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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202420/out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-ohca-attended-by-mobile-emergency-teams-with-a-physician-on-board-results-of-the-spanish-ohca-registry-oshcar
#1
Fernando Rosell-Ortiz, José M Navalpotro-Pascual, Patricia Fernández Del Valle, Luis Sánchez-Santos, Xavier Escalada-Roig, Alfredo Echarri-Sucunza, José M Adsuar-Quesada, Isabel Ceniceros-Rozalén, José I Ruiz-Azpiazu, Karlos Ibarguren-Olalde, Nuria López-Cabeza, María V Mier-Ruiz, Enrique Martín-Sánchez, Marta Martínez Del Valle, Guadalupe Inza-Muñoz, Juan A Cordero Torres, María J García-Ochoa, José A Cortés-Ramas, Raúl Canabal-Berlanga, Rafael Zoyo López-Navarro, Juan B López-Messa, Javier García Del Águila, Daniel Alonso-Moreno, Carmen Pozo-Pérez, José Bravo-Castello, Natividad Ramos-García, Ignacio Gómez-Larrosa, Francisco J Mellado-Vergel
: Most survival outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) are provided by emergency medical services (EMS) without a doctor on board. Our objective was to determine such outcomes in a whole country with public physician-led EMS. METHODS: We analyzed data from a nationwide prospective registry of OHCA cases attended by emergency medical teams (EMS) of 19 Public EMS in Spain, covering the period from 1 October 2013 to 30-October 2014 (13 months). RESULTS: Advanced life support (ALS) was initiated in 9347 cases (incidence of 18...
February 12, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147415/improving-survival-after-cardiac-arrest
#2
Conrad Arnfinn Bjørshol, Eldar Søreide
Each year, approximately half a million people suffer out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (CA) in Europe: The majority die. Survival after CA varies greatly between regions and countries. The authors give an overview of the important elements necessary to promote improved survival after CA as a function of the chain of survival and formula for survival concepts. The chain of survival incorporates bystanders (who identify warning symptoms, call the emergency dispatch center, initiate cardiopulmonary resuscitation [CPR]), dispatchers (who identify CA, and instruct and reassure the caller), first responders (who provide high-quality CPR, early defibrillation), paramedics and other prehospital care providers (who continue high-quality CPR, and provide timely defibrillation and advanced life support, transport to CA center), and hospitals (targeted temperature management, percutaneous coronary intervention, delayed prognostication)...
February 2017: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143588/recognition-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-during-emergency-calls-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#3
REVIEW
Søren Viereck, Thea Palsgaard Møller, Josephine Philip Rothman, Fredrik Folke, Freddy Knudsen Lippert
BACKGROUND: The medical dispatcher plays an essential role as part of the first link in the Chain of Survival, by recognising the out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) during the emergency call, dispatching the appropriate first responder or emergency medical services response, performing dispatcher assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and referring to the nearest automated external defibrillator. The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate and compare studies reporting recognition of OHCA patients during emergency calls...
February 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126019/telemedical-support-for-prehospital-emergency-medical-service-tems-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Ana Stevanovic, Stefan Kurt Beckers, Michael Czaplik, Sebastian Bergrath, Mark Coburn, Jörg Christian Brokmann, Ralf-Dieter Hilgers, Rolf Rossaint
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of emergency calls, shortages of Emergency Medical Service (EMS), physicians, prolonged emergency response times and regionally different quality of treatment by EMS physicians require improvement of this system. Telemedical solutions have been shown to be beneficial in different emergency projects, focused on specific disease patterns. Our previous pilot studies have shown that the implementation of a holistic prehospital EMS teleconsultation system, between paramedics and experienced tele-EMS physicians, is safe and feasible in different emergency situations...
January 26, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998633/limitations-in-prehospital-communication-between-trauma-helicopter-ambulance-services-and-dispatch-centers
#5
Annelieke Maria Karien Harmsen, Georgios Giannakopoulos, Gaby Franschman, Herman Christiaans, Frank Bloemers
BACKGROUND: Prehospital communication with Emergency Medical Services (EMS) is carried out in hectic situations. Proper communication among all medical personal is required to enhance collaboration, to provide the best care and enable shared situational awareness. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article was to give insight into current Dutch prehospital emergency care communication among all EMS and evaluate the usage of a new physician staffed helicopter EMS (P-HEMS) cancellation model...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923114/effect-of-bystander-cpr-initiation-prior-to-the-emergency-call-on-rosc-and-30day-survival-an-evaluation-of-548-emergency-calls
#6
Søren Viereck, Thea Palsgaard Møller, Annette Kjær Ersbøll, Fredrik Folke, Freddy Lippert
BACKGROUND: This study aimed at evaluating if time for initiation of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) - prior to the emergency call (CPRprior) versus during the emergency call following dispatcher-assisted CPR (CPRduring) - was associated with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and 30-day survival. The secondary aim was to identify predictors of CPRprior. METHODS: This observational study evaluated out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) occurring in the Capital Region of Denmark from 01...
February 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918864/comparison-of-emergency-medical-services-and-trauma-care-systems-among-pan-asian-countries-an-international-multicenter-population-based-survey
#7
Kyong Min Sun, Kyoung Jun Song, Sang Do Shin, Hideharu Tanaka, Goh E Shaun, Wen-Chu Chiang, Kentaro Kajino, Sabariah Faizah Jamaluddin, Akio Kimura, Young Sun Ro, Dae Han Wi, Ju Ok Park, Sung Woo Moon, Young Hee Jung, Min Jung Kim, James F Holmes
OBJECTIVE: Knowledge on the current trauma systems in Asian countries is limited. The objective of this study was to describe the emergency medical services (EMS) and trauma care systems among countries participating in the Pan-Asian Trauma Outcomes Study (PATOS) Clinical Research Network. METHODS: The PATOS network consists of 33 participating sites from 14 countries. Standardized data was collected from each site using an EMS survey form and included general information (population, population density, urbanization, EMS service fee, etc...
December 5, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912778/medical-priority-dispatch-codes-comparison-with-national-early-warning-score
#8
Marko Hoikka, Sami Länkimäki, Tom Silfvast, Tero I Ala-Kokko
BACKGROUND: In Finland, calls for emergency medical services are prioritized by educated non-medical personnel into four categories-from A (highest risk) to D (lowest risk)-following a criteria-based national dispatch protocol. Discrepancies in triage may result in risk overestimation, leading to inappropriate use of emergency medical services units and to risk underestimation that can negatively impact patient outcome. To evaluate dispatch protocol accuracy, we assessed association between priority assigned at dispatch and the patient's condition assessed by emergency medical services on the scene using an early warning risk assessment tool...
December 3, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856240/time-delays-to-reach-dispatch-centres-in-different-regions-in-europe-are-we-losing-the-window-of-opportunity-the-eurocall-study
#9
Nikolaos Nikolaou, Maaret Castrén, Koenraad G Monsieurs, Diana Cimpoesu, Marios Georgiou, Violetta Raffay, Rudolph Koster, Silvija Hunyadi-Antičević, Anatolij Truhlář, Leo Bossaert
AIM: In out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) the start of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) by a single rescuer may be delayed considerably if the total time (TT) to connect the telephone call to the Emergency Medical Communication Centre (EMCC) is prolonged. EUROCALL investigated the TT-EMCC and its components using different calling procedures. METHODS: This prospective, multicentre, randomised study was performed in April 2013. Telephone calls were randomly allocated to time of call, and to those connecting directly to the EMCC (1-step procedure) and those diverted before connecting to the EMCC (2-step procedure)...
February 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843347/the-danish-quality-database-for-prehospital-emergency-medical-services
#10
REVIEW
Erika Frischknecht Christensen, Peter Anthony Berlac, Henrik Nielsen, Christian Fynbo Christiansen
AIM OF DATABASE: The aim of the Danish quality database for prehospital emergency medical services (QEMS) is to assess, monitor, and improve the quality of prehospital emergency medical service care in the entire prehospital patient pathway. The aim of this review is to describe the design and the implementation of QEMS. STUDY POPULATION: The study population consists of all "112 patient contacts" defined as emergency patients, where the entrance to health care is a 112 call forwarded to one of the five regional emergency medical coordination centers in Denmark since January 1, 2014...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806518/a-comprehensive-analysis-of-dispatching-of-traumatic-brain-injuries-in-the-fifth-period-at-the-rajaie-hospital-in-ghachsaran
#11
Abouzar Alidadi, Rooholah Zaboli, Razzagh Abedi, Mohammad Reza Soltanizarandi
INTRODUCTION: Increasing car accidents in young group and head-stroke mechanisms in developing countryis are the main cause of brain lesions and injuries related to trauma, so that traumatic severe brain lesions and injuries and uncontrollable hemorrhage are the major cause of mortality and morbidity due to trauma. Statistical analysis and factors along with main injuries can give us useful information in the field of injury management, patient dispatching management, proper scheduling, and patients dispatching to appropriate centers...
July 25, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793995/identifying-patients-at-risk-for-prehospital-sudden-cardiac-arrest-at-the-early-phase-of-myocardial-infarction-the-e-must-study-evaluation-en-m%C3%A3-decine-d-urgence-des-strat%C3%A3-gies-th%C3%A3-rapeutiques-des-infarctus-du-myocarde
#12
Nicole Karam, Sophie Bataille, Eloi Marijon, Olivier Giovannetti, Muriel Tafflet, Dominique Savary, Hakim Benamer, Christophe Caussin, Philippe Garot, Jean-Michel Juliard, Virginie Pires, Thévy Boche, François Dupas, Gaelle Le Bail, Lionel Lamhaut, François Laborne, Hugues Lefort, Mireille Mapouata, Frederic Lapostolle, Christian Spaulding, Jean-Philippe Empana, Xavier Jouven, Yves Lambert
BACKGROUND: In-hospital mortality of ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has decreased drastically. In contrast, prehospital mortality from sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) remains high and difficult to reduce. Identification of the patients with STEMI at higher risk for prehospital SCA could facilitate rapid triage and intervention in the field. METHODS: Using a prospective, population-based study evaluating all patients with STEMI managed by emergency medical services in the greater Paris area (11...
December 20, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785135/determinants-of-unfavorable-prognosis-for-out-of-hospital-sudden-cardiac-arrest-in-bielsko-biala-district
#13
Dariusz Gach, Jolanta U Nowak, Łukasz J Krzych
INTRODUCTION: The prognosis in out-of-hospital sudden cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains unfavorable and depends on a number of demographic and clinical variables, the reversibility of its causes and its mechanisms. AIM: To investigate the risk factors of prehospital death in patients with OHCA in Bielsko County. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study analyzed all dispatch cards of the National Emergency Medical Services (EMS) teams in Bielsko-Biala for the year 2013 (n = 23 400)...
September 2016: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770712/effects-of-noise-on-telephone-calls-to-the-madrid-regional-medical-emergency-service-summa-112
#14
Rocío Carmona, Cristina Linares, Cristina Ortiz, Blanca Vázquez, Julio Díaz
BACKGROUND: Although the effects of noise on population morbidity and mortality have been observed both in the short and long term, the morbidity and mortality indicators used to date have not enabled information on such health effects to be accessed in real time. At an international level, there are relatively few studies, mostly recent, which have considered an alternative indicator, such as the demand for medical attention provided by emergency services, taking into account environmental factors other than noise...
January 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768861/factors-impacting-upon-timely-and-adequate-allocation-of-prehospital-medical-assistance-and-resources-to-cardiac-arrest-patients
#15
Camilla Hardeland, Kjetil Sunde, Helge Ramsdal, Susan R Hebbert, Linda Soilammi, Fredrik Westmark, Fredrik Nordum, Andreas E Hansen, Jon E Steen-Hansen, Theresa M Olasveengen
AIM: Explore, understand and address issues that impact upon timely and adequate allocation of prehospital medical assistance and resources to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients. METHODS: Mixed-methods design obtaining data for one year in three emergency medical communication centres (EMCC); Oslo-Akershus (OA), Vestfold-Telemark (VT) and Østfold (Ø). Data collection included quantitative data from analysis of dispatch logs, ambulance records and audio files...
December 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755329/descriptive-correlates-of-urban-pediatric-violent-injury-using-emergency-medical-service-patient-level-data
#16
Jennifer D H Walthall, Aaron Burgess, Elizabeth Weinstein, Charles Miramonti, Thomas Arkins, Sarah Wiehe
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe spatiotemporal correlates of pediatric violent injury in an urban community. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using patient-level data (2009-2011) from a novel emergency medical service computerized entry system for violent injury resulting in an ambulance dispatch among children aged 0 to 16 years. Assault location and patient residence location were cleaned and geocoded at a success rate of 98%. Distances from the assault location to both home and nearest school were calculated...
October 17, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752635/a-study-on-the-disaster-medical-response-during-the-mauna-ocean-resort-gymnasium-collapse
#17
Myeong-Il Cha, Gi Woon Kim, Chu Hyun Kim, Minhong Choa, Dai Hai Choi, Inbyung Kim, Soon Joo Wang, In Sool Yoo, Han Deok Yoon, Kang Hyun Lee, Suck Ju Cho, Tag Heo, Eun Seog Hong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate and document the disaster medical response during the Gyeongju Mauna Ocean Resort gymnasium collapse on February 17, 2014. METHODS: Official records of each institution were verified to select the study population. All the medical records and emergency medical service run sheets were reviewed by an emergency physician. Personal or telephonic interviews were conducted, without a separate questionnaire, if the institutions or agencies crucial to disaster response did not have official records or if information from different institutions was inconsistent...
September 2016: Clin Exp Emerg Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748215/do-neighbourhoods-in-vancouver-and-surrounding-areas-demonstrate-different-rates-of-bystander-cpr-and-survival-for-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#18
David Barbic, Brian Klinkenberg, Brian Grunau, Jim Christenson
OBJECTIVE: No prior work exists examining the relation between the geographic distribution of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in the city of Vancouver and surrounding areas that may exhibit a clustering of cases. The primary objective of this study was to describe the distribution of OHCA within the Vancouver Coastal Health region using a geographic information system (GIS) analysis and appropriate statistical analyses. METHODS: This study was a post-hoc GIS-based analysis of OHCA patients in the city of Vancouver and surrounding areas, using data collected by the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium between September 2007 and December 2011...
October 17, 2016: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740863/prevalence-of-driver-physical-factors-leading-to-unintentional-lane-departure-crashes
#19
Jessica B Cicchino, David S Zuby
OBJECTIVE: Some lane-keeping assist systems in development and production provide autonomous braking and steering to correct unintentional lane drift but otherwise require drivers to fully control their vehicles. The goal of this study was to quantify the proportion of drivers involved in unintentional lane drift crashes who would be unable to regain control of their vehicles to inform the design of such systems. METHODS: The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's National Motor Vehicle Crash Causation Survey collected in-depth, on-scene data for a nationally representative sample of 5,470 U...
October 14, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737641/dispatch-guideline-adherence-and-response-interval-a-study-of-emergency-medical-calls-in-norway
#20
Eirin N Ellensen, Torben Wisborg, Steinar Hunskaar, Erik Zakariassen
BACKGROUND: The Emergency Medical Communication Centre (EMCC) operators in Norway report using the Norwegian Index for Medical Emergency Assistance (Index), a criteria-based dispatch guideline, in about 75 % of medical emergency calls. The main purpose of a dispatch guideline is to assist the operator in securing a correct response as quickly as possible. The effect of using the guideline on EMCC response interval is as yet unknown. We wanted to ascertain an objective measure of guideline adherence, and explore a possible effect on emergency medical dispatch (EMD) response interval...
October 13, 2016: BMC Emergency Medicine
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