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zwitterionic polymer

Kazuhiko Ishihara, Weixin Chen, Yihua Liu, Yuriko Tsukamoto, Yuuki Inoue
Multifunctional polymeric nanoparticles are materials with great potential for a wide range of biomedical applications. For progression in this area of research, unfavorable interactions of these nanoparticles with proteins and cells must be avoided in biological environments, for example, through treatment of the nanoparticle surfaces. Construction of an artificial cell membrane structure based on polymers bearing the zwitterionic phosphorylcholine group can prevent biological reactions at the surface effectively...
2016: Science and Technology of Advanced Materials
Joel M Sarapas, Gregory N Tew
A new use of the thiol-ene reaction to generate functional, redox-tunable polymers is described. To illustrate the versatility of this approach, tailored divinyl ether monomers were polymerized with triethylene glycol dithiol to yield polymers containing either a carbonate or zwitterionic phosphocholine within the polymer backbone. Similarly, dithioerythritol was polymerized with triethylene glycol divinyl ether to yield a polymer with pendant diols and show how functional groups can be designed into either the divinyl ether or dithiol monomer...
November 22, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Teng Gong, Xiaobing Lou, Jia-Jia Fang, En-Qing Gao, Bingwen Hu
A novel Co(ii) coordination polymer, [Co(H2O)6][Co6(bpybdc)2(N3)10(H2O)4]·8H2O (bpybdc(2-) = 1,1'-bis(3,5-dicarboxylatophenyl)-4,4'-bipyridinium), has been synthesized from a rigid zwitterionic tetracarboxylate ligand and azide. In this compound, hexacobalt clusters with mixed μ-1,1-azide, μ3-1,1,1-azide and μ-1,3-carboxylate bridges are linked into chains by μ-1,3-azide bridges, and the chains are interlinked into 2-fold interpenetrated three-dimensional frameworks through the organic ligand and hydrogen bonds mediated by hexaaquacobalt(ii) complex ions...
November 21, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Onnuri Kim, Hoon Kim, U Hyeok Choi, Moon Jeong Park
The key challenges in the advancement of actuator technologies related to artificial muscles include fast-response time, low operation voltages and durability. Although several researchers have tackled these challenges over the last few decades, no breakthrough has been made. Here we describe a platform for the development of soft actuators that moves a few millimetres under 1 V in air, with a superfast response time of tens of milliseconds. An essential component of this actuator is the single-ion-conducting polymers that contain well-defined ionic domains through the introduction of zwitterions; this achieved an exceptionally high dielectric constant of 76 and a 300-fold enhancement in ionic conductivity...
November 18, 2016: Nature Communications
Fang Sun, Hsiang-Chieh Hung, Andrew Sinclair, Peng Zhang, Tao Bai, Daniel David Galvan, Priyesh Jain, Bowen Li, Shaoyi Jiang, Qiuming Yu
Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) is an ultrasensitive analytical technique with molecular specificity, making it an ideal candidate for therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM). However, in critical diagnostic media including blood, nonspecific protein adsorption coupled with weak surface affinities and small Raman activities of many analytes hinder the TDM application of SERS. Here we report a hierarchical surface modification strategy, first by coating a gold surface with a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) designed to attract or probe for analytes and then by grafting a non-fouling zwitterionic polymer brush layer to effectively repel protein fouling...
November 11, 2016: Nature Communications
Guixiang Wang, Rui Han, Xiaoli Su, Yinan Li, Guiyun Xu, Xiliang Luo
Zwitterionic peptides were anchored to a conducting polymer of citrate doped poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) via the nickel cation coordination, and the obtained peptide modified PEDOT, with excellent antifouling ability and good conductivity, was further used for the immobilization of a DNA probe to construct an electrochemical biosensor for the breast cancer marker BRCA1. The DNA biosensor was highly sensitive (with detection limit of 0.03fM) and selective, and it was able to detect BRCA1 in 5% (v/v) human plasma with satisfying accuracy and low fouling...
November 1, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Clément Monteil, Nathalie Bar, Agnès Bee, Didier Villemin
Wastewater cleaning strategies based on the adsorption of materials are being increasingly considered, but the wide variety of organic pollutants at low concentrations still makes their removal a challenge. The hybrid material proposed here consists of a zwitterionic polyethylenimine polymer coating a magnetic core. Polyethylenimine is phosphonated at different percentages by a one-step process and used to coat maghemite nanoparticles. It selectively extracts high amounts of cationic and anionic contaminants over a wide range of pH values, depending on the adjustable number of phosphonate groups introduced on the polymer...
2016: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Shehab Alzobaidi, Chang Da, Vu Tran, Maša Prodanović, Keith P Johnston
Ultralow water content carbon dioxide-in-water (C/W) foams with gas phase volume fractions (ϕ) above 0.95 (that is <0.05 water) tend to be inherently unstable given that the large capillary pressures that cause the lamellar films to thin. Herein, we demonstrate that these C/W foams may be stabilized with viscoelastic aqueous phases formed with a single zwitterionic surfactant at a concentration of only 1% (w/v) in DI water and over a wide range of salinity. Moreover, they are stable with a foam quality ϕ up to 0...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Sheng-Han Chen, Yung Chang, Kazuhiko Ishihara
To conquer thrombogenic reactions of hydrocarbon-based biomaterials in clinical blood treatment, we introduce a model study of a surface zwitterionization of polypropylene (PP) substrate using a set of well-defined copolymers for controlling the adhesion of blood cells in vitro. Random and block copolymers containing zwitterionic units of 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC), [3-(methacryloylamino)propyl] dimethyl(3-sulfopropyl)ammonium hydroxide inner salt (SBAA), or non-ionic units of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) with a controlled hydrophobic segment of 70% n-butyl methacrylate (BMA) units in these polymers were synthesized by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization...
November 1, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Yao Liu, Volodimyr V Duzhko, Zachariah A Page, Todd Emrick, Thomas P Russell
Conjugated polymer zwitterions (CPZs) are neutral, hydrophilic, polymer semiconductors. The pendent zwitterions, viewed as side chain dipoles, impart solubility in polar solvents for solution processing, and open opportunities as interfacial components of optoelectronic devices, for example, between metal electrodes and organic semiconductor active layers. Such interlayers are crucial for defining the performance of organic electronic devices, e.g., field-effect transistors (OFETs), light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), and photovoltaics (OPVs), all of which consist of multilayer structures...
October 26, 2016: Accounts of Chemical Research
Alexander Dundua, Steffen Franzka, Mathias Ulbricht
Nonspecific adsorption of proteins is a challenging problem for the development of biocompatible materials, as well as for antifouling and fouling-release coatings, for instance for the marine industry. The concept of preparing amphiphilic systems based on low surface energy hydrophobic materials via their hydrophilic modification is being widely pursued. This work describes a novel two-step route for the preparation of interpenetrating polymer networks of otherwise incompatible poly(dimethylsiloxane) and zwitterionic polymers...
October 25, 2016: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Chia-Chih Chang, Kristopher W Kolewe, Yinyong Li, Irem Kosif, Benny D Freeman, Kenneth R Carter, Jessica D Schiffman, Todd Emrick
Hydration is central to mitigating surface fouling by oil and microorganisms. Immobilization of hydrophilic polymers on surfaces promotes retention of water and a reduction of direct interactions with potential foulants. While conventional surface modification techniques are surface-specific, mussel-inspired adhesives based on dopamine effectively coat many types of surfaces and thus hold potential as a universal solution to surface modification. Here, we describe a facile, one-step surface modification strategy that affords hydrophilic, and underwater superoleophobic, coatings by the simultaneous deposition of polydopamine (PDA) with poly(methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine) (polyMPC)...
March 23, 2016: Advanced Materials Interfaces
Dongping Yu, Zhimou Guo, Aijin Shen, Jingyu Yan, Xuefang Dong, Gaowa Jin, Zhen Long, Lina Liang, Xinmiao Liang
Zwitterionic polymer stationary phases have attracted increasing attention in hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC). In this work, a zwitterionic sulfobetaine functionalized polyacrylamide stationary phase (named TENS) based on porous silica particles was prepared via controlled surface initiated reversible addition-fragmentation transfer (RAFT) polymerization. Instead of traditional methacrylate type sulfobetaine monomer, acrylamide type sulfobetaine monomer, which has higher chemical stability and hydrophicility, was employed in this work...
December 1, 2016: Talanta
Yichuan Hu, Bo Liang, Lu Fang, Guanglong Ma, Guang Yang, Qin Zhu, Shengfu Chen, Xuesong Ye
In this work, a versatile fabrication method of coating enzyme-based biosensors with ultra-thin antifouling zwitterionic polymer films to meet the challenge of the long-time stability of sensors in vivo was developed. Electrochemically mediated atom transfer radical polymerization (eATRP) was applied to polymerize zwitterionic sulfobetaine methacrylate (SBMA) monomers on the rough enzyme-absorbed electrode surfaces, meanwhile a refined overall bromination was developed to improve the coverage of polymers on the biosensor surfaces, and maintain the enzyme activity simultaneously for the first time...
October 18, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Nathaniel Charles Wardrip, Melissa Dsouza, Meltem Urgun-Demirtas, Seth W Snyder, Jack A Gilbert, Christopher J Arnusch
Understanding and restricting microbial surface attachment will enhance wastewater treatment with membranes. We report a maskless lithographic patterning technique for the generation of patterned polymer coatings on ultrafiltration membranes. Polyethylene glycol, zwitterionic, or negatively charged hydrophilic polymer compositions in parallel- or perpendicular-striped patterns with respect to feed flow were evaluated using wastewater. Membrane fouling was dependent on the orientation and the chemical composition of the coatings...
October 17, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yuka Kobayashi, Takeshi Terauchi, Satoshi Sumi, Yoshitaka Matsushita
Metallic conduction generally requires high carrier concentration and wide bandwidth derived from strong orbital interaction between atoms or molecules. These requisites are especially important in organic compounds because a molecule is fundamentally an insulator; only multi-component salts with strong intermolecular interaction-namely, only charge transfer complexes and conducting polymers-have demonstrated intrinsic metallic behaviour. Herein we report a single-component electroactive molecule, zwitterionic tetrathiafulvalene(TTF)-extended dicarboxylate radical (TED), exhibiting metallic conduction even at low temperatures...
October 10, 2016: Nature Materials
Tat'yana A Peganova, Iana S Sinopalnikova, Alexander S Peregudov, Ivan V Fedyanin, Albert Demonceau, Nikolai A Ustynyuk, Alexander M Kalsin
Novel half-sandwich 18ē and 16ē arene ruthenium iminophosphonamide complexes [(η(6)-C6Me6)RuCl{(R'N)2PR2}] (3a-c) and [(η(6)-C6Me6)Ru{(R'N)2PR2}](+)(X(-)) (4a-c) (a, R = Ph, R' = p-Tol; b, R = Et, R' = p-Tol; c, R = Ph, R' = Me. X = BF4, PF6 or BAr(F)4) were synthesized. The elongated Ru-Cl bond in the 18ē complexes is shown to dissociate even in apolar solvents to form the corresponding 16ē cations, which can be readily isolated as salts with non-coordinating anions. The coordinatively unsaturated 16ē complexes are stable species due to efficient π-electron donation from the nitrogen atoms of the zwitterionic NPN-ligand...
October 4, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Hana Vaisocherová-Lísalová, František Surman, Ivana Víšová, Milan Vala, Tomáš Špringer, Maria Laura Ermini, Hana Šípová, Petr Šedivák, Milan Houska, Tomáš Riedel, Ognen Pop-Georgievski, Eduard Brynda, Jiří Homola
Functional polymer coatings that combine the ability to resist nonspecific fouling from complex media with high biorecognition element (BRE) immobilization capacity represent an emerging class of new functional materials for a number of bioanalytical and biosensor technologies for medical diagnostics, security, and food safety. Here, we report on a random copolymer brush surface - poly(CBMAA-ran-HPMAA) - providing high BRE immobilization capacity while simultaneously exhibiting ultralow-fouling behavior in complex food media...
October 14, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Stefanie C Lange, Esther van Andel, Maarten M J Smulders, Han Zuilhof
To enhance the sensitivity and selectivity of surface-based (bio)sensors, it is of crucial importance to diminish background signals that arise from the nonspecific binding of biomolecules, so-called biofouling. Zwitterionic polymer brushes have been shown to be excellent antifouling materials. However, for sensing purposes, antifouling does not suffice but needs to be combined with the possibility to efficiently modify the brush with recognition units. So far this has been achieved only at the expense of either antifouling properties or binding capacity...
October 11, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Saurabh Das, Byoung Hoon Lee, Roscoe T H Linstadt, Keila Cunha, Youli Li, Yair Kaufman, Zachary A Levine, Bruce H Lipshutz, Roberto D Lins, Joan-Emma Shea, Alan J Heeger, B Kollbe Ahn
Despite the need for molecularly smooth self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on silicon dioxide surfaces (the most common dielectric surface), current techniques are limited to nonideal silane grafting. Here, we show unique bioinspired zwitterionic molecules forming a molecularly smooth and uniformly thin SAM in "water" in <1 min on various dielectric surfaces, which enables a dip-coating process that is essential for organic electronics to become reality. This monomolecular layer leads to high mobility of organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) based on various organic semiconductors and source/drain electrodes...
October 12, 2016: Nano Letters
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