keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Bedside ultrasound

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907130/acute-kidney-injury-is-associated-with-a-decrease-in-cortical-renal-perfusion-during-septic-shock
#1
Anatole Harrois, Nicolas Grillot, Samy Figueiredo, Jacques Duranteau
BACKGROUND: Renal perfusion status remains poorly studied at the bedside during septic shock. We sought to measure cortical renal perfusion in patients with septic shock during their first 3 days of care using renal contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). METHODS: We prospectively included 20 ICU patients with septic shock and 10 control patients (CL) without septic shock admitted to a surgical ICU. Cortical renal perfusion was evaluated with CEUS during continuous infusion of Sonovue (Milan, Italy) within the first 24 h (day 0), between 24 and 48 h (day 1) and after 72 h (day 3) of care...
June 15, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903440/ultrasound-and-ct-of-the-posterior-fossa-in-neonates
#2
Elizabeth Snyder, Misun Hwang, Bruno P Soares, Aylin Tekes
Ultrasound, CT and MRI may all be used in the evaluation of the posterior fossa in neonates depending on the clinical scenario. Ultrasonography is particularly valuable for the evaluation of the neonatal brain because of the lack of ionizing radiation and the ability to perform exams at the bedside and, importantly, advancements in ultrasound technology now allow for diagnostic-quality imaging. While CT is still the initial imaging modality of choice in most neurologic emergencies, in the neonate, ultrasound is the first line in nontraumatic emergencies...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901534/risk-factors-for-loss-of-lung-sliding-in-a-medical-intensive-care-population-with-acute-respiratory-failure
#3
Christopher Mallow, Warren Isakow
BACKGROUND: Point of care bedside ultrasound is widely utilized as a rapid technique to evaluate patients with acute pulmonary emergencies, including acute pneumothorax. The presence of a pneumothorax is a known cause of loss of lung sliding by ultrasound examination, but no other risk factors have been clearly identified. We attempted to identify demographic and patient characteristics that are risk factors for loss of ultrasonographic lung sliding in the absence of a pneumothorax. METHODS: Data were collected on 159 patients admitted to the medical intensive care unit with acute respiratory failure, undergoing routine admission lung ultrasound...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889671/evaluation-of-two-neck-ultrasound-measurements-as-predictors-of-difficult-direct-laryngoscopy-a-prospective-study
#4
Stefano Falcetta, Simona Cavallo, Vincenzo Gabbanelli, Paolo Pelaia, Massimiliano Sorbello, Ivana Zdravkovic, Abele Donati
BACKGROUND: Unpredictable difficult laryngoscopy remains a challenge for anaesthesiologists, especially if difficult ventilation occurs during standard laryngoscopy. Accurate airway assessment should always be performed, but the common clinical screening tests have shown low sensitivity and specificity with a limited predictive value. Ultrasound-based airway assessment has been proposed recently as a useful, simple, noninvasive bedside tool as an adjunct to clinical methods, but to date, few studies are available about the potential role of ultrasound in difficult airway evaluation, and these are mostly limited to specific groups of patients...
June 9, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888727/the-value-of-bedside-ocular-ultrasound-assessment-of-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-in-the-detection-of-increased-intracranial-pressure-in-patients-presenting-to-the-emergency-room-with-headache
#5
Y Canakci, O Koksal, V A Durak
Introduction: Headache is one of the most important complaints in emergency room (ER) admissions, and the rate of the increase in intracranial pressure in these cases should not be overlooked. This study was performed to investigate the value of the measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) by ocular ultrasound in ER patients with the complaint of headache and increase in intracranial pressure regarding this. Materials and Methods: : A total of 100 patients who applied to the ER with the complaint of headache were included in this prospective study...
June 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887195/misconceptions-in-acute-heart-failure-diagnosis-and-management-in-the-emergency-department
#6
REVIEW
Brit Long, Alex Koyfman, Eric J Chin
INTRODUCTION: Acute heart failure (AHF) accounts for a significant number of emergency department (ED) visits, and the disease may present along a spectrum with a variety of syndromes. OBJECTIVE: This review evaluates several misconceptions concerning heart failure evaluation and management in the ED, followed by several pearls. DISCUSSION: AHF is a heterogeneous syndrome with a variety of presentations. Physicians often rely on natriuretic peptides, but the evidence behind their use is controversial, and these should not be used in isolation...
June 1, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882098/surgeon-performed-ultrasound-in-diagnosing-acute-cholecystitis-and-appendicitis
#7
Camilla Gustafsson, Anna Lindelius, Staffan Törngren, Hans Järnbert-Pettersson, Anders Sondén
BACKGROUND: The use of ultrasound (US) outside the radiology department has increased the last decades, but large studies assessing the quality of bedside US are still lacking. This study evaluates surgeon-performed US (SPUS) and radiologist-performed US (RPUS) with respect to biliary disease and appendicitis. METHODS: Between October 2011 and November 2012, 300 adult patients, with a referral for an abdominal US, were prospectively enrolled in the study and examined by a radiologist as well as a surgeon...
June 7, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875935/locating-the-mental-foramen-at-the-bedside-with-point-of-care-ultrasound-imaging
#8
Abdullah Ebrahim Laher, Feroza Motara, Mike Wells
Introduction: Ultrasound guided neuro-anaesthesia is a developing field of interest to clinicians from various disciplines. The objective of this proof of concept study was to explore the ability, ease and rapidity of ultrasonography in locating the mental foramen. Methods: A convenience sample of 100 patients aged 18 years or older, with no known pathology to the mandibular region, that presented to a single urban ED were enrolled. All patients underwent an ultrasound examination on both sides of the face to locate the mental foramina...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875063/life-threatening-pulmonary-embolism-that-occurred-immediately-after-acute-carbon-monoxide-poisoning-in-the-emergency-department
#9
Seok Jeong Lee, Yong Sung Cha, Yoonsuk Lee, Hyun Kim
The risk of thromboembolism is higher in those with carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning than in the general population. Pulmonary embolisms (PE) usually develop during admission for acute CO poisoning. We report the first case of a life-threatening PE that occurred immediately after acute CO poisoning and was treated with a thrombolytic agent. A 38-year-old woman presented at the emergency department with a stuporous mental status immediately after acute CO poisoning. She was started on hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT), which maintained her hemodynamic stability...
May 30, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869341/a-literature-review-of-systemic-to-pulmonary-collaterals-in-preterm-infants-to-emphasise-their-existence-and-clinical-importance
#10
REVIEW
Dimple Goel, Pankaj Gupta, Stephen Cooper, Jan Klimek
AIM: Cardiorespiratory physiology plays an important role in neonatal care with increasing utility of point of care ultrasound. This review is to bring to light the importance of systemic to pulmonary collaterals (SPCs) in the preterm population without congenital heart disease (CHD) and provide a useful diagnostic tool to the neonatologist performing a cardiac ultrasound. METHODS: Medline, PubMed, EMBASE, and the internet were searched up to November 2017 for papers in English which included SPCs in preterm infants without CHD...
June 5, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866494/noninvasive-evaluation-of-muscle-mass-by-ultrasonography-of-quadriceps-femoris-muscle-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-on-hemodialysis
#11
Alice Sabatino, Giuseppe Regolisti, Marco Delsante, Tommaso Di Motta, Chiara Cantarelli, Sarah Pioli, Giulia Grassi, Valentina Batini, Mariacristina Gregorini, Enrico Fiaccadori
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Protein-Energy Wasting (PEW) is a pathological condition of renal patients with advanced Chronic Kidney Disease characterized by a progressive reduction of energy and protein assets. Nutritional status assessment, especially for what concerns muscle mass, is essential for both the identification of patients at risk for the development of PEW, as well as monitoring the effects of nutritional interventions. Ultrasound methods are easily applicable at the bedside for quantitative assessment of skeletal muscle...
May 19, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858431/point-of-care-ultrasound-pocus-unnecessary-gadgetry-or-evidence-based-medicine
#12
Nicholas Smallwood, Martin Dachsel
Over the last decade there has been increasing interest and enthusiasm in point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) as an aide to traditional examination techniques in assessing acutely unwell adult patients. However, it currently remains the domain of a relatively small handful of physicians within the UK. There are numerous reasons for this, notably a lack of training pathways and supervisors but also a lack of understanding of the evidence base behind this imaging modality. This review article aims to explore some of the evidence base behind POCUS for a number of medical pathologies, and where possible compare it to evidenced traditional examination techniques...
June 2018: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29852509/contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-and-near-infrared-spectroscopy-of-the-neonatal-bowel-novel-bedside-noninvasive-and-radiation-free-imaging-for-early-detection-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#13
Suzanne Al-Hamad, David J Hackam, Seth D Goldstein, Thierry A G M Huisman, Kassa Darge, Misun Hwang
Despite extensive research and improvements in the field of neonatal care, the morbidity and mortality associated with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) have remained unchanged over the past three decades. Early detection of ischemia and necrotic bowel is vital in improving morbidity and mortality associated with NEC; however, strategies for predicting and preventing NEC are lacking. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) are novel techniques in pediatrics that have been proven as safe modalities...
May 31, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851160/point-of-care-lung-ultrasound-in-paediatric-critical-and-emergency-care
#14
REVIEW
Anna Dominguez, Heloisa A Gaspar, Marcela Preto, Fernanda E Ejzenberg
Ultrasound techniques have been developed since the past century and are becoming more useful in different areas of medical knowledge. More recently, lung ultrasound gained importance throughout artefacts analysis to help clinical evaluation at bedside and became subject of interest in the paediatric intensive care and emergency department settings for both procedural and diagnostic purposes. The normal pattern of lung ultrasound is defined by the presence of lung sliding associated with A-lines whereas B-lines may be representative of pathologic findings...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850969/brief-cardiovascular-imaging-with-pocket-size-ultrasound-devices-improves-the-accuracy-of-the-initial-assessment-of-suspected-pulmonary-embolism
#15
Dominika Filipiak-Strzecka, Jarosław D Kasprzak, Piotr Lipiec
Pulmonary embolism onset is frequently neglected due to the non-specific character of its symptoms. Pocket-size imaging devices (PSID) present an opportunity to implement imaging diagnostics into conventional physical examination. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that supplementation of the initial bedside assessment of patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE) with four-point compression venous ultrasonography (CUS) and right ventricular size assessment with the use of PSID equipped with dual probe could positively influence the accuracy of clinical predictions...
May 30, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850271/an-unusual-case-of-refractory-hypoxia-on-the-icu
#16
Caroline Phillips, Clare Harris, Nathaniel Broughton, Thomas Pulimood, Liam Ring
We present the case of a 68-year-old gentleman who presented with breathlessness and was found to have NSTEMI, pulmonary oedema, and hypoxia. He remained hypoxic despite appropriate treatment and was found to have preserved LV function and raised cardiac output. CT pulmonary angiogram was negative but a cirrhotic liver was incidentally noted and later confirmed via ultrasound. Bedside examination was positive for orthodeoxia, suggesting a diagnosis of hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS). The finding of significant intrapulmonary shunting on "bubble" echocardiography confirmed the diagnosis...
2018: Case Reports in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849381/urachal-cyst-diagnosed-by-point-of-care-ultrasound
#17
Vigil James, Jade Seguin, Charisse W Kwan
Irreducible umbilical swelling in infants is considered a surgical emergency because a delay in surgical intervention for an incarcerated umbilical hernia can lead to bowel ischemia and necrosis. We report two patients who presented to a pediatric emergency department with history and symptoms of irreducible umbilical mass suggestive of umbilical hernia. Point-of-care ultrasound was used at the bedside to demonstrate the presence of urachal cyst remnants and accurately guided the care of these children.
November 2017: Clinical practice and cases in emergency medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849283/occult-iliac-deep-vein-thrombosis-in-second-trimester-pregnancy-clues-on-bedside-ultrasound
#18
Roopa Avula, Michael Niemann, Nicole Dorinzi, Kristine Robinson, Melinda Sharon, Joseph Minardi
Isolated pelvic deep vein thromboses (DVT) are rare and difficult to diagnose, but they are more common in pregnant women and carry an increased risk of embolization. Pulmonary embolism is the most common non-obstetric cause of death in pregnancy. Compression ultrasound is the first-line imaging test for suspected lower extremity DVT, but it cannot usually aid in directly visualizing or easily diagnosing isolated pelvic DVT. Nonetheless, point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) may provide valuable clues to help rule in pelvic DVT and expedite initiation of anticoagulant therapy...
August 2017: Clinical practice and cases in emergency medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849232/diagnosis-of-hand-infections-in-intravenous-drug-users-by-ultrasound-and-water-bath-a-case-series
#19
John DeAngelis, Erika St James, Penelope C Lema
We present three cases of hand injury by intravenous drug users in which point-of-care ultrasound, using a specific water bath technique, was able to quickly and efficiently delineate severity of injury. This technique benefited these patients by allowing a painless assessment of their injury for soft tissue injury vs. abscess formation and allowed providers to determine at the bedside whether these patients required immediate surgical intervention.
May 2018: Clinical practice and cases in emergency medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847342/measuring-and-monitoring-lean-body-mass-in-critical-illness
#20
Wilhelmus G P M Looijaard, Jeroen Molinger, Peter J M Weijs
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To help guide metabolic support in critical care, an understanding of patients' nutritional status and risk is important. Several methods to monitor lean body mass are increasingly used in the ICU and knowledge about their advantages and limitations is essential. RECENT FINDINGS: Computed tomography scan analysis, musculoskeletal ultrasound, and bioelectrical impedance analysis are emerging as powerful clinical tools to monitor lean body mass during ICU stay...
May 29, 2018: Current Opinion in Critical Care
keyword
keyword
10208
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"