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Alireza Vakilian, Seyed Moein Razavi-Nasab, Ali Ravari, Tayebeh Mirzaei, Amir Moghadam-Ahmadi, Nazanin Jalali, Reza Bahramabadi, Mohammadtaghi Rezayati, Amin Yazdanpanah-Ravari, Farhad Bahmaniar, Mohammad Reza Bagheri, Mahmood Sheikh Fathollahi, Gholamreza Asadikaram, Mohammad Kazemi Arababadi
INTRODUCTION: Patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) suffer from psychotic symptoms including pain. The current antipsychotic drugs confer limited effectiveness, and hence new strategies are being designed to decrease pain in order to increase antipsychological effectiveness. Vitamin B12 is a safe supplementary drug to decrease pain. Additionally, cytokines participate in the pathogenesis of immune-related diseases such as AD. Thus, the main aim of this clinical trial study was to determine the effects of treatment with risperidone and quetiapine, as antipsychotic drugs, with and without vitamin B12 on the psychotic symptoms of AD patients and the expression of IL-6, IL-8, tumor growth factor (TGF)-β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and endothelin (ET)-1)...
March 20, 2018: Neuroimmunomodulation
(no author information available yet)
Stachler RJ, Francis DO, Schwartz SR, et al. Clinical practice guideline: hoarseness (dysphonia) (update). Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;158:S1-S42. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0194599817751030) Stachler RJ, Francis DO, Schwartz SR, et al. Clinical practice guideline: hoarseness (dysphonia) (update) executive summary. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;158:409-426. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0194599817751031) Krouse HJ, Reavis CW, Stachler RJ, Francis DO, O'Connor S. Plain language summary: hoarseness (dysphonia). Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Stefano Battaglia, Sebastian Keller, Stefan Knecht
We present an implementation of the relativistic quantum-chemical density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) approach based on a matrix-product formalism. Our approach allows us to optimize matrix product state (MPS) wave functions including a variational description of scalar-relativistic effects and spin-orbit coupling from which we can calculate, for example, first-order electric and magnetic properties in a relativistic framework. While complementing our pilot implementation (S. Knecht et al., J. Chem...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
(no author information available yet)
The Molecules Editorial Office wishes to make the following erratum to this paper [1].[...].
March 20, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Arlene A Forastiere, Susan G Fisher, Gregory T Wolf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Jin Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Matthew L Webb, Robert M Campbell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Daniel O Scharfstein, Aidan McDermott
Randomized trials with patient-reported outcomes are commonly plagued by missing data. The analysis of such trials relies on untestable assumptions about the missing data mechanism. To address this issue, it has been recommended that the sensitivity of the trial results to assumptions should be a mandatory reporting requirement. In this paper, we discuss a recently developed methodology (Scharfstein et al., Biometrics, 2018) for conducting sensitivity analysis of randomized trials in which outcomes are scheduled to be measured at fixed points in time after randomization and some subjects prematurely withdraw from study participation...
January 1, 2018: Statistical Methods in Medical Research
Margherita Maiuri, Johanna Brazard
During the last two decades, 2D optical techniques have been extended to the visible range, targeting electronic transitions. Since the report of the very first 2D electronic measurement (Hybl et al. in J Chem Phys 115:6606-6622, [2001]), two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy (2DES) has allowed fundamentally new insights into the structure and dynamics of condensed-phase systems (Ginsberg et al. in Acc Chem Res 42:1352-1363, 2009; Jonas in Annu Rev Phys Chem 54:425-463, 2003), producing experiments that measure correlations among electronic states of an absorbing species within complex systems...
March 20, 2018: Topics in Current Chemistry (Journal)
Daniel K Ting, Eddy S Lang
Clinical question Should I use apneic oxygenation when intubating patients in the emergency department to increase peri-intubation oxygen saturation and first-pass success? Article chosen Oliveira JE, Silva L, Cabrera D, Barrionuevo P, et al. Effectiveness of apneic oxygenation during intubation: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ann Emerg Med 2017;70(4):483-94. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to synthesize and appraise the apneic oxygenation literature for its effect on peri-intubation outcomes...
March 20, 2018: CJEM
Silje B Jørgensen, Nina Handal, Kaja Linn Fjeldsæter, Lars Kåre Kleppe, Torni Myrbakk, Dorthea Hagen Oma, Yngvar Tveten, Mette Walberg, Grethe Ørnevik
BAKGRUNN: I norsk helsevesen gjennomføres omfattende tiltak for å hindre spredning av meticillinresistente Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Vi ønsket å undersøke hvor mange smitteoppsporinger som gjøres rundt nyoppdagede MRSA-tilfeller hos pasienter og ansatte i sykehus, og hvor ofte smitteoppsporingene fører til ytterligere funn hos helsepersonell. MATERIALE OG METODE: I denne retrospektive observasjonsstudien bidro smittevernenhetene ved åtte helseforetak i landets fire helseregioner med opplysninger om MRSA-funn hos helsepersonell etter gjennomførte MRSA-smitteoppsporinger...
March 19, 2018: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
Geneviève Gauthier, Patrick Gagnon-Sanschagrin, Annie Guérin, Rebecca Burne, Tania Small, Polly Niravath, Anand A Dalal
INTRODUCTION: Premenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HR+/HER2-) metastatic breast cancer (mBC) have complex treatment needs and may receive sequential combinations of endocrine therapy (ET) or chemotherapy. This study describes healthcare utilization (HRU) and costs among premenopausal women with HR+/HER2- mBC in real-world settings from a payer's perspective. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, premenopausal women with HR+/HER2- mBC who received ET or chemotherapy were identified from the Truven Health Analytics MarketScan database (1 January 2006-31 December 2015)...
March 20, 2018: Advances in Therapy
Jessica S Merlin, Jane M Liebschutz, Joanna L Starrels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 19, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Bram Verstockt, Marc Ferrante, Séverine Vermeire, Gert Van Assche
The advent of anti-TNF agents has dramatically changed the treatment algorithms for IBD in the last 15 years, but primarily and more importantly secondary loss of response is often observed. Fortunately , new treatment options have been actively explored and some have already entered our clinical practice. In the class of anti-cytokine agents, the anti-IL12/IL23 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have entered clinical practice with the anti-p40 mAb ustekinumab in Crohn's disease (CD). Also, more selective anti-IL23 agents (anti-p19) have shown efficacy and are being further developed, in contrast to agents inhibiting IL-17 downstream which have failed in clinical trials despite their clear efficacy in psoriasis (Verstockt et al...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology
Eloise M Biggs, Niladri Gupta, Sukanya D Saikia, John M A Duncan
This article provides summary data regarding tea production in Assam, India. Questionnaires were completed by tea producers and focus group discussions undertaken with tea workers. These data are presented for the four main tea growing regions of the state (Cachar, North Bank, South Bank and Upper Assam). Tables detail tea production characteristics of the tea plantations for both large- (> 10 ha) and small- (< 10 ha) holders. Figures provide supplementary information for research by Biggs et al. [1] regarding fertilizer application, landscape management strategies, healthcare provisioning and educational facilities within plantations, as well as detailing the livelihood dimensions of tea workers...
April 2018: Data in Brief
Mathilde Koch, Amir Pandi, Baudoin Delépine, Jean-Loup Faulon
The aim of this dataset is to identify and collect compounds that are known for being detectable by a living cell, through the action of a genetically encoded biosensor and is centred on bacterial transcription factors. Such a dataset should open the possibility to consider a wide range of applications in synthetic biology. The reader will find in this dataset the name of the compounds, their InChI (molecular structure), the publication where the detection was reported, the organism in which this was detected or engineered, the type of detection and experiment that was performed as well as the name of the biosensor...
April 2018: Data in Brief
Justine Ngoma, Eddy Moors, Bart Kruijt, James H Speer, Royd Vinya, Emmanuel N Chidumayo, Rik Leemans
This paper presents data on carbon stocks of tropical tree species along a rainfall gradient. The data was generated from the Sesheke, Namwala, and Kabompo sites in Zambia. Though above-ground data was generated for all these three sites, we uprooted trees to determine below-ground biomass from the Sesheke site only. The vegetation was assessed in all three sites. The data includes tree diameter at breast height (DBH), total tree height, wood density, wood dry weight and root dry weight for large (≥ 5 cm DBH) and small (< 5 cm DBH) trees...
April 2018: Data in Brief
Cheng-Hui Zeng, Hao-Ran Li, Zi-Qi Liu, Fei Chen, Shengliang Zhong
In this data article, we present the structural and PARD data of the Ln-MOFs. Detailed structure, luminescence and sensing properties were discussed in our previous study (Zeng et al., in press) [1] The data includes the SBU structure patterns of these Ln-MOFs, thermostability of Ln-MOFs in water and also detailed structure information listed in Table 1, Table 2, Table 3, Table 4, Table 5, Table 6, Table 7, Table 8.
April 2018: Data in Brief
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