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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331655/what-makes-it-so-difficult-for-nurses-to-coach-patients-in-shared-decision-making-a-process-evaluation
#1
Stephanie Anna Lenzen, Ramon Daniëls, Marloes Amantia van Bokhoven, Trudy van der Weijden, Anna Beurskens
BACKGROUND: Primary care nurses play a crucial role in coaching patients in shared decision making about goals and actions. This presents a challenge to practice nurses, who are frequently used to protocol-based working routines. Therefore, an approach was developed to support nurses to coach patients in shared decision making. OBJECTIVES: To investigate how the approach was implemented and experienced by practice nurses and patients. DESIGN: A process evaluation was conducted using quantitative and qualitative methods...
December 16, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330695/glucosuria-and-all-cause-mortality-among-general-screening-participants
#2
Kunitoshi Iseki, Tsuneo Konta, Koichi Asahi, Kunihiro Yamagata, Shouichi Fujimoto, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Ichiei Narita, Masato Kasahara, Yugo Shibagaki, Toshiki Moriyama, Masahide Kondo, Chiho Iseki, Tsuyoshi Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Dipstick urine tests are used for general health screening in Japan, but how the test results (e.g., glucosuria) relate to mortality is unknown. METHODS: Subjects participated in a nationwide screening in 2008 in six districts in Japan. We identified those who might have died using the national database of death certificates from 2008 to 2012 (total registered ~ 6 million) and verified candidates with the regional National Health Insurance Agency and public health nurses...
January 12, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321439/the-association-of-bite-instability-and-comorbidities-in-elderly-people
#3
Susumu Itakura, Masaaki Miyata, Atsushi Kuroda, Manabu Setoguchi, Atsushi Kusumoto, Daisuke Hokonohara, Mitsuru Ohishi
Objective The purpose was to evaluate the association between bite instability and comorbidities, comprehensive geriatric evaluations, or disabilities in elderly people. Methods A dentist examined the oral function, such as the bite stability, number of teeth, and the use of dentures, in 119 patients (93 women, mean age: 86.7±7.8) in 2 nursing homes for the elderly. The association between the oral function and the prevalence of diseases, including hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and dementia, was analyzed...
January 11, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319746/obesity-physical-activity-and-prediabetes-in-adult-children-of-people-with-diabetes
#4
Lidia G Compeán-Ortiz, Laura Elena Trujillo-Olivera, Ana María Valles-Medina, Eunice Reséndiz-González, Beatriz García-Solano, Beatriz Del Angel Pérez
OBJECTIVES: Determine prevalence of obesity / overweight, physical activity (PA) and prediabetes in adult children of parents with type 2 diabetes; identify differences according to sociodemographic variables, and describe the relationship of obesity/overweight with fasting glucose (FG) and glycosylated hemoglobin (A1C). METHODS: Cross-sectional study in 30 Mexican families with 53 participating adult children. Obesity / overweight was determined with Body Mass Index (BMI), Waist Circumference (WC) and body fat percentage (BFP); PA with the short International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), and prediabetes with FG...
January 8, 2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319415/recognizing-presymptomatic-type-1-diabetes-in-the-workplace
#5
Karla K Giese
Occupational health clinicians often collect and/or interpret annual wellness biometrics for workers. It is now known that type 1 diabetes can present in stages including presymptomatic/normal glucose, presymptomatic/impaired glucose, and symptomatic/hyperglycemia. A workplace wellness screening case illustrates the concepts, along with background pathophysiology, recommendations for new staging and first degree relative screening, and implications for occupational health nurses.
January 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318607/the-profile-of-diabetes-healthcare-professionals-in-indonesia-a-scoping-review
#6
REVIEW
T Ligita, K Wicking, N Harvey, J Mills
AIM: To explore and synthesize evidence of the literature about healthcare professionals involved in the provision of diabetes management within an Indonesian context. BACKGROUND: Indonesia is challenged to control the major burden of diabetes prevalence rate that requires a multidimensional approach with the aim to optimize existing health services by involving healthcare professionals who can promote access and provide diabetes management. METHODS: This literature review, which is integrated with a scoping study framework, used the electronic databases including CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science to locate papers particular to the Indonesian context...
January 10, 2018: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311173/a-longitudinal-study-of-interactions-between-health-professionals-and-people-with-newly-diagnosed-diabetes
#7
Anthony Dowell, Maria Stubbe, Lindsay Macdonald, Rachel Tester, Lesley Gray, Sue Vernall, Tim Kenealy, Nicolette Sheridan, Barbara Docherty, Devi-Ann Hall, Deborah Raphael, Kevin Dew
PURPOSE: We undertook a study to observe in detail the primary care interactions and communications of patients with newly diagnosed diabetes over time. In addition, we sought to identify key points in the process where miscommunication might occur. METHODS: All health interactions of 32 patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes were recorded and tracked as they moved through the New Zealand health care system for a period of approximately 6 months. Data included video recordings of patient interactions with the health professionals involved in their care (eg, general practitioners, nurses, dietitians)...
January 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305048/the-current-state-of-knowledge-perception-and-practice-in-diabetes-management-during-fasting-in-ramadan-by-healthcare-professionals
#8
Sueziani B Zainudin, Aslena B Hussain
AIMS: Obligatory Ramadan fasting is challenging in the management of Muslims with diabetes due to increased risk of complications from altered meals and activities. This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, perception and practice of healthcare professionals in diabetes management during fasting and the outcome of education on management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surveyed healthcare professionals enrolled in pre-Ramadan education involving an endocrinologist, diabetes specialized nurse and dietician...
December 28, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302534/exercise-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-facilitators-and-barriers-a-qualitative-study
#9
T S Advika, Jyothi Idiculla, S Jaya Kumari
Introduction: Diabetes is a major noncommunicable disease affecting more than 65 million Indians. Although treatment algorithms suggest lifestyle measures (diet and exercise) along with medications data regarding adherence to exercise as well as facilitators and barriers to the practice of physical activity in such patients are limited. Hence, this qualitative study was conducted. Objectives: The objective of this study is to describe the factors which (1) Facilitated and (2) hindered the practice of regular exercise in patients with Type 2 diabetes...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302057/diabetes-induces-the-activation-of-pro-ageing-mir-34a-in-the-heart-but-has-differential-effects-on-cardiomyocytes-and-cardiac-progenitor-cells
#10
Ingrid Fomison-Nurse, Eugene Eng Leng Saw, Sophie Gandhi, Pujika Emani Munasinghe, Isabelle Van Hout, Michael J A Williams, Ivor Galvin, Richard Bunton, Philip Davis, Vicky Cameron, Rajesh Katare
Increased apoptosis and premature cellular ageing of the diabetic heart underpin the development of diabetic heart disease. The molecular mechanisms underlying these pathologies are still unclear. Here we determined the role of pro-senescence microRNA (miR)-34a in accelerating the ageing of the diabetic heart. RT-PCR analysis showed a significant increase in the level of circulating miR-34a from early stages in asymptomatic type-2 diabetic individuals compared to non-diabetic controls. We also observed significant upregulation of miR-34a in the type-2 human diabetic heart suggesting circulating miR-34a may be cardiac in origin...
January 4, 2018: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301522/the-low-indexes-of-metabolism-intervention-trial-limit-design-and-baseline-data-of-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-to-evaluate-how-alerting-primary-care-teams-to-low-metabolic-values-could-affect-the-health-of-patients-aged-75-or-older
#11
Nir Tsabar, Yan Press, Johanna Rotman, Bracha Klein, Yonatan Grossman, Maya Vainshtein-Tal, Sophia Eilat-Tsanani
BACKGROUND: Too-low body mass index (BMI), HbA1c% or cholesterol levels predicts poor survival. This study investigates whether e-mails about these low values, improve health of people older than 75 years. METHODS: LIMIT - an open label randomized trial - compares usual care to the addition of an e-mail which alerts the family physicians and nurses to low metabolic indexes of a specific patient and advises on nutritional and medical changes. PARTICIPANTS: Clalit Health Services (CHS) patients in the Northern and Southern Districts, aged ≥75 years with any of the following inclusion criteria: a...
January 5, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289540/a-randomized-controlled-study-comparing-a-dpp4-inhibitor-linagliptin-and-basal-insulin-glargine-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-long-term-care-and-skilled-nursing-facilities-linagliptin-ltc-trial
#12
Guillermo E Umpierrez, Saumeth Cardona, David Chachkhiani, Maya Fayfman, Sahebi Saiyed, Heqiong Wang, Priyathama Vellanki, J Sonya Haw, Darin E Olson, Francisco J Pasquel, Theodore M Johnson
OBJECTIVES: Safe and easily implemented treatment regimens are needed for the management of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in long-term care (LTC) and skilled nursing facilities. DESIGN: This 6-month open-label randomized controlled trial compared the efficacy and safety of a DPP4 inhibitor (linagliptin) and basal insulin (glargine) in LTC residents with T2DM. SETTINGS: Three LTC institutions affiliated with a community safety-net hospital, US Department of Veterans Affairs and Emory Healthcare System in Atlanta, Georgia...
December 27, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288173/population-level-impact-of-diabetes-integrated-care-on-commissioner-payments-for-inpatient-care-among-people-with-type-2-diabetes-in-cambridgeshire-a-postintervention-cohort-follow-up-study
#13
Dahai Yu, Wei Yang, Yamei Cai, Zhanzheng Zhao, David Simmons
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have estimated the effect of diabetes integrated care at a population level. We have assessed the impact of introducing a community service-led diabetes integrated care programme on commissioner payments (tariff) for inpatient care in rural England. METHODS: The Diabetes Integrated Care Initiative was delivered by a separate enhanced community diabetes service, increasing specialist nursing, dietetic, podiatry and medical support to primary care and patients, while linking into other diabetes specialist services...
December 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287894/-monitoring-of-hypertension-in-patients-orally-treated-by-angiogenesis-inhibitor-in-daily-practice
#14
Lisa Belaid, Sahar Bayat-Makoei, Brigitte Laguerre, Cécile Vigneau
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to measure the monitoring and the incidence of renovascular effects of angiogenesis inhibitors in real population. METHOD: Are included in this descriptive, monocentric, practical study, patients of 18 years old and more, orally treated by angiogenesis inhibitors and monitored in consultation by clinician nurses. The main interest variable is the incidence of hypertension at three months of treatment. RESULTS: From January, 2011 to July, 2014, 324 patients have been included, whose 53% are men...
December 26, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287842/high-prevalence-of-obesity-among-nursing-personnel-working-in-tertiary-care-hospital
#15
M Aslam, A A Siddiqui, G Sandeep, S V Madhu
AIM: To find out the prevalence of obesity and glucose intolerance among nurses working in tertiary care hospital. METHODS: Study was conducted in 496 apparently healthy females comprising two groups. Group B had 290 nurses and control group A had 206 age matched female subjects of general population. Detailed performa was filled which included anthropometry, systemic examination and other details. Fasting plasma glucose was done followed by oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)...
December 22, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285800/translation-and-validation-of-the-canadian-diabetes-risk-assessment-questionnaire-in-china
#16
Jia Guo, Zhengkun Shi, Jyu-Lin Chen, Jane K Dixon, James Wiley, Monica Parry
OBJECTIVES: To adapt the Canadian Diabetes Risk Assessment Questionnaire for the Chinese population and to evaluate its psychometric properties. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a convenience sample of 194 individuals aged 35-74 years from October 2014 to April 2015. METHODS: The Canadian Diabetes Risk Assessment Questionnaire was adapted and translated for the Chinese population. Test-retest reliability was conducted to measure stability...
December 29, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284562/optimizing-glycemic-control-in-adults-with-type-1-or-type-2-diabetes-attending-a-multidisciplinary-foot-clinic
#17
Devin Betsch, Zhiwei Gao, Gerry Mugford, Susan McGrath-Terry, Gordon Dow
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of a diabetes nurse educator (DNE) on glycemic control in a multidisciplinary diabetes foot (MDF) clinic. METHODS: A prospective cohort trial to measure the impact of a DNE on glycemic control was conducted in an MDF clinic. Change in glycated hemoglobin (A1C) levels over time was measured against the percentage of patient visits (PPVs) accompanied by a glucose meter and/or diary. RESULTS: Increasing PPVs were significantly associated with decline in A1C levels in females...
December 25, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284354/factors-associated-with-medication-engagement-among-older-adults-with-diabetes-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Yoon Jeong Choi, Arlene M Smaldone
Purpose The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to explore the factors associated with medication engagement among older adults (≥60 years) with diabetes. Methods Five databases (PubMed, Embase, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, PsycINFO, and Scopus) were systematically searched to identify studies examining the association between factors and medication engagement among older diabetes patients. A study met inclusion for meta-analysis if the prevalence of medication engagement or factor was reported in ≥2 studies and the frequency or strength of association was either reported or able to be computed...
December 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284341/cerebral-perfusion-monitoring-in-adult-patients-following-cardiac-surgery-an-observational-study
#19
Tammy Slater, Julie Stanik-Hutt, Patricia Davidson
BACKGROUND: Strokes following adult cardiac surgery contribute to burdensome neurocognitive complications, which are often difficult to detect during the perioperative period. Fluctuations in regional cerebral perfusion and co-morbid conditions, such as hypertension, diabetes, prior stroke, symptomatic carotid stenosis, aortic atherosclerotic disease, and peripheral vascular disease are associated with perioperative strokes. Approaches to achieve optimal cerebral perfusion remain elusive and traditional strategies for perioperative monitoring are not always sufficiently sensitive to detect acute changes in cerebral perfusion...
December 28, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282900/barriers-to-effective-case-management-for-disabled-patients-on-hemodialysis
#20
Hidehiro Sugisawa, Yumiko Shimizu, Tamaki Kumagai, Hiroaki Sugisaki, Seiji Ohira, Toshio Shinoda
The present study examined the performance level and its related factors on the process of case management for disabled patients on hemodialysis. Case management performance was evaluated at three stages: patient assessment, making a care plan, and monitoring/evaluation. Candidates for targeting the factors relating to performance included four dimensions: nursing care level, physical malfunction, cognitive malfunction, and barriers to service were used as patient factors; the period of case management for the patient and the knowledge of dialysis emerged as case manager factors; work load was included as an organizational factor; and community resources for these services and communication with surrounding persons were included as system factors...
December 28, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
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