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Total Hip Arthoplasty

E Schwarz, G Reinisch, A Brandauer, S Aharinejad, W Scharf, K Trieb
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the causes and mechanisms underlying periprosthetic fractures around femoral components particularly in relation to the stem design. In an in vitro study 20 pairs of fresh cadaveric femora were loaded to fracture axially and transversally. FINDINGS: When proximal femoral strain was measured at the time of impaction of cementless stems the load transfer was determined by the underlying anatomy rather than by the shape of the stem, so that the so-called "load transfer" properties - proximal or distal - ascribed to stem designs are a myth...
March 21, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
David J Kim, Shiqian Shen, George M Hanna
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a common surgical treatment for several conditions of the hip. While the majority of patients obtain satisfactory results, many develop chronic post-arthroplasty hip pain that can be difficult to treat. OBJECTIVE: We evaluate the effectiveness of cooled (60°C) radiofrequency lesioning of the articular branches of the femoral nerve (ABFN) as a minimally invasive treatment for patients suffering from chronic post-arthroplasty hip pain...
February 2017: Pain Physician
Kenichi Oe, Hirokazu Iida, Kohei Tsuda, Tomohisa Nakamura, Naofumi Okamoto, Yusuke Ueda
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify the long-term durability of the Kerboull-type reinforcement device (KT plate) in acetabular reconstruction for massive bone defects, assessing the remodeling of structural bone grafts. METHODS: This study retrospectively evaluated 106 hips that underwent acetabular reconstruction using a KT plate between November 2000 and December 2010. Thirty-eight primary total hip arthoplasties (THAs) and 68 revised THAs were performed, and the mean duration of clinical follow-up was 8 years (5-14 years)...
March 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
Aleksandra Truszczyńska, Zbigniew Trzaskoma, Jerzy Białecki, Justyna Drzał-Grabiec, Emilia Dadura, Kazimierz Rąpała, Adam Tarnowski
BACKGROUND: Postural stability is of great importance because imbalances and muscle weakness are significant risk factors for falls experienced by the elderly. Hip arthrosis, which causes pain and gait disorders that affect balance control, is common in the ageing population. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess postural stability in patients with unilateral hip arthrosis before total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: The study population consisted of 52 patients with hip arthrosis (study group) and 47 subjects with no history of clinical symptoms of hip pain...
November 10, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
M Siddiqui, A Bidaye, E Baird, R Abu-Rajab, A Stark, B Jones, R Ingram, I Anthony
OBJECTIVE: This study compared three methods of surgical wound dressing in patients undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty to determine their effect on wound leakage. METHOD: Total hip arthroplasties were randomised to 3 groups: 2-octyl cyanoacrylate (Dermabond-Ethicon Inc, G) with Opsite (Smith & Nephew; O) [G+O], 2-octyl cyanoacrylate with Tegaderm (3M; T) [G+T], and Opsite without 2-octyl cyanoacrylate [O]. Postoperative wound leakage was assessed and graded daily until discharge, the frequency of the dressing changes was also recorded...
January 2016: Journal of Wound Care
Y J Mahale, N Aga
In this retrospective observational cohort study, we describe 17 patients out of 1775 treated for various fractures who developed mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) infection after surgery. The cohort comprised 15 men and two women with a mean age of 40 years (24 to 70). A total of ten fractures were open and seven were closed. Of these, seven patients underwent intramedullary nailing of a fracture of the long bone, seven had fractures fixed with plates, two with Kirschner-wires and screws, and one had a hemiarthroplasty of the hip with an Austin Moore prosthesis...
September 2015: Bone & Joint Journal
Badaruddin Sahito, Dileep Kumar, Hassan Dost Afridi, Farooq Mamji
Metallosis is serious condition that comes about when metallic debris builds up in the soft tissues of the body. This condition is seen in individuals undergoing joint replacement surgery, like those of the hip, knee and elbow. Incidence of metallosis is not common. Here we present a case of 61 year-old male, who had undergone right-sided total hip replacement 20 years earlier due to avascular necrosis. He presented to us with one-year history of massive swelling of right thigh and mild pain and discomfort in September 2013...
December 2014: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Christiaan P van Lingen, Harmen B Ettema, Bart H Bosker, Cees C P M Verheyen
Large-head metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip arthroplasties were introduced because of their purported advantages. Inflammatory pseudotumours occasionally occur after MoM hip arthroplasty and often lead to revision. The purpose of this study was to assess the outcome of revision of large-head MoM total hip arthroplasties after an extensive screening protocol for all MoM articulations with a minimum 2 year follow-up. We identified 50 hips that had undergone large-head MoM total hip arthoplasty and required revision at a mean of 44 months after index operation...
May 2015: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Claudio Iacobellis, Antonio Berizzi, Assunta Pozzuoli, Carlo Biz
INTRODUCTION: Adverse reaction to metal debris (ARMD) can be caused by metal-on-metal total hip arthoplasty. We treated a case of ARMD in a 61-year-old patient by limited prosthetic revision, replacing the metal head with a polyethylene one. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Two years after metal-on-metal total arthoplasty of the left hip, radiographic control showed osteolysis of the patient's greater trochanter. He underwent surgical curettage and the application of demineralized bone matrix...
2015: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Clara Hernández, Jorge Díaz-Heredia, María Luisa Berraquero, Pablo Crespo, Estíbaliz Loza, Miguel Ángel Ruiz Ibán
OBJECTIVE: To analyze pre-surgical predictive factors of post-surgical pain in patients undergoing hip or knee arthoplasty. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed. We defined a sensitive strategy on Medline, Embase and Cochrane Library up to May 2013. The inclusion criteria were: patients undertaking knee and/or hip arthroplasty, adults with moderate or severe pain (≥4 on a Visual Analog Scale) in whom predictive factors of post-surgical pain were evaluated before surgery...
November 2015: Reumatología Clinica
Monti Khatod, Guy Cafri, Maria C S Inacio, Alan L Schepps, Elizabeth W Paxton, Stefano A Bini
BACKGROUND: The survivorship of implants after revision total hip arthroplasty and risk factors associated with re-revision are not well defined. We evaluated the re-revision rate with use of the institutional total joint replacement registry. The purpose of this study was to determine patient, implant, and surgeon factors associated with re-revision total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. The total joint replacement registry was used to identify patients who had undergone revision total hip arthroplasty for aseptic reasons from April 1, 2001, to December 31, 2010...
March 4, 2015: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Radoslav Barjaktarović, Dragan Radoičić, Milorad Mitković
BACKGROUND/AIM: Infection following total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthoplasty (TKA) may have devastating consequences. Some bacterial strains are often encountered as agents of these infections, others occur less frequently but are sometimes burdened with more severe complications. Kebsiella spp. are uncommon causes of THA or TKA infection. The aim of this study was to identify an effective treatment algorithm for multidrug resistant Kebsiella spp. caused THA or TKA infections...
October 2014: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
David Mayor, Savan Patel, Clayton Perry, Norman Walter, Stephen Burton, Theresa Atkinson
INTRODUCTION: Early ceramic bearing systems in total hip arthoplasty (THA) sought to provide long term wear improvement over traditional metal on polyethylene systems. However, previous designs exhibited fractures of the ceramic acetabular liner, leading to the development of the Implex Hedrocel ceramic bearing THA system where the ceramic liner was supported on a layer of polyethylene intended to transition liner loads to the metal shell, a so-called "sandwich" design. Unfortunately, the device trial was stopped to further enrollment when liner fractures were reported...
2014: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
Klas Gustafson, Stig S Jakobsen, Nina D Lorenzen, Jacob P Thyssen, Jeanne D Johansen, Charlotte M Bonefeld, Maiken Stilling, Thomas Baad-Hansen, Kjeld Søballe
BACKGROUND: Metal-on-metal (MOM) total hip arthroplasties were reintroduced because of the problems with osteolysis and aseptic loosening related to polyethylene wear of early metal-on-polyethylene (MOP) arthroplasties. The volumetric wear rate has been greatly reduced with MOM arthroplasties; however, because of nano-size wear particles, the absolute number has been greatly increased. Thus, a source of metal ion exposure with the potential to sensitize patients is present. We hypothesized that higher amounts of wear particles result in increased release of metal ions and ultimately lead to an increased incidence of metal allergy...
August 2014: Acta Orthopaedica
Wen-Liang Chen, Lei Zhang, Yi-Jiang Huang, Chun-Yuan Cai, Rui-Xin Lin, Guo-Jing Yang
OBJECTIVE: To study short-term results and clinical application of Tri-lock BPS in total hip arthoplasty. METHODS: From May 2010 to July 2011, 32 hips in 31 patients (18 males and 13 females, ranging in age from 50 to 77 years old, with an average of 60.5 years old) were treated by total hip arthroplasty with Tri-lock BPS, including 8 patients with osteonecrosis (ON), 13 patients with fresh femoral neck fracture, 10 patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH)...
January 2014: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Steven D Werner, Matthew Stonestreet, David J Jacofsky
In comparison with standard surgical techniques robotic-assisted surgery has the advantages of increased surgical accuracy, reproducibility, optimization of component position, and improved patient outcomes in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) and total hip arthoplasty (THA) procedures. The MAKO Tactile Guidance System (TGS; MAKO Surgical Corp, Fort Lauderdale, FL) facilitates robotic-assisted arthroplasty procedures currently implemented in many operating rooms. The benefits of this technology are evident, but have not been shown to improve patient outcomes and justify the added financial burden imposed...
March 2014: Surgical Technology International
M Breddam, T B Hansen, P B Thomsen
In the period 05.06.79 -31.12.91, 2037 primary total hip arthroplasties were performed, all in ultra-clean air, wearing body-exhaust system suits and all patients recieving Meticillin as prophylactic antibiotics. None of the non-cemented arthroplasties were infected and 0.61% of the cemented hip arthoplasties were infected giving a total incidence of deep infection after total hip arthroplasty in our clinic of 0.49%. The microorganism most commonly cultured was Staph. aureus, but in one hip Listeria was cultured, which is extremely rare...
May 1996: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Dao-jian Zhang, Tian-yue Zhu, Wei-bing Chai, Hong-zhang Lu, Jun Li, Zhen-ning Liu, Yi-lin Ye
OBJECTIVE: To explore the imaging reasons for periprosthetic femoral fractures during the operation of total hip arthroplasty with anatomic prosthesis. METHODS: The fracture group consisted of 7 cases with periprosthetic femoral fracture (PPFF) and the non-fracture group 21 cases without PPFF during the operation of total hip arthroplasty (THA) among the 144 cases of primary THA with anatomic prosthesis. The preoperative plain films of hip joint were taken to calibrate the Sharp's angle, centre edge (CE) angle, femoral neck shaft angle, femoral anteversion angle of neck, bowing angle of proximal femoral shaft part, width of narrowest part in proximal femoral shaft...
March 5, 2013: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Jon H M Goosen, Gijs G Van Hellemondt
Retained intramedullary femoral nails can pose a problem for the implantation of the femoral component during total hip arthoplasty (THA) and they must often be removed. A patient with a retained Küntscher femoral nail implanted 47 years previously presented in our outpatient clinic for a THA. Since removal of the nail was impossible without severe damage to the femur, we chose to perform an extended trochanteric osteotomy, to cut the proximal part of the nail and to implant a cemented short stem with its tip in the hollow end of the nail...
February 2013: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
B S Andersen, H P Jensen, L C Borris, M R Lassen, T Mätzsch, D Bergqvist, B I Eriksson, C Tørholm
The aim of the study was to determine the long-term survival in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty in relation to type of perioperatively administered thromboprophylaxis. Patients from seven randomized controlled trials of the effect of thromboprophylaxis on development of early thromboembolic complications after total hip arthroplasty were included in a follow-up analysis with death as the end-point. There was no difference in survival between groups receiving active thromboprophylaxis, but there was a general trend towards a better survival in the 3 placebo groups compared with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), (RR: 1...
1996: International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine
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