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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717323/epidemiological-study-of-tick-infestation-in-buffalo-of-various-regions-of-district-khairpur-pakistan
#1
Farzana Abbasi, Imtiaz Hussain Raja Abbasi, Tahmeena Fakhur Nissa, Zohaib Ahmed Bhutto, Muhammed Asif Arain, Rab Nawaz Soomro, Farman Ali Siyal, Sarfraz Ali Fazlani
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological infestation and identification of Ixodidae and Argasidae ticks species in buffalo of different parts of district Khairpur, Pakistan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 720 Water buffaloes from three tehsils (subdivisions) were selected randomly and examined from organized and unorganized dairy farms for tick infestation in district Khairpur, Pakistan. This epidemiological survey was conducted during April to September 2015...
June 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714634/-pectus-excavatumn-and-carinatum-in-children-and-adolescents-what-to-say-what-to-do
#2
Pierre Lascombes, Isabelle Ruchonnet-Métrailler, Maurice Beghetti, Armand Bottani, James Wilde
In children presenting with a pectus excavatum (PE) or pectus carinatum (PC) an underlying syndrome including Marfan's syndrome needs to be excluded. In adolescents, severe chest wall deformities may cause cardiac or respiratory problems but most commonly they have a psychological impact. The conservative treatment is a Vacuum Bell for PE, and a Dynamic Compression System for PC ; they play an increasing role in young patients. These devices need to be worn multiple hours per day for several months for an optimal result...
February 15, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710265/francisella-like-endosymbionts-and-rickettsia-species-in-local-and-imported-hyalomma-ticks
#3
Tal Azagi, Eyal Klement, Gidon Perlman, Yaniv Lustig, Kosta Y Mumcuoglu, Dmitry Apanaskevich, Yuval Gottlieb
Hyalomma ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) are hosts for Francisella like endosymbionts (FLE) and may serve as vectors of zoonotic disease agents. This study was aimed to provide initial characterization of the interaction between Hyalomma and FLE and to determine the prevalence of pathogenic Rickettsia in these ticks. Hyalomma marginatum, H. rufipes, H. dromedarii, H. aegyptium and H. excavatum ticks, identified morphologically and molecularly, were collected from different hosts and locations, representing the genus distribution in Israel, as well as from migratory birds...
July 14, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695668/a-nitrile-glucoside-and-biflavones-from-the-leaves-of-campylospermum-excavatum-ochnaceae
#4
Gaétan Bayiha Ba Njock, Raphaël Grougnet, Antonia Efstathiou, Despina Smirlis, Grégory Genta-Jouve, Sylvie Michel, Joséphine Ngo Mbing, Marina Kritsanida
The study of the MeOH extract of the leaves of Campylospermum excavatum led to the isolation of a nitrile glucoside, named campyloside C (1) and an original derivative of ochnaflavone, 7-O-methylochnaflavone (2) along with three known biflavonoids, amentoflavone, sequoiaflavone, and sotetsuflavone (3-5). The linkage site of the sub-units of 2 was confirmed by chemical correlation, after semi-synthesis of a trimethoxylated derivative of ochnaflavone (2a). The structure of these compounds as well as their relative and absolute configurations were assigned by 1D and 2D NMR experiments, HRESIMS and Electronic Circular Dichroism (ECD) calculations...
July 11, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693911/-technique-of-complex-mammary-irradiation-mono-isocentric-3d-conformational-radiotherapy-and-helical-tomotherapy
#5
B Vandendorpe, P Guilbert, C Champagne, T Antoni, T D Nguyen, N Gaillot-Petit, S Servagi Vernat
PURPOSE: To evaluate the dosimetric contribution of helical tomotherapy for breast cancers compared with conformal radiotherapy in mono-isocentric technique. PATIENTS AND METHOD: For 23 patients, the dosimetric results in mono-isocentric 3D conformational radiotherapy did not satisfy the constraints either of target volumes nor organs at risk. A prospective dosimetric comparison between mono-isocentric 3D conformational radiotherapy and helical tomotherapy was therefore carried out...
July 7, 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690798/differential-impacts-of-shared-parasites-on-fitness-components-among-competing-hosts
#6
Olwyn C Friesen, Robert Poulin, Clément Lagrue
Effects of parasites on individual hosts can eventually translate to impacts on host communities. In particular, parasitism can differentially affect host fitness among sympatric and interacting host species. We examined whether the impact of shared parasites varied among host species within the same community. Specifically, we looked at the impacts of the acanthocephalan Acanthocephalus galaxii, the trematodes Coitocaecum parvum and Maritrema poulini, and the nematode Hedruris spinigera, on three host species: the amphipods, Paracalliope fluviatilis and Paracorophium excavatum, and the isopod, Austridotea annectens...
July 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662867/thoracic-outlet-syndrome-after-the-nuss-procedure-for-pectus-excavatum-is-it-a-rare-complication
#7
Tomohisa Nagasao, Tadaaki Morotomi, Motone Kuriyama, Tetsukuni Kogure, Hirro Kudo, Yusuke Hamamoto, Motoki Tamai
OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to elucidate the frequency of thoracic outlet syndrome after the Nuss procedure for pectus excavatum and the conditions in which thoracic outlet syndrome is likely to develop. METHODS: A retrospective study including 85 pectus excavatum patients (58 males and 27 females) was conducted. Thoracic outlet syndrome was defined as a condition in which the patient has numbness, lassitude, or pain of the upper limbs at rest or during motion of the upper limbs...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652678/pectus-excavatum-right-ventricular-compromise-with-orthostatic-syndrome-and-brugada-phenocopy
#8
Eftychios Siniorakis, Spyridon Arvanitakis, Panagiotis Tzevelekos, Stamatia Panta, Apostolos Balanis, Fotini Aivalioti, Sotiria Limberi
Pectus excavatum (PEXT) consists of an overgrowth of the chondral region with posterior displacement of the inferior part of the sternum, resulting in a concave chest deformity. Characteristic clinical and imaging findings may occur, depending on the compression that right cardiac chambers suffer, when squeezed between the sternum and the column vertebrae.
July 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629812/benthic-foraminifera-for-heavy-metal-pollution-monitoring-a-case-study-from-burullus-lagoon-of-egypt
#9
O H Orabi, A A El-Badry, A M Badr-ElDin
Sources of heavy metals pollution in the Burullus Lagoon include phosphate fertilizers, sewage and oil spills from fishing boats. The benthic species identified in this lagoon are Adelosina carinata striata (Wiesner), Quinqueloculina bosciana (d'Orbigny), Quinqueloculina seminulum (Linnaeus), Ammonia tepida (Cushman), Elphidium excavatum (Terquem). A. tepida is the most dominant species in the lagoon. It constitutes more than 97% of the total benthic foraminiferal assemblages reflecting tolerance to the very low salinity in the Burullus Lagoon...
June 16, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626162/intervention-of-the-nuss-procedure-on-the-mental-health-of-pectus-excavatum-patients
#10
Li Luo, Bo Xu, Xinling Wang, Bo Tan, Jing Zhao
Pectus excavatum (PE) is the most common congenital chest wall deformity, but little is known about the influence of the Nuss surgical procedure on mental health of patients with PE. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the influence of the PE Nuss surgical procedure on mental health in Chinese patients and identify the predictors of psychological status for PE. Patients with PE (n = 266) underwent a standard surgical procedure by the same surgeon and did the Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) and the Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) questionnaires before and 1 year after surgery...
June 16, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624480/evaluation-of-thoracic-vertebrae-rotation-in-patients-with-pectus-excavatum
#11
Ryszard Tomaszewski, Łukasz Wiktor, Ludwina Machała
PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to evaluate thoracic vertebrae rotation in patients with pectus excavatum. Moreover, we wanted to assess the prevalence, the severity and relationship between pectus excavatum and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). METHODS: We performed retrospective analysis of 82 preoperative chest CT in children with pectus excavatum performed between January 2008 and December 2011. For each patient Haller Index and Cobb angle was measured...
June 14, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618768/psychosocial-functioning-in-pediatric-patients-with-pectus-excavatum-and-pectus-carinatum
#12
Aliye Tuğba Bahadir, Pınar Kuru Bektaşoğlu, Aylin Çakiroğlu Eser, Ceyda Afacan, Mustafa Yüksel
BACKGROUND/AIM: Pectus excavatum and pectus carinatum are the most commonly seen anterior chest wall deformities. Recent studies reveal that minimal invasive repair of pectus deformities improves the quality of life. Our aim is to assess the psychosocial functioning and sociodemographic characteristics of pediatric patients with pectus deformities and evaluate the differences between patients operated on with minimal invasive repair techniques and nonoperated patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Thirty-two patients with pectus deformities who were operated on 6 months or more before and 31 nonoperated patients participated in the study...
June 12, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616300/late-cardiac-tamponade-following-nuss-procedure-for-pectus-excavatum
#13
Jong-Hyun Baek, Young-Uk Lee, Tae-Eun Jung, Dong-Hyup Lee, Jung-Cheul Lee
The Nuss procedure is a recently developed technique for correction of pectus excavatum. A 23-year-old female patient presented at our emergency department with clinical signs of cardiac tamponade, which required an emergency procedure. Sixteen months ago, she underwent the Nuss procedure with a single bar. Her preoperative Haller index was 5. We report on a case of delayed recurrent cardiac tamponade that occurred 16 and 18 months after the patient underwent the Nuss procedure; in this case, we treated the patient with pericardiocentesis the first time and performed pericardial window creation with bar removal the second time...
May 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615652/development-of-a-computer-aided-design-and-finite-element-analysis-combined-method-for-customized-nuss-bar-in-pectus-excavatum-surgery
#14
Longhan Xie, Siqi Cai, Liang Xie, Gang Chen, Haiyu Zhou
Pectus excavatum (PEX) is the most common chest deformity in children, which is usually corrected by using the minimally invasive Nuss method. The orthopedic effect of the Nuss operation is mainly evaluated by both the Haller index and the appearance of the chest wall configuration, which is dependent on the operator's clinical experience to a great extent. To improve the orthopedic effect, we proposed a novel method to individually design and optimize the shape of the Nuss bar and to advise its location as well as the incisions...
June 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606386/comparison-of-the-nuss-versus-ravitch-procedure-for-pectus-excavatum-repair-an-updated-meta-analysis
#15
Yong Zhong Mao, ShaoTao Tang, Shuai Li
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To evaluate surgical outcomes of Nuss versus Ravitch repair of pectus excavatum via a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Medline, PubMed, Cochrane, EMBASE, and Google Scholar databases were searched up to September 5, 2016 using the following search terms: pectus excavatum, funnel chest, Nuss; Ravitch, minimally invasive, and open surgery. Randomized controlled trials, two-arm prospective, and two-arm retrospective studies were eligible for inclusion...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603946/benthic-foraminifera-contribution-to-fjord-modern-carbon-pools-a-seasonal-study-in-adventfjorden-spitsbergen
#16
J Pawłowska, M Łącka, M Kucharska, N Szymańska, K Koziorowska, K Kuliński, M Zajączkowski
The aim of this study was to determine the amount of organic and inorganic carbon in foraminifera specimens and to provide quantitative data on the contribution of foraminifera to the sedimentary carbon pool in Adventfjorden. The investigation was based on three calcareous species that occur commonly in Svalbard fjords: Cassidulina reniforme, Elphidium excavatum and Nonionellina labradorica. Our results show that the species investigated did not contribute substantially to the organic carbon pool in Adventfjorden, because they represented only 0...
June 12, 2017: Geobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602524/monitoring-the-effectiveness-of-the-vacuum-bell-during-pectus-excavatum-treatment-technical-innovation
#17
Sergio B Sesia, David Hradetzky, Frank-Martin Haecker
BACKGROUND: The vacuum bell (VB) is a valid and the only non-invasive treatment for pectus excavatum (PE). To elevate the sternum the patient himself creates a differential negative pressure inside the VB using a hand pump. A distance and differential pressure measuring device (DPMD) enables us for the first time to assess objectively those parameters. METHODS: After approval by the institutional review board, 53 patients recruited from our outpatient clinic were included in this retrospective study and distributed into three groups (group 1 aged 6 to 10years; group 2 aged 11 to 15years; group 3 aged 16 to 20years)...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540454/technical-consideration-of-the-movarpe-technique-in-intricate-pectus-excavatum-deformity
#18
Anton H Schwabegger, Barbara Del Frari, Julia Metzler
BACKGROUND: For the correction of pectus excavatum (PE) deformities in adolescents, adults, and generally in asymmetric cases, a semi-open approach called the MOVARPE (minor open videoendoscopically assisted repair of pectus excavatum) technique is used, consisting of standard pectus bar implantation hybridized with auxiliary sternum osteotomy and multiple chondrotomies. In this study, we report our experiences, discuss pros and cons, and provide technical refinements. METHODS: Between September 2005 and March 2015, 61 patients were selected to undergo the MOVARPE instead of the standard MIRPE (minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum) procedure because of age or specific morphologic characteristics of PE...
May 24, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499711/does-an-external-chest-wall-measurement-correlate-with-a-ct-based-measurement-in-patients-with-chest-wall-deformities
#19
Franziska Ewert, Julia Syed, Sonja Wagner, Manuel Besendoerfer, Roman T Carbon, Stefan Schulz-Drost
BACKGROUND: Measurements in chest wall deformities are typically conducted using a thorax caliper or a CT scan of the chest wall. This paper focuses on the possible correlation between these two methods to validate the reliability of the thorax caliper, minimize radiation exposure, and limit the usage of expensive imaging techniques. METHODS: We evaluated 95 consecutive patients (77 pectus excavatum (PE), 17 pectus carinatum (PC), 1 mixed deformity) who received surgical correction of the anterior chest wall...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495420/the-vacuum-bell-device-as-a-sternal-lifter-an-immediate-effect-even-with-a-short-time-use
#20
Silvia Yukari Togoro, Miguel Lia Tedde, Robert S Eisinger, Erica Mie Okumura, Jose Ribas Milanez de Campos, Paulo Manuel Pêgo-Fernandes
BACKGROUND: To minimize cardiac perforation during the minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum (MIRPE), several surgeons have suggested using a suction device to intraoperatively lift the sternum. Whether or not this technique is effective for all PE patients is not yet known. As such, our aim was to quantify the extent to which a suction device is capable of lifting the sternum with a short duration of use. METHODS: 30 PE patients received a low-dose CT scan as part of standard PE evaluation...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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