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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054037/director-field-analysis-dfa-exploring-local-white-matter-geometric-structure-in-diffusion-mri
#1
Jian Cheng, Peter J Basser
In Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) or High Angular Resolution Diffusion Imaging (HARDI), a tensor field or a spherical function field (e.g., an orientation distribution function field), can be estimated from measured diffusion weighted images. In this paper, inspired by the microscopic theoretical treatment of phases in liquid crystals, we introduce a novel mathematical framework, called Director Field Analysis (DFA), to study local geometric structural information of white matter based on the reconstructed tensor field or spherical function field: (1) We propose a set of mathematical tools to process general director data, which consists of dyadic tensors that have orientations but no direction...
October 11, 2017: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053984/ecological-content-validation-of-the-information-assessment-method-for-parents-iam-parent-a-mixed-methods-study
#2
M Bujold, R El Sherif, P L Bush, J Johnson-Lafleur, G Doray, P Pluye
This mixed methods study content validated the Information Assessment Method for parents (IAM-parent) that allows users to systematically rate and comment on online parenting information. Quantitative data and results: 22,407 IAM ratings were collected; of the initial 32 items, descriptive statistics showed that 10 had low relevance. Qualitative data and results: IAM-based comments were collected, and 20 IAM users were interviewed (maximum variation sample); the qualitative data analysis assessed the representativeness of IAM items, and identified items with problematic wording...
October 4, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052810/projecting-the-supply-and-demand-for-certified-genetic-counselors-a-workforce-study
#3
Jennifer M Hoskovec, R L Bennett, M E Carey, J E DaVanzo, M Dougherty, S E Hahn, B S LeRoy, S O'Neal, J G Richardson, C A Wicklund
As of May 2017, there were 4242 Certified Genetic Counselors (CGC) (American Board of Genetic Counseling, Inc. 2017) and 41 graduate-level genetic counseling training programs (Accreditation Council for Genetic Counseling 2017) in North America, and the demand for CGCs continues to increase. In the Fall of 2015 the Genetic Counselor Workforce Working Group, comprised of representatives from the American Board of Genetic Counseling (ABGC), the Accreditation Council for Genetic Counseling (ACGC), the Association of Genetic Counseling Program Directors (AGCPD), the American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG), and the National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC) commissioned a formal workforce study to project supply of and demand for CGCs through 2026...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052466/edgar-leigh-collis-industrial-lung-disease-and-ergonomics
#4
Tony Waldron
Edgar Collis was appointed as the second Medical Inspector of Factories in 1908, holding the post until the outbreak of the First World War when he became Medical Director of the Ministry of Munitions. After the war, he was appointed to the chair in public health in the University of Wales. He held this post while living in Lossiemouth in Scotland, some 570 miles distant. His research interests were in industrial lung disease, industrial hygiene, and the health of coal miners. He made important contributions to the first and third subjects, but was a less significant figure in the field of industrial hygiene...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049281/unmet-needs-for-analyzing-biological-big-data-a-survey-of-704-nsf-principal-investigators
#5
Lindsay Barone, Jason Williams, David Micklos
In a 2016 survey of 704 National Science Foundation (NSF) Biological Sciences Directorate principal investigators (BIO PIs), nearly 90% indicated they are currently or will soon be analyzing large data sets. BIO PIs considered a range of computational needs important to their work, including high performance computing (HPC), bioinformatics support, multistep workflows, updated analysis software, and the ability to store, share, and publish data. Previous studies in the United States and Canada emphasized infrastructure needs...
October 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048453/bologna-process-and-basic-nursing-education-in-21-european-countries
#6
L Humar, J Sansoni
BACKGROUND: The Bologna Process and the Directives of the European Union have had a profound impact on nursing education in Europe. The aim of this study was to identify the similarities and differences within nursing education framework at entry level in 2014 in European countries. METHODS: A questionnaire was devised by the researchers and distributed via e-mail to the nursing associations/nursing regulatory bodies of 30 European countries. Data were collected from January to May 2014...
November 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047413/itactic-implementing-treatment-algorithms-for-the-correction-of-trauma-induced-coagulopathy-study-protocol-for-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Kjersti Baksaas-Aasen, Lewis Gall, Simon Eaglestone, Claire Rourke, Nicole P Juffermans, J Carel Goslings, Paal Aksel Naess, Susan van Dieren, Sisse Rye Ostrowski, Jakob Stensballe, Marc Maegele, Simon J Stanworth, Christine Gaarder, Karim Brohi, Per I Johansson
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injury is the fourth leading cause of death globally. Half of all trauma deaths are due to bleeding and most of these will occur within 6 h of injury. Haemorrhagic shock following injury has been shown to induce a clotting dysfunction within minutes, and this early trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) may exacerbate bleeding and is associated with higher mortality and morbidity. In spite of improved resuscitation strategies over the last decade, current transfusion therapy still fails to correct TIC during ongoing haemorrhage and evidence for the optimal management of bleeding trauma patients is lacking...
October 18, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045987/perspectives-of-family-medicine-clerkship-directors-regarding-forward-feeding-a-cera-study
#8
Lisa D Mims, Alexei O DeCastro, Ann G Kelly
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Forward feeding signifies sharing information about learners for purposes of professional and academic advancement, and promotes progression toward a competency-based educational continuum. The aim of this study is to assess reasons for difficulty or failure of the family medicine clerkship and investigate utilization and methods of forward feeding. Reasons behind medical school policies regarding forward feeding are also evaluated. METHODS: Data were collected through the 2013 Council of Academic Family Medicine (CAFM) Educational Research Alliance (CERA) Family Medicine Clerkship Director survey...
October 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043906/parkinson-s-disease-and-the-quest-for-preclinical-diagnosis-an-interview-with-professor-werner-poewe
#9
Werner Poewe
Werner Poewe speaks to Laura Dormer, Editorial Director: Professor Werner Poewe is Professor of Neurology and Director of the Department of Neurology at Innsbruck Medical University in Innsbruck, Austria. He held a Residency in Clinical Neurology and Psychiatry at the University of Innsbruck, Austria, from 1977 to 1984. From 1984 to 1985 he teamed up with Gerald Stern and Andrew Lees as a British Council Research Fellow at University College and Middlesex Hospital's Medical School in London to perform clinical studies into levodopa-induced dystonia and pharmacokinetics of levodopa in naive versus L-Dopa treated Parkinson's disease...
October 18, 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042918/george-n-papanicolaou-1883-1962-an-exceptional-human-scientist-and-academic-teacher-an-interview-with-dr-neda-voutsa-perdiki
#10
Ioannis N Mammas, Demetrios A Spandidos
Dr Neda Voutsa-Perdiki, former Director of Exfoliative Cytology at the University of Florida (Florida, USA), talks about her academic teacher Dr George N. Papanicοlaou, referred to as the 'Father of Exfoliative Cytology', and his wife Mache, known as Mary Papanicolaou. According to Dr Voutsa-Perdiki, Dr Papanicolaou was an exceptional teacher and a unique humanitarian in modern medical history. The secret of his scientific success was hard work, dedication, love of research, faith and the courage he gained from his wife and colleagues...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042343/systems-based-training-in-graduate-medical-education-for-service-learning-in-the-state-legislature-in-the-united-states-pilot-study
#11
Shikhar H Shah, Maureen D Clark, Kimberly Hu, Jalene A Shoener, Joshua Fogel, William C Kling, James Ronayne
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of advocacy training in graduate medical education in the United States. To address this void, the Legislative Education and Advocacy Development (LEAD) course was developed as an interprofessional experience, partnering a cohort of pediatrics residents, fourth-year medical students, and public health students to be trained in evidence-informed health policy making. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate the usefulness and acceptability of a service-based legislative advocacy course...
October 17, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042335/neurosurgical-resident-error-a-survey-of-u-s-neurosurgery-residency-training-program-directors-perceptions
#12
Raghav Gupta, Justin M Moore, Nimer Adeeb, Christoph J Griessenauer, Anna M Schneider, Chirag D Gandhi, Griffith R Harsh, Ajith J Thomas, Christopher S Ogilvy
INTRODUCTION: Efforts to address resident errors and enhance patient safety have included systemic reforms such as the ACGME's mandated duty-hour restrictions and specialty-specific initiatives such as the neurosurgery Milestone Project. However, there is currently little data describing the basis for these errors or outlining trends in neurosurgical resident errors. METHODS: An online questionnaire was distributed to program directors of 108 U.S. neurosurgery residency training programs to assess the frequency, most common forms and causes of resident error, the resulting patient outcomes, and the steps taken by residency programs to address these errors...
October 14, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039112/james-cossar-ewart-and-the-origins-of-the-animal-breeding-research-department-in-edinburgh-1895-1920
#13
Clare Button
In 1919 the Animal Breeding Research Department was established in Edinburgh. This Department, later renamed the Institute of Animal Genetics, forged an international reputation, eventually becoming the centrepiece of a cluster of new genetics research units and institutions in Edinburgh after the Second World War. Yet despite its significance for institutionalising animal genetics research in the UK, the origins and development of the Department have not received as much scholarly attention as its importance warrants...
October 16, 2017: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037824/resource-usage-implementing-the-surgical-resident-prep-curriculum-at-a-single-institution
#14
Lily Owei, Chris Neylan, Rachel Kelz, Kristoffel R Dumon, Steve R Allen, Noel Williams, Daniel T Dempsey, Carla Fisher
OBJECTIVE: The Resident Prep Curriculum (RPC), published in 2014 and developed as a collaboration of the American College of Surgeons, Association of Program Directors in Surgery, and the Association for Surgical Education, was designed to improve the quality and consistency of medical student preparation for surgical residency. We aim to assess the feasibility of and resource usage for implementation of this curriculum at our institution. DESIGN: Our institution expanded upon a pre-existing 2-week surgical preparatory course, adding modules designed to meet the goals and objectives of the RPC...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037364/a-national-resident-survey-about-the-current-state-of-venous-education-in-vascular-surgery-training-programs
#15
Caitlin W Hicks, Amber Kernodle, Christopher J Abularrage, Jennifer A Heller
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to characterize U.S. vascular surgery trainees' perceptions, case numbers, and attitudes toward venous disease education, as well as their intent to incorporate it into future practice. These data will provide us with a current snapshot of postgraduate venous education from a resident's perspective. METHODS: Institutional Review Board approval was obtained. A 13-question survey was created and distributed to all vascular surgery residents in the United States by SurveyMonkey...
November 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034826/voice-of-the-clinician-the-case-of-an-australian-health-system
#16
Mark J Lock, Amber L Stephenson, Jill Branford, Jonathan Roche, Marissa S Edwards, Kathleen Ryan
Purpose The Voice of the Clinician project commenced during an era when practitioner burnout, dissatisfaction, and turnover became an increasingly global health workforce concern. One key problem is clinical staff not being empowered to voice their concerns to decision-makers, as was found in this case study of an Australian public health organization. The following research question informed the present study: What is a better committee system for clinician engagement in decision-making processes? The paper aims to discuss this issue...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033521/reliability-of-rubrics-in-the-assessment-of-orthodontic-oral-presentation
#17
Naif A Bindayel
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability of using rubrics in dental education, specifically for undergraduate students' assessment in orthodontic oral presentation. METHODS: A rubric-based case presentation assessment form was introduced to three contributing instructors. In each instructor's group, the course director, along with the assigned instructor, assessed 8 randomly selected fourth year male dental students utilizing the same assessment form (total of 24 students)...
October 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032704/addressing-barriers-to-clozapine-underutilization-a-national-effort
#18
Deanna L Kelly, Oliver Freudenreich, MacKenzie A Sayer, Raymond C Love
Although clozapine has demonstrated unique efficacy for the treatment of seriously ill patients with refractory psychosis, its real-world use presents challenges to clinicians in a variety of settings, leading to its underutilization in the United States. The barriers include a lack of prescriber knowledge and confidence, negative prescriber attitudes, special monitoring requirements, administrative burden, unprepared health systems, and inadequate appreciation of clozapine's unique nature by policy makers and payers...
October 16, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031521/surgical-thoracic-transplant-training-super-fellowship-is-it-super
#19
George Makdisi, Tony Makdisi, Christiano C Caldeira, I-Wen Wang
OBJECTIVE: The quality of training provided to thoracic transplant fellows is a critical step in the care of complex patients undergoing transplant. The training varies since it is not an accreditation council for graduate medical education accredited fellowship. METHOD: A total of 104 heart or lung transplant program directors throughout the United States were sent a survey of 24 questions focusing on key aspects of training, fellowship training content and thoracic transplant job satisfaction...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026523/medical-support-during-an-ironman-70-3-triathlon-race
#20
Hae-Rang Yang, Jinwoo Jeong, Injoo Kim, Ji Eun Kim
BACKGROUND: The Ironman 70.3 race is also called a half Ironman, and consists of 1.9 km of swimming, 90.1 km of cycling, and 21.1 km of running. The authors provide practical insights that may be useful for medical support in future events by summarizing the process and results of on-scene medical care. METHODS: The medical post was established at the transition area between the cycling and running courses, which was close to the finish line, and staffed with the headquarters team comprised of an emergency physician, an EMT, two nurses, and an ambulance with a driver...
2017: F1000Research
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