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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473393/-introduction-electronic-cigarettes-are-smokeless-devices-that-simulate-the-act-of-tobacco-smoking-by-spraying-an-e-liquid-and-diffusing-an-aerosol-that-is-inhaled-by-the-user-although-the-initial-enthusiasm-observed-in-2012-2013-has-tended-to-flag-electronic
#1
Astrid Fontaine, Fernanda Artigas
INTRODUCTION: Electronic cigarettes are smokeless devices that simulate the act of tobacco smoking by spraying an ?e-liquid? and diffusing an aerosol that is inhaled by the user. Although the initial enthusiasm observed in 2012-2013 has tended to flag, electronic cigarettes are now part of the landscape of smokers seeking an alternative to smoking and abstinence. Smoking cessation professionals need to meet a growing demand from smokers and must adopt a clear position in relation to this device...
January 30, 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472244/age-and-other-factors-affecting-the-outcome-of-aabr-screening-in-neonates
#2
Lise Carolyn Johnson, Margaret Toro, Emily Vishnja, Arielle Berish, Bianca Mills, Zhigang Lu, Ellice Lieberman
BACKGROUND: Although the utility of universal newborn hearing screening is undisputed, testing protocols vary. In particular, the impact of the infant's age at the time of automated auditory brainstem response (AABR) screening has not been well studied. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of newborn hearing screening data in 6817 low-risk, term and late-preterm newborns at our large, urban, academic medical center for a 1-year period to analyze the impact of age and other factors on the screening failure rate and referral for diagnostic testing...
February 22, 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471303/awareness-of-the-new-kidney-allocation-system-among-united-states-dialysis-providers-with-low-waitlisting
#3
Rachel E Patzer, Mohua Basu, Kayla D Smith, Laura Plantinga, Sumit Mohan, Cam Escoffery, Joyce J Kim, Taylor Melanson, Stephen O Pastan
It is unknown whether dialysis facility staff are aware of the new kidney allocation system implemented in December 2014, which changed how deceased donor kidneys are allocated and waiting time is calculated. U.S. dialysis facilities with low annual waitlisting (<15.2%) were surveyed as part of a large randomized study. Among 653 facilities, 57.9% of staff were aware of the policy change, with medical directors (84.4%) being more aware than social workers (73.3%), facility administrators (53.1%), nurse managers (46...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470574/changes-in-scope-of-procedures-performed-by-pediatric-otolaryngologists-in-the-past-decade
#4
Alexandria L Irace, Catherine Shank, Eelam A Adil, Michael J Cunningham, Kosuke Kawai, Georgios Sideridis, Reza Rahbar
Importance: Monitoring current trends in pediatric otolaryngology will help adjust our training and practice paradigms in a way that ensures the long-term viability of the specialty. Objectives: To gauge the current scope of pediatric otolaryngology (ORL) practice within and outside of the United States and to identify changes in caseload over the past decade. Design, Setting, and Participants: An online survey was sent to pediatric ORL chairs and/or fellowship directors at 42 institutions in the United States and abroad...
February 22, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467977/mytipreport-and-training-for-independent-practice-a-tool-for-real-time-workplace-feedback-for-milestones-and-procedural-skills
#5
AnnaMarie Connolly, Alice Goepfert, Anita Blanchard, Elizabeth Buys, Nicole Donnellan, Cindy L Amundsen, Shelley L Galvin, Kimberly Kenton
Background : Few tools currently exist for effective, accessible delivery of real-time, workplace feedback in the clinical setting. Objective : We developed and implemented a real-time, web-based tool for performance-based feedback in the clinical environment. Methods : The tool (myTIPreport) was designed for performance-based feedback to learners on the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Milestones and procedural skills...
February 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467973/a-descriptive-analysis-of-the-use-of-twitter-by-emergency-medicine-residency-programs
#6
David Diller, Lalena M Yarris
Background : Twitter is increasingly recognized as an instructional tool by the emergency medicine (EM) community. In 2012, the Council of Residency Directors in Emergency Medicine (CORD) recommended that EM residency programs' Twitter accounts be managed solely by faculty. To date, little has been published regarding the patterns of Twitter use by EM residency programs. Objective : We analyzed current patterns in Twitter use among EM residency programs with accounts and assessed conformance with CORD recommendations...
February 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466067/a-narrative-analysis-examining-the-transition-to-practice-for-the-full-time-secondary-school-athletic-trainer
#7
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Jessica Kirby, Stacy E Walker
CONTEXT:   The transition to clinical practice is an important topic in athletic training as it is viewed as a stressful time that is accompanied by self-doubt. Mentorship and previous experience support the transition to practice, but little information is available on the organizational entry of the athletic trainer (AT) who is employed full time in the secondary school setting. OBJECTIVE:   To understand the experiences of newly credentialed ATs in full-time positions in the secondary school setting...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465453/creation-and-implementation-of-a-taxonomy-for-educational-activities-a-common-vocabulary-to-guide-curriculum-mapping
#8
Hugh A Stoddard, Erica D Brownfield
PROBLEM: Undergraduate medical education (UME) has trended toward outcomes-based education, unveiling new issues for UME program organization and leadership. Using a common language for categorizing and linking all program components is essential. The Emory Curriculum Alignment Taxonomy (ECAT) was designed as a common vocabulary for curriculum mapping in the outcomes-based environment of the Emory University School of Medicine. APPROACH: The ECAT, developed in 2016, uses a set of 291 controlled identifiers, or "tags," to describe every educational activity's content, instruction, assessment, and outcomes, and thereby to align teaching inputs with student outcomes...
February 20, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464967/the-familias-saludables-partnership-engaging-the-latino-community-to-address-early-childhood-obesity
#9
Darcy A Thompson, Deborah A Federspiel
Darcy A Thompson is an Associate Professor of pediatrics at the University of Colorado School of Medicine. Her main research seeks to address early childhood obesity in low-income children. She works in the Lifestyle Medicine clinic at Children's Hospital Colorado, a clinic focused on caring for children with obesity and related comorbidities. She is also an Associate Medical Director for the Research Institute at Children's Hospital Colorado. Her training includes a Master of Public Health degree, a medical degree (Yale University) and the Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Fellowship (University of Washington)...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464740/the-current-state-of-ultrasound-training-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-residency-programs
#10
Layan Alrahmani, Elisabeth Codsi, Kristi S Borowski
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the current state of ultrasound training in obstetrics and gynecology (OB-GYN) residency programs across the United States. METHODS: An electronic survey was sent to OB-GYN residency program directors and OB-GYN residents. Responses were obtained in September 2016. Program directors and residents were asked to reflect on their current ultrasound curriculum. RESULTS: A total of 93 program directors and 437 residents responded...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461350/leading-change-a-case-study-of-the-first-independent-critical-access-hospital-to-achieve-magnet%C3%A2-designation
#11
Heather V Nelson-Brantley, Debra J Ford, Karen L Miller, Kristin A Stegenga, Robert H Lee, Marjorie J Bott
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand how nurses in a 25-bed critical-access hospital (CAH) led change to become the 1st to achieve Magnet®. BACKGROUND: Approximately 21% of the US population lives in rural areas served by CAHs. Rural nurse executives are particularly challenged with limited resources. METHODS: Staff nurses, nurse managers, interprofessional care providers, the chief nursing officer, and board of directors (n = 27) were interviewed...
March 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461348/electronic-staff-unit-meetings-a-new-model
#12
Pamela Courtney, Lisa Parnell, Maria Hayden, Cheryl Johnson, Tracy Phillips
This article discusses how a group of directors and nursing staff in a rural hospital created an innovative unit meeting model using electronic technology to communicate with staff in a more meaningful manner and still comply with regulatory requirements and 2-way information needs.
March 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461347/debunking-the-myths-of-magnet%C3%A2
#13
Rebecca Graystone
Rebecca Graystone, the Magnet Program Director, dispels some myths about the Magnet Recognition Program®. Ms Graystone encourages leaders interested in Magnet or those already designated to feel free to access resources including those of the Magnet Program Office.
March 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458822/the-role-of-the-physician-medical-director-in-emergency-medical-services-leadership
#14
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455698/stop-the-bleed-the-effect-of-hemorrhage-control-education-on-laypersons-willingness-to-respond-during-a-traumatic-medical-emergency
#15
Elliot M Ross, Theodore T Redman, Julian G Mapp, Derek J Brown, Kaori Tanaka, Craig W Cooley, Chetan U Kharod, David A Wampler
BACKGROUND: The "Stop the Bleed" campaign advocates for non-medical personnel to be trained in basic hemorrhage control. However, it is not clear what type of education or the duration of instruction needed to meet that requirement. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of a brief hemorrhage control educational curriculum on the willingness of laypersons to respond during a traumatic emergency. METHODS: This "Stop the Bleed" education initiative was conducted by the University of Texas Health San Antonio Office of the Medical Director (San Antonio, Texas USA) between September 2016 and March 2017...
February 19, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455680/emergency-medical-service-ems-utilization-by-syrian-refugees-residing-in-ankara-turkey
#16
Ali Osman Altıner, Sıdıka Tekeli Yeşil
Introduction Many Syrians have left their country and migrated to other countries since March 2011, due to the civil war. As of March 2016, a total of 2,747,946 Syrian refugees had immigrated to Turkey. Some Syrian refugees have been living in camps, while 2,475,134 have been living in metropolitan areas, such as Ankara. Study Objective This study investigated Emergency Medical Service (EMS) utilization among Syrian refugees residing in Ankara. METHODS: This study was a descriptive, cross-sectional database analysis using data obtained from the Department of EMS of the Ankara Provincial Health Directorate...
February 19, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449161/ultrasound-training-in-surgical-critical-care-fellowship-a-survey-of-program-directors
#17
Thomas W Carver
OBJECTIVE: Surgical critical care (SCC) fellows are expected to receive training in critical care ultrasound (CCUS) but training is sporadic and there is no standardized curriculum to guide educators. Previous studies show wide variation in CCUS training during fellowship across specialties but SCC has been underrepresented. This study was performed to assess SCC program directors' views regarding CCUS during fellowship training. DESIGN: Adult SCC program directors were surveyed regarding the role of CCUS in fellowship training...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448420/low-noise-phase-of-a-two-dimensional-active-nematic-system
#18
Suraj Shankar, Sriram Ramaswamy, M Cristina Marchetti
We consider a collection of self-driven apolar particles on a substrate that organize into an active nematic phase at sufficiently high density or low noise. Using the dynamical renormalization group, we systematically study the two-dimensional fluctuating ordered phase in a coarse-grained hydrodynamic description involving both the nematic director and the conserved density field. In the presence of noise, we show that the system always displays only quasi-long-ranged orientational order beyond a crossover scale...
January 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448417/magneto-optic-dynamics-in-a-ferromagnetic-nematic-liquid-crystal
#19
Tilen Potisk, Alenka Mertelj, Nerea Sebastián, Natan Osterman, Darja Lisjak, Helmut R Brand, Harald Pleiner, Daniel Svenšek
We investigate dynamic magneto-optic effects in a ferromagnetic nematic liquid crystal experimentally and theoretically. Experimentally we measure the magnetization and the phase difference of the transmitted light when an external magnetic field is applied. As a model we study the coupled dynamics of the magnetization, M, and the director field, n, associated with the liquid crystalline orientational order. We demonstrate that the experimentally studied macroscopic dynamic behavior reveals the importance of a dynamic cross-coupling between M and n...
January 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448380/theoretical-model-of-chirality-induced-helical-self-propulsion
#20
Takaki Yamamoto, Masaki Sano
We recently reported the experimental realization of a chiral artificial microswimmer exhibiting helical self-propulsion [T. Yamamoto and M. Sano, Soft Matter 13, 3328 (2017)1744-683X10.1039/C7SM00337D]. In the experiment, cholesteric liquid crystal (CLC) droplets dispersed in surfactant solutions swam spontaneously, driven by the Marangoni flow, in helical paths whose handedness is determined by the chirality of the component molecules of CLC. To study the mechanism of the emergence of the helical self-propelled motion, we propose a phenomenological model of the self-propelled helical motion of the CLC droplets...
January 2018: Physical Review. E
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