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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683833/gender-distribution-of-the-american-board-of-anesthesiology-diplomates-examiners-and-directors-1985-2015
#1
Brenda G Fahy, Deborah J Culley, Huaping Sun, Rupa Dainer, Benjamin P Lutkoski, Cynthia A Lien
To understand the potential role of women in leadership positions, data from the American Board of Anesthesiology (ABA) were analyzed to explore the impact of women in the specialty of anesthesiology. The number of newly certified ABA diplomates, oral examiners, and directors from 1985 to 2015 was obtained from the ABA database. The percentages of women in each group were calculated for each year. Because it took an average of 10 years for a diplomate to become an oral examiner and an average of 7 years for an oral examiner to be elected as a director during the study period, the following percentages were compared: women oral examiners versus newly certified women diplomates 10 years prior and women directors versus women oral examiners 7 years prior...
April 19, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682694/the-american-society-of-hematology-ash-medical-educators-institute-a-pilot-faculty-development-project-for-hematology-educators
#2
Jennifer C Kesselheim, Charles P Clayton, Josel Fritz, Roy E Smith, Scott D Gitlin, Erin Reid, Kenneth S Zuckerman, Marc J Kahn
Clinician educators at academic medical centers often lack the community, mentorship, and faculty development to support their missions around education scholarship and teaching. Inadequate support for clinician educators can lead to professional dissatisfaction and slowed academic advancement. In 2014, ASH conducted a needs assessment of medical school hematology course directors, hematology-oncology fellowship program directors, and other ASH members identified as educators to determine this community's desire for faculty development in medical education...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679888/effects-of-thermo-order-mechanical-coupling-on-band-structures-in-liquid-crystal-nematic-elastomer-porous-phononic-crystals
#3
Shuai Yang, Ying Liu
Liquid crystal nematic elastomers are one kind of smart anisotropic and viscoelastic solids simultaneously combing the properties of rubber and liquid crystals, which is thermal sensitivity. In this paper, the wave dispersion in a liquid crystal nematic elastomer porous phononic crystal subjected to an external thermal stimulus is theoretically investigated. Firstly, an energy function is proposed to determine thermo-induced deformation in NE periodic structures. Based on this function, thermo-induced band variation in liquid crystal nematic elastomer porous phononic crystals is investigated in detail...
April 5, 2018: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679443/a-20-year-review-the-use-of-exception-from-informed-consent-and-waiver-of-informed-consent-in-emergency-research
#4
Lauren Klein, Johanna Moore, Michelle Biros
BACKGROUND: Due to the acuity and time sensitive needs of their clinical condition, patients presenting with certain emergent pathologies may lack capacity to provide meaningful prospective informed consent to participate in clinical research. For these reasons, these populations have often been excluded from research investigations. To mitigate this, regulations allowing Exception from Informed Consent (EFIC) (21 CFR 50.24) or Waiver of Informed Consent (WIC) (45 CFR 46.101) were developed in 1996...
April 21, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678080/intercoder-reliability-of-mapping-between-pharmaceutical-dose-forms-in-the-german-medication-plan-and-edqm-standard-terms
#5
Julian Sass, Kim Becker, Dominik Ludmann, Elisabeth Pantazoglou, Heike Dewenter, Sylvia Thun
A nationally uniform medication plan has recently been part of German legislation. The specification for the German medication plan was developed in cooperation between various stakeholders of the healthcare system. Its' goal is to enhance usability and interoperability while also providing patients and physicians with the necessary information they require for a safe and high-quality therapy. Within the research and development project named Medication Plan PLUS, the specification of the medication plan was tested and reviewed for semantic interoperability in particular...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677408/use-of-oxygen-at-the-end-of-life-attitudes-beliefs-and-practices-in-wisconsin
#6
Lisa Quinn-Lee, Jeanne Weggel, Susan D Moch
INTRODUCTION: Oxygen therapy for the management of breathlessness remains controversial and little information is available regarding the practice of using oxygen at end of life. Oxygen use in end-of-life care is increasingly being questioned, while the use of oxygen for routine "comfort care" at end of life continues. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of oxygen at the end of life and to understand its role in contemporary palliative care practice...
March 2018: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676524/sonogames-effect-of-an-innovative-competitive-game-on-the-education-perception-and-use-of-point-of-care-ultrasound
#7
Andrew S Liteplo, Kristin Carmody, Matt J Fields, Rachel B Liu, Resa E Lewiss
OBJECTIVES: Gamification is a powerful tool in medical education. SonoGames is a competitive games-based event designed to educate and inspire emergency medicine (EM) residents about point-of-care ultrasound. We sought to describe: (1) the perceived effectiveness of a competitive event on both immediate learning and long-term education; and (2) the resultant attitudes of participants and program directors regarding ultrasound training. METHODS: The SonoGames Organizational Committee designed 2 surveys: 1 for SonoGames V EM resident participants and a second for EM program directors...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673570/pregnancy-and-parental-leave-among-obstetrics-and-gynecology-residents-results-of-a-nationwide-survey-of-program-directors
#8
Eduardo Hariton, Benjamin Matthews, Abigail Burns, Chitra Akileswaran, Lori R Berkowitz
INTRODUCTION: The health and economic benefits of paid parental leave have been well documented. In 2016, the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) released a policy statement on recommended parental leave for trainees, yet, data on adoption of said guidelines is nonexistent and published data on parental leave policies in Ob-Gyn is outdated. The objective of our study is to understand existing parental leave policies in Ob-Gyn training programs and to evaluate program director opinions on these policies and on parenting in residency...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672370/magnet%C3%A2-or-pathway%C3%A2-recognition-comparing-and-contrasting
#9
Rebecca Graystone, Christine Pabico
The Directors of the Magnet Recognition Program® and Pathway to Excellence® use this column to compare and contrast the 2 programs. Both programs profile nursing excellence.
May 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670730/dental-caries-in-the-peruvian-police-population
#10
Luz A Moreno-Quispe, Luis A Espinoza-Espinoza, Loel S Bedon-Pajuelo, Magna Guzmán-Avalos
Background: Dental caries is a multifactorial disease that affects the general population. After reviewing the scientific literature, no studies were found on the index of decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) in the Peruvian police population. The objective was to evaluate the DMFT index and severity level of the disease in police personnel of the Ancash region, Peru. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional prevalence study. The medical records of the police personnel in activity were reviewed and each subject was examined from May 2012 to May 2013...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670414/integration-of-leadership-training-into-a-problem-case-based-learning-program-for-first-and-second-year-medical-students
#11
Samara B Ginzburg, Susan Deutsch, Jaclyn Bellissimo, David E Elkowitz, Joel Nh Stern, Robert Lucito
Purpose: The evolution of health care systems in response to societal and financial pressures has changed care delivery models, which presents new challenges for physicians. Leadership training is increasingly being recognized as an essential component of medical education training to prepare physicians to meet these needs. Unfortunately, most medical schools do not include leadership training. It has been suggested that a longitudinal and integrated approach to leadership training should be sought...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669819/survey-of-kidney-biopsy-clinical-practice-and-training-in-the-united-states
#12
Christina M Yuan, Robert Nee, Dustin J Little, Rajeev Narayan, John M Childs, Lisa K Prince, Rajeev Raghavan, James D Oliver
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Practicing clinical nephrologists are performing fewer diagnostic kidney biopsies. Requiring biopsy procedural competence for graduating nephrology fellows is controversial. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: An anonymous, on-line survey of all Walter Reed training program graduates ( n =82; 1985-2017) and all United States nephrology program directors ( n =149; August to October of 2017), regarding kidney biopsy practice and training, was undertaken...
April 18, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668905/antimicrobial-stewardship-training-for-infectious-diseases-fellows-program-directors-identify-a-curriculum-need
#13
Vera P Luther, Rachel Shnekendorf, Lilian M Abbo, Sonali Advani, Wendy S Armstrong, Alice E Barsoumian, Cole B Beeler, Rachel Bystritsky, Kartikeya Cherabuddi, Seth Cohen, Keith W Hamilton, Dilek Ince, Julie Ann Justo, Ashleigh Logan, John B Lynch, Priya Nori, Christopher A Ohl, Payal K Patel, Paul S Pottinger, Brian S Schwartz, Conor Stack, Yuan Zhou
A needs assessment survey of Infectious Diseases (ID) training program directors identified gaps concerning comprehensive and structured educational resources for training and evaluating ID fellows in antimicrobial stewardship. An IDSA-sponsored antimicrobial stewardship core curriculum was subsequently developed to address that need.
April 16, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668328/use-of-placebo-in-clinical-trials-of-psychotropic-medication
#14
Mehrul Hasnain, Abraham Rudnick, Weldon S Bonnell, Gary Remington, Raymond W Lam
This position paper has been substantially revised by the Canadian Psychiatric Association's Research Committee and approved for republication by the CPA's Board of Directors on March 31, 2017. The original position paper1 was developed by the Scientific and Research Council and approved by the Board of Directors on October 4, 1996.
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668210/care-coordination-for-children-with-special-needs-in-medicaid-lessons-from-medicare
#15
Kate A Stewart, Katharine W V Bradley, Joseph S Zickafoose, Rachel Hildrich, Henry T Ireys, Randall S Brown
OBJECTIVES: To provide actionable recommendations for improving care coordination programs for children with special healthcare needs (CSHCN) in Medicaid managed care. STUDY DESIGN:  Literature review and interviews with stakeholders and policy experts to adapt lessons learned from Medicare care coordination programs for CSHCN in Medicaid managed care. METHODS: We reviewed syntheses of research on Medicare care coordination programs to identify lessons learned from successful programs...
April 2018: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667375/core-curriculum-to-facilitate-the-expansion-of-a-rheumatology-practice-to-include-nurse-practitioners-and-physician-assistants
#16
Benjamin J Smith, Marcy B Bolster, Barbara Slusher, Christine Stamatos, Jeanne R Scott, Heather Benham, Salahuddin Kazi, Elizabeth A Schlenk, Daniel E Schaffer, Vikas Majithia, Calvin R Brown, Joan M von Feldt, Joseph Flood, David M Haag, Karen L Smarr
OBJECTIVE: Due to an aging population, increasing prevalence of rheumatic disease, and a growing supply and demand gap of rheumatology providers, innovative solutions are needed to meet the needs of persons with rheumatic conditions. Nurse practitioners (NPs) and physician assistants (PAs) have been identified as a group of health professionals who could help address the workforce shortage. The Executive Committee of the Association of Rheumatology Health Professionals (ARHP), a division of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), charged a task force to facilitate the preparation of NPs/PAs to work in a rheumatology practice setting...
April 17, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666837/cancer-telomeres-and-white-crows
#17
REVIEW
Alan K Meeker
This mini-review article discusses past and present prostate-focused research on telomere and telomerase biology conducted at Johns Hopkins, through the eyes of a Donald S Coffey trainee. Included are past discoveries of abnormalities in telomere biology in the context of prostate cancer and its pre-malignant precursor prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN); the finding that telomerase activity is androgen-regulated in the prostate, and the potential role of telomerase in prostate epithelial stem cells. Also reviewed are more recent results showing that in situ telomere length measurements in patient tissue specimens may have utility in risk assessment and as a prognostic biomarker...
2018: American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666059/vision-for-nci-outlined-by-new-director
#18
(no author information available yet)
Speaking at the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2018, Norman "Ned" Sharpless, MD, the new director of the NCI, outlined his vision for the agency and spoke about four areas on which he'd like to focus its efforts: workforce training and development, basic science, "big data," and clinical trials.
April 17, 2018: Cancer Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665608/-level-of-development-of-clinical-ethics-consultation-in-psychiatry-results-of-a-survey-among-psychiatric-acute-clinics-and-forensic-psychiatric-hospitals
#19
Jakov Gather, Sarah Kaufmann, Ina Otte, Georg Juckel, Jan Schildmann, Jochen Vollmann
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to assess the level of development of clinical ethics consultation in psychiatric institutions in North Rhine-Westphalia. METHODS: Survey among medical directors, directors of nursing and administrative directors of all psychiatric acute clinics and forensic psychiatric hospitals in North Rhine-Westphalia. RESULTS: 113 persons working in psychiatric acute clinics responded (reponse rate: 48 %) and 13 persons working in forensic psychiatric hospitals (response rate 54 %)...
April 17, 2018: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665222/first-keep-it-safe-integration-of-a-complementary-medicine-service-within-a-hospital
#20
Elad Schiff, Ilana Levy, Zahi Arnon, Eran Ben-Arye, Samuel Attias
OBJECTIVES: This paper sought to explore risk/safety considerations associated with the integration of a complementary medicine (CM) service within a public academic medical centre in Israel. METHODS: We reviewed various sources pertaining to the CM service (interviews with CM staff, patients' electronic charts, service guidelines, correspondence with hospital administration) and conducted a thematic analysis to evaluate safety-related incidents during the 7 years of operation...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
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