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zwitterionic polymer

Meredith A Jackson, Thomas A Werfel, Elizabeth J Curvino, Fang Yu, Taylor Elizabeth Kavanaugh, Samantha M Sarett, Mary D Dockery, Kameron V Kilchrist, Ayisha N Jackson, Todd D Giorgio, Craig L Duvall
Although siRNA-based nanomedicines hold promise for cancer treatment, conventional siRNA-polymer complex (polyplex) nanocarrier systems have poor pharmacokinetics following intravenous delivery, hindering tumor accumulation. Here, we determined the impact of surface chemistry on the in vivo pharmacokinetics and tumor delivery of siRNA polyplexes. A library of diblock polymers was synthesized, all containing the same pH-responsive, endosomolytic polyplex core-forming block but different corona blocks: 5 kDa (benchmark) and 20 kDa linear PEG, 10 kDa and 20 kDa brush-like poly(oligo ethylene glycol) (POEGMA), and 10 kDa and 20 kDa zwitterionic phosphorylcholine-based polymers (PMPC)...
May 26, 2017: ACS Nano
Laura Silies, Annette Andrieu-Brunsen
Creating switchable and gradually tunable pores or channels that display transport control similar to biological pores remains a major challenge in nanotechnology. It requires the generation and manipulation of complex charge situations at the nanoscale and the understanding of how confinement influences chemistry and transport. Here, two different pore sizes, ∼100 nm and less than 10 nm, functionalized with varying amounts of responsive zwitterionic polycarboxybetaine methyl acrylate (PCBMA) give fascinating insight into the confinement controlled ionic transport of pores functionalized with pH-dependent zwitterionic polymers...
May 23, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Jiae Seo, Ji-Hun Seo
The goal of this study is to fabricate a stable plasma filtration membrane with anti-biofouling properties via an electrospinning process. To this end, a random-type copolymer consisting of zwitterionic phosphorylcholine (PC) groups and ultraviolet (UV)-crosslinkable phenyl azide groups was synthesized. The zwitterionic PC group provides anti-biofouling properties, and the phenyl azide group enables the stable maintenance of the fibrous nanostructure of hydrophilic zwitterion polymers in aqueous medium via a simple UV curing process...
May 23, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Shuya Li, Feng Wang, Xiaoqiu Li, Jing Chen, Xiaohan Zhang, Yucai Wang, Juewen Liu
Zwitterionic phosphocholine (PC) liposomes are widely used for drug delivery since they are highly biocompatible and have a long blood circulation time. We herein report that by flipping the direction of the PC dipole, the resulting choline phosphate liposomes (named CPe) have an even longer circulation time, as confirmed at both cellular and animal model levels. Even when 33% cholesterol was included in the lipid formulation with a polyethylene glycol (PEG) layer, the CPe liposome still had a longer blood circulation time...
May 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Wufang Yang, Peng Lin, Daocang Cheng, Longzhou Zhang, Yang Wu, Yupeng Liu, Xiaowei Pei, Feng Zhou
Semi-interpenetrated polyvinyl alcohol polymer networks (SIPNs) were prepared by integrating various charged components into polyvinyl alcohol polymer. Contact angle measurement, attenuated total reflection fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ART-FTIR), field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM) and tensile tests were used to characterize the physicochemical properties of the prepared SIPNs. In order to investigate the contribution of charges to the marine antifouling, the adhesion behaviors of green alga D...
May 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Wenliang Wang, Bo Wang, Sanrong Liu, Xudong Shang, XinXin Yan, Zonghua Liu, Xiaojing Ma, Xifei Yu
Limited cellular uptake and inefficient intracellular drug release severely hamper the landscape of polymer drug nanocarriers in cancer chemotherapy. Herein, to address these urgent challenges in tumor treatment simultaneously, we integrated the multivalent choline phosphate (CP) and bioreducible linker into a single polymer chain, designed and synthesized a neoteric bioreducible polymer nanocarrier. The excellent hydrophility of these zwitterionic CP groups endowed high drug loading content and drug loading efficiency of doxorubicin to this drug delivery system (∼22...
May 8, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Kang-Ting Huang, Yun-Lung Fang, Pai-Shan Hsieh, Chun-Chang Li, Niann-Tzyy Dai, Chun-Jen Huang
Zwitterionic poly(sulfobetaine acrylamide) (pSBAA)-based nanocomposite hydrogels impregnated with germicidal silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized and implemented for the treatment of infected chronic wounds. The zwitterionic hydrogels exhibited excellent non-sticky properties and had reinforced mechanical properties by the addition of hectorite nanoclay and poly(ethylene glycol)dimethacrylate as physical and chemical crosslinkers, respectively. In addition, AgNPs were grown within the intercalated clay/polymer structure by in situ free radical reduction, as confirmed by UV-vis spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM)...
May 3, 2017: Biomaterials Science
Thien N Tran, Sankara N Ramanan, Haiqing Lin
Hydrogels have been widely utilized to enhance the surface hydrophilicity of membranes for water purification, increasing the antifouling properties and thus achieving stable water permeability through membranes over time. Here, we report a facile method to prepare hydrogels based on zwitterions for membrane applications. Freestanding films can be prepared from sulfobetaine methacrylate (SBMA) with a crosslinker of poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEGDA) via photopolymerization. The hydrogels can also be prepared by impregnation into hydrophobic porous supports to enhance the mechanical strength...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Hsiang-Yu Chang, Yu-Ting Tseng, Zhiqin Yuan, Hung-Lung Chou, Ching-Hsiang Chen, Bing-Joe Hwang, Meng-Che Tsai, Huan-Tsung Chang, Chih-Ching Huang
In this study, we prepared photoluminescent l-cysteine (Cys)-capped gold nanoclusters (Cys-Au NCs) via NaBH4-mediated reduction of aggregated coordination polymers (supramolecules) of -[Cys-Au(i)]n-. The -[Cys-Au(i)]n- supramolecules with interesting chiral properties were formed through simple reactions of chloroauric acid (HAuCl4) with Cys at certain pH values (pH 3-7). The -[Cys-Au(i)]n- polymers could self-assemble into -[Cys-Au(i)]n- supramolecules with irregular morphologies and diameters larger than 500 nm through stacked hydrogen bonding and zwitterionic interactions between Cys ligands and through Au(i)Au(i) aurophilic interactions in solutions with pH values ≤7...
May 17, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Pei Sun, Dong Chen, Hongping Deng, Nan Wang, Ping Huang, Xin Jin, Xinyuan Zhu
Despite the great advantages of polymer-drug conjugates (PDC) in cancer therapy, control of the drug loading site and degree via a facile approach remains a great challenge. Herein, by combining the controllability of the "bottom-up" strategy and the stability of multiarm hyperbranched amphiphiles, we have developed novel multi-polyprodrug-arm hyperbranched amphiphiles (H40-star-(PHCPTMA-b-PMPC), hPCM) via reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization for cancer therapy. The hPCM was constructed via two-step polymerization of an acid-labile prodrug monomer and a zwitterionic monomer, respectively...
May 5, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Patrik Sobolčiak, Anton Popelka, Matej Mičušík, Monika Sláviková, Igor Krupa, Jaroslav Mosnáček, Ján Tkáč, Igor Lacík, Peter Kasák
Simple and robust methods for modifying hydrophobic polymer surfaces with zwitterionic polymers using UV irradiation were developed. Two random zwitterionic copolymers consisting of either carboxybetaine or sulfobetaine methacrylamide monomers and monomers bearing a photolabile azidophenyl group were directly photoimmobilized on polymeric surfaces (polyester, polyethylene and polystyrene) via covalent interactions in a spatially controlled manner. These copolymers were also electrospun to form self-standing mats...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Alberto Gallardo, Enrique Martínez-Campos, Carolina García, Aitziber L Cortajarena, Juan Rodríguez-Hernández
In this manuscript, we describe the fabrication of hydrogel supports for mammalian cell handling that can simultaneously prevent materials from microbial contamination and therefore allow storage in aqueous media. For that purpose, hydrogels based on the antifouling polymer polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) were functionalized with different ionic groups (anionic, cationic, or two types of zwitterions). In order to prevent bacterial adhesion in the long-term, we took advantage of the synergistic effect of inherently antifouling PVP and additional antifouling moieties incorporated within the hydrogel structure...
April 18, 2017: Biomacromolecules
Nan Wang, Pei Sun, Mingming Lv, Gangsheng Tong, Xin Jin, Xinyuan Zhu
Effective penetration through the blood-brain barrier (BBB) remains a challenge for the treatment of many brain diseases. In this study, a small molecule, sinapic acid (SA), extracted from mustard, was selected as a novel bioinspired BBB-permeable ligand for efficient drug delivery in glioma treatment. SA was conjugated on the surface of zwitterionic polymer poly(2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine) (PMPC)-encapsulated bovine serum albumin (BSA)-based nanoparticles, yielding nBSA-SA. The PMPC shell serves as a protective layer to prolong the in vivo blood circulation time with a better chance to cross the BBB...
May 2, 2017: Biomaterials Science
Robin Rajan, Kazuaki Matsumura
Protein aggregation is a process by which misfolded proteins polymerizes into aggregates and forms fibrous structures with a β-sheet conformation, known as amyloids. It is an undesired outcome, as it not only causes numerous neurodegenerative diseases, but is also a major deterrent in the development of protein biopharmaceuticals. Here, we report a rational design for the synthesis of novel zwitterionic polymer-based core-shell nanogels via controlled radical polymerization. Nanogels with different sizes and functionalities in the core and shell were prepared...
April 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
Linyong Song, Qiang Ye, Xueping Ge, Anil Misra, Candan Tamerler, Paulette Spencer
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the polymerization kinetics, neutralization behavior, and mechanical properties of amine-functionalized dental adhesive cured in the presence of zwitterionic monomer, methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC). METHODS: The control adhesive was a mixture based on HEMA/BisGMA/2-N-morpholinoethyl methacrylate (MEMA) (40/30/30, w/w/w). The control and experimental formulations containing MPC were characterized with regard to water miscibility of liquid resins, photopolymerization kinetics, water sorption and solubility, dynamic mechanical properties and leachables from the polymers (aged in ethanol)...
May 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Yang Liu, Haitao Huang, Pengfei Huo, Jiyou Gu
This study focused on the preparation of a new kind of membrane material, zwitterionic cellulose acetate (ZCA), via a three-step procedure consist of oxidization, Schiff base and quaternary amination reaction, and the fabrication of antifouling ZCA ultrafiltration membrane by the non-solvent-induced phase separation method (NIPS). The morphologies, surface chemical structures and compositions of the obtained CA and ZCA membranes were thoroughly characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) with energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), respectively...
June 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Jinbing Xie, Yang Lu, Wei Wang, Hui Zhu, Zhigang Wang, Zhiqiang Cao
Polymer-protein conjugation has been extensively explored toward a better protein drug with improved pharmacokinetics. However, a major problem with polymer-protein conjugation is that the polymers drastically reduce the bioactivity of the modified protein. There is no perfect solution to prevent the bioactivity loss, no matter the polymer is conjugated in a non-site specific way, or a more complex site-specific procedure. Here the authors report for the first time that when zwitterionic carboxybetaine polymer (PCB) is conjugated to insulin through simple conventional coupling chemistry...
March 24, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Ruiqing Lu, Chang Zhang, Maria Piatkovsky, Mathias Ulbricht, Moshe Herzberg, Thanh H Nguyen
Potable water reuse has been adopted by cities suffering water scarcity in recent years. The microbial safety in water reuse, especially with respect to pathogenic viruses, is still a concern for water consumers. Membrane filtration can achieve sufficient removal of pathogenic viruses without disinfection byproducts, but the required energy is intensive. In this study, we graft-polymerized zwitterionic SPP ([3-(methacryloylamino) propyl] dimethyl (3-sulfopropyl) ammonium hydroxide) on a 150 kDa ultrafiltration polyethersulfone membrane to achieve a significantly higher virus removal...
June 1, 2017: Water Research
Candelaria I Cámara, Natalia Wilke
Polysaccharides have been associated with various biological functions through their binding to membranes, but their specific role is still under debate. The aim of this work was to study the interaction of cationic and anionic polysaccharides with anionic and zwitterionic monolayers, at different subphase compositions, thus analyzing the influence of electrostatics on the interaction. The consequent effect of the polymer-lipid binding on the film properties was studied, with special interest in monolayer dynamics...
April 2017: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
Taisheng Wang, Na Zhang, Jingwen Dai, Zili Li, Wei Bai, Ruke Bai
Although the rational designed mechanochromic polymer (MCP) materials have evoked major interest and experienced significant progress recently, it is still a great challenge to develop a facile and effective strategy for preparation of reversible broad-spectrum MCPs with a combination of wide-range color switch ability and high sensitivity, which thus make it possible to mimic gorgeous color change as in nature. Herein, we designed and synthesized a novel rhodamine-based mechanochromic elastomer. Our results demonstrated that the elastomer exhibited very promising and unique properties...
March 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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