keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Little.Miss

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076926/yoga-treatment-for-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain
#1
REVIEW
L Susan Wieland, Nicole Skoetz, Karen Pilkington, Ramaprabhu Vempati, Christopher R D'Adamo, Brian M Berman
BACKGROUND: Non-specific low back pain is a common, potentially disabling condition usually treated with self-care and non-prescription medication. For chronic low back pain, current guidelines state that exercise therapy may be beneficial. Yoga is a mind-body exercise sometimes used for non-specific low back pain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of yoga for treating chronic non-specific low back pain, compared to no specific treatment, a minimal intervention (e...
January 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070290/cancer-brings-forward-oviposition-in-the-fly-drosophila-melanogaster
#2
Audrey Arnal, Camille Jacqueline, Beata Ujvari, Lucas Leger, Céline Moreno, Dominique Faugere, Aurélie Tasiemski, Céline Boidin-Wichlacz, Dorothée Misse, François Renaud, Jacques Montagne, Andreu Casali, Benjamin Roche, Frédéric Mery, Frédéric Thomas
Hosts often accelerate their reproductive effort in response to a parasitic infection, especially when their chances of future reproduction decrease with time from the onset of the infection. Because malignancies usually reduce survival, and hence potentially the fitness, it is expected that hosts with early cancer could have evolved to adjust their life-history traits to maximize their immediate reproductive effort. Despite the potential importance of these plastic responses, little attention has been devoted to explore how cancers influence animal reproduction...
January 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068910/outcome-sensitive-multiple-imputation-a-simulation-study
#3
Evangelos Kontopantelis, Ian R White, Matthew Sperrin, Iain Buchan
BACKGROUND: Multiple imputation is frequently used to deal with missing data in healthcare research. Although it is known that the outcome should be included in the imputation model when imputing missing covariate values, it is not known whether it should be imputed. Similarly no clear recommendations exist on: the utility of incorporating a secondary outcome, if available, in the imputation model; the level of protection offered when data are missing not-at-random; the implications of the dataset size and missingness levels...
January 9, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062345/tumor-talk-and-child-well-being-perceptions-of-good-and-bad-news-among-parents-of-children-with-advanced-cancer
#4
Angela M Feraco, Veronica Dussel, Liliana Orellana, Tammy I Kang, J Russell Geyer, Abby R Rosenberg, Chris Feudtner, Joanne Wolfe
CONTEXT: Little is known about how parents of children with advanced cancer classify news they receive about their child's medical condition. OBJECTIVE: To develop concepts of "good news" and "bad news" in discussions of advanced childhood cancer from parent perspectives. METHODS: Parents of children with advanced cancer cared for at three children's hospitals were asked to share details of conversations in the preceding 3 months that contained "good news" or "bad news" related to their child's medical condition...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057554/analysis-of-phylogenetic-relationships-and-genome-size-evolution-of-the-amaranthus-genus-using-gbs-indicates-the-ancestors-of-an-ancient-crop
#5
Markus G Stetter, Karl J Schmid
The genus Amaranthus consists of 50-70 species and harbors several cultivated and weedy species of great economic importance. A small number of suitable traits, phenotypic plasticity, gene flow and hybridization made it difficult to establish the taxonomy and phylogeny of the whole genus despite various studies using molecular markers. We inferred the phylogeny of the Amaranthus genus using genotyping by sequencing (GBS) of 94 genebank accessions representing 35 Amaranthus species and measured their genome sizes...
January 3, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048962/chemical-ecology-of-wave-swept-shores-the-primacy-of-contact-cues-in-predation-by-whelks
#6
Graham A Ferrier, Cheryl Ann Zimmer, Richard K Zimmer
Wave-swept shores are valuable for developing and testing key ecological principles. A synthesis of research is nonetheless missing a critical component: the chemosensory basis for behavioral interactions that determine population- and community-wide attributes. Chemical signaling environments on wave-swept shores, given their intense, turbulent mixing and complex topographies, would be difficult or impossible to simulate in a laboratory setting. For this reason, appropriately scaled field studies are needed to advance understanding of chemical stimuli and their biotic effects...
December 2016: Biological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043631/the-first-population-structure-and-comparative-genomics-analysis-of-mycobacterium-africanum-strains-from-ghana-reveals-higher-diversity-of-lineage-5
#7
Isaac D Otchere, Simon R Harris, Sanches L Busso, Adwoa Asante-Poku, Stephen Osei-Wusu, Kwadwo Koram, Julian Parkhill, Sebastien Gagneux, Dorothy Yeboah-Manu
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium africanum (MAF) remains an important TB causing pathogen in West Africa; however, little is known about its population structure and actual diversity which may have implications for diagnostics and vaccines. We carried out comparative genomics analysis of candidate Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) and MAF using whole genome sequencing. METHODS: Clinical MTB complex strains (n=187) comprising L4 (n=22), L5 (n=126), and L6 (n=39) isolated over 8years from Ghana were whole genome sequenced...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042346/associations-among-dispositional-mindfulness-self-compassion-and-executive-function-proficiency-in-early-adolescents
#8
Hee-Sung Shin, David S Black, Eleanor Tate Shonkoff, Nathaniel R Riggs, Mary Ann Pentz
The study objective was to examine the effects of two conceptually related constructs, self-compassion and dispositional mindfulness, on executive function (EF) proficiency among early adolescents. Executive function refers to a set of psychological processes governing emotional regulation, organization, and planning. While the benefits of positive psychology appear evident for mental health and wellness, little is known about the etiological relationship between dispositional mindfulness and self-compassion in their associations with EF...
December 2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040320/semimembranosus-tenosynovitis-diagnosis-and-management-of-a-commonly-missed-cause-of-posteromedial-knee-pain
#9
Joel K Melton, Arman Memarzadeh, William H Dunbar, Mervyn J Cross
BACKGROUND: In orthopedic and sports medicine literature there is minimal information regarding accurate diagnosis and the treatment options for tenosynovitis of the distal semimembranosus tendon. After reviewing the literature, the authors question both the etiology and treatment of this condition. Previous descriptions have associated the condition primarily with the endurance athlete but we have noted multiple cases in which this is a condition common to the 'sprinter' as well. There has been very little mention of this condition in recent literature but the most recent complete description of operative treatment for this condition recommends both tendon transfer and concomitant arthroscopy...
December 28, 2016: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034376/predictors-and-prognostic-implications-of%C3%A2-incident-heart-failure-in-patients-with%C3%A2-prevalent-atrial-fibrillation
#10
Ambarish Pandey, Sunghee Kim, Curtiss Moore, Laine Thomas, Bernard Gersh, Larry A Allen, Peter R Kowey, Kenneth W Mahaffey, Elaine Hylek, Eric D Peterson, Jonathan P Piccini, Gregg C Fonarow
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the significant clinical predictors of incident heart failure (HF) and its prognostic effect on long-term outcomes among community-based patients with established atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND: AF is associated with an increased risk of HF. However, in this population, little focus is placed on risk stratification for and the prevention of HF. METHODS: Patients with AF but without HF at baseline enrolled in the ORBIT-AF (Outcomes Registry for Informed Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation) registry were included...
January 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033448/second-opinions-from-medical-oncologists-for-early-stage-breast-cancer-prevalence-correlates-and-consequences
#11
Allison W Kurian, Christopher R Friese, Irina Bondarenko, Reshma Jagsi, Yun Li, Ann S Hamilton, Kevin C Ward, Steven J Katz
Importance: Advances in the evaluation and treatment of breast cancer have made the clinical decision-making context much more complex. A second opinion from a medical oncologist may facilitate decision making for women with breast cancer, yet little is known about second opinion use. Objective: To investigate the patterns and correlates of second opinion use and the effect on chemotherapy decisions. Design, Setting, and Participants: A total of 1901 women newly diagnosed with stages 0 to II breast cancer between July 2013 and September 2014 (response rate, 71...
December 29, 2016: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030420/changes-in-primary-care-graduate-medical-education-are-not-correlated-with-indicators-of-need-are-states-missing-an-opportunity-to-strengthen-their-primary-care-workforce
#12
Anastasia J Coutinho, Kathleen Klink, Peter Wingrove, Stephen Petterson, Robert L Phillips, Andrew Bazemore
PURPOSE: Federal and state graduate medical education (GME) funding exceeds $15 billion annually. It is critical to understand mechanisms to align undergraduate medical education (UME) and GME to meet workforce needs. This study aimed to determine whether states' primary care GME (PCGME) trainee growth correlates with indicators of need. METHOD: Data from the American Medical Association Physician Masterfile, the Association of American Medical Colleges, the American Association of the Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine, and the U...
December 27, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027841/kawasaki-disease-with-coronary-artery-aneurysms-psychosocial-impact-on-parents-and-children
#13
Nita Chahal, Ahlexxi Jelen, Janet Rush, Cedric Manlhiot, Katherine M Boydell, Renee Sananes, Brian W McCrindle
INTRODUCTION: For those living with Kawasaki disease and coronary artery aneurysms, little is known about the psychosocial burden faced by parents and their children. METHODS: Exploratory, descriptive, mixed-methods design examining survey and interview data about health-related uncertainty, intrusiveness, and self-efficacy. RESULTS: Parents' uncertainty was associated with missed diagnosis, higher income, and maternal education. Higher uncertainty scores among children were associated with absence of chest pain and lower number of echocardiograms...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017430/a-systems-approach-to-vaccine-decision-making
#14
Bruce Y Lee, Leslie E Mueller, Carla G Tilchin
Vaccines reside in a complex multiscale system that includes biological, clinical, behavioral, social, operational, environmental, and economical relationships. Not accounting for these systems when making decisions about vaccines can result in changes that have little effect rather than solutions, lead to unsustainable solutions, miss indirect (e.g., secondary, tertiary, and beyond) effects, cause unintended consequences, and lead to wasted time, effort, and resources. Mathematical and computational modeling can help better understand and address complex systems by representing all or most of the components, relationships, and processes...
December 22, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017349/predictors-and-prognostic-implications-of-incident-heart-failure-in-patients-with-prevalent-atrial-fibrillation
#15
Ambarish Pandey, Sunghee Kim, Curtiss Moore, Laine Thomas, Bernard Gersh, Larry A Allen, Peter R Kowey, Kenneth W Mahaffey, Elaine Hylek, Eric D Peterson, Jonathan P Piccini, Gregg C Fonarow
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the significant clinical predictors of incident heart failure (HF) and its prognostic effect on long-term outcomes among community-based patients with established atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND: AF is associated with an increased risk of HF. However, in this population, little focus is placed on risk stratification for and the prevention of HF. METHODS: Patients with AF but without HF at baseline enrolled in the ORBIT-AF (Outcomes Registry for Informed Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation) registry were included...
November 30, 2016: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008165/tuberculous-meningitis-in-an-immunocompetent-host-a-case-report
#16
Suchin R Khanna, Stephen M Kralovic, Rajan Prakash
BACKGROUND Tuberculous meningitis is very rare in the United States in immunocompetent hosts. Risk factors are similar to those of pulmonary tuberculosis, including poverty, malnutrition, overcrowding, a compromised immune system, and coming from an endemic area. Meningeal tuberculosis mortality and other outcomes have changed little over time despite effective therapies due to delay in diagnosis because of its rarity, variable presentation, and often indolent course. CASE REPORT We describe a case of a 57-year-old male immigrant from Senegal with no significant past medical history and no previous history of tuberculosis or evidence of immune compromise...
December 23, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004389/withdrawn-community-based-population-level-interventions-for-promoting-child-oral-health
#17
REVIEW
Andrea M de Silva, Shalika Hegde, Bridget Akudo Nwagbara, Hanny Calache, Mark G Gussy, Mona Nasser, Hannah R Morrice, Elisha Riggs, Pamela M Leong, Lisa K Meyenn, Reza Yousefi-Nooraie
BACKGROUND: Dental caries and gingival and periodontal disease are commonly occurring, preventable chronic conditions. Even though much is known about how to treat oral disease, currently we do not know which community-based population-level interventions are most effective and equitable in preventing poor oral health. OBJECTIVES: Primary • To determine the effectiveness of community-based population-level oral health promotion interventions in preventing dental caries and gingival and periodontal disease among children from birth to 18 years of age...
December 22, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002503/atmospheric-oxidation-of-halogenated-aromatics-comparative-analysis-of-reaction-mechanisms-and-reaction-kinetics
#18
Goran Kovacevic, Aleksandar Sabljic
Atmospheric transport is the major route for global distribution of semi-volatile compounds such as halogenated aromatics as well as their major exposure route for humans. Their major atmospheric removal process is oxidation by hydroxyl radicals. There is very little information on the reaction mechanism or reaction-path dynamics of atmospheric degradation of halogenated benzenes. Furthermore, the measured reaction rate constants are missing for the range of environmentally relevant temperatures, i.e. 230-330 K...
December 21, 2016: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002082/long-term-synergistic-interaction-of-cisplatin-and-noise-induced-hearing-losses
#19
J Riley DeBacker, Ryan T Harrison, Eric C Bielefeld
OBJECTIVE: Past experiments in the literature have shown that cisplatin interacts synergistically with noise to create hearing loss. Much of the previous work on the synergistic interaction of noise and cisplatin tested exposures that occurred very close together in time. The present study assessed whether rats that have been exposed to cisplatin continue to show increased susceptibility to noise-induced hearing loss months after conclusion of the cisplatin exposure. DESIGN: Thirty-two Fischer 344/NHsd rats were exposed to one of five conditions: (1) cisplatin exposure followed by immediate cochlear tissue harvest, (2) cisplatin exposure and a 20-week monitoring period before tissue harvest, (3) cisplatin exposure followed immediately by noise exposure, (4) cisplatin exposure followed by noise exposure 16 weeks later, and (5) noise exposure without cisplatin exposure...
December 19, 2016: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995319/prediction-of-biogeographical-ancestry-from-genotype-a-comparison-of-classifiers
#20
Elaine Y Y Cheung, Michelle Elizabeth Gahan, Dennis McNevin
DNA can provide forensic intelligence regarding a donor's biogeographical ancestry (BGA) and other externally visible characteristics (EVCs). A number of algorithms have been proposed to assign individual human genotypes to a BGA using ancestry informative marker (AIM) panels. This study compares the BGA assignment accuracy of the population clustering program STRUCTURE and three generic classification approaches including a Bayesian algorithm, genetic distance, and multinomial logistic regression (MLR). A selection of 142 ancestry informative single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were chosen from existing marker panels (SNPforID 34-plex, Eurasiaplex, Seldin, and Kidd's AIM panels) to assess BGA classification at the continental level for Africans, Europeans, East Asians, and Amerindians...
December 20, 2016: International Journal of Legal Medicine
keyword
keyword
102095
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"