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Jaclyn Chesner, Lauren M Ogrich, Carrie Ann Cusack, John R Durkin
BACKGROUND: Moonlighting refers to the practice of medicine outside one's training institution in exchange for financial compensation. High medical debt-to-income ratios drive residents to seek additional compensation during residency. OBJECTIVE: To gather information to establish the current practices of moonlighting and to better understand the thoughts and experiences of dermatology residency program directors regarding moonlighting. METHODS: All allopathic and osteopathic dermatology residency program directors in the United States and Puerto Rico received a blinded survey between February 1, 2017 and April 1, 2017 through an email link...
April 15, 2018: Dermatology Online Journal
Beth Beason-Abmayr, Jennifer Shade Wilson
Although abundant evidence in STEM education literature emphasizes the incorporation of both primary literature analysis and communication of science into the undergraduate classroom, biology educators are rarely given the necessary support to teach students how to present scientific data from primary literature. Consequently, students often receive limited training in this valuable skill. We report on a collaboration between a biosciences instructor and communication center director who together designed a workshop to teach undergraduate students in a laboratory course to present material from primary literature sources...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Susanne E Hall, Christina Birch
Creating and teaching successful writing and communication assignments for biology undergraduate students can be challenging for faculty trying to balance the teaching of technical content. The growing body of published research and scholarship on effective teaching of writing and communication in biology can help inform such work, but there are also local resources available to support writing within biology courses that may be unfamiliar to science faculty and instructors. In this article, we discuss common on-campus resources biology faculty can make use of when incorporating writing and communication into their teaching...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Philip J Schneider, Craig A Pedersen, Douglas J Scheckelhoff
PURPOSE: The results of the 2017 ASHP national survey of pharmacy practice in hospital settings are described. METHODS: Pharmacy directors at 4,828 general and children's medical- surgical hospitals in the United States were surveyed using a mixed-mode method of contact by mail and e-mail. Survey completion was online, using Qualtrics (Qualtrics, Provo, UT). IMS Health supplied data on hospital characteristics; the survey sample was drawn from the IMS hospital database (IMS Health, Yardley, PA)...
June 14, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
J C Cho
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Due to advances in healthcare and treatment options, there is a need for pharmacists with additional post-graduate residency training. With the growing need for residency-trained pharmacists, obtaining a post-graduate pharmacy residency has become more competitive. The objective of this study was to capture the perspectives of post-graduate year 1 residency programme directors (RPDs) in the United States (US) regarding aspects of a candidate's application and interview they found most important when selecting future residents...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
Emily B Richard, Diana Hamer, Mandi W Musso, Tracee Short, Hollis R O'Neal
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are rare, type IV hypersensitivity reactions of the skin and mucosa. These reactions (SJS/TEN) are frequently managed in burn units; however, no standardized guidelines exist for the treatment and management of SJS/TEN. To gain insight into current SJS/TEN management practices, a survey on admission, diagnosis, and management, was conducted across accredited burn units in the United States. A 28-item question survey on SJS/TEN management, diagnosis, and treatment practices was distributed among medical directors and co-directors of American Burn Association-verified burn centers...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Ardis M Copenhaver, Amy Haver, Aaron J Pickering, Ronald J Campbell, Stephen A Wilson, Jennie B Jarrett
BACKGROUND: Literature regarding career trajectory for postgraduate year 2 (PGY-2) pharmacy residency specialty-trained pharmacists is limited. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study is to describe PGY-2 pharmacy residency training on career practice and satisfaction. METHODS: A cross-sectional study surveyed graduates of PGY-2 pharmacy residency programs. Respondents were identified by current PGY-2 residency program directors requesting participation from their program alumni...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Andrews Kwabena Tawiah, Alan Borthwick, Linda Woodhouse
OBJECTIVE: To identify the potential challenges and barriers to the implementation of Advanced Physiotherapy Practice (APP) in Ghana. METHODS: A basic interpretive qualitative study design was conducted, with a semi-structured focus group comprising eight physiotherapists and a one-to-one interview with the director of orthopedic surgery in the second largest hospital in Ghana. Participants were sampled purposefully to ensure they had a clear understanding of APP...
June 13, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
K Arumugam, S Srinivasalu, R Purvaja, R Ramesh
From koppunuru study area totally 58 samples were collected in 7 different boreholes, minimum depth of 28 m and Maximum depth of 157.7 m. The borehole samples geochemical analysis (major and trace elements) was carried out at Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration & Research (AMD), Hyderabad, India. Major and trace element studies have been conducted on the Neoproterozoic Palnad sub-basin Andhra Pradesh, South India, to determine their Geochemistry, Uranium mineralization and provenance characteristics...
June 2018: Data in Brief
Lawrence A Palinkas, Mark Campbell, Lisa Saldana
Background: This study examined influences on the decisions of administrators of youth-serving organizations to initiate and proceed with implementation of an evidence-based practice (EBP). Methods: Semi-structured interviews, developed using the Stages of Implementation Completion (SIC) as a framework, were conducted with 19 agency chief executive officers and program directors of 15 organizations serving children and adolescents. Results: Agency leaders' self-assessments of implementation feasibility and desirability prior to implementation (Pre-implementation) were influenced by intervention affordability, feasibility, requirements, validity, reliability, relevance, cost savings, positive outcomes, and adequacy of information; availability of funding, support from sources external to the agency, and adequacy of technical assistance; and staff availability and attitudes toward innovation in general and EBPs in particular, organizational capacity, fit between the EBP and agency mission and capacity, prior experience with implementation, experience with seeking evidence, and developing consensus...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
C Trezza, M Mazzotta, D Lorenzetti, L De Vito, V Renzini
INTRODUCTION: In the Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Policlinico Umberto I in Rome, the Hospital Social Services (HSS) is located within the Directorate of Health, reporting directly to the Chief Medical Officer, providing counselling and supporting clinical services. The HSS is part of a network with its own technical, professional and assessment independence. It often serves as liaison between the hospital and the territory, facilitating the development of services and contributing to public health recovery and maintenance, therefore improving the citizens' standard of living thanks to aid projects and specific interventions...
July 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
Katerina Kolyva
Katerina Kolyva, Executive Director, Council of Deans of Health, discusses the importance of demonstrating the positive effects of nursing and midwifery research on patient care and safety in order to influence policy makers.
June 14, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Patrick Davidson, Christophe Penisson, Doru Constantin, Jean-Christophe P Gabriel
The phase diagram of colloidal suspensions of electrically charged nanosheets, such as clays, despite their many industrial uses, is not yet understood either experimentally or theoretically. When the nanosheet diameter is very large (∼100 nm to 1 µm), it is quite challenging to distinguish the lamellar liquid-crystalline phase from a nematic phase with strong stacking local order, often called "columnar" nematic. We show here that newly upgraded small-angle X-ray scattering beamlines at synchrotron radiation facilities provide high-resolution measurements which allow us to identify both phases unambiguously, provided that single domains can be obtained...
June 11, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Abigail S Cohen, Saef Izzy, Monisha A Kumar, Cara J Joyce, Stephen A Figueroa, Matthew B Maas, Christiana E Hall, David L McDonagh, David P Lerner, Paul M Vespa, Lori A Shutter, Eric S Rosenthal
OBJECTIVE: To define expectations for neurocritical care (NCC) core competencies vs competencies considered within the domain of other subspecialists. METHODS: An electronic survey was disseminated nationally to NCC nurses, physicians, fellows, and neurology residents through Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education neurology residency program directors, United Council for Neurologic Subspecialties neurocritical care fellowship program directors, and members of the Neurocritical Care Society...
June 12, 2018: Neurology
Elizabeth Gyllstrom, Kimberly Gearin, Donald Nease, Betty Bekemeier, Rebekah Pratt
OBJECTIVE: To describe the degree of public health and primary care collaboration at the local level and develop a model framework of collaboration, the Community Collaboration Health Model (CCHM). DESIGN: Mixed-methods, cross-sectional surveys, and semistructured, key informant interviews. SETTING: All local health jurisdictions in Colorado, Minnesota, Washington, and Wisconsin. PARTICIPANTS: Leaders from each jurisdiction were identified to describe local collaboration...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Carol W Runyan, Ashley Brooks-Russell, Marian E Betz
Counseling about reducing access to lethal means of suicide, especially firearms, is a recommended practice in emergency departments (EDs) but does not occur routinely. Understanding influencers of decisions makers in health care (ED nurse leaders, mental health providers) and temporary firearm storage (law enforcement and gun retailers) could enhance practice. We surveyed these 4 groups in the 8-state region of the Mountain West. For ED nurse leaders (n = 190), hospital legal, risk management, and quality improvement representatives, and the ED nursing director were most often cited as influential, whereas mental health providers (n = 67) cited their own team...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Elżbieta Biernat, Monika Piątkowska
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work is to estimate leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) of the professionally-active population as a factor in early preventive medicine and diagnosing threats of occupational diseases. It was the basis for an analysis of the realisation of a pro-health dose of physical activity recommended by WHO (depending on the profession). OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: A survey based on IPAQ-LV was realised in 2014-2015 on a representative sample of Poles (n = 2039)...
June 5, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Avik Nath, Krishan Yadav, Jeffrey J Perry
CLINICIAN'S CAPSULE What is known about the topic? Little has been published on the structure and curricula of the Canadian College of Family Physicians Emergency Medicine [CCFP(EM)] programs across Canada. What did this study ask? Describe the major components of CCFP(EM) programs and how they are incorporated into curricula. What did this study find? Programs have similar clinical rotations, ultrasound, and simulation requirements. Variation exists in administrative structures, financial resources, academic projects, and competency-based curricula...
June 11, 2018: CJEM
A T Day, L Tang, U A Patel, J D Richmon, K S Emerick
OBJECTIVE: Despite the resurgence in regional flap use, otolaryngology resident regional flap experience has been incompletely studied. We sought to characterize United States (US) otolaryngology resident exposure to, and perceptions of, supraclavicular flaps (SCFs), submental flaps (SMFs), and other regional flaps. METHODS: An online survey was disseminated every two weeks to 106 US otolaryngology residency program directors for distribution to residents within their programs between August and October 2016...
May 31, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Muhammad Farooq Umer, Shumaila Zofeen, Abdul Majeed, Wenbiao Hu, Xin Qi, Guihua Zhuang
Despite tremendous progress, malaria remains a serious public health problem in Pakistan. Very few studies have been done on spatiotemporal evaluation of malaria infection in Pakistan. The study aimed to detect the spatiotemporal pattern of malaria infection at the district level in Pakistan, and to identify the clusters of high-risk disease areas in the country. Annual data on malaria for two dominant species ( Plasmodium falciparum , Plasmodium vivax ) and mixed infections from 2011 to 2016 were obtained from the Directorate of Malaria Control Program, Pakistan...
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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