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Caffeine receptor

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036553/two-track-control-of-cellular-machinery-for-photomovement-in-spirogyra-varians-streptophyta-zygnematales
#1
Ji Woong Lee, Gwang Hoon Kim
Plants and freshwater algae devoid of flagella evolved various photomovements to optimize their photosynthetic efficiency. The filaments of Spirogyra varians exhibit complex swaying and undulating movement and form a compact mat which enables them to adjust their light exposure. Photomovement of filament fragments (1-10 cells) was analyzed using various photoreceptor and cytoskeleton inhibitors under monochromatic light. Different patterns of movement were observed under red and blue light. The filaments showed positive phototropism under blue light...
September 27, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993880/effects-of-prenatal-caffeine-exposure-on-glucose-homeostasis-of-adult-offspring-rats
#2
Hao Kou, Gui-Hua Wang, Lin-Guo Pei, Li Zhang, Chai Shi, Yu Guo, Dong-Fang Wu, Hui Wang
Epidemiological evidences show that prenatal caffeine exposure (PCE) could induce intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). The IUGR offspring also present glucose intolerance and type 2 diabetes mellitus after maturity. We have previously demonstrated that PCE induced IUGR and increased susceptibility to adult metabolic syndrome in rats. This study aimed to further investigate the effects of PCE on glucose homeostasis in adult offspring rats. Pregnant rats were administered caffeine (120 mg/kg/day, intragastrically) from gestational days 11 to 20...
October 9, 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990513/protective-effects-of-the-caffeine-against-neurodegenerative-diseases
#3
Ester Tellone, Antonio Galtieri, Annamaria Russo, Silvana Ficarra
Caffeine is one of the most consumed stimulant of the central nervous system. Similar to those of other stimulants, its effects are to improve brain activity and stimulate cognition learning and memory. Caffeine affects the brain by acting mainly as a non-selective blocker of the adenosine receptors (A1, A2A, A2B, and A3). The purpose of this review article is to provide an overview on the neurobiochemical impact of caffeine, focusing on the ability of the drug to effectively counteract several neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, Huntington's diseases, Multiple sclerosis and Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and Epilepsy...
October 9, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981089/treatment-with-a2a-receptor-antagonist-kw6002-and-caffeine-intake-regulate-microglia-reactivity-and-protect-retina-against-transient-ischemic-damage
#4
Raquel Boia, Filipe Elvas, Maria H Madeira, Inês D Aires, Ana C Rodrigues-Neves, Pedro Tralhão, Eszter C Szabó, Younis Baqi, Christa E Müller, Ângelo R Tomé, Rodrigo A Cunha, António F Ambrósio, Ana R Santiago
Transient retinal ischemia is a major complication of retinal degenerative diseases and contributes to visual impairment and blindness. Evidences indicate that microglia-mediated neuroinflammation has a key role in the neurodegenerative process, prompting the hypothesis that the control of microglia reactivity may afford neuroprotection to the retina against the damage induced by ischemia-reperfusion (I-R). The available therapeutic strategies for retinal degenerative diseases have limited potential, but the blockade of adenosine A2A receptor (A2AR) emerges as candidate strategy...
October 5, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978989/adenosine-a2a-receptor-mediates-hypnotic-effects-of-ethanol-in-mice
#5
Teng Fang, Hui Dong, Xin-Hong Xu, Xiang-Shan Yuan, Ze-Ka Chen, Jiang-Fan Chen, Wei-Min Qu, Zhi-Li Huang
Ethanol has extensive effects on sleep and daytime alertness, causing premature disability and death. Adenosine, as a potent sleep-promoting substance, is involved in many cellular and behavioral responses to ethanol. However, the mechanisms of hypnotic effects of ethanol remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of adenosine in ethanol-induced sleep using C57BL/6Slac mice, adenosine A2A receptor (A2AR) knockout mice, and their wild-type littermates. The results showed that intraperitoneal injection of ethanol (3...
October 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943320/purinergic-and-adenosine-receptors-contribute-to-hypoxic-hyperventilation-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio
#6
Alisha J Coe, Alexina J Picard, Michael G Jonz
The chemoreceptors involved in oxygen sensing in teleost fish are neuroepithelial cells (NECs) in the gills, and are analogous to glomus cells in the mammalian carotid body. Purinergic signalling mechanisms involving the neurotransmitters, ATP and adenosine, have been identified in mediating hypoxic signalling in the carotid body, but these pathways are not well understood in the fish gill. The present study used a behavioural assay to screen for the effects of drugs, that target purinergic and adenosine receptors, on the hyperventilatory response to hypoxia in larval zebrafish (Danio rerio) in order to determine if the receptors on which these drugs act may be involved in hypoxic signalling...
September 21, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934532/preemptive-caffeine-administration-blocks-the-increase-in-postoperative-pain-caused-by-previous-sleep-loss-in-the-rat-a-potential-role-for-preoptic-adenosine-a2a-receptors-in-sleep-pain-interactions
#7
Viviane S Hambrecht-Wiedbusch, Maya Gabel, Linda J Liu, John P Imperial, Angelo V Colmenero, Giancarlo Vanini
Sleep and pain are reciprocally related, but the precise mechanisms underlying this relationship are poorly understood. This study used a rat model of surgical pain to examine the effect of previous sleep loss on postoperative pain and tested the hypothesis that preoptic adenosinergic mechanisms regulate sleep-pain interactions. Relative to ad libitum sleep, 6 hours of total sleep deprivation prior to a surgical incision significantly enhanced postoperative mechanical hypersensitivity in the affected paw and prolonged the time to recovery from surgery...
September 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895043/effects-of-long-term-caffeine-consumption-on-the-adenosine-a1-receptor-in-the-rat-brain-an-in-vivo-pet-study-with-18-f-cpfpx
#8
Danje Nabbi-Schroeter, David Elmenhorst, Angela Oskamp, Stefanie Laskowski, Andreas Bauer, Tina Kroll
PURPOSE: Caffeine, a nonselective antagonist of adenosine receptors, is the most popular psychostimulant worldwide. Recently, a protective role of moderate chronic caffeine consumption against neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease has been discussed. Thus, aim of the present study was an in vivo investigation of effects of long-term caffeine consumption on the adenosine A1 receptor (A1AR) in the rat brain. PROCEDURES: Sixteen adult, male rats underwent five positron emission tomography (PET) scans with the highly selective A1AR radioligand [(18)F]CPFPX in order to determine A1AR availability...
September 11, 2017: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893553/caffeine-has-no-effect-on-eyeblink-conditioning-in-mice
#9
Anders Rasmussen, Anna C H G Ijpelaar, Chris I De Zeeuw, Henk-Jan Boele
Caffeine is one of the most widely used drugs in the world. In the brain, caffeine acts as an antagonist for the adenosine A1 and A2B receptors. Since A1 receptors are highly concentrated in the cortex of the cerebellum, we hypothesized that caffeine could potentially affect learning tasks that require the cerebellar cortex, such as eyeblink conditioning. To test this hypothesis, we examined the effect of low (5mg/kg) and high (50mg/kg) doses of caffeine, injected intraperitoneally before training, on eyeblink conditioning in mice...
January 30, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888448/effect-of-explosion-puffed-coffee-on-locomotor-activity-and-behavioral-patterns-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#10
Bong Soo Ko, So Hyun Ahn, Dong Ouk Noh, Ki-Bae Hong, Sung Hee Han, Hyung Joo Suh
We hypothesized that the administration of explosion-puffed coffee, containing γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP), would be associated with a reduction of the caffeine effect on sleep behavior and behavioral patterns, which was investigated in a Drosophila model. The effects of feeding roasted coffee beans (RB), explosion-puffed coffee beans puffed at 0.75MPa and 0.9MPa (PB 7.5 and PB 9.0, respectively), or decaffeinated coffee beans (DeRB) on locomotor activity and behavioral patterns of Drosophila was analyzed...
October 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864241/theacrine-a-purine-alkaloid-from-camellia-assamica-var-kucha-with-a-hypnotic-property-via-the-adenosine-system
#11
Haoyi Qiao, Xiansheng Ye, Xiaoyu Bai, Jun He, Tingli Li, Jia Zhang, Weiku Zhang, Jiekun Xu
Theacrine (l,3,7,9-tetramethyluric acid), a purine alkaloid from Camellia assamica var. kucha, has diverse pharmacological properties, including sedative and hypnotic activities, anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities, antidepressant effects, and a protective effect against stress-provoked liver damage. The present study aims to investigate the possible mechanism of the hypnotic activity of theacrine. The results revealed that theacrine significantly enhanced pentobarbital-induced sleep at a dose of 3.0mg/kg (i...
October 17, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836403/caffeine-augments-the-instruction-of-anti-inflammatory-macrophages-by-the-conditioned-medium-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#12
Nazanin Shushtari, Seyyed Meysam Abtahi Froushani
OBJECTIVES: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been shown to produce adenosine, express adenosine receptors, and communicate with macrophages and other cells. However, there is no information about the role of caffeine, as a popular drink and adenosine antagonist, on the crosstalk between MSCs and immune cells. The aim of the current study is to evaluate the effects of the conditioned medium of MSCs treated with caffeine on macrophages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, MSCs were isolated from bone marrow of rats and pulsed with different concentrations of caffeine (0, 0...
October 2017: Cell Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833098/caffeine-may-reduce-perceived-sweet-taste-in-humans-supporting-evidence-that-adenosine-receptors-modulate-taste
#13
Ezen Choo, Benjamin Picket, Robin Dando
Multiple recent reports have detailed the presence of adenosine receptors in sweet sensitive taste cells of mice. These receptors are activated by endogenous adenosine in the plasma to enhance sweet signals within the taste bud, before reporting to the primary afferent. As we commonly consume caffeine, a powerful antagonist for such receptors, in our daily lives, an intriguing question we sought to answer was whether the caffeine we habitually consume in coffee can inhibit the perception of sweet taste in humans...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811937/association-between-salivary-leptin-levels-and-taste-perception-in-children
#14
Lénia Rodrigues, Rosa Espanca, Ana Rodrigues Costa, Célia Miguel Antunes, Clarinda Pomar, Fernando Capela-Silva, Cristina Conceição Pinheiro, Francisco Amado, Elsa Lamy
The satiety inducing hormone leptin acts not only at central nervous system but also at peripheral level. Leptin receptors are found in several sense related organs, including the mouth. A role of leptin in sweet taste response has been suggested but, until now, studies have been based on in vitro experiments, or in assessing the levels of the hormone in circulation. The present study investigated whether the levels of leptin in saliva are related to taste perception in children and whether Body Mass Index (BMI) affects such relationship...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808886/assessment-of-pharmacokinetic-interactions-between-obeticholic-acid-and-caffeine-midazolam-warfarin-dextromethorphan-omeprazole-rosuvastatin-and-digoxin-in-phase-1-studies-in-healthy-subjects
#15
Jeffrey E Edwards, Lise Eliot, Andrew Parkinson, Sharon Karan, Leigh MacConell
INTRODUCTION: Obeticholic acid (OCA), a potent and selective farnesoid X receptor agonist, is indicated for the treatment of primary biliary cholangitis (PBC). We investigated the potential drug-drug interaction effect of OCA on metabolic CYP450 enzymes and drug transporters. METHODS: Five phase 1 single-center, open-label, fixed-sequence, inpatient studies were conducted in healthy adult subjects to evaluate the effect of oral daily doses of 10 or 25 mg OCA on single-dose plasma pharmacokinetics of specific probe substrates for enzymes CYP1A2 (caffeine, R-warfarin), CYP3A (midazolam, R-warfarin), CYP2C9 (S-warfarin), CYP2D6 (dextromethorphan), CYP2C19 (omeprazole), and drug transporters, BCRP/OATP1B1/OATP1B3 (rosuvastatin), and P-gp (digoxin)...
August 14, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801176/caffeine-use-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#16
REVIEW
Jalal M Abu-Shaweesh, Richard J Martin
Caffeine is the most frequently used medication in the neonatal intensive care unit. It is used for the prevention and treatment of apnea, although this has been associated with lower incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and patent ductus arteriosus as well as intact survival at 18-21 months of life. Although neurodevelopmental advantage was no longer statistically significant at age 5 years, caffeine was associated with sustained improvement in co-ordination and less gross motor impairment than placebo...
October 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738701/association-of-the-bitter-taste-receptor-gene-tas2r38-polymorphism-rs713598-with-sensory-responsiveness-food-preferences-biochemical-parameters-and-body-composition-markers-a-cross-sectional-study-in-italy
#17
Simone Perna, Antonella Riva, Giada Nicosanti, Maura Carrai, Roberto Barale, Beatrice Vigo, Pietro Allegrini, Mariangela Rondanelli
This study examined the relationship between TAS2R38 gene polymorphism (RS713598), G/G, C/G or C/C genotype, and sensory responsiveness, food preferences, biochemical parameters and body composition in a cross-sectional study in 118 adults (24 men and 94 women). The frequencies of C/C, G/G and C/G were respectively 20.3%, 29.7% and 50.0%. As regards taste responsiveness, subjects with G-allele had a higher perception threshold than the C/C genotype for 6-n-propyl-2-thiouracil (PROP) (p < .05), and caffeine (p < ...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736243/from-insulin-synthesis-to-secretion-alternative-splicing-of-type-2-ryanodine-receptor-gene-is-essential-for-insulin-secretion-in-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cells
#18
REVIEW
Hiroshi Okamoto, Shin Takasawa, Yasuhiko Yamamoto
Increases in the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration in pancreatic islets, resulting from the Ca(2+) mobilization from the intracellular source through the ryanodine receptor, are essential for insulin secretion by glucose. Cyclic ADP-ribose, a potent Ca(2+) mobilizing second messenger synthesized from NAD(+) by CD38, regulates the opening of ryanodine receptor. A novel ryanodine receptor mRNA (the islet-type ryanodine receptor) was found to be generated from the type 2 ryanodine receptor gene by the alternative splicing of exons 4 and 75...
October 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734904/identifying-novel-members-of-the-wntless-interactome-through-genetic-and-candidate-gene-approaches
#19
Jessica Petko, Trevor Tranchina, Goral Patel, Robert Levenson, Stephanie Justice-Bitner
Wnt signaling is an important pathway that regulates several aspects of embryogenesis, stem cell maintenance, and neural connectivity. We have recently determined that opioids decrease Wnt secretion, presumably by inhibiting the recycling of the Wnt trafficking protein Wntless (Wls). This effect appears to be mediated by protein-protein interaction between Wls and the mu-opioid receptor (MOR), the primary cellular target of opioid drugs. The goal of this study was to identify novel protein interactors of Wls that are expressed in the brain and may also play a role in reward or addiction...
July 20, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731505/calcium-calmodulin-dependent-kinase-2-mediates-epac-induced-spontaneous-transient-outward-currents-in-rat-vascular-smooth-muscle
#20
Edward S A Humphries, Tomoko Kamishima, John M Quayle, Caroline Dart
KEY POINTS: The Ca(2+) and redox-sensing enzyme Ca(2+) /calmodulin-dependent kinase 2 (CaMKII) is a crucial and well-established signalling molecule in the heart and brain. In vascular smooth muscle, which controls blood flow by contracting and relaxing in response to complex Ca(2+) signals and oxidative stress, surprisingly little is known about the role of CaMKII. The vasodilator-induced second messenger cAMP can relax vascular smooth muscle via its effector, exchange protein directly activated by cAMP (Epac), by activating spontaneous transient outward currents (STOCs) that hyperpolarize the cell membrane and reduce voltage-dependent Ca(2+) influx...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Physiology
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