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hypothyroidism in type 2 diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403083/subclinical-hypothyroidism-and-the-risk-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-t2d-subjects-a-case-control-and-dose-response-analysis
#1
Jian-Bo Zhou, Hong-Bing Li, Xiao-Rong Zhu, Hai-Lin Song, Ying-Ying Zhao, Jin-Kui Yang
Evidence indicated a positive association between subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) and cardiovascular diseases. But the relationship between SCH and chronic kidney diseases (CKD) remains unclear. A case-control study was performed to ascertain this relationship followed by a meta-analysis. In this hospital-based, case-control study, we recruited 3270 type 2 diabetic patients with euthyroidism and 545 type 2 diabetic patients with SCH. All English studies were searched upon the relationship between SCH and CKD up to October 2016...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318814/integrated-yoga-and-naturopathy-module-in-management-of-metabolic-syndrome-a-case-report
#2
Swathi Gowda, Sriloy Mohanty, Apar Saoji, Raghuram Nagarathna
A 50-year-old male participant with sedentary lifestyle, diagnosed with Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) [obesity, Type-2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension] and hypothyroidism since 2013, was administered integrated Yoga and Naturopathy (IYN) for 6 weeks as a tailor made individualized protocol at the residential integrative medical facility in Bangalore between October and November 2015. The results showed reduction in weight (97.9 kg to 74.6 kg), Body Mass Index (BMI) (35.1 kg/m(2) to 27.86 kg/m(2)), total cholesterol (192 mg% to 145 mg%), triglycerides (153 mg% to 90 mg%), Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) (124 mg% to 81 mg%), High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) (40 mg% to 46 mg%), fasting blood glucose (110 mg/dl to 75 mg/dl), postprandial glucose (267 mg/dl to 100 mg/dl), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) (7...
January 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301644/association-of-body-mass-index-with-infectious-complications-in-free-tissue-transfer-for-head-and-neck-reconstructive-surgery
#3
Mohemmed N Khan, Jack Russo, John Spivack, Christopher Pool, Ilya Likhterov, Marita Teng, Eric M Genden, Brett A Miles
Importance: Elevated body mass index (BMI) has been proposed as a risk factor for morbidity and mortality among patients undergoing surgery. Conversely, an elevated BMI may confer a protective effect on perioperative morbidity. Objective: To examine whether an elevated BMI is an independent risk factor for perioperative and postoperative infectious complications after free tissue transfer in head and neck reconstructive surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study included patients undergoing major head and neck surgery requiring free tissue transfer at a tertiary care center...
March 16, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276835/autoimmune-gastritis-relationships-with-anemia-and-helicobacter-pylori-status
#4
Vincenzo Villanacci, Giovanni Casella, Francesco Lanzarotto, Camillo Di Bella, Angelo Sidoni, Moris Cadei, Tiziana Salviato, Maria Pina Dore, Gabrio Bassotti
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune gastritis (AIG) is a gastric pathologic condition affecting the mucosa of the fundus and the body and eventually leading to hypo-achlorhydria. AIMS: We report our clinical and pathological experience with AIG. METHODS: Data from patients with a diagnosis of AIG seen in the period January 2002-December 2012 were retrieved. Only patients with complete sets of biopsies were analyzed. RESULTS: Data from 138 patients were available for analysis...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271805/endocrinology-and-pediatric-exercise-science-2016
#5
Alon Eliakim
The Pediatric Exercise Science Year That Was section aims to highlight the most important (to the author's opinion) manuscripts that were published in 2016 in the field of endocrinology and pediatric exercise science. This year's selection includes studies showing that 1) Induction of T4 to T3 conversion by type 2 deiodinase following aerobic exercise in skeletal muscles was associated with concomitant increase in peroxisome proliferatoractivated receptor-γ coactivator-1α, and mitochondrial oxidative capacity and therefore plays an important mechanistic role in the muscle adaptation to exercise training...
February 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217497/thyroid-profile-and-autoantibodies-in-type-1-diabetes-subjects-a-perspective-from-eastern-india
#6
Debmalya Sanyal, Anirban Majumder, Soumyabrata Roy Chaudhuri, Sudip Chatterjee
CONTEXT: There has been a rise in the incidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in India. The prevalence of thyroid autoantibodies and thyroid dysfunction is common in T1DM. AIMS: The aim of this study is to determine the incidence of thyroid dysfunction and thyroid autoantibodies in T1DM subjects, without any history of thyroid disease, and the prevalence of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) antibody, Islet antigen-2 antibody (IA2), thyroid peroxidase (TPO), and thyroglobulin autoantibodies (Tg-AB) in T1DM subjects...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215037/the-italian-dystonia-registry-rationale-design-and-preliminary-findings
#7
Giovanni Defazio, M Esposito, G Abbruzzese, C L Scaglione, G Fabbrini, G Ferrazzano, S Peluso, R Pellicciari, A F Gigante, G Cossu, R Arca, L Avanzino, F Bono, M R Mazza, L Bertolasi, R Bacchin, R Eleopra, C Lettieri, F Morgante, M C Altavista, L Polidori, R Liguori, S Misceo, G Squintani, M Tinazzi, R Ceravolo, E Unti, L Magistrelli, M Coletti Moja, N Modugno, M Petracca, N Tambasco, M S Cotelli, M Aguggia, A Pisani, M Romano, M Zibetti, A R Bentivoglio, A Albanese, P Girlanda, A Berardelli
The Italian Dystonia Registry is a multicenter data collection system that will prospectively assess the phenomenology and natural history of adult-onset dystonia and will serve as a basis for future etiological, pathophysiological and therapeutic studies. In the first 6 months of activity, 20 movement disorders Italian centres have adhered to the registry and 664 patients have been recruited. Baseline historical information from this cohort provides the first general overview of adult-onset dystonia in Italy...
February 18, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179450/prevalence-incidence-and-associated-comorbidities-of-treated-hypothyroidism-an-update-from-a-european-population
#8
Carlo B Giorda, Paolo Carnà, Francesco Romeo, Giuseppe Costa, Barbara Tartaglino, Roberto Gnavi
OBJECTIVE: Estimates of the prevalence of hypothyroidism in unselected populations date from the late 1990s. We present an update on the prevalence and incidence of overt hypothyroidism in Piedmont, northwest Italy and examine the association between hypothyroidism and multiple chronic comorbidities. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were obtained from drug prescription and hospital discharge databases. Individuals who had received at least two levothyroxine prescriptions in 2012 were defined as having hypothyroidism; those who had undergone thyroidectomy or I(131) irradiation in the previous 5 years were defined as having iatrogenic hypothyroidism and those who had either obtained exemption from treatment co-payment or had been discharged from hospital with a chronic comorbidity (diabetes and connective tissue diseases) were identified as having one of these conditions...
May 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166066/prevalence-of-sensory-neuropathy-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-its-correlation-with-duration-of-disease
#9
D B Karki, S K Yadava, S Pant, N Thusa, E Dangol, S Ghimire
Background Peripheral neuropathy is one of the most common and distressing late complication of diabetes mellitus. Ignorance of the complications may develop foot ulcers and gangrene requiring amputation. Objective The main objective of this study is to find out the prevalence of sensory neuropathy in type 2 diabetes mellitus and to compare it with the duration of disease. Method Two hundred seventy one patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus of both gender age 30 years and above willing to participate were included in this study...
April 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143459/frequency-and-determinants-of-thyroid-autoimmunity-in-ghanaian-type-2-diabetes-patients-a-case-control-study
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Osei Sarfo-Kantanka, Fred Stephen Sarfo, Eunice Oparebea Ansah, Ernest Yorke, Josephine Akpalu, Bernard C Nkum, Benjamin Eghan
BACKGROUND: The link between type 1 diabetes and thyroid autoimmunity is well described. The same cannot be said for type 2 diabetes where results have been mixed so far. We investigated the prevalence and determinants of thyroid autoimmunity among Ghanaian type 2 diabetes patients. METHODS: This was a case-control study involving 302 type 2 diabetes patients and 310 non - diabetic controls aged 40-80 years. Anthropometric and blood pressure measurements were obtained...
January 17, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057507/association-between-thyroid-hormone-parameters-and-dyslipidemia-among-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#11
Amare Desalegn Wolide, Belay Zawdie, Tilahun Alemayehu, Samuel Tadesse
BACKGROUND: The relationship between thyroid function and lipid profile has been documented in T2DM and healthy subjects. The aim of the current study was to assess the association between thyroid hormone parameters and dyslipidemia in T2DM and non-diabetic study participants. METHOD AND MATERIALS: In this comparative cross-sectional study, 214 type 2 diabetic and 214 non-diabetic study participants were enrolled. Clinical and anthropometric data were collected from all study participants...
December 26, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057505/prevalence-of-thyroid-dysfunction-among-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#12
M V Jali, Sanjay Kambar, Sujata M Jali, Nandita Pawar, Prachi Nalawade
AIMS: To determine the prevalence of Thyroid dysfunction among Type 2 Diabetes mellitus. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional hospital-based study is conducted to find out the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction. 713 type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) subjects were enrolled in the survey. These subjects were investigated for fasting blood sugar (FBS), glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c), total triiodothyronine (T3), total thyroxine (T4), and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)...
December 19, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002662/association-between-lithium-use-and-risk-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#13
Chin Cheng, Peter Zandi, Elizabeth Stuart, Ching-Heng Lin, Pei-Yu Su, G Caleb Alexander, Tsuo-Hung Lan
OBJECTIVE: Current evidence for the association between use of lithium and risk of dementia is mixed. The objective of this study was to assess the risk of Alzheimer's disease associated with use of lithium. METHODS: A population-based, nested case-control study was conducted using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database in 2002 covering 24.5 million beneficiaries of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program from January 1, 1997, to December 31, 2009...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959843/-prevalence-of-thyroid-dysfunction-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#14
Mirta Centeno Maxzud, Luciana Gómez Rasjido, Mercedes Fregenal, Florencia Arias Calafiore, Mercedes Córdoba Lanus, Marcela D'Urso, Héctor Luciardi
Diabetes mellitus (DM) and thyroid dysfunction (TD) are two common endocrine disorders. The unrecognized subclinical TD may adversely affect metabolic control and increase cardiovascular risk. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence of TD in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in an observational cross-sectional study. Clinical and laboratory evaluation was performed to 205 consecutive outpatients at Endocrinology Diabetes and Nutrition Center in Concepcion City, Tucuman, Argentina. Thyroid dysfunction was classified as clinical hypothyroidism with TSH > 4...
2016: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941732/glycosylated-hemoglobin-in-different-levels-of-bmi
#15
R K Das, A Nessa, M Asrin, M Z Huq, M F Husain, S Sufrin, R Zannat, T Tajkia
Body mass index is an inexpensive and easy method of screening for weight categories that may lead to health problems. Increased BMI in overweight and obese persons is directly associated with an increase in metabolic disease, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus. This Analytical cross sectional study was undertaken to assess the relation between increasing BMI and glycemic control of body through measuring glycosylated hemoglobin. This study was carried out in the Department of Physiology, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from July 2011 to June 2012 on 180 equally divided male and female persons between the age of 25 to 55 years...
October 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920545/thyroid-dysfunction-among-type-2-diabetic-female-egyptian-subjects
#16
Ibrahim N Elebrashy, Amr El Meligi, Laila Rashed, Randa F Salam, Elham Youssef, Shaimaa A Fathy
PURPOSE: High prevalence of thyroid disorders is more common in type 1 diabetes compared to type 2 diabetes, due to associated autoimmunity. Hypothyroidism is the most common disorder. The objective was to assess the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction among type 2 diabetic Egyptian females and to find the correlation between metabolic syndrome components and autoimmune thyroid dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 62 type 2 diabetic Egyptian females and 27 sex- and age-matched controls...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899417/emerging-roles-of-glis3-in-neonatal-diabetes-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes
#17
Xianjie Wen, Yisheng Yang
GLI-similar 3 (GLIS3), a member of the Krüppel-like zinc finger protein subfamily, is predominantly expressed in the pancreas, thyroid, and kidney. Glis3 mRNA can be initially detected in mouse pancreas at embryonic day 11.5 and is largely restricted to β cells, pancreatic polypeptide-expressing cells, as well as ductal cells at later stage of pancreas development. Mutations in GLIS3 cause a neonatal diabetes syndrome, characterized by neonatal diabetes, congenital hypothyroidism, and polycystic kidney. Importantly, genome-wide association studies showed that variations of GLIS3 are strongly associated with both type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) in multiple populations...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852303/the-effects-of-nigella-sativa-on-thyroid-function-serum-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-vegf-1-nesfatin-1-and-anthropometric-features-in-patients-with-hashimoto-s-thyroiditis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Parvin Dehghan, Siroos Tajmiri, Mehran Mesgari Abbasi
BACKGROUND: Hashimoto's thyroiditis is an autoimmune disorder and the most common cause of hypothyroidism. The use of Nigella sativa, a potent herbal medicine, continues to increase worldwide as an alternative treatment of several chronic diseases including hyperlipidemia, hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effects of Nigella sativa on thyroid function, serum Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) - 1, Nesfatin-1 and anthropometric features in patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis...
November 16, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845544/clinical-spectrum-of-celiac-disease-in-children-in-sistan-and-baluchestan-province
#19
Touran Shahraki, Ivor D Hill
BACKGROUND: The clinical manifestations of celiac disease (CD) have changed in the past decades. There are currently little data describing the initial clinical manifestations of CD in children in Iran. This study describes the initial presentation of children with suspected CD from a geographically defined region in Iran. METHOD: Medical records of children seen in 2007 - 2015 from Sistan and Baluchestan province, Iran, with suspected CD were reviewed. After obtaining TTG-IgA and IgA, subjects were divided into three groups according to presenting symptoms: GI, non-GI, and asymptomatic group...
November 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836329/-pneumonia-caused-bycorynebacterium-pseudodiphtheriticum
#20
Daniela Furiasse, Ana M Gasparotto, Aída Monterisi, Gabriela Castellano, Marta Rocchi
Microorganisms of the genera Corynebacterium, specie pseudodiphtheriticum are a part of the indigenous microbiota of human skin and oropharinx. Nevertheless in recent decades these bacilli are emerging as opportunistic pathogens causing clinically significant infections in patients with previous compromise. We report the case of a 76 years old female patient, with a history of hypertension, hypothyroidism, type 2 diabetes and chronic renal failure, who presented pneumonia during their stay at the intensive care unit...
October 2016: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
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