keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

urinary infection child

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887934/currarino-syndrome-in-a-fetus-infant-child-and-adolescent-spectrum%C3%A2-of-clinical-presentations-and-imaging-findings
#1
REVIEW
Pablo Caro-Domínguez, Juan Bass, Julie Hurteau-Miller
In 1981, Currarino et al described a triad of findings that consist of partial sacral dysgenesis, presacral mass (anterior meningocele, enteric cyst, or presacral teratoma) and anorectal malformation. Currarino syndrome exhibits variable expressivity and the clinical presentation tends to vary with the age of the subject such as spinal anomaly detected in the fetus, imperforate anus in the newborn, and intractable constipation or neurologic symptoms in the infant and older child. At any age, meningitis can be the presenting symptom and imaging is required for proper investigation...
November 22, 2016: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887911/does-perception-of-catheterization-limit-its-use-in-pediatric-uti
#2
Rachel E Selekman, Melissa T Sanford, Lauren N Ko, I Elaine Allen, Hillary L Copp
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) affect 3-8% of febrile children annually, but correctly diagnosing UTI in young children can present a challenge. Diagnosis requires a non-contaminated urine sample, which requires catheterization or suprapubic aspiration in infants and young children that have not completed toilet training. To improve adherence to these guidelines, it is critical to understand the barriers to urine testing and catheterization. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate parental perception of pediatric UTI evaluation to better understand factors that impede urine testing prior to treatment of suspected UTI...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876405/lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-children-and-adolescents-with-williams-beuren-syndrome
#3
Z M Sammour, J de Bessa, M Hisano, H Bruschini, C A Kim, M Srougi, C M Gomes
INTRODUCTION: Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) is a genetic condition caused by a microscopic deletion in the chromosome band 7q11.23. Individuals with WBS may present with congenital cardiovascular defects, neurodevelopmental disturbances and structural abnormalities of the urinary tract. Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) seem to be frequent in this population, but studies on this topic are scarce and based on small case series. OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and the acquisition of bladder control in a large population with WBS...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814750/development-of-rhabdomyolysis-in-a-child-after-norovirus-gastroenteritis
#4
Tomohiro Nishio, Ryoko Yonetani, Eisuke Ito, Makiko Yoneta, Yoshihiro Maruo, Tokiko Yoshida, Tohru Sugimoto
BACKGROUND: In children, the most significant cause of rhabdomyolysis or muscle breakdown is viral infection. However, there are no reports that norovirus, a gastroenteric virus that commonly infects children, specifically causes rhabdomyolysis. Here, we report the first pediatric case of norovirus-associated rhabdomyolysis. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient, a 2-year-old boy with fever, diarrhea, and vomiting, was referred to our hospital with dysstasia and transaminitis...
November 4, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748040/maternal-factors-and-the-risk-of-birth-defects-after-ivf-and-icsi-a-whole-of-population-cohort-study
#5
M J Davies, A R Rumbold, J L Marino, K Willson, L C Giles, M J Whitrow, W Scheil, L J Moran, J G Thompson, M Lane, V M Moore
OBJECTIVE: To assess the contribution of maternal factors to major birth defects after in vitro fertilisation (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), and natural conception. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study in South Australia for the period January 1986 to December 2002. SETTING: A whole of population study. POPULATION: A census of all IVF and ICSI linked to registries for births, pregnancy terminations, and birth defects (diagnosed before a child's fifth birthday)...
October 17, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703953/primary-nocturnal-enuresis-a-review
#6
Ersan Arda, Basri Cakiroglu, David T Thomas
CONTEXT: Nocturnal enuresis or bedwetting is the most common type of urinary incontinence in children. It has significant psychological effects on both the child and the family. Enuresis nocturna is defined as the inability to hold urine during the night in children who have completed toilet training. It is termed as being "primary" if no continence has ever been achieved or "secondary if it follows at least 6 months of dry nights. The aim of this review was to assemble the pathophysiological background and general information about nocturnal enuresis...
July 2016: Nephro-urology Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542552/innovation-in-robotics-and-pediatric-urology-robotic-ureteroureterostomy-for-duplex-systems-with-ureteral-ectopia
#7
Michael J Biles, Julia B Finkelstein, Mark V Silva, Sarah M Lambert, Pasquale Casale
INTRODUCTION: Robotic technology has been increasingly utilized for complicated reconstructive surgeries in pediatric urology, such as ureteroureterostomy (UU). The literature is limited regarding the performance of minimally invasive UU in children, and the existing published series utilize indwelling ureteral stents. We sought to report on our pediatric experience with robot-assisted laparoscopic (RAL)-UU using a temporary ureteral catheter in duplex systems with ureteral ectopia. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of all pediatric patients who underwent RAL-UU at a single institution over a 2-year period...
October 2016: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515752/the-quickwee-trial-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-gentle-suprapubic-cutaneous-stimulation-to-hasten-non-invasive-urine-collection-from-infants
#8
Jonathan Kaufman, Patrick Fitzpatrick, Shidan Tosif, Sandy M Hopper, Penelope A Bryant, Susan M Donath, Franz E Babl
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common in young children. Urine sample collection is required to diagnose or exclude UTI; however, current collection methods for pre-continent children all have limitations and guidelines vary. Clean catch urine (CCU) collection is a common and favoured non-invasive collection method, despite its high contamination rates and time-consuming nature. This study aims to establish whether gentle suprapubic cutaneous stimulation with cold fluid-soaked gauze can improve the rate of voiding for CCU within 5 min in young pre-continent children...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27475969/design-and-methodological-considerations-of-the-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-urologic-and-renal-protocol-for-the-newborn-and-young-child-with-spina-bifida
#9
Jonathan C Routh, Earl Y Cheng, J Christopher Austin, Michelle A Baum, Patricio C Gargollo, Richard W Grady, Adrienne R Herron, Steven S Kim, Shelly J King, Chester J Koh, Pangaja Paramsothy, Lisa Raman, Michael S Schechter, Kathryn A Smith, Stacy T Tanaka, Judy K Thibadeau, William O Walker, M Chad Wallis, John S Wiener, David B Joseph
PURPOSE: Care of children with spina bifida has significantly advanced in the last half century, resulting in gains in longevity and quality of life for affected children and caregivers. Bladder dysfunction is the norm in patients with spina bifida and may result in infection, renal scarring and chronic kidney disease. However, the optimal urological management for spina bifida related bladder dysfunction is unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2012 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention convened a working group composed of pediatric urologists, nephrologists, epidemiologists, methodologists, community advocates and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention personnel to develop a protocol to optimize urological care of children with spina bifida from the newborn period through age 5 years...
July 27, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455161/early-antibiotic-treatment-for-pediatric-febrile-urinary-tract-infection-and-renal-scarring
#10
Nader Shaikh, Tej K Mattoo, Ron Keren, Anastasia Ivanova, Gang Cui, Marva Moxey-Mims, Massoud Majd, Harvey A Ziessman, Alejandro Hoberman
IMPORTANCE: Existing data regarding the association between delayed initiation of antimicrobial therapy and the development of renal scarring are inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether delay in the initiation of antimicrobial therapy for febrile urinary tract infections (UTIs) is associated with the occurrence and severity of renal scarring. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective cohort study that combined data from 2 previously conducted longitudinal studies (the Randomized Intervention for Children With Vesicoureteral Reflux trial and the Careful Urinary Tract Infection Evaluation Study)...
September 1, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27421821/megacystis-microcolon-intestinal-hypoperistalsis-syndrome-case-series-and-updated-review-of-the-literature-with-an-emphasis-on-urologic-management
#11
REVIEW
Kevin M Wymer, Blake B Anderson, Ashley A Wilkens, Mohan S Gundeti
INTRODUCTION: Megacystis microcolon intestinal hypoperistalsis (MMIHS) is a rare disorder characterized by distended nonobstructed bladder, microcolon, and decreased intestinal peristalsis. MMIHS has a particularly poor prognosis; however, when appropriately managed, survival can be prolonged. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review (1996-2016) was performed with the key words "megacystis microcolon intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome." In addition, a case series of four patients is presented as well as algorithms for the diagnosis and treatment of MMIHS...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27416622/-renal-staghorn-calculi-in-small-children-presentation-of-two-cases
#12
Grażyna Krzemień, Agnieszka Szmigielska, Katarzyna Jankowska-Dziadak, Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska
Urolithiasis in children occurs with the incidence of 0.1-5%. Risk factors such as metabolic disorders, recurrent urinary tract infections and/or congenital abnormalities of urinary tract are detected in 75-85% of children with urolithiasis. Staghorn calculi is associated with delayed diagnosis and treatment of urinary tract infection caused by specific organisms, which produce the enzyme urease, promoting generation of ammonia and hydroxide from urea. We present two boys with staghorn calculi recognized in 8th and 31st month of age...
January 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401902/the-diagnosis-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-young-children-duty-a-diagnostic-prospective-observational-study-to-derive-and-validate-a-clinical-algorithm-for-the-diagnosis-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-children-presenting-to-primary-care-with-an-acute-illness
#13
Alastair D Hay, Kate Birnie, John Busby, Brendan Delaney, Harriet Downing, Jan Dudley, Stevo Durbaba, Margaret Fletcher, Kim Harman, William Hollingworth, Kerenza Hood, Robin Howe, Michael Lawton, Catherine Lisles, Paul Little, Alasdair MacGowan, Kathryn O'Brien, Timothy Pickles, Kate Rumsby, Jonathan Ac Sterne, Emma Thomas-Jones, Judith van der Voort, Cherry-Ann Waldron, Penny Whiting, Mandy Wootton, Christopher C Butler
BACKGROUND: It is not clear which young children presenting acutely unwell to primary care should be investigated for urinary tract infection (UTI) and whether or not dipstick testing should be used to inform antibiotic treatment. OBJECTIVES: To develop algorithms to accurately identify pre-school children in whom urine should be obtained; assess whether or not dipstick urinalysis provides additional diagnostic information; and model algorithm cost-effectiveness...
July 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401742/posterior-urethral-valves-are-neonatal-imaging-findings-predictive-of-renal-function-during-early-childhood
#14
Véronique Hochart, Annie Lahoche, René-Hilaire Priso, Véronique Houfflin-Debarge, Alfred Bassil, Dyuti Sharma, Hélène Behal, Freddy Efraim Avni
BACKGROUND: Obstructive renal dysplasia as observed on US is associated with posterior urethral valves and is regarded as predicting poor renal functional outcome. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether any characteristic of urinary tract imaging at birth is predictive of renal function in children with prenatally diagnosed posterior urethral valves. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed clinical data including renal function (at birth and up to 3 years of age) and clinical outcome (urinary infection, dialysis, renal transplantation)...
September 2016: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388196/case-report-xanthogranulomutous-pyelonephritis-presenting-as-wilms-tumor
#15
Shakilu Iumanne, Aika Shoo, Larry Akoko, Patricia Scanlan
BACKGROUND: Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is a rare renal tumor that arises as a complication of chronic obstructive pyelonephritis of uncertain etiology. It is primarily an adult tumor seen occasionally in children associated with urinary tract obstruction due to congenital urological anomalies, nephrolithiasis, and recurrent urinary tract infections. Radiologically, it may show neoplastic features such as those seen in common pediatric renal malignancies like wilms' tumor and renal cell carcinoma...
July 7, 2016: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378557/dimercaptosuccinic-acid-scan-or-ultrasound-in-screening-for-vesicoureteral-reflux-among-children-with-urinary-tract-infections
#16
REVIEW
Nader Shaikh, Russell B Spingarn, Stephanie W Hum
BACKGROUND: There is considerable interest in detecting vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) because its presence, especially when severe, has been linked to an increased risk of urinary tract infections and renal scarring. Voiding cystourethrography (VCUG), also known as micturating cystourethrography, is the gold standard for the diagnosis of VUR, and the grading of its severity. Because VCUG requires bladder catheterisation and exposes children to radiation, there has been a growing interest in other screening strategies that could identify at-risk children without the risks and discomfort associated with VCUG...
July 5, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350923/the-success-of-tubularized-incised-plate-urethroplasty-in-adults-and-children
#17
Haci Polat, Umut Gulacti, Alper Gok, Mehmet Ozgur Yucel, Ali Cift, Ugur Lok, Can Benlioglu
PURPOSE: Hypospadias repair is rarely performed in adults. It is believed that the success rate is lower in adulthood. We aimed to compare the success rate of primary hypospadias repair with tubularized-incised plate (TIP) urethroplasty in adults and children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The databases of consecutive boys and adults who were treated with TIP urethroplasty for primary hypospadias between 2012 and 2015 were evaluated. All operations in the boys and adult patients were performed by a single surgeon...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348347/management-of-urinary-tract-infections-in-children-in-an-era-of-increasing-antimicrobial-resistance
#18
Joan L Robinson, Nicole Le Saux
INTRODUCTION: Accurate diagnosis and appropriate use of antimicrobials for treatment and prevention of urinary tract infections (UTIs) is vital in an era of increasing antibiotic resistance. AREAS COVERED: The article reviews indications for and interpretation of urinalysis and urine culture results for diagnosis of UTI, choice of antibiotics for empiric and definitive UTI therapy, the rationale behind and indications for radiographic investigations, and prevention of UTIs including the complex decision as to whether antibiotic prophylaxis will benefit a child...
September 2016: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27328921/association-between-uropathogen-and-pyuria
#19
Nader Shaikh, Timothy R Shope, Alejandro Hoberman, Alyssa Vigliotti, Marcia Kurs-Lasky, Judith M Martin
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine factors associated with the absence of pyuria in symptomatic children whose urine culture was positive for a known uropathogen. METHODS: We obtained data on children evaluated at the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh emergency department between 2007 and 2013 with symptoms of urinary tract infection (UTI) who had paired urinalysis and urine cultures. We excluded children with an unknown or bag urine collection method, major genitourinary anomalies, immunocompromising conditions, or with multiple organisms on culture...
July 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322346/evaluation-and-management-of-febrile-children-a-review
#20
Leigh-Anne Cioffredi, Ravi Jhaveri
IMPORTANCE: Management of febrile children is an intrinsic aspect of pediatric practice. Febrile children account for 15% of emergency department visits and outcomes range from the presence of serious bacterial infection to benign self-limited illness. OBSERVATIONS: Studies from 1979 to 2015 examining febrile infants and children were included in this review. Management of febrile infants younger than 90 days has evolved considerably in the last 30 years. Increased rates of Escherichia coli urinary tract infections, increasing resistance to ampicillin, and advances in viral diagnostics have had an effect on the approach to caring for these patients...
August 1, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
102060
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"