue. Methods A rigid, saddle-shaped ring was cut at four locations. The segments were reconnected with pull-springs, rearranged to the original shape, and covered with a sewing cuff. The length of the annuloplasty ring construct, including extended pull-springs, was defined by the perimeter of an appropriate THV...
February 10, 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185386/endodontic-irrigation-protocols-effects-on-bonding-of-adhesive-systems-to-coronal-enamel-and-dentin
#8
Marcos Paulo Marchiori Carvalho, Victor Hugo Carvalho Morari, Alexandre Henrique Susin, Rachel De Oliveira Rocha, Luiz Felipe Valandro, Fabio Zovico Maxnuck Soares
OBJECTIVE:  To evaluate the influence of endodontic irrigation protocols on bond strength of total-etch and self-etch adhesive systems to coronal enamel and dentin. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  A total of 66 coronal slices from 11 permanent molars were assigned to six groups (n = 11): endodontic irrigation protocols (5% sodium hypochlorite + 17% EDTA; 2% chlorhexidine gel + saline solution + 17% EDTA or no solution - control) and adhesive systems (Adper Single Bond 2 or Clearfil SE Bond)...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184346/the-interference-phenomenon-of-microcatheters-in-the-jailing-treatment-for-internal-carotid-artery-side-wall-aneurysms-with-an-open-cell-stent-system
#9
Minwook Yoo, Sung-Chul Jin, Seung-Hwan Kim, Byeong-Sam Choi, Hae Yu Kim, SungJun Lee, Sung Tae Kim, Hae Woong Jeong
OBJECTIVE: Excelsior XT-27 (Stryker Neurovascular, Fremont, CA, USA) or Rebar 27 (eV3 Covidien, Irvine, CA, USA) microcatheters have recently been used to overcome the limitations of the Renegade Hi-Flo microcatheter such as interference between two microcatheters (one for stent delivery and the other for cerebral aneurysm coiling) during the jailing technique. We evaluated differences and influential factors related to the interference phenomenon according to these two microcatheters group...
December 2016: Journal of Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183617/physical-chemical-and-antimicrobial-evaluation-of-a-composite-material-containing-quaternary-ammonium-salt-for-braces-cementation
#10
Mari Miura Sugii, Fábio Augusto de Souza Ferreira, Karina Cogo Müller, Debora Alves Nunes Leite Lima, Francisco Carlos Groppo, Hidetake Imasato, Ubirajara Pereira Rodrigues-Filho, Flávio Henrique Baggio Aguiar
The antibiofilm effect of iodide quaternary ammonium methacryloxy silicate (IQAMS) in Transbond XT Light Cure Adhesive resin used for braces cementation was evaluated. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy confirmed IQAMS formation and Scanning Electron Microscopy coupled to Energy-Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) revealed that as coating, the quaternary ammonium groups from IQAMS were homogeneously dispersed throughout the surface. When incorporated, the composite material presented homogeneous dispersion throughout the resin...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181129/circulating-tumor-cells-as-a-prognostic-marker-for-efficacy-in-the-randomized-phase-iii-jo21095-trial-in-japanese-patients-with-her2-negative-metastatic-breast-cancer
#11
Hiroji Iwata, Norikazu Masuda, Daigo Yamamoto, Yoshiaki Sagara, Nobuaki Sato, Yutaka Yamamoto, Mitsue Saito, Takashi Fujita, Shoji Oura, Junichiro Watanabe, Masami Tsukabe, Kazumi Horiguchi, Satoshi Hattori, Yoshimasa Matsuura, Katsumasa Kuroi
PURPOSE: Prognostic effects of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have been reported in metastatic breast cancer (MBC). However, few phase III trials have investigated the potential role of CTCs in treatment selection. We explored potential relationships between CTCs, efficacy, and differential treatment effects. METHODS: Patients with HER2-negative MBC were randomized to receive either concurrent capecitabine plus docetaxel (XT) or sequential single-agent docetaxel followed by single-agent capecitabine at progression (T → X)...
February 8, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176612/comparison-of-the-sysmex-xt-2000iv-with-microscopic-differential-counts-of-canine-bone-marrow
#12
Iris Pernecker, Natali B Bauer, Sigrid Johannes, Melanie Ginder, Johannes H Harleman, Andreas Moritz
Canine bone marrow is frequently assessed in the advanced preclinical research environment. Automated analysis provides time savings and objectivity over the gold standard of microscopic (cytologic) evaluation. We compared the analysis of 90 canine bone marrow samples by the Sysmex XT-2000iV hematology analyzer (Sysmex Corp., Kobe, Japan) with cytologic evaluation. Gates for cell populations were created in the system's WBC/BASO channel. Variables "total nucleated red blood cells" (total_NRBC), "poly- and orthochromatic nucleated red blood cells" (poly_orth_NRBC), "total neutrophils" (total_NEUT), "mature neutrophils" (mature_NEUT), and myeloid-to-erythroid (M:E) ratio were compared with cytologic evaluation...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173673/-ventana-xt-automated-immunohistochemical-staining-machine-applications-and-trouble-shooting-use-and-the-problems-in-the-solution
#13
X Z Huang, L X Zhou, X H Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169312/antibacterial-activity-and-bonding-ability-of-an-orthodontic-adhesive-containing-the-antibacterial-monomer-2-methacryloxylethyl-hexadecyl-methyl-ammonium-bromide
#14
Fan Yu, Yan Dong, Hao-Han Yu, Ping-Ting Lin, Ling Zhang, Xiang Sun, Yan Liu, Yu-Ning Xia, Li Huang, Ji-Hua Chen
Irreversible white spot lesion (WSL) occurs in up to 50% of patients during orthodontic treatment. Therefore, orthodontic adhesives need to be able to inhibit or reduce bacterial growth in order to prevent or minimize WSL. This study evaluated the antibacterial effect and shear bond strength (SBS) of a resin-based orthodontic adhesive containing the antibacterial monomer 2-methacryloxylethyl hexadecyl methyl ammonium bromide (MAE-HB). MAE-HB was added at three concentrations (1, 3, and 5 wt%) to a commercial orthodontic adhesive Transbond XT, while the blank control comprised unmodified Transbond XT...
February 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162223/impact-of-subclinical-vascular-complications-detected-by-systematic-postprocedural-multidetector-computed-tomography-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-using-balloon-expandable-edwards-sapien-xt-heart-valve
#15
Yuki Kakefuda, Kentaro Hayashida, Yoshitake Yamada, Fumiaki Yashima, Taku Inohara, Ryo Yanagisawa, Makoto Tanaka, Takahide Arai, Takashi Kawakami, Yuichiro Maekawa, Hikaru Tsuruta, Yuji Itabashi, Mitsushige Murata, Motoaki Sano, Kazuma Okamoto, Akihiro Yoshitake, Hideyuki Shimizu, Masahiro Jinzaki, Keiichi Fukuda
Complications after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) remain an important issue. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of systematic postprocedural multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) to detect subclinical complications after TAVI. From October 2013 to August 2015, a total of 135 patients who underwent transfemoral TAVI (n = 116) or transapical TAVI (n = 19) with Sapien XT and MDCT preprocedure and postprocedure were enrolled. Postprocedural MDCT findings were compared with the preprocedural MDCT findings...
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161895/comparative-study-of-dental-enamel-loss-after-debonding-braces-by-analytical-scanning-electron-microscopy-sem
#16
Jacqueline Adelina Rodríguez-Chávez, Jesús Arenas-Alatorre, Irma Araceli Belio-Reyes
Clinical procedures when shear forces are applied to brackets suggest adhesion forces between 2.8 and 10.0 MPa as appropriate. In this study dental enamel was evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) before and after removing the brackets. Thirty bicuspids (previous prophylaxis) with metallic brackets (Roth Inovation 0.022 GAC), Transbond Plus SEP 3M Unitek adhesive and Transbond XT 3M resin were used. The samples were preserved to 37°C during 24 hr and submited to tangential forces with the Instron Universal machine 1...
February 5, 2017: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159378/valve-in-valve-implantation-of-a-sapien-3-transcatheter-heart-valve-for-reduction-of-paravalvular-regurgitation-despite-optimal-placement-of-the-first-transcatheter-heart%C3%A2-valve
#17
Ayoub El Hammiri, Jeannot Potvin, Jean-François Gobeil, Nicolas Noiseux, Louis-Mathieu Stevens, Jean-Bernard Masson
Valve-in-valve implantation is generally successful in reducing paravalvular regurgitation (PVR) in cases in which the first transcatheter heart valve is deployed in a suboptimal location. We describe a case of severe PVR 2 months after implantation of a 26-mm Sapien XT valve (Edwards Lifesciences Inc, Irvine, CA) in the optimal location. Valve-in-valve implantation of a Sapien 3 valve (Edwards Lifesciences Inc), and enough left ventricular outflow tract tissue at the inflow edge the Sapien XT to appose the sealing cuff of the Sapien 3 combined for successful PVR treatment...
November 29, 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154543/different-methods-for-long-term-systematic-assessment-of-challenging-behaviors-in-people-with-severe-intellectual-disability
#18
Candida Delgado, Rodrigo G Gonzalez-Gordon, Estívaliz Aragón, Jose I Navarro
The aim of this study was to compare the advantages and disadvantages of different behavioral assessment procedures with the purpose of design a long-term assessment procedure that brings together the benefits observed. The study involved four adults with severe and profound intellectual disabilities and severe behavioral problems. A behavioral assessment has been carried out with Scatter Plot, Antecedent-Behavior-Consequence record sheets and, finally, The Observer XT. We conducted a comprehensive assessment of challenging behavior of each participant, by reviewing bio-psychosocial records, interviewing family and direct caregiver staff, as well as direct observation...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128540/determinants-of-aortic-regurgitation-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-an-observational-study-using-multi-slice-computed-tomography-msct-guided-sizing
#19
Zouhair Rahhab, Nahid El Faquir, Ramón Rodríguez-Olivares, Claire Ren, Nicolas VAN Mieghem, Marcel L Geleijnse, Carl Schultz, Ron VAN Domburg, Peter P DE Jaegere
BACKGROUND: To explore the determinants of aortic regurgitation (AR) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) using Multi Slice Computed Tomography (MSCT) instead of echocardiography-guided sizing. METHODS: Determinants of AR were assessed in 313 consecutive patients who underwent TAVI with the Medtronic(MCS, n=259) or Edwards Sapien or XT(ESV, n=54) using MSCT- guided sizing. AR was assessed by angiography immediately after TAVI (n=313, Sellers) and by echocardiography at discharge (n=285, VARC-2)...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127332/effect-of-addition-of-curcumin-nanoparticles-on-antimicrobial-property-and-shear-bond-strength-of-orthodontic-composite-to-bovine-enamel
#20
Ahmad Sodagar, Abbas Bahador, Maryam Pourhajibagher, Badreddin Ahmadi, Pedram Baghaeian
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the effect of curcumin nanoparticles (curcNPs) on antimicrobial property and shear bond strength (SBS) of orthodontic composite to bovine enamel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this in vitro, experimental study, 1%, 5% and 10% curcNPs were added to Transbond XT composite. Stainless steel brackets were bonded to 48 sound bovine incisors in four groups (n=12) using composite containing 0% (control), 1%, 5% and 10% curcNPs. The bracket-tooth SBS was measured by a universal testing machine...
September 2016: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
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