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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936093/olfactory-assessment-of-competitors-to-the-nest-site-an-experiment-on-a-passerine-species
#1
Matteo Griggio, Gerardo Fracasso, Katharina Mahr, Herbert Hoi
Since most avian species have been considered anosmic or microsmatic, olfaction and associated behavioural patterns have hardly been investigated. Most importantly, empirical data on avian olfaction is not equally distributed among species. Initial investigations focused on species with relatively big olfactory bulbs because they were thought to have better olfactory capabilities. Hence, in this study we tested the ability of house sparrows (Passer domesticus) to use chemical cues as parameters to estimate nest features...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931308/laparotomic-approach-for-collecting-serial-hepatic-biopsies-in-rats-rattus-norvegicus-and-mice-mus-musculus
#2
Mia T Lieberman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929498/dosimetric-comparison-of-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-and-volumetric-modulated-arc-radiotherapy-in-patients-with-prostate-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#3
Wenting Ren, Chao Sun, Ningning Lu, Yingjie Xu, Fei Han, Yue Ping Liu, Jianrong Dai
Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) are two main radiotherapy techniques. The aim of this study is to explore which is the preferred technique in prostate treatment through the related publica-tions and meta-analysis. Two authors independently identified all relevant articles available regarding eligibility criteria on PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases until December 2015. Publication bias was evaluated with funnel plot, and statistical analyses were performed with Stata software...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924582/modeling-rasopathies-with-genetically-modified-mouse-models
#4
Isabel Hernández-Porras, Carmen Guerra
The RAS/MAPK signaling pathway plays key roles in development, cell survival and proliferation, as well as in cancer pathogenesis. Molecular genetic studies have identified a group of developmental syndromes, the RASopathies, caused by germ line mutations in this pathway. The syndromes included within this classification are neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), Noonan syndrome (NS), Noonan syndrome with multiple lentigines (NS-ML, formerly known as LEOPARD syndrome), Costello syndrome (CS), cardio-facio-cutaneous syndrome (CFC), Legius syndrome (LS, NF1-like syndrome), capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation syndrome (CM-AVM), and hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF) type 1...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923647/mouse-sensitization-and-exposure-are-associated-with-asthma-severity-in-urban-children
#5
Torie Grant, Charles Aloe, Matthew Perzanowski, Wanda Phipatanakul, Mary E Bollinger, Rachel Miller, Elizabeth C Matsui
BACKGROUND: Mouse sensitization and exposure are associated with uncontrolled asthma, but whether they are associated with asthma severity, an intrinsic disease characteristic and long-term outcome predictor, is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine relationships between mouse sensitization and/or exposure and asthma severity in urban children. METHODS: A total of 645 children (5-17 years) with uncontrolled asthma underwent mouse sensitization evaluation...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922085/diversity-of-major-urinary-proteins-mups-in-wild-house-mice
#6
Michaela Thoß, Viktoria Enk, Hans Yu, Ingrid Miller, Kenneth C Luzynski, Boglarka Balint, Steve Smith, Ebrahim Razzazi-Fazeli, Dustin J Penn
Major urinary proteins (MUPs) are often suggested to be highly polymorphic, and thereby provide unique chemical signatures used for individual and genetic kin recognition; however, studies on MUP variability have been lacking. We surveyed populations of wild house mice (Mus musculus musculus), and examined variation of MUP genes and proteins. We sequenced several Mup genes (9 to 11 loci) and unexpectedly found no inter-individual variation. We also found that microsatellite markers inside the MUP cluster show remarkably low levels of allelic diversity, and significantly lower than the diversity of markers flanking the cluster or other markers in the genome...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921093/evaluation-of-a-novel-semi-automated-ultrasound-system-for-the-detection-of-synovitis-a-prospective-study-involving-45-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#7
M Witt, J Frielinghausen, R Mueller, F Mueller, F Proft, H Schulze-Koops, M Grunke, D-A Clevert
Background: Arthrosonography has proven to be more sensitive and reliable for the detection of synovitis than clinical examination, but a comprehensive examination of small joints is time-consuming. The automated breast volume scanner (ABVS) has been developed to allow automatic and reproducible series of consecutive B-mode pictures of the female breast. Objectives: To analyze the comparability of ABVS and conventional manual ultrasonography (mUS) for the detection of synovitis in hands and feet of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA)...
November 2016: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920797/genome-wide-association-study-for-identifying-loci-that-affect-fillet-yield-carcass-and-body-weight-traits-in-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss
#8
Dianelys Gonzalez-Pena, Guangtu Gao, Matthew Baranski, Thomas Moen, Beth M Cleveland, P Brett Kenney, Roger L Vallejo, Yniv Palti, Timothy D Leeds
Fillet yield (FY, %) is an economically-important trait in rainbow trout aquaculture that affects production efficiency. Despite that, FY has received little attention in breeding programs because it is difficult to measure on a large number of fish and cannot be directly measured on breeding candidates. The recent development of a high-density SNP array for rainbow trout has provided the needed tool for studying the underlying genetic architecture of this trait. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) was conducted for FY, body weight at 10 (BW10) and 13 (BW13) months post-hatching, head-off carcass weight (CAR), and fillet weight (FW) in a pedigreed rainbow trout population selectively bred for improved growth performance...
2016: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911911/genetic-diversity-and-structure-analysis-of-percocypris-pingi-cypriniformes-cyprinidae-implications-for-conservation-and-hatchery-release-in-the-yalong-river
#9
Xiaoyan Li, Yuanping Deng, Kun Yang, Weixiong Gan, Rukui Zeng, Longjun Deng, Zhaobin Song
Percocypris pingi is a near threatened cyprinid species, which has suffered a dramatic decline due to anthropogenic factors. As one response to this decline, hatchery release for P. pingi has been conducted in the lower reaches of the Yalong River since 2012. To understand the conservation status of this species and the potential impact of the release of hatchery-reared fish, we studied the genetic diversity and population structure of wild and hatchery populations of P. pingi. Two hatchery populations (Jinping [JPH] and Ya'an [YAH]) and two wild populations (Muli [MLW] and Woluo [WLW]) of P...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909889/long-term-results-of-a-modified-expansion-sphincter-pharyngoplasty-for-sleep-disordered-breathing
#10
Anne-Sophie Despeghel, Lisabeth Mus, Catherine Dick, Stephan Vlaminck, Rudolf Kuhweide, Bob Lerut, Kato Speleman, Anne-Sophie Vinck, Tom Vauterin
Our aim was to evaluate the long-term objective and subjective results of a modified expansion sphincter pharyngoplasty (ESP) technique in patients with sleep-disordered breathing. Single center prospective study of 35 patients underwent an ESP as a primary surgical treatment between June 2012 and September 2015 at the hospital AZ Sint-Jan Bruges-Ostend. Patients were divided into non-OSAS and OSAS (AHI >5). Primary outcome parameters were the Epworth Sleeping Scale (ESS, reduction and score less then 10) and the Visual Analogue Score of snoring (VAS, assessed by partner) evaluated at 3 months and 1 year...
December 1, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909874/is-daily-low-dose-aspirin-safe-to-take-following-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-for-obesity-surgery
#11
Xian Kang, Dennis Hong, Mehran Anvari, Maria Tiboni, Nalin Amin, Scott Gmora
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) surgery is a safe and effective procedure for patients with severe obesity. One potential complication of LRYGB is the development of marginal ulcers (MUs). Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are known to significantly increase the likelihood of developing marginal ulcers after surgery. However, the risk associated with low-dose aspirin consumption is not well defined. We examined the impact of daily low-dose aspirin (81 mg) on the development of marginal ulcers following LRYGB...
December 1, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901112/depletion-of-trna-halves-enables-effective-small-rna-sequencing-of-low-input-murine-serum-samples
#12
Alan Van Goethem, Nurten Yigit, Celine Everaert, Myrthala Moreno-Smith, Liselot M Mus, Eveline Barbieri, Frank Speleman, Pieter Mestdagh, Jason Shohet, Tom Van Maerken, Jo Vandesompele
The ongoing ascent of sequencing technologies has enabled researchers to gain unprecedented insights into the RNA content of biological samples. MiRNAs, a class of small non-coding RNAs, play a pivotal role in regulating gene expression. The discovery that miRNAs are stably present in circulation has spiked interest in their potential use as minimally-invasive biomarkers. However, sequencing of blood-derived samples (serum, plasma) is challenging due to the often low RNA concentration, poor RNA quality and the presence of highly abundant RNAs that dominate sequencing libraries...
November 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899289/protective-propensity-of-bacoside-a-and-bromelain-on-renal-cholinesterases-%C3%AE-aminobutyric-acid-and-serotonin-level-of-mus-musculus-intoxicated-with-dichlorvos
#13
Sonam Agarwal, Bharti Chaudhary, Renu Bist
Current study established a protective action of bacoside A and bromelain against the toxic effects of dichlorvos in kidneys of mice. Experimental design included five groups. The first group was control. Mice of groups II, III and IV were administered doses of dichlorvos, bromelain and bacoside A respectively. In group V, mice were treated with both the antioxidants (bacoside A and bromelain) and dichlorvos. After 21 days of exposure of different doses, levels of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and serotonin were measured in renal tissues...
November 27, 2016: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898842/inferring-phenotypic-causal-structures-among-meat-quality-traits-and-the-application-of-a-structural-equation-model-in-japanese-black-cattle
#14
K Inoue, B D Valente, N Shoji, T Honda, K Oyama, G J M Rosa
Meat quality is one of the most important traits determining carcass price in the Japanese beef market. Optimized breeding goals and management practices for the improvement of meat quality traits requires knowledge regarding any potential functional relationships between them. In this context, the objective of this research was to infer phenotypic causal networks involving beef marbling score (BMS), beef color score (BCL), firmness of beef (FIR), texture of beef (TEX), beef fat color score (BFS), and the ratio of MUFA to SFA (MUS) from 11,855 Japanese Black cattle...
October 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894609/what-is-the-problem-with-medically-unexplained-symptoms-for-gps-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#15
REVIEW
May-Lill Johansen, Mette Bech Risor
OBJECTIVE: To gain a deeper understanding of challenges faced by GPs when managing patients with MUS. METHODS: We used meta-ethnography to synthesize qualitative studies on GPs' perception and management of MUS. RESULTS: The problem with MUS for GPs is the epistemological incongruence between dominant disease models and the reality of meeting patients suffering from persistent illness. GPs have used flexible approaches to manage the situation, yet patients and doctors have had parallel negative experiences of being stuck, untrustworthy and helpless...
November 21, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886517/organic-vs-functional-neurological-disorders-the-role-of-childhood-psychological-trauma
#16
Thanos Karatzias, Ruth Howard, Kevin Power, Florentina Socherel, Craig Heath, Alison Livingstone
Although the relationship between psychological trauma and medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) is well established, this relationship is less well understood in people with medically unexplained neurological symptoms. In the present study, we set out to compare people with functional neurological disorders, and organic neurological disorders, in terms of childhood and adulthood traumatic events, traumatic stress, emotional dysregulation and symptoms of depression and anxiety. We have hypothesised that those with functional neurological disorders would be more likely to report childhood and adulthood traumatic life events, traumatic symptomatology, emotional dysregulation and symptoms of anxiety and depression, compared to those with organic neurological disorders...
November 22, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871816/experimental-transmission-of-rabbit-haemorrhagic-disease-virus-rhdv-from-rabbit-to-wild-mice-mus-spretus-and-apodemus-sylvaticus-under-laboratory-conditions
#17
Gregorio Rocha, Fernando Alda, Albert Pagés, Tomás Merchán
Rabbit haemorrhagic disease (RHD) is a highly lethal and contagious viral disease that produces haemorrhagic lesions in liver and lungs of domestic and wild rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus). This study investigates the transmission of RHDV from infected rabbits to mice, based on the detection of viral RNA. Sixteen wild mice (Mus spretus, n=12 and Apodemus sylvaticus, n=4) were put in contact with nine rabbits inoculated with RHDV. No mice died following exposure to RHDV-infected rabbits or developed macroscopic haemorrhagic lesions...
November 19, 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864972/a-morphological-and-morphometric-study-of-bite-marks-caused-by-mice-mus-musculus-on-different-baits-for-forensic-purposes
#18
Víctor A Toledo, Gabriel M Fonseca, Paula A González, Luis Ibarra, Francisco J Torres, Pedro L Sáez
In animal bites, the dental attributes can be fundamental in identifying the marks made by various species on different matrices. Although rodent bite marks have been studied in the context of postmortem interference, little research has used different baits to analyze these marks linking not only specific behavior patterns but also the possibility of structural damage. Twenty mice (Mus musculus) were exposed to different baits to study their bite marks in a controlled model. The known pattern of parallel and multiple grooves has been seen in all baits, but polyvinyl chloride and fiber-optic cable were significantly different between each other and the other baits...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864900/recombination-rate-variation-in-mice-from-an-isolated-island
#19
Richard J Wang, Melissa M Gray, Michelle D Parmenter, Karl W Broman, Bret A Payseur
Recombination rate is a heritable trait that varies among individuals. Despite the major impact of recombination rate on patterns of genetic diversity and the efficacy of selection, natural variation in this phenotype remains poorly characterized. We present a comparison of genetic maps, sampling 1,212 meioses, from a unique population of wild house mice (Mus musculus domesticus) that recently colonized remote Gough Island. Crosses to a mainland reference strain (WSB/EiJ) reveal pervasive variation in recombination rate among Gough Island mice, including sub-chromosomal intervals spanning up to 28% of the genome...
November 19, 2016: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854046/fluoride-exposure-aggravates-the-testicular-damage-and-sperm-quality-in-diabetic-mice-protective-role-of-ginseng-and-banaba
#20
Saumya Sm, P Mahaboob Basha
Fluoride toxicity is known to pose infertility in fluoride-intoxicated animals as well as in people residing in fluoride endemic zones. The present study addresses the degree of impairments caused due to co-exposure of high fluoride toxicity in diabetic mice. Swiss mice, Mus musculus, were subjected to fluoride toxicity by providing fluoride-supplemented drinking water (600 ppm NaF) for a period of 30 days after the confirmation of streptozotocin-induced diabetes(STZ, 50 mg/kgbw). Consequently, aggravated hyperglycemia and tissue fluoride accumulation were witnessed in fluoride-intoxicated diabetic mice; later, these toxicated mice were treated with ginseng extract (GE) and banaba leaf extract, (BLE) at dose of 150 mg/kgbw/day alone and in combination for 15 and 30-day duration to check the efficacy of phytoextracts in reversing the toxicity...
November 16, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
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